References of "2004"
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See detailTwo-dimensional model for the cold atom micromaser
Martin, John ULg; Solano, E.; Zagury, N. et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailLa Belgique et le Groupe des Quatre en matière de défense
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP (2004), 1862-1863

En avril 2003, quatre pays (Belgique, France, Allemagne, Luxembourg) avaient proposé d’approfondir les questions de sécurité et de défense au profit de l’Union européenne et de l’OTAN. Cette initiative ... [more ▼]

En avril 2003, quatre pays (Belgique, France, Allemagne, Luxembourg) avaient proposé d’approfondir les questions de sécurité et de défense au profit de l’Union européenne et de l’OTAN. Cette initiative, d’origine belge, se heurta aux réticences des Etats-Unis et des pays européens les plus anglophiles dans la mesure où elle fut présentée au beau milieu de la crise transatlantique et intra-européenne à propos de la guerre en Irak. Mais derrière les propositions du « groupe des chocolatiers » comme on les surnomma avec dédain, se profilaient des propositions audacieuses de renforcement de la politique européenne de sécurité et de défense. Pour l’essentiel, toutes les propositions du Groupe des Quatre furent adoptées par le Conseil de l’Union européenne, les capitales et sont même, pour la plupart, inscrites dans le traité de Lisbonne : cellule civilo-militaire de planification, Agence européenne de l’armement, coopération structurée permanente en matière de défense, clause d’assistance, extension des missions de l’Union européenne, Académie européenne de sécurité et de défense, etc. [less ▲]

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See detailSchneller Stofftransport über Phasengrenzen
Pfennig, Andreas ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailLandscape research in Belgium
Antrop, Marc; Belayew, Dimitri; Droeven, Emilie ULg et al

in Belgeo (2004), 2-3

In the federal state Belgium, landscape research evolved from regional geographical monographs to more applied research that focuses upon the specific problems in each of the regions. In the highly ... [more ▼]

In the federal state Belgium, landscape research evolved from regional geographical monographs to more applied research that focuses upon the specific problems in each of the regions. In the highly urbanized Flanders region in the north, aspects of suburbanization and fragmentation are the most important. Landscape research involves geographers, historians, archaeologists, agronomists, foresters, ecologists and nature conservationists all dealing with specific goals and tasks. The integration is mainly achieved in spatial planning. In the Walloon region large areas are still rural and have a large forest cover, while urbanized zones are rather concentrated. Landscape research focuses here mainly upon the rural involving geographers, agronomists and planners. The natural and scenic aspects of the landscape dominate and the study of the historical development of the landscape is less pronounced. In Brussels Capital region little attention is given to landscape aspects, as social and typical urban problems dominate. Consequently, different landscape typologies are used in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of selenium enriched fertilizers on the selenium content in grass and the selenium status in a suckling herd offered selenium enriched grass, silage and barley
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Coenen, M. et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2004)

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See detailA two-stage stochastic programming framework for transportation planning in disaster response
Barbarosoglu, Gulay; Arda, Yasemin ULg

in Journal of the Operational Research Society (2004), 55

This study proposes a two-stage stochastic programming model to plan the transportation of vital first-aid commodities to disaster-affected areas during emergency response. A multi-commodity, multi-modal ... [more ▼]

This study proposes a two-stage stochastic programming model to plan the transportation of vital first-aid commodities to disaster-affected areas during emergency response. A multi-commodity, multi-modal network flow formulation is developed to describe the flow of material over an urban transportation network. Since it is difficult to predict the timing and magnitude of any disaster and its impact on the urban system, resource mobilization is treated in a random manner, and the resource requirements are represented as random variables. Furthermore, uncertainty arising from the vulnerability of the transportation system leads to random-arc capacities and supply amounts. Randomness is represented by a finite sample of scenarios for capacity, supply and demand triplet. The two stages are defined with respect to information asymmetry, which discloses uncertainty during the progress of the response. The approach is validated by quantifying the expected value of perfect and stochastic information in problem instances generated out of actual data. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding performance in heterochronic alpine newts is consistent with trophic niche and maintenance of polymorphism
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Ethology (2004), 110(2), 127-136

The feeding performances of two heterochronic morphs of the Alpine newt Triturus alpestris were investigated in laboratory experiments. Although both morphs are able to feed in the aquatic habitat, the ... [more ▼]

The feeding performances of two heterochronic morphs of the Alpine newt Triturus alpestris were investigated in laboratory experiments. Although both morphs are able to feed in the aquatic habitat, the hydrodynamics of prey capture differ between morphs. In paedomorphs water sucked with prey is expelled behind the mouth through gill bars. In metamorphs, water is expelled by the mouth as gill slits are closed. Feeding performance was better in paedomorphs than in metamorphs when foraging on aquatic crustaceans, but paedomorphs were less successful when foraging on terrestrial invertebrates caught at the water surface. These differences in prey capture success related to prey type allow the two morphs to use specific resources in their aquatic habitat. These results are consistent with previous studies that showed diet differentiation between morphs in natural populations. Such resource partitioning is a factor favouring the maintenance of facultative paedomorphosis in natural populations. [less ▲]

