References of "2006"
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See detailLe travail sur Soi. Vers une psychologisation de la société ?
Vrancken, Didier ULg; Macquet, Claude ULg

Book published by Belin (2006)

Nous sommes entrés dans une société du travail sur Soi. Pour les individus, il s’agit d’être sujets de leur existence, de construire leurs propres parcours de vie, de se chercher à travers des « épreuves ... [more ▼]

Nous sommes entrés dans une société du travail sur Soi. Pour les individus, il s’agit d’être sujets de leur existence, de construire leurs propres parcours de vie, de se chercher à travers des « épreuves sans fin ». Mais ce travail sur Soi, ne s’accomplit pas seul. Il met en scène non seulement l’« autre », à travers la dynamique de l’échange, mais encore tout un ensemble de dispositifs d’intervention qui ont vu le jour au cours de ces dernières décennies pour aider à produire un nouveau type d’individualité plus active, plus responsable. De nouvelles réponses publiques sont apparues, répondant ainsi à la crise des politiques providentielles éducatives, tutélaires ou assistantielles jugées trop passives ou inefficaces. Tout un patient travail avec et sur les personnes s’est déployé, à petits pas, dans les institutions psycho-médico-sociales auprès des personnes les plus vulnérables. Mais au-delà, nombre d’expériences déployées à la marge se sont progressivement diffusées pour alimenter un nouveau mode de gouvernement des personnes sur elles-mêmes, non plus seulement pour protéger ou indemniser les plus faibles mais pour rendre dorénavant les individus acteurs de leur propre existence. Exercice sourd qui est venu faire série avec un long travail accompli dans la quiétude des institutions, tout autant qu’avec leur dépassement critique. C’est cette évolution originale vers la mise sur pied d’un nouveau mode de gouvernement des personnes par elles-mêmes que les auteurs proposent d’examiner, esquissant au passage une comparaison de nos traditions libérales aux États-Unis et en Europe Continentale. [less ▲]

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See detailLittérature populaire et culture de masse en Belgique dans les années 1930. Jean Ray, Georges Simenon, Hergé
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Mollier, Jean-Yves; Sirinelli, Jean-François; Vallotton, François (Eds.) Culture de masse et culture médiatique en Europe et dans les Amériques. 1860-1940 (2006)

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See detailFetal profiles of bovine placental lactogen (PL) and insulin like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF–II) through the late gestation
Alvarez Oxiley, Andrea Vivian ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Sulon, J. et al

in Prooceedings of the 10e Journée de Rencontre Bioforum (2006)

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See detailInsulin Detemir in the Treatment of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Philips, J. C.; Scheen, André ULg

in Vascular Health and Risk Management (2006), 2(3), 277-83

Insulin detemir is a soluble long-acting human insulin analogue at neutral pH with a unique mechanism of action. Following subcutaneous injection, insulin detemir binds to albumin via fatty acid chain ... [more ▼]

Insulin detemir is a soluble long-acting human insulin analogue at neutral pH with a unique mechanism of action. Following subcutaneous injection, insulin detemir binds to albumin via fatty acid chain, thereby providing slow absorption and a prolonged metabolic effect. Insulin detemir has a less variable pharmacokinetic profile than insulin suspension isophane or insulin ultralente. The use of insulin detemir can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (especially nocturnal hypoglycemia) in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. However, overall glycemic control, as assessed by glycated hemoglobin, is only marginally and not significantly improved compared with usual insulin therapy. The weight gain commonly associated with insulin therapy is rather limited when insulin detemir is used. In our experience, this new insulin analogue is preferably administrated at bedtime but can be proposed twice a day (in the morning and either before the dinner or at bedtime). Detemir is a promising option for basal insulin therapy in type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients. [less ▲]

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See detailBarrieres pre-zygotiques chez les hybrides entre formes sauvages du niebe, Vigna unguilata (L.) Walp.
Kouadio, D.; Toussaint, André ULg; Pasquet, R. S. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2006), 10(1), 33-41

