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See detailSynopsis des dermatomycoses invasives chez l'immunodéprimés.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue de l’Association Belge des Technologues de Laboratoire = Tijdschrift van de Belgische Vereniging van Laboratoriumtechnologen (2004), 31

The immune system plays a prominent role in the defense against a wide variety of pathogen fungi. Thus, the immunocompromised patient becomes a potential victim of mycoses originating from the skin. These ... [more ▼]

The immune system plays a prominent role in the defense against a wide variety of pathogen fungi. Thus, the immunocompromised patient becomes a potential victim of mycoses originating from the skin. These mycoses may become invasive and a fatal issue is possible. In other circumstances, the inoculation site is pulmonary or digestive, and the cutaneous lesions represent secondary localizations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe compte satellite des associations en Belgique
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in RECMA – Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale (2004), (292), 42-58

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See detailCumulative isomerization probability by various transition state wave packet methods including the MCTDH algorithm
Lasorne, Benjamin; Gatti, Fabien; Baloïtcha, Ezinvy et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2004), 121

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See detailActivity-Stability Relationships in Extremophilic Enzymes
D'Amico, Salvino ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailOn the collapse behaviour of oil reservoir chalk
De Gennaro, Vincenzo; Delage, Pierre; Priol, Grégoire et al

in Geotechnique (2004), 54(6), 415-420

Oil exploitation in North Sea Ekofisk oilfield started in 1971, the reservoir is located in a 150 m thick layer of porous chalk (n = 40-50%) at a 3000 m depth. Enhanced oil recovery procedure by sea water ... [more ▼]

Oil exploitation in North Sea Ekofisk oilfield started in 1971, the reservoir is located in a 150 m thick layer of porous chalk (n = 40-50%) at a 3000 m depth. Enhanced oil recovery procedure by sea water injection (waterflooding) was initiated in 1987. Starting from this date, seabed subsidence due to chalk compaction evolves at a fairly constant rate (i.e. 40 cm/year). Nowadays, the decrease of the seafloor level is of about 10 m. Reservoir management and production strategies are at the origin of the growing interest of petroleum industry in disposing of a comprehensive description of the chalk mechanical behaviour. In this note the subsidence due to waterflooding is interpreted within a framework taken from the mechanics of unsaturated soils. By considering oil as the non-wetting fluid and water as the wetting fluid, chalk compaction is depicted as a collapse phenomenon due to oil-water suction decrease. A series of suction controlled tests in the osmotic oedometer cell are presented. Water weakening effects and chalk compaction (collapse) seem likely to occur through the lost of strength of the inter-granular links existing in the oil saturated sample. The nature of these links includes both capillary and physico-chemical fluids-chalk interactions, and is well characterised by the oil-water suction. [less ▲]

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See detailSum-frequency generation spectroscopy applied to model biosensors systems
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Sartenaer, Y.; Humbert, C. et al

in Thin Solid Films (2004), 464-465

Vibrational information recorded by infrared-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy was used to study the adsorption of a derivated vitamin (biocytin) on different substrates and its subsequent ... [more ▼]

Vibrational information recorded by infrared-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy was used to study the adsorption of a derivated vitamin (biocytin) on different substrates and its subsequent reaction with a protein (avidin). No reaction is observed on metallic substrates. When the experiments are carried out with a CaF2 substrate in the total internal reflection configuration, significant changes of the CH and NH vibrations can be related to the specific bonding of avidin to biocytin. [less ▲]

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See detailProlégomènes à une étude de la modalité en néo-égyptien
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Master's dissertation (2004)

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See detailApproche théorique et pratique du délit d'abandon de famille
Collin, Jonathan ULg

Master's dissertation (2004)

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See detailA set of efficient numerical tools for floodplain modelling
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg et al

in Jirka, G. H.; Uijttewaal, W. S. J. (Eds.) Shallow flows (2004)

In the last years, Europe was subject to catastrophic inundations. At the same time, computer's capacity are increasing such as bidimensional simulations can be applied to real cases. Two compementary ... [more ▼]

In the last years, Europe was subject to catastrophic inundations. At the same time, computer's capacity are increasing such as bidimensional simulations can be applied to real cases. Two compementary theoretical and numerical models are presented and discussed in the present paper: the diffusive approximation and the complete shallow-water approach. An original refinement of meshes is also presented to increase the convergence speed to a steady solution. Numerous comparisons between models and methods of resolution are described. Finally, an example of determination of the flood extension on a natural river is illustrated. [less ▲]

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See detailIntégration et interculturalité
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2004)

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See detailDesign Organisationnel et métamorphose des organisations
Froehlicher, Thomas ULg; Walliser, Bjorn

Book published by L'Harmattan (2004)

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See detailLa Femme et le cloître à l’époque moderne. Bilan historiographique et perspectives de recherches
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Leduc, Guyonne (Ed.) Nouvelles sources et nouvelles méthodologies de recherche dans les études sur les femmes (2004)

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See detailCollective Retrieval hy Autonomous Rohots
Meyer, Patrick ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailUse of heterologous and homologous radioimmunoassay (RIA) for ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) determination to detect pregnancy in sheep
Vandaele, L.; Verberckmoes, S.; De Cat, S. et al

in Reproduction (Cambridge, England). Abstract Series (2004), 31

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See detailSimenon et la “crise” du roman
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Traces. Travaux du Centre d'Études Georges Simenon (2004), (15), 95-106

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See detailInside-out transobturator vaginal tape (TVT-O): Short-term results of a prospective study
Waltregny, David ULg; Reul, Olivier ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg et al

in International Urogynecology Journal & Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (2004)

