References of "2006"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailContribution à la mission CoRoT et à la recherche d'exoplanètes par la méthode des transits photométriques
Gillon, Michaël ULg

Doctoral thesis (2006)

In this thesis, we present our contributions to the CoRoT mission and to the search for exoplanets with the photometric transit method. We developped a spectroscopic analysis method, APASS, which allows ... [more ▼]

In this thesis, we present our contributions to the CoRoT mission and to the search for exoplanets with the photometric transit method. We developped a spectroscopic analysis method, APASS, which allows to obtain a precise determination of atmospheric physical parameters and abundances for stars with an unnegligeable rotational speed. We present APASS and the high-precision results we obtained for main target stars of the asteroseismological part of the CoRoT mission. Our results are in agreement with those obtained by other authors using different analysis methods, while beeing more precise. Furthermore, they show that the use of a spectroscopic analysis method based on equivalent widths measurements by gaussian or Voigt profiles fitting should be avoided for stars whose rotational velocity is significantly higher then the Sun’s, and that a method using synthetic spectra fitting for which the convolution is a free parameter should be prefered. Next, we investigate the potential of extrasolar planet transit surveys. We show that CoRoT has a very high potential for the detection of close-in giant planets, better than the one of the KEPLER mission. This latter reveals to be better for the detection of terrestrial planets. Nevertheless, CoRoT could detect a few giant telluric planets of short orbital period, provided that this kind of object is frequent in our galaxy. For ground-based surveys, our results based on the use of large telescopes and wide-field cameras seem to indicate that an important potential is also available from the ground. These results are nevertheless less reliable, mainly because of the lack of knowledge about the influence of systematic effects, and additional investigations using actual data will be necessary. We present then the deconvolution method MCS and the way we adapted it to planetary transit photometry. We present the results we obtained after analysis of actual data for OGLE-TR-123 (VLT/FORS2 data) and OGLE-TR-132 (VLT/FORS2 and NTT/SUSI2 data). These results are very encouraging and demonstrate the high potential of MCS for this kind of high-precision analysis. Finally, we present the future improvements we intend to install to obtain a still higher level of precision and to increase the speed of analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
See detailL’évolution du droit des étrangers
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Khader, Bichara; Martiniello, Marco; Rea, Andrea (Eds.) et al Penser l’immigration et l’intégration autrement (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHigh-pressure study of the beta-to-alpha transition in Ga2O3
Machon, D.; McMillan, P. F.; Xu, Bin ULg et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2006), 73(9),

The high-pressure behavior of Ga2O3 is studied up to 40 GPa using synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy in diamond anvil cells. A phase transformation from the monoclinic beta-phase (C2/m ... [more ▼]

The high-pressure behavior of Ga2O3 is studied up to 40 GPa using synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy in diamond anvil cells. A phase transformation from the monoclinic beta-phase (C2/m) is observed at a pressure above 20-22 GPa. The high-pressure polymorph is identified as the alpha-phase that is isostructural with corundum (R (3) over barc symmetry) from the x-ray diffraction data. However, considerable anion disorder is indicated by the appearance of broad bands in the Raman spectra. The experimental results are complemented by ab initio theoretical calculations of the energetics of the two structures and the lattice dynamics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhotography as diagnosis of contemporaneity
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Baetens, Jan; Van Gelder, Hilde (Eds.) Critical Realism in Contemporary Art. Around Allan Sekula’s Photography (2006)

Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du travail. L’image ... [more ▼]

Cet article porte sur l’efficacité politique d’une série photographique qui problématise des questions socioculturelles contemporaines telles l’immigration, l’exploitation et l’éthique du travail. L’image photographique devient une ressource dans les mains des acteurs sociaux et fait fonction de diagnostic des tensions du contemporain. La photographie permet de «reconnaître à travers» (c’est-à-dire « diagnostiquer ») et de formuler des jugements. Le potentiel sémantique du diagnostic engendré par cette série et la force illocutoire des jugements qui y sont inscrits fonctionnent comme une sorte d’« argumentation par images ». L’analyse de cette série photographique, réalisée par le photographe et théoricien Allan Sekula, nous a amené à nous interroger sur la relation entre image, corpus, genres d’afférence et statuts (documentaire et artistique). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailWork Spaces in Art, Science and Business
Froehlicher, Thomas ULg; Joly, Jean-Baptiste; Billier, Dominique

Book published by Merz&Solitude Reihe Reflexiv (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSome Concerns About the Reliability of LTE Abundance Analyses in Cool, Active Stars
Morel, Thierry ULg; Micela, G.; Favata, F.