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See detailFeasibility of STAP for passive GSM-based radar
Neyt, Xavier; Raout, J.; Kubika, Virginie et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailIdentification of hardening behavior using inverse modeling and image correlation
Lecompte, D.; Cooreman, S.; Sol, H. et al

in Proceedings of the SEM annual conference and exposition 2006 (2006)

The basic principle of an inverse modeling procedure as it is used for parameter identification, is the generation of a complex and heterogeneous deformation field that contains as much information as ... [more ▼]

The basic principle of an inverse modeling procedure as it is used for parameter identification, is the generation of a complex and heterogeneous deformation field that contains as much information as possible about the parameters to be identified. One way of obtaining such a non-homogeneous deformation is by making the geometry of the specimen less regular. Another possibility is to make the loading conditions more complex. In this paper both options are actually combined by using a biaxial tensile test on a cruciform specimen in order to identify the parameters of a Swift isotropic hardening law. The yield criterion is modeled by the isotropic Von Mises criterion. The optimization technique used is a constrained gradient based Newton-type routine, which means that in every iteration step, a sensitivity calculation has to be performed in order to indicate the direction in which the parameters are to be optimized. The functional to be minimized is a least-squares expression of the discrepancy between the measured and the simulated strain fields at a certain load. The numerical routines as well as the identification results, based on simulated strain fields, are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA framework for an optimised groundwater monitoring network and aggregated indicators
Rentier, Céline; Delloye, Francis; Brouyère, Serge ULg et al

in Environmental Geology (2006), 50(2), 194-201

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (EU 2000) requires a groundwater quality monitoring. It is used for characterisation of the 'good' chemical status of each groundwater body and for the ... [more ▼]

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (EU 2000) requires a groundwater quality monitoring. It is used for characterisation of the 'good' chemical status of each groundwater body and for the restoration or protection purposes of those bodies already at 'good' status. Interpretative aspects are lying in the design of monitoring network and in the way of building global indicators. Attention is given here to the global chemical status of the groundwater bodies and to the role of diffuse pollution, much of which is brought via groundwater to surface water. Monitoring 'local' pollution associated with individual sites is not addressed. Groundwater bodies with different contrasted hydrogeology conditions, land use and topography have been considered to establish an approach for choosing an optimised monitoring network. Then, a quality assessment system has been developed and applied for qualifying the general status of each groundwater body. The use of non-dimensional indexes allows us to process with all kinds of chemical parameters in a normalised way and, by means of adequate aggregation rules, to qualify the general quality status of a groundwater body. The obtained diagnostic, even if not fully validated, is closely linked to the pragmatic objectives contained in the EU Water Directive. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of diet form and feeding equipment on feeding behaviour and performance of weaned pigs
Laitat, Martine ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(Sp. Iss. SI), 36-39

Influence of diet form and feeding equipment on feeding behaviour and performance of weaned pigs

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See detailNormalization of transcranial magnetic stimulation points by means of atlas registration
Zosso, D.; Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Davare, M. et al

in Proceedings of 14th European Signal Processing Conference (2006)

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See detailDescartes en Kant
Fichant, Michel; Marion, Jean-Luc; Bouriau, Christophe et al

Book published by Presses universitaires de France (2006)

L'année 2004 fut celle de l'anniversaire du deuxième centenaire de la mort d'Emmanuel Kant. Les deux Centres de recherche des Universités de Lecce et de Paris-Sorbonne qui collaborent habituellement dans ... [more ▼]

