References of "2006"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTiming and efficacy of transmitter release at mossy fiber synapses in the hippocampal network
Bischofberger, J; Engel, Dominique ULg; Frotscher, M et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2006), 453(3), 361-72

Full Text
See detailAutomates et vérification
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Encyclopédie de l'informatique et des systèmes d'information (2006)

La vérification de programmes consiste à analyser les comportements possibles de programmes en vue de déterminer s’ils seront toujours conformes à ce qui est attendu. Pour ce faire, les caractéristiques ... [more ▼]

La vérification de programmes consiste à analyser les comportements possibles de programmes en vue de déterminer s’ils seront toujours conformes à ce qui est attendu. Pour ce faire, les caractéristiques souhaitées des comportements sont exprimées formellement et confrontées, par des techniques mathématiques rigoureuses, à l’ensemble des comportements du programme à analyser. Dans ce contexte, les automates jouent un triple rôle. Tout d’abord, ils sont fréquemment utilisés en tant que langage de programmation simplifié pour décrire les programmes à analyser. Ensuite, ils servent de formalisme de description de propriétés de comportements, soit directement, soit par traduction à partir d’un langage logique. Finalement, ils s’avèrent très utiles en tant que formalisme de description d’ensembles infinis de valeurs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRetouched Bloom Filters: Allowing Networked Applications to Flexibly Trade Off False Positives Against False Negatives
Donnet, Benoît ULg; Baynat, Bruno; Friedman, Timur

in ACM CoNEXT (2006, December)

Where distributed agents must share voluminous set mem- bership information, Bloom filters provide a compact, though lossy, way for them to do so. Numerous recent networking papers have examined the trade ... [more ▼]

Where distributed agents must share voluminous set mem- bership information, Bloom filters provide a compact, though lossy, way for them to do so. Numerous recent networking papers have examined the trade-offs between the bandwidth consumed by the transmission of Bloom filters, and the er- ror rate, which takes the form of false positives, and which rises the more the filters are compressed. In this paper, we introduce the retouched Bloom filter (RBF), an extension that makes the Bloom filter more flexible by permitting the removal of selected false positives at the expense of gen- erating random false negatives. We analytically show that RBFs created through a random process maintain an overall error rate, expressed as a combination of the false positive rate and the false negative rate, that is equal to the false positive rate of the corresponding Bloom filters. We further provide some simple heuristics that decrease the false posi- tive rate more than than the corresponding increase in the false negative rate, when creating RBFs. Finally, we demon- strate the advantages of an RBF over a Bloom filter in a dis- tributed network topology measurement application, where information about large stop sets must be shared among route tracing monitors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutobiographical memory in non-amnesic alcohol-dependent patients
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Verbanck, Paul et al

in Psychological Medicine (2006), 36(12), 1707-1715

Background. Chronic alcohol abuse is associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits. However, little is known about memory for real-life events (autobiographical memory) in non-amnesic alcoholic ... [more ▼]

Background. Chronic alcohol abuse is associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits. However, little is known about memory for real-life events (autobiographical memory) in non-amnesic alcoholic patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate (a) non-amnesic alcoholics' ability to recall specific autobiographical memories and (b) their subjective experience when they access specific memories.Method. Twenty non-amnesic (without Korsakoff syndrome) recently detoxified alcoholics and 20 healthy controls completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT), which assesses the frequency of specific (versus general) memories recalled in response to cue words, and the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (MCQ), which assesses subjective experience (e.g. the amount of sensory and contextual details experienced) when remembering specific events.Results. Alcoholic patients recalled specific memories less frequently and general memories more frequently than healthy controls. Nevertheless, when a specific past event was accessed, alcoholic patients subjectively experienced as many sensory and contextual details as controls.Conclusions. These findings suggest that non-amnesic alcoholics have difficulties strategically accessing event-specific autobiographical knowledge, which might result from changes in frontal lobe function that are associated with alcoholism. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Dilcher, D. L.; Bergamaschi, S. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 123-130

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian ... [more ▼]

