References of "2006"
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See detailGenomic structure of new Tunisian peach latent mosaic viroid variants.
Hassen, I Fekih; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

in Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences (2006), 71(3 Pt B), 1257-1265

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See detailStrontium ranelate for preventing and treating postmenopausal osteoporosis
O'Donnell, S.; Cranney, A.; Wells, G. A. et al

in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online) (2006), 18(CD00), 5326

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See detailLinkage disequilibrium on the bovine X chromosome: Characterization and use in quantitative trait locus mapping
Sandor, Cynthia ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Hansoul, Sarah ULg et al

in Genetics (2006), 173(3), 1777-1786

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between ... [more ▼]

We herein demonstrate that in the Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle population, microsatellites are as polymorphic on the X chromosome as on the autosomes but that the level of linkage disequilibrium between these markers is higher on the X chromosome than on the autosomes. The latter observation is not compatible with the small male-to-female ratio that prevails in this population and results in a higher gonosomal than autosomal effective population size. It suggests that the X chromosome undergoes distinct selective or mutational forces. We describe and characterize a novel Markovian approach to exploit this linkage disequilibrium to compute the probability that two chromosomes are identical-by-descent conditional on flanking marker data. We use the ensuing probabilities in a restricted maximum-likelihood approach to search for quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting 48 traits of importance to the dairy industry and provide evidence for the presence of QTL affecting 5 of these traits on the bovine X chromosome. [less ▲]

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See detailA fourth level of Frasnian carbonate mounds along the south side of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium)
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Coen-Aubert, M.

in Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre (2006), 76

An additional level of Frasnian mounds has been recognized in the La Boverie quarry at Rochefort and in four boreholes drilled in the Nord quarry at Frasnes, on the south side of the Dinant Synclinorium ... [more ▼]

An additional level of Frasnian mounds has been recognized in the La Boverie quarry at Rochefort and in four boreholes drilled in the Nord quarry at Frasnes, on the south side of the Dinant Synclinorium. It occurs between the Arche and Lion Members belonging respectively to the Moulin Liénaux and Grands Breux Formations, in the middle part of the stage. The new name of La Boverie Member is introduced at the top of the Moulin Liénaux Formation, for the deposits lying between the Arche and Bieumont Members; the latter is the basement of the Lion mound. The same succession has been observed in the sections of Moulin Bayot close to Vodelée, in the southeastern part of the Philippeville Anticlinorium. The La Boverie Member starts with rather deep bioclastic sediments, after the collapse of the carbonate factory at the top of the Arche mound. In the upper part of the lithostratigraphic unit, there is a thin buildup characterized by relatively shallow facies. The solitary rugose corals Macgeea boveriensis n. sp., M. socialis SOSHKINA, 1939 and Sinodisphyllum posterum (IVANIA, 1965) collected in the lower part of the La Boverie Member are described in detail whereas the revision of S. kielcense (ROZKOWSKA, 1979) occurring in the Bieumont Member is also provided. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of diazepam on the efficacy of dual-phase FDG PET imaging.
Zhuang, Hongming; Hustinx, Roland ULg; Alavi, Abass

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2006), 33(2), 228-9230

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See detailVariations in plasma matrix metalloproteinases and placental pregnancy-associated glycoproteins during gestation in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Othmani-Mecif, Khira; Benazzoug, Y.; Jacob, M. P. et al

in World Rabbit Science (2006), 14(1, JAN-MAR), 39-50

Adaptation to pregnancy involves major maternal anatomical, physiological and metabolic modifications to support the mother's metabolic needs and those of the growing foetus. Invasion of embryonic ... [more ▼]

Adaptation to pregnancy involves major maternal anatomical, physiological and metabolic modifications to support the mother's metabolic needs and those of the growing foetus. Invasion of embryonic territories and implantation in humans and other mammals is the result of an active biochemical process. The invasive faculty of cytotrophoblastic cells depends on their capacity to secrete proteolytic enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Many studies have addressed the variations in MMPs in placental tissues, but few have reported on their measurements in plasma. Furthermore, the Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins (PAGs), which are synthesized in the syncytiotrophoblast and used as early markers of pregnancy in domestic and wild animals, have not yet been studied in rabbits. In this study, we attempt to purify PAGs from rabbit placenta using a previously described methodology and to measure their concentrations as well as those of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the plasma throughout pregnancy. In the course of the work, we noted certain modifications of the biochemical parameters in plasma during gestation, essentially in glycemia and lipemia. We detected proteins immunologically-related to PAGs in placental extracts between D-14 to D-21. Until now, it has been impossible to develop a homologous RIA in order to measure PAGs in rabbit plasma, as the recovery of PAGs during the purification procedure was very low and PAGs were undetectable in rabbit plasma using heterologous RIAs. Finally, we demonstrated a rise in MMP-2 and -9 at the middle and the end of the gestation. However, the small variations presented by these matrix metalloproteinases preclude the use of plasma levels of these enzymes as early markers of pregnancy progress in the rabbit. [less ▲]

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See detailHistone deacetylase 7 is involved in the control of angiogenesis by regulating platelet-derived growth factor-β
Mottet, Denis; Bellahcene, Akeila ULg; Deroanne, Christophe et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailSampling strategy for CO2 sampling
Heinesch, Bernard ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailImpact of Mycosphaerella fijiensis toxins on banana antioxidant systems.
Busogoro, J. P.; Olivier, T.; Leiva, M. et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailUn regard sur les activités de l'unité de statistique et informatique de la Faculté Universitaire des Sciences agronomiques de Gembloux
Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (2006), (1), 1-9

Analyse de l'évolution de la gestion d'un service universitaire dont le domaine de compétence est la statistique appliquée.