in Chemical Abundances and Mixing in Stars in the Milky Way and its Satellites, ESO ASTROPHYSICS SYMPOSIA. ISBN 978-3-540-34135-2. Springer-Verlag, 2006, p. 64 (2006)

We discuss recent observational evidence illustrating the current limitations plaguing classical LTE abundance analyses of cool (T [SUB]eff[/SUB] < 5500 K), chromospherically active stars. Although ... [more ▼]

We discuss recent observational evidence illustrating the current limitations plaguing classical LTE abundance analyses of cool (T [SUB]eff[/SUB] < 5500 K), chromospherically active stars. Although significant progress on this issue can be evidently expected from a more realistic atmospheric modelling and treatment of NLTE line formation, a homogeneous abundance study of a large sample of inactive K-type stars may also prove valuable in disentangling temperature and activity effects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom the design to the clinical application of thromboxane modulators
Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg; Hanson, Julien ULg; de Leval, Xavier et al

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2006), 12(8), 903-923

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of ... [more ▼]

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of particular importance is thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)). It is produced by the action of thromboxane synthase on the prostaglandin endoperoxide H-2 (PGH(2)) which results from the enzymatic transformation of AA by the cyclooxygenases. It is a potent inducer of platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction, and has been involved in a series of major pathophysiological conditions. Therefore, TXA(2) receptor antagonists, thromboxane synthase inhibitors and drugs combining both properties have been developed by different laboratories since the early 1980s. Several Compounds have been launched on the market and others are tinder clinical evaluation. In the first part of this review. we will describe the physiological properties of TXA(2), thromboxane synthase and thromboxane receptors. The second part is dedicated to a description of each class of thromboxane modulators with the advantages and disadvantages they offer. In the third part. we aim to describe recent studies performed with the most interesting thromboxane modulators in major pathologies: myocardial infarction and thrombosis, atherosclerosis, diabetes, pulmonary embolism, septic shock.. preeclampsia, and asthma. Each pathology will be systematically reviewed. Finally, in the last part we will highlight the latest perspectives in drug design of thromboxane modulators and in their future therapeutic applications such as cancer, metastasis and angiogenesis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMarchés publics et paradigme concurrenciel: état du droit
Navez, Françoise ULg; Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

in Dossiers d'ASBL Actualités (Les) (2006), 2

Les pouvoirs adjudicateurs désirant avoir une consommation responsable, favorable au développement durable, hésitent souvent à insérer des considérations "autres que strictement économiques" dans leurs ... [more ▼]

Les pouvoirs adjudicateurs désirant avoir une consommation responsable, favorable au développement durable, hésitent souvent à insérer des considérations "autres que strictement économiques" dans leurs procédures d'achat et donc à valoriser les spécificités des entreprises d'économie sociale. Mais d'où vient cette hésitation? L'argument généralement avancé est le fait que l'insertion de considérations autres que strictement économiques va à l'encontre de la logique de marché imposée par la législation nationale, le droit communautaire ou encore l'Accord sur les marchés publics. L'exercice leur apparait dès lors difficile et périlleux. Qu'en est-il de l'état du droit aujourd'hui? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 147 (26 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIodide organification disorder in autonomous thyroid nodule.
Tang, B.; Corvilain, B.; Seret, Alain ULg et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2006), 33(S2), 351

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe FLC-dependent vernalization pathway in Sinapis alba.
D'Aloia, Maria ULg; Tocquin, Pierre ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Physiology (2006), 143A

In many plants, flowering is promoted by a long exposure to cold, a process known as ‘vernalisation’. In Arabidopsis, the vernalisation pathway was shown to promote flowering via the repression of the ... [more ▼]

In many plants, flowering is promoted by a long exposure to cold, a process known as ‘vernalisation’. In Arabidopsis, the vernalisation pathway was shown to promote flowering via the repression of the FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) gene, which encodes a repressor of flowering. As far as we know, the genetical control of flowering is conserved among Brassicaceae, and we reported elsewhere cloning of flowering times genes of the photoperiodic pathway in Sinapis alba, based on sequence similarity with Arabidopsis. However, little is known about vernalisation in Sinapis. We therefore undertook a physiological and molecular study of this process. Plants of Sinapis were grown in non inductive short days and vernalised at 7°C, at the seedling stage. Vernalisation was found to accelerate flowering and an increasing effect was observed for vernalisation treatments longer than 2 weeks. We cloned an FLC-like sequence (SaFLC) by screening a cDNA library, and used it as a probe to perform expression analyses. We observed that SaFLC was almost completely repressed after 1 week of vernalisation, but repression was stable only after 2 weeks, which is consistent with the fact that 2-week is the minimal duration of vernalisation that promotes flowering. Hence the molecular mechanisms of vernalisation seem to be conserved in Sinapis and Arabidopsis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental evaluation of a spray drift Gaussian tilting plume model.
Stainier, Charles; Robaye, Vincent ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg et al

