References of "2005"
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See detailA web-based service for the real time assessment and forecast of Space Weather effects on GNSS applications
Warnant, René ULg; Bavier, Michaël; Lejeune, Sandrine et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailAxes rotation during simple shear test: Measurement and predictions
Lelotte, Thomas; Gerday, Anne-Françoise ULg; Flores, Paulo et al

in Oñate, E.; Owen, D. R. J. (Eds.) Proceedings of the VIII International Conference on Computational Plasticity (COMPLAS VIII) (2005)

For a simple shear test, the finite element (FE) local frame, that stays orthogonal, does not follow the anisotropic material frame. To study this effect, FE simulations have been compared with ... [more ▼]

For a simple shear test, the finite element (FE) local frame, that stays orthogonal, does not follow the anisotropic material frame. To study this effect, FE simulations have been compared with experimental results (optical and texture measurements) and it was shown that it is necessary to take into account the effect of texture updating for local axes rotation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe regime alimentaire chez le patient diabetique de type 2
Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(5-6, May-Jun), 391-4

The goal of medical nutrition therapy in type 2 diabetic patients is to achieve optimal metabolic control of blood glucose levels as well as of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as the the lipid ... [more ▼]

The goal of medical nutrition therapy in type 2 diabetic patients is to achieve optimal metabolic control of blood glucose levels as well as of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as the the lipid profile. Carbohydrate and monounsaturated fat together should provide 60-70% of energy intake. The monounsaturated fat content should be individualized according to the metabolic profile and the habits of the patient. The use of low-glycaemic index foods may be recommended. Less than 10% of energy intake should be derived from saturated fats. Diabetic patients with LDL cholesterol > or = 100 mg/dl may benefit from lowering saturated fat intake to < 7% of energy intake. [less ▲]

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See detailLes adipocytokines: lien entre obesite, diabete de type 2 et atherosclerose?
Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Tappy, L.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(5-6, May-Jun), 369-73

Adipose tissue, in addition to the storage of lipids function for lipids, plays active roles in normal metabolic homeostasis and in the development of several diseases, such as type 2 diabetes ... [more ▼]

Adipose tissue, in addition to the storage of lipids function for lipids, plays active roles in normal metabolic homeostasis and in the development of several diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipaemia and atherosclerosis. These roles are mediated by adipocytokines, factors secreted by adipose tissue. These include tumor necrosis factors (TNF)-alpha, leptin, resistin, adiponectin or visfatin. Adipocytokines act in an autocrine, paracrine and endocrine manner. Adiponectin is a peculiar adipocytokine because in contrast to the markedly increased levels of leptin, resistin or TNF-alpha in obesity, its level is negatively correlated with body mass index, and is decreased in presence of insulin resistance and in type 2 diabetes. Adiponectin may play a crucial role in the development of diabetes mellitus and high adiponectin levels should protect against impairment of glucose metabolism. Moreover, adipocytokines are involved in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases and may represent a link between obesity, diabetes, inflammation and atherosclerosis. Weight loss, exercise and some antidiabetic drugs also influence plasma adipocytokines levels. For instance, thiazolidinediones treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes resulted in an increased in plasma adiponectin levels and a decrease in circulating TNF-alpha concentrations. [less ▲]

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See detailSequential administration of epirubicin and paclitaxel for advanced breast cancer. A phase I randomised trial.
Focan, C.; Graas, M. P.; Beauduin, M. et al

in Anticancer Research (2005), 25(2B), 1211-7

Forty-six previously untreated patients with advanced breast cancer were eligible for the present randomised phase I study. It aimed to evaluate the toxicity and activity of a therapeutic sequence with ... [more ▼]