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of the TVT-O inside-out procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design ... [more ▼]

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of the TVT-O inside-out procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design, materials and methods From March 2003 through September 2003, 53 patients with clinical evidence of SUI participated in this prospective clinical trial. Preoperative evaluation included complete history, physical examination, multichannel urodynamics, urine analysis, and cystoscopy. None of the patients presented the following exclusion criteria: post-void residual volume (PVR) ≥ 100 cc, detrusor overactivity or acontractility, contraindication to anesthesia, pregnancy, neurological pathology, or active urinary or vaginal infection. All patients met the following inclusion criteria: age > 25 and < 85 years, clinically demonstrated SUI, positive Ulmsten test, and maximum cystometric capacity ≥ 300 mL. In all patients, a sub-urethral tape (Gynecare®) was inserted by one single surgeon via an inside-out transobturator approach (TVT-O), as previously described (1). Evaluation of SUI, urgency/urge incontinence, daytime urinary frequency/nocturia, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction/retention was carried out using the Measurement of Urinary Handicap scale questionnaire (2). The importance of urinary incontinence was assessed with a visual analog scale graded from 0 to 10. Quality of life (QoL) assessment was performed using the validated Ditrovie self-administered questionnaire. Outpatient follow-up was perfomed at 1 and 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter. Follow-up evaluation included physical examination with a stress test, uroflowmetry, PVR, and symptom, visual analog, and QoL scales scoring. Cure was defined as no leakage based on both symptom scale scoring and physical examination. Improvement was defined as at least a 50% decrease in symptoms based on the questionnaire’s evaluation. Chart review was conducted by a physician not associated with the surgical procedure. The specific protocol used in this study was approved by the Medical Ethics committee of our Institution. All patients had given their written informed consent. Methods, defintions,and units conform to the standards recommended by the ICS. Results Mean age of the patients was 61.2 years (36 to 80). Of the 53 patients, 20 had undergone previous pelvic surgery. Forty-eight patients suffered from SUI. Five patients did not complain of SUI but had clinical evidence of SUI after reduction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) during vaginal examination. The TVT-O procedure was associated with POP cure (performed before TVT-O) in 12 patients. Maximal urethral closure pressure was < 30 cm H20 in 6 patients. Follow-up time was ≥ 6 months in all women (max = 12.5; mean = 8). A total of 33 and 20 women received spinal and general anesthesia, respectively. Intraoperative blood loss was < 100 cc in all cases. No vaginal wall, urethral, or bladder perforation was encountered. No hematoma, neurological complication, fistula, vaginal or urethral erosion, or tape rejection was observed. Some patients reported pain symptoms, directly after the procedure, mainly located in the thigh regions (either uni- or bilaterally). Pain was always mild, never requiring opioid antalgics. No patient complained of persistent pain; indeed, pain had completely vanished within the first post-operative month in all cases. At the latest follow-up visit, PVR was < 100 cc and max flow rate was ≥ 10 mL/sec in 49 (92.4%) and 39 (73.6%) patients, respectively. One patient underwent an immediate tape release procedure for complete retention 2 days after TVT-O. Thereafter, the patient had no PVR and was completely dry. The tape was sectioned in 2 patients for chronic retention and/or urgency associated with bladder outlet obstruction, 4 and 7 months after the operation. Based on the SUI questionnaire evaluation and physical examination, 50 (94.3%) patients were cured. SUI symptoms had improved in 1 patient and had not changed in another. One patient with POP not complaining of SUI preoperatively (but with clinically demonstrated SUI following POP reduction) developed SUI after POP cure associated with TVT-O. Analysis of the urgency questionnaire’s results revealed that among the 53 patients, 32 did not complain of any urgency before the operation. Of these 32 patients, 3 patients developed de novo urgency, with one of them requiring tape sectioning because of obstruction-associated urge incontinence. Among the 21 patients with preoperative urge symptoms, 15 of them reported disappearance of urgency after the procedure. Urge symptoms were unchanged in the remaining 6 patients. Daytime frequency/nocturia symptoms scale scoring showed that 4 patients had a worsening of these symptoms while all other patients were either improved or unchanged. LUTS suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction/retention appeared or worsened in 3 patients, amongst which the 2 patients who required tape sectioning. These symptoms were unchanged or decreased (mainly in patients with associated POP cure) in all other patients. Analysis of the urinary incontinence visual analog and QoL scale scores demonstrated that the majority of patients reported disappearance of urinary leakage together with significant improvement of their QoL (Figures 1 and 2). Interpretation of results As already suggested by the results of a recent feasibility study (1), TVT-O appears to be associated with a minimal risk of peri-operative complications. Indeed, in our present prospective study, no injury to the bladder, vagina, or urethra was encountered and we have not observed any vascular, digestive or neurological complication. Our data suggest that TVT-O is associated with high objective and subjective SUI cure rates and a low incidence of post-operative complications. Longer follow-up times are required to determine the long-term efficacy of TVT-O. Concluding message The short term results of this prospective study suggest that TVT-O is a safe and efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of female SUI. References 1. Novel surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: Transobturator vaginal tape inside-out. Eur Urol 44:724-730, 2003 2. Elaboration and validation of a specific quality of life questionnaire for urination urgency in women. Prog Urol 7:56-63, 1997 [less ▲]

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See detailSchool van de Hoop. Integratie van maatchappelijk kwetsbare jongeren
Gavray, Claire ULg; Vettenburg, Nicole

Book published by Cera Foundation et Fondation Reine Paola (2004)

présentation des projets aidés par la Fondation Reine Paola et examen des conditions nécessaire au développement et à la réussite de tels projets

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