References of "2003"
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See detailDoes Export Controls Regimes could Contribute to Counter the Acquisition of WMD by Sub-national ?,
Michel, Quentin ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Sciences (2003)

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See detailDuane anomaly, congenital myopathy and severe scoliosis in sibs: new AR syndrome?
Verloes, Alain; Misson, Jean-Paul ULg; Gillet, Philippe ULg et al

in Annales de Génétique (2003), 46(4), 449-52

We report on two sisters who show a similar pattern of anomalies consisting of bilateral Stilling-Turk-Duane retraction syndrome (type 3), non-progressive hypotonia with delayed motor milestones but ... [more ▼]

We report on two sisters who show a similar pattern of anomalies consisting of bilateral Stilling-Turk-Duane retraction syndrome (type 3), non-progressive hypotonia with delayed motor milestones but normal intelligence, severe, early onset scoliosis, and short stature. Muscular biopsy revealed numerous regenerating fibers, but no specific abnormalities among the non-regenerating fibers. This combination of anomalies has not been previously reported, and could represent a new autosomal recessive syndrome. The only differential diagnosis is Crisfield-Dretakis-Sharpe syndrome, a combination of lateral gaze palsy, ptosis, and scoliosis without hypotonia, recessively inherited. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of reimbursement criteria on the appropriateness of 'statin' prescribing.
Autier, Philippe; Creplet, Jean; Vansant, Greet et al

in European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (2003), 10(6), 456-62

BACKGROUND: In Belgium, regulations restrict the reimbursement of statins to patients with total serum cholesterol above 250 mg/dl (6.41 mmol/l) after a three-month lipid-lowering diet. We investigated ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In Belgium, regulations restrict the reimbursement of statins to patients with total serum cholesterol above 250 mg/dl (6.41 mmol/l) after a three-month lipid-lowering diet. We investigated the possible impact of these regulations on characteristics of Belgian patients receiving a lipid-lowering drug. DESIGN: From 1998 to 2000, standard questionnaires on coronary risk factors and treatments with lipid-lowering drugs were completed by 301 GPs sampled at random in the 11 Belgian Provinces. Questionnaires had to be completed for 18 consecutive patients 35 years old or more attending GPs' practices, irrespective of the underlying motive for attendance. RESULTS: Of the 5511 patients included in the study, 1519 (28%) had established coronary disease or diabetes mellitus, or > or = 2 non-cholesterol coronary risk factors. Most (70%) of these patients were not treated with a lipid-lowering drug. Only 22% of patients with established coronary disease, 10% of patients with diabetes mellitus and 9% of patients with > or = 2 coronary risk factors were treated with a statin. Fifty-nine percent of fibrate users and 50% of statin users had a pre-treatment cholesterol level above 250 mg/dl, but had no or only one non-cholesterol coronary risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: In Belgium, the majority of patients at higher risk of coronary event do not benefit from lipid-lowering drugs, particularly the statins. In contrast, one of two statin users and three of five fibrate users should probably not receive the drug prescribed. Regulation based on blood cholesterol level encourages the overlooking of other risk factors relevant for selecting patients having the greatest chance to benefit from statin treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavioral characterization of acetaldehyde in C57BL/6J mice: Locomotor, hypnotic and ataxic effects
Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Tambour, Sophie ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (2003), 14(Suppl. 1), 69-69

Acetaldehyde, the first ethanol metabolite, was recently suggested to play a major role in many behavioral effects of ethanol. However, no studies have directly investigated the behavioral effects of ... [more ▼]

