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See detailAmmonium sulphate as promoting agent of the sulphidization process of oxidized Cu-Co ores from the Luiswishi deposit (RDC)
Bastin, David ULg; Frenay, Jean ULg; Philippart, Pierre

Poster (2003)

The Luiswishi deposit belongs to the Cu-Co deposits of the Southern Group of the Katangian Copper Belt and is operated by a joint venture between EGMF (Entreprises Générales Malta Forrest) and Gecamines ... [more ▼]

The Luiswishi deposit belongs to the Cu-Co deposits of the Southern Group of the Katangian Copper Belt and is operated by a joint venture between EGMF (Entreprises Générales Malta Forrest) and Gecamines (Générale des Carrières et des Mines). The Cu-Co ore is beneficiated by the sulphidization process at the NCK (New Concentrator of Kipushi) at Kipushi. Sulphidization followed by flotation with sulphydryl collectors is a common practice for the treatment of oxidized base metals ores. This process is complex and its application at the industrial scale is quite sensitive. In Central Africa it is also a cost intensive treatment as the sulphidizing agent has to be imported. In order to improve the metallurgical performances and to optimise the economics of the process, a laboratory research program was carried out by the Laboratory of Metallurgy and Mineral Processing (MTM) of the University of Liège in close collaboration with EGMF and Gecamines. This program included the study of various flotation reagents as dispersing, depressing and activating agents. This paper presents the results obtained with the use of ammonium sulphate as activator of the sulphidized xanthate flotation. Although ammonium sulphate has been mentioned in the literature as a promoting agent of the sulphidized xanthate flotation of malachite, its effects on the flotation of cobalt oxides was not known. The testworks were carried out on various oxidized siliceous ore types from the Luiswishi deposit. A 1.7 l Agitair laboratory flotation cell was used. NaHS and potassium amylxanthate were respectively choosen as sulphidizer and collector. A mixture of gasoil and tall oil (90/10) was used as secondary collector. A multistage sulphidization was realised. Values of pH were followed during the different tests and an ion selective electrode Ag/Ag2S was used to control the Es potentiel evolution during the stepwise addition of the sulphidizer. The addition of ammonium suphate [(NH4)2SO4] simultaneously with NaHS led to the following results: -A marked improvement of the sulfidization kinetics leading to shorter conditioning times and limiting the number of sulphidizing stages required to reach maximum recoveries. -The inhibition of the depressive effect on Cu and Co flotation of an excess of hydrosulphide ions in the pulp. -An improvement of the selectivity of the flotation combined with higher cobalt recoveries. The promoting effect is indeed more effective for cobalt than for copper and cobalt recoveries were improved by 4 to 8 %. -A significant decrease of the sulfidizer consumption. These laboratory results were implemented at an industrial scale at the NCK at Kipushi. In close accordance with the laboratory results the sulphidization kinetics were improved and the cobalt recoveries rose by 7 % while maintaining the previous Cu and Co grades of the concentrate. Ammonium sulphate being a low cost and common reagent (it is easily found in the fertiliser industry or as a byproduct of the coke industry), its use significantly improved the economics of the flotation of Cu-Co oxides ores from the Luiswishi deposit. [less ▲]

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See detailToward tissue-selective pancreatic B-cells KATP channel openers belonging to 3-alkylamino-7-halo-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides
De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Becker, B.; Boverie, S. et al

in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2003), 46

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See detailLa constitution de sociétés et la phase de démarrage d'entreprises
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Tilleman, B.; Benoit-Moury, A. et al

Book published by La Charte (2003)

