References of "2004"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparaison des analyses sérologiques et bactériologiques de détection des salmonelles dans le suivi sanitaire d'exploitations porcines
Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Leroy, Bernadette ULg; Etienne, Grégory et al

in 36èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine (2004)

The significance of a Salmonella serological technique has been evaluated in 91 batches from 9 pigs fattening herds. Samples for bacteriology (method based on motility of Salmonella in semi-solid medium ... [more ▼]

The significance of a Salmonella serological technique has been evaluated in 91 batches from 9 pigs fattening herds. Samples for bacteriology (method based on motility of Salmonella in semi-solid medium) were taken at different steps during fattening: 2, 3 and 4 months after the beginning of the fattening period. The serological test (Salmotype Pig-LPSElisa) has been applied on meat juice obtained after thawing of diaphragm meat cuts taken on the slaughter line. The performances of the serological method were evaluated by choosing microbiological method as reference. Correlations were practiced by comparing results of optical densities of samples with cut-off values corresponding to 4 different antibody concentrations. Forty-eight different possibilities have thus been created depending on the percentage of positive samples above the cut-off value and in function of arithmetic and geometric means. The results have shown that negative predictive values ranged from 52.8 and 100 % and that the relative sensitivity varied between 4.5 and 100 %. One classification model appeared better than the others due to maximization of Kappa, negative predictive and relative sensitivity values: batch considered positive when at least 50 % of samples were characterized by an optical density higher than OD20% (optical density corresponding to an antibody concentration of 20 %). The present experiment showed the importance of good classification of individual serological results in order to strengthen the on-farm bacteriological surveillance of herds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa loi du 6 janvier 2003 concernant les méthodes particulières de recherche et quelques autres méthodes d’enquête : un tournant dans la procédure pénale belge
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2004)

analyse de la loi du 6 janvier 2003 introduisant les méthodes particulières de recherche en droit belge

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUn sanctuaire thérapeutique du dieu lunaire Mên à Antioche de Pisidie
Nissen, Cécile ULg

in Musajo-Somma, Alfredo (Ed.) Actes du 39ème Congrès International d'Histoire de la Médecine : Bari-Metaponto, 5-10 September 2004, vol. I (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic Analysis Used to Cope with Partial and Temporary Failures
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Gens, Frederic

in Franssen, Jean-Marc; Benichou, Nouredine; Kodur, Venkatesh (Eds.) et al Proceedings of SiF'04: Third International Structures in Fire workshop (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThree-dimensional organization of rDNA and transcription
Ploton, Dominique; O'Donohue, Marie-Christine; Cheutin, Thierry et al

in Olson, Mark (Ed.) The nucleolus. Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (1 ULg)
See detailAuroral and Non-auroral X-ray Emissions from Jupiter: A Comparative View
Bhardwaj, A.; Elsner, R.; Gladstone, R. et al

Poster (2004)

Jovian X-rays can be broadly classified into two categories: (1) "auroral" emission, which is confined to high-latitudes ( ˜>60° ) at both polar regions, and (2) "dayglow" emission, which originates from ... [more ▼]

Jovian X-rays can be broadly classified into two categories: (1) "auroral" emission, which is confined to high-latitudes ( ˜>60° ) at both polar regions, and (2) "dayglow" emission, which originates from the sunlit low-latitude ( ˜<50° ) regions of the disk (hereafter called "disk" emissions). Recent X-ray observations of Jupiter by Chandra and XMM-Newton have shown that these two types of X-ray emission from Jupiter have different morphological, temporal, and spectral characteristics. In particular: 1) contrary to the auroral X-rays, which are concentrated in a spot in the north and in a band that runs half-way across the planet in the south, the low-latitude X-ray disk is almost uniform; 2) unlike the ˜40±20-min periodic oscillations seen in the auroral X-ray emissions, the disk emissions do not show any periodic oscillations; 3) the disk emission is harder and extends to higher energies than the auroral spectrum; and 4) the disk X-ray emission show time variability similar to that seen in solar X-rays. These differences and features imply that the processes producing X-rays are different at these two latitude regions on Jupiter. We will present the details of these and other features that suggest the differences between these two classes of X-ray emissions from Jupiter, and discuss the current scenario of the production mechanism of them. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (3 ULg)
See detailDéfis et mutations de la citoyenneté face aux recompositions de l’état
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Herman, Jacques; Marques-Pereira, Bérengère

in Paye, Olivier (Ed.) Que reste-t-il de l’état ? (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe Emergence of Social Enterprise
Borzaga, Carlo; Defourny, Jacques ULg

Book published by Routledge - 2d Edition (paperback) (2004)

This book provides the very first overview of social enterprise models emerging in all 15 countries which were member states of the European Union in the 1990's. Such an overview is based on a common ... [more ▼]

This book provides the very first overview of social enterprise models emerging in all 15 countries which were member states of the European Union in the 1990's. Such an overview is based on a common analytical grid which is known as the EMES approach to social enterprise. The second part offers theoretical lines along which many subsequent works have been developed. Funded by the 4th Framework Programme of the European Commission's DG Research, the 4-year research project which resulted in that book and was entitled EMES (the acronym of the project's title in French - émergence de l'entreprise sociale) also served as a first building block for the creation of the EMES European Research Network. see www.emes.net [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 163 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVers une réforme du Fonds des communes en Région wallonne
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Courrier Hebdomadaire du CRISP (2004), (1849-1850), 5-74

This paper analyses the whole debate on the reform of the general grant mechanism ("Fonds des Communes") aimed at walloon municipalities. Developments in other Belgian Regions are also considered.

