References of "2004"
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See detailComment j'explore ... les dermites des langes.
Flagothier, Caroline ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(2), 106-9

Diaper dermatitis is a frequent condition. Several clinical types are distinguished. The most frequent type results from increased fragility of the newborn buttock skin when covered by diapers. According ... [more ▼]

Diaper dermatitis is a frequent condition. Several clinical types are distinguished. The most frequent type results from increased fragility of the newborn buttock skin when covered by diapers. According to the mechanisms involved and the severity of the dermatitis, one can distinguish the intertrigo of the chubby baby, and the so-called "W", "Y" and "red panties" types of diaper dermatitis. When the effects of occlusion are not controlled by adequate absorption by the diapers, hyperhydration of the stratum corneum occurs and progresses to maceration. As a result, the value of the coefficient of friction of the skin increases with epidermal weakening to rubbing. In addition, fecal enzymes (urease, proteases and lipases) alter urines and skin. Judicious hygiene measures and the correct choice of diapers are mandatory. Cutaneous colonization by microorganisms, the most important of which being Candida albicans, is the main complication. Adequate preventive and curative measures can combat diaper dermatitis with confidence. A miconazole paste allows to improve the tribological properties of the interface between diapers and the skin. It also abates the impact of Candida albicans in the pathogenesis of the skin disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailA Real-Time Grading Method Of Apples Based On Features Extracted From Defects
Leemans, Vincent ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Journal of Food Engineering (2004), 61(1),

This paper presents a hierarchical grading method applied to Jonagold apples. Several images covering the whole surface of the fruits were acquired thanks to a prototype grading machine. These images were ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a hierarchical grading method applied to Jonagold apples. Several images covering the whole surface of the fruits were acquired thanks to a prototype grading machine. These images were then segmented and the features of the defects were extracted. During a learning procedure, the objects were classified into clusters by k-mean clustering. The classification probabilities of the objects were summarised and on this basis the fruits were graded using quadratic discriminant analysis. The fruits were correctly graded with a rate of 73 %. The errors were found having origins in the segmentation of the defects or for a particular wound, in a confusion with the calyx end. [less ▲]

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See detailNew insights to the pathogenesis of acute pulmonary edema in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction: role of dynamic mitral regurgitation
Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Bauer, C.; Stainier, P. Y. et al

in European Heart Journal (2004), 25(Suppl. S), 589

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See detailEcho du 9e colloque de l'AiRDF, Québec 26-28 aout 2004 : "Le français, discipline singulière, plurielle ou transversale ?"
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2004), 60

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See detailPalynology of the Devonian Jauf Formation from the Northeastern part of the Arabian Shield
Al-Ruwaili, M.; Breuer, P.; Higgs, K. et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailDe prosodie van het Frans en van het Nederlands: een contrastieve blik
Rasier, Laurent ULg

in Handelingen van de Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal-, Letterkunde en Geschiedenis (2004)

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See detailHadron spin-flip amplitude: an analysis of the new A(N) data from RHIC
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Selyugin, Oleg Viktorovich

in Czechoslovak Journal of Physics (2004), 54(Suppl. B), 161-166

Through a direct analysis of the scattering amplitude, we show that the preliminary measurement of AN obtained by the E950 Collaboration at different energies leads to the large slope of the scattering ... [more ▼]

Through a direct analysis of the scattering amplitude, we show that the preliminary measurement of AN obtained by the E950 Collaboration at different energies leads to the large slope of the scattering amplitude and are mainly sensitive to the chosen of the energy behavior of the p(s,t). [less ▲]

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See detailPotential neuroprotective properties of atracurium and cisatracurium in neurosurgical anaesthesia
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg

in European Journal of Anaesthesiology (2004), 21(4), 334-335

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See detailCarbon dynamics and CO2 air-sea exchanges in the eutrophicated coastal waters of the Southern Bight of the North Sea: a modelling study
Gypens, N.; Lancelot, Christiane; Borges, Alberto ULg

in Biogeosciences (2004), 1(2), 147-157

A description of the carbonate system has been incorporated in the MIRO biogeochemical model to investigate the contribution of diatom and Phaeocystis blooms to the seasonal dynamics of air-sea CO2 ... [more ▼]