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See detailE lectron–phonon couplings at C60 interfaces: a case study by two- color, infrared–visible sum–frequency generation spectroscopy
Caudano, Yves; Silien, C.; Humbert, Christophe et al

in Journal of Electron Spectroscopy & Related Phenomena (2003), 129

We demonstrate the ability of doubly resonant sum–frequency generation (DR-SFG) to investigate electron–phonon couplings at C60 –metal interfaces. Due to its coupling to electronic transitions, the ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate the ability of doubly resonant sum–frequency generation (DR-SFG) to investigate electron–phonon couplings at C60 –metal interfaces. Due to its coupling to electronic transitions, the totally symmetric Ag(2) vibration of C60 exhibits a huge enhancement of its nonlinear response for sum–frequency energies above the molecular electronic gap. We attribute this resonance to the coupling of the pentagonal pinch mode with the tiu lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of C60. [less ▲]

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See detailL'air du temps : Un souffle d'oxygène pour des collections d'horlogerie
Drouguet, Noémie ULg

in Art&Fact (2003), 22

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See detailProlonged imiquimod treatment and graft-versus-host reaction: histological mimicry in the skin infiltration pattern of the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte lineage.
Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2003), 206(4), 361-365

Factor-XIIIa-positive dendrocytes belong to the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte (MMD) lineage which is considered to play a pivotal role in the skin response to the immune response modifier imiquimod. The ... [more ▼]

Factor-XIIIa-positive dendrocytes belong to the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte (MMD) lineage which is considered to play a pivotal role in the skin response to the immune response modifier imiquimod. The same cells are also boosted in low-grade graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) with skin manifestations. Both conditions are characterized by specific epidermal damage. The aim of the present study was to compare them using immunohistochemistry to identify MMD subsets and other inflammatory cells in the dermis. We compared 3 cases of long-term (4, 9 and 11 months) imiquimod topical applications on normal skin, 25 low-grade GVHR controlled by immunosuppressive therapy and 25 control cases with normal skin. Compared to the normal dermis, cells of the MMD lineage were considerably boosted in the dermis of GVHR and at the imiquimod-treated sites. By contrast, only minimal accumulations of lymphocytes and Langerhans cells were disclosed in the dermis. The pattern of dermal infiltration by MMD cells was similar in GVHR and after imiquimod treatment. However, intraindividual differences in densities were obvious irrespective of the skin condition. In conclusion, there is great mimicry in the MMD involvement in the dermis during low-grade GVHR and after chronic applications of imiquimod. [less ▲]

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See detailLes technologies de l'information et de la communication: un instrument de motivation des fonctionnaires
Dieu, Anne-Marie ULg; Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

in Duvillier, T.; Genard, J.-L.; Piraux, A. (Eds.) La motivation au travail dans les services publics (2003)

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See detailDu texte de circonstance au recueil de Situations. L’économie de l’écriture engagée chez Jean-Paul Sartre
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Langlet, Irène (Ed.) Le Recueil littéraire. Pratiques et théorie d’une forme (2003)

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See detailTwo-dimensional harmonic balance finite element modelling of electrical machines taking motion into account
Gyselinck, Johan; Dular, Patrick ULg; Vandevelde, Lieven et al

in Compel-the International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (2003), 22(4), 1021-1036

An original and easy-to-implement method to take into account movement (motion) in the 2D harmonic balance finite element modelling of electrical machines is presented The global harmonic balance system ... [more ▼]

An original and easy-to-implement method to take into account movement (motion) in the 2D harmonic balance finite element modelling of electrical machines is presented The global harmonic balance system of algebraic equations is derived by applying the Galerkin approach to both the space and time discretisation. The harmonic basis functions, i.e. a cosine and a sine function for each nonzero frequency and a constant function 1 for the DC component, are used for approximating the periodic time variation as well as for weighing the time domain equations in the fundamental period. In practice, this requires some elementary manipulations of the moving band stiffness matrix. Magnetic saturation and electrical circuit coupling are considered in the analysis as well. As an application example, the noload operation of a permanent-magnet machine is considered. The voltage and induction waveforms obtained with the proposed harmonic balance method are shown to converge well to those obtained with time stepping. [less ▲]

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See detailLiège, Ville et Région. Documents cartographiques
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Van Overbeke, Marguerite; Mérenne, Emile et al

Cartographic material (2003)