in Aspects of Applied Biology (2006), 77(2), 365-370

This paper evaluates the application of a Gaussian tilting plume model to study agricultural spraying drift. The spray drift deposit of each droplet diameter class, measured by a laser particle analyser ... [more ▼]

This paper evaluates the application of a Gaussian tilting plume model to study agricultural spraying drift. The spray drift deposit of each droplet diameter class, measured by a laser particle analyser, is computed independently and summed to give footprint results for different nozzle. The methodology is used to model the drift from a fiat fan nozzle operating in a wind tunnel. Discrepancies with experimental data and the potential for further improvement of this approach are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTechnique d'extraction de 12 benzodiazépines dans le plasma. Résultats expérimentaux multicentriques
Jourdil, Nicole; Capolaghi, Bernard; Artur, Michèle et al

in Annales de Toxicologie Analytique (2006), 2

Dans le cadre des différents thèmes de travail proposés aux membres de la commission de Toxicologie Clinique de la SFTA, une étude est réalisée sur l'identification et la quantification simultanée de 12 ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre des différents thèmes de travail proposés aux membres de la commission de Toxicologie Clinique de la SFTA, une étude est réalisée sur l'identification et la quantification simultanée de 12 benzodiazépines dans le plasma. L'objectif est de tester la robustesse d'une technique d'extraction en l'imposant aux différents participants, les conditions chromatographiques de séparation et le mode de détection restant libres, fonctions de l'équipement de chaque laboratoire. L'étude a été réalisée sur une période de 2 mois et demi. Deux échantillons tests de plasmas surchargés avec 12 benzodiazépines à des concentrations thérapeutiques ou supra-thérapeutiques sont adressés à chaque centre d'investigation en vue de leur évaluation. La technique d'extraction utilise un mélange d'hexane / dichlorométhane en milieu tamponné (pH 9.2) et le loflazépate d'éthyle comme standard interne. Une méthode CLHP avec détecteur à barrette de diode est proposée à défaut par le laboratoire coordonnateur aux participants ne disposant pas de technique d'analyse. Sur les 11 participants, 10 utilisent une technique CLHP, un seul une technique CPG. Parmi les techniques CLHP, 2 d'entre elles associent un détecteur de masse, 7 un détecteur à barrette de diodes, 1 un détecteur UV. La technique CPG est associée à un détecteur de masse. L'analyse des résultats montre que la technique d'extraction proposée a été testée avec succès par 8/11 des participants : 4/11 laboratoires sans erreur et 4/11 laboratoires avec 1 ou 2 résultats exclus. Par contre, 3/11 laboratoires ont rencontré des difficultés majeures : un site par la survenue d'émulsions lors du traitement des échantillons tests (plasmas lyophilisés à reconstituer), un site par manque de temps et d'expérience, le troisième mettant en cause le choix du standard interne en technique CPG, le loflazépate d'éthyle n'ayant pas fait l'objet d'une étude préalable par cette technique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBlind tests shed light on possibilities of interpreting prehistoric stone tool prehension and hafting
Rots, Veerle ULg; Pirnay, Louis; Pirson, Philippe et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science (2006), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect Of The Antibiotic Azithromycin On Thermotropic Behavior Of Dopc Or Dppc Bilayers
Fa, N.; Ronkart, Sébastien ULg; Schanck, A. et al

in Chemistry and Physics of Lipids (2006), 144(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEffect of the entrained air and initial droplet velocity on the release height parameter of a Gaussian spray drift model.
Stainier, C.; Destain, Marie-France ULg; Schiffers, Bruno ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2006), 71(2 Pt A),

The increased concern about environmental effect of off-target deposits of pesticides use has resulted in the development of numerous spray drift models. Statistical models based on experimental field ... [more ▼]

