References of "2005"
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See detailPredicting survival using health related quality of life scores in glioblastoma cancers: Findings from an international phase III randomised controlled trial.
Bottomley, A.; Taphoorn, M.; Coens, C. et al

in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2005), 23(16S), 9601

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See detailAcides gras et métabolisme énergétique des muscles squelettiques chez le bovin
Cuvelier, Christine ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2005), 149(4), 188-201

Energy metabolism of skeletal muscles in cattle is characterized by several specificities, mostly related to particularities of the digestive physiology. Energy metabolism of muscles relies on ... [more ▼]

Energy metabolism of skeletal muscles in cattle is characterized by several specificities, mostly related to particularities of the digestive physiology. Energy metabolism of muscles relies on preferential utilization of some nutrients, such as volatile fatty acids and ketone bodies on the one hand, and glucose on the other hand, the contribution of non-esterified long chain fatty acids being limited. As for other species, nutrients utilization is influenced by the nature of muscle fibers, leading to preferential metabolic pathways. Energy metabolism can be either more oxidative, oxido-glycolytic, or glycolytic. Close relationships are found between energy metabolism, chemical composition of muscle - more particularly its fat level - and organoleptic quality of meat. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel treatments for drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome).
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg

in International Archives of Allergy & Immunology (2005), 136(3), 205-16

Drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a life-threatening disease characterized by extensive destruction of the epidermis. It apparently results from the formation of specific toxic drug ... [more ▼]

Drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a life-threatening disease characterized by extensive destruction of the epidermis. It apparently results from the formation of specific toxic drug metabolites by the keratinocytes. The mortality rate which averages 25-30% is mainly due to secondary septicemia, and to ionic and metabolic disturbances following loss of epidermal integrity. Apoptosis is the likely mechanism leading to massive keratinocyte death in TEN. Dysregulations in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) pathway, CD95 system (Fas ligand, CD95L; Fas receptor, CD95R) and calcium homeostasis in the epidermis are involved in this apoptotic process. An active role has also been ascribed to T lymphocytes, macrophages and factor XIIIa-positive dermal dendrocytes. Despite progress, treatment of TEN remains controversial. In the past, systemic glucocorticoids were used in order to target the inflammatory reaction in TEN. However, there was no evidence for improvement of the healing process, while corticosteroids worsened the prognosis by increasing the risk of septicemia. Only a few cases have been treated with other drugs including cyclophosphamide, pentoxyfilline, thalidomide, anti-TNF-alpha antibodies and cyclosporin A. In the recent past, some TEN patients were treated with intravenous human immunoglobulins (IVIG). The rationale for such a treatment was to block the CD95 system on keratinocytes. The early promising clinical results of IVIG treatment in TEN were subsequently challenged. This review compares the effectiveness and drawbacks of the major drugs presently used in TEN treatment. Some future prospects in TEN management are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLa consommation de pommes de terre en Belgique
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Matendo, Sadrac; Burny, Philippe et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailCurl-conform source fields in finite element formulations - Automatic construction of a reduced form
Dular, Patrick ULg

in Compel-the International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (2005), 24(2 Sp. Iss. SI), 364-373

Purpose - This paper proposes an automatic procedure to characterize discrete source fields. Design/methodology/approach - A technique is developed to characterize curl-conform fields to be used as source ... [more ▼]

Purpose - This paper proposes an automatic procedure to characterize discrete source fields. Design/methodology/approach - A technique is developed to characterize curl-conform fields to be used as source fields or non-local basis functions in finite element formulations. A reduced characterization of such fields using curl-conform finite elements is defined. An automatic construction of these curl-conform spaces is proposed. Findings - A reduced characterization of such fields is shown to be convenient for the coupling with complementary reaction fields and for simply and explicitly defining non-local quantities, such as currents in h-conform magnetodynamic formulations. The reduced form rests on the choice of supports for the fields limited to reduced cut spaces associated with cuts making the definition domain simply connected. Originality/value - Develops a procedure to simplify the construction of curl-conform source fields. [less ▲]

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See detailConséquences psychologiques et neuropsychologiques de lésions cérébrales consécutives à un traumatisme crânien
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; QUINET, Magali

Conference given outside the academic context (2005)

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See detailPotato tuber sprouting and wound-healing: the effect of a catalase inhibitor.
Bajji, M.; Gastiny, F.; Du Jardin, Patrick ULg

in Acta Horticulturae (2005), (684),

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See detailAutoimmune-associated lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase is a gain-of-function variant.
Vang, Torkel; Congia, Mauro; Macis, Maria Doloretta et al

in Nature genetics (2005), 37(12), 1317-9

A SNP in the gene PTPN22 is associated with type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves thyroiditis, Addison disease and other autoimmune disorders. T cells from carriers of the predisposing ... [more ▼]

