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See detailDisruption of COX-2 modulates gene expression and the cardiac injury response to doxorubicin
Neilan, Tomas; Doherty, Glen; Chen, Gang et al

in American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology (2006), 291(2), 532-536

To determine the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity, we administered doxorubicin (Dox) to mice with genetic disruption of COX-2 (COX-2−/−). After treatment with Dox ... [more ▼]

To determine the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity, we administered doxorubicin (Dox) to mice with genetic disruption of COX-2 (COX-2−/−). After treatment with Dox, COX-2−/− mice had increased cardiac dysfunction and cardiac cell apoptosis compared with Dox-treated wild-type mice. The expression of the death-associated protein kinase-related apoptosis-inducing protein kinase-2 was also increased in Dox-treated COX-2−/− animals. The altered gene expression, cardiac injury, and dysfunction after Dox treatment in COX-2−/− mice was attenuated by a stable prostacyclin analog, iloprost. Wild-type mice treated with Dox developed cardiac fibrosis that was absent in COX-2−/− mice and unaffected by iloprost. These results suggest that genetic disruption of COX-2 increases the cardiac dysfunction after treatment with Dox by an increase in cardiac cell apoptosis. This Dox-induced cardiotoxicity in COX-2−/− mice was attenuated by a prostacyclin analog, suggesting a protective role for prostaglandins in this setting. [less ▲]

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See detailTraduction française (et introduction): Rudolf Hermann Lotze, « Le monde des Idées » (Logik. Drittes Buch. Vom Erkennen, Ch. II)
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Philosophie (2006), 91

L’interprétation de la théorie platonicienne des Idées défendue par Hermann Lotze dans le troisième livre de sa "Logik" de 1874 consiste à comprendre la « théorie des deux mondes » à partir de la ... [more ▼]

L’interprétation de la théorie platonicienne des Idées défendue par Hermann Lotze dans le troisième livre de sa "Logik" de 1874 consiste à comprendre la « théorie des deux mondes » à partir de la distinction, à tous égards fondamentale, entre d’une part la validité des vérités, et d’autre part l’être spatio-temporel des choses ou celui, temporel, des représentations. En posant la question de la vérité, la logique n’a affaire ni à des choses, ni à des représentations. Cette thèse a conféré au chapitre sur le « monde des Idées » une signification critique de première importance et en a fait, du même coup, une référence privilégiée pour les partisans d’un antinaturalisme et d’un antipsychologisme logique. [less ▲]

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See detailPsoriasis et arthrite psoriasique
Henno, Audrey ULg; Rausin, Annick ULg; Malaise, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 334-340

Psoriasis is a frequent multifactorial chronic skin disease that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Some patients also present arthritis. Those two complex inflammatory diseases share some of their ... [more ▼]

Psoriasis is a frequent multifactorial chronic skin disease that can lead to a decreased quality of life. Some patients also present arthritis. Those two complex inflammatory diseases share some of their characteristics, but several clinical manifestations can be distinguished in each of them. In addition to classical medications (constituted of topical treatments, methotrexate, ciclosporin and retinoids for cutaneous psoriasis and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or methotrexate for psoriatic arthritis), they are the target of a new generation of therapies: the biologics. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic resonance imaging of canine elbow joint
Saunders; Snaps, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailCapital social et dynamique régionale
Houard, Jean; Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Book published by De Boeck Université (2006)

After broadly introducing the various concepts around the notion of social capital, the book explores rather deeply five related fields through survey data collected at the level of frenchspeaking belgium ... [more ▼]

After broadly introducing the various concepts around the notion of social capital, the book explores rather deeply five related fields through survey data collected at the level of frenchspeaking belgium : education, media, social cohesion, gender, entrepreneurship [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and pharmacological evaluation of some N-arylsulfonyl-N-methyl-N'-(2,2-dimethyl-2-H-1-benzopyran-4-yl)ureas structurally related to cromakalim
Khelili, S.; Lebrun, P.; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (2006), 14

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See detailLa garantie de l'assureur et les intérêts de retard
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Forum de l'Assurance (2006), 77

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See detailThe lymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailIn Vitro Characterization Of The Homogalacturonan-Binding Domain Of The Wall-Associated Kinase Wak1 Using Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Decreux, Annabelle ULg; Thomas, Annick ULg; Spies, B. et al

in Phytochemistry (2006), 67(11), 1068-79

Wall-associated kinase 1--WAK1 is a transmembrane protein containing a cytoplasmic Ser/Thr kinase domain and an extracellular domain in contact with the pectin fraction of the plant cell wall in ... [more ▼]

