References of "2006"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Study of Copper and Copper Alloys Runoff in Urban Atmosphere
Sougrati, Moulay Tahar ULg; Jouen, Samuel; Hannoyer, Béatrice

in Welter, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Copper (2006)

The runoff rates of copper and copper alloys CuSn9 and CuSn3Zn9 have been studied along a field exposure of one year in an urban area located in upper Normandy region in northern France. Mass measurements ... [more ▼]

The runoff rates of copper and copper alloys CuSn9 and CuSn3Zn9 have been studied along a field exposure of one year in an urban area located in upper Normandy region in northern France. Mass measurements of samples, analysis of the adherent corrosion layers and runoff rates of metals were carried out throughout the exposure time. Runoff rates turn to be relatively stable during the exposure time. The influence of alloying elements on the copper runoff rate has been studied and it was demonstrated that addition of zinc permit to decrease the amount of copper that releases from the corroded surface by rainfall. Concerning the tin content, no significant influence has been observed on the copper runoff [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeath rate and weakening of honeybees in the southern part of Belgium.
Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg

in Proceedings of the Second European Conference of Apidology (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIl mito culturale di Cartagine nel primo Novecento tra letteratura e cinema
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Alovisio, Silvio; Barbera, Alberto (Eds.) Cabiria & Cabiria (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
See detailEvolution de la législation en matière d’autocontrôle pour les petites entreprises
Belleflamme, Christel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail« Beau comme l’antique ». Pausanias et « l’archaïque »
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Ktema : Civilisations de l'Orient, de la Grèce et de Rome Antiques (2006), 31

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (9 ULg)
See detailAspects of the emergence and diffusion of the for...to-infinitive
Petré, Peter ULg; Cuyckens, Hubert

Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSerum levels of soluble CD163 correlate with the inflammatory process in coeliac disease.
Daly, Adrian ULg; Walsh, C.; Feighery, C. et al

in Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2006), 24(3), 553-9

BACKGROUND: In coeliac disease, following the introduction of a gluten-free diet, monitoring mucosal disease activity requires repeated small intestinal biopsies. If a test measuring a circulating ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In coeliac disease, following the introduction of a gluten-free diet, monitoring mucosal disease activity requires repeated small intestinal biopsies. If a test measuring a circulating inflammatory marker was available, this would be clinically valuable. AIM: To determine if levels of soluble CD163, a scavenger receptor shed by tissue macrophages, correlated with the inflammatory lesion in coeliac disease. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 131 patients with untreated coeliac disease, 40 patients with treated coeliac disease, 92 non-coeliac disease control subjects and 131 healthy controls. A capture enzyme linked immunosorbance assay was established to measure levels of soluble CD163 in sera. The extent of the histological lesion in coeliac biopsies was assessed using a Marsh grading system. RESULTS: Levels of CD163 in untreated coeliac subjects were significantly elevated when compared with the treated coeliac patients, the disease control group and the healthy control subjects (P < 0.0001 in each instance). Moreover, coeliac patients with the most marked histological lesion (Marsh 3) had significantly higher levels of soluble CD163 than patients with Marsh grade 2 lesions (P < 0.0004), with grade 1 lesions (P < 0.0001) and grade 0 lesions (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Measurement of soluble CD163 may be a useful method of monitoring the inflammatory lesion in coeliac disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImidazol(in)ium-2-carboxylates as N-heterocyclic carbene precursors in ruthenium-arene catalysts for olefin metathesis and cyclopropanation
Tudose, Adriana; Demonceau, Albert ULg; Delaude, Lionel ULg

in Journal of Organometallic Chemistry (2006), 691(24-25), 5356-5365

Five imidazol(in)ium-2-carboxylates bearing cyclohexyl, mesityl, or 2,.6-diisopropylphenyl substituents on their nitrogen atoms were prepared from the corresponding N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) by ... [more ▼]

