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See detailOlfactory responses to aphid and host plant volatile releases: (E)-beta-farnesene an effective kairomone for the predator Adalia bipunctata.
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Journal of Chemical Ecology (2004), 30(4), 741-55

The volatiles released from several aphid and host plant species, alone or associated, were studied for their infochemical role in prey location. Using a four-arm olfactometer, the attraction of several ... [more ▼]

The volatiles released from several aphid and host plant species, alone or associated, were studied for their infochemical role in prey location. Using a four-arm olfactometer, the attraction of several combinations of three aphid (Myzus persicae, Acyrthosiphon pisum, and Brevicoryne brassicae) and three plant (Vicia faba, Brassica napus, and Sinapis alba) species toward Adalia bipunctata larvae and adults was observed. Both predatory larvae and adults were attracted only by A. pisum and M. persicae when they were crushed, whatever the host plant. (E)-beta-farnesene, the aphid alarm pheromone, was the effective kairomone for the ladybird. Plant leaves alone (V. faba, B. napus, and S. alba) or in association with nonstressed whole aphids (the three species) did not have any attraction for the predator. The B. brassicae specialist aphid is the only prey that was not attracted to A. bipunctata larvae and adults, even if they were crushed. Release of B. brassicae molecules similar to the host plant allelochemicals was demonstrated by GC-MS analysis. The lack of behavioral response of the ladybird at short distance toward the cruciferous specialist aphid was related only to the absence of (E)-beta-farnesene in the aphid prey volatile pattern. [less ▲]

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See detailL'initiative des Quatre et la défense européenne
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Sur, Serge (Ed.) Annuaire français de relations internationales 2004 (2004)

Le 29 avril 2003, un groupe de pays européens – Allemagne, Belgique, France, Luxembourg – se réunissait à Bruxelles pour proposer une série d’initiatives visant à améliorer l’outillage de la sécurité ... [more ▼]

Le 29 avril 2003, un groupe de pays européens – Allemagne, Belgique, France, Luxembourg – se réunissait à Bruxelles pour proposer une série d’initiatives visant à améliorer l’outillage de la sécurité européenne. Surfant sur le principe des coopérations renforcées, soutenant une meilleure réactivité de la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense, cette initiative subit les pressions américaines, britanniques et des pays européens dit non-alignés. Ceux-ci considéraient ce processus intra-européen comme une duplication de moyens (quartier général) et un élément supplémentaire de tensions dans le champ transatlantique, au moment même où la crise irakienne alimentait de profondes divergences entre alliés. Néanmoins, la nouvelle posture britannique tendrait à assimiler en partie les propositions des Quatre afin de maximiser à terme son positionnement de leader dans le cadre européen tout en garantissant la prépondérance du socle transatlantique. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentité et intégration
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailPas si bête ... ou le propre de l'animal.
Poncin, Pascal ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Ruwet, Jean-Claude

Conference (2004)

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See detailDetermination of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein, P4, E1S and PgFM concentrations in the sheep during pregnancy
Gajewski, Z.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Thun, R.

in Proceedings: 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, Québec, Canada (2004)

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See detailIsolation and characterisation of new alien monosomic addition lines of Gossypium australe F. Muell. on G. hirsutum L.
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Sarr, D.; Ahoton, L. et al

in Proceedings of the 2004 International cotton initiative workshop (2004)

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See detailVerocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli : Who's who?
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailEffects of interleukin-1 beta and dexamethasone on the expression by chondrocytes of antioxidant enzymes
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Devel, Philippe; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2004), 12(Suppl. B), 51-52

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See detailType noun constructions
Brems, Lieselotte ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailUne approche cognitive en psychopathologie
Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Ferreri, M. (Ed.) Anxiété, anxiolytiques et troubles cognitifs (2004)

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See detailMultispectral imaging of ore minerals in optical microscopy
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Mineralogical Magazine (2004), 68(2), 323-333

Multispectral imaging of ore minerals under the microscope is a logical extension of quantitative colour analysis and microspectrophotometric analysis of minerals. This paper describes, step by step, how ... [more ▼]

Multispectral imaging of ore minerals under the microscope is a logical extension of quantitative colour analysis and microspectrophotometric analysis of minerals. This paper describes, step by step, how the proper calibration of a scientific video camera can be performed in order to obtain precise reflectance measurements at each pixel within the field of view. After having reviewed the different sources of noise and aberration, practical formulae are presented that allow for the acquisition of a set of images at different wavelengths in the visible spectrum. The advantage of using a multispectral image acquisition system based on narrow bandwidth (10 nm) interference filters is discussed and quantitatively compared to colour imaging using tri-stimulus (red, green, blue) filters. Images taken from major sulphide parageneses are shown as examples of well contrasted multispectral images. Finally, the potential for automatic identification of ore minerals is discussed with reference to supervised multivariate image classification algorithms similar to those used in remote sensing. Additional comments on extending the principles for handling optical anisotropy and developing a multiradial imaging system are made. [less ▲]

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See detailConversation sur la couleur des hommes
Rubbers, Benjamin ULg

Article for general public (2004)

Cet article porte sur l'héritage du racisme colonial dans le Congo contemporain.

