References of "2003"
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See detailDavid Malouf
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Schlager, Nigel; Lauer, Josh (Eds.) Contemporary Novelists (2003)

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See detailComment j'explore ... la controverse a propos de la place de l'hyperglycemie provoquee par voie orale en clinique.
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(11), 701-5

The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been widely used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. However, since 1997, OGTT is not considered anymore ... [more ▼]

The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been widely used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. However, since 1997, OGTT is not considered anymore as the first choice test for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance, being replaced by fasting glycaemia. Numerous studies, however, stressed the discrepancies between these two diagnostic approaches, so that OGTT still has defenders as a useful tool to diagnose diabetes. Besides, emphasis has been recently put on both postprandial hyperglycaemia, considered as a major cardiovascular risk factor, and impaired glucose tolerance as a predictor of progression toward overt type 2 diabetes, two parameters well addressed by the OGTT. Thus, even if the place to be reserved to the OGTT is controversial, in our opinion, this test still has a place in clinical biology. [less ▲]

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See detailAbsolute and relative quantification : beyond mutually exclusive word classes.
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Davidse, Kristin

in Belgian Journal of English Language and Literatures. New Series (2003), 1

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See detail«Paolo Giovio e Francesco Guicciardini»
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Pasquini, Emilio; Prodi, Paolo (Eds.) Bologna nell’età di Carlo V e di Guicciardini. (2003)

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See detailHistoire de la littérature belge francophone (1830-2000)
Bertrand, Jean-Pierre ULg; Biron, Michel; Denis, Benoît ULg et al

Book published by Fayard (2003)

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See detailDevelopment and evaluation of an automated atlas-based image analysis method for microPET studies of the rat brain.
Rubins, Daniel J.; Melega, William P.; Lacan, Goran et al

in NeuroImage (2003), 20(4), 2100-18

An automated method for placement of 3D rat brain atlas-derived volumes of interest (VOIs) onto PET studies has been designed and evaluated. VOIs representing major structures of the rat brain were ... [more ▼]

An automated method for placement of 3D rat brain atlas-derived volumes of interest (VOIs) onto PET studies has been designed and evaluated. VOIs representing major structures of the rat brain were defined on a set of digitized cryosectioned images of the rat brain. For VOI placement, each PET study was registered with a synthetic PET target constructed from the VOI template. Registration was accomplished with an automated algorithm that maximized the mutual information content of the image volumes. The accuracy and precision of this method for VOI placement was determined using datasets from PET studies of the striatal dopamine and hippocampal serotonin systems. Each evaluated PET study could be registered to at least one synthetic PET target without obvious failure. Registration was critically dependent upon the initial position of the PET study relative to the synthetic PET target, but not dependent on the amount of synthetic PET target smoothing. An evaluation algorithm showed that resultant radioactivity concentration measurements of selected brain structures had errors=2% due to misalignment with the corresponding VOI. Further, radioligand binding values calculated from these measurements were found to be more precise than those calculated from measurements obtained with manually drawn regions of interest (ROIs). Overall, evaluation results demonstrated that this atlas-derived VOI method can be used to obtain unbiased measurements of radioactivity concentration from PET studies. Its automated features, and applicability to different radioligands and brain regions, will facilitate quantitative rat brain PET assessment procedures. [less ▲]

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See detailL’herpèsvirus bovin 4
Markine-Goriaynoff, N.; Minner, F.; De Fays, K. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4), 215-247

