References of "2003"
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See detailLa libre circulation des personnes dans l’Union européenne. Chronique de jurisprudence et de législation
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Journal de Droit Européen [=JDE] (2003), 11(107), 79

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See detailEffect of induction of late embryonic mortality on plasma profiles of pregnancy associated glycoprotein 1 in heifers
Szenci, Otto; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2003), 165(3), 307-313

Inoculation with Actinomyces pyogenes and administration of prostaglandin (PG) F-2alpha were used to induce late embryonic mortality (LEM) in heifers (n = 8) on Days 30-38 of pregnancy in order to compare ... [more ▼]

Inoculation with Actinomyces pyogenes and administration of prostaglandin (PG) F-2alpha were used to induce late embryonic mortality (LEM) in heifers (n = 8) on Days 30-38 of pregnancy in order to compare the profile for bovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein 1 (PAG1), progesterone and 15-keto-13,14-dihydro-PGF(2alpha) (PGFM). Two pregnant heifers were used as controls. Inoculation into the uterine body caused LEM, as established by ultrasonography in each heifer within 24 h of treatment. When the inoculum was injected into the first part of the cervix, LEM occurred in one of two heifers (Heifer A) between 48 and 72 h after treatment. Similarly, PGF(2alpha) treatment caused LEM in three of four heifers. In six of eight heifers, PAG1 started to decrease steadily when it was accompanied by the subsequent death of the embryo. Inoculation through the cervix caused luteolysis in three of four heifers within 6-10 days after induction. After induction of LEM, PGFM concentrations showed a two to 3.8 fold increase in three of four heifers during the following six days, and from that time changed within normal ranges. The results of this study indicate that a PAG1 assay may provide an alternative method to ultrasonography for determining LEM in the cow. [less ▲]

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See detailArterial embolization as a treatment of chronic edema following free cutaneous flap transfer to the lower limbs.
Tchuisse, Charlemagne Noukoua; Barah, Ali; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg et al

in Cardiovascular & Interventional Radiology (2003), 26(3), 316-8

Persisting chronic edema following postoperative free flap transfer is a common complication. We report 3 cases of successful treatment by selective arterial embolization of the feeding arterial branches ... [more ▼]

Persisting chronic edema following postoperative free flap transfer is a common complication. We report 3 cases of successful treatment by selective arterial embolization of the feeding arterial branches without side effect. One session embolization is advocated as a first line treatment of this condition. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'il est long le chemin vers l'équité...
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in L'école, dans quel(s) sens ? Actes du 2e Congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Louvain-la-Neuve, 12-13 mars 2002 (2003)

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See detailA novel high efficiency, low maintenance, hydroponic system for synchronous growth and flowering of Arabidopsis thaliana.
Tocquin, Pierre ULg; Corbesier, Laurent; Havelange, Andrée ULg et al

in BMC Plant Biology (2003), 3(2), 302003

Background: Arabidopsis thaliana is now the model organism for genetic and molecular plant studies, but growing conditions may still impair the significance and reproducibility of the experimental ... [more ▼]

Background: Arabidopsis thaliana is now the model organism for genetic and molecular plant studies, but growing conditions may still impair the significance and reproducibility of the experimental strategies developed. Besides the use of phytotronic cabinets, controlling plant nutrition may be critical and could be achieved in hydroponics. The availability of such a system would also greatly facilitate studies dealing with root development. However, because of its small size and rosette growth habit, Arabidopsis is hardly grown in standard hydroponic devices and the systems described in the last years are still difficult to transpose at a large scale. Our aim was to design and optimize an up-scalable device that would be adaptable to any experimental conditions. Results: An hydroponic system was designed for Arabidopsis, which is based on two units: a seed-holder and a 1-L tank with its cover. The original agar-containing seed-holder allows the plants to grow from sowing to seed set, without transplanting step and with minimal waste. The optimum nitrate supply was determined for vegetative growth, and the flowering response to photoperiod and vernalization was characterized to show the feasibility and reproducibility of experiments extending over the whole life cycle. How this equipment allowed to overcome experimental problems is illustrated by the analysis of developmental effects of nitrate reductase deficiency in nia1nia2 mutants. Conclusion: The hydroponic device described in this paper allows to drive small and large scale cultures of homogeneously growing Arabidopsis plants. Its major advantages are its flexibility, easy handling, fast maintenance and low cost. It should be suitable for many experimental purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the germinal cells to the newborn animal: The transmission of genes and life through the generations
Drion, Pierre ULg; Szenci, Otto; Ectors, Fabien ULg et al

in Acta Veterinaria Hungarica (2003), 51(3), 371-384

The technology of reproduction progressed considerably during the last decade, leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilisation, oocyte maturation and embryo culture. The most ... [more ▼]

