References of "2006"
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See detailNumerical modelling of coupled poromechanics processes
Charlier, Robert ULg; Laloui, Liesse; Collin, Frédéric ULg

in Revue Européenne de Génie Civil (2006), 10(6-7), 669-702

This paper is the basis for a course dedicated to geomechanics for energy production. A number of different coupling are discussed, with respectively the fluid flow (saturated and unsaturated) and the ... [more ▼]

This paper is the basis for a course dedicated to geomechanics for energy production. A number of different coupling are discussed, with respectively the fluid flow (saturated and unsaturated) and the thermal transfers in deformable porous media. Eventually some aspects on the numerical modelling with the finite element method are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of spatial pattern analysis to support landscape planning and biological conservation.
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in The use of spatial pattern analysis to support landscape planning and biological conservation. Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecological restoration in East Asia, (2006)

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See detailPost-ischemic hypothermia reduced IL-18 expression and suppressed microglial activation in the immature brain.
Fukui, On; Kinugasa, Yukiko; Fukuda, Aya et al

in Brain Research (2006), 1121(1), 35-45

Inflammation is an important factor for hypoxia-ischemia (HI) brain injury. Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine which may be a contributor to injury in the immature brain after HI. To ... [more ▼]

Inflammation is an important factor for hypoxia-ischemia (HI) brain injury. Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine which may be a contributor to injury in the immature brain after HI. To investigate the effects of post-HI hypothermia on IL-18 in the developing brain, 7-day-old rats were subjected to left carotid artery ligation followed by 8% oxygen for 60 min and divided into a hypothermia group (rectal temperature 32 degrees C for 24 h) and a normothermia group (36 degrees C for 24 h). The IL-18 mRNA was analyzed with real-time RT-PCR, and the protein level was analyzed by Western blot, and the location and source of IL-18 were assessed by immunohistochemistry. The significant increase of the IL-18 mRNA was observed in the ipsilateral hemispheres of the normothermia group at 24 h and 72 h after HI compared with controls, but the level in the ipsilateral hemispheres of the hypothermia group was significantly reduced at both time points, compared with the normothermia group, respectively. The IL-18 protein level in the ipsilateral hemispheres of the normothermia group significantly increased at 72 h after HI compared with controls, however, the protein level of the hypothermia group was significantly decreased, compared with the normothermia group. IL-18-positive cells were observed throughout the entire cortex, corpus callosum (CC) and striatum in the ipsilateral hemispheres of normothermia group at 72 h after HI, however, little positive cells were observed in the hypothermia group. Double labeling immunostaining found that most of the IL-18-positive cells were colocalized with lectin, which is a marker of microglia. The number of ameboid microglia (AM) in the normothermia group was significantly increased in cortex and CC, compared with the number in controls, but there were very few ramified microglia (RM) in these areas. In contrast, the number of AM in the hypothermia group was significantly decreased in cortex and CC, compared with the number in the normothermia group, and there were no significant differences in the number of AM and RM between the hypothermia group and controls. In conclusion, we found that IL-18 mRNA and the protein level were attenuated by post-HI hypothermia and that post-HI hypothermia may decrease microglia activation in the developing brain. [less ▲]

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See detailLe processus électoral de 2006 en République démocratique du Congo
Kabamba, Bob ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailETUDE COMPARATIVE DE LA COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE LA NIGELLA SATIVA LINN. DE PLUSIEURS REGIONS DU MONDE EXTRAITES PAR MICRO-ONDES
Benkaci-Ali, Farid; Baaliouamer, Aoumeur; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Rivista italiana EPPOS (2006), 41

The Nigella Sativa, eastern plant from the Mediterranean basin and other areas of the world, is very much used as condiment and medicinal application. The microwave extraction allows to obtain oils in a ... [more ▼]

The Nigella Sativa, eastern plant from the Mediterranean basin and other areas of the world, is very much used as condiment and medicinal application. The microwave extraction allows to obtain oils in a very short time and with a better quality and yields. The GC and GC/MS analysis of oils shows that are rich in volatile of biosynthesis compounds such as the p-cymene and the thymoquinone which have medicinal properties. The undesirable products caused by the reactions of hydrolysis and the heating effect such as acids, alcohols and oxides are relatively reduced. The monoterpenes and ketones constitute the principal classes of our oils. In addition, the analytical study reveals that the seeds cultivated in the arid regions are rich in thymoquinone which constitutes the principal active component of Nigella Sativa seeds . [less ▲]

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See detailNon-genetic factors affecting the reproduction performance, lamb growth and productivity indices of Djallonke sheep
Gbangboche, A. B.; Adamou-Ndiaye, M.; Youssao, A. K. I. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2006), 64((1-2)), 133-142

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See detailNumerical analysis of the effect of localised fires on composite steel concrete buildings
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Pintea, D.; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg

in Vila Real, P. M. M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th International workshop Structures in Fire (2006)

