References of "2003"
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See detailMinitransplants: allogeneic stem cell transplantation with reduced toxicity.
Beguin, Yves ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2003), 58(1), 37-45

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is used for the treatment of selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is based on two very different mechanisms, involving the ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is used for the treatment of selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is based on two very different mechanisms, involving the conditioning regimen and the graft-versus-host reactions, respectively. The high-dose chemo-radiotherapy conditioning regimen is aimed at destroying tumor cells, ablating the host immune system (to prevent rejection) and eliminating the host bone marrow (to "make space" for donor stem cells). However, the definitive eradication of tumor cells is also largely mediated by an immune-mediated destruction of malignant cells by donor lymphocytes termed graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) or graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effect. However, because of its toxicity, conventional allogeneic HSCT is restricted to younger (< 55 years) and fitter patients. These observations led several groups to set up new (less toxic) transplant protocols based on a two step approach: first the use of immunosuppressive (but nonmyeloablative) conditioning regimens providing sufficient immunosuppression to achieve engraftment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells and, in a second step, destruction of malignant cells by the GVL effect. These transplants are called nonmyeloablative HSCT or reduced-conditioning HSCT or minitransplants. Preliminary results show that minitransplants are feasible with a relatively low transplant-related mortality (TRM) even in patients up to 70 years. In addition, strong anti-tumor responses are observed in several hematological malignancies as well as in some patients with renal cell carcinoma. As the benefits of minitransplants over alternative forms of treatment remain to be demonstrated, this strategy should be restricted to patients included in clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailWP7: Construction of a prototype environmental chamber, final report
Andre, Philippe ULg

Report (2003)

Rapport du WP7 du projet européen "Improvement of Transport Safety by control of fog production in a chamber", qui s'est déroulé entre 2000 et 2003, financé par l'Union Européenne

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See detailRétention gazeuse dans une colonne à bulles contenant un liquide visqueux non-newtonien
Fransolet, Emmanuelle; Coumont, V.; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (2003), 56(622), 15-20

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See detailUnimolecular Dissociation of Halogenobenzene Cations by Phase space Theory.
Gridelet, E.; Lorquet, Jean-Claude ULg; Locht, Robert ULg et al

in Anton, J.; Cedrequist, H.; Larsson, M. (Eds.) et al 23rd International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions: Book of Abstracts. (2003)

The Orbiting Transition State version of the Phase Space Theory (PST) is used to calculate the KER distributions in the dissociation channel of X (X=I,Cl,Br)-loss from C6H5X+. The results are compared to ... [more ▼]

The Orbiting Transition State version of the Phase Space Theory (PST) is used to calculate the KER distributions in the dissociation channel of X (X=I,Cl,Br)-loss from C6H5X+. The results are compared to the experimental distribution and to that obtained by PST. [less ▲]

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See detailL’herpèsvirose canine
Ronsse, V.; Poulet, H.; Verstegen, J. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(2, APR-MAY), 65

Canine herpesvirus is known to be a causal agent of reproduction disorders and diseases of the upper respiratory system. Subclinical infections are also frequently observed. The interest for the virus has ... [more ▼]

Canine herpesvirus is known to be a causal agent of reproduction disorders and diseases of the upper respiratory system. Subclinical infections are also frequently observed. The interest for the virus has risen in recent years especially since latency has been demonstrated and a new vaccine has been developed. In this review article we will successively deal with virus characteristics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis as well as therapy and prevention. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of training system for adults in educational technology
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Piette, Sylvie-Anne ULg

in Davies, Gordon; Stacey, Elisabeth (Eds.) Quality education @ a distance (2003)

This chapter reports the characteristics of a post graduate diploma on educational technologies based on a combination of face-to-face and distance activities and assesses its quality. We first define the ... [more ▼]

This chapter reports the characteristics of a post graduate diploma on educational technologies based on a combination of face-to-face and distance activities and assesses its quality. We first define the bases of the training program and present several tools (logbook, portfolio and questionnaires) which have been used to evaluate and regulate both training and individual learning process. Our observations indicate an increase and better regulation of the quality of the educational and learning processes. On the basis of the results we achieved, we propose that our original design could be extended to similar adult training programs. The way this innovative system is integrated in the universities shows an evolution due to its success that implies a certain kind of return on investment due to the demand of such kinds of device. [less ▲]

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See detailMalignant melanoma
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Hustinx, Roland ULg; Rigo, Pierre ULg et al

in Oehr, Peter; Biersack, Hans_jürgen; Coleman, Edward R (Eds.) PET and PET-CT in Oncology (2003)

PET and PET-CT in Oncology describes the principles of positron emission tomography and is a useful resource for incorporating the technique in clinical practice. In a clear and straightforward fashion ... [more ▼]