The technology of reproduction progressed considerably during the last decade, leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilisation, oocyte maturation and embryo culture. The most spectacular manipulations are cloning and transgenesis. This review focuses on the early appearance of germinal cell precursors and the long-standing fate of gametes in mammals. The evident complexity and long-term programming of events in gametes and early embryos explain part of the difficulties encountered during the development of in vitro and in vivo methods such as multiple Ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET), oestrus synchronisation, ovulation induction, superovulation, in vitro maturation and fertilisation, cryopreservation, transgenesis, nuclear transfer and cloning) and the occurrence of unexpected alterations of development, e.g. embryonic or fetal mortality, large-weight newborn syndrome and other dysregulations ill imprinting or DNA transmission. [less ▲]

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See detailSagriwatel : une vue d'ensemble sur les parcelles.
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Istasse, Alain

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailAccuracy of the continuous glucose monitoring system in inpatient and outpatient conditions
Djakouré-Platonoff, C.; RADERMECKER, Régis ULg; Reach, G. et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2003), 29

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See detailThe impact of reimbursement criteria on the appropriateness of 'statin' prescribing.
Autier, Philippe; Creplet, Jean; Vansant, Greet et al

in European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (2003), 10(6), 456-62

BACKGROUND: In Belgium, regulations restrict the reimbursement of statins to patients with total serum cholesterol above 250 mg/dl (6.41 mmol/l) after a three-month lipid-lowering diet. We investigated ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In Belgium, regulations restrict the reimbursement of statins to patients with total serum cholesterol above 250 mg/dl (6.41 mmol/l) after a three-month lipid-lowering diet. We investigated the possible impact of these regulations on characteristics of Belgian patients receiving a lipid-lowering drug. DESIGN: From 1998 to 2000, standard questionnaires on coronary risk factors and treatments with lipid-lowering drugs were completed by 301 GPs sampled at random in the 11 Belgian Provinces. Questionnaires had to be completed for 18 consecutive patients 35 years old or more attending GPs' practices, irrespective of the underlying motive for attendance. RESULTS: Of the 5511 patients included in the study, 1519 (28%) had established coronary disease or diabetes mellitus, or > or = 2 non-cholesterol coronary risk factors. Most (70%) of these patients were not treated with a lipid-lowering drug. Only 22% of patients with established coronary disease, 10% of patients with diabetes mellitus and 9% of patients with > or = 2 coronary risk factors were treated with a statin. Fifty-nine percent of fibrate users and 50% of statin users had a pre-treatment cholesterol level above 250 mg/dl, but had no or only one non-cholesterol coronary risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: In Belgium, the majority of patients at higher risk of coronary event do not benefit from lipid-lowering drugs, particularly the statins. In contrast, one of two statin users and three of five fibrate users should probably not receive the drug prescribed. Regulation based on blood cholesterol level encourages the overlooking of other risk factors relevant for selecting patients having the greatest chance to benefit from statin treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailResolution of chylothorax after resection of rib chondroma in a dog
Watine, Séverin; Hamaide, Annick ULg; Peeters, Dominique ULg et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2003), 44(12), 546-549

A six-year-old, male dobermann was presented with a history of dyspnoea and bouts of coughing. Radiography and computed tomography of the thorax showed pleural effusion and a well-circumscribed, calcified ... [more ▼]

A six-year-old, male dobermann was presented with a history of dyspnoea and bouts of coughing. Radiography and computed tomography of the thorax showed pleural effusion and a well-circumscribed, calcified mass of 10 cm in diameter, appearing to originate from the left first rib. Thoracocentesis revealed that the pleural fluid was chylous in nature. An inclsional biopsy was performed, which gave a histological diagnosis of chondroma. Resolution of the chylothorax after en-bloc surgical removal of the tumour suggested that the rib tumour was the initiating cause of the chylothorax. Seventeen months later, rib neoplasia recurred without pleural effusion, and was removed successfully. To the authors' knowledge, rib chondroma, which is an unusual tumour in dogs, has not been previously documented as a cause of chylothorax. [less ▲]

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See detailSylviculture et qualité du bois de l'épicéa en Région wallonne
Hebert, Jacques ULg; Herman, Marc; Jourez, Benoît ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (2003), 62

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See detailRadiologie abdominale du chien et du chat
Busoni, Valeria ULg

Learning material (2003)

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See detailDéveloppement : la course à la compétitivité
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Gobillon, L.