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See detailDéfinir, normaliser, enseigner les discours universitaires
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Suomela-Salmi, Eija; Dervin, Fred (Eds.) Perspectives interlinguistiques et interculturelles sur le discours académique (2006)

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See detailDevelopment of a chemiotherapy protocol to sanitise banana genotypes infected by banana mild mosaic virus (BanMMV)
Busogoro, J. P.; Vandermolen, M.; Masquelier, L. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailError detection: A study in anaesthesia
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

in Ergonomics (2006), 49(5-6), 517-525

Although error has been shown as the main cause of accidents in complex systems, little attention has been paid to error detection. However, reducing the consequences of error depends largely on error ... [more ▼]

Although error has been shown as the main cause of accidents in complex systems, little attention has been paid to error detection. However, reducing the consequences of error depends largely on error detection. The goal of this paper is to synthesize the existing scientific knowledge on error detection, mostly based on studies conducted in laboratory or self reporting and to further knowledge through the analysis of a corpus of cases collected in a complex system, anaesthesia. By doing this, this paper is better able to describe how this knowledge can be used to improve understanding of error detection modes. An anaesthesia accident reporting system developed and organized at two Belgian University Hospitals was used in order to collect information about the error detection patterns. Results show that detection of errors principally occurred through the standard check (routine monitoring of the environment). Significant relationships were found between the type of error and the error detection mode, and between the type of error and the training level of the anaesthetist who committed the error. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apprentissage en tandem : apprendre une langue étrangère de et avec l'autre
Simons, Germain ULg; Van Hoof, Florence ULg; Dahmen, Manfred et al

Learning material (2006)

De manière très schématique, on peut définir l'apprentissage en tandem de la manière suivante : il s'agit de mettre en contact deux élèves qui ne partagent pas la même langue maternelle et qui souhaitent ... [more ▼]

De manière très schématique, on peut définir l'apprentissage en tandem de la manière suivante : il s'agit de mettre en contact deux élèves qui ne partagent pas la même langue maternelle et qui souhaitent apprendre la langue de l'autre. L'idée de base est que chacun des élèves "enseigne" sa propre langue à son partenaire. On distingue deux formes d'apprentissage en tandem. 1) le tandem à distance ou tandem virtuel qui consiste à demander aux élèves de s'échanger des lettres, des e-mails et/ou divers autres documents (articles de journaux/revues, photos, cassettes vidéo/audio, CD, etc.) 2) le tandem physique qui permet aux élèves de se rencontrer physiquement dans un, voire dans les deux pays partenaires. L'originalité de l'apprentissage en tandem se situe avant tout dans la démarche de systématisation des échanges et dans la méthodologie préconisée pour amener les élèves partenaires à apprendre la langue étrangère de et avec l'autre. [less ▲]

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See detailThe conundrum of the electromagnetic semicircular lipoatrophy
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Kosmetische Medizin (2006)

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See detailL'image du mois. Carcinome basocellulaire chez un patient psoriasique.
Thirion, L.; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(12), 795-6

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See detailSuction and time effects on the behaviour of a reservoir chalk
Priol, Grégoire; De Gennaro, Vincenzo; Delage, Pierre et al

in Van Cotthem, Alain; Charlier, Robert; Thimus, Jean-François (Eds.) EUROCK 2006 - Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics (2006)

Oil reservoir rocks contain various immiscible fluids (oil, water and gas) and they are submitted to elevated temperatures in the oilfield. Hence, they exhibit a typical coupled behaviour where ... [more ▼]

Oil reservoir rocks contain various immiscible fluids (oil, water and gas) and they are submitted to elevated temperatures in the oilfield. Hence, they exhibit a typical coupled behaviour where multiphysics and coupled Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical aspects are predominant. This paper presents some results from researches carried out within the PASACHALK 2 European funded collaborative research. In this research dedicated to subsidence problems in the North sea Ekofisk oilfield, the behaviour of a reservoir chalk containing two immiscible fluids (an organic non polar fluid and water) is considered within the framework of the mechanics of unsaturated soils (no temperature effects considered). In order to account for the mechanical coupled effects related to the two pore fluids, the oil-water suction was considered as an independent stress variable. The paper presents some experimental results describing the combined effect of suction and time on the isotropic compression behaviour of the chalk. A viscoelastoplastic constitutive model based on one hand on the Barcelona BBM elastoplastic model for unsaturated and on the other hand on Perzina’s approach of viscous behaviour of soils is also presented and validated against experimental evidence. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Insurance and Redistribution with Moral Hazard and Adverse Selection
Boadway, Robin; Leite-Monteiro, Manuel; Pestieau, Pierre ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2006), 108(2), 279-298

Rochet (1991) showed that with distortionary income taxes, social insurance is a desirable redistributive device when risk and ability are negatively correlated. This finding is re-examined when ex post ... [more ▼]

Rochet (1991) showed that with distortionary income taxes, social insurance is a desirable redistributive device when risk and ability are negatively correlated. This finding is re-examined when ex post moral hazard and adverse selection are included, and under different informational assumptions. Individuals can take actions influencing the size of the loss in the event of accident (or ill health). Social insurance can be supplemented by private insurance, but private insurance markets are affected by both adverse selection and moral hazard. We study how equity and efficiency considerations should be traded off in choosing the optimal coverage of social insurance when those features are introduced. The case for social insurance is strongest when the government is well informed about household productivity. [less ▲]

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See detailNutritional involment in the biocontrol activity of Aureobasidium pullulans against blue mold on apples
Krimi Bencheqroun, S.; Bajji, M.; Bentata, F. et al

Poster (2006)

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