Forty-six previously untreated patients with advanced breast cancer were eligible for the present randomised phase I study. It aimed to evaluate the toxicity and activity of a therapeutic sequence with epirubicin on day 1 followed by paclitaxel on day 2 (sequence A) or the reverse sequence, ie., paclitaxel on day 1 followed by epirubicin on day 2 (sequence B). The starting doses of epirubicin and paclitaxel, administered either according to sequence A or B, (level 1 cohort) were 90 mg/m2 and 175 mg/m2, respectively. Per cohort of 3 patients, the dose of paclitaxel was increased by 25 mg/m2 (levels 2 and 4) and of epirubicin by 10 mg/m2 (levels 3 and 5). Treatment was repeated with 3-week intervals. The maximal tolerated dose (MTD) was achieved at level 1 in sequence B (paclitaxel first) and level 3 (epirubicin 100 mg/m2 followed by paclitaxel 200 mg m2) in sequence A. Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) was neutropenia (+/- febrile) in both sequences. Cardiac events occurred in 28% of the patients; significant decrease in left ventricular ejection function (LVEF) was observed in 8/33 and in 2/13 patients in sequence A and B, respectively. This was associated with 5 and 1 cardiac heart failure (CHF), respectively. In 43 evaluable patients, 10 CR and 25 PR were observed (overall response rate 81%). In the 20 patients with locally advanced disease (LABC), the respective numbers were 7 CR and 11 PR; in the 23 metastatic (MBC) patients, 3 CR and 14 PR were recorded. The median survival of the both groups was not reached at 33 + months. In conclusion , the combination of epirubicin and paclitaxel has significant activity in breast cancer. The recommended sequence of both drugs in combination therapy, mainly to avoid neutropenia, is epirubicin day 1 followed by paclitaxel on day 2. Cardiac toxicity remains problematic in either sequence of administration. [less ▲]

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See detailRestauration ou falsification ? Le "Saint Jérôme pénitent" attribué à Albert Bouts conservé au Musée de l’Art wallon à Liège
Falque, Ingrid ULg

in Leodium (2005), 118

Cet article livre une analyse approfondie d’un tableau désormais conservé au musée Grand Curtius à Liège. Jadis attribuée à Albert Bouts, cette œuvre doit aujourd’hui être attribuée à un anonyme flamand ... [more ▼]

Cet article livre une analyse approfondie d’un tableau désormais conservé au musée Grand Curtius à Liège. Jadis attribuée à Albert Bouts, cette œuvre doit aujourd’hui être attribuée à un anonyme flamand actif vers 1530. En outre, les analyses de laboratoire que j’ai effectuées sur le tableau ont montré qu’il a subi une importante campagne de falsification dans le courant du XIXe ou du XXe siècle. [less ▲]

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See detailEn milieu scolaire : de la victimisation à l'agression et inversement
Born, Michel ULg

in Gaillard, B. (Ed.) Les violences en milieu scolaire et éducatif, connaître, prévenir, intervenir (2005)

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See detailViolences exercées sur les jeunes filles dans les familles d'origine étrangère
Born, Michel ULg

in Délinquance des jeunes et justice des mineurs (2005)

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See detailEmergence of bovine Ehrlichiosis in Belgium
Guyot, Hugues ULg; Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailAssessing donor chimerism level among CD3 T, CD4 T, CD8 T, and NK cells predicts subsequent graft rejection, GVHD, and relapse after allogeneic HCT with nonmyeloablative conditioning
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Storb, R.; Gooley, T. et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2005), 11(2), 11

We previously showed that low levels of day-14 CD3 T and NK (CD56) cells donor chimerism predicted graft rejection, whereas high levels of day-28 CD3 T-cell donor chimerism predicted acute graft-versus ... [more ▼]

