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See detailSelf-association of double-hydrophilic copolymers of acrylic acid and poly(ethylene oxide) macromonomer
Khousakoun, Eric; Gohy, Jean-François; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2004), 45(25), 8303-8310

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) end-capped by a methacrylate unsaturation was copolymerized with acrylic acid by RAFT with dibenzyltrithiocarbonate as a chain transfer agent. Tapered triblock copolymers ... [more ▼]

Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) end-capped by a methacrylate unsaturation was copolymerized with acrylic acid by RAFT with dibenzyltrithiocarbonate as a chain transfer agent. Tapered triblock copolymers consisting of a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) inner block and comb-like outer blocks of PEO macromomers were formed as result of the comonomers reactivity ratios. Composition of these copolymers and length of the PEO branches were varied. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) was used to characterize the aggregates formed in water and to investigate their response to stimuli, such as pH, temperature and ionic strength. In parallel, the morphology of the aggregates was directly observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Well-defined aggregates were formed in the 5<pH<8 range, with a morphology strongly depending on the copolymer composition. At pH<5, the copolymers were poorly soluble and no well-defined structure was observed, whereas free chains were formed at pH>8 as consequence of the complete ionization of the PAA block. [less ▲]

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See detailPli et subjectivation chez Heidegger
Pieron, Julien ULg

Conference (2004, November 23)

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See detailPreparation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) brushes at the surface of conducting substrates
Voccia, Samuel; Bech, Loïc; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

in Langmuir (2004), 20(24), 10670-10678

This paper reports on the preparation of polyester brushes at the surface of electrically conducting materials. A two-step strategy has been worked out that consists of the electropolymerization of an ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the preparation of polyester brushes at the surface of electrically conducting materials. A two-step strategy has been worked out that consists of the electropolymerization of an acrylate under a cathodic potential, such that the polyacrylate layer is chemisorbed at the surface. In a second step, either preformed poly(epsilon-caprolactone) chains are grafted onto the polyacrylate sublayer or the ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone is initiated from it. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of copolymer brushes endowed with adhesion to stainless steel surfaces and antibacterial properties by controlled nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization
Ignatova, Miléna; Voccia, Samuel; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

in Langmuir (2004), 20(24), 10718-10726

Novel copolymer brushes have been synthesized by a two-step "grafting from" method that consists of the electrografting of poly(2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-yloxy)-ethylacrylate) onto ... [more ▼]

Novel copolymer brushes have been synthesized by a two-step "grafting from" method that consists of the electrografting of poly(2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-yloxy)-ethylacrylate) onto stainless steel, followed by the nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization of 2-(dimethylamino ethyl)acrylate and styrene or n-butyl acrylate, initiated from the electrografted polyacrylate chains. The grafted copolymers were quaternized in order to endow them with antibacterial properties. Peeling tests have confirmed the strong adhesion of the grafted copolymer onto the stainless steel substrate. Quartz crystal microbalance experiments have proven that fibrinogen adhesion is lower on the hydrophilic quaternized films compared to the nonionic counterpart. Such quaternized copolymers exhibit significant antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus and the Gram-negative bacteria E. coli. [less ▲]

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See detailRachis – Nerfs périphériques.
Martin, Didier ULg

Conference (2004, November 21)

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See detailTraumatisme médullaire - imagerie post-mortem par résonance magnétique 9,4T avec corrélation anatomo-pathologique.
Scholtes, Félix ULg; Adriaensens, P.; Storme, L. et al

Conference (2004, November 21)

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See detailEtude EMG du multifidus lombaire dans les radiculopathies lombo-sacrées par conflit disco-radiculaire.
TOMASELLA, Marco ULg; WANG, François-Charles ULg; CRIELAARD, Jean-Michel ULg

in Abstract Book du Symposium de Médecine Physique - EMG - Réadaptation du 20 novembre 2004. (2004, November 20)

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See detailL’évaluation formative
Baye, Ariane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2004)

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See detailDu noir au néo-noir: Hollywood et la terreur
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2004)

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See detailFigurines en argent du limes danubien à l’effigie d’Isis et d’Harpocrate
Veymiers, Richard ULg

Scientific conference (2004, November 19)

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See detailLes apports de l'ULg dans le domaine de l'incendie
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2004)

In this presentation, the output provided by the University to the community about fire safety are presented. Three subjects are mentionned: teaching, research and consulting services.

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See detailPreoptic aromatase modulates male sexual behavior: slow and fast mechanisms of action
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Baillien, M.; Cornil, Charlotte ULg et al

in Physiology & Behavior (2004), 83(2), 247-270

In many species, copulatory behavior and appetitive (anticipatory/motivational) aspects of male sexual behavior are activated by the action in the preoptic area of estrogens locally produced by ... [more ▼]

In many species, copulatory behavior and appetitive (anticipatory/motivational) aspects of male sexual behavior are activated by the action in the preoptic area of estrogens locally produced by testosterone aromatization. Estrogens bind to intracellular receptors, which then act as transcription factors to activate the behavior. Accordingly, changes in aromatase activity (AA) result from slow steroid-induced modifications of enzyme transcription. More recently, rapid nongenomic effects of estrogens have been described and evidence has accumulated indicating that AA can be modulated by rapid (minutes to hour) nongenomic mechanisms in addition to the slower transcriptional changes. Hypothalamic AA is rapidly down-regulated in conditions that enhance protein phosphorylation, in particular, increases in the intracellular calcium concentration, such as those triggered by neurotransmitter (e.g., glutamate) activity. Fast changes in brain estrogens can thus be caused by aromatase phosphorylation as a result of changes in neurotransmission. In parallel, recent studies demonstrate that the pharmacological blockade of AA by specific inhibitors rapidly (within 15-45 min) down-regulates motivational and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior in quail while injections of estradiol can rapidly increase the expression of copulatory behavior. These data collectively support an emerging concept in neuroendocrinology, namely that estrogen, locally produced in the brain, regulates male sexual behavior via a combination of genomic and nongenomic mechanisms. Rapid and slower changes of brain AA match well with these two modes of estrogen action and provide temporal variations in the estrogen's bioavailability that can support the entire range of established effects for this steroid. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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