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See detailCreatinine-based formulae for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in heart transplant recipients
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Nellessen, Eric ULg; Grosch, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Clinical Transplantation (2006), 20(5, Sep-Oct), 596-603

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common complication in heart transplant patients. Serum creatinine has clear limitations for the detection and estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Various ... [more ▼]

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common complication in heart transplant patients. Serum creatinine has clear limitations for the detection and estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Various creatinine-based formulae are classically used for GFR estimation, but little scientific evidence exists for such use in a heart transplant population. GFR was measured using the plasmatic clearance of the glomerular tracer Cr-51-EDTA in 27 heart transplant patients with two measures for 22 of the patients. Forty-nine measures were thus available for analysis. The precision and accuracy (Bland and Altman analysis) of the Cockcroft, simplified Modified Diet in Renal Diseases (MDRD) and new Mayo Clinic formulae were compared. The mean GFR of the population was 39 +/- 15 mL/min/1.73 m(2). All formulae were well correlated with the GFR. With the Bland and Altman analysis, the accuracy of the MDRD formula appeared higher than that of the Cockcroft or the Mayo Clinic formulae (bias of +12 mL/min/1.73 m(2), vs. +19.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and +22.1 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively). The difference between the estimated and measured GFR was higher than 20 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in 51% and 55% cases when using the Cockcroft and the Mayo Clinic formulae respectively, whereas the difference was only noted in 14% cases when the MDRD was used. Among creatinine-based formulae, the MDRD appears the most precise and accurate for estimating the GFR in heart transplant patients. However, when the GFR must be measured with high accuracy, we recommend the use of a reference method like inulin or Cr-51-EDTA plasma clearance techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical modelling of axially loaded stainless steel members under fire conditions
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Lopes, N.; Vila Real, P. M. M. et al

in Camotim, D. (Ed.) Stability and ductility of steel structures (2006)

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See detailAmélioration de la visualisation des lésions parathyroïdiennes dans l’hyperparathyroïdie primaire par la tomographie pinhole au MIBI-Tc99m.
Ansquer, C.; Mirallié, E.; Oudoux, A. et al

in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2006), 30(09), 518

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See detailThermal stresses in glazing systems in buildings
Tofilo, P.; Delichatsios, M.; Nadjai, A. et al

in Vila Real, P. M. M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th International workshop Structures in Fire (2006)

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See detailSimple heuristic model of an aerosol filter
Lecocq, Rapahaël; Calvo, Sébastien ULg; Saroha, Anil et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailEarly boost and slow consolidation in motor skill learning
Hotermans, C.; Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Maertens De Noordhout, Alain ULg et al

in Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.) (2006), 13(5, Sep-Oct), 580-583

Motorskill learning is a dynamic process that continues covertly after training has ended and eventually leads to delayed increments in performance. Current theories Suggest that this off-line improvement ... [more ▼]

Motorskill learning is a dynamic process that continues covertly after training has ended and eventually leads to delayed increments in performance. Current theories Suggest that this off-line improvement takes time and appears only after several hours. Here we show an early transient and short-lived boost in performance, emerging as early as 5-30 min after training but no longer observed 4 h later. This early boost is predictive of the performance achieved 48 h later, Suggesting its functional relevance for memory processes. [less ▲]

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See detailGenomic structure of new Tunisian peach latent mosaic viroid variants.
Hassen, I Fekih; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

in Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences (2006), 71(3 Pt B), 1257-1265

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See detailThe processes of going into fatherhood: a clinical approach.
Naziri, Despina ULg; De Coster, L.

Poster (2006)

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See detailThe influence of emotional support during child birth : a clinical study
Cunha Lima da Motta, C.; Rinné, Caroline; Naziri, Despina ULg

in Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health (2006), 20(4), 325-341

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See detailPeripheral blood B-cell death compensates for excessive proliferation in lymphoid tissues and maintains homeostasis in bovine leukemia virus-infected sheep.
Debacq, Christophe; Gillet, Nicolas ULg; Asquith, Becca et al

in Journal of Virology (2006), 80(19), 9710-9719

The size of a lymphocyte population is primarily determined by a dynamic equilibrium between cell proliferation and death. Hence, lymphocyte recirculation between the peripheral blood and lymphoid tissues ... [more ▼]

The size of a lymphocyte population is primarily determined by a dynamic equilibrium between cell proliferation and death. Hence, lymphocyte recirculation between the peripheral blood and lymphoid tissues is a key determinant in the maintenance of cell homeostasis. Insights into these mechanisms can be gathered from large-animal models, where lymphatic cannulation from individual lymph nodes is possible. In this study, we assessed in vivo lymphocyte trafficking in bovine leukemia virus (BLV)-infected sheep. With a carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester labeling technique, we demonstrate that the dynamics of lymphocyte recirculation is unaltered but that accelerated proliferation in the lymphoid tissues is compensated for by increased death in the peripheral blood cell population. Lymphocyte homeostasis is thus maintained by biphasic kinetics in two distinct tissues, emphasizing a very dynamic process during BLV infection. [less ▲]

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