References of "2004"
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See detailDetailed Mathematical Modeling of Metabolic and Regulatory Networks
Sauter, T.; Bullinger, Eric ULg

in BIOforum Europe (2004), 2004(2), 62--64

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See detailLipids metabolism and hyperlipidaemia in the dog
Jeusette, Isabelle; Istasse, Louis ULg; Diez, Marianne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), 148(2), 79-89

This synthesis aims to summarize lipids metabolism in the dog. The different aetiology and diagnostic of primary or secondary hyperlipidaemia in dog are reviewed. The nutritional treatment and more ... [more ▼]

This synthesis aims to summarize lipids metabolism in the dog. The different aetiology and diagnostic of primary or secondary hyperlipidaemia in dog are reviewed. The nutritional treatment and more particularly the use of dietary fibres are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPosition of the Moesian platform at the Lochkovian. Hypothesis based on miospores
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lakova, I.; Breuer, P.

Conference (2004)

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See detailLe corps et la personne du petit enfant : Ethnographie des petits riens du quotidien soninké
Razy, Elodie ULg

in L'Autre : Cliniques, Cultures et Sociétés : Revue Transculturelle (2004), 5(2), 203-214

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See detailMorsures et griffures des chats, chiens et rats : étiologies et attitude
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Learning material (2004)

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See detailPostcolonial Criticism at the Crossroads: Subjective Questionings of an Old-Timer
Maes-Jelinek, Hena ULg

in Davis, Geoffrey V.; Marsden, Peter H.; Ledent, Bénédicte (Eds.) et al Towards a Transcultural Future: Literature and Society in a 'Post'-Colonial World (2004)

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See detailEcoles sanctuaires, écoles ghettos : quel rôle joue l'origine socioculturelle et ethnique dans les différences de performances entre établissements ?
Monseur, Christian ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Bruxelles, 16-17 mars 2004 (2004)

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See detailLe management des connaissances: une révolution pour la GRH?
Robert, Jocelyne ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailMuscular imbalance and acute lower extremity muscle injuries in sport
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in International SportMed Journal (2004), 5(3), 169-176

Investigating factors associated with muscle strains highlight the multifactorial origin of the injury and the difficulty of identifying isolated or combined factors that caused the injury. Among the ... [more ▼]

Investigating factors associated with muscle strains highlight the multifactorial origin of the injury and the difficulty of identifying isolated or combined factors that caused the injury. Among the numerous causes reported in the literature, only a few have been scientifically associated with injury occurrence, while others have been empirically suggested. Contradictions in articles dealing with muscle strength and imbalance are frequent, and are probably the result of differences in methodology and criteria for patient inclusion. Imbalance in muscle strength commonly refers to abnormal bilateral asymmetry (between homologous groups) and a disruption of the agonist-antagonist ratio. Some authors who focus on a history of hamstring or adductor strains have demonstrated the frequent abnormality of muscle strength and balance by means of isokinetic assessment. Mixed ratios, combining the eccentric performance of “decelerating” muscles (such as the hamstrings) and the concentric performance of “mobiliser” muscles (such as the quadriceps) are suggested and seem relevant. An increased emphasis on eccentric strengthening exercises, particularly for the hamstrings, and ratio correction on the basis of statistically selected cut-offs, significantly reduces the recurrence rate of the injury and lingering complaints upon return-to-sport. Similarly, isokinetic interventions, as a preseason screening tool in sports where there is a high rate of muscle strain injuries, could detect imbalances early and thus promote a preventive strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailTerrestrial versus aquatic foraging in juvenile Alpine newts (Triturus alpestris)
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Ecoscience (2004), 11(4), 404-409

Many species of newts and salamanders forage in both terrestrial and aquatic environments during their life. However, the relative benefits of the two foraging patterns remain unknown because all previous ... [more ▼]

Many species of newts and salamanders forage in both terrestrial and aquatic environments during their life. However, the relative benefits of the two foraging patterns remain unknown because all previous studies have focused on only one habitat. The aim of this study was to find out which foraging tactic is the most successful in terms of energy intake. To this end, I analyzed trophic habits in metamorphosed juveniles in the Alpine newt, Triturus alpestris veluchiensis, inhabiting an alpine lake (Drakolimni) and the surrounding lands (Tymphi Mountains, northern Greece). The diet of the newts reflected the range of prey available in the two habitats, but aquatic newts also foraged on invertebrates that fell on the water surface. The two lifestyles have different energy outcomes. Terrestrial invertebrates provided high energy gains mainly to terrestrial juveniles because of the low number of this prey type in the lake. However, terrestrial juveniles are expected to suffer higher mortality (freezing on land is more probable than in deep waters) and a lower energy intake when air temperature is low, i.e., the main pattern in high-elevation sites, except during mid-summer. Persistence of the aquatic foraging tactics in the population may depend on a trade-off between costs and benefits. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunity-based wildlife management in Burkina Faso : the experiments of the Nazinga Ranch and W park
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Game and Wildlife Science (2004), 21(3), 313-326