The increased concern about environmental effect of off-target deposits of pesticides use has resulted in the development of numerous spray drift models. Statistical models based on experimental field studies are used to estimate off-target deposits for different sprayers in various environmental conditions. Random-walk and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have been used to predict the effect of operational parameters and were extensively validated in wind tunnel. A third group, Gaussian dispersion models have been used for several years for the environmental assessment of the pesticide spray drift, mainly for aerial application. When these models were used for the evaluation of boom sprayer spray drift, their predictions were found unreliable in the short range, were the initial release conditions of the droplets have a significant effect on the spray deposits. For longer ranges, the results were found consistent with the field measurements as the characteristics of the source have a reduced influence on the small droplets drift. Three major parameters must be taken into account in order to define realistic initial conditions of the droplets in a spray drift model: the spray pattern of the nozzle, the boom movements and the effect of entrained air and droplet velocities. To take theses parameters into account in a Gaussian model, the nozzle droplet size distribution measured with a Malvern laser particle analyser was used to divide the nozzle output into several size classes. The spray deposits of each diameter class was computed for each successive position of the nozzle combining the nozzle spray distribution with drift computed with a Gaussian tilting plume model. The summation of these footprints resulted in the global drift of the nozzle. For increasing droplet size, the release height used in the Gaussian model was decreased from nozzle height to ground level using an experimental law to take into account the effect of entrained air and droplet initial velocity. The experimental law was adjusted on 2m/s wind tunnel measurements and robustness was evaluated for 1 and 4 m/s. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDroplet Size Spectra And Drift Effect Of Two Phenmedipham Formulations And Four Adjuvants Mixtures
Stainier, C.; Destain, Marie-France ULg; Schiffers, Bruno ULg et al

in Crop Protection (2006), 25(12),

Relative drift potential was evaluated for three types of hydraulic nozzles (a flat-fan nozzle, a hollow cone nozzle and an air induction nozzle) spraying different liquids: water, emulsifiable ... [more ▼]

Relative drift potential was evaluated for three types of hydraulic nozzles (a flat-fan nozzle, a hollow cone nozzle and an air induction nozzle) spraying different liquids: water, emulsifiable concentrate (EC) and suspension concentrate (SC) formulations of phenmedipham dispersed in water, with or without addition of 4 different tank-mix adjuvants. The droplet size spectra were measured for these 15 spray mixtures using a Malvern Particle Sizer and characterised by the Volume Median Diameter (VMD) and the percentage of liquid contained in droplets less than 100 m (% < 100 m). Horizontal ground drift was measured in a wind tunnel, on glass fibre collectors using a fluorescent tracer dye technique. The relative drift of each spray mixture was characterised by the Drifted Part (DP) which is the part of the sprayed volume drifted between 2 and 6 metres. Although the nozzle type was the predominating parameter regarding to the droplet size spectra and the DP, differences were observed due to the liquids characteristics. The EC formulation produced a smaller droplet size and a greater DP than the SC formulation whatever the tank mix adjuvant used. For the different spray mixtures, the DP was poorly correlated to the VMD or the % < 100 m. However, correlations between the VMD, the % < 100 m and the DP of the flat-fan nozzle and of the hollow cone nozzle were significant. This suggests that a reference nozzle could be used to estimate the drift potential of other nozzle with a similar liquid sheet break-up mechanism. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysiopathologie de l'hyperglycemie post-prandiale
Scheen, A. J.; Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Journées Annuelles de Diabetologie de l'Hôtel-Dieu (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes IPP au très long cours: le problème est-il uniquement économique?
Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6), 483-7

Proton pump inhibitors are among the most prescribed drugs in Belgium, due to the high prevalence of gastrooesophageal reflux disease and significant impairment of health-related well-being. Short-term ... [more ▼]

Proton pump inhibitors are among the most prescribed drugs in Belgium, due to the high prevalence of gastrooesophageal reflux disease and significant impairment of health-related well-being. Short-term and long-term efficacy is superior to that of H2-receptor antagonists. Long-term safety is established. Empirical short-term treatment of symptomatic patients under 50 years of age without alarm signs is acceptable, but endoscopic investigation should always be performed before starting a long-term treatment. Doses for management of low-grade oesophagitis may be tailored to the patient's response. Continuous maintenance of full-dose is recommended for high grade oesophagitis. Surgical alternative is to be discussed with patients. Efficacy and mean cost for insurance plans are comparable. Endoscopic procedures are not yet sufficiently evaluated to be considered. Simple lifestyle advice is still useful. The burden of proton pump inhibitors cost is acceptable if they are prescribed at adequate doses. Cost-effective drugs should be chosen first. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 133 (18 ULg)