References of "2006"
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See detailTrou Al’Wesse : Campagne de fouilles 2006
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Stewart, John et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2006), 26

We present the results of the analysis of the large mammals recovered from strata 4a et 4b at Trou Al'Wesse, which confirms the division of complex 4 into two strata and their attribution to the Neolithic ... [more ▼]

We present the results of the analysis of the large mammals recovered from strata 4a et 4b at Trou Al'Wesse, which confirms the division of complex 4 into two strata and their attribution to the Neolithic 'stratum 4a) and the Mesolithic (facies of stratum 4b). We also present a summary of the 2006 field season. [less ▲]

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See detailL'aspirine en prevention primaire des maladies cardio-vasculaires chez le patient diabetique.
Legrand, Delphine ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(10), 682-90

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is widely used as antiplatelet therapy for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effects appear to be different according to the ... [more ▼]

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is widely used as antiplatelet therapy for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, the effects appear to be different according to the studied population, with a reduction of coronary events in men and, rather, a diminution of strokes in women. Diabetes mellitus markedly increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, with an especially elevated relative risk among women. We present a detailed analysis of the literature about the efficacy of aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular complications in the diabetic population. Limited available data suggest a lower protection in the diabetic than in the non-diabetic population. A greater aspirin resistance has been suggested in diabetic patents, which might lead to the use of a higher daily dosage of aspirin in diabetic than in non diabetic patients. Whatsoever, aspirin remains the first antiplatelet agent in the diabetic population in all international guidelines of cardiovascular prevention. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of the attenuation and scatter correction methods on hot and cold contrasts obtained with the Philips Gemini PET-scanner.
Seret, Alain ULg; Nguyen, T.; Bernard, Claire ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2006), 33(S2), 316

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See detailHead Trauma
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Hans, Pol ULg; Brichant, Jean-François ULg

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2006), 57(3), 239-47

this review is to provide the reader with the most commonly accepted principles for the management of head trauma patients. The initial clinical evaluation and resuscitation, radiological evaluation ... [more ▼]

this review is to provide the reader with the most commonly accepted principles for the management of head trauma patients. The initial clinical evaluation and resuscitation, radiological evaluation, monitoring, intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure management, brain protection, associated organ dysfunctions and complications, anaesthetic manage ment and the singularities of paediatric head trauma patients are described, either for the acute phase and the secondary phase of management. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction in the risk of developing back pain persists at least 30 months after discontinuation of teriparatide treatment: a meta-analysis.
Nevitt, M. C.; Chen, P.; Kiel, D. P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2006), 17(11), 1630-7

INTRODUCTION: Teriparatide [rhPTH (1-34)] reduces fracture risk, and in a published meta-analysis of clinical trials, teriparatide-treated patients had reduced incidence of back pain relative to placebo ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Teriparatide [rhPTH (1-34)] reduces fracture risk, and in a published meta-analysis of clinical trials, teriparatide-treated patients had reduced incidence of back pain relative to placebo or to antiresorptive drugs. The aim of this study was to evaluate back pain in teriparatide-treated versus comparator-treated patients during an interval including controlled clinical trials plus 30 months of additional follow-up. METHODS: A meta-analysis of four completed randomized, double-blinded trials of teriparatide [rhPTH (1-34)] versus comparator was performed. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the heterogeneity of results and to estimate the relative risk of back pain. RESULTS: Patients in the pooled teriparatide group had reduced risk for any back pain [relative risk, 0.73 (95% CI, 0.61-0.87)], moderate or severe back pain [0.72 (0.58-0.89)], and severe back pain [0.39 (0.25-0.61)] compared with pooled controls, from initiation of the study drug through the end of follow-up. Sensitivity analysis showed that the results were robust to the removal of each individual trial from the meta-analysis. Separate meta-analyses comparing teriparatide versus placebo or antiresorptive drugs gave similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Teriparatide-treated patients had a reduced incidence of back pain versus those receiving a comparator during an observation encompassing clinical trials plus 30 months of posttreatment observation. [less ▲]