Quatrième édition d'un petit atlas de Liège destiné principalement à des étudiants et des enseignants. Edité pour la première fois en 1987, cet atlas a été réédité en 1993, 1999 et 2003

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a specific radioimmunoassay for equine osteocalcin
Carstanjen, Bianca; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Banga-Mboko, H. et al

in Domestic Animal Endocrinology (2003), 24(1), 31-41

This study describes for the first time the development and validation of a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for equine osteocalcin (OC) quantification using purified equine OC as standard ... [more ▼]

This study describes for the first time the development and validation of a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for equine osteocalcin (OC) quantification using purified equine OC as standard, tracer, and immunogen for antibody formation in rabbits. The assay allowed to measure equine serum OC levels with a sensitivity of 0.2 ng/mL. Immunoreactive serum OC values of clinically normal, different-aged horses ranged from 3.68 to 127.31 ng/mL. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation (CV) were 6.2 and 8.2%, respectively. Serial equine scrum sample dilutions were linear. The recovery of equine OC from equine serum samples ranged from 93.88 to 107.9%. There was a tight correlation between OC values measured with the equine- specific OC RIA and two commercially available bovine-specific OC RIA kits. However, highest serum OC values were obtained with the equine-specific OC RIA. In conclusion, our equine-specific OC RIA is sensitive, linear, accurate, precise, and reproducible. The assay allowed to quantify OC in equine serum samples and might, therefore, be used to monitor equine osteoblast activity associated with bone diseases, exercise, therapy forms or diet. [less ▲]

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See detailApproximation algorithms for the design of SDH/SONET networks
Brauner, Nadia; Crama, Yves ULg; Finke, Gerd et al

in RAIRO : Operations Research = Recherche Opérationnelle (2003), 37(4, OCT-DEC), 235-247

In this paper, a graph partitioning problem that arises in the design of SONET/SDH networks is defined and formalized. Approximation algorithms with performance guarantees are presented. To solve this ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a graph partitioning problem that arises in the design of SONET/SDH networks is defined and formalized. Approximation algorithms with performance guarantees are presented. To solve this problem efficiently in practice, fast greedy algorithms and a tabu-search method are proposed and analyzed by means of an experimental study. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical models for the analysis of controlled trials on acute migraine
Vandenhende, François; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Pharmaceutical Statistics (2003), 2

pecific efficacy criteria were defined by the International Headache Society for controlled clinical trials on acute migraine. They are derived from the pain profile and the timing of rescue medication ... [more ▼]

pecific efficacy criteria were defined by the International Headache Society for controlled clinical trials on acute migraine. They are derived from the pain profile and the timing of rescue medication intake. We present a methodology to improve the analysis of such trials. Instead of analysing each endpoint separately, we model the joint distribution and derive success rates in any criteria as predictions. We use cumulative regression models for each response at a time and a multivariate normal copula to model the dependence between responses. Parameters are estimated using maximum likelihood. Benefits of the method include a reduction in the number of tests performed and an increase in their power. The method is well suited to dose-response trials from which predictions can be used to select doses and optimize the design of subsequent trials. More generally, our method permits a very flexible modelling of longitudinal series of ordinal data. [less ▲]

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See detailHugo, Rodenbach, d'Annunzio
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Elettra (2003)

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See detailInteraction Of Surfactin With Membranes: A Computational Approach
Deleu, Magali ULg; Bouffioux, O.; Razafindralambo, Hary ULg et al

in Langmuir (2003), 19(8),

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See detailLes ateliers du Matériel: pivots de la diffusion de l'organisation rationnelle au sein de la Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Belges, 1910-1940
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Revue d'Histoire des Chemins de Fer (2003), (28-29), 207-221

Les ateliers du Matériel des Chemins de fer de l'Etat belge, puis de la SNCB, ont été à la fois le point d'entrée des méthodes d'organisation rationnelle du travail et, après l'étape concluante d ... [more ▼]

Les ateliers du Matériel des Chemins de fer de l'Etat belge, puis de la SNCB, ont été à la fois le point d'entrée des méