References of "2006"
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See detailNumerical modelling of coupled poromechanics processes
Charlier, Robert ULiege; Laloui, Liesse; Collin, Frédéric ULiege

in Revue Européenne de Génie Civil (2006), 10(6-7), 669-702

This paper is the basis for a course dedicated to geomechanics for energy production. A number of different coupling are discussed, with respectively the fluid flow (saturated and unsaturated) and the ... [more ▼]

This paper is the basis for a course dedicated to geomechanics for energy production. A number of different coupling are discussed, with respectively the fluid flow (saturated and unsaturated) and the thermal transfers in deformable porous media. Eventually some aspects on the numerical modelling with the finite element method are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailExtending postgrafting cyclosporine decreases the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease after nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation
Burroughs, Lauri; Mielcarek, Marco; Leisenring, Wendy et al

in Transplantation (2006), 81(6), 818-25

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the duration of systemic immunosuppressive treatment after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might influence the incidence, severity ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the duration of systemic immunosuppressive treatment after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might influence the incidence, severity, timing, and/or corticosteroid-responsiveness of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes among 185 patients with hematologic malignancies who were given grafts from HLA-matched related donors following conditioning with 2 Gy total body irradiation alone or in combination with fludarabine between December 1998 and March 2003. Postgrafting immunosuppression consisted of mycophenolate mofetil (days 0-27) in combination with 3 different cyclosporine (CSP) regimens: taper from (A) days 35 to 56 (n=107), (B) days 56 to 77 (n=35), and (C) days 56 to 180 (n=43). RESULTS: The overall incidences of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD, and extensive chronic GVHD were 52%, 13%, and 56%, respectively. The duration of CSP prophylaxis did not significantly influence the overall rate of acute GVHD (grade II-IV), extensive chronic GVHD, or non-relapse mortality. However, prolonged administration of CSP (group C) was associated with a significantly decreased hazard of grades III-IV acute GVHD (HR 0.2, 95% CI [0.04, 0.9]) and with an increased likelihood of discontinuing all systemic immunosuppression (HR 2.4, 95% CI [1.1, 5.2]) when compared to the shortest course of CSP (group A). CONCLUSION: Longer CSP duration decreased the risk of severe GVHD and increased the likelihood of discontinuing all systemic immunosuppression after nonmyeloablative HCT with HLA-matched related grafts. [less ▲]

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See detailLinkage disequilibrium on the bovine X chromosome: Characterization and use in quantitative trait locus mapping
Sandor, Cynthia ULiege; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege; Hansoul, Sarah ULiege et al

in Genetics (2006), 173(3), 1777-1786

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between ... [more ▼]

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between these markers is higher on the X chromosome than on the autosomes. The latter observation is not compatible with the small male-to-female ratio that prevails in this population and results in a higher gonosomal than autosomal effective population size. It suggests that the X chromosome undergoes distinct selective or mutational forces. We describe and characterize a novel Markovian approach to exploit this linkage disequilibrium to compute the probability that two chromosomes are identical-by-descent conditional on flanking marker data. We use the ensuing probabilities in a restricted maximum-likelihood approach to search for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting 48 traits of importance to the dairy industry and provide evidence for the presence of QTL affecting 5 of these traits on the bovine X chromosome. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of magnetic susceptibility on different carbonate platform type
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULiege; Boulvain, Frédéric ULiege; Mabille, Cédric ULiege

in Abstract book 17th ISC - Fukuoka, Japan - 2006 (2006)

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See detailMotivation et volition: une distinction incontournable
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULiege

in Education-Formation (2006), 284(December), 62-71

Firstly, in this paper the historical analysis of volition as a specific construct in front of motivation and conation is developed. From the middle of the eighties volition is focused in empirical ... [more ▼]

Firstly, in this paper the historical analysis of volition as a specific construct in front of motivation and conation is developed. From the middle of the eighties volition is focused in empirical literature as a central concept in goal-directed learning behaviours, especially when goals are difficult to reach. Secondly, limits of motivation (values, expectations) to explain reaching complex learning goals which imply overcoming internal or external obstacles are heightened and volition (action control strategies and implementation intentions) is proved to basically contribute to initiate goal-directed actions and bring them to a successful conclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailDescriptive and spatial epidemiology of Rift valley fever outbreak in Yemen 2000-2001
Abdo-Salem, S.; Gerbier, G.; Bonnet, Pascal et al

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2006), 1081

Rift valley fever (RVF) is an arboviral disease produced by a bunyavirus belonging to the genus Phlebovirus. Several species of Aedes and Culex are the vectors of this virus that affects sheep, goats ... [more ▼]

Rift valley fever (RVF) is an arboviral disease produced by a bunyavirus belonging to the genus Phlebovirus. Several species of Aedes and Culex are the vectors of this virus that affects sheep, goats, buffalos, cattle, camels and human beings. The human disease is well known, especially during periods of intense epizootic activity. The initial description of the disease dates back to 1930, when animals and human outbreaks appeared on a farm in Lake Naivasha, in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya. Until 2000, this disease was only described in Africa, and then outbreaks were also declared in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2000-2001 and 2004) and in Yemen (2000-2001). Animal and human cases were recorded. This work presents a retrospective summary of the data collected on animal RVF cases during this epidemic in Yemen. Results from several RVF surveys were gathered from the Yemeni vet services and FAO experts. Geographical data (topographic maps and data freely available on internet) were used for the location of outbreaks. After cleaning and standardization of location names, all the data were introduced into a GIS database. The spatial distribution of outbreaks was then studied at two scales: at the national level and at a local scale in the particular area of Wadi Mawr in the Tihama plain, Western coast of Yemen. [less ▲]

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See detailThe conundrum of the electromagnetic semicircular lipoatrophy
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULiege; PIERARD, Gérald ULiege

in Kosmetische Medizin (2006)

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See detailQuestion à Françoise Dastur
Dewalque, Arnaud ULiege

in Dewalque, Arnaud (Ed.) Alter - Revue de phénoménologie 14 (2006), p.265 sq. (2006)

J'adresse ici à Françoise Dastur une question d’ordre très général qui touche aux principes de la méthode phénoménologique et, conjointement, au statut – critique, théorique ou scientifique – du discours ... [more ▼]

J'adresse ici à Françoise Dastur une question d’ordre très général qui touche aux principes de la méthode phénoménologique et, conjointement, au statut – critique, théorique ou scientifique – du discours philosophique. Cette question concerne plus exactement ce que Husserl a nommé, au § 7 du deuxième tome des Recherches logiques, « le principe de l’absence de présupposition en théorie de la connaissance ». [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative risk assessment of Campylobacter spp. in poultry based meat preparations as one of the factors to support the development of risk-based microbiological criteria in Belgium
Uyttendaele, Mieke; Baert, Katleen; Ghafir, Yasmine et al

in International Journal of Food Microbiology (2006), 111(2), 149-163

The objective of this study was to do an exercise in risk assessment on Campylobaeter spp. for poultry based meat preparations in Belgium. This risk assessment was undertaken on the demand of the ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to do an exercise in risk assessment on Campylobaeter spp. for poultry based meat preparations in Belgium. This risk assessment was undertaken on the demand of the competent national authorities as one of the supportive factors to define fisk-based microbiological criteria. The quantitative risk assessment model follows a retail to table approach and is divided in different modules. The contamination of raw chicken meat products (CMPs) was represented by a normal distribution of the natural logarithm of the concentration of Campylobacter spp. (In[Camp]) in raw CMPs based on data from surveillance programs in Belgium. To analyse the relative impact of reducing the risk of campylobacteriosis associated with a decrease in the Campylobacter contamination level in these types of food products, the model was run for different means and standard deviations of the normal distribution of the ln[Camp] in raw CMPs. The limitation in data for the local situation in Belgium and on this particular product and more precisely the semi-quantitative nature of concentration of Campylobacter spp. due to presence/absence testing, was identified as an important information gap. Also the knowledge on the dose-response relationship of Campylobacter spp. was limited, and therefore three different approaches of dose-response modelling were compared. Two approaches (1 and 2), derived from the same study, showed that the reduction of the mean of the distribution representing the ln[Camp] in raw CMPs is the best approach to reduce the risk of Campylobacter spp. in CMPs. However, for the simulated exposure and approach 3 it was observed that the reduction of the standard deviation is the most appropriate technique to lower the risk of campylobacteriosis. Since the dose-response models used in approach I and 2 are based on limited data and the reduction of the mean corresponds with a complete shift of the contamination level of raw CMPs, demanding high efforts from the poultry industry, it is proposed to lower the standard deviation of the concentration of Campylobacter spp. in raw CMPs. This proposal corresponds with the elimination of the products that are highly contaminated. Simulation showed that eating raw chicken meat products can give rise to exposures that are 10(10) times higher than when the product is heated, indicating that campaigns are important to inform consumers about the necessity of an appropriate heat treatment of these type of food products. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMinerals discovered in paleolithic black pigments by transmission electron microscopy and micro-X-ray absorption near-edge structure
Chalmin, Emilie; Vignaud; Salomon, Hélène ULiege et al

in Applied Physics A : Materials Science & Processing (2006)

