References of "2004"
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See detailThe Role of Nonlocality in the Pinning Properties of Borocarbides Materials
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Thompson, J.R.; Civale, L. et al

in Martins, Barry P. (Ed.) Frontiers in Superconductivity Research (2004)

An experimental review on the influence of nonlocal electrodynamics in the vortex pinning properties of non-magnetic borocarbide superconductors is presented. We show that the pinning force density Fp ... [more ▼]

An experimental review on the influence of nonlocal electrodynamics in the vortex pinning properties of non-magnetic borocarbide superconductors is presented. We show that the pinning force density Fp exhibits a rich and complex anisotropic behavior that sharply contrast with the small mass anisotropy of these compounds. For magnetic fields H applied parallel to the crystallographic c-axis, the first order reorientation transition between two rhombic lattices manifests itself as a kink in Fp(H). For H⊥c-axis, a much larger Fp(H) and a slower relaxation rate is observed. In this field configuration, nonlocality induces a fourfold periodicity in Fp when H is rotated within the square basal plane. Unlike the out-of-plane anisotropy, which persists for increasing impurity levels, the in-plane fourfold anisotropy can be strongly suppressed by reducing the electronic mean free path. This result unambiguously demonstrate that the in-plane anisotropy is a consequence of nonlocal effects. [less ▲]

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See detailA dynamic neighbourhood discovery protocol for active overlay networks
Martin, Sylvain ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2004), 2982

d-RADAR(1) is a neighbourhood discovery protocol for overlay network environments designed for (but not limited to) active network overlays. The core of the algorithm is an expanding ring-search based on ... [more ▼]

d-RADAR(1) is a neighbourhood discovery protocol for overlay network environments designed for (but not limited to) active network overlays. The core of the algorithm is an expanding ring-search based on the IP routing table content augmented with traffic-based and dynamic refreshing techniques that allows it to react to virtual topology changes (nodes joining/leaving the overlay) as well as IP topology changes (broken and repaired link, route changes and moving nodes). This paper presents how the protocol detects overlay candidate nodes using probing capsules and the algorithms needed to select neighbours among the candidates. We also show how d-RADAR keeps the neighbouring table up to date and learns topology changes while keeping a low discovery and refresh overhead. A short summary of simulations carried out with our active network simulator illustrates how these algorithms actually behave. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent data on a current zoonosis: alveolar echinococcosis due to Echinococcus multilocularis
Hanosset, Régis; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), 148(4), 153-167

E. multilocularis is a small tapeworm which uses different species of foxes and rodents as final and intermediate hosts respectively. In humans, infection with the metacestode stage can result in a ... [more ▼]

E. multilocularis is a small tapeworm which uses different species of foxes and rodents as final and intermediate hosts respectively. In humans, infection with the metacestode stage can result in a potentially lethal liver condition named alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Recent studies in central Europe have show that E. multilocularis has a wider geographic range than previously anticipated. By the end of the 1980s, endemic areas of E. multilocularis were know to exist in only four countries, but now the parasite is present in at least 14 European countries. This paper provide recent data on the biology of E. multilocularis, the epidemiology of AE and the different tools which are available to treat or prevent this disease which seems in apparent extension. [less ▲]

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See detailHospital outbreak of gastroenteritis due to norovirus in Belgium
Verbelen, V.; Bodeus, Monique; Garrino, M. G. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2004), 59(1, JAN-FEB), 30-33

We report an outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Norovirus in a care unit in a Belgian hospital involving thirty-three people. The origin of the outbreak was traced to one nursing assistant. The virus ... [more ▼]

We report an outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Norovirus in a care unit in a Belgian hospital involving thirty-three people. The origin of the outbreak was traced to one nursing assistant. The virus strain identified by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and electron microscopy belonged to the genogroup II. [less ▲]

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See detailLa brique cuite
Berthelet, Yann ULg

E-print/Working paper (2004)