PET and PET-CT in Oncology describes the principles of positron emission tomography and is a useful resource for incorporating the technique in clinical practice. In a clear and straightforward fashion, this heavily-illustrated text offers instructive information and overviews of the basic principles of PET and PET-CT as well as the routine clinical PET scanning procedures for all important oncological indications. It is designed to serve as a reference work for specialists in nuclear medicine and radiology (including therapy planning) and for oncologists. It also provides student and physicians in other medical specialities with a general introduction to the effective integration of this modern technique into routine clinical diagnostics. Above all, this volume illustrates the importance of PET and PET-CT in comparison with other imaging techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailStratégies thérapeutiques dans les adénomes somatotropes avec extension extrasellaire. Place du traitement médical. Etude consensus du Répertoire français de l'Acromégalie.
Jaquet, Ph; Cortet-Rudelli, Ch; Sassolas, G. et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2003), 64(6), 434-441

From the first 198 patient files included into the French Acromegaly Registry, we analyzed 68 patients harboring a somatotroph adenoma with extrasellar extension, after exclusion of those treated by ... [more ▼]

From the first 198 patient files included into the French Acromegaly Registry, we analyzed 68 patients harboring a somatotroph adenoma with extrasellar extension, after exclusion of those treated by stereotactic or conventional radiotherapy. In these patients (including 37 women), aged 21-77 yr. (45.7 +/- 13.3), GH concentrations ranged from 2-260 microg/L (38.6 +/- 44.3), and IGF I from 86-967% of age-matched upper limit of normal (303 +/- 164). Maximal diameter of the adenoma at MRI was 11-36.5 mm (20.4 +/- 6.5), with cavernous sinus involvement in 68% of cases. Three subgroups were defined: 20 patients treated by long-acting somatostatin analogs only (group M), for a mean duration of 3 yr. (extremes 1-7 yr.), 48 patients initially treated by transsphenoidal surgery (group C), of whom 21 were secondarily treated by long-acting somatostatin analogs (group CM) for a mean duration of 1.2 yr. (extremes 0.2-2 yr.). All 3 groups were not statistically different in terms of tumor mass and initial levels of GH and IGF-1. Patients from group M were significantly older than those of the other groups (p<0.05). RESULTS: 46% of patients from group C after surgery vs. 45% of patients from group M had a mean GH below 2.5 microg/L. Biochemical remission (GH<2.5 microg/L and normal IGF1 normal) was obtained in 31% of cases in group C, vs. 25% in group M. In this group, a decrease of the largest tumor diameter was observed in 10 patients (71.5%), ranging from 10-25% in 7 (50%) and exceeded 50% in 3 (21.5%). In group CM, the biochemical remission rate (42%) and final GH or IGF1 values were not significantly different from group M. In conclusion, these data suggest that surgery or long-acting somatostatin analogs have a comparable efficacy in terms of remission rates in somatotroph macroadenomas with extrasellar extensions. [less ▲]

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See detailConfinement and cut-off: A model for the Pion Quark Distribution Function
Stassart, Pierre ULg; Bissey, F.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg et al

(2003)

The pion structure function is investigated in a simple pseudo-scalar coupling model of pion and constituent quark fields. The imaginary part of the forward Compton scattering amplitude is evaluated. We ... [more ▼]

The pion structure function is investigated in a simple pseudo-scalar coupling model of pion and constituent quark fields. The imaginary part of the forward Compton scattering amplitude is evaluated. We show that the introduction of non-perturbative effects, linked through a cut-off to the size of the pion, allows the reproduction of important features of the pion quark distribution function. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Europa de las migraciones: Por une política proactiva de la inmigración.
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Book published by Bellaterra (2003)

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See detailGENIE: a ground-based precursor for the IRSI-Darwin mission
Absil, Olivier ULg

in Aime, Claude; Soummer, Rémi (Eds.) Astronomy with High Contrast Imaging (2003)

During the preliminary phase A of the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE), a number of interferometric configurations have been studied, in the cases of exozodiacal cloud and ... [more ▼]

During the preliminary phase A of the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE), a number of interferometric configurations have been studied, in the cases of exozodiacal cloud and hot Jupiter detection. Their expected performances have been computed in light of the measured or expected performances of the VLTI sub-systems. A simple Bracewell nulling interferometer, formed of two Unit Telescopes and working in the L' or N bands, has been identified as a good candidate configuration for exozodiacal cloud detection. External or internal chopping, fringe tracking and intensity matching will be critical issues for this configuration. In the case of hot Jupiter detection, a double Bracewell with internal modulation in the L' band seems well appropriate, and should allow to carry out low resolution spectroscopy on a few bright exoplanets. The basic assumptions and computations which have lead to these candidate configurations are described in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Radcalwet observation campaign: relative and absolute calibration of WVR's
Pottiaux, Eric; Becker, M.; Buerki, B. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailInorganic and organic carbon biogeochemistry in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) during pre-monsoon : the local impact of extensive mangrove forests
Bouillon, Steven; Frankignoulle, Michel; Dehairs, Frank et al

in Global Biogeochemical Cycles (2003), 17(4),

[1] The distribution and sources of organic and inorganic carbon were studied in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) and in a mangrove ecosystem in its delta during pre-monsoon. In the ... [more ▼]

[1] The distribution and sources of organic and inorganic carbon were studied in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) and in a mangrove ecosystem in its delta during pre-monsoon. In the oligohaline and mesohaline section (salinity 0–15) of the estuary, internal production of total alkalinity (TAlk) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) was recorded, and the d13CDIC profile suggests that carbonate dissolution may be an important process determining the DIC dynamics in this section of the Godavari. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) was fairly low along the entire salinity gradient, (293–500 ppm), but much higher and more variable (1375–6437 ppm) in the network of tidal mangrove creeks in the delta. Here, variations in the concentration and d13C of the DIC pool were shown to result largely from the mineralization of organic matter. The present study clearly identifies the mangrove creeks as an active site of mineralization and CO2 efflux to the atmosphere, but shows that these changes in the aquatic biogeochemistry are a localized feature, rapidly fading in the adjacent Kakinada Bay. Our data indicate that mineralization of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of mangrove origin, and its subsequent efflux as CO2 to the atmosphere may represent an important fate for mangrove carbon. Although further quantification of this process in a variety of systems is required, we suggest that some of the current ideas on the role of mangroves in the carbon budget of the coastal zone may need to be reconsidered. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of change in bone resorption and bone mineral density with once-weekly alendronate and daily risedronate: a randomised, placebo-controlled study
Hosking, D.; Adami, S.; Felsenberg, D. et al

in Current Medical Research & Opinion (2003), 19(5), 383-394

Objective: To compare the effects of alendronate (ALN) 70 mg once weekly (OW) and risedronate (RIS) 5 mg daily between-meal dosing on biochemical markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) in ... [more ▼]

Objective: To compare the effects of alendronate (ALN) 70 mg once weekly (OW) and risedronate (RIS) 5 mg daily between-meal dosing on biochemical markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Research design and methods: This was a 3-month, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a double-blind extension to 12 months. The study enrolled 549 postmenopausal women (ALN 219, RIS 222 and placebo (PBO) 108) who were : 60 years of age at outpatient centres. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoint was reduction in urine N-telopeptides of type 1 collagen (NTx) corrected for creatinine level at 3 months. Secondary parameters included change in BMD at the spine and hip at 6 and 12 months, NTx at 1, 6 and 12 months, and serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BSAP) at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. Adverse experiences (AEs) were recorded throughout the study for an assessment of treatment safety profiles and tolerability. Results: Over 3 months, ALN produced a significantly greater mean reduction in urine NTx than did RIS (-52% vs -32%, p < 0.001), which was maintained at 12 months. ALN produced a significantly greater mean BMD increase than did RIS at 6 months, and it was maintained at 12 months at the lumbar spine (4.8% vs 2.8%, p < 0.001) and total hip (2.7% vs 0.9%, p < 0.001), as well as at the trochanter and femoral neck. Significant reductions in BSAP with ALN compared to RIS were maintained over the 12 months of treatment. Study size did not allow for meaningful assessment of differences in fracture rates. Tolerability was generally similar between ALN, RIS and PBO, and the incidence of upper GI AEs causing discontinuation and oesophageal AEs was similar in the ALN and RIS groups. Conclusion: In this study, ALN 70 mg OW produced a 50% greater reduction in bone resorption as measured by urine NTx and significantly greater increases in lumbar spine and hip BMD than did RIS 5 mg daily. The treatments had similar safety profiles and were generally well-tolerated. Additional studies are needed comparing OW ALN with OW RIS, which became available after the commencement of the present study. [less ▲]

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See detailLe pouvoir discrétionnaire du juge: rapport belge
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Storme, M.; Hess, B. (Eds.) Discretionary power of the judge: limits and control (2003)

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See detailDiagnostic différentiel en cas de présomption de myopathie atypique des équidés : illustration au travers de cas référés à la Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire de l’Université de Liège au cours du printemps 2003
Votion, Dominique ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg; Baise, Etienne ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147

Atypical myopathy is a frequently fatal disease inducing extensive and severe muscular damage, occurring during autumn and spring in grazing horses. The main features of the syndrome are the sudden onset ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy is a frequently fatal disease inducing extensive and severe muscular damage, occurring during autumn and spring in grazing horses. The main features of the syndrome are the sudden onset of non pathognomonic symptoms such as weakness, stiffness, sudation, recumbency and when observed, emission of dark urine. Confirmation of the diagnosis is of paramount importance since the disease can be recurrent on limited geographic area. This paper discusses the methodology applied on 7 clinical cases referred with a symptomatology suggestive of atypical myopathy to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Liege University during the spring 2003. Two of those cases were confirmed for atypical myopathy. A presumption of atypical myopathy may be drawn on history and clinical signs. On living animals, the serum concentration of the creatinine phosphokinase enzyme is the most useful biochemical tests as an aid to diagnosis because it confirms the presence of muscle damage. Nevertheless, the definitive diagnosis requires the histological examination of specific muscular samples obtained post-mortem. [less ▲]

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