Five imidazol(in)ium-2-carboxylates bearing cyclohexyl, mesityl, or 2,.6-diisopropylphenyl substituents on their nitrogen atoms were prepared from the corresponding N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) by reaction with carbon dioxide. They were characterized by IR and NMR spectroscopies, and by TGA. Their ability to act as NHC precursors for in situ catalytic applications was probed in ruthenium-promoted olefin metathesis and cyclopropanation reactions. When visible light induced ring-opening metathesis polymerization of cyclooctene or cyclopropanation of styrene with ethyl diazoacetate were carried out at 60 degrees C in the presence of [RuCl2(p-cymene)](2), the NHC (.) CO2 adducts and their NHC (.) HX counterparts (X = Cl, BF4) displayed similar activities. When metathesis polymerizations were performed at room temperature, the carboxylates proved far superior to the corresponding imidazol(in)ium acid salts. They displayed the same level of activity as the preformed RuCl2(p-cymene)(IMes) complex, whereas the combination of NHC (.) HX and KO-t-Bu were almost totally inactive. Results obtained for cyclopropanation reactions at room temperature did not show such a large discrepancy of behavior between the two types of adducts. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatient Preference in the Management of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis with Bisphosphonates
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Rabenda, Véronique ULg

in Clinical Interventions in Aging (2006), 1(4), 415-23

The leading treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis are the nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, which are required long term for optimal benefit. Oral bisphosphonates have proven efficacy in ... [more ▼]

The leading treatments for postmenopausal osteoporosis are the nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, which are required long term for optimal benefit. Oral bisphosphonates have proven efficacy in postmenopausal osteoporosis in clinical trials, but in practice the therapeutic benefits are often compromised by patients' low adherence. Nonadherence to bisphosphonate therapy negatively impacts outcomes such as fracture rate; fractures are in turn associated with decreased quality of life. The most common reason cited by patients for their nonadherence is that the strict dosing instructions for bisphosphonates are difficult to follow. One aspect of bisphosphonate administration that can be changed is dosing frequency and several studies have evaluated patient preferences for different dosing schedules. Studies have shown a preference for a weekly bisphosphonate regimen versus daily dosing and it has been demonstrated that this preference for reduced dosing frequency impacts on adherence. Ibandronate is the first nitrogen-containing oral bisphosphonate for osteoporosis that can be administered in a monthly regimen and two robust clinical studies demonstrated a strong patient preference for this monthly regimen versus a weekly regimen. It is important that physicians consider patient preference when prescribing treatment for osteoporosis to ensure that the disease is effectively managed for the long-term benefit of the patient. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCharacterisation of fissured aquifers in the semi-arid region of the mid-Atlas plateau (Oulmès, Morocco)
Orban, Philippe ULg; Ruthy, Ingrid ULg; Elbatloussi, D. et al

in GIRE3D: International Congress on Integrated Water Resources management and Challenges of the Sustainable Development (2006)

The Oulmès plateau (mid-Atlas in Morocco) is known for its groundwater resources in this semi-arid region. In the studied zone (approximately 80 km2), the mineral water of ‘Sidi Ali’ is exploited as well ... [more ▼]

The Oulmès plateau (mid-Atlas in Morocco) is known for its groundwater resources in this semi-arid region. In the studied zone (approximately 80 km2), the mineral water of ‘Sidi Ali’ is exploited as well as the naturally semi-sparkling ‘mineral water of Oulmès’ which are main mineral waters marketed in Morocco. Their sources are located at less than four kilometers from each other. In the same time, the drinking water supply to the local rural populations is far from being sufficient, and even in some places non-existent. In addition the plateau is also the place where many fruit-bearing cultures have been undertaken for a few years. Irrigation and the use of pesticide and herbicide compounds as well as fertilizers could constitute threats for the groundwater quantity and quality and unpleasant consequences are expected for all dependent groundwater end-users. Thus, in this semi-arid zone, an acute problem of sustainable development arises in terms of groundwater quantity and quality. An extended study has involved data collection, measurement campaigns (piezometric levels, sampling & analysis of groundwater), shallow geophysical prospecting, pumping tests, building of a data base, estimation of the recharge spatial distribution and hydrogeological mapping. On the basis of this study, a better understanding is possible about the state and the particular hydrodynamic behaviour of groundwater in the fissured hard-rocks of this plateau. Results are expressed in maps providing explicit and useful information allowing future decisions which can be taken for the welfare of everyone and particularly for the local populations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUtilisation d'un concentré riche en fibres pour la prévention des crises chez le cheval poussif
Bedoret, Denis; de Moffarts, Brieuc; Van Erck, Emmanuelle et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (2006), 38(149), 57-64