L'année 2004 fut celle de l'anniversaire du deuxième centenaire de la mort d'Emmanuel Kant. Les deux Centres de recherche des Universités de Lecce et de Paris-Sorbonne qui collaborent habituellement dans le domaine des études cartésiennes et, plus généralement, de l'histoire de la philosophie moderne, ont à cette occasion associé leurs efforts pour rendre un hommage commun au philosophe allemand, tout en demeurant dans leur domaine privilégié d'investigation. Ce livre contient les travaux issus des deux rencontres internationales qui en ont résulté. Le titre choisi peut dérouter : sa correction grammaticale comme son sens ne vont pas de soi. - De quels noms propres s'agit-il ici ? Evidemment pas de ceux des individus empiriques, qui s'ignoraient, mais de ceux qui désignent, matériellement, deux corpus de textes. Leur confrontation pourrait faire apparaître un complexe idéal de questions, de concepts et de thèses dans ce qu'on appellera, suivant toute l'indétermination des termes, un système de pensée. Autrement dit, l'un et l'autre se répondraient, à un siècle et demi d'écart, sans discussion directe, mais dans la sauvegarde des mêmes interrogations. Quel point de concours réunirait, sans confusion mais sans métaphore, le corpus qu'identifie la marque " Descartes " et celui dont l'étiquette porte le nom de " Kant " ? Il ne s'agit pas seulement d'étudier des questions communes, d'éventuelles polémiques, voire d'hypothétiques influences entre Descartes et Kant. Il est plutôt question, finalement, de reconnaître dans quelle mesure Kant renouvelle le moment cartésien, en sorte que, lorsque Kant pense, Descartes s'avance encore, caché. Caché et déguisé en Kant - Descartes en Kant, comme le portrait de l'artiste en jeune homme. [less ▲]

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See detailProteomics in Myzus persicae: effect of aphid host plant switch.
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Gerkens, Pascal; Harmel, Nicolas ULg et al

in Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2006), 36(3), 219-27

Chemical ecology is the study of how particular chemicals are involved in interactions of organisms with each other and with their surroundings. In order to reduce insect attack, plants have evolved a ... [more ▼]

Chemical ecology is the study of how particular chemicals are involved in interactions of organisms with each other and with their surroundings. In order to reduce insect attack, plants have evolved a variety of defence mechanisms, both constitutive and inducible, while insects have evolved strategies to overcome these plant defences (such as detoxification enzymes). A major determinant of the influence of evolutionary arms races is the strategy of the insect: generalist insect herbivores, such as Myzus persicae aphid, need more complex adaptive mechanisms since they need to respond to a large array of different plant defensive chemicals. Here we studied the chemical ecology of M. persicae associated with different plant species, from Brassicaceae and Solanaceae families. To identify the involved adaptation systems to cope with the plant secondary substances and to assess the differential expression of these systems, a proteomic approach was developed. A non-restrictive approach was developed to identify all the potential adaptation systems toward the secondary metabolites from host plants. The complex protein mixtures were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis methods and the related spots of proteins significantly varying were selected and identified by mass spectrometry (ESI MS/MS) coupled with data bank investigations. Fourteen aphid proteins were found to vary according to host plant switch; ten of them were down regulated (proteins involved in glycolysis, TCA cycle, protein and lipid synthesis) while four others were overexpressed (mainly related to the cytoskeleton). These techniques are very reliable to describe the proteome from organisms such as insects in response to particular environmental change such as host plant species of herbivores. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la législation en matière d’autocontrôle pour les petites entreprises
Belleflamme, Christel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2006)

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See detailPour une consommation alimentaire durable
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2006)

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See detailFlexural response of heterogeneous structures using computational homogenisation
Mercatoris, Benoît ULg; Massart, Thierry J.

in 8th International Conference on Computational Structures Technology (CST2006) (2006)

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See detailThe non-linear refractive index of colloidal PbSe nanocrystals:Spectroscopy and saturation behaviour
Moreels, Iwan; Kockaert, Pascal; Van Deun, Rick et al

in Journal of Luminescence (2006), 121

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See detailA role for sleep in brain plasticity.
Dang Vu, Thien Thanh ULg; Desseilles, Martin ULg; Peigneux, Philippe ULg et al

in Pediatric Rehabilitation (2006), 9(2), 98-118

The idea that sleep might be involved in brain plasticity has been investigated for many years through a large number of animal and human studies, but evidence remains fragmentary. Large amounts of sleep ... [more ▼]