We previously showed that low levels of day-14 CD3 T and NK (CD56) cells donor chimerism predicted graft rejection, whereas high levels of day-28 CD3 T-cell donor chimerism predicted acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after HCT with nonmyeloablative conditioning. Here we investigate whether assessing chimerism levels among CD4 T cells and CD8 T cells, and also the absolute number of lymphocyte subsets of donor and host origins, would lend greater precision to our initial observations. We analyzed data from 157 patients receiving HCT after conditioning with 2 Gy TBI +/− fludarabine as treatment for AML (n= 22), ALL (n= 4), CML (n= 13), CLL (n= 19), MDS (n= 26), MM (n= 24), NHL (n= 30), HD (n= 14), RCC (n= 4), and WASP deficiency (n= 1). Postgrafting immunosuppression included MMF and CSP. A total of 97 patients received grafts from HLA-identical siblings, and 60 patients received grafts from HLA-matched unrelated donors. Lymphocyte subsets were isolated from peripheral blood by flow cytometry on days 14, 28, and 42. The proportion of cells of donor origin (chimerism levels) were assessed by VNTR-PCR and quantified by phosphor imaging. Eighteen patients (11%) had graft rejection. Day-14 donor chimerism levels< 50% among CD3 T (P =.0007), CD4 T (P =.03), and NK cells (P =.003) but not CD8 T cells predicted graft rejection. High absolute numbers of CD3 T (P =.002) and NK cells (P= .002) of host origin on day 14 were each associated with increased risks of graft rejection when treated as continuous linear variables. Grades 2, 3, and 4 acute GVHD were seen in 40%, 9%, and 5% of patients, respectively. High donor chimerism levels on day 14 among CD3 T (P= .02), CD4 T (P =.03), and CD8 T cells (P =.02) but not NK cells were each associated with increased risks of grades 2–4 acute GVHD. High absolute numbers of CD4 T (P =.04) and CD8 T cells (P =.04) of donor origin on days 14–42 were each associated with increased risks of grade 2–4 acute GVHD when treated as continuous linear variables, whereas high donor CD3 T (P= .002), CD8 T (P= .006), and NK cell (P= .002) chimerism levels from days 14–42 were associated with decreased risks of relapse. No statistically significant correlations between absolute numbers of donor cells and risks of relapse were found. These data suggest that assessing CD3, CD4, CD8, and NK cell donor chimerism levels and determining absolute numbers of CD3 and NK cells of host and donor origins are useful for predicting HCT outcomes after nonmyeloablative conditioning. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrélation de la densité minérale osseuse de l’os spongieux du fémur et du T2* chez l’enfant
Schwartz, Cédric ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2005)

La maladie de Legg-Calvé-Perthes est une maladie infantile qui a pour origine une ischémie du noyau épiphysaire fémoral supérieur. Cette pathologie évolue naturellement vers la guérison mais souvent avec ... [more ▼]

La maladie de Legg-Calvé-Perthes est une maladie infantile qui a pour origine une ischémie du noyau épiphysaire fémoral supérieur. Cette pathologie évolue naturellement vers la guérison mais souvent avec des déformations irréversibles de la tête fémorale. Le travail du médecin est de limiter au maximum ces complications. L’équipe d’imagerie vasculaire et biomécanique de l’UMR CNRS 6600 à l’Université de Technologie de Compiègne souhaite créer un modèle biomécanique de la hanche de l’enfant afin de proposer au médecin un outil de pronostic de l’évolution de la maladie et ainsi l’aider dans son choix de traitement. La création d’un modèle biomécanique implique la connaissance de la géométrie de la tête fémorale et des propriétés mécaniques des tissus qui la composent, c’est- à - dire de l’os cortical, de l’os spongieux et du cartilage. L’objet de cette étude est d’obtenir la densité minérale osseuse (DMO) de l’os spongieux à partir de la mesure du temps de relaxation transverse apparent T2*. L’interface de deux matériaux de susceptibilité magnétique différente (l’os et la moelle) crée des inhomogénéités dans le champ magnétique ayant pour conséquence un déphasage plus rapide des protons et donc un temps de relaxation plus petit. L’idée de ce travail est de proposer une méthode permettant de corréler la DMO au T2* au niveau de la hanche de l’enfant. Nous avons développé un modèle permettant de simuler en 2D et en 3D l’influence de différentes structures sur le T2*. Ces simulations nous ont conduit à appréhender les différents paramètres influant sur la valeur du T2* (l’orientation des travées, la différences de susceptibilité magnétique, ...). Ce travail nous a permis de mettre en avant l’importance qu’il y avait à prendre en compte la présence de deux types de moelle (jaune et rouge) dans la tête fémorale de l’enfant et l’orientation des travées. La corrélation en elle-même pourra être réalisée à l’aide d’un fantôme composé de cylindres de diamètre proche de l’épaisseur des travées osseuses. [less ▲]