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian, Early Devonian). This nearly complete specimen consists of five dichotomous axes attached at their base to a small thalloid(?) structure. Each terminal axis segment ends in an expanded, cup-like, empty tip. Three interpretations of the specimen are proposed. (1) The whole specimen is a gametophyte of the Sciadopkyton-type, with a central area from which five axes depart; under this interpretation, the terminal cups are gametangiophores. (2) The basal structure represents the remains of a rhizome bearing five upright aerial axes, in which case the whole plant is a sporophyte. (3; our favoured hypothesis) The specimen is a cluster of five individual sporophytes still attached to the remains of a small female or bisexual gametophyte. In the latter case, this fossil is evidence that reduced thalloid gametophytes and branched axial sporophytes are plesiomorphic among the earliest eutracheophytes. We suggest that a major difference in life cycle defines a basal dichotomy in tracheophytes. Eutracheophyta, including all living vascular plants, have a heteromorphic, sporophyte dominant alternation of generations, whereas their extinct sister-group Rhymopsida (renamed here Paratracheophyta) is characterised by a more or less isomorphic alternations of generations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage: La Guerre en chansons. Textes réunis par François Genton.
Peere, Isabelle ULg

in Lied und Populäre Kultur = Song and Popular Culture (2006), 50/51

A review of an interdisciplinary and multi-dimensional panorama on the relevance of 'borders' (cultural, political, ideological) in relation to major European social and political events viewed through ... [more ▼]

A review of an interdisciplinary and multi-dimensional panorama on the relevance of 'borders' (cultural, political, ideological) in relation to major European social and political events viewed through the testimonies of French, German, Austrian, Rumanian and Russian song [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPreface: A tribute to Muriel Fairon-Demaret
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 61-61

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConcrete removal techniques: influence on residual cracking and bond strength
Bissonnette, Benoit; Courard, Luc ULg; Vaysburd, Alex et al

in Concrete International (2006), 28(12), 49-55

The aim of concrete surface preparation prior to repair is to obtain a surface with properties close to that of the bulk concrete. In this paper, the results of an investigation intended to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

The aim of concrete surface preparation prior to repair is to obtain a surface with properties close to that of the bulk concrete. In this paper, the results of an investigation intended to evaluate the mechanical degradation induced by different surface preparation techniques are presented. Optical microscope observations clearly show that more cracking is induced with jack-hammers than with the other investigated techniques and that the cracking density increases with the hammer weight. While more information is needed to evaluate quantitatively the effects of concrete removal operations, it appears from the reported results that techniques such as sandblasting, scarifying and water jetting are preferable, as they clearly leave much less defects in the substrate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental tests for the Babu-Zee two-loop model of Majorana neutrino masses
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg; Hirsch, M.

in Journal of High Energy Physics [=JHEP] (2006), 0612

The smallness of the observed neutrino masses might have a radiative origin. Here we revisit a specific two-loop model of neutrino mass, independently proposed by Babu and Zee. We point out that current ... [more ▼]

The smallness of the observed neutrino masses might have a radiative origin. Here we revisit a specific two-loop model of neutrino mass, independently proposed by Babu and Zee. We point out that current constraints from neutrino data can be used to derive strict lower limits on the branching ratio of flavour changing charged lepton decays, such as μ→eγ. Non-observation of Br(μ→eγ) at the level of 10^(−13) would rule out singly charged scalar masses smaller than 590 GeV (5.04 TeV) in case of normal (inverse) neutrino mass hierarchy. Conversely, decay branching ratios of the non-standard scalars of the model can be fixed by the measured neutrino angles (and mass scale). Thus, if the scalars of the model are light enough to be produced at the LHC or ILC, measuring their decay properties would serve as a direct test of the model as the origin of neutrino masses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailComment construire l'identité professionnelle dans les métiers de l'humain ?
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Jardon, Dorothée

in Puzzle (2006), 21

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAn introduction to robotics - mechanical aspects
Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Géradin, Michel ULg

Learning material (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment je traite ... une grossesse extra-uterine
Degee, S.; Dricot, J. F.; Lamborelle, S. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(12), 797-803

