References of "2003"
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See detailCombinaison de la radiographie et de l'échographie pour l'examen du grasset sur le terrain
Busoni, Valeria ULg

in Proceedings de la Journée de la Belgian Equine Practitioners Society (BEPS) (2003)

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See detailDu Séminaire de Géographie au Département de Géographie, Cent ans de géographie à l’Université de Liège, 1903-2003
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2003), (43), 3-17

100-year history of teaching and research in geography at the University of Liege

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See detailLes chitosanes – nouveaux adjuvants pour la vaccination par voie muqueuse chez les animaux
Gogev, S.; Versali, Marie-France ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(5, OCT-NOV), 343-350

The advantage of mucosal vaccination is the induction of an immune response at entry sites of pathogens. Because vaccines alone are poorly bioavailable after mucosal administration, they need to be co ... [more ▼]

The advantage of mucosal vaccination is the induction of an immune response at entry sites of pathogens. Because vaccines alone are poorly bioavailable after mucosal administration, they need to be co-administered with penetration enhancers, or adjuvants. Numerous studies have demonstrated that chitosans and their derivatives are safe and effective mucosal absorption enhancers of hydrophylic macromolecules such as peptides and proteins. Chitosan is a cationic polysaccharide derived from chitin present in the covering layer of arthropods and in the cell walls of many fungi. Association of vaccines to chitosans, their derivatives or some of their particulate systems, such as nano- and microparticles, has also shown to enhance antigen uptake by mucosal lymphoid tissues, thereby inducing mucosal and systemic immune responses against these antigens. Chitosan and its derivatives are promising adjuvants for mucosal vaccine delivery in animals. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de la substitution du tourteau de soja par des graines de lupin, avec ou sans complément d'alpha-galactosidase, sur la digestibilité des régimes et la rétention azotée du porc en croissance
Froidmont, Eric; Schoeling, Olivia; Deliège, Françoise et al

in Journées Recherche Porcine (2003)

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See detailConceptual issues in 3D Urban GIS
Billen, Roland ULg; Zlatanova, Siyka

in GIM International (2003), 17(1), 33-35

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See detailMycoplasma bovis : synthèse des connaissances actuelles
Thomas, Anne; Mainil, Jacques ULg; Linden, Annick ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(1, FEB-MAR), 23-39

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle. Amongst them, M. Bovis is the most pathogenic species in countries free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia because it is responsible for bronchopneumonia ... [more ▼]

Mycoplasmas frequently infect cattle. Amongst them, M. Bovis is the most pathogenic species in countries free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia because it is responsible for bronchopneumonia, arthritis and mastitis, and is thus associated with strong economic losses. Several studies have shown the frequency of M. bovis in Europe and the spread of antibiotic-resistant strains. Considering the absence of vaccine in Europe, it is essential to understand this bacteria in order to control the infection in cattle. In this context, this paper aims at summarizing the current knowledge about M. bovis. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes Export Controls Regimes could Contribute to Counter the Acquisition of WMD by Sub-national ?,
Michel, Quentin ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Sciences (2003)

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See detailPharmacological evaluation of the novel thromboxane modulator BM-567 (II/II). Effects of BM-567 on osteogenic sarcoma-cell-induced platelet aggregation
De Leval, X.; Benoit, V.; Delarge, J. et al

in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids (2003)

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See detailInfluence of a nonlinear reference temperature profile on oscillatory Benard-Marangoni convection.
Dondlinger, M.; Colinet, P.; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2003), 68(6 Pt 2), 066310

We analyze oscillatory instabilities in a fluid layer of infinite horizontal extent, heated from above or cooled from below, taking into account the nonlinearity of the reference temperature profile ... [more ▼]

We analyze oscillatory instabilities in a fluid layer of infinite horizontal extent, heated from above or cooled from below, taking into account the nonlinearity of the reference temperature profile during the transient state of heat conduction. The linear stability analysis shows that a nonlinear reference temperature profile can have a strong effect on the system, either stabilizing or destabilizing, depending on the relative importance of buoyancy and surface tension forces. For the nonlinear analysis we use a Galerkin-Eckhaus method leading to a finite set of amplitude equations. In the two-dimensional (2D) case, we show the solution of these amplitude equations are standing waves. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations sous Anvers, 12 septembre 2002
Boularbah, Hakim ULg; Marquette, V.

in Revue de Droit Commercial Belge [= RDC] = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Handelsrecht [=TBH] (2003)

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See detailLa transformation et l'utilisation du bois de peuplier
Leclercq, André; Jourez, Benoît ULg

in Le Peuplier en Wallonie (2003)

The poplar wood has been largely used (frame – carpentry packing – paper pulp – sabot manufacture – furniture – rotary peeling for panels and packaging). Some uses of the past were progressively abandoned ... [more ▼]

The poplar wood has been largely used (frame – carpentry packing – paper pulp – sabot manufacture – furniture – rotary peeling for panels and packaging). Some uses of the past were progressively abandoned for tropical species or softwood. But the poplar is now largely used for the rotary peeling process, where its characteristics are appropriated and appreciated. The products not suitable for rotary peeling are used for packaging and ships for panel industry. In the past inside the important wooded areas was never considered as an valuable species while it was used in areas of small forests. Indeed for products with little added value the transportation costs become paramount and in such a case the production of poplars outside large forests become an advantage. A better knowledge of its capabilities during the various stages of its transformation and of its behaviour under various treatments has made it possible to look for new markets so as to enlarge the possibility of use. [less ▲]

