References of "2006"
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See detaillymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailInfluence of diet form and feeding equipment on feeding behaviour and performance of weaned pigs
Laitat, Martine ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2006), 150(Sp. Iss. SI), 36-39

Influence of diet form and feeding equipment on feeding behaviour and performance of weaned pigs

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See detailThe conundrum of the electromagnetic semicircular lipoatrophy
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; PIERARD, Gérald ULg

in Kosmetische Medizin (2006)

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See detailQue fait la participation pour le développement durable
Mormont, Marc ULg; Mougenot, Catherine ULg; Dasnoy, Christine ULg

in VertigO : la Revue Electronique en Sciences de l'Environnement (2006), 7

Thsi paper examines four case studies of participatory process in the field of environmental policy and decision-making. These cas studies includes cases of popular protest and cases of collaborative ... [more ▼]

Thsi paper examines four case studies of participatory process in the field of environmental policy and decision-making. These cas studies includes cases of popular protest and cases of collaborative management. It argues that participation has to be analysed as processes. these processes are described as de-framing and re-framing processes that induce reformulations of the problems and solutions. Thes reframing results form displacements, social and cognitive, through institutions and scales. By becoming more inclusive, these decision-making processes can contribute to sustainbale development by enlarging spatial and temporal scales of evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailMichel Foucault et l'esthétique de l'existence
Delruelle, Edouard ULg

in Thiaw-Po-Une, Ludivine (Ed.) Questions d'éthique contemporaine (2006)

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See detailEvolution of early eukaryotes
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailBiosignatures morphologiques: quelques pistes de réflexion
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailEquilibrium traffic assignment on large Virtual Networks: Implementation issues and limits for multi-modal freight transport
Jourquin; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

in European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research (2006), 6(3), 205-228

Multi-Modal freight models are traditionally built following the well known “four steps model” in which generation, distribution, modal-split and assignment are seen as separated modules. An alternative ... [more ▼]

Multi-Modal freight models are traditionally built following the well known “four steps model” in which generation, distribution, modal-split and assignment are seen as separated modules. An alternative approach, now implemented in some software, is to represent the multi-modal network by means of a “mono-modal” one, in which each particular transport operation (loading or unloading operation, transhipments ...) is represented by a dedicated “virtual link”, that represents a specific operation in the transportation chain. This approach, promoted by several authors, often referenced to as “super networks” or “virtual networks”, is proven to give interesting results, but has the drawback to generate much larger networks than the pure geographic representation of the studied area. It has also some kind of “hidden trap”, linked to transport distances, that will be presented in this paper and that can only be solved using appropriate assignment techniques. This paper presents some results obtained on a large multi-modal network, using different equilibrium assignment algorithms, in order to test their ability to give an appropriate solution to the “distance trap”. It however concludes that the implementation of classical equilibrium assignment techniques leads to solutions that are barely different from the one obtained by a simple all-or-nothing assignment, opening the way to alternative multi-flow solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations in Transnational Tutoring in Distance Learning: the Form@sup Experience
Volungeviciene, Airina; Leduc, Laurent ULg

in Revue Internationale des Technologies en Pédagogie Universitaire (2006), 3(1-2), 19-27

This paper describes several roles of transnational tutors from the standpoint of two of them, holding different positions in the design of a curriculum based on Distance Learning (Form@sup in its English ... [more ▼]

This paper describes several roles of transnational tutors from the standpoint of two of them, holding different positions in the design of a curriculum based on Distance Learning (Form@sup in its English version). These roles and positions will be presented according to two theoretical models. Particular focus will be placed on the relationship between the Central unit and a transnational tutor representing it locally. [less ▲]

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See detailLa PESD après l'échec constitutionnel européen
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Sur, Serge (Ed.) Annuaire français de relations internationales 2006 (2006)

La crise autour du Traité constitutionnel a épargné la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense. Le Conseil européen va devoir néanmoins récupérer certaines avancées de la PESD qui avait été ... [more ▼]

La crise autour du Traité constitutionnel a épargné la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense. Le Conseil européen va devoir néanmoins récupérer certaines avancées de la PESD qui avait été introduite directement dans ce document à haute valeur symbolique. Au-delà d’une visibilité pragmatique de l’UE en matière de missions civilo-militaires, la PESD pourrait être autant soutenue que fragilisée par de nouvelles configurations organiques imposées par les événements institutionnels européens : structure de coopération ad hoc, noyaux durs, cercles thématiques, union dans l’union. Toutes configurations qui complexifient la lecture d’une Union européenne « sans frontières ». [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la législation en matière d’autocontrôle pour les petites entreprises
Belleflamme, Christel ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2006)

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See detailEU policy applied to the Walloon region
Burny, Philippe ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailImidazol(in)ium carboxylates as N-heterocyclic carbene ligand precursors for Suzuki-Miyaura reactions
Tudose, Adriana; Delaude, Lionel ULg; André, Benoît et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (2006), 47(48), 8529-8533

Simple catalysts formed in situ from palladium acetate and a variety of imidazolium and imidazolinium carboxylates and dithiocarboxylates have been screened in the coupling of aryl halides with trans-2 ... [more ▼]

Simple catalysts formed in situ from palladium acetate and a variety of imidazolium and imidazolinium carboxylates and dithiocarboxylates have been screened in the coupling of aryl halides with trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid. Imidazol(in)ium carboxylates show an excellent activity, which compares to that displayed by the parent imidazol(in)ium chlorides, whereas imidazol(in)ium dithiocarboxylates are poorly efficient. Interestingly, the base employed exerts a profound influence on the trans/cis stereochemistry of the coupling product. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the shaping effect on hardness homogeneity by Vickers indentation analysis
Guillaume, Bernard ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2006), 26(15), 3191-3196