Nowadays, the management of ectopic pregnancy should be codified as often as possible. Two types of treatment are possible. One surgical and the other medical. Our study is concerned with a series of 97 ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, the management of ectopic pregnancy should be codified as often as possible. Two types of treatment are possible. One surgical and the other medical. Our study is concerned with a series of 97 patients hospitalized for suspicion of ectopic pregnancy for whom the risk factors and treatment were analyzed. Our conclusion is that the medical treatment should be more frequently proposed and surgery should prefer the conservative treatment whenever it is still possible. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAngiogenic activity of human chorionic gonadotropin through LH receptor activation on endothelial and epithelial cells of the endometrium
Berndt, Sarah ULg; PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2006), 20(14), 2630-2632

Successful embryo development requires an extensive endometrial angiogenesis in proximity of implantation site. The glycoprotein hCG is produced even before implantation by trophoblast in normal pregnancy ... [more ▼]

Successful embryo development requires an extensive endometrial angiogenesis in proximity of implantation site. The glycoprotein hCG is produced even before implantation by trophoblast in normal pregnancy. In this manuscript, we demonstrate an angiogenic effect of hCG in several in vivo (chick chorioallantoic membrane, matrigel plug assay, aortic ring assay) and in vitro experimental models. In contrast, human placental lactogen (hPL) did not display angiogenic properties. LH/hCG receptor was detected in endothelial cells by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by Western blotting. In mice aortic ring assay, angiostimulation by hCG was abrogated by deletion of LH/hCG receptor (LuRKO mice). Use of recombinant hCG and anti-hCG antibody (Ab) further confirmed the specificity of this angiogenic activity. By using dibutyryl cAMP, adenylate cyclase, or protein kinase A inhibitors, we demonstrate that hCG-mediated angiogenesis involves adenylyl-cyclase-protein kinase A activation. Addition of hCG to endometrial epithelial epithelial cells, but not to cultured endothelial cells, stimulated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF and hCG also displayed additive activities. Altogether, these data demonstrate that peritrophoblastic angiostimulation may result from a paracrine dialogue between trophoblast, epithelial, and endothelial cells through hCG and VEGF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntérêt actuel de l'étude des poisons de flèches : synthèse des connaissances
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Etnopharmacologia- Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ethnopharmacologie et de la Société Européenne d'Ethnopharmacologie (2006), (38), 43-49

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCrystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast by counter-diffusion and preliminary X-ray study
Maes, D.; Crabeel, M.; Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section F-Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications (2006), 62(Part 12), 1294-1297

A study is presented on the crystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast, which catalyzes the fifth step in microbial arginine synthesis. The use of the counter-diffusion technique removes ... [more ▼]

A study is presented on the crystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast, which catalyzes the fifth step in microbial arginine synthesis. The use of the counter-diffusion technique removes the disorder present in one dimension in crystals grown by either the batch or hanging-drop techniques. This makes the difference between useless crystals and crystals that allow successful determination of the structure of the protein. The crystals belong to space group P4, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 66.98, c = 427.09 angstrom, and a data set was collected to 2.76 angstrom. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
See detailLa presbyphonie - Le vieillissement de la voix
Remacle, Marc; Zaarour, Stéphanie; Soh-Ping, Eng et al

in Klein-Dallant, Carine (Ed.) Voix parlée et chantée (2006)

Les changements causés par le vieillissement se déroulent à un rythme différent pour chaque personne et dépendent de facteurs comme le style de vie, les activités et l'environnement ainsi que des facteurs ... [more ▼]

Les changements causés par le vieillissement se déroulent à un rythme différent pour chaque personne et dépendent de facteurs comme le style de vie, les activités et l'environnement ainsi que des facteurs comme le bagage génétique et l'état de santé.La presbyphonie est le terme employé pour définir le vieillissement de la voix. Elle s'observe le plus souvent après 60 ans et touche les deux sexes. Ce trouble vocal est la conséquence d'altérations morphologiques et fonctionnelles des systèmes pneumo-phono-articulatoires qui résultent d'une modification hormonale (thyroïdienne et sexuelles), d'une altération de l'état musculaire, vasculaire, nerveux ou respiratoire, ou encore d'un manque d'exercice vocal. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1428 (28 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA long-term, open-label trial of the safety and efficacy of etanercept (Enbrel) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis not treated with other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs
Klareskog, L.; Gaubitz, M.; Rodriguez-Valverde, V. et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2006), 65(12), 1578-1584

