References of "2006"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of stilbenoids via the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction catalysed by palladium N-heterocyclic carbene complexes
Tudose, Adriana; Maj, Anna M.; Sauvage, Xavier ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical (2006), 257(1-2), 158-166

The Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of aryl halides with trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid using a series of related in situ generated N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes was studied in order to evaluate ... [more ▼]

The Suzuki-Miyaura reaction of aryl halides with trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid using a series of related in situ generated N-heterocyclic carbene palladium(II) complexes was studied in order to evaluate the effect of ligand structure and electronics on the catalytic activity and to investigate the nature of the catalyst species. The nature of the substituents of the carbene ligand was found to be critical. Specifically, the presence of alkyl groups on the ortho positions of the phenyl substituents was a requisite for obtaining the most efficient catalyst systems. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes laboratoires accrédités saisis par l'incertitude
Feinberg, Max; Laurentie, M.; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNifedipine nanocrystals: pharmacokinetic evaluation in the rat and permeability studies in Caco-2/HT29-5M21 (co)-cultures
Hecq, Julien; Nollevaux, Géraldine; Deleers, M. et al

in Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology (2006), 16(6, NOV-DEC), 437-442

Poorly water-soluble drugs such as nifedipine (NIF) (similar to 20 mu g/mL) offer challenging problems in drug formulation as poor solubility is generally associated with poor dissolution characteristics ... [more ▼]

Poorly water-soluble drugs such as nifedipine (NIF) (similar to 20 mu g/mL) offer challenging problems in drug formulation as poor solubility is generally associated with poor dissolution characteristics and thus with poor oral bioavailability (BCS class H drugs). In order to enhance these characteristics, formulation of NIF as nanocrystals was carried out. NIF nanoparticles (NP) were prepared using high-pressure homogenization (HPH). Solubility and dissolution characteristics have been reported in previous work to be significantly enhanced for NIF NP. Influence of NIF particle size on NIF permeation rate across intestinal cell models (Caco-2 and HT29-5M21 cultures and co-cultures) was investigated in order to complement these promising in vitro data. Apical to basolateral transfer studies were carried out across Caco-2 and HT29-5M21 cultures and co-cultures. Caco-2/HT29-5M21 co-cultures (seeding ratio 3: 1) were evaluated to better represent in vivo intestinal conditions. The influence of chitosan in the NIF NP formulation with regard to in vitro NIF permeation rate was also evaluated. These studies showed that NIF permeation rate across the different in vitro models evaluated can be significantly enhanced (approximate to 6-fold) by formulation of NIF as nanoparticles. No significant difference was observed either in the presence of chitosan in the formulation or between the three cell models evaluated. To complement these observations, preliminary in vivo pharmacokinetic evaluations in Sprague-Dawley rats, in the fed and fasted states, were also carried out for both un-milled NIF and NIF NP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 206 (36 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAntiviral diabetes susceptibility gene
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in International Diabetes Monitor (2006), 18

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSome comments on the Parametric Fire Model of Eurocode 1
Reitgrüber, Stefan; Pérez-Jimenez, Christian; Di Blasi, Colomba et al

Conference (2006)

In this paper, the modifications that have been recently introduced in the parametric fire model of Eurocode 1 are presented. The reasons behind these modifications are given. Some Problems that have been ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the modifications that have been recently introduced in the parametric fire model of Eurocode 1 are presented. The reasons behind these modifications are given. Some Problems that have been discovered in the present formulation are highlighted, namely the fact that the model is not continuous and the fact that the heat release of wood that has been used for the calibration of the model is not consistent anymore with the value that is now recommended in the Eurocode. A proposal is made that makes the model continuous. A new calibration of this modified model has been made on the base of the now recommended value of the heat release of wood with comparison to the results of some 50 full scale experimental fire tests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailStudy of the determinism of the glanded-plant and glandless-seed trait introgressed in G. hirsutum from G. sturtianum. Germplasm and genetic stocks
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Lacape; Ndir, K et al

in Proceedings of the international cotton genome initiative, 18-20 September, 2006, Brazilia, Brazil (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBone-derived mediators and cartilage degradation
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2006), 65(Suppl II), 10

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGeorges Didi-Huberman: vers une intentionnalité inversée ?
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in La part de l'oeil (2006), 21-22

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInter- and intra-guild interactions related to aphids in nettle (Urtica dioica L.) strips closed to field crops.
Alhmedi, A.; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2006), 71(2 Pt B), 413-23

A field experiment designed to assess the biodiversity related to nettle strips closed to crops, and more particularly the aphid and related beneficial populations, was established in experimental farm ... [more ▼]