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See detailMarble classification using scale spaces
Dislaire, Godefroid; Pirard, Eric ULg; Vanrell, Maria

in Prykryl, R. (Ed.) Dimension Stone (2004)

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See detailCarbon dynamics and CO2 air-sea exchanges in the eutrophicated coastal waters of the Southern Bight of the North Sea: a modelling study
Gypens, N.; Lancelot, Christiane; Borges, Alberto ULg

in Biogeosciences (2004), 1(2), 147-157

A description of the carbonate system has been incorporated in the MIRO biogeochemical model to investigate the contribution of diatom and Phaeocystis blooms to the seasonal dynamics of air-sea CO2 ... [more ▼]

A description of the carbonate system has been incorporated in the MIRO biogeochemical model to investigate the contribution of diatom and Phaeocystis blooms to the seasonal dynamics of air-sea CO2 exchanges in the Eastern Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea, with focus on the eutrophied Belgian coastal waters. For this application, the model was implemented in a simplified three-box representation of the hydrodynamics with the open ocean boundary box ‘Western English Channel’ (WCH) and the ‘French Coastal Zone’ (FCZ) and ‘Belgian Coastal Zone’ (BCZ) boxes receiving carbon and nutrients from the rivers Seine and Scheldt, respectively. Results were obtained by running the model for the 1996–1999 period. The simulated partial pressures of CO2 (pCO2) were successfully compared with data recorded over the same period in the central BCZ at station 330 (51 26.050 N; 002 48.500 E). Budget calculations based on model simulations of carbon flow rates indicated for BCZ a low annual sink of atmospheric CO2 (−0.17 mol C m−2 y−1). On the opposite, surface water pCO2 in WCH was estimated to be at annual equilibrium with respect to atmospheric CO2. The relative contribution of biological, chemical and physical processes to the modelled seasonal variability of pCO2 in BCZ was further explored by running model scenarios with separate closures of biological activities and/or river inputs of carbon. The suppression of biological processes reversed direction of the CO2 flux in BCZ that became, on an annual scale, a significant source for atmospheric CO2 (+0.53mol C m−2 y−1). Overall biological activity had a stronger influence on the modelled seasonal cycle of pCO2 than temperature. Especially Phaeocystis colonies which growth in spring were associated with an important sink of atmospheric CO2 that counteracted the temperature-driven increase of pCO2 at this period of the year. However, river inputs of organic and inorganic carbon were shown to increase the surface water pCO2 and hence the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere. Same calculations conducted in WCH, showed that temperature was the main factor controlling the seasonal pCO2 cycle in these open ocean waters. The effect of interannual variations of fresh water discharge (and related nutrient and carbon inputs), temperature and wind speed was further explored by running scenarios with forcing typical of two contrasted years (1996 and 1999). Based on these simulations, the model predicts significant variations in the intensity and direction of the annual air-sea CO2 flux. [less ▲]

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See detailTrophic specialisations in alternative heterochronic morphs
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Schabetsberger, Robert; Joly, Pierre

in Naturwissenschaften (Die) (2004), 91(2), 81-84

Polymorphisms are suspected of reducing competition among conspecifics in heterogeneous environments by allowing differential resource use. However the adaptive significance of alternative morphs has been ... [more ▼]

Polymorphisms are suspected of reducing competition among conspecifics in heterogeneous environments by allowing differential resource use. However the adaptive significance of alternative morphs has been poorly documented. The aim of this study is to determine food partitioning of two heterochronic morphs of the Alpine newt, Triturus alpestris, in mountain lakes. The morphs differ in the functional morphology of their feeding apparatus. Only paedomorphs are able to expel water during prey suction behind the mouth through gill slits. We observed a substantial trophic differentiation between morphs in all lakes. Paedomorphs preyed mainly on plankton, whereas metamorphs foraged on terrestrial invertebrates that fell upon the water surface. This resource partitioning may facilitate the coexistence of the alternative morphs in lakes devoid of vertebrate competitors. Food diversity may thus favour the evolutionary maintenance of facultative polymorphism in natural populations. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of haemodialysis on acoustic shear wave propagation in the skin.
Uhoda, I.; Petite, Louicette ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2004), 209(2), 95-100

