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See detailHighly ordered mesoporous CMI-n materials and hierarchically structured meso-macroporous compositions
Su, B.-L.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Yuan, Z.-Y.

in Comptes Rendus Chimie (2005), 8(3-4), 713-726

The present review outlines the research work realized during last the 10 years in our laboratory in the field of the conception of new nanostructured porous materials, from mesoporous silicas and metal ... [more ▼]

The present review outlines the research work realized during last the 10 years in our laboratory in the field of the conception of new nanostructured porous materials, from mesoporous silicas and metal oxides to hierarchical meso-macroporous compounds with various compositions (single and binary metal oxides and aluminosilicates, aluminophosphates and silicoaluminophosphates). An accent was especially made on the evolution in the development of new synthesis strategies for the introduction of a hierarchy in one solid body with and without surfactant molecules. © 2005 Académie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLate Famennian correlation by miospores between the Refrath 1 Borehole (Bergisch Gladbach-Paffrath Syncline, Germany) and the reference section of Chanxhe (Dinant Syncline, Belgium).
Streel, Maurice ULg; Hartkopf-Fröder, C

in Carnets de Géologie = Notebooks on Geology (2005), Memoir 2005/02(10),

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See detailPhylogéographie du complexe d'espèces Brassica oleracea
Aigoin, Delphine ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2005)

The aim of this work is to clarify the genetic relationship between the species of the complex Brassica sect. oleracea and to suggest a historical scenario of cabbage domestication. We collected 79 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work is to clarify the genetic relationship between the species of the complex Brassica sect. oleracea and to suggest a historical scenario of cabbage domestication. We collected 79 accessions, corresponding to 2 to 5 individus for each of the 11 taxons of this complex. Three types of molecular markers were studied on these individuals : two nuclear genes (sequencing of Adh and G3pdh genes), for microsatellite loci, and AFLP markers. Only the first two types of markers were used for phylogenetic reconstructions. Overall there is little consistency among markers and among studies. However a few solid results can be outlined, such as 1/ the grouping of endemic species from Sicilia (B. rupestris, B. villosa, B. macrocarpa), 2/ the grouping of cultivated accesions with the taxon B. oleracea, suggesting a unique domestication event. Considerations from the various phylogenetic reconstructions, from morphological data, and from historical records, suggest that such domestication event first occured in the mediterranean islands, and that the presently «wild» populations of the atlantic coast were in fact probably produced from these domesticated populations. [less ▲]

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See detailLittérature
Denis, Benoît ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailGenomic screening and replication in one data set in family-based association testing
Lange, C.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg; McQueen, M. et al

in Conference Abstract Book (2005)

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See detailVerbes préfixés et concurrences syntaxiques chez Tacite
Longrée, Dominique ULg

in Moussy, Claude (Ed.) La composition et la préverbation en latin (2005)

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See detailLe role des virus dans la pathogenie du diabete de type 1
Brilot, F.; Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(5-6, May-Jun), 297-302

The precise role of viral infections in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes is still the subject of an important discussion. Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) is the virus the most implicated by a series of ... [more ▼]

The precise role of viral infections in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes is still the subject of an important discussion. Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) is the virus the most implicated by a series of epidemiological studies. Pathogenic mechanisms underlying such a relationship implicate a molecular mimicry between CVB4 sequences and beta-cell autoantigens, but mainly a persistent CVB4 infection of pancreatic beta cells followed by a release of sequestered beta antigens and a "bystander" activation of autoreactive T cells. The demonstration of intrathymic expression of antigens specific of peripheral tissues has opened a novel research perspective. We have shown that CVB4 is able to infect in a persistent and producive manner human thymic epithelial cell cultures and human fetal thymic lobes in organotypic cultures. This infection induces an important thymic dysfunction characterized by a severe depletion of thymocytes (thymic T cells) and an up-regulated expression by thymic epithelial and T cells of class I proteins encoded by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I). Such thymic dysfunction might be responsible for a decrease of beta-cell central self-tolerance and anti-CVB4 cytotoxic CD8 T-cell activity. CVB4-induced thymic dysfunction would contribute in close association with the peripheral "bystander" effect to the destruction of insulin-secreting islet beta cells and to the development of type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality evaluation - A challenge for online courses and catalogues
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Gard, Ellen (Ed.) EMDEL : A model for valorization of eLearning in a knowledge society (2005)

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See detailSome effects of limestone fillers as a partial substitute for cement in mortar composition
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Banthia, N. (Ed.) Third International Conference on construction materials: performance, innovations and structural implications (2005)

Limestone filler is a raw material that is already used in several applications like paints, bricks, bituminous mixes, … Moreover, and particularly in Belgium, classical additions like fly ashes and blast ... [more ▼]