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See detailSelenium enriched grass silage and winter barely for growing bulls: feedstuff composition and animal performance
de Behr, V.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delobel, A. et al

in Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science (2004)

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See detailMotor cortex excitability in Alzheimer's disease and in subcortical ischemic vascular dementia.
Alagona, Giovanna; Ferri, Raffaele; Pennisi, Giovanni et al

in Neuroscience Letters (2004), 362(2), 95-8

Twenty Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 20 subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) patients and 20 neurologically and cognitively normal subjects underwent transcranial magnetic stimulation to ... [more ▼]

Twenty Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 20 subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) patients and 20 neurologically and cognitively normal subjects underwent transcranial magnetic stimulation to study motor cortex excitability changes. Motor threshold (MT), amplitude of motor evoked potentials, silent period and the H/M ratio (amplitude of maximal Hoffman reflex vs. that of maximal motor response) were considered. MT was lower in SIVD patients when compared with AD patients (P = 0.003) and the control group (P < 0.001) and lower in AD patients when compared with the control group (P < 0.001). The increment of motor cortex excitability in AD and SIVD did not lead us to distinguish clearly the two types of dementia. It is likely that the electrophysiological similarity between AD and SIVD could represent another common mechanism shared from these forms of dementia. [less ▲]

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See detailPosition on CESR's call for evidence of 28 October 2004
Partsch, Philippe-Emmanuel ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailUne visite insolite au Parc National Henri Pittier (Vénézuela)
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Balsacq, R.

in Parcs & Réserves (2004), 59(3), 24-27

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See detailL'image du mois. Myxome de l'oreillette gauche
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Rouers, Anthony ULg; Marchettini, P. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(7-8, Jul-Aug), 419-20

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See detailMolecular monitoring of the introgression in Gossypium hirsutum L. of G. sturtanium Willis genes controlling the "glanded-plant and glandless-seed" trait
Benbouza, H.; Lacape, M.; Jacquemin, J. M. et al

in World Cotton Research Conference - 3. Cotton production for the new Millenium (2004)

One hundred mapped micro-satellites markers located on the chromosomes of subgenome Ah were used to monitor the introgression of DNA fragments coming from the Australian species G. sturtianum Willis in ... [more ▼]

One hundred mapped micro-satellites markers located on the chromosomes of subgenome Ah were used to monitor the introgression of DNA fragments coming from the Australian species G. sturtianum Willis in BC1, BC2, BC2S1, BC2S2, BC2S3, BC3, BC3S1 and BC3S2 obtained from the G. hirsutum L. x G. raimondii Ulb. x G. sturtianum (HRS) trispecific hybrid. In these plants, the inhibition of the gossypol synthesis only in the seed seems to be linked to the substitution of fragments of linkage groups C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7 and C9 of G. hirsutum by homeologous segments of G. sturtianum chromosomes. The prospect to use these genetic stocks to develop commercial varieties is discussed according to the putative genetic determinism of the “low-gossypol seed and high-gossypol plant”-trait. [less ▲]

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See detailNew trends in flood risk analysis: working with 2D flow models, laser DEM and a GIS environment
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Greco, M.; Carravetta, A.; Della Morte, R. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics: River Flow 2004 (2004)

This paper outlines the integration of new and accurate laser DEM into the determination of floodplains. Global and robust GIS environment is absolutely necessary to manage this very large amounts of ... [more ▼]

This paper outlines the integration of new and accurate laser DEM into the determination of floodplains. Global and robust GIS environment is absolutely necessary to manage this very large amounts of topographic data. The development and interaction of 2D flow models, simplified or not, ensures to offer more accurate and flexible physically based tools to the decision-makers. [less ▲]

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See detailRenforcement de la capacité de gestion des ressources en eau dans l'agriculture moyennant des outils de suivi-évaluation (Burkina Faso): Rapport Technique (2004)
Wellens, Joost ULg; Compaore, Nestor; Van Orshoven, Jos et al

Report (2004)

L’approche proposée par le projet existe dans la combinaison des besoins en formation des ingénieurs de haut niveau de l’EIER d’une part avec les besoins de la DRH-HB d’autre part. En utilisant le système ... [more ▼]

L’approche proposée par le projet existe dans la combinaison des besoins en formation des ingénieurs de haut niveau de l’EIER d’une part avec les besoins de la DRH-HB d’autre part. En utilisant le système d’information géographique de la DRH-HB le projet a comme objectif de développer des outils informatiques qui peuvent aider à gérer mieux l’eau et qui ont la capacité de formuler une estimation précise du rendement des cultures pluviales dans la région pendant la saison. Afin de garantir des effets multiplicateurs et spin-off, et de disposer d’un nombre suffisant de chercheurs qui travailleront dans le cadre du projet sans exagérer les coûts, les outils seront développés dans le cadre des mémoires de fin d’études des meilleurs étudiants africains des quatorze états subsahariens de l’EIER et des étudiants des Universités flamandes. [less ▲]

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