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (4 ULg)
See detailCatalogus van de Post-incunabelen bewaard in de Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België
Adam, Renaud ULg

E-print/Working paper (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCensure et sens commun professionnel
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Durand, Pascal (Ed.) Médias et Censure. Figures de l’orthodoxie (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAntiapoptotic effect of GM-CSF activated STAT5 signaling pathway in chronic mastitis-affected cows : possible involvement in persistent accumulation of neutrophils in milk
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Gillet, Laurent ULg et al

in Congress COST Action 844: “Apoptosis and programmed cell death : molecular mechanisms and applications in Biotechnology and Agriculture” (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailContinuous subcutaneous insulin infusion with short-acting insulin analogues or human regular insulin: efficacy, safety, quality of life, and cost-effectiveness.
Radermecker, Régis ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Reviews (2004), 20(3), 178-88

Portable insulin infusion devices are effective and safe insulin delivery systems for managing diabetes mellitus, especially type 1 diabetes. Rapidly absorbed insulin analogues, such as insulin lispro or ... [more ▼]

Portable insulin infusion devices are effective and safe insulin delivery systems for managing diabetes mellitus, especially type 1 diabetes. Rapidly absorbed insulin analogues, such as insulin lispro or insulin aspart, may offer an advantage over regular human insulin for insulin pumps. Several open-label randomised crossover trials demonstrated that continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) with insulin lispro provided a better control of postprandial hyperglycaemia and a slightly but significantly lower glycated haemoglobin level, with lower daily insulin requirement and similar or even less hypoglycaemic episodes. A CSII study comparing insulin lispro and insulin aspart demonstrated similar results with the two analogues, and better results than those with regular insulin. Because these analogues have a quicker onset and a shorter duration of action than regular insulin, one might expect an earlier and greater metabolic deterioration in case of CSII interruption, but a more rapid correction of metabolic abnormalities after insulin boluses when reactivating the pump. These expectations were confirmed in randomised protocols comparing the metabolic changes occurring during and after CSII interruption of various durations when the pump infused either insulin lispro or regular insulin. The extra cost resulting from the use of CSII and insulin analogues in diabetes management should be compensated for by better metabolic control and quality of life. In conclusion, CSII delivering fast-acting insulin analogues may be considered as one of the best methods to replace insulin in a physiological manner by mimicking meal and basal insulin requirements, without higher risk of hypoglycaemia or ketoacidosis in well-educated diabetic patients. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (8 ULg)
See detail"Von kürzester Dauer" oder Die Dissoziation des Ich : Zu einigen Texten von Zehra Cirak.
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Borsò, Vittoria; Görling, Reinhold (Eds.) Kulturelle Topografien (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompte rendu de "La costanza della ragione. Soggetto Oggetto e testualità nella poesia italiana del Novecento"
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

in Stilistica e Metrica Italiana (2004), IV(4), 243-45

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElaboration of new formulations to remove micropollutants in MSWI flue gas
Brasseur, Alain; Gambin, Amandine; Laudet, Alain et al

in Chemosphere (2004), 56(8), 745-756

This study consists in identifying and testing potential inorganic substitutes to carbon based materials commonly used as adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants such as dioxins and furans ... [more ▼]

This study consists in identifying and testing potential inorganic substitutes to carbon based materials commonly used as adsorbents for the removal of organic pollutants such as dioxins and furans released from Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators (MSWI). Although carbon materials enable to reach the current regulation in terms of dioxins and furans emissions, they exhibit a potential auto ignition risk when present in hot flue gases. Here, the adsorption potential of carbon based products is compared to the one of some inorganic materials. Chlorobenzene was chosen as a reference molecule to compare the removal performance of the different adsorbents. This comparison was based on the determination of the adsorption energies derived from temperature programmed desorption (TPD) experiments. In the first part of this study, five inorganic materials were selected according to their chlorobenzene adsorption performance compared to those of carbon based products currently used to remove micropollutants from MSWI flue gases. In the second part of the study, the influence of the inlet concentration of adsorbate on the adsorption potential of sorbents is investigated. Actually, the organic compound concentration was decreased in order to be closer to those met in MSWI. Furthermore, the adsorption experiments were performed with other adsorbates whose molecular mass or chlorine content are higher. Thanks to these adsorption results a new organic free formulation has been proposed for the removal of micropollutants. Tests carried out on an industrial scale, demonstrated that this product enables to reach the current norm concerning dioxins and furans emissions. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRationale for Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) in the treatment or prevention of peritoneal carcinomatosis
Detroz, Bernard ULg; Laurent, Stanislas; Honore, Pierre ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2004), 104

Up to now, the prognosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis from GI tract cancers remains very poor. Intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy has been proposed in the prevention or treatment of peritoneal ... [more ▼]

Up to now, the prognosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis from GI tract cancers remains very poor. Intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy has been proposed in the prevention or treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. The rationale for this locoregional approach comes from a better knowledge of the physiopathology of the disease. Intraperitoneal chemotherapy achieves high local drug concentration with limited systemic toxicity. It should be performed during or immediately after surgery to be effective towards microscopic residual tumor cells. A synergistic cytotoxic effect has been demonstrated when heat is combined with antineoplastic drugs. Intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy might not be regarded as the panacée but as a promising step in the management of peritoneal carcinomatosis. Some randomized studies of gastric cancer with macroscopic serosal invasion have suggested the efficacy of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for the prevention of peritoneal carcinomatosis. In patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, some studies suggest, in selected cases, the positive effect of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy on survival, when combined with cytoreductive surgery. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 ULg)