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See detailNeuronal localization of the 25-kDa specific thiamine triphosphatase in rodent brain
Czerniecki, Jan ULg; Chanas, Grazyna; Verlaet, Myriam ULg et al

in Neuroscience (2004), 125(4), 833-840

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found in small amounts in most organisms from bacteria to mammals, but little is known about its physiological role. In vertebrate tissues, ThTP may act as a phosphate ... [more ▼]

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found in small amounts in most organisms from bacteria to mammals, but little is known about its physiological role. In vertebrate tissues, ThTP may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of certain proteins; this may be part of a new signal transduction pathway. We have recently characterized a highly specific 25-kDa thiamine triphosphatase (ThTPase) that is expressed in most mammalian tissues. The role of this enzyme may be the control of intracellular concentrations of ThTP. As the latter has been considered to be a neuroactive form of thiamine, we have studied the distribution of ThTPase mRNA and protein in rodent brain using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. With both methods, we found the strongest staining in hippocampal pyramidal neurons, as well as cerebellar granule cells and Purkinje cells. Some interneurons were also labeled and many ThTPase mRNA-positive and immunoreactive cells were distributed throughout cerebral cortical gray matter and the thalamus. White matter was not significantly labeled. ThTPase immunoreactivity seems to be located mainly in the cytoplasm of neuronal perikarya. Immunocytochemical data using dissociated cultured cells from hippocampal and cerebellum showed that the staining was more intense in neurons than in astrocytes. The protein was rather uniformly located in the perikarya and dendrites, suggesting that ThTP and ThTPase may play a general role in neuronal metabolism rather than a specific role in excitability. There was no apparent correlation between ThTPase expression and selective vulnerability of certain brain regions to thiamine deficiency. (C) 2004 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnisotropic elasto-plastic finite element analysis using a stress-strain interpolation method based on a polycrystalline model
Habraken, Anne ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg

in International Journal of Plasticity (2004), 20(Issue 8-9), 1525-1560

This paper describes a stress–strain interpolation method to model the macroscopic anisotropic elasto-plastic behavior of polycrystalline materials. Accurate analytical descriptions of yield loci derived ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a stress–strain interpolation method to model the macroscopic anisotropic elasto-plastic behavior of polycrystalline materials. Accurate analytical descriptions of yield loci derived from crystallographic texture [Int. J. Plasticity 19 (2003) 647; J. Phys. IV France 105 (2003) 39] are an interesting alternative to finite element models, where the macroscopic stress is provided by an averaging of microscopic stresses computed on a set of representative crystallites [Acta Metal 22 (1985) 923; Int. J. Plasticity 5 (1989) 67]. The parameters of the analytical functions modeling the yield locus are identified by comparison with a high number of stress tensors computed, for instance, by the well-known Taylor model [J. Inst. Metal 62 (1938) 307]. This identification method depends on the crystallographic texture and should be applied each time that the plastic strain has induced a significant texture evolution. The stress–strain interpolation method accurately describes the anisotropic material behavior in a narrow stress direction defined by only five stress points. The cost of texture updating is then greatly reduced compared to a full analytical function of the yield locus. After the mathematical description of the stress–strain interpolation method, its validity is demonstrated on two non-radial strain paths. The simulations of a deep drawing experiment allow comparing model predictions and measurements. Accuracy and CPU time of the interpolation stress–strain method are judged against two other models, respectively based on a complete analytical yield locus and on the averaging of crystallite stresses. [less ▲]

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See detailLow frequency electromagnetic waves in periodic structures
Guenneau, S.; Nicolet, A.; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in International Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics (2004), 19

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See detailFetometry and fetal heart rates between Day 35 and 108 in bovine pregnancies resulting from transfer of either MOET, IVP-co-culture or IVP-SOF embryos
Breukelman, S. P.; Reinders, J. M. C.; Jonker, F. H. et al

in Theriogenology (2004), 61(5), 867-882

The Large Offspring Syndrome has frequently been reported for in vitro produced calves. The objective of this study was to determine whether any differences in body dimensions (biparietal diameter of the ... [more ▼]