In this study, indentation technique (Vickers indentation) has been unconventionally used to evaluate the homogeneity of barium zirconate ceramic samples which have been shaped through different routes ... [more ▼]

In this study, indentation technique (Vickers indentation) has been unconventionally used to evaluate the homogeneity of barium zirconate ceramic samples which have been shaped through different routes. Statistical tools have been used to estimate the con-elation which can be established between heterogeneities within the samples and their shaping ways. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrogen atom loss from the benzene cation. Why is the kinetic energy release so large?
Gridelet, E.; Lorquet, Andrée ULg; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry A (2006), 110(27), 8519-8527

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable ... [more ▼]

The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable time scale and analyzed by the maximum entropy method. The experimental kinetic energy releases are larger than expected statistically, in contradistinction to what has been observed for the C-X fragmentations of the halogenobenzene cations. H(D) loss from C6H6+ (C6D6+) occurs via a conical intersection connecting the (2)A(2) and (2)A(1) electronic states. Two models are proposed to account for the experimental data: (i) a modified orbiting transition state theory (OTST) approach incorporating electronic nonadiabaticity; (ii) an electronically nonadiabatic version of the statistical adiabatic channel model ( SACM) of Quack and Troe. The latter approach is found to be preferable. It leads to the conclusion that the larger the energy stored in the transitional modes, which partly convert to the relative interfragment motion, the shorter the value of the reaction coordinate at which the adiabatic channels cross, and the larger the probability of undergoing the (2)A(2) -> (2)A(1) transition required for hydrogen loss. [less ▲]

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See detailCPT-11 and concomitant hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy induce efficient local control in rectal cancer patients: results from a phase II
Voelter, V; Zouhair, A; Vuilleumier, H et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2006), 95

Patients with rectal cancer are at high risk of disease recurrence despite neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy with 5-Fluorouracil (5FU), a <br />regimen that is now widely applied. In order to develop a ... [more ▼]

Patients with rectal cancer are at high risk of disease recurrence despite neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy with 5-Fluorouracil (5FU), a <br />regimen that is now widely applied. In order to develop a regimen with increased antitumour activity, we previously established the <br />recommended dose of neoadjuvant CPT-11 (three times weekly 90 mgm 2) concomitant to hyperfractionated accelerated <br />radiotherapy (HART) followed by surgery within 1 week. Thirty-three patients (20 men) with a locally advanced adenocarcinoma of <br />the rectum were enrolled in this prospective phase II trial (1 cT2, 29 cT3, 3 cT4 and 21 cNþ). Median age was 60 years (range 43– <br />75 years). All patients received all three injections of CPT-11 and all but two patients completed radiotherapy as planned. Surgery <br />with total mesorectal excision (TME) was performed within 1 week (range 2–15 days). The preoperative chemoradiotherapy was <br />overall well tolerated, 24% of the patients experienced grade 3 diarrhoea that was easily manageable. At a median follow-up of 2 <br />years no local recurrence occurred, however, nine patients developed distant metastases. The 2-year disease-free survival was 66% <br />(95% confidence interval 0.48–0.83). Neoadjuvant CPT-11 and HART allow for excellent local control; however, distant relapse <br />remains a concern in this patient population. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterisation of fissured aquifers in the semi-arid region of the mid-Atlas plateau (Oulmès, Morocco)
Orban, Philippe ULg; Ruthy, Ingrid ULg; Elbatloussi, D. et al

in GIRE3D: International Congress on Integrated Water Resources management and Challenges of the Sustainable Development (2006)

The Oulmès plateau (mid-Atlas in Morocco) is known for its groundwater resources in this semi-arid region. In the studied zone (approximately 80 km2), the mineral water of ‘Sidi Ali’ is exploited as well ... [more ▼]

The Oulmès plateau (mid-Atlas in Morocco) is known for its groundwater resources in this semi-arid region. In the studied zone (approximately 80 km2), the mineral water of ‘Sidi Ali’ is exploited as well as the naturally semi-sparkling ‘mineral water of Oulmès’ which are main mineral waters marketed in Morocco. Their sources are located at less than four kilometers from each other. In the same time, the drinking water supply to the local rural populations is far from being sufficient, and even in some places non-existent. In addition the plateau is also the place where many fruit-bearing cultures have been undertaken for a few years. Irrigation and the use of pesticide and herbicide compounds as well as fertilizers could constitute threats for the groundwater quantity and quality and unpleasant consequences are expected for all dependent groundwater end-users. Thus, in this semi-arid zone, an acute problem of sustainable development arises in terms of groundwater quantity and quality. An extended study has involved data collection, measurement campaigns (piezometric levels, sampling & analysis of groundwater), shallow geophysical prospecting, pumping tests, building of a data base, estimation of the recharge spatial distribution and hydrogeological mapping. On the basis of this study, a better understanding is possible about the state and the particular hydrodynamic behaviour of groundwater in the fissured hard-rocks of this plateau. Results are expressed in maps providing explicit and useful information allowing future decisions which can be taken for the welfare of everyone and particularly for the local populations. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apport des revues et de la statistique à l'approche des réseaux
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Denis, Benoît; de Marneffe, Daphné (Eds.) Les Réseaux littéraires (2006)

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