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See detailCanonical framework for describing suboptimum methods for radar STAP
De Grève, Sébastien; Lapierre, Fabian D.; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailValorisation des petits bois rouges en Région wallonne
Hebert, Jacques ULg; Bailly, Francine; Brunin, Emmanuelle et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2005), 75(75), 19-31

La forêt wallonne offre aujourd'hui une quantité limitée mais cependant significative de bois rouges de petites dimensions. Malheureusement, ceux-ci ne trouvent généralement pas acquéreur à des prix ... [more ▼]

La forêt wallonne offre aujourd'hui une quantité limitée mais cependant significative de bois rouges de petites dimensions. Malheureusement, ceux-ci ne trouvent généralement pas acquéreur à des prix raisonnables. Cet état de fait tient à une série de griefs, justifiés ou non, attribués à ces produits et sur lesquels nous souhaitons nous arrêter ici. [less ▲]

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See detailApolipoprotein L-1 Promotes Trypanosome Lysis By Forming Pores In Lysosomal Membranes
Perez-Morga, David; Vanhollebeke, Benoit; Paturiaux-Hanocq, Françoise et al

in Science (2005), 309(5733), 469-72

Apolipoprotein L-I is the trypanolytic factor of human serum. Here we show that this protein contains a membrane pore-forming domain functionally similar to that of bacterial colicins, flanked by a ... [more ▼]

Apolipoprotein L-I is the trypanolytic factor of human serum. Here we show that this protein contains a membrane pore-forming domain functionally similar to that of bacterial colicins, flanked by a membrane-addressing domain. In lipid bilayer membranes, apolipoprotein L-I formed anion channels. In Trypanosoma brucei, apolipoprotein L-I was targeted to the lysosomal membrane and triggered depolarization of this membrane, continuous influx of chloride, and subsequent osmotic swelling of the lysosome until the trypanosome lysed. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of the Nitrate Directive in Belgium : the Agricultural Surface Survey
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Bontemps, Pierre-Yves; Lambert, Richard et al

in Schröder, J. J.; Neeteson (Eds.) N management in agrosystems in relation to the Water Framework Directive (2005)

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See detailVariabilité spatio-temporelle de l’albédo. Analyse menée à la résolution métrique
Van Durme, G.; Erpicum, Michel ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2005), 46

Albedo is a climatic factor that has been barely studied and thus is badly understood. However, it has a certain influence on our climate. This influence is especially visible in case of land use changes ... [more ▼]

Albedo is a climatic factor that has been barely studied and thus is badly understood. However, it has a certain influence on our climate. This influence is especially visible in case of land use changes, such as deforestation. The aim of the study presented in this paper is to increase the current knowledge on albedo and the factors that influence it. To achieve this, a field survey was conducted. Not all factors could be studied during the field campaign; among those that were effectively observed, the most important ones – those that were responsible for the biggest changes in albedo – were the development of vegetation, the presence of snow and the daily variation of the height of the sun. [less ▲]

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See detailNear real-time assessment of the ionospheric effect on navigation based on DGPS corrections
Lejeune, Sandrine; Warnant, René ULg; Barré, Aline et al

in Proceedings of Beacon Satellite Symposium 2004 (2005)

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See detailCatalytic applications of transition metal N-heterocyclic carbene complexes bearing nitrogen-containing substituents
Sauvage, Xavier ULg; Tudose, Adriana; Delfosse, Sébastien et al

Poster (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)