A description of the carbonate system has been incorporated in the MIRO biogeochemical model to investigate the contribution of diatom and Phaeocystis blooms to the seasonal dynamics of air-sea CO2 exchanges in the Eastern Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea, with focus on the eutrophied Belgian coastal waters. For this application, the model was implemented in a simplified three-box representation of the hydrodynamics with the open ocean boundary box ‘Western English Channel’ (WCH) and the ‘French Coastal Zone’ (FCZ) and ‘Belgian Coastal Zone’ (BCZ) boxes receiving carbon and nutrients from the rivers Seine and Scheldt, respectively. Results were obtained by running the model for the 1996–1999 period. The simulated partial pressures of CO2 (pCO2) were successfully compared with data recorded over the same period in the central BCZ at station 330 (51 26.050 N; 002 48.500 E). Budget calculations based on model simulations of carbon flow rates indicated for BCZ a low annual sink of atmospheric CO2 (−0.17 mol C m−2 y−1). On the opposite, surface water pCO2 in WCH was estimated to be at annual equilibrium with respect to atmospheric CO2. The relative contribution of biological, chemical and physical processes to the modelled seasonal variability of pCO2 in BCZ was further explored by running model scenarios with separate closures of biological activities and/or river inputs of carbon. The suppression of biological processes reversed direction of the CO2 flux in BCZ that became, on an annual scale, a significant source for atmospheric CO2 (+0.53mol C m−2 y−1). Overall biological activity had a stronger influence on the modelled seasonal cycle of pCO2 than temperature. Especially Phaeocystis colonies which growth in spring were associated with an important sink of atmospheric CO2 that counteracted the temperature-driven increase of pCO2 at this period of the year. However, river inputs of organic and inorganic carbon were shown to increase the surface water pCO2 and hence the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere. Same calculations conducted in WCH, showed that temperature was the main factor controlling the seasonal pCO2 cycle in these open ocean waters. The effect of interannual variations of fresh water discharge (and related nutrient and carbon inputs), temperature and wind speed was further explored by running scenarios with forcing typical of two contrasted years (1996 and 1999). Based on these simulations, the model predicts significant variations in the intensity and direction of the annual air-sea CO2 flux. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation du cycle SMART de gestion qualité des évaluations standardisées dans le contexte d'une Haute Ecole: regard critique en termes de validité, fidélité, sensibilité des mesures, diagnosticité, praticabilité, équité et communicabilité
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg; Lovinfosse, Vinciane

in Arzola Medina, Sergio (Ed.) XIV congreso mundial de ciencias de la educacion : educatores para una nueva cultura (2004)

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See detailEmbrionális mortalitás diagnosztikai lehetőségei szarvasmarhában
Szenci, O.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg

in Proceedings : 5th Middle-European Buiatrics Congress (2004)

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See detailProposition d’une méthode de typologie hydro-géomorphologique des cours d’eau et tes sur un sous-bassin du Rhône (Bassin de l’Yzeron).
Schmitt, Laurent; Valette, L.; Valin, K. et al

in MOSELLA, XXIX (3-4) (2004)

Proposal of a method of hydro-geomorphological typology of rivers and test of a sub-basin of the Rhône River (Yzeron basin). The paper proposes a hydro-geomorphological typology method of watercourses ... [more ▼]

Proposal of a method of hydro-geomorphological typology of rivers and test of a sub-basin of the Rhône River (Yzeron basin). The paper proposes a hydro-geomorphological typology method of watercourses that might potentially be used in western Europe. The method was tested in the Yzeron basin (France). Field data were collected and analysed by multivariate statistics. Statistical results were consistent with the results of the typology model. Some recommendations are also made for the future development of automatic methods of characterization-sectorization of rivers. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative titration of ginsenosides by different techniques in commercial ginseng products and callus cultures
Kevers, Claire ULg; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Gaspar, Thomas ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatographic Science (2004), 42(10, Nov-Dec), 554-558

The ginsenoside content of different ginseng species (Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolium, and P. vietnamensis) from different sources (roots from field-grown plants or from in vitro cultures, cells from ... [more ▼]

The ginsenoside content of different ginseng species (Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolium, and P. vietnamensis) from different sources (roots from field-grown plants or from in vitro cultures, cells from solid calluses or from liquid cultures, commercial powders, and suspensions) is evaluated by means of a new high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) technique combining an automatic TLC sampler and scanner. The results are compared with those obtained through more classical gross spectrometric and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. HPTLC and HPLC allow the separation and estimation of the different ginsenosides. For this, HPTLC is faster and simpler than HPLC. Both techniques determine less amounts of ginsenosides than spectrophotometry, which displays overestimated values caused by light absorption by contaminating osides. In vitro cultured cells and roots contain the same ginsenosides as those produced by their mother plants, although at quite lower levels. The culture media also accumulates ginsenosides. [less ▲]

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See detailLes livres dans le monde gréco-romain
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

Computer development (2004)

Virtual exhibition on the world of books and libraries in Graeco-Roman antiquity

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See detailPosition of the Moesian platform at the Lochkovian. Hypothesis based on miospores
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lakova, I.; Breuer, P.

Conference (2004)

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See detailApplications cliniques de la stimulation magnetique transcranienne repetitive.
MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59 Suppl 1

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), when delivered in trains of pulses is able to induce long-lasting changes of excitability of neuronal networks, not only in the vicinity of the stimulating coil ... [more ▼]

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), when delivered in trains of pulses is able to induce long-lasting changes of excitability of neuronal networks, not only in the vicinity of the stimulating coil, but also at distant sites. Results of stimulation experiments over the motor cortex indicate that the effects (excitatory or inhibitory) depend on the frequency of stimulation. These data have prompted researchers to use repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a therapeutic tool in various brain disorders, most notably depression. However, as long as large randomized trials have not been conducted, rTMS cannot be recommended as an alternative to validated conventional therapies of such disorders. [less ▲]

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