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See detailIsokinetic strength and fatigue of the elbow flexors and extensors in sedentary women
Maquet, Didier ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2004), 12(3), 203-208

Objective. To establish the inter-session reproducibility of isokinetic concentric strength and fatigue profile of the elbow flexors and extensors in sedentary women. Methods. Forty healthy women who were ... [more ▼]

Objective. To establish the inter-session reproducibility of isokinetic concentric strength and fatigue profile of the elbow flexors and extensors in sedentary women. Methods. Forty healthy women who were physically inactive or engaged in recreational sports were included in the study. Strength was evaluated at 60 and 180 degrees/s. The fatigue protocol consisted of 30 maximal-intensity elbow flexion and extension at 180 degrees/s. Results. The extensors were stronger than flexors while no dominance effect was apparent. In addition the work output of the extensors during the fatigue protocol was larger than the flexors', the previous being more fatigue resistant. A dominance effect was observed for the extensors in the fatiguing protocol. Reproducibility expressed by the coefficient of variation was less or equal to 11%. Conclusions. This study highlights satisfactory reproducibility of isokinetic strength and fatigue parameters. The values derived may be useful for interpretation of clinical tests or characterization of pathological states in women with similar characteristics. [less ▲]

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See detailSkin compatibility of cyclodextrins and their derivatives: a comparative assessment using a corneoxenometry bioassay.
Piel, Géraldine ULg; Moutard, S.; Uhoda, Emmanuelle ULg et al

in European Journal of Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics (2004), 57(3), 479-82

Few studies have been performed to assess the risk of skin damage by cyclodextrins (CD) and they have yielded contradictory results. The present study was conducted using the corneoxenometry bioassay on ... [more ▼]

Few studies have been performed to assess the risk of skin damage by cyclodextrins (CD) and they have yielded contradictory results. The present study was conducted using the corneoxenometry bioassay on human stratum corneum to compare the skin compatibility of CD currently used in pharmaceutical preparations (betaCD, gammaCD, Rameb, Dimeb, Trimeb, HP-betaCD and HP-gammaCD) and that of new amphiphilic CD derivatives, namely, the phospholipidyl-CD (DMPE-Dimeb and DMPE-Trimeb). All the tested CD were well tolerated by the stratum corneum at a concentration of 5%. However, inter-individual reactivity was larger for DMPE-Dimeb, suggesting a more aggressive trend for this compound. Cutaneous Index of Mildness values obtained confirm that Dimeb is able to extract some skin components and shows that DMPE-Dimeb performs similarly. [less ▲]

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See detailHCV genotype 4 in Belgium: epidemiological characteristics
REENAERS, Catherine ULg; DELWAIDE, Jean ULg; GERARD, Christiane ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2004), (67), 03

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See detailEffect of secondary schools on academic choices and on success in higher education
Pustjens, Heidi; Van De Gaer, Eva ULg; Van Damme, Jan et al

in School Effectiveness & School Improvement (2004)

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See detailPolitics in China. Moving Frontiers
Florence, Eric ULg

in China Information (2004), Volule XVIII(n°2),

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See detailConspiracism as part of the extreme right ideology
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailEvaluation of immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a Microsporum canis metalloprotease subunit vaccine in guinea pigs.
Vermout, Sandy M; Brouta, Frederic D; Descamps, Frederic F et al

in FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology (2004), 40(1), 75-80

In order to identify protective immunogens against Microsporum canis infection, a purified recombinant keratinolytic metalloprotease (r-MEP3) was tested as a subunit vaccine in experimentally infected ... [more ▼]

In order to identify protective immunogens against Microsporum canis infection, a purified recombinant keratinolytic metalloprotease (r-MEP3) was tested as a subunit vaccine in experimentally infected guinea pigs. Both humoral and cellular specific immune responses developing towards r-MEP3 were evaluated, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and by in vitro lymphocyte transformation tests respectively. Vaccination induced a strong antibody response, and a significant but transient lymphoproliferative response against the protein. However, the protocol failed to prevent fungal invasion or development of dermatophytic lesions. These results show that under the present experimental conditions, r-MEP3 specific antibodies are not protective against a challenge exposure. They also suggest that in the same model, the induction of cell-mediated immunity towards r-MEP3 is not sufficient, indicating the need for further research in the field of specific immune mechanisms involved in M. canis dermatophytosis. [less ▲]

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