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) belongs to the Herpesviridae family, Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily, Rhadinovirus genus like human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma. BoHV-4 has a ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) belongs to the Herpesviridae family, Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily, Rhadinovirus genus like human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma. BoHV-4 has a worldwide distribution in the cattle population. It has been isolated from cattle showing various clinical signs as well as from healthy cattle. The interest of the scientific community for BoHV-4 is explained by two reasons. Firstly, BoHV-4 represents an homologous virus/host species model to study the biology of gammaherpesviruses. Secondly, the use of BoHV-4 as a recombinant vector for expression both in vitro and in vivo has been proposed. For these reasons, a considerable amount of data has been collected on this virus. In the present paper, the authors will present a general overview of the literature published on this virus addressing clinical, epidemiological and fundamental aspects of BoHV-4. Finally, in the light of their recent phylogenetic data, the authors will discuss the origin and the host species of BoHV-4 leading to the conclusion that this virus should be considered as a virus of the African buffalo rather than cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailMarchés immobiliers résidentiels et étalement urbain contraint. L'accessibilité au logement au sein de la région métropolitaine bruxelloise
Dubois, O.; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Belgeo (2003), (3), 303-327

The release of mobility constraints has facilitated urban sprawl, i.e. the increasing spatial dissociation between urban cores and implantation sites of households and economic activities. The aim of this ... [more ▼]

The release of mobility constraints has facilitated urban sprawl, i.e. the increasing spatial dissociation between urban cores and implantation sites of households and economic activities. The aim of this paper about the Walloon part of the Brussels metropolitan region is to analyse how housing market constraints reinforce the trend towards residential sprawl. Based on an analysis of the financial accessibility to both, the market for new housings and the market for pre-existing housings, it is here the influence of the price level decreasing with the distance from Brussels which is taken into account. Due to their limited financial resources and to this price gradient, many households are obliged to settle on remote sites in order to acquire their property goods. In relation to this phenomenon, it appears that, from a spatial as well as from a social point of view, the Brussels urban system is not able to settle the metropolitan growth on an adapted way. Indeed, new residential locations reinforce the increasing dissociation between work places and living places, which leads to a useless increase in mobility costs as well as a serious accentuation of socio-spatial segregations. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling eutrophication in mesotidal and macrotidal estuaries. The role of intertidal seaweeds.
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Ferreira, Joao; Nunes, Joao

in Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science (2003), 57

The role of intertidal seaweeds in the primary production of mesotidal and macrotidal estuaries has been examined by means of a model, applied to the Tagus Estuary (Portugal). Special attention was paid ... [more ▼]

The role of intertidal seaweeds in the primary production of mesotidal and macrotidal estuaries has been examined by means of a model, applied to the Tagus Estuary (Portugal). Special attention was paid to the description of the underwater light climate in intertidal areas, and to the importance of the formation of tidal pools. Two approaches were compared for the simulation of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the pool areas, using three algal species. The use of an erosion–deposition approach to simulate the distribution of SPM in tidal pools gives an increase in net primary productivity per unit area of between 130 and 1300%, when compared to the more conventional approach where the suspended matter in the overlying water in intertidal areas is considered identical to that in the channels. The upscaled erosion–deposition model was applied to tidal pool areas and combined with the more conventional model for other intertidal areas. Results show that annual carbon fixation by intertidal seaweeds in the estuary exceeds 13,500 t C yr−1, and accounts for 21% of the total carbon fixed by all primary producers. The corresponding nitrogen removal by seaweeds corresponds to the annual nutrient loading of a population of 490,000 inhabitants. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiology, clinical presentation and diagnostic strategy of gastro-esophageal reflux
Louis, Edouard ULg

in Acta Endoscopica (2003), 33

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See detailLe défi de la santé publique au Rwanda et en République démocratique du Congo.
Porignon, Denis ULg

in Porignon, Denis; et al (Eds.) L’art de la paix : approche transdisciplinaire (2003)

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See detailL’émergence d’un marché d’immobilier d’entreprise. L’exemple de la Wallonie
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Géocarrefour (2003), 78

In less than ten years, a business property market has emerged in Wallonia. This market first concerned offices and retail units (a sector not studied in this paper) and, more recently, semi-industrial ... [more ▼]

In less than ten years, a business property market has emerged in Wallonia. This market first concerned offices and retail units (a sector not studied in this paper) and, more recently, semi-industrial establishments. Its development is largely related to the creation of new demands in physical units, environment and accessibility, as well as in location choices, at both sub-regional and local scales. It has been favoured by the arrival of new property stakeholders from Belgium and abroad (developers, investors and property agents), as well as by public authorities (the Walloon Region and, more importantly, supra-communal, economic development agencies). The emergence of this market is related to the accentuation of territorial contrasts as property development projects usually reinforce strong area [less ▲]

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See detailVascular endothelial growth factor expression correlates with matrix metalloproteinases MT1-MMP, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in human glioblastomas.
Munaut, Carine ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg; Hougrand, Olivier ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2003), 106(6), 848-55

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the major endothelial mitogen in central nervous system neoplasms and it is expressed in 64-95% of glioblastomas (GBMs). Tumour cells are the main source of ... [more ▼]

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the major endothelial mitogen in central nervous system neoplasms and it is expressed in 64-95% of glioblastomas (GBMs). Tumour cells are the main source of VEGF in GBMs whereas VEGF receptors (VEGFR-1, its soluble form sVEGFR-1, VEGFR-2 and neuropilin-1) are expressed predominantly by endothelial cells. Infiltrating tumour cells and newly-formed capillaries progress through the extracellular matrix by local proteolysis involving matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Recent studies have shown that VEGF expression and bioavailability can be modulated by MMPs. We reported previously that the expression of MT1-MMP in human breast cancer cells was associated with an enhanced VEGF expression. We used quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot, gelatin zymography and immunohistochemistry to study the expression of VEGF, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, sVEGFR-1, neuropilin-1, MT1-MMP, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-2 in 20 human GBMs and 5 normal brains. The expression of these MMPs was markedly increased in most GBMs with excellent correlation between mRNA and protein levels; activated forms of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were present in 8/18 and 7/18 of GBMs. A majority of GBMs (17/20) also expressed high levels of VEGF, as previously reported, with strong correlation between VEGF and MT1-MMP gene expression levels, and double immunostaining showed that VEGF and MT1-MMP peptides co-localize in tumour and endothelial cells. Our results suggest that the interplay between metalloproteinases and VEGF previously described in experimental tumours may also be operative in human GBMs. Because of its dual ability to activate MMP-2 and to up-regulate VEGF, MT1-MMP might be of central importance in the growth of GBMs and represent an interesting target for anti-cancer treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailLes surcoûts de la désurbanisation
Dubois, Olivier; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in A+ : Architecture in Belgium (2003), (Février-Mars), 34-37

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See detailGlycoprotein Ib and integrin alphaIIbbeta3 contribute to GPVI-dependent vWF-collagen induced thrombus formation under flow
Kuijpers, Marijke; Oury, Cécile ULg; Schulte, V. et al

in Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2003)

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See detailLa cartographie et la géomatique
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2003), 43

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See detailCopropriété et servitudes
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

Scientific conference (2003)

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See detailActualités de droit pénal européen
Flore, Daniel ULg

Book published by La Charte (2003)

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See detailPrévention primaire des maladies rénales et secondaire de l'insuffisance rénale
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg

in Médi-Sphère (2003), 192

Il est apparu important de rèsumer les points capitaux à respecter lors de tout contact avec un patient, d'une part pour le proteger du développement de la maladie rénale (si possible) et pour freiner l ... [more ▼]

Il est apparu important de rèsumer les points capitaux à respecter lors de tout contact avec un patient, d'une part pour le proteger du développement de la maladie rénale (si possible) et pour freiner l'évolution de celle-ci une fois constituée d'autre part, l'objectif étant alors d'éviter l'insuffisance rénale sévère, stade où l'intervention du médecin n'est plus que symptomatique. Généralement fortuite, l'insuffisance rénale gagne à être diagnostiquée précocement. L'intervention du néphrologue sera également d'autant plus efficace que rapide. [less ▲]

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