Limestone filler is a raw material that is already used in several applications like paints, bricks, bituminous mixes, … Moreover, and particularly in Belgium, classical additions like fly ashes and blast furnace slags become rare. There is a need for new additions that could have a positive effect on the properties of the fresh and hardened cementitous composites. Substitution of limestone filler in Portland cement and blast furnace slag cement has been realized between 15 and 30% in mass. In addition to the characterization of the powder itself – specific mass, specific surface and laser granulometry – the problem of the water demand has been analysed: it seems that it remains constant with the substitution rate. Electric conductivity has also been performed in order to study the evolution of the “dormant” period. Tests on hardened mortars concerned the mechanical properties, the evolution of the porosity and the durability. The K factor indicates a higher value and the porosity seems to be better in the case of blast furnace slags cements, partially due to a very low diameter of the slags particles. Oxygen permeability doesn’t seem to be influenced by the filler while capillary absorption increases with substitution rate. Finally, chloride penetration, sulphate resistance and carbonation rate show quite interesting behaviours, leading to the conclusion that this material needs again more investigations in order to define optimum application conditions in cementitous matrixes [less ▲]

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See detailSUGAR-1 Spectrometry in Ultraviolet of GAlaxies at Redshift-1
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Alvarez, C.; Boschini, L. et al

in Final Papers, 56th IAC 2005, Fukuoka, Japan (2005)

This paper describes the outcome of the work performed during the 28th Alpbach Summer School, focused on the theme The Birth, Life and Death of Stars. We propose a mission consisting of a large aperture ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the outcome of the work performed during the 28th Alpbach Summer School, focused on the theme The Birth, Life and Death of Stars. We propose a mission consisting of a large aperture (3.5m main mirror diameter) UV space telescope, with capabilities for imaging and low, medium and high resolution spectroscopy. Even though such a telescope can have multiple scientific applications, we suggest a survey-type mission (SUGAR-1), dedicated mainly to the spectroscopic study of starburst galaxies at redshift z ~ 1, which corresponds to an epoch of enhanced star formation density in the history of the Universe and, in particular, to the time when our Solar System was born. Stars are the fundamental building blocks of galaxies. A major aspect of understanding galaxy formation and evolution is to understand their star formation history. Starburst galaxies are galaxies experiencing intense star forming activity and exhibiting strong UV emission from a young, hot stellar population. The study of starbursts helps us to understand the star formation process, and its influence on the environment and processes in the interstellar gas. The study of the star formation rate (SFR) at various redshifts is possible from the intensities of the H, H, OII and OIII lines, and the luminosity of the UV continuum. These can be used to generate Madau plots, which are diagnostic. Madau plots indicate that a peak of star formation in the history of the Universe occurred at z ~ 1, which corresponds to -5 Gyr, i.e. the moment of the birth of our own Solar System. Observations of this era will enable us to investigate the initial conditions in galaxies like ours when the formation was triggered. By observing a large number of galaxies at 0.4 < z < 1.1, we can learn about the properties of the star formation processes and the conditions of the interstellar medium (ISM) and its chemical properties at this moment of enhanced star formation. Spectroscopy and imaging in the UV will have a great impact on galaxy evolution modeling, since they will provide insight on whether the time corresponding to z = 1 was a time of massive galaxy formation, or if the massive star formation of that time took place in already established galaxies, which were formed at a much earlier stage in the evolution of the Universe. Moreover, studies of the Universe at z ~ 1 are of cosmological relevance, because according to the Cosmological Standard Model, it is precisely at z ~ 1 when the Universe underwent a phase transition from ΩMatter being larger than ΩDarkEnergy, to the opposite. Therefore, to investigate this interesting time in the evolution of the Universe, we suggest the construction of a dedicated UV telescope with a pre-defined science mission to perform Spectrometry in Ultraviolet GAlaxies at Redshift-1 (SUGAR-1). In what follows, a more detailed description of the mission science goals is given. We will show how the science goals are transformed into science requirements for the mission, which are turned into telescope and instrument requirements. Then a brief description will be given of the main technical aspects of the mission (spacecraft structure, electronics, power and orbit). The spacecraft mass and cost budgets of the mission are addressed, ending with a final summary. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantum theory of the cold-atom micromaser including gravity
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Martin, John ULg

in Physical Review. A (2005), 72

The quantum theory of the cold-atom micromaser including the effects of gravity is considered. We show that gravity does not break the special properties of the induced emission probability for the ... [more ▼]

The quantum theory of the cold-atom micromaser including the effects of gravity is considered. We show that gravity does not break the special properties of the induced emission probability for the micromaser in the cold atom regime and rather new effects are predicted. In particular, we show that the cavity acts in the gravity field as an additional repulsive and attractive potential, resulting in quasibound states of the atomic motion. This feature gives rise to fine resonances in the induced emission probability that are not restricted to any particular cavity mode function, in contrast to the usual cold-atom micromaser. It is also shown that the atom is able to emit a photon inside the cavity, though classically it does not reach the interaction region. Predictions about the photon number statistics when the cavity is pumped by a flux of excited atoms are finally given. Unusual highly nonclassical "dragon" distributions are still predicted in the vertical geometry. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical and genetic features of familial pituitary adenomas.
Daly, Adrian ULg; Jaffrain-Rea, M. L.; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Hormone & Metabolic Research (2005), 37(6), 347-54

Inherited or familial pituitary tumor syndromes such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Carney complex provide an important insight into the genetics and molecular pathology of endocrine cancers ... [more ▼]