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See detailPaying Attention to Language, Replicas and the Role of the Artist in Janet Frame's Living in the Maniototo
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Journal of Postcolonial Writing (2006), 42(1), 32-43

Janet Frame's 1979 novel Living in the Maniototo features a ubiquitous narrator whose multiple personalities are linked by a common interest in creation. This choice of narrative perspective, coupled with ... [more ▼]

Janet Frame's 1979 novel Living in the Maniototo features a ubiquitous narrator whose multiple personalities are linked by a common interest in creation. This choice of narrative perspective, coupled with the characters and events depicted in the book, provides the basis for an exploration of the related concepts of art, language and replicas. By establishing connections between these elements, this article attempts to unveil the dynamics at work in the novel's multi-layered structure and thus shed light on the role of the artist in the narrative and, by extension, on the author's metafictional strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe boundary layer of the residence time field
Delhez, Eric ULg; Deleersnijder, Eric

in Ocean Dynamics (2006), 56(2), 139-150

The residence time of a tracer in a control domain is usually computed by releasing tracer parcels and registering the time when each of these tracer parcels cross the boundary of the control domain. In ... [more ▼]

The residence time of a tracer in a control domain is usually computed by releasing tracer parcels and registering the time when each of these tracer parcels cross the boundary of the control domain. In this Lagrangian procedure, the particles are discarded or omitted as soon as they leave the control domain. In a Eulerian approach, the same approach can be implemented by integrating forward in time the advection-diffusion equation for a tracer. So far, the conditions to be applied at the boundary of the control domain were uncertain. We show here that it is necessary to prescribe that the tracer concentration vanishes at the boundary of the control domain to ensure the compatibility between the Lagrangian and Eulerian approaches. When we use the Constituent oriented Age and Residence time Theory (CART), this amounts to solving the differential equation for the residence time with boundary conditions forcing the residence time to vanish at the open boundaries of the control domain. Such boundary conditions are likely to induce the development of boundary layers (at outflow boundaries for the tracer concentration and at inflow boundaries for the residence time). The thickness of these boundary layers is of the order of the ratio of the diffusivity to the velocity. They can however be partly smoothed by tidal and other oscillating flows. [less ▲]

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See detailRoutes to increase the relaxivity of contrast agents for MRI
Thonon, David ULg; Vanasschen, Christian; Paris, Jérôme et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailSimonis Marie Anne
Delvaux, Anne-Catherine ULg

in Gubin, Eliane (Ed.) Dictionnaire des femmes belges, XIXe et XXe siècles (2006)

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See detailSpotlight on nail histomycology.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg

in Dermatologic Clinics (2006), 24(3), 371-4

The misdiagnosis of onychomycosis delays the proper treatment of the nail condition. Nail histomycology refers to the microscopic examination of histologic sections prepared from nail clippings for the ... [more ▼]

The misdiagnosis of onychomycosis delays the proper treatment of the nail condition. Nail histomycology refers to the microscopic examination of histologic sections prepared from nail clippings for the purpose of detecting the presence of fungi. This laboratory method is the most sensitive procedure for the diagnosis of onychomycosis. It allows for the visualization of the precise location of the invasive fungus inside the nail apparatus. The method also distinguishes various shapes of the fungal cells, in particular filamentous fungi, yeasts, conidia, and sporodochia. The correct diagnosis provided by histomycology combined with culture not only allows for more efficient expenditure of funds and services but also is important for the timely alleviation of the disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformances thermiques initiales de produits minces réfléchissants
Flamant, Gilles; Wouters, Peter; L'Heureux, Didier et al

Report (2006)

La méthodologie retenue consistait à déterminer les performances thermiques des PMR, d’une part, sur la base de mesures en laboratoire (dans des conditions aux limites stationnaires) et, d’autre part, sur ... [more ▼]

La méthodologie retenue consistait à déterminer les performances thermiques des PMR, d’une part, sur la base de mesures en laboratoire (dans des conditions aux limites stationnaires) et, d’autre part, sur la base de mesures réalisées dans des cellules d’essai soumises à des conditions extérieures réelles (régime par essence non stationnaire). Les résultats de ces deux types de mesures ont été comparés entre eux ainsi qu’à des résultats de calculs réalisés onformément aux normes en vigueur. [less ▲]