Wall-associated kinase 1--WAK1 is a transmembrane protein containing a cytoplasmic Ser/Thr kinase domain and an extracellular domain in contact with the pectin fraction of the plant cell wall in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) HEYNH. In a previous paper [Decreux, A., Messiaen, J., 2005. Wall-associated kinase WAK1 interacts with cell wall pectins in a calcium-induced conformation. Plant Cell Physiol. 46, 268-278], we showed that a recombinant peptide expressed in yeast corresponding to amino acids 67-254 of the extracellular domain of WAK1 specifically interacts with commercial non-methylesterified homogalacturonic acid, purified homogalacturonans from Arabidopsis and oligogalacturonides in a calcium-induced conformation. In this report, we used a receptor binding domain sequence-based prediction method to identify four putative binding sites in the extracellular domain of WAK1, in which cationic amino acids were selected for substitution by site-directed mutagenesis. Interaction studies between mutated forms of WAK1 and homogalacturonans allowed us to identify and confirm at least five specific amino acids involved in the interaction with homogalacturonan dimers and multimers. The presence of this homogalacturonan-binding domain within the extracellular domain of WAK1 is discussed in terms of cell wall architecture and signal transduction. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization and tissue-specific expression of two lepidopteran farnesyl diphosphate synthase homologs: Implications for the biosynthesis of ethyl-substituted juvenile hormones
Cusson, M.; Beliveau, C.; Sen, Se. et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics (2006), 65(3), 742758

The sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH) regulates insect development and reproduction. Most insects produce only one chemical form of JH, but the Lepidoptera produce four derivatives featuring ethyl ... [more ▼]

The sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH) regulates insect development and reproduction. Most insects produce only one chemical form of JH, but the Lepidoptera produce four derivatives featuring ethyl branches. The biogenesis of these JHs requires the synthesis of ethyl-substituted farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) by FPP synthase (FPPS). To determine if there exist more than one lepidopteran FPPS, and whether one FPPS homolog is better adapted for binding the builder ethyl-branched substrates/products, we cloned three lepidopteran FPPS cDNAs, two from Choristoneura fumiferana and one from Pseudaletia unipuncta. Amino acid sequence comparisons among these and other eukaryotic FPPSs led to the recognition of two lepidopteran FPPS types. Type-I FPPSs display unique active site substitutions, including several in and near the first aspartaterich motif, whereas type-II proteins have a more "conventional" catalytic cavity. In a yeast assay, a Drosophila FPPS clone provided full complementation of an FPPS mutation, but lepidopteran FPPS clones of either type yielded only partial complementation, suggesting unusual catalytic features and/or requirements of these enzymes. Although a structural analysis of lepidopteran FPPS active sites suggested that type-I enzymes are better suited than type-II for generating ethyl-substituted products, a quantitative real-time PCR assessment of their relative abundance in insect tissues indicated that type-I expression is ubiquitous whereas that of type-II is essentially confined to the JH-producing glands, where its transcripts are ∼20 times more abundant than those of type-I. These results suggest that type-II FPPS plays a leading role in lepidopteran JH biosynthesis in spite of its apparently more conventional catalytic cavity [less ▲]

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See detailLarge-scale groundwater flow and transport modelling : Methodology and application to the Geer basin, Belgium
Orban, Philippe ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg

in Stauffer, Fr.; Dassargues, Alain (Eds.) Quantitative Geology from Multiple Sources: S10 Use of multiple sources in conditioning/calibrating groundwater flow and transport models (2006)

Efficient and sustainable management of water resources should be considered from an integrated way, at the basin scale. For that purpose, physically-based, spatially distributed modelling tools has ... [more ▼]

Efficient and sustainable management of water resources should be considered from an integrated way, at the basin scale. For that purpose, physically-based, spatially distributed modelling tools has turned to be very useful. If regional groundwater flow model have been developed for years now, large scale contaminant transport models are still almost inexistent. The objective of this extended abstract is to present briefly new concepts for large transport modelling, more particularly a modelling approach, the Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell (HFEMC) developed by the Hydrogeology Group of the University of Liège and implemented in the 3D simulator SUFT3D. First steps for the application to the Geer basin are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailTen geleide
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Freespace Nieuwzuid (2006), 6(21), 5

This is an introduction to a special issue of Nieuwzuid on the writing of literary history.

