References of "2005"
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See detailOn the multiplicity of the non-thermal radio emitters 9 Sgr and HD 168112
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Sana, H.; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Massive Stars and High-Energy Emission in OB Associations (2005, November)

We discuss the first results of our ongoing optical spectroscopic monitoring campaign of the two O-type stars 9 Sgr and HD 168112. Both objects display a non-thermal radio emission and were considered as ... [more ▼]

We discuss the first results of our ongoing optical spectroscopic monitoring campaign of the two O-type stars 9 Sgr and HD 168112. Both objects display a non-thermal radio emission and were considered as single stars. Based on a large set of high-resolution spectra, we find that 9 Sgr is clearly an eccentric SB2 binary with an orbital period of several years. On the other hand, no evidence for radial velocity variations attributable to binary motion is found in our spectra of HD 168112. [less ▲]

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See detailScience and Society: Death, Unconsciousness and the Brain
Laureys, Steven ULg

in Nature Reviews. Neuroscience (2005), 6(11), 899-909

The concept of death has evolved as technology has progressed. This has forced medicine and society to redefine its ancient cardiorespiratory centred diagnosis to a neurocentric diagnosis of death. The ... [more ▼]

The concept of death has evolved as technology has progressed. This has forced medicine and society to redefine its ancient cardiorespiratory centred diagnosis to a neurocentric diagnosis of death. The apparent consensus about the definition of death has not yet appeased all controversy. Ethical, moral and religious concerns continue to surface and include a prevailing malaise about possible expansions of the definition of death to encompass the vegetative state or about the feared bias of formulating criteria so as to facilitate organ transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailL'aide à l'arrêt du tabagisme : une nécessité
Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Bartsch, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 863-866

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the ... [more ▼]

Today the smoker carries a risk of mortality 70% higher compared to the nonsmoker. In Belgium active smoking is indisputably the most important cause of avoidable death. In 2004 it appears that 27% of the belgian population was smoking. This review describes the comorbidity associated with active tobacco consumption and defines the concepts of dependence and smoking cessation. It also identifies the three factors which determine the success of smoking cessation, i.e. the degree of nicotinic dependence, the presence of anxio-depressive disorders and the importance of the motivation to the stop. [less ▲]

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See detailCampagne de mesure des odeurs sur le CET et la zone de compostage de Habay Estimation des nuisances olfactives
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Denne, Pierre; Cobut, Pierre

Report (2005)

The study is conducted in the frame of a programme of monitoring of all landfill sites in Wallonia. The "odour" part is assigned to ULg. The present report concerns more particularly the landfill and ... [more ▼]

The study is conducted in the frame of a programme of monitoring of all landfill sites in Wallonia. The "odour" part is assigned to ULg. The present report concerns more particularly the landfill and composting site of Habay. Besides the usual field inspection technique, the research group has used GC-MS to estimate the chemical composition of the atmosphere over the composting area. [less ▲]

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See detailLes obligations juridiques de cohérence du droit ou comment le droit se protège contre lui-même
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Biquet, Christine; Deliège, Alain; Lecocq, Pascale (Eds.) et al Liber Amicorum Paul Delnoy (2005)

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See detailAffective valence and the self-reference effect: influence of retrieval conditions
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Comblain, Christine; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in British Journal of Psychology (2005), 96(Pt 4), 457-466

Positive trait information is typically better recalled than negative trait information when encoded in reference to the self, but not when encoded in reference to someone else or when processed for ... [more ▼]

Positive trait information is typically better recalled than negative trait information when encoded in reference to the self, but not when encoded in reference to someone else or when processed for general meaning. This study examined whether this influence of affective meaning is modulated by retrieval conditions. Participants encoded positive and negative trait adjectives in reference to themselves or to a celebrity. They were then presented with either a free-recall task (Experiment 1) or a recognition memory task (Experiment 2). Positive adjectives were better recalled than negative adjectives, but only when they were encoded in reference to the self. In contrast, encoding condition and valence did not interact in the recognition memory task. Taken together, these findings suggest that the difference in memory between positive and negative self-referent information is due, at least in part, to a control exerted on memory retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailLa bibliothèque virtuelle de Google
Renaville, François ULg

Article for general public (2005)

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See detailAnalysis of gas holdup in bubble columns with non-Newtonian fluid using electrical resistance tomography and dynamic gas disengagement technique
Fransolet, E.; Crine, A.; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2005), 60(22 Sp. Iss. SI), 6118-6123