A SNP in the gene PTPN22 is associated with type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves thyroiditis, Addison disease and other autoimmune disorders. T cells from carriers of the predisposing allele produce less interleukin-2 upon TCR stimulation, and the encoded phosphatase has higher catalytic activity and is a more potent negative regulator of T lymphocyte activation. We conclude that the autoimmune-predisposing allele is a gain-of-function mutant. [less ▲]

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See detailRaymond Bouillenne
Gaspar, T; Streel, Maurice ULg; Bernier, G et al

in Annuaire de l’Académie Royale de Belgique (2005)

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See detailFast 2D model-to-image registration using vanishing points for sports video analysis
Hayet, Jean-Bernard; Piater, Justus ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailEtude par radiopistage de la territorialité chez le martin pêcheur (Alcedo atthis): cas de deux mâles voisins
Hurner, H; Libois, Roland ULg

in Aves (2005), 42(1-2), 135-141

The kingfisher is generally considered as strongly territorial. However, different pairs are sometimes nesting at very close quarters. Two male kingfishers nesting along the river Meuse (Belgium) at a ... [more ▼]

The kingfisher is generally considered as strongly territorial. However, different pairs are sometimes nesting at very close quarters. Two male kingfishers nesting along the river Meuse (Belgium) at a distance of less than 500 m were radiotagged. Their respective home range (5.2 and 7.2 km) were largely overlapping, some fishing grounds being used simultaneously by both birds. Some kind of territorial defence (a bird chasing its neighbour) has been observed in a very limitid area around the nesting places. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the seasonal cycle of the biogeochemical processes in the Ligurian Sea using a ID interdisciplinary model
Raick, Caroline ULg; Delhez, Eric ULg; Soetaert, Karline et al

in Journal of Marine Systems (2005), 55(3-4), 177-203

A one-dimensional coupled physical-biogeochemical model has been built to study the pelagic food web of the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean Sea). The physical model is the turbulent closure model (version ... [more ▼]

A one-dimensional coupled physical-biogeochemical model has been built to study the pelagic food web of the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean Sea). The physical model is the turbulent closure model (version I D) developed at the GeoHydrodynamics and Environmental Laboratory (GHER) of the University of Liege. The ecosystem model contains 19 state variables describing the carbon and nitrogen cycles of the pelagic food web. Phytoplankton and zooplankton are both divided in three size-based compartments and the model includes an explicit representation of the microbial loop including bacteria, dissolved organic matter, nano-, and microzooplankton. The internal carbon/nitrogen ratio is assumed variable for phytoplankton and detritus, and constant for zooplankton and bacteria. Silicate is considered as a potential limiting nutrient of phytoplankton's growth. The aggregation model described by Kriest and Evans in (Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., Earth Planet. Sci. 109 (4) (2000) 453) is used to evaluate the sinking rate of particulate detritus. The model is forced at the air-sea interface by meteorological data coming from the "Cote d'Azur" Meteorological Buoy. The dynamics of atmospheric fluxes in the Mediterranean Sea (DYFAMED) time-series data obtained during the year 2000 are used to calibrate and validate the biological model. The comparison of model results within in situ DYFAMED data shows that although some processes are not represented by the model, such as horizontal and vertical advections, model results are overall in agreement with observations and differences observed can be explained with environmental conditions. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased topsoil mineral nutrient concentrations under exotic invasive plants in belgium
Vanderhoeven, SONIA ULg; Dassonville, N.; Meerts, P.

in Plant and Soil (2005), 275(1-2), 169-179

Exotic invasive plants can alter ecosystem processes. For the first time in Europe, we have analysed the impacts of exotic invasive plants on topsoil chemical properties. At eight sites invaded by five ... [more ▼]

Exotic invasive plants can alter ecosystem processes. For the first time in Europe, we have analysed the impacts of exotic invasive plants on topsoil chemical properties. At eight sites invaded by five exotic invasive species (Fallopia japonica, Heracleum mantegazzianum, Solidago gigantea, Prunus serotina and Rosa rugosa), soil mineral element composition was compared between invaded patches and adjacent, uninvaded vegetation. We found increased concentrations of exchangeable essential nutrients under the canopy of exotic invasive plants, most strikingly so for K and Mn (32% and 34% increase, respectively). This result fits in well with previous reports of enhanced N dynamics in invaded sites, partly due to higher net primary productivity in exotic invasive plants compared to native vegetation. [less ▲]

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See detailSendai virus-induced alterations in lung structure/function correlate with viral loads and reveal a wide resistance/susceptibility spectrum among mouse strains
Faisca, Pedro; Bui Tran Anh, Dao; Desmecht, Daniel ULg

in American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology (2005), 289