Acetaldehyde, the first ethanol metabolite, was recently suggested to play a major role in many behavioral effects of ethanol. However, no studies have directly investigated the behavioral effects of acetaldehyde after acute administration. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterize the locomotor, hypnotic and ataxic effects of acetaldehyde in C57BL/6J mice. Various acetaldehyde doses (0-300 mg/kg) were injected intraperitoneally and their effects were investigated with several classical behavioral tests. The locomotor effects of acetaldehyde were measured in standard activity boxes. In addition, the loss of righting reflex was used to assess the hypnotic effects of acetaldehyde. Finally, the ataxic effects of acetaldehyde were studied with the horizontal wire test. The results show that acetaldehyde induced a significant hypolocomotor effect at 170 mg/kg and higher doses. In addition, the hypnotic effects of acetaldehyde were evidenced by a loss of righting reflex in doses between 170 and 300 mg/kg. However, the locomotor and hypnotic effects of acetaldehyde were very brief relative to what is observed after ethanol administration. After 170 mg/kg acetaldehyde, normal activity was recovered in less than 30 minutes and the loss of righting reflex lasted only an average of 6.14 ± 1.29 minutes after the administration of 300 mg/kg acetaldehyde, the highest testable dose before lethality. Ataxic effects were observed with lower doses that did not significantly affect locomotor activity. These results show that acetaldehyde, like ethanol, possesses sedative, hypnotic and ataxic properties and therefore indicate that the first product of ethanol metabolism might be involved in these ethanol effects. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrant Integration in Brussels
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Koff, H. (Ed.) Migrant Integration in European Cities (2003)

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See detailde Montpellier d'Annevoie Gérard
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Nouvelle biographie nationale. Vol. 7 (2003)

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See detailIl conflitto sulla regolarizzazione dei sans-papiers in Belgio
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Kagné, Bonaventure

in Basso, Pietro; Perocco, Fabio (Eds.) Gli immigrati in Europa. Disegualianze, razzismo, lotte (2003)

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See detailExternal quality grading of Jonagold apples using a multi-spectral vision system
Kleynen, Olivier; Leemans, Vincent ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Balsa-Canto E., Mora J.; Onate E. (Eds.) II International Workshop - Information Technologies and Computing Techniques for the Agro-Food Sector (2003)

This paper presents a method to sort Jonagold apples using a four bands multi-spectral image acquisition device. Multi-spectral images of sound tissue and various defects were acquired. Defects could be ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a method to sort Jonagold apples using a four bands multi-spectral image acquisition device. Multi-spectral images of sound tissue and various defects were acquired. Defects could be divided into four classes: slight defects (e.g. small russet), more serious defects (scar tissue), defects leading to the rejection of the fruit (e.g. rot) and recent bruises (between one hour and two hours old). Image segmentation was based on the Bayes' theorem. Each pixel of the fruit was classified into 'healthy' or 'defect' classes according to the probability distribution of the spectral components of each class. Once segmented, the fruit was graded by linear discriminant analysis on the basis of the relative area of the defect and statistical parameters computed on the spectral components of the two tissues classes. Results (cross validation) showed 94% and 84% if the sound and defective fruits respectively well classified. Most of the misclassified defective fruits (89%) belonged to the slight defect category. [less ▲]

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See detailTranscription-coupled TA and GC strand asymmetries in the human genome
Touchon, M.; Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Arneodo, Alain et al

in FEBS Letters (2003), 555

Abstract Analysis of the whole set of human genes reveals that most of them present TA and GC skews, that these biases are correlated to each other and are speci¢c to gene sequences, exhibiting sharp ... [more ▼]

Abstract Analysis of the whole set of human genes reveals that most of them present TA and GC skews, that these biases are correlated to each other and are speci¢c to gene sequences, exhibiting sharp transitions between transcribed and non-tran- scribed regions. The GC asymmetries cannot be explained solely by a model previously proposed for (G+T) skew based on tran- sitions measured in a small set of human genes. We propose that the GC skew results from additional transcription-coupled mu- tation process that would include transversions. During evolu- tion, both processes acting on a large majority of genes in germ- line cells would have produced these transcription-coupled strand asymmetries. [less ▲]