A field experiment designed to assess the biodiversity related to nettle strips closed to crops, and more particularly the aphid and related beneficial populations, was established in experimental farm located in Gembloux (Belgium). Margin strips of nettle (Urtica dioica) closed to wheat (Triticum aestivum), green pea (Pisum sativum) and rape (Brassicae napus) fields were investigated. The diversity, abundance of aphids and related predators were analysed according to the plant crop species and the differential pesticide application (treated plot and control). Insects were visually observed every week during all the cultivation season. Two main families of aphidophagous predators were found in all field crops and nettle, the Coccinellidae and Syrphidae. The diversity of the aphidophagous predators was shown to be higher on nettle than in field crops, particularly the Chrysopidae, the Anthocoridae and the Miridae. However, a striking difference of ladybird abundance was observed according to the aphid host plant. In one side, Coccinella septempunctata was much more abundant on Acyrthosiphon pisum infested green pea than on the other host plant species. At the opposite, higher occurrence of Harmonia axyridis was observed on the aphid infested nettle plants than on the crop plants. In particular, none of H. axyridis was found in wheat crop. Also, more than only a significant positive correlation between predator and aphid abundance, specialised relations between particular aphid species and some so-called generalist predators was determined in the fields. Finally, intraguild interactions between the aphidophagous predators was assessed and shown that only a significant negative correlation between Episyrphus balteatus and H. axyridis related to the nettle aphid, Micrlophium carnosum, was observed. The relative distribution of the ladybirds, namely C. septempunctata and H. axyridis according to the host plant, nettle strips and crop plots was discussed in relation to integrated pest management approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFluctuations dans la sensibilité à l’enrofloxacine des populations nasales chez le porcelet au cours d’un traitement parentéral
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Janssen, L.; Bimazubute, M. et al

in Proceedings: 3ème Colloque International Francophone de Bactériologie Vétérinaire (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNew Role For Hpar-1 Kinases Emk And C-Tak1 In Regulating Localization And Activity Of Class Iia Histone Deacetylases
Dequiedt, Franck ULg; Martin, Maud ULg; Von Blume, Julia et al

in Molecular and Cellular Biology (2006), 26(19), 7086-102

Class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) are found both in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus where they repress genes involved in several major developmental programs. In response to specific signals, the ... [more ▼]

Class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) are found both in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus where they repress genes involved in several major developmental programs. In response to specific signals, the repressive activity of class IIa HDACs is neutralized through their phosphorylation on multiple N-terminal serine residues and 14-3-3-mediated nuclear exclusion. Here, we demonstrate that class IIa HDACs are subjected to signal-independent nuclear export that relies on their constitutive phosphorylation. We identify EMK and C-TAK1, two members of the microtubule affinity-regulating kinase (MARK)/Par-1 family, as regulators of this process. We further show that EMK and C-TAK1 phosphorylate class IIa HDACs on one of their multiple 14-3-3 binding sites and alter their subcellular localization and repressive function. Using HDAC7 as a paradigm, we extend these findings by demonstrating that signal-independent phosphorylation of the most N-terminal serine residue by the MARK/Par-1 kinases, i.e., Ser155, is a prerequisite for the phosphorylation of the nearby 14-3-3 site, Ser181. We propose that this multisite hierarchical phosphorylation by a variety of kinases allows for sophisticated regulation of class IIa HDACs function. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDie Zikadenmetapher in Ingeborg Bachmanns Die Zikaden: Lebensflucht und Lebensmut
Vanhaegendoren, Koen ULg

in Seminar : a Journal of Germanic Studies (2006), 42(2), 135-154

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (1 ULg)
See detailEvolution of a dozen non-CO2 greenhouse gases above Central Europe since the mid-1980s.
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Demoulin, Philippe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDéchiffrer Vénus. Renaissance et âge classique
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Journal de la Renaissance. IV (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetic and electronic properties of Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30
Woods, G. T.; Marti; Beekman, M. et al

in Physical Review b (2006), 73(17),

Magnetization, static and ac magnetic susceptibility, nuclear forward scattering, and electrical resistivity measurements have been performed on polycrystalline Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30, a type I clathrate that has ... [more ▼]

Magnetization, static and ac magnetic susceptibility, nuclear forward scattering, and electrical resistivity measurements have been performed on polycrystalline Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30, a type I clathrate that has divalent strontium and europium ions encapsulated within a Ga-Ge framework. These data are compared with those of type I clathrates Eu8Ga16Ge30 and Eu6Sr2Ga16Ge30. The ferromagnetic ordering of these Eu-containing clathrates is substantially altered by the incorporation of strontium, as compared to Eu8Ga16Ge30. Ferromagnetism, accompanied by a relatively large negative magnetoresistance, is observed below 15 and 20 K in Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30 and Eu6Sr2Ga16Ge30, respectively. An effective magnetic moment of 7.83 mu(B) per Eu ion is observed above 30 K for Eu4Sr4Ga16Ge30, a moment which is close to the free-ion moment of 7.94 mu(B) per europium(II) ion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)