References of "2003"
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See detailMicro-macro analysis of steel sheet behaviour in finite element simulations. Application to deep-drawing process.
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Godinas, A.; Cescotto, Serge ULg et al

in Journal de Physique IV (2003), 105

This paper presents a constitutive law based on taylor's model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a constitutive law based on taylor's model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method has been developed. This local yield locus model uses a discrete representation of the material's texture. The interpolation method is presented and a deep-drawing application is simulated in order to show up the influence of the texture evolution during forming processes. [less ▲]

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See detailMesure de l'effet de l'hyperimmunisation pour le contrôle de la rhinotrachéite infectieuse bovine dans les troupeaux laitiers en Belgique : analyse de survie
Dispas, Marc; Kerkhofs, Pierre; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Epidémiologie et Santé Animale (2003), 44

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See detailUnimolecular Dissociation of Halogenobenzene Cations by Phase space Theory.
Gridelet, E.; Lorquet, Jean-Claude ULg; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Anton, J.; Cedrequist, H.; Larsson, M. (Eds.) et al 23rd International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions: Book of Abstracts. (2003)

The Orbiting Transition State version of the Phase Space Theory (PST) is used to calculate the KER distributions in the dissociation channel of X (X=I,Cl,Br)-loss from C6H5X+. The results are compared to ... [more ▼]

The Orbiting Transition State version of the Phase Space Theory (PST) is used to calculate the KER distributions in the dissociation channel of X (X=I,Cl,Br)-loss from C6H5X+. The results are compared to the experimental distribution and to that obtained by PST. [less ▲]

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See detailTolérance sur la valeur de l’angle d’inclinaison du détecteur en tomoscintigraphie avec collimateur sténopé.
Bleeser, Frédéric; Seret, Alain ULg

in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2003), 27(9), 460

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See detailIntramyocardial synthesis of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in infants with congenital cardiac defects.
Qing, Ma; Schumacher, Kathrin; Heise, Ruth et al

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2003), 41(12), 2266-74

OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that cytokines would be expressed in the myocardium of infants with congenital cardiac defects and to identify the signaling pathways involved. BACKGROUND ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that cytokines would be expressed in the myocardium of infants with congenital cardiac defects and to identify the signaling pathways involved. BACKGROUND: Mechanical stress upregulates pro-inflammatory cytokines in the myocardium. METHODS: Fifteen infants with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) (n = 7) or with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) (n = 8) were investigated. Concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or Western blotting in the right ventricular myocardium taken during cardiac surgery. Activation of the nuclear factor-kappa-B (NF-kappa-B) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay with supershift and/or Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: The pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1-beta, and IL-6 and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were detected in the myocardium of all patients. Concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and also of phosphorylated p38 MAPK were higher in patients with TOF than in those with VSD and correlated with the degree of pressure overload of the right ventricle. Levels of phosphorylated I-kappa-B-alpha, iNOS, and IL-10 were similar in patients with TOF and in those with VSD. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show intramyocardial synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines in infants with congenital cardiac defects. This is associated with activation of both the NF-kappa-B and p38 MAPK pathways. The latter could be particularly important for the transduction of mechanical signals in the infant's myocardium. Synthesis of IL-10 indicates an intramyocardial anti-inflammatory potential in this age group. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscriminative stimulus effects of ethanol with a conditioned taste aversion procedure: lack of acetaldehyde substitution
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (2003), 14(4), 343-350

Acetaldehyde has been suggested to mediate a number of the pharmacological and behavioural effects of ethanol. Recently, several studies investigated the role of acetaldehyde in the subjective effects of ... [more ▼]

Acetaldehyde has been suggested to mediate a number of the pharmacological and behavioural effects of ethanol. Recently, several studies investigated the role of acetaldehyde in the subjective effects of ethanol, but obtained conflicting results. With the discriminative taste aversion (DTA) procedure, high acetaldehyde doses were shown to substitute for the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol. In contrast, the operant drug discrimination protocol failed to show any substitution effect of acetaldehyde. Several methodological differences between the two procedures could explain these discrepancies, and particularly the absence of an individual discrimination criterion in the DTA procedure. In the present study, the DTA procedure was adapted to introduce such a criterion. In addition, the effects of acetaldehyde were compared with those of other drugs, for which the substitution effects for ethanol are well known. Rats were trained to discriminate 1.0 g/kg ethanol from saline in a DTA protocol. When the rats met the criterion of ethanol discrimination, various doses of several drugs were tested for their ethanol stimulus substitution effects: ethanol, acetaldehyde, dizocilpine, diazepam and nicotine. The results showed a clear dose-dependent discrimination of ethanol stimulus effects. In addition, dizocilpine fully substituted for ethanol, while diazepam only partially substituted. In contrast, both acetaldehyde and nicotine failed to substitute for ethanol. These results show that acetaldehyde is not significantly involved in the subjective and discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol. Acetaldehyde up to toxic doses did not substitute for the ethanol discriminative stimulus in the DTA protocol, when non-specific effects were carefully controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailLa transformation et l'utilisation du bois de peuplier
Leclercq, André; Jourez, Benoît ULg

in Le Peuplier en Wallonie (2003)

The poplar wood has been largely used (frame – carpentry packing – paper pulp – sabot manufacture – furniture – rotary peeling for panels and packaging). Some uses of the past were progressively abandoned ... [more ▼]

The poplar wood has been largely used (frame – carpentry packing – paper pulp – sabot manufacture – furniture – rotary peeling for panels and packaging). Some uses of the past were progressively abandoned for tropical species or softwood. But the poplar is now largely used for the rotary peeling process, where its characteristics are appropriated and appreciated. The products not suitable for rotary peeling are used for packaging and ships for panel industry. In the past inside the important wooded areas was never considered as an valuable species while it was used in areas of small forests. Indeed for products with little added value the transportation costs become paramount and in such a case the production of poplars outside large forests become an advantage. A better knowledge of its capabilities during the various stages of its transformation and of its behaviour under various treatments has made it possible to look for new markets so as to enlarge the possibility of use. [less ▲]

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See detailThe identification of experimental microscopic hafting traces on lithic tools
Rots, Veerle ULg

in Le Sécretariat du Congrès (Ed.) Sessions Générales et Posters / General Sessions and Posters. Acts of the XIVth UISPP Congress University of Liège, Belgium, 2 – 8 September 2001 (2003)

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See detailLa loi du 20 décembre 2002 relative au recouvrement amiable de dettes du consommateur
Biquet, Christine ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (2003)

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See detailDu palais au quartier de maisons privées (jonction entre le chantier F et le chantier B - campagnes 1997-1999)
Van der Stede, Véronique ULg; Sténuit, Marie-Eve

in Lebeau, Marc; Suleiman, Antoine (Eds.) Tell Beydar, Five Seasons of Excavations (1995-1999), A Preliminary Report (2003)

 Cet article présente les premiers résultats des fouilles menées dans un quartier situé en contrebas du complexe palatial de l’antique cité de Nabada (Tell Beydar). Il révèle notamment les vestiges d’un ... [more ▼]

 Cet article présente les premiers résultats des fouilles menées dans un quartier situé en contrebas du complexe palatial de l’antique cité de Nabada (Tell Beydar). Il révèle notamment les vestiges d’un vaste bâtiment à caractère économique, le « complexe en U », dont le plan ne connaît à ce jour aucun parallèle. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtude paléogénétique du cerf élaphe (Cervus elaphus) au cours de la transition Tardiglaciaire - Holocène ancien du Jura (15 000 – 6 000 BP) : relations entre changements morphologiques, environnementaux et génétiques
Pagès, Marie ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2003)

The Late-Glacial - Holocene transition, around 13,000 to 8,000 years ago, is the world theatre of an ample climatic upsetting associated to a deep change of the landscapes. Around the rock-shelter of ... [more ▼]

The Late-Glacial - Holocene transition, around 13,000 to 8,000 years ago, is the world theatre of an ample climatic upsetting associated to a deep change of the landscapes. Around the rock-shelter of Rochedane, an archaeological site from the French Jura, the climate shifts from peri-glacial to temperate, open environment becomes progressively closed and the faunal assemblages are consequently strongly modified. In order to understand the evolutionary mechanisms implied and their different aspects, a multidisciplinary survey has been led on bones from Red Deer, Cervus elaphus, found in the shelter associated with remains of lithic industry and prehistoric art let by the hunters-gatherers during this unstable time. Isotopic geochemistry has already showed that during this period, the habitat and the diet of deers changed. Moreover, morphological studies is demonstrating that, in the same way, the size of deers seems to decrease. To complete both studies, a palaeogenetic approach was then developed to test two different alternative: do the deers found come from a single population that adapts to new ecological conditions or instead do they correspond to a succession of different populations depending on environmental conditions? The results obtained up to now do not allow to conclude between both hypotheses. However, it was demonstrated that it was possible to access authentic mitochondrial DNA sequences (control region, cytochrome b) from these prehistoric bones and to discriminate the deers of Rochedane to the individual level. Thus, this approach is promising in order to decipher in the future the possible ties between environmental, morphological and genetic changes. [less ▲]

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See detailA new Mars ionosphere/airglow Model between 60 and 500 km altitude
Witasse, Oliver; Blelly, P.; Lilensten, Jean et al

in Proceedings of the Workshop “Mars Atmosphere Modelling and Observations” (2003)

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See detailModèles expérimentaux in vitro des HPV
Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg; Havard, Laurence et al

in Aubin, F.; Pretet, J. F.; Mougin, C. (Eds.) Papillomavirus Humains (2003)

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See detailKCNQ2 and KCNQ3 potassium channel genes in benign familial neonatal convulsions: expansion of the functional and mutation spectrum.
Singh, Nanda A; Westenskow, Peter; Charlier, Carole ULg et al

in Brain : A Journal of Neurology (2003), 126(Pt 12), 2726-37

Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare autosomal dominant generalized epilepsy of the newborn infant. Seizures occur repeatedly in the first days of life and remit by approximately 4 months ... [more ▼]

Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare autosomal dominant generalized epilepsy of the newborn infant. Seizures occur repeatedly in the first days of life and remit by approximately 4 months of age. Previously our laboratory cloned two novel potassium channel genes, KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, and showed that they are mutated in patients with BFNC. In this report, we characterize the breakpoints of a previously reported interstitial deletion in the KCNQ2 gene and show that only KCNQ2 is deleted. We identify 11 novel mutations in KCNQ2 and one novel mutation in the KCNQ3 potassium channel genes. In one family, the phenotype extends beyond neonatal seizures and includes rolandic seizures, and a subset of families has onset of seizures in infancy. In the Xenopus oocyte expression system, we characterize five KCNQ2 and one KCNQ3 disease-causing mutations. These mutations cause a variable loss of function, and selective effects on the biophysical properties of KCNQ2/KCNQ3 heteromultimeric channels. We report here the first dominant negative mutation in KCNQ2 that has a phenotype of neonatal seizures without permanent clinical CNS impairment. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy-associated glycoprotein concentrations during pregnancy and the postpartum period in Azawak Zebu cattle
Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Zongo, M.; Pitala, W. et al

in Theriogenology (2003), 59(5-6), 1131-1142

Specific RIA systems were developed and used to measure pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during gestation and the postpartum period in Azawak Zebu cows. Twelve females were palpated ... [more ▼]

Specific RIA systems were developed and used to measure pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during gestation and the postpartum period in Azawak Zebu cows. Twelve females were palpated per rectum and diagnosed as pregnant. Blood samples were taken at 5-10-day intervals from approximately Week 8 of gestation until Week 10 postpartum (pp). One Zebu cow (Z15) initially diagnosed as pregnant showed PAG concentrations lower than the assay sensitivity (<0.20 ng/ml) and did not calve. Another cow (ZSand) showed abnormally high PAG concentrations during gestation and was excluded from the general PAG profile. The 10 other Zebu cows exhibited a very similar PAG profile. In these animals, concentrations increased progressively from Week 8 to 35 of gestation (from 6.0 +/- 4.2 to 196.0 +/- 34.8 ng/ml), remaining relatively constant until Week 39 (210.8 +/- 74.8 ng/ml), when they increased sharply to reach their highest level (1095.6 +/- 607.2 ng/ml) at around parturition. After delivery, PAG concentrations declined significantly (P < 0.05) until Week 2 postpartum (348.4 +/- 85.6 ng/ml) and slowly until Week 10 postpartum. Our results revealed that the PAG pattern in Zebu cattle was similar to those of taurine breeds during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, but differed in the peripartum period. [less ▲]

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