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailApport à la connaisance du genre Rhizophagus Herbst, 1793 (Coleoptera: Clavicornia Monotomidae) en région wallonne (Belgique)
Thieren, Yves; Fagot, Jean ULg; Lhoir, Jonathan et al

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2003), 50

During a trapping year in two hardwood forests of Walloonia, the Rhizophagus reveale to be the most abundant saproxylic beetles. The authors give comments on the different species met, on the relations ... [more ▼]

During a trapping year in two hardwood forests of Walloonia, the Rhizophagus reveale to be the most abundant saproxylic beetles. The authors give comments on the different species met, on the relations between species and trapping methods and on the species activity during the six months trapping. Waiting for an exhaustive revision of the genera, a primary point is made on the Rhizophagus in Belgium and a prime list is given with a lot of ethological considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes insaponifiables d'avocats/soja s'opposent aux effets délétères d'H2O2 sur le métabolisme du cartilage
Mathy-Hartet, Marianne; Devel, P; Piccardi, N et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2003), 70

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See detailL’implication dans la recherche clinique : un chemin vers la psychanalyse
Naziri, Despina ULg

in Revue Belge de Psychanalyse (2003), 40(printemps), 3-24

L'article débute par un bref rappel des liens entre psychologie clinique et modèle psychanalytique et de la spécificité de la recherche clinique. Puis j’illustrerai ce type de recherche à travers mon ... [more ▼]

L'article débute par un bref rappel des liens entre psychologie clinique et modèle psychanalytique et de la spécificité de la recherche clinique. Puis j’illustrerai ce type de recherche à travers mon travail sur le recours répétitif à l’avortement en explicitant mon cheminement, tant au niveau de la pensée que de l’expérience, et en reprenant quelques repères de mon itinéraire personnel. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale texture characterization of wastewater sludges dried in a convective rig
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Pirard, René ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2003), 21(8), 1507-1526

Secondary sludges from two different wastewater treatment plants are conditioned and dewatered in the same way before drying in a lab-scale convective rig at the same operating conditions. Several ... [more ▼]

Secondary sludges from two different wastewater treatment plants are conditioned and dewatered in the same way before drying in a lab-scale convective rig at the same operating conditions. Several techniques are used to characterize the texture of the dried materials over a wide range of scales from nm up to mm. Texture and porosity of the dried products are studied by SEM imaging, nitrogen absorption isotherms (0.5 < d(p) < 50 nm), mercury porosimetry (7.5 nm < d(p) < 150 mum) and X-ray microtomography (spatial resolution= 41 mum). The image analysis of cross-sections reconstructed by microtomography also allows following shrinkage and textural evolution during drying. [less ▲]

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See detailBlending of hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil, low-erucic acid rapeseed oil, and hydrogenated palm oil or palm oil in the preparation of shortenings
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (2003), 80(11), 1069-1075

Two ternary systems of fats were studied. In the first system, low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (LERO), hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (HLERO), and palm oil (PO) were blended. In the second system ... [more ▼]

Two ternary systems of fats were studied. In the first system, low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (LERO), hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (HLERO), and palm oil (PO) were blended. In the second system, hydrogenated palm oil (HPO) was used instead of PO and was blended with LERO and HLERO. The blends were then studied for their physical properties such as solid fat content (SFC), melting curves by DSC, and polymorphism (X-ray). HPO showed the highest melting enthalpy after 48 h at 15degreesC (141 +/- 1 J/g), followed by HLERO (131 +/- 2 J/g), PO (110 +/- 2 J/g), and LERO (65 +/- 4 J/g). Binary phase behavior diagrams were constructed from the DSC and X-ray results. Iso-line diagrams of partial-melting enthalpies were constructed from the DSC results, and binary and ternary isosolid diagrams were constructed from the NMR results. The isosolid diagrams demonstrated formation of a eutectic along the binary blend of PO/HLERO. However, no eutectic effect was observed along the binary lines of HPO/HLERO, PO/LERO, HPO/LERO, or HLERO/LERO. The same results were found with the iso-line diagrams of partial-melting enthalpies. As expected, addition of PO or HPO increased polymorphic stability in the beta' form of the HLERO/LERO mixture. [less ▲]

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