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See detailDancing droplets onto liquid surfaces
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Terwagne, Denis ULg; mulleners, karin et al

in Physics of Fluids (2006), 18

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See detailSynthesis of stilbenoids via the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction catalysed by palladium N-heterocyclic carbene complexes
Tudose, Adriana; Maj, Anna M.; Sauvage, Xavier ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical (2006), 257(1-2), 158-166

The Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of aryl halides with trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid using a series of related in situ generated N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes was studied in order to evaluate ... [more ▼]

The Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of aryl halides with trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid using a series of related in situ generated N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes was studied in order to evaluate the effect of ligand structure and electronics on the catalytic activity and to investigate the nature of the catalyst species. The nature of the substituents of the carbene ligand was found to be critical. Specifically, the presence of alkyl groups on the ortho positions of the phenyl substituents was a requisite for obtaining the most efficient catalyst systems. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA time-domain finite element homogenization technique for lamination stacks using skin effect sub-basis functions
Dular, Patrick ULg; Gyselinck, Johan; Krahenbuhl, Laurent

in Compel-the International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (2006), 25(1), 6-16

Purpose - To develop a homogenization technique to directly and efficiently take the eddy current effects in laminated magnetic cores within time domain finite element (FE) analyses. Design/methodology ... [more ▼]

Purpose - To develop a homogenization technique to directly and efficiently take the eddy current effects in laminated magnetic cores within time domain finite element (FE) analyses. Design/methodology/approach - The technique is developed for being used within a 31) magnetodynamic b-conform FE formulation, e.g. using a magnetic vector potential. To avoid a fine FE discretization of all the laminations of a magnetic core, this one is considered as a source region that carries predefined current and magnetic flux density distributions describing the eddy currents and skin effect along each lamination thickness. Both these distributions are related and are first approximated with sub-basis functions. Through the homogenization or averaging of the sub-basis functions contributions in the FE formulation, the stacked laminations are then converted into continua, thus implicitly considering the eddy current loops produced by parallel magnetic fluxes. The continuum is then approximated with classical FE basis functions and can be defined on a coarser discretization. Findings - The developed method appears attractive for directly and efficiently taking into account within finite element analyses the eddy current effects, i.e. the associated losses and magnetic flux reduction, that are particularly significant for high frequency excitations. The time domain analysis allows the consideration of both non-linear and transient phenomena. Originality/value - The averaging of sub-basis functions contributions, describing fine distributions of fields, in an FE formulation leads to an original way of homogenizing laminated regions. The proposed method is naturally adapted for time domain analyses and in some sense generalizes what can be done more easily in the frequency domain. [less ▲]

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See detailNederlandse uitspraakleer voor Franstaligen
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent ULg

Book published by Wolters-Plantyn (2006)

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See detailNew firm property and regional and local service development
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in GeolNova (2006), (12), 381-395

In less than ten years, a corporate property market has emerged in Wallonia. This market first covered offices and retail units and recently extended to semi-industrial establishments. Its development is ... [more ▼]

In less than ten years, a corporate property market has emerged in Wallonia. This market first covered offices and retail units and recently extended to semi-industrial establishments. Its development is largely related to the creation of a new type of demand resulting from the growth of new service activities and from new expectations regarding physical units, environment, accessibility and location choices – on both sub-regional and local scales. It has been favoured by the appearance of new property stakeholders, Belgians as well as foreigners (developers, investors and estate agents), but also by public authorities (the Walloon Region and economic development supra-communal agencies). This market’s emergence is related to the deepening of territorial contrasts as property development projects usually reinforce strong areas. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganiser la formation CAPAES : une expérience qui suscite quelques questions
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Puzzle (2006), (20), 31-35

Bilan de l'expérience CAPAES à l'Université de Liège après quatre ans. Analyse au départ de cinq grandes questions

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