References of "2006"
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See detailAdherence to anti-osteoporotic treatment: does it really matter?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Rabenda, Véronique ULg

in Future Rheumatology (2006), 1

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See detailLes plantes indicatrices des stations : observer la végétation pour choisir une essence adaptée au milieu. Fiche technique n°9
de Wouters, P.; Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Silva Belgica (2006), 113(3), -

La végétation présente dans une parcelle peut vous fournir des informations précieuses relatives ) la richesse en matière nutritive (niveau trophique) et en eau (niveau hydrique) du sol. L'observation des ... [more ▼]

La végétation présente dans une parcelle peut vous fournir des informations précieuses relatives ) la richesse en matière nutritive (niveau trophique) et en eau (niveau hydrique) du sol. L'observation des plantes indicatrices vous guide pour définir l'aptitude des essences en place ou de celle que vous pouvez y introduire. [less ▲]

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See detailNouveaux animaux de compagnie : infections à Salmonella enterica et état sanitaire
Huybens, Nathalie ULg; Delleur, Valéry; Poulipoulis, Anastassios ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(4), 241-246

Human transmission of Salmonella enterica from new companion animals is usually suspected even though very few data according Salmonella infections in these animal species are available. The prevalence of ... [more ▼]

Human transmission of Salmonella enterica from new companion animals is usually suspected even though very few data according Salmonella infections in these animal species are available. The prevalence of Salmonella enterica infections in the digestive tract of 450 new companion animals ( 45 ferrets, 7 birds, 308 rodents, 82 rabbits and 8 reptiles) coming from pet shops or individual owners was determined by bacteriological examinations of anal swabs or pooled fresh faeces. Only one Salmonella Enteritidis strain was isolated from a ferret in a pet shop. The symptomatic or asymptomatic Salmonella carriage in ferrets, rodents and rabbits is thus not as frequent as what was suspected. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it time for implementation of tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy in every ICU?
Devos, P.; Preiser, Jean-Charles ULg

in Critical Care (2006), 10(2), 130

The second study on tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy (IIT) confirmed in medical intensive care unit patients the decrease in hospital mortality reported by the same team in the first ... [more ▼]

The second study on tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy (IIT) confirmed in medical intensive care unit patients the decrease in hospital mortality reported by the same team in the first IIT trial in surgical patients. However, methodological concerns, the high rate of hypoglycaemia in spite of the infusion of large doses of parenteral glucose and the frequent use of steroids presently preclude considering these results as recommendations in other intensive care units, but rather argue for the need for large-scale assessment of the IIT approach by multi-centre studies to confirm the efficacy and safety of this therapeutic modality. [less ▲]

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See detailPhillips, Caryl
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Palmer, Colin (Ed.) Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: The Black Experience in the Americas (2006)

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See detailInclusion of a stress-dependent Preisach model in 2D FE calculations
Benabou, A.; Vandenbossche, L.; Gyselinck, Johan et al

in Compel-the International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (2006), 25(1), 81-90

Purpose - Mechanical stress can heavily affect the magnetic behaviour law in ferromagnetic materials. This paper, aims to take into account the effect of mechanical stress into a hystreresis model. This ... [more ▼]

Purpose - Mechanical stress can heavily affect the magnetic behaviour law in ferromagnetic materials. This paper, aims to take into account the effect of mechanical stress into a hystreresis model. This model is implemented in a finite element analysis code and tested in the case of a simple system. Design/methodology/approach - A simple extension of the classical Preisach model is proposed, in which a function linked to the Preisach density is parameterized using the mechanical stress as a supplementary parameter. The methodology is based on experimental measurements for identifying the required function. As a first approach, a linear interpolation is used between the measurements in order to have a continuous evolution of the magneto-mechanical behaviour. This model has been tested in the case of a steel sheet in which width is not constant in order to obtain a non-uniform distribution of stress and magnetic flux density. Findings - The model can predict the magneto-mechanical behaviour with a good accuracy in the case of tensile stress. Implementation of the model in finite element analysis has shown that the model can predict the behaviour of steel sheet subject to a non-uniform stress distribution. Originality/value - This paper shows that a classical hysteresis model can be extended to take into account the magneto-mechanical behaviour. This is useful for the design of electrical machines which are subject to non-negligible mechanical stress. [less ▲]

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See detailA Principal-Agent Theory Approach to Public Expenditure Management Systems in Developing Countries
Leruth, Luc ULg; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in IMF Working Paper (2006), 06/204

A well-functioning public expenditure management (PEM) system is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency, on par with a low-distortion tax system and efficient tax administration. The paper ... [more ▼]

A well-functioning public expenditure management (PEM) system is considered a critical pillar of government efficiency, on par with a low-distortion tax system and efficient tax administration. The paper discusses PEM systems in developing countries using an analytical framework based on principal-agent theory. This simple model can be applied to various PEM systems, and allows for comparisons between institutional settings. To illustrate this, we analyze the benefits derived from the use by the Ministry of Finance (MoF) of two control instruments; ex post audits and ex ante controls, and assess their value in terms of their ability to deter cheating. We derive a set of possible “control regimes” which can be used by the MoF. Although we illustrate the use of the model using developing countries, it is also relevant to developed economies. [less ▲]

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See detailA novel mathematical model to simulate and predict tissue regeneration
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Vander Sloten, Jos; Van Oosterwyck, Hans

in Middleton, J.; Jones, M. L.; Shrive, N. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 7th international symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (2006)

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See detailSTRATEGY FOR THE QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF CROP SYRUP CONTAINING ISOMALTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES KNOWN AS EMERGING PREBIOTICS
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Conference (2006)

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human ... [more ▼]