This paper presents an experimental analysis of the influence of the liquid rheology on the gas flow pattern in a bubble column reactor. Aqueous solutions of xanthan are selected as an example of non ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an experimental analysis of the influence of the liquid rheology on the gas flow pattern in a bubble column reactor. Aqueous solutions of xanthan are selected as an example of non-Newtonian shear thinning fluid. Averaged gas holdup is determined by two experimental techniques: parietal pressure probes and electrical resistance tomography (ERT). ERT is also used to provide 2D images of the gas phase distribution in a column cross-section. Bubble size distributions are evaluated by a gas disengagement technique using the parietal pressure probes. All these techniques clearly show the gas flow pattern is different in Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. Gas holdup values decrease when increasing the liquid viscosity and reach a minimum or a plateau. Homogeneous flow regime, observed in water at low gas velocities, tends to disappear when viscosity increases. This evolution is visualized by a much less isotropic distribution of the gas phase within cross-section of the column and by the appearance of much larger bubbles due to an increased coalescence phenomenon. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIs There a Difference Between Energy Balance of Cats Hospitalised for Surgical or for Medical Reasons?
Lhoest, Estelle; Claeys, Stéphanie ULg; Gabriel, Alexendra et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2005, November), 19(6), 939

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See detailDe "La Salle de bain" à "Fuir"
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Indications. La Revue des romans (2005), 62e série(5), 13-24

Description du parcours romanesque de Jean-Philippe Toussaint, centré sur son originalité et sur ses diverses évolutions stylistiques et narratologiques.

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See detailProlactinomas : Advances in Treatment of Endocrine Diseases
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2005, November)

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See detailCyproterone and a comparison with its acetate ester
de Ruyck, J.; de Hassonville, S. H.; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section E-Structure Reports Online (2005), 61(Part 11), 3576-3578

The crystal structure of cyproterone (systematic name: 6-chloro-1,2-dihydro-17-hydroxy-30H-cyclopropa[a]pregna-1,4,6- triene-3,20-dione), C22H27ClO3, is compared with cyproterone acetate, a potent anti ... [more ▼]

The crystal structure of cyproterone (systematic name: 6-chloro-1,2-dihydro-17-hydroxy-30H-cyclopropa[a]pregna-1,4,6- triene-3,20-dione), C22H27ClO3, is compared with cyproterone acetate, a potent anti-androgen steroid. The two compounds adopt a similar conformation, except for the cyclopropyl ring attached to the cyclohexenone ring (ring A). Cyproterone further adopts a crystal packing distinct from that of the acetate form. These differences result from hydrogen bonding between the free hydroxy group and the carbonyl group of ring A. [less ▲]

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See detailGas-liquid mass transfer in a circulating jet-loop nitrifying MBR
Kouakou, Edouard; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2005), 60(22 Sp. Iss. SI), 6346-6353

Based on airlift configuration, a novel circulating jet-loop submerged membrane bioreactor (JLMBR) adapted to ammonium partial oxidation has been developed. Membrane technology and combined air and water ... [more ▼]

Based on airlift configuration, a novel circulating jet-loop submerged membrane bioreactor (JLMBR) adapted to ammonium partial oxidation has been developed. Membrane technology and combined air and water forced circulation are adopted to obtain a high biomass retention time and to achieve a separate control of mixing and aeration. This study is intended to determine how gas-liquid mass transfer is affected by operating conditions. In a first approximation, liquid was assumed to be perfectly mixed. A classical non-steady state clean water test, known as the "gas out-gas in" method, was used to determine the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient k(L)a. Air and recirculated liquid superficial velocities were gradually increased from 0.013 to 0.019m s(-1) and 0.0056 to 0.011 m s(-1), respectively. Subsequently, the gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient kLa varied from 0.01 to 0.02 s(-1). It appears to be influenced by the combined action of air and recirculated liquid flowrates in the range 0.72-1.03N m(3) h(-1) and 0.30-0.58 m(3) h(-1), respectively, for air and liquid. Correlations are proposed to describe this double influence. Experiments were performed on tap water and a culture medium used for the autotrophic growth of nitrifying bacteria, respectively. Oxygen transfer appeared to be not significantly affected by the mineral salt (0.48 g 1(-1)) encountered in this medium. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of BaZrO3 sintering by control of the initial powder size distribution; a factorial design statistical analysis
Guillaume, Bernard ULg; Boschini, Frédéric ULg; Garcia-Cano, I. et al

in Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2005), 25(16), 3593-3604

A factorial design statistical analysis has been conducted in order to obtain the optimum conditions in the solid state sintering process of barium zirconate bulk materials, optimum with respect to ... [more ▼]

