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See detailThe use of blood pepsinogen as a biomarker of the integrity of the porcine gastric mucosa. 2. Measurements of blood pepsinogen and its usefull in the detection of gastric diseases
Banga-Mboko, Henri; Godeau, Jean-Marie ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(2, APR-MAY), 95-104

Pepsinogen is one component of the gastric juice which participes in the digestion. This macromolecule enters the blood circulation in a small measurable quantities in healthy subjects. Therefore, blood ... [more ▼]

Pepsinogen is one component of the gastric juice which participes in the digestion. This macromolecule enters the blood circulation in a small measurable quantities in healthy subjects. Therefore, blood pepsinogen is claimed to be an indicator of the integrity of the gastric mucosa. This paper was written to review the use of porcine in the diagnostic of stomach ulcers and Hyostrongylus rubidus infection. The methods of measurement of blood pepsinogen and the diagnostic values are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAirborne pulse-Doppler radar and early forms of radar space-time processing
Verly, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2003)

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See detailA time–frequency technique for the stability analysis of impulse responses from nonlinear aeroelastic systems
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Cooper, Jonathan E

in Journal of Fluids & Structures (2003), 17(8), 11811201

A time–frequency method is proposed for the analysis of response time histories from nonlinear aeroelastic systems. The approach is based on a time-varying curve-fit of the short time Fourier transform of ... [more ▼]

A time–frequency method is proposed for the analysis of response time histories from nonlinear aeroelastic systems. The approach is based on a time-varying curve-fit of the short time Fourier transform of the impulse response. It is shown that the method can be used in order to obtain a clear picture of the sub-critical stability of a number of aeroelastic systems with a variety of structural and aerodynamic nonlinearities. Additionally, frequency and amplitude information can be obtained for both the linear and nonlinear signatures of the response signals in the sub- and postcritical regions. Finally, it is shown that, given certain types of nonlinear functions, sub-critical damping trends can be extrapolated to predict bifurcation airspeeds. [less ▲]

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See detailTesting and modelling of welded joints between elliptical hollow sections
Bortolotti, E.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Pietrapertosa, C. et al

in Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Tubular Structures (2003)

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See detailInositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate is essential for normal T lymphocyte development
Pouillon, V.; Hascakova-Bartova, R.; Pajak, B. et al

in Nature Immunology (2003), 4

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3)) is phosphorylated by Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase, generating inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)). The physiological function of Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4 ... [more ▼]

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P(3)) is phosphorylated by Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase, generating inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)). The physiological function of Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) is still unclear, but it has been reported to be a potential modulator of calcium mobilization. Disruption of the gene encoding the ubiquitously expressed Ins(1,4,5)P(3) 3-kinase isoform B (Itpkb) in mice caused a severe T cell deficiency due to major alterations in thymocyte responsiveness and selection. However, we were unable to detect substantial defects in Ins(1,4,5)P(3) amounts or calcium mobilization in Itpkb(-/-) thymocytes. These data indicate that Itpkb and Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) define an essential signaling pathway for T cell precursor responsiveness and development [less ▲]

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See detailSept cas de réussite "atypique" éclairée par des données longitudinales familiales et scolaires
Schillings, Patricia ULg; Poncelet, Débora

in Actes du 16ème colloque international de l'ADMEE-Europe Evaluation: entre efficacité et équité (2003)

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See detailAnatomical and histological aspects of the tonsils in sheep
Gabriel, Annick ULg; Cocquyt, G.; Van den Broeck, W.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4, AUG-SEP), 251-258

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence ... [more ▼]

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence of the agent of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy was demonstrated in tonsils, so these are considered as specified risk materials. This article gives an overview of the anatomical localisation and histological structure of the tonsils in small ruminants. Anatomically, 6 different tonsils can be distinguished: 3 are located in the oropharyngeal tract (tonsilla palatina, tonsilla lingualis, tonsilla veli palatini), 2 in the nasopharyngeal tract (tonsilla pharyngea and tonsilla tubaria), and one in the laryngopharyngeal tract (tonsilla paraepiglottica). Several tonsils show a cryptic overlying epithelium (cryptic tonsil) whereas other don't (non-cryptic tonsil). Several immunological features of the tonsils are described. [less ▲]

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See detailBook review: Marine mammals biology and Conservation. Eds. PGH Evans and Raga J.A. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers
Das, Krishna ULg

in Journal of Marine Systems (2003), 43

Book review

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See detailIntérêt du monitoring continu du glucose interstitiel chez le patient diabétique de type 1
RADERMECKER, Régis ULg; Sélam, Jean-Louis; SCHEEN, André ULg