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See detail1798: contre les républicains français, une identité belge a posteriori
Raxhon, Philippe ULiege; van Ypersele, Laurence

in Bruneel, Claude; Bernard, Bruno (Eds.) Les prémices de l'identité belge avant 1830? (2006)

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See detailMolybdenite Re-Os dating constrains gravitational collapse of the Sveconorwegian orogen, SW Scandinavia
Bingen, Bernard; Stein, Holly J.; Bogaerts, Michel et al

in Lithos (2006), 87(3-4), 328-346

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See detailSeminar, “Change Detection and Similarity Afternoon”, Royal Military Academy (RMA)
Vigneron, Lara M.; Verly, Jacques ULiege

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailOn the definition and use of landscape metrics to disentangle landscape complexity.
Bogaert, Jan ULiege

in Gibelli, G.; Brancucci, G. (Eds.) Pianificare l’Incertezza. L’Ecologia del Paesaggio nella Gestione dei Sistemi Territoriali. (2006)

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See detailOptimal accumulation in an endogenous growth setting with human capital
Docquier, Frédéric; Paddison, Olivier; Pestieau, Pierre ULiege

in Journal of Economic theory (2006), 134(1), 361-378

This paper considers a three-overlapping-generations model of endogenous growth wherein human capital is the engine of growth. It first contrasts the laissez-faire and the optimal solutions Three possible ... [more ▼]

This paper considers a three-overlapping-generations model of endogenous growth wherein human capital is the engine of growth. It first contrasts the laissez-faire and the optimal solutions Three possible accumulation regimes are distinguished. Then it discusses a standard set of tax-transfer instruments that allow for decentralization of the social optimum. Within the limits of our model, the rationale for the standard pattern of intergenerational transfers (the working-aged financing the education of the young and the pension of the old) is seriously questioned. On pure efficiency grounds, the case for generous public pensions is rather weak. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLittérature populaire et culture de masse en Belgique dans les années 1930. Jean Ray, Georges Simenon, Hergé
Denis, Benoît ULiege

in Mollier, Jean-Yves; Sirinelli, Jean-François; Vallotton, François (Eds.) Culture de masse et culture médiatique en Europe et dans les Amériques. 1860-1940 (2006)

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See detailCellulite histopathology and related mechanobiology.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULiege; Xhauflaire, Emmanuelle ULiege; Pierard, Claudine ULiege et al

in International Journal of Cosmetic Science (2006), 28(3), 207-10

Cellulite, sometimes called gynoid lipodystrophy, is much more prevalent in women than in men. There are glaring discrepancies regarding the microanatomical descriptions of this condition in the ... [more ▼]

Cellulite, sometimes called gynoid lipodystrophy, is much more prevalent in women than in men. There are glaring discrepancies regarding the microanatomical descriptions of this condition in the literature. A lumpy aspect of the dermo-hypodermal interface is often cited, but it appears to represent a gender-linked characteristic of the thighs and buttocks without being a specific sign of cellulite. Incipient cellulite recognized by a discrete padded look or 'orange peel' aspect appears correlated with the presence of a network of focally enlarged fibrosclerotic strands partitioning the hypodermis and serving as a physiological buttress limiting the outpouching of fat lobules on pinching the skin. These connective tissue structures might represent a hormonal-dependent reactive process to sustained mechanical tensions caused by the adipocyte lobules. Full blown cellulite is recognized by a lumpy-bumpy and dimpled skin surface. It likely represents subjugation of the hypertrophic response of the hypodermal connective tissue strands when their resistance is overcome by progressive fat accumulation. In these cases, histological aspects reminiscent of striae distensae are identified within the hypodermal connective tissue strands. The mechanical properties of skin involved by cellulite process are altered, but may tend to resume to normal under treatment. These functional changes influence the mechanobiology of connective tissue cells, in particular the Factor XIIIa-positive dermal dendrocytes. [less ▲]

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