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See detailLa voie transobturatrice de dedans en dehors: Considérations anatomiques
Bonnet, Pierre ULg; Waltregny, David ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in Progrès en Urologie (2003), 13(5)(Suppl.), 22

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See detailBehavioral characterization of acetaldehyde in C57BL/6J mice: Anxiolytic, amnesic and hedonic effects
Tambour, Sophie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (2003), 14(Suppl. 1), 68-69

It has been postulated that a number of central effects of ethanol are mediated through the action of its first metabolite, acetaldehyde. In particular, acetaldehyde might be involved in the anxiolytic ... [more ▼]

It has been postulated that a number of central effects of ethanol are mediated through the action of its first metabolite, acetaldehyde. In particular, acetaldehyde might be involved in the anxiolytic and hedonic effects of ethanol and is therefore believed to play an important role in alcohol abuse. In agreement with this assumption, previous studies indicated that acetaldehyde is mainly reinforcing in rats, which have been shown to readily self-administer acetaldehyde both peripherally and centrally. However, the hedonic effects of acetaldehyde have never been tested in mice, and the possible amnesic and anxiolytic effects of acetaldehyde remain to be elucidated. Therefore, the present studies were aimed at characterizing the anxiolytic, hedonic and amnesic effects of acetaldehyde after its acute peripheral administration to C57BL/6J mice. The effects of intraperitoneal acetaldehyde (0-300 mg/kg) injections were assessed in several classical behavioral tests. The anxiolytic effects were tested with the elevated plus maze, the hedonic effects with the place conditioning procedure and the amnesic effects with the passive avoidance apparatus. Our results show that acetaldehyde dose-dependently altered memory consolidation as evidenced by a reduced performance in the passive avoidance test when acetaldehyde was injected immediately after training at doses between 100 and 300 mg/kg. The elevated plus-maze showed that acetaldehyde, in contrast to ethanol, does not possess anxiolytic properties. Finally, the results of the place conditioning experiment confirmed that acetaldehyde displays significant hedonic properties. The present results add further support to the role of acetaldehyde in ethanol amnesic and hedonic effects but interestingly suggest that acetaldehyde is not involved in ethanol anxiolytic effects. [less ▲]

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See detailSedimentary deposition rates and carbon-14: The epi-paleolithic sequence of Okuzini Cave (southwest Turkey)
Otte, Marcel ULg; López Bayón, Ignacio; Noiret, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science (2003), 30(3), 325-341

A series of radiocarbon dates systematically obtained from bone and charcoal samples from the stratigraphic sequence of Okuzini Cave has been analyzed in conjunction with stratigraphic and archaeological ... [more ▼]

A series of radiocarbon dates systematically obtained from bone and charcoal samples from the stratigraphic sequence of Okuzini Cave has been analyzed in conjunction with stratigraphic and archaeological data to interpret the rates and processes of deposition and human occupation of the cave during the Epipaleolithic of southwest Turkey. AMS dates obtained on the charcoal series reveal the existence of three stratigraphic gaps. Sedimentation rates for the deposits are evaluated in relation to radiometric determinations, the nature and origin of sediment accumulation, the structure of the faunal and lithic assemblages and the changing nature of human occupation of the cave. A hypothesis is proposed to explain the processes and rates of sedimentation, including the three gaps revealed by the radiometric series. One of our aims is to caution against interpretations of cultural evolution directly linked to sedimentary rates for which the variation is not immediately evident during excavation, but which requires a more critical analysis, as we have had the opportunity to do at Okuzini. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des techniques végétales pour la stabilisation des berges : suivi de chantiers réalisés dans différents types de rivières wallonnes.
Hallot, Eric ULg; Petit, François ULg; Verniers, G. et al

in Evaluer le milieu - Journées des géographes belges (2003)

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See detailUsing artificial neural networks to estimate rotor angles and speeds from phasor measurements
Del Angel, Alberto; Glavic, Mevludin; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

(2003)

This paper deals with an improved use of phasor measurements. In particular, the paper focuses on the development of a technique for estimation of generator rotor angle and speed, based on phasor ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with an improved use of phasor measurements. In particular, the paper focuses on the development of a technique for estimation of generator rotor angle and speed, based on phasor measurement units, for transient stability assessment and control in real-time. Two multilayered feed-forward artificial neural networks are used for this purpose. One for the estimation of rotor angle and another for the estimation of rotor speed. The validation has been made by simulation in a power system because techniques for the direct measurement were not available. Results obtained with the help of a simple one machine to infinite bus system are presented and compared against those obtained using analytical formulas derived from the generator classical model. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging Patterns of Political Participation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in the Brussels Capital Region. The October 2000 Elections
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Rea, Andrea; Jacobs, Dirk

in Journal of International Migration & Integration (2003), 3(2), 201-221

The October 2000 elections did constitute a landmark for the political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region. There was a remarkable increase of elected Belgian ... [more ▼]

The October 2000 elections did constitute a landmark for the political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region. There was a remarkable increase of elected Belgian politicians of non-EU–mainly Moroccan–origin. In this contribution we want to discuss the changing patterns of political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region as seen in the most recent local elections. We contextualize the electoral success of Turkish and (mainly) Moroccan politicians and the poor involvement of EU citizens in the recent elections. To this purpose, we also discuss the political situation in the bilingual region of Brussels, Belgian citizenship law and regulations for political participation of foreign residents. [less ▲]

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