References of "2004"
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See detailLignées de carcinome prostatique et apoptose: état de la question
Califice, Stéphane ULg; Waltregny, David ULg; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(12), 704-10

Prostate cancer is a major pathology in industrialized countries. Tumor growth usually results from increased cell proliferation, conjugated with an inhibition of programmed cell death (apoptosis). In ... [more ▼]

Prostate cancer is a major pathology in industrialized countries. Tumor growth usually results from increased cell proliferation, conjugated with an inhibition of programmed cell death (apoptosis). In this paper, after a short description of the apoptotic mechanisms and their methods of investigation, we review the present knowledge of the implication of different molecular actors in the regulation of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. This review notably summarizes the present knowledge of the (de)regulation of the effects of androgens, p53, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bax, Akt, PTEN, Par-4, clusterine, caspases and NF-kappaB in prostate adenocarcinoma cell lines and provides an appraisal of their therapeutic potential. A better knowledge of the apoptotic pathways in these cells could indeed allow the development of new selective and effective anti-cancer strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased expression of receptor activator of NF-kappa B ligand (RANKL), its receptor RANK and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin in the colon of Crohn's disease patients
Franchimont, N.; Reenaers, Catherine ULg; Lambert, Chantal ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (2004), 138(3), 491-498

Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with low bone mass due to chronic inflammation and other factors. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), its receptor RANK and its decoy receptor ... [more ▼]

Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with low bone mass due to chronic inflammation and other factors. Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), its receptor RANK and its decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) are potentially involved in this process as they regulate osteoclastogenesis and are influenced by pro-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of soluble RANKL (sRANKL), RANK and OPG expression both in the serum and in the colon of CD patients. Levels of sRANKL and OPG were assessed in the serum and the supernatants of cultured colonic biopsies in patients with CD and controls by ELISA. RANK expression was explored by immunostaining and immunofluorescence of fixed colonic samples. OPG and sRANKL levels were higher in the serum of CD patients as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Levels of sRANKL and OPG were significantly enhanced in cultured colonic biopsies from CD, and OPG levels correlated with histological inflammation, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels. No significant correlation was found for sRANKL. RANK(+) cells were increased in the colon of CD, particularly in inflamed areas. These cells were positive for CD68 or S100 protein. We conclude that serum and local levels of sRANKL and OPG are increased in CD. Moreover, RANK is expressed in the colonic mucosa by subpopulations of activated macrophages or dendritic cells at higher levels in CD compared to normal colon. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of transplantation on Posidonia oceanica shoots
Vangeluwe, Denis; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Vie et Milieu-Life and Environment (2004), 54(4), 223-230

Posidonia oceanica shoots sampled from the healthy meadow in the bay of Revelatta (Corsica, France) were transplanted on metallic grids at 10 m depth. Transplanted shoots have been regularly monitored by ... [more ▼]

Posidonia oceanica shoots sampled from the healthy meadow in the bay of Revelatta (Corsica, France) were transplanted on metallic grids at 10 m depth. Transplanted shoots have been regularly monitored by the measurement of growth, biomass and C, N and P contents in the leaves and the belowground parts. After six months of experiment, the survival rates varied from 14 to 84 % on the different transplantation sites. Leaf biomass on the transplanted cuttings was lower than biomass in the control shoots but root biomass raised from December 2000 to May 2001 on the transplanted shoots. Transplant growth (8,3 +/- 2,3 mm.d(-1).shoot(-1)) after six months was similar to control growth (8,2 +/- 2,8 mm.d(-1). shoot(-1)). The C, N and P contents in transplants were significatively lower than in control shoots suggesting that transplanted cuttings are unable to meet their nutrient requirements. The modifications of the C, N, P contents in the belowground parts of the transplanted shoots indicate a mobilization of these nutrients in those compartments to produce new roots and restore a normal nutrients absorption. [less ▲]

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See detailFiches barrages mobiles : vanne gonflante, claper et Obermeyer, Rapport final, Projet barrages mobiles
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lizin, Sandra; Herbillon, Vincent

Report (2004)

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See detailLes batardeaux de maintenance, Rapport final, Projet barrages mobiles
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lizin, Sandra; Herbillon, vincent

Report (2004)

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See detailCalcul des strcutures à double fond (suite)-Rapport R&D8
Rigo, Philippe ULg

Report (2004)

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See detailTechnique de préfabrication et standardisation, Rapport final, Projet barrages mobiles
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lizin, Sandra; Herbillon, Vincent

Report (2004)

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See detailL'image du mois. Ulcere perineal chez une patiente atteinte de spina bifida
Lorquet, Sophie ULg; Conti, V.; Nervo, Patricia ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2004), 59(12), 688-90

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See detailDe Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België koopt uitzonderlijke incunabel aan
Adam, Renaud ULg

Article for general public (2004)

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See detailCombination/Sequential Therapy in Osteoporosis
Lecart, Marie-Paule; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Current Osteoporosis Reports (2004), 2(4), 123-30

Combination therapy includes the concomitant or sequential use of compounds sharing the same mode of action (eg, two or more inhibitors of bone resorption) or with distinct pathways of activity (eg, an ... [more ▼]