The Large Offspring Syndrome has frequently been reported for in vitro produced calves. The objective of this study was to determine whether any differences in body dimensions (biparietal diameter of the cranium (BPD), cross-section of the abdomen at the insertion of the umbilical cord (CAU)) and heart rate (FHR) can be detected during the first 108 days of gestation between bovine foetuses derived from different methods of embryo production. Three groups of pregnancies with calvings at term resulted from non-surgical transfers of three types of embryos: recipients carrying an embryo obtained by standard MOET procedures (n = 25); recipients carrying an embryo produced in vitro from OPU-derived oocytes, using co-culture-medium (n = 14) or SOF-medium (n = 22). Transrectal ultrasonographic examinations were performed weekly. Ultrasound images were recorded and during off-line analysis FHR, BPD and CAU were determined. For each foetus a curve was fitted and the estimates on fixed time intervals were used as dependent variables in an analysis of variance to detect differences between the three pregnancy groups. Neither gestation length nor birth weight differed significantly between the three pregnancy groups, nor could any differences with respect to BPD, CAU or FHR be detected between Days 35 and 108 of gestation. It is concluded that no differences exist between the early development of bovine foetuses, derived from MOET, IVP-co-culture or IVP-SOF embryos, and resulting in calves with normal birth weights. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly neurophysiological diagnosis of true neurogenic « thoracic outlet syndrome » (TOS)
Hua, MT; DUBUISSON, Annie ULg; Zeevaert, Bernard et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailAperçu de la loi du 2 août 2002 concernant la lutte contre le retard de paiement dans les transactions commerciales
Decharneux, Joëlle ULg

in Chronique de Droit à l’usage des juges de paix et de police (2004)

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See detailAn energy-momentum conserving algorithm for non-linear hypoelastic constitutive models
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2004), 59(1), 83-114

This paper presents an extension of the energy momentum conserving algorithm, usually developed for hyperelastic constitutive models, to the hypoelastic constitutive models. For such a material no ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an extension of the energy momentum conserving algorithm, usually developed for hyperelastic constitutive models, to the hypoelastic constitutive models. For such a material no potential can be defined, and thus the conservation of the energy is ensured only if the elastic work of the deformation can be restored by the scheme. We propose a new expression of internal forces at the element level which is shown to verify this property. We also demonstrate that the work of plastic deformation is positive and consistent with the material model. Finally several numerical applications are presented. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailPassive energy transfer and dissipation for isolation from transcient broadband disturbances
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; McFarland, D. Michael; Kowtko, J. et al

in US-Korea Joint Seminar/Workshop on Smart Structures Technologies, Seoul, 2004 (2004)

We discuss passive nonlinear energy pumping from a linear (main) mechanical structure to a weakly coupled, local, passive nonlinear energy sink (NES). We show that the NES can be designed to effectively ... [more ▼]

We discuss passive nonlinear energy pumping from a linear (main) mechanical structure to a weakly coupled, local, passive nonlinear energy sink (NES). We show that the NES can be designed to effectively absorb vibrational energy from the main structure in a one-way, irreversible fashion. We demonstrate the occurrence of pumping cascades, where an appropriately designed NES passively extracts energy sequentially from a number of modes of the main (linear) structure, interacting individually with each mode before moving to the next. Experimental results confirm our theoretical findings. The applications of the nonlinear energy pumping phenomenon to the problem of vibration and shock isolation will be discussed [less ▲]

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See detailPathologie, leeftijd en geslacht van de olievogels
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Masure, S.

(2004)

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See detailLe recours de l’employeur public en remboursement des rémunérations versées à un agent
Wildemeersch, Jonathan ULg; Jeunehomme, Jean-François ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2004), (6), 248-256

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See detailEnquête sur les "contes" de Voltaire (III)
Tilkin, Françoise ULg

in Cahiers Voltaire : Revue Annuelle de la Société Voltaire (2004), 3

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See detailInternational Conference on Vision Systems
Crowley, James; Piater, Justus ULg

in Machine Vision and Applications (2004), 16(1),

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See detailLes reliques de Stavelot et de Malmedy à l'honneur vers 1040.Dedicatio & Inventio Stabulensis
George, Philippe ULg

in Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique (2004), 99(2, APR-JUN), 347-370

On June 5, 1040, at Stavelot in Ardenne, the royal court attended the consecration of the Benedictine Abbey church. Two years later, the rediscovery of the tomb and relics of Remacle, the holy founder ... [more ▼]

On June 5, 1040, at Stavelot in Ardenne, the royal court attended the consecration of the Benedictine Abbey church. Two years later, the rediscovery of the tomb and relics of Remacle, the holy founder, aroused a renewal of his cult. Two accounts from the middle of the 11th century permit a reconstruction of the events. They show the desire of the reformers to glorify their new construction as the ideal form of the Christian Church, in an era troubled by heresy. [less ▲]