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See detailGenomic structure of new Tunisian peach latent mosaic viroid variants.
Hassen, I Fekih; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

in Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences (2006), 71(3 Pt B), 1257-1265

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See detailIntratissular Lymphaticovenous Anastomoses Demonstrated by Perioperative Intramuscular Injection of 99mtc-Colloids
Heymans, Olivier; Fallais, Charles ULg; Hustinx, Roland ULg

in Lymphatic Research and Biology (2006), 4(1, Spring), 29-33

BACKGROUND: The existence of intratissular lymphaticovenous anastomoses has often been suggested, but it has never been demonstrated. This study aims at demonstrating the presence of such anastomoses ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The existence of intratissular lymphaticovenous anastomoses has often been suggested, but it has never been demonstrated. This study aims at demonstrating the presence of such anastomoses. METHODS AND RESULTS: The free flap model was used to investigate the drainage of radiolabeled colloid particles whose size prevents direct passage to the blood vessels. The tracer was injected into the muscle or the skin during the surgical procedure. Blood samples were sequentially drawn from the venous pedicle over the 30 minutes that followed the tracer injection. The blood samples were counted using a gamma well-counter. In all 14 patients, the venous blood radioactivity steadily increased over time. Radiochemical analyses performed on the blood samples demonstrated that the radioactivity is related to the labeled colloids and not to free pertechnetate. Planar imaging performed 24 hours after the surgical procedure showed a significant liver uptake, and no accumulation in the area of normal lymphatic relays. CONCLUSIONS: As, in the free flap model, there is no lymphatic drainage through the classical pathways whatsoever, and since the size of the radiolabeled particles prevents them from directly entering the blood stream, the results strongly suggest the presence of functional intratissular lymphovenous anastomoses. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of the invasive alien plant Solidago giganteaon primary productivity, plant nutrient content and soil mineral nutrient concentrations
Vanderhoeven, SONIA ULg; Dassonville, Nicolas; Chapuis-Lardy, Lydie et al

in Plant and Soil (2006), 286(1-2), 259-268

Invasion by alien plants can alter ecosystem processes and soil properties. In this study, we compared aboveground productivity, nutrient pools in standing biomass and topsoil (0-0.10 m) mineral nutrient ... [more ▼]

Invasion by alien plants can alter ecosystem processes and soil properties. In this study, we compared aboveground productivity, nutrient pools in standing biomass and topsoil (0-0.10 m) mineral nutrient concentrations between plots invaded by Early Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) and adjacent, uninvaded, vegetation at five sites in Belgium. The five sites were characterised by a resident perennial herbaceous vegetation and spanned a wide range in soil fertility level and floristic composition. Invaded stands consistently had higher (2-3-fold) aboveground productivity and lower mineral element concentrations in standing phytomass. Nutrient pools (calculated as concentration x phytomass) was ca. twice higher in invaded plots, suggesting that S. gigantea might enhance nutrient cycling rates. Impacts on topsoil chemistry were surprisingly modest, with slightly higher nutrient concentrations under the invader. A noticeable exception was phosphorus, which showed higher concentrations of ammonium acetate-extractable fraction in invaded plots in four of five sites. It appears that S. gigantea does not significantly contribute to nutrient uplift from deep soil layers to topsoil, possibly because it does not root much deeper compared to resident vegetation. [less ▲]

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See detailAccounting for heterogeneous variances in multitrait evaluation of Jersey type traits
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Wiggans, G. R.; Thornton, L. L. M. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2006), 89(8), 3143-3151

The multitrait genetic evaluation system for type traits was modified to estimate adjustments for heterogeneous variance (HV) simultaneously with estimated breeding values (EBV) for final score and 14 ... [more ▼]

The multitrait genetic evaluation system for type traits was modified to estimate adjustments for heterogeneous variance (HV) simultaneously with estimated breeding values (EBV) for final score and 14 linear traits. Each variance within herd, year, and parity was regressed toward a predicted variance, which was determined by fitting a model with fixed effects of the mean final score for herd, size of the contemporary group, appraisal month, and year-season and a random effect for herd-appraisal date. Herd-appraisal date was included as a random effect to regress the observed heterogeneity for a given herd-appraisal date toward the fixed effects. Method R was used to estimate variances for the heterogeneity model in each EBV iteration. To evaluate the effect of the adjustment, parent averages were calculated from evaluations with recent appraisals removed. The adjustment slightly improved correlations within birth year between those parent averages and EBV from current data on bulls for most traits, but did not improve correlations for final score, strength, dairy form, teat length, or foot angle. Annual trends for EBV were lower with HV adjustment than for unadjusted EBV for all traits except final score and rump angle for cows and rump width for bulls, which were essentially unchanged. Standard deviations of Mendelian sampling (evaluation minus mean of parent evaluations) declined less over time for HV-adjusted than for unadjusted evaluations. The slope at year 2000 of Mendelian-sampling standard deviations from HV-adjusted evaluations ranged from 10.0% for udder depth to 42.7% for teat length compared with the slope for unadjusted evaluations. This HV adjustment, which was implemented for USDA evaluations in May 2001 for Jerseys and in 2002 for other breeds, improves the accuracy of evaluations, particularly comparisons over time, by accounting for the change in variation. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Foreign Exchange Risk Exposure
Muller, Aline ULg; Verschoor, Willem

in European Financial Management (2006), 12(2), 195-220

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