"Heaves" is a recurrent allergic inflammatory disease initiated by inhalation of organic dust from hay and litter. Reduction in exposure to dust is the basis of prevention and treatment of attacks in ... [more ▼]

"Heaves" is a recurrent allergic inflammatory disease initiated by inhalation of organic dust from hay and litter. Reduction in exposure to dust is the basis of prevention and treatment of attacks in horses. Substitution of hay by wilted grass silage is recommended but is often not given because of the required high work load and possible risk of botulism. An alternative is the use of fibrous food without forage. Nine "heave" horses were placed in two groups at random. One group received concentrate enriched with short-strand lucerne for six weeks and the other group the reference feed consisting of silage based concentrate. After a period of recovery, the protocol was repeated and the groups reversed. Respiratory and circulatory functions, degree of fatness, feeding time and consumption of water were evaluated. No significant difference in respiratory and circulatory parameters was observed. The feeding time was significantly higher for concentrate enriched with lucerne fibers. A concentrate rich in fibers may limit attacks as does silage, which has risks associated with consumption [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHydrogen atom loss from the benzene cation. Why is the kinetic energy release so large?
Gridelet, E.; Lorquet, Andrée ULg; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry A (2006), 110(27), 8519-8527

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable ... [more ▼]

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable time scale and analyzed by the maximum entropy method. The experimental kinetic energy releases are larger than expected statistically, in contradistinction to what has been observed for the C-X fragmentations of the halogenobenzene cations. H(D) loss from C6H6+ (C6D6+) occurs via a conical intersection connecting the (2)A(2) and (2)A(1) electronic states. Two models are proposed to account for the experimental data: (i) a modified orbiting transition state theory (OTST) approach incorporating electronic nonadiabaticity; (ii) an electronically nonadiabatic version of the statistical adiabatic channel model ( SACM) of Quack and Troe. The latter approach is found to be preferable. It leads to the conclusion that the larger the energy stored in the transitional modes, which partly convert to the relative interfragment motion, the shorter the value of the reaction coordinate at which the adiabatic channels cross, and the larger the probability of undergoing the (2)A(2) -> (2)A(1) transition required for hydrogen loss. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHead Trauma
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Hans, Pol ULg; Brichant, Jean-François ULg

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2006), 57(3), 239-47

this review is to provide the reader with the most commonly accepted principles for the management of head trauma patients. The initial clinical evaluation and resuscitation, radiological evaluation ... [more ▼]

this review is to provide the reader with the most commonly accepted principles for the management of head trauma patients. The initial clinical evaluation and resuscitation, radiological evaluation, monitoring, intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure management, brain protection, associated organ dysfunctions and complications, anaesthetic manage ment and the singularities of paediatric head trauma patients are described, either for the acute phase and the secondary phase of management. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (26 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of the shaping effect on hardness homogeneity by Vickers indentation analysis
Guillaume, Bernard ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2006), 26(15), 3191-3196

In this study, indentation technique (Vickers indentation) has been unconventionally used to evaluate the homogeneity of barium zirconate ceramic samples which have been shaped through different routes ... [more ▼]

In this study, indentation technique (Vickers indentation) has been unconventionally used to evaluate the homogeneity of barium zirconate ceramic samples which have been shaped through different routes. Statistical tools have been used to estimate the con-elation which can be established between heterogeneities within the samples and their shaping ways. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRecommandations européennes (COST B13) en matière de prévention et pour la prise en charge de la lombalgie non spécifique
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Rozenberg, Sylvie; Balagué, Frederico et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2006), 73(Suppl 2), 35-52

Detailed reference viewed: 635 (24 ULg)