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See detailDuodenitis/Proximal Jejunitis- a retrospective study of 27 cases
Lopez, D; Delguste, Catherine ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailUse of pregnancy specific proteins, P4, PGFM and E1S assays to monitor pregnancy in sheep
Gajewski, Z.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2004), 39(4), 288

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See detailEndocrine profiles, haematology and pregnancy outcomes of late pregnant Holstein dairy heifers sired by bulls giving a high or low incidence of stillbirth
Kornmatitsuk, B.; Dahl, E.; Ropstad, E. et al

in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica (2004), 45(1-2), 47-68

The high incidence of stillbirth in Swedish Holstein heifers has increased continuously during the last 15 years to an average of 11% today. The pathological reasons behind the increased incidence of ... [more ▼]

The high incidence of stillbirth in Swedish Holstein heifers has increased continuously during the last 15 years to an average of 11% today. The pathological reasons behind the increased incidence of stillbirth are unknown. The present experiment was undertaken to investigate possible causes of stillbirth and to study possible physiological markers for predicting stillbirth. Twenty Swedish Holstein dairy heifers sired by bulls with breeding values for a high risk of stillbirth (n = 12) (experimental group) and a low risk of stillbirth (n = 8) (control group, group B) were selected based on information in the Swedish A1-data base. The experimental group consisted of 2 subgroups of heifers (groups A1 and A2) inseminated with 2 different bulls with 3.5% and 9% higher stillbirth rates than the average, and the control group consisted of heifers pregnant with 5 different bulls with 0%-6% lower stillbirth rates than the average. The bull used for group A1 had also calving difficulties due to large calves as compared to the bull in group A2 showing no calving difficulties. The heifers were supervised from 6-7 months of pregnancy up to birth, and the pregnancies and parturitions were compared between groups regarding hormonal levels, haematology, placental characteristics and calf viability. In group A1, 1 stillborn, 1 weak and 4 normal calves were recorded. In group A2, 2 stillborn and 4 normal calves were registered. All animals in the control group gave birth to a normal living calf without any assistance. The weak calf showed deviating profiles of body temperature, saturated oxygen and heart rates, compared with the normal living calves. No differences of the placentome thickness, measured in vivo by Ultrasonography were seen between the groups. The number of leukocytes and differential cell counts in groups A1 and A2 followed the profiles found in the control group. In group A1, a slight decrease of oestrone sulphate (E1S04) levels was found in the animal delivering a stillborn calf from the first 24-h blood sampling at 6 weeks to the second at 3 weeks prior to delivery, while the levels of E1S04 at both periods in the animal delivering a weak calf followed the profile in animals delivering a normal living calf. During late pregnancy and at the time of parturition, the levels of E1SO4 and PAGs in animals delivering a stillborn or weak calf (from group A1) followed the normal profiles found in animals delivering a normal living calf. In group A2, low levels of E1SO4 and pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAGs) over 24 h at both 3 and 6 weeks prior to parturition (<1.5 nmol/L) were recorded in animals delivering a stillborn calf During late pregnancy and parturition, the levels of E1SO4 and PAGs were slightly lower during 30-50 days prior to delivery and increased with a lower magnitude at the time of parturition. In conclusion, our results indicate that the aetiology behind stillbirth varies depending on the AI-bulls used and is associated with dystocia or low viability of the calves. Deviating profiles of oestrone sulphate (E1SO4) and pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAGs) in animals delivering a stillborn calf not caused by dystocia were observed, suggesting placental dysfunction as a possible factor. The finding suggests that the analyses of E1SO4 and PAGs could be used for monitoring foetal well-being in animals with a high risk of stillbirth at term. [less ▲]

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See detailComment j'explore ... une grosse jambe rouge.
Goffin, Véronique ULg; Hermanns-Le, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(3), 155-7

A consultation motivated by an enlarged red leg is a common situation. The causes are multiple and the diagnosis primarily relies on case history and physical examination distinguishing inflammatory red ... [more ▼]

A consultation motivated by an enlarged red leg is a common situation. The causes are multiple and the diagnosis primarily relies on case history and physical examination distinguishing inflammatory red legs from erythemato-violaceous presentations. Additional diagnostic search cannot be described as a single standardized procedure. Each disease calls for specific and different paraclinical investigations. The most frequent cause is erysipelas or a thrombophlebitis. Some vascular malformations and some functional circulatory disturbances are also possible, as well as sequelae of panniculitis or borreliosis. [less ▲]

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