Inherited or familial pituitary tumor syndromes such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Carney complex provide an important insight into the genetics and molecular pathology of endocrine cancers. Our understanding of these conditions is expanding rapidly due to the identification of the genes and proteins affected and the availability of murine knockout models. The successes achieved to date in understanding multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and Carney complex have helped in the identification and study of new inherited pituitary tumor syndromes such as isolated familial somatotropinomas. This review assesses the current status of research into the clinical features, genetics and molecular pathologies of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Carney complex, and isolated familial somatotropinomas, and details ongoing work to delineate familial isolated pituitary adenomas, a potentially new clinical entity. [less ▲]

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See detailBlood-oxygen binding in healthy Standardbred horses
Cambier, Carole ULg; Di Passio, N.; Clerbaux, T. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2005), 169(2), 251-256

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and jugular venous blood in healthy Standardbred horses. The results were compared to those previously obtained in humans and cattle, using the same experimental method. The partial oxygen pressure at 50% saturation of haemoglobin, measured under standard conditions (standard P50), was 24.8 +/- 2.0 (SD of mean) mm Hg. This value was similar to the cattle standard P50 (25.0 +/- 1.4 mm Hg, SD of mean) but lower than the human standard P50 (26.6 +/- 1.2 mmHg, SD of mean) previously reported using the same experimental method. The effects of regulating factors on the standard OEC were also determined, and a major effect of pH and temperature was noted. In contrast, partial carbon dioxide pressure played only a minor role in horses, compared to cattle and humans. No significant correlation was found between phosphate and chloride concentrations and standard P50. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of canine and feline uroliths in the Benelux. A retrospective study 1994-2005
de Lovinfosse, T.; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Picavet, P. et al

in Proceedings of the 9th Congress ESVCN (2005)

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See detailLa "fausse grippe" ou le syndrome inflammatoire des voies aeriennes du cheval de sport
Art, Tatiana ULg; Van Erck, Emmanuelle ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Nouveau Praticien Vétérinaire Equine (2005), (24-juin/juillet/août), 24-28

Objectif: prévenir, reconnaître et traiter le syndrome inflammatoire des voies aériennes du cheval de sport.

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See detailDiversity of Ecosystems and Coastal Ocean CO2 Fluxes
Borges, Alberto ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailPre-Cambrian to Palaeozoic Palaeopalynology and Palaeobotany
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Carnets de Géologie = Notebooks on Geology (2005), Mémoir 2005/02

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See detailGeochemistry of cumulates from the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (S. Norway). Part II. REE and the trapped liquid fraction
Charlier, Bernard ULg; Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULg; Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg

in Lithos (2005), 83(3-4), 255-276

Rare earth elements in bulk cumulates and in separated minerals (plagioclase, apatite, Ca-poor and Ca-rich pyroxenes, ilmenite and magnetite) from the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (Rogaland ... [more ▼]

Rare earth elements in bulk cumulates and in separated minerals (plagioclase, apatite, Ca-poor and Ca-rich pyroxenes, ilmenite and magnetite) from the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (Rogaland Anorthosite Province, SW Norway) are investigated to better define the proportion of trapped liquid and its influence on bulk cumulate composition. In leuconoritic rocks (made up of plagioclase, Ca-poor pyroxene, ilmenite, magnetite, olivine), where apatite is an intercumulus phase, even a small fraction of trapped liquid significantly affects the REE pattern of the bulk cumulate, together with cumulus minerals proportion and composition. Contrastingly, in gabbronoritic cumulates characterized by the presence of cumulus Ca-rich pyroxene and apatite, cumulus apatite buffers the REE content. La/Sm and Eu/Eu* VS. P2O2 variations in leuconorites display mixing trends between a pure adcumulate and the composition of the trapped liquid, assumed to be similar to the parental magma. Assessment of the trapped liquid fraction in leuconorites ranges from 2 to 25% and is systematically higher in the north-eastern part of the intrusion. The likely reason for this wide range of TLF is different cooling rates in different parts of the intrusion depending on the distance to the gneissic margins. The REE patterns of liquids in equilibrium with primitive cumulates are calculated with mass balance equations. Major elements modelling (Duchesne, J.C., Charlier, B., 2005. Geochemistry of cumulates from the Bjerkreiin-Sokndal layered intrusion (S. Norway): Part I. Constraints from major elements on the mechanism of cumulate formation and on the jotunite liquid line of descent. Lithos. 83, 299-254) permits calculation of the REE content of melt in equilibrium with gabbronorites. Partition coefficients for REE between cumulus minerals and a jotunitic liquid are then calculated. Calculated liquids from the most primitive cumulates are similar to a primitive jotunite representing the parental magma of the intrusion, taking into account the trapped liquid fraction calculated from the P2O5 content. Consistent results demonstrate the reliability of liquid compositions calculated from bulk cumulates and confirm the hypothesis that the trapped liquid has crystallized as a closed-system without subsequent mobility of REE in a migrating interstitial liquid. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAccounting for heterogeneous variances in multi-trait evaluation of Jersey type traits
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Wiggans, G. R.; Thornton, L. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2005), 88(Suppl. 1), 11-11

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