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human subjects, support the involvement of dietary oligosaccharides in physiological processes in the different intestinal cell type and also outside the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. hormone production, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism). IMOs consists of glucose monomers linked by at least one α-1-6, or in a lower proportion α -1-3 (nigerose family) or α -1-2 (kojibiose family) glucosidic linkages. In our case they are produced enzymatically from corn starch. It results in a very complex mixture with molecules characterized at the same time by their DP value (from 2 to ~20), linkages types (α-1-2, 3 or 6) and the proportion and position of each type of linkage (only α -1-6 or combined types). The challenge of this study was to find a qualitative and quantitative method to characterize the syrups. In a subsequent study, every unidentified peak could be determined by NMR or Mass spectrometry. Three different chromatographic methods have been tested and compared over their selectivity, sensibility, robustness, applicability and their quantitative power. The HPLC-RID (Refractive Index Detector) used with a Prevail Carbohydrate column (Alltech), adapted for carbohydrates with a certain value of DP, appear to be poorly selective due to the obligation of working in isocratic conditions. The HPLC-ELSD (Evaporating Light Scattering Detector) used with the same column gave a very good separation upon the DP as the Prevail accepts a wide range of solvant changing and even a separation of the different DP 2 molecules. The sensibility was also improved due to the stability of the baseline. The quantitative analysis is a bit more awkward due to the relatively limited linear portion of the calibration curve. High-performance Anion Exchange Chromatography coupled with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD) appeared to deserve a special mention, since it provides selective separation and sensitive detection. In fact, this technique is the only chromatographic one to separate with effectiveness homologue molecules having a difference only in their DP (up to high DPs) or linkage types. This is due to the separation mode based on the difference in ionic force of the sugars in alkaline conditions (mainly due to the DP and the structure of the molecule). However, during the detection, the electrochemical behavior of carbohydrates can be affected by molecular weight as well as by structural differences giving rise to different response factors; as a consequence, HPAEC-PAD is not generally considered as suitable for quantitative studies of complex mixtures of oligosaccharides. In this work a methodological approach is presented in order to get a quantitative response through a rigorous methodology for our IMOs. It also opens the way to the theoretical determination of the response factor for the homologue molecules in relation with their structure and DP. [less ▲]

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See detailThe accuracy of memory for faces of personally known individuals
Brédart, Serge ULg; Devue, Christel ULg

in Perception (2006), 35(1), 101-106

The present study was aimed at evaluating whether the very high accuracy of memory for familiar faces, demonstrated by Ge et al (2003, Perception 32 601-614) with a very familiar famous person ... [more ▼]

The present study was aimed at evaluating whether the very high accuracy of memory for familiar faces, demonstrated by Ge et al (2003, Perception 32 601-614) with a very familiar famous person, generalises to faces of personally known individuals. The accuracy of participants' perceptual memory for a close colleague's face and for their own face was evaluated by presenting original and manipulated pictures of these two targets. The manipulation consisted of increasing or decreasing the interocular distance. As in Ge et al's study, results indicated that proportions of correct recognition of the original faces, and just noticeable differences for the detection of alterations in the recognition task, were not significantly different from the corresponding measures in a perceptual discrimination task performed by a sample of participants who did not know the target persons at all. High accuracy of memory generalises to faces of personally known individuals [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobial ecology of the closed artificial ecosystem MELiSSA (Micro-Ecological Life Support System Alternative): Reinventing and compartmentalizing the Earth's food and oxygen regeneration system for long-haul space exploration missions
Hendrickx, Larissa; De Wever, Heleen; Hermans, Veronik et al

in Research in Microbiology (2006), 157

MELiSSA is a bioregenerative life support system designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the complete recycling of gas, liquid and solid wastes during long distance space exploration. The system ... [more ▼]

MELiSSA is a bioregenerative life support system designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the complete recycling of gas, liquid and solid wastes during long distance space exploration. The system uses the combined activity of different living organisms: microbial cultures in bioreactors, a plant compartment and a human crew. In this minireview, the development of a short-cut ecological system for the biotransformation of organic waste is discussed from a microorganism's perspective. The artificial ecological model—still in full development—that is inspired by Earth's own geomicrobiological ecosystem serves as an ideal study object on microbial ecology and will become an indispensable travel companion in manned space exploration. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat Transparency Can Do When Incentives Fail: An Analysis of Rent Capture
Dabla-Norris, Era; Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in IMF Working Paper (2006), 06/146

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the pervasiveness and persistence of rent seeking, misgovernance, and public sector inefficiency in many developing and transition economies. We formalize evidence from country experiences and empirical studies into a stylized analytical framework that reflects realistic constraints faced in these countries. Our work departs from the standard economic literature by assuming that (i) the relationship between the government and its population is regulated through an implicit social consensus; (ii) traditional incentives (in the form of public expenditure controls, sanctions, or monetary incentives to perform) are, for various reasons, ineffective in many of these countries; and (iii) the persistence of high corruption reflects a very stable equilibrium, which in turn reflects the fact that several constraints are simultaneously binding. We argue that, when traditional incentives fail, transparency—information provision and disclosure, together with the means to use it—by relaxing different constraints, can contribute to improving public outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailCarte hydrogéologique de Wallonie 1/25000. 65/3-4, Bastogne - Wardin et 65/7-8 Fauvillers - Romeldange, notice explicative.
Bouezmarni, Mohamed ULg; Denne, Pierre; Debbaut, Vincent ULg

Book published by Service public de Wallonie, DGARNE - peer reviewed (2006)

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See detailInduccion floral de Arracacha
Blas, S. R.; Julca-Otiniano, A.; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in IDESIA (2006), 24(1), 1-7

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