The idea that sleep might be involved in brain plasticity has been investigated for many years through a large number of animal and human studies, but evidence remains fragmentary. Large amounts of sleep in early life suggest that sleep may play a role in brain maturation. In particular, the influence of sleep in developing the visual system has been highlighted. The current data suggest that both Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and non-REM sleep states would be important for brain development. Such findings stress the need for optimal paediatric sleep management. In the adult brain, the role of sleep in learning and memory is emphasized by studies at behavioural, systems, cellular and molecular levels. First, sleep amounts are reported to increase following a learning task and sleep deprivation impairs task acquisition and consolidation. At the systems level, neurophysiological studies suggest possible mechanisms for the consolidation of memory traces. These imply both thalamocortical and hippocampo-neocortical networks. Similarly, neuroimaging techniques demonstrated the experience-dependent changes in cerebral activity during sleep. Finally, recent works show the modulation during sleep of cerebral protein synthesis and expression of genes involved in neuronal plasticity. [less ▲]

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See detailOral antifungal-exacerbated inflammatory flare-up reactions of dermatomycosis: Case reports and review of the literature
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Tassoudji, Nazli ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in American Journal of Clinical Dermatology (2006), 7(5), 327-331

Inflammatory flare-up reactions of some dermatomycoses, particularly those caused by zoophilic fungi, are typical and potentially severe adverse effects following the intake of some oral antifungals ... [more ▼]

Inflammatory flare-up reactions of some dermatomycoses, particularly those caused by zoophilic fungi, are typical and potentially severe adverse effects following the intake of some oral antifungals. However, this condition has not previously been reported with the most frequently used antifungals in dermatology, namely fluconazole, itraconazole, and terbinafine. In this report, we describe five patients, observed over a 10-year period, who presented with inflammatory exacerbations following oral antifungal therapy for dermatomycoses. We also review the literature on inflammatory reactions exacerbated by oral antifungal agents. Details of the patients' age, sex, occupation, and atopic background; the site of the lesion, its clinical and histologic features, and any systemic signs; the identity of the fungal pathogen; the antifungal agent taken by the patient; the time between drug intake and occurrence of the flare-up; the approach to management; and the outcome were documented for each patient. A PubMed literature search was also conducted, focusing on inflammatory exacerbations induced by griseofulvin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, and terbinafine. The patients were four farmers and one veterinarian (all male). All primary lesions were inflammatory dermatophytoses, including one kerion. Inflammatory exacerbation of the skin lesions started 12-24 hours after the intake of oral antifungals. Mild systemic changes, including slight fever and malaise, occurred in two cases. Itraconazole 400 mg/day was implicated as the causative agent in four cases and terbinafine 250 mg/day in one case. Mycologic cultures grew Trichophyton verrucosum in four cases. Antifungal treatment was discontinued in all patients. Oral and topical corticosteroids were administered to the two patients with systemic changes; the other three patients were treated with topical corticosteroids only. Two days after the onset of corticosteroids, lower doses of itraconazole (100 mg/day) and terbinafine (125 mg/day) were reintroduced. All lesions healed after 4-5 weeks. The PubMed search did not identify any articles that described inflammatory exacerbations of dermatomycoses induced by oral antifungals. Inflammatory flare-up of der-matomycoses is a rare but potentially severe cutaneous complication of oral antifungal use. Occupational contact with animals, inflammatory dermatomycoses, and zoophilic fungi represent common features in these patients. Although evidence-based data are not available, clinical experience shows that, in addition to antifungal therapy, topical and/or systemic corticosteroids are helpful to reduce the inflammatory reactions. The cases described in this article represent the first published report of oral antifungal-exacerbated inflammatory flare-up reactions of dermatomycosis in patients taking itraconazole or terbinafine. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhanced pinning and proliferation of matching effects in a superconducting film with a Penrose array of magnetic dots
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Gillijns, W.; Moshchalkov, V. V. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2006), 89(15),

The vortex dynamics in superconducting films deposited on top of a fivefold Penrose array of magnetic dots is studied by means of transport measurements. The authors show that in the low pinning regime ... [more ▼]

The vortex dynamics in superconducting films deposited on top of a fivefold Penrose array of magnetic dots is studied by means of transport measurements. The authors show that in the low pinning regime (demagnetized dots) a few periodic and aperiodic matching features coexist. In the strong pinning regime (magnetized dots) a richer structure of unforeseen periodic and aperiodic vortex patterns appear, giving rise to a clear enhancement of the critical current in a broader field range. Possible stable vortex configurations are determined by molecular dynamics simulations. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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