Combination therapy includes the concomitant or sequential use of compounds sharing the same mode of action (eg, two or more inhibitors of bone resorption) or with distinct pathways of activity (eg, an inhibitor of resorption plus an anabolic agent). Combination use of antiresorptive agents may generate concerns, because of the risk of inducing oversuppression of bone turnover. However, if low doses of estrogen, used for the management of climacteric symptoms, are insufficient to normalize bone turnover, the addition of a bisphosphonate to hormone therapy may prove to be useful to achieve this objective. Patients pretreated with inhibitors of resorption, who have not achieved a full therapeutic response, are good candidates for treatment with anabolic agents. The increase in bone turnover that comes after the introduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients treated with an antiresorptive agent is similar to that observed in treatment-naive patients and the pattern of bone mineral density (BMD) increase is also identical, with the exception of a 6 month delay in the spine and hip BMD changes observed in prior alendronate-treated subjects. Current data discourage the concomitant use of alendronate and PTH since the bisphosphonate appears to blunt (in men and women) the anabolic action of PTH. Whether this applies to other bisphosphonates or inhibitors of resorption, remains unknown. The use of an inhibitor of bone resorption after completion of PTH treatment seems an appropriate way to maintain the skeletal benefits gained during therapy. Long-term clinical studies, using fractures as an endpoint should be initiated to better understand the clinical and pharmaco-economic interest of combination therapies in the management of osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of inulin stored at different relative humidities by MDSC and X-ray diffraction, related to soption isotherms.
Ronkart, Sébastien; Fougnies, C.; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2004, December)

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See detailThe Inflammatory Hypothesis of Ageing: Fascinating Concept or Confusing Dogma?
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2004), 3(4), 246

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See detailHoe staan vreemdelingen en allochtonen tegenover recht en gerecht in België?
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Foblets, Marie-Claire; Parmentier, Stephan et al

in Rechtskundig Weekblad (2004), 68(16), 601-617

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See detailJ.J.L. ten Kates 'Duitsche Zwaan'. Mozart in Nederland
Steyaert, Kris ULg

in Negentiende Eeuw (2004), 28(4), 237-256

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See detailOn the way of understanding the adaptation to extreme pH of family 11 xylanases: Structural comparison and mutational analysis
De Lemos Esteves, Frédéric ULg; Ruelle, Virginie; Gouders, Thierry et al

Poster (2004, December)

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See detailFunctional analysis of the cell division protein FtsW of Escherichia coli
Pastoret, Soumya; Fraipont, Claudine ULg; den Blaauwen, Tanneke et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (2004), 186(24), 8370-8379

Site-directed mutagenesis experiments combined with fluorescence microscopy shed light on the role of Escherichia coli FtsW, a membrane protein belonging to the SEDS family that is involved in ... [more ▼]

Site-directed mutagenesis experiments combined with fluorescence microscopy shed light on the role of Escherichia coli FtsW, a membrane protein belonging to the SEDS family that is involved in peptidoglycan assembly during cell elongation, division, and sporulation. This essential cell division protein has 10 transmembrane segments (TMSs). It is a late recruit to the division site and is required for subsequent recruitment of penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) catalyzing peptide cross-linking. The results allow identification of several domains of the protein with distinct functions. The localization of PBP3 to the septum was found to be dependent on the periplasmic loop located between TMSs 9 and 10. The E240-A249 amphiphilic peptide in the periplasmic loop between TMSs 7 and 8 appears to be a key element in the functioning of FtsW in the septal peptidoglycan assembly machineries. The intracellular loop (containing the R166-FI78 amphiphilic peptide) between TMSs 4 and 5 and Gly 311 in TMS 8 are important components of the amino acid sequence-folding information. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a universal microarray based on the ligation detection reaction and 16S rRNA gene polymorphism to target diversity of cyanobacteria
Castiglioni, Bianca; Rizzi, Ermann; Frosini, Andrea et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2004), 70(12), 7161-7172

The cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes of significant ecological and biotechnological interest, since they strongly contribute to primary production and are a rich source of bioactive compounds ... [more ▼]

The cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes of significant ecological and biotechnological interest, since they strongly contribute to primary production and are a rich source of bioactive compounds. In eutrophic fresh and brackish waters, their mass occurrences (water blooms) are often toxic and constitute a high potential risk for human health. Therefore, rapid and reliable identification of cyanobacterial species in complex environmental samples is important. Here we describe the development and validation of a microarray for the identification of cyanobacteria in aquatic environments. Our approach is based on the use of a ligation detection reaction coupled to a universal array. Probes were designed for detecting 19 cyanobacterial groups including Anabaena/Aphanizomenon, Calothrix, Cylindrospermopsis, Cylindrospermum, Gloeothece, halotolerants, Leptolyngbya, Palau Lyngbya, Microcystis, Nodularia, Nostoc, Planktothrix, Antarctic Phormidium, Prochlorococcus, Spirulina, Synechococcus, Synechocystis, Trichodesmium, and Woronichinia. These groups were identified based on an alignment of over 300 cyanobacterial 16S rRNA sequences. For validation of the microarrays, 95 samples (24 axenic strains from culture collections, 27 isolated strains, and 44 cloned fragments recovered from environmental samples) were tested. The results demonstrated a high discriminative power and sensitivity to 1 fmol of the PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene. Accurate identification of target strains was also achieved with unbalanced mixes of PCR amplicons from different cyanobacteria and an environmental sample. Our universal array method shows great potential for rapid and reliable identification of cyanobacteria. It can be easily adapted to future development and could thus be applied both in research and environmental monitoring. [less ▲]

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