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité ... [more ▼]

Le Burkina Faso reste le seul pays d’Afrique occidentale à posséder une législation où, au moins légalement, la gestion cynégétique de la faune sauvage par les populations locales est devenue une réalité. Les textes de loi prévoient en effet la possibilité pour les populations de délimiter sur leurs terroirs des zones dévolues à la chasse commerciale, d’y faire venir des chasseurs et de rétrocéder à l’État la part des recettes qui lui est due. La loi prévoit également la constitution de Comités Villageois de Gestion de la Faune (CVGF), structures rattachées aux Comités Villageois de Gestion de Terroir (CVGT) et reconnues dans le processus de décentralisation en cours. L’opportunité de construire une conservation de la faune sauvage servant directement le développement local existe donc. Dans la pratique, il reste encore beaucoup d’étapes à franchir avant que des Zones Villageoises d’Intérêt Cynégétique (ZOVIC) réellement autonomes et indépendantes financièrement ne prennent corps. Les résistances au niveau institutionnel et privé ne manquent pas, et seule la démonstration de la capacité des populations locales à relever ce défi pourra faire évoluer les mentalités. Les premières ZOVIC ont été mises en place à partir de 2000 dans les périphéries du Ranch de Nazinga (1 276 ha de ZOVIC) et du Parc du W (1 790 ha de ZOVIC). Ces expériences ont été la source de riches enseignements dans des contextes particuliers de tensions foncières, liés soit à une importante immigration humaine dans le cas de la ZOVIC du Ranch de Nazinga, soit à une course au coton dans celui des ZOVIC du Parc du W. Elles ont montré que la gestion cynégétique villageoise nécessitait des besoins de formation importants et qu’elle devait faire face aux classiques enjeux techniques (préservation de l’habitat, gestion de la faune, quotas d’abattage dont l’application reste parfois aléatoire en raison de la petite taille des zones délimitées, etc.). Les ZOVIC ont aussi soulevé le problème du rapport de la communauté rurale à l’espace et au foncier, celui fonctionnement des structures locales de gestion et de leur fusion avec le système politique coutumier local, et celui de la réelle volonté de l’univers administratif et privé de la chasse à partager la rente cynégétique avec les populations locales. La gestion cynégétique villageoise doit donc être comprise comme un exercice de démocratie directe et comme la voie vers la gestion globale des terroirs villageois. Au-delà de l’aspect technique lié à la faune et à sa gestion durable, la réussite de ces expériences devrait également annoncer la pratique d’une chasse plus sociale et plus équitable, où les populations locales participeraient davantage au partage du flux financier. [less ▲]

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See detailLes obligations : concepts financiers et comptables essentiels
Colmant, Bruno ULg; Delfosse, Vincent ULg; Esch, Louis ULg

Book published by De Boeck et Larcier - 2ème éd. (2004)

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See detailLe dépérissement des abeilles en Wallonie
Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailNumerical determination of 3D temperature fields in steel joints
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Fire & Materials (2004), 28(2-4, MAR-AUG), 63-82

A numerical study was undertaken to investigate the temperature field in steel joints and to compare the temperatures in the joints with the temperatures of the adjacent steel members on the hypothesis ... [more ▼]

A numerical study was undertaken to investigate the temperature field in steel joints and to compare the temperatures in the joints with the temperatures of the adjacent steel members on the hypothesis that the thermal protection is the same on the joint and in the members. Very brief information is given on the numerical model, supplemented with parametric studies made in order to determine the required level of discretization in the time and in the space domain. A simplified assumption for representing the thermal insulation is also discussed and validated. Different numerical analyses are performed, with a variation of the following parameters: (i) type of joints, from very simple to more complex configurations, with welds and/or bolts, all of them representing joints between elements located in the same plane; (ii) unprotected joints or protected by one sprayed material; (iii) ISO, hydrocarbon or one natural fire scenario. The fact that the thermal attack from the fire might be less severe because the joints are usually located in the corner of the compartment is not taken into account. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly neurophysiological diagnosis of true neurogenic « thoracic outlet syndrome » (TOS)
HUA, MT; DUBUISSON, Annie ULg; Zeevaert, Bernard et al

in Journal of Neurology (2004)

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