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See detailViolence(s) politique(s), terrorisme(s) et logique(s) démocratique(s)
Matagne, Geoffroy ULg

in Beaufays, Jean (Ed.) La démocratie après le 11 septembre (2003)

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See detailTemporal variability of neurography
WANG, François-Charles ULg; Horward, Alain

in Journal of Neurology (2003)

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See detailPharmacological evaluation of the novel thromboxane modulator BM-567 (I/II). Effects of BM-567 on platelet function
Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg; De Leval, X.; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids (2003)

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See detailLaudatio Hubert Nyssen
Durand, Pascal ULg

Speech/Talk (2003)

Présentation de la double carrière d'Hubert Nyssen écrivain et éditeur à l'occasion de son doctorat honoris causa à l'Université de Liège

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See detailEffets fonctionnels respiratoires induits par l'inhalation de glycopyrrolate chez le cheval poussif en crise
Art, Tatiana ULg; de Moffarts, Brieuc; Van Erck, Emmanuelle et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147

Bronchoconstriction is one of the most constant clinical sign observed in heaves-affected horses in crisis. Cholinergic pathways are involved in the occurrence of this obstruction. Consequently ... [more ▼]

Bronchoconstriction is one of the most constant clinical sign observed in heaves-affected horses in crisis. Cholinergic pathways are involved in the occurrence of this obstruction. Consequently anticholinergic drugs are potentially able to improve the pulmonary function of horses in acute crisis. Among these, atropine and ipratropium bromide have been previously experimented and their beneficial effects reported. In the present work, glycopyrrolate, another synthetic anticholinergic molecule has been tested for bronchodilator efficiency in heaves-affected horses. An acute exacerbation of the illness was obtained by a natural challenge with hay and straw in 7 heaves-affected horses. The first day, the reversibility of the bronchospasm of these horses was controlled by intravenous administration of atropine. Then, pulmonary function tests including mechanics of breathing, ie measurement of pleural pressure changes and respiratory airflows, and arterial blond gases analysis, were performed before as well as 15 and 60 minutes alter inhalation of 1500 µg of glycopyrrolate (Robinul®). The crisis induced a dramatic increase of total pulmonary resistance and maximal pleural pressure changes as well as a decrease in dynamic lung compliance. These changes were significantly reversed 15 and 60 minutes after inhalation of glycopyrrolate. We did not observe any adverse effects similar to those classically observed with atropine. These results showed that glycopyrrolate is a very efficient bronchodilator that may be used by the practitioner to treat a heaves-affected horses in crisis [less ▲]

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See detailRecognising the usual orientation of one's own face : the role of asymmetrically located details
Brédart, Serge ULg

in Perception (2003), 32(7), 805-811

Our ability to recognise the usual horizontal orientation Of Our own face (mirror orientation) as compared with another very familiar face (normal orientation) was examined in experiment 1. Participants ... [more ▼]

Our ability to recognise the usual horizontal orientation Of Our own face (mirror orientation) as compared with another very familiar face (normal orientation) was examined in experiment 1. Participants did not use the same kind of information in determining the orientation of their own face as in determining the orientation of the other familiar face. The proportion of participants who reported having based their judgment on the location of an asymmetric feature (eg a mole) was higher when determining the orientation of their own face than when determining that of the other familiar face. In experiment 2, participants were presented with pairs of manipulated images of their own face and of another familiar face showing conflicting asymmetric features and configural information. Each pair consisted of one picture showing asymmetric features of a given face in a mirror-reversed position, while the facial configuration was left unchanged; and one picture in which the location of the asymmetric features was left unchanged, while the facial configuration was mirror-reversed. As expected from the hypothesis that asymmetric local features are more frequently used for the judgment of one's own face, participants chose the picture showing mirror-reversed asymmetric features when determining the usual orientation of their own face significantly more often than they chose the picture showing normally oriented asymmetric features when determining the orientation of the other face. These results are explained in terms of competing forward and mirror-reversed representations of one's own face. [less ▲]

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