The Paramyxoviridae family includes some of the most important and ubiquitous disease-causing viruses of infants and children, most of which cause significant infections of the respiratory tract. Evidence ... [more ▼]

The Paramyxoviridae family includes some of the most important and ubiquitous disease-causing viruses of infants and children, most of which cause significant infections of the respiratory tract. Evidence is accumulating in humans that genetic factors are involved in the severity of clinical presentation. As a first step toward the identification of the genes involved, this study was undertaken to establish whether laboratory mouse strains differ in susceptibility to Sendai virus, the murine counterpart of human type-1 parainfluenza virus which, historically, has been used extensively in studies that have defined the basic biological properties of paramyxoviruses in general. With this purpose in mind, double-chamber plethysmography data were collected daily for 7 days after inoculation of Sendai virus in six inbred strains of mice. In parallel, histological examinations and lung viral titration were carried out from day 5 to day 7 after inoculation. Pulmonary structure/function values closely reflected the success of viral replication in the lungs and revealed a pattern of continuous variation with resistant, intermediate, and susceptible strains. The results unambiguously suggest that BALB/c (resistant) and 129Sv (susceptible) strains should be used in crossing experiments aimed at identifying the genes involved in resistance to Paramyxoviridae by the positional cloning approach. [less ▲]

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See detailThe vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of methyl bromide (CH3Br) and its perdeuterated isotopomer CD3Br: a vibrational analysis
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg et al

in Chemical Physics (2005), 317(1), 87-102

The fine structure of the vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Br and CD3Br has been analyzed in the 6.9-10.2 eV photon energy range. A large number of lines have been observed, classified and ... [more ▼]

The fine structure of the vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Br and CD3Br has been analyzed in the 6.9-10.2 eV photon energy range. A large number of lines have been observed, classified and assigned to the vibrational excitation accompanying a series of Rydberg transitions. The effects of the Jahn-Teller distortion and of the spin-orbit splitting of the ground electronic state of the ion have been considered. The former effect has been evaluated by ab initio calculations, showing that the E-2 state (in the C-3v symmetry group) splits into (2)A' and (2)A" states in the C-s symmetry group. Even though the energy difference of about 1 meV is extremely small, the (2)A' state is energetically the lowest component whereas the (2)A" is found to be a transition state. The Jahn-Teller stabilization energy and the wavenumbers associated with all vibrational modes have been calculated. Experimentally, the entire fine structure could be described in terms of three vibrational modes, i.e., hc omega(4) = 146 +/- 6 meV (1178 +/- 48 cm(-1)), hc omega(5) = 107 +/- 6 meV (863 +/- 48 cm(-1)) and hc omega(6) = 71 +/- 4 meV (572 +/- 32 cm(-1)), respectively, as resulting from an average over all analyzed Rydberg states. In CD3Br the corresponding energies are hc omega(4) = 104 +/- 3 meV (839 +/- 24 cm(-1)), hc omega(5)=82 +/- 4 meV (661 +/- 32 cm(-1)) and hc omega(6) = 62 +/- 4 meV (500 +/- 32 cm(-1)). These values are in fairly good agreement with those predicted by the present ab initio calculations for the ionic ground state. The experimental isotopic ratio rho(i) = [omega/omega(isot)](i) is 1.15 +/- 0.14, 1.31 +/- 0.14 and 1.39 +/- 1.0 and is predicted to be 1.04, 1.34 and 1.36, respectively, for omega(6), omega(5) and omega(4). On the basis of the present study an alternative assignment of the CH3Br+((X) over tilde E-2) photoelectron band structure is proposed. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDroit des biens
Lecocq, Pascale ULg; Tilleman, Bernard; Verbeke, Alain

Book published by La charte (2005)

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See detail« La théorie des troubles de voisinage : de l’équilibre entre protection et limitation »
Lecocq, Pascale ULg; Boufflette, Sophie ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale; Lewalle, Paul (Eds.) Contrainte, atteinte et limite à la propriété (2005)

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See detailAn effective decision procedure for linear arithmetic over the integers and reals
Boigelot, Bernard ULg; Jodogne, Sébastien ULg; Wolper, Pierre ULg

in ACM transactions on Computational Logic (2005), 6(3), 614--633

This article considers finite-automata-based algorithms for handling linear arithmetic with both real and integer variables. Previous work has shown that this theory can be dealt with by using finite ... [more ▼]

This article considers finite-automata-based algorithms for handling linear arithmetic with both real and integer variables. Previous work has shown that this theory can be dealt with by using finite automata on infinite words, but this involves some difficult and delicate to implement algorithms. The contribution of this article is to show, using topological arguments, that only a restricted class of automata on infinite words are necessary for handling real and integer linear arithmetic. This allows the use of substantially simpler algorithms, which have been successfully implemented. [less ▲]

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