BACKGROUND: Diverse skin alterations may develop in patients under chronic haemodialysis. Among them, signs of premature photo-ageing have been described. AIM: To assess alterations in the physical ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Diverse skin alterations may develop in patients under chronic haemodialysis. Among them, signs of premature photo-ageing have been described. AIM: To assess alterations in the physical properties of skin consistent with ageing effects and with cutaneous fluid exchanges during haemodialysis sessions. METHODS: In the first part of the study, 45 haemodialysed patients were compared to 45 age-, sex- and body-mass-index-matched healthy subjects. In the second part of the study, skin of 30 haemodialysed patients was assessed immediately before and after a haemodialysis session. The speed of ultrasound shear wave propagation was measured in each subject. Series of 16 multidirectional resonance running time measurements (RRTM) were performed on the forehead and/or the volar forearm. They were averaged for each subject. The corresponding intra-individual coefficients of variation were calculated as an estimate of the skin mechanical anisotropy. RESULTS: In both haemodialysed patients and their matched controls, RRTM values were significantly higher on the forearms than on the forehead. By contrast, no significant difference was found in RRTM values that could be ascribed to chronic haemodialysis. However, RRTM values were significantly increased as an immediate and probably transient effect of haemodialysis sessions. In healthy subjects, ageing was associated with increased RRTM values. CONCLUSION: Chronic haemodialysis does not appear to influence significantly the functional expression of the dermal ageing process. Subtle fluid movements occurring in the skin during haemodialysis sessions can be assessed by measuring non-invasively the speed of ultrasound shear wave propagation in the skin. [less ▲]

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See detailConcrete surface treatments quantification by means of mechanical profilometry
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrzej; Gorka, M.

in Maultzsch, M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Polymers in Concrete ICPIC 2004 (2004)

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlock with repair material. Surface mechanical morphometry is based on the measurement of surface profile ... [more ▼]

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlock with repair material. Surface mechanical morphometry is based on the measurement of surface profile - profilometry - which can be extended to 3D representation with surfometry by means of a stylus registering the profile. Profilometry and surfometry analysis were realized on concrete after different surface treatments (grinding, sandblasting, shotblasting, hand- and mechanical milling). The profile has been quantified by means of statistical and amplitude parameters calculated from the waviness (lower frequencies) and the roughness (higher frequencies) profiles of the surface. Bearing ratio and Abbott's curve observations are also very useful to characterise surface profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailVers des normes francophones pour le Rorschach en système intégré : premiers résultats sur un échantillon de 146 adultes
Sultan, Serge; Andronikof, Anne; Fouques, Damien et al

in Psychologie Française (2004), 49(1), 7-24

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See detailBoost Customer Loyalty With Online Support: The Case of Mobile Telecoms Providers
Van Riel, Allard ULg; Lemmink, Jos; Streukens, Alexandra ULg et al

in International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising (2004), 1(1), 4-23

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See detailThe Bryophyte Layer In A Calcareous Grassland After A Decade Of Contrasting Mowing Regimes
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Delescaille, Lm.; Jacquemart, Al.

in Biological Conservation (2004), 117(1),

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See detailL’architecture comme représentation de la justice pénale
Tieleman, David ULg

in GAMBARDELLA, Carmine; MARTUSCIELLO, Sabina (Eds.) Le Vie deai Mercanti : rappresentazione come governo della modificazione (2004)

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See detailApproche quantitative de la consommation alimentaire en Région wallonne
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Cordier, L.

in Rencontre Agriculture – Alimentation – Santé (2004)

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