Objective: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: 549 patients entered this 5-year, open-label extension study and received etanercept ... [more ▼]

Objective: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: 549 patients entered this 5-year, open-label extension study and received etanercept 25 mg twice weekly. All patients showed inadequate responses to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs before entry into the double-blind studies. Safety assessments were carried out at regular intervals. Primary efficacy end points were the numbers of painful and swollen joints; secondary variables included American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response rate, Disease Activity Score and acute-phase reactants. Efficacy was analysed using the last-observation-carried-forward approach. Results: Of the 549 patients enrolled in the open-label trial, 467 (85%), 414 (75%) and 371 (68%) completed 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively; 363 (66%) remained in the study at the time of this analysis. A total exposure of 1498 patient-years, including the double-blind study, was accrued. In the open-label trial, withdrawals for efficacy-related and safety-related reasons were 11% and 13%, respectively. Frequent adverse events included upper respiratory infections, flu syndrome, rash and injection-site reactions. Rates of serious infections and malignancies remained unchanged over the course of the study; there were no reports of patients with central demyelinating disease or serious blood dyscrasias. After 3 years, ACR20, ACR50 and ACR70 response rates were 78%, 51% and 27%, respectively. The Disease Activity Score score was reduced to 3.0 at 3 months and 2.6 at 3 years from 5.1. A sustained improvement was found in Health Assessment Questionnaire scores throughout the 3-year time period. Conclusion: After 3 years of treatment, etanercept showed sustained efficacy and a favourable safety profile. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of an intubation dose of rocuronium on Spectral Entropy and Bispectral Index (TM) responses to laryngoscopy during propofol anaesthesia
Hans, Pol ULg; Giwer, Jérôme ULg; Brichant, Jean-François ULg et al

in British Journal of Anaesthesia (2006), 97(6), 842-847

Background. The spectral entropy of the electroencephalogram has been proposed to monitor the depth of anaesthesia. State Entropy (SE) reflects the level of hypnosis. Response Entropy (RE), computed from ... [more ▼]

Background. The spectral entropy of the electroencephalogram has been proposed to monitor the depth of anaesthesia. State Entropy (SE) reflects the level of hypnosis. Response Entropy (RE), computed from electroencephalogram and facial muscle activity, reflects the response to nociceptive stimulation. We evaluated the effect of rocuronium on Bispectral Index (TM) (BIS) and entropy responses to laryngoscopy. Methods. A total of 25 patients were anaesthetized with propofol using a target-controlled infusion. At steady state, they randomly received 0.6 mg kg(-1) rocuronium (R) or saline (S). After 3 min, a 20 s laryngoscopy was applied. BIS, RE and SE were recorded continuously and averaged over 1 min during baseline, at steady state, 2 min after R or S administration (R/S+2) and 0, 1, 2 and 3 min after laryngoscopy (L0, L1, L2, L3). Results. At R/S+2, the RE-SE gradient was higher in Group S than in Group R. Laryngoscopy provoked an increase in BIS, RE and SE. Comparing R/S+2 and L0 values in Groups R and S, BIS increased from 43 (6) to 49 (8) and 42 (9) to 51 (15), SE increased from 43 (7) to 50 (8) and 41 (10) to 55 (12), and RE increased from 46 (8) to 54 (9) and 47 (12) to 66 (15), respectively. BIS and SE did not differ between groups. At L0, RE and RE-SE were higher in Group S [66 (15) and 11 (4), respectively] than in Group R [54 (9) and 4 (2), respectively]. Conclusions. Rocuronium alters the RE-SE gradient and the RE and RE-SE responses to laryngoscopy. Muscle relaxation may confound interpretation of entropy monitoring. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg)
See detailMicro-macro mechanical modeling of bone-implant interface by means of the homogenization theory
Amor, Nadia; Van Cleynenbreugel, Tim; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

Poster (2006, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)