A factorial design statistical analysis has been conducted in order to obtain the optimum conditions in the solid state sintering process of barium zirconate bulk materials, optimum with respect to density, closed and open porosities. The optimized heat treatment permits to sinter a 99% dense barium zirconate sample at 1650 degrees C during only 2 h. When the temperature is higher than 1650 degrees C or when the heating time is longer than 2 h, a decrease in density is observed. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailL'echinococcose alveolaire: une zoonose d'apparition recente en Wallonie
Wauters, Odile ULg; Honore, Charles ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 867-74

Alveolar echinococcosis is a serious parasitic disease, leading to large hepatic lesions. It must be distinguished from cystic echinococcosis, or hydatic cyst, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Early ... [more ▼]

Alveolar echinococcosis is a serious parasitic disease, leading to large hepatic lesions. It must be distinguished from cystic echinococcosis, or hydatic cyst, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Early diagnosis may allow surgical removal of the lesions by segmental hepatectomy, the only curative treatment. Parasitostatic medical treatment with albendazole may promote stabilization of the disease. Until recently, Belgium was considered a country at very low risk for alveolar echinococcosis, as no human case was reported, despite up to 51% of fox infection in southern Belgium autopsy series. Recently four patients presented with alveolar echinococcosis at the University Hospital Center of Liege, leading to the fear of a possible alveolar echinococcosis endemy in southern Belgium. Two of these patients underwent curative hepatectomy, but the other two had already pulmonary metastases at diagnosis and received palliative albendazole therapy. This article presents these cases, and reviews the clinical features of this parasitic disease. [less ▲]

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See detailImaging of liquid distribution in reactive distillation packings with a new high-energy x-ray tomograph
Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg

in Measurement Science & Technology (2005), 16(11), 2213-2220

We describe a new, high-energy (420 kV), large-scale (0.45 m in diameter, 4 m in height) x-ray tomograph developed to investigate gas and liquid flow through fixed bed like absorption, distillation and ... [more ▼]

We describe a new, high-energy (420 kV), large-scale (0.45 m in diameter, 4 m in height) x-ray tomograph developed to investigate gas and liquid flow through fixed bed like absorption, distillation and reactive distillation columns. The first results obtained with this set-up on test objects (physical phantoms), such as a cylindrical container filled with water or a large diameter structured metallic packing, validate the technique as a quantitative tool for geometrical measurements. Very detailed two-dimensional (21)) and three-dimensional (3D) images of a 0.09 m diameter KATAPAK-SP 12, a reactive distillation packing, are presented. Quantitative information relative to liquid hold-up distribution may be obtained from tomographic imaging performed on an irrigated column packed with this element. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanical properties of highly porous PDLLA/Bioglass (R) composite foams as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
Blaker, Jonny J.; Maquet, Véronique; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Acta Biomaterialia (2005), 1(6), 643-652

This study developed highly porous degradable composites as potential scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. These scaffolds consisted of poly-d,l-lactic acid filled with 2 and 15 vol.% of 45S5 Bioglass® ... [more ▼]

This study developed highly porous degradable composites as potential scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. These scaffolds consisted of poly-d,l-lactic acid filled with 2 and 15 vol.% of 45S5 Bioglass® particles and were produced via thermally induced solid–liquid phase separation and subsequent solvent sublimation. The scaffolds had a bimodal and anisotropic pore structure, with tubular macro-pores of 100 μm in diameter, and with interconnected micro-pores of 10–50 μm in diameter. Quasi-static and thermal dynamic mechanical analysis carried out in compression along with thermogravimetric analysis was used to investigate the effect of Bioglass® on the properties of the foams. Quasi-static compression testing demonstrated mechanical anisotropy concomitant with the direction of the macro-pores. An analytical modelling approach was applied, which demonstrated that the presence of Bioglass® did not significantly alter the porous architecture of these foams and reflected the mechanical anisotropy which was congruent with the scanning electron microscopy investigation. This study found that the Ishai–Cohen and Gibson–Ashby models can be combined to predict the compressive modulus of the composite foams. The modulus and density of these complex foams are related by a power-law function with an exponent between 2 and 3. [less ▲]

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See detail« Excusez-moi, monsieur » : les alexandrins dans La Nausée de Sartre
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Poétique, revue de théorie et d'analyse littéraires (2005), 144

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