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2003), 61

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See detailThe alder populations of Europe
Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Gibbs, John; Van Dijk, Cees; Webber, Joan (Eds.) Phytophthora disease of alder in Europe (2003)

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See detailAstronomes célèbres et astronomes moins connus ... (1) William Herschel
Biémont, Emile ULg

in Galactée (2003), 34

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See detailComment on 'Quantum inversion of cold atoms in a microcavity: spatial dependence'
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Martin, John ULg

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2003), 36

In a recent work, Abdel-Aty and Obada (2002 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35 807-13) analysed the quantum inversion of cold atoms in a microcavity, the motion of the atoms being described quantum ... [more ▼]

In a recent work, Abdel-Aty and Obada (2002 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35 807-13) analysed the quantum inversion of cold atoms in a microcavity, the motion of the atoms being described quantum mechanically. Two-level atoms were assumed to interact with a single mode of the cavity, and the off-resonance case was considered (namely the atomic transition frequency is detuned from the single-mode cavity frequency). We demonstrate in this paper that this case is incorrectly treated by these authors, and we therefore question their conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detailEthique de la promesse. L’agir responsable
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de France (2003)

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See detailBrain correlates of performance in a free/cued recall task with semantic encoding in Alzheimer disease
Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Chicherio, C. et al

in Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders (2003), 17(1), 35-45

The goal of this study was to explore in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) the brain correlates of free and cued recall performance using an adaptation of the procedure developed by Grober and ... [more ▼]

The goal of this study was to explore in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) the brain correlates of free and cued recall performance using an adaptation of the procedure developed by Grober and Buschke (1987). This procedure, which ensures semantic processing and coordinates encoding and retrieval, has been shown to be very sensitive to an early diagnosis of AD. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM 99) was used to establish clinicometabolic correlations between performance at free and cued verbal recall and resting brain metabolism in 31 patients with AD. Results showed that patient's score on free recall correlated with metabolic activity in right frontal regions (BA 10 and BA 45), suggesting that performance reflected a strategic retrieval attempt. Poor retrieval performance was tentatively attributed to a loss of functional correlation between frontal and medial temporal regions in patients with AD compared with elderly controls. Performance on cued recall was correlated to residual metabolic activity in bilateral parahippocampal regions (BA 36), suggesting that performance reflected retrieval of semantic associations, without recollection in AD. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the diagnostic sensitivity for Alzheimer's disease of the cued recall performance in the Grober and Buschke procedure (1987) depends on the activity of parahippocampal regions, one of the earliest targets of the disease. Moreover, the results suggest that the poor performance of patients with AD during free and cued recall is related to a decreased connectivity between parahippocampal regions and frontal areas. [less ▲]

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See detailLes compétences des jeunes de 15 ans en Communauté française en lecture, en mathématiques et en sciences : résultats de l'enquête PISA 2000
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg; Burton, Réginald et al

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2003), 13-14

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See detailX-Ray spectromicroscopy of clusters heated by fs laser radiation
Faenov, A.Ya.; Magunov, A. I.; Pikuz, T. A. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailMechanisms underlying the toxicity of lactone aroma compounds towards the producing yeast cells
Aguedo, Mario ULg; Beney, L.; Waché, Y. et al

in Journal of Applied Microbiology (2003), 94(2), 258-265

Aims: To study the fundamental mechanisms of toxicity of the fruity aroma compound γ-decalactone, that lead to alterations in cell viability during its biotechnological production by yeast cells; Yarrowia ... [more ▼]

Aims: To study the fundamental mechanisms of toxicity of the fruity aroma compound γ-decalactone, that lead to alterations in cell viability during its biotechnological production by yeast cells; Yarrowia lipolytica that is able to produce high amounts of this metabolite was used here as a model. Methods and Results: Lactone concentrations above 150 mg l-1 inhibited cell growth, depolarized the living cells and increased membrane fluidity. Infrared spectroscopic measurements revealed that the introduction of the lactone into model phospholipid bilayers, decreased the phase transition temperature. Moreover, the H+-ATPase activity in membrane preparations was strongly affected by the presence of the lactone. On the other hand, only a slight decrease in the intracellular pH occurred. Conclusions: We propose that the toxic effects of γ-decalactone on yeast may be initially linked to a strong interaction of the compound with cell membrane lipids and components. Significance and Impact of the Study: These findings may enable the elaboration of strategies to improve yeast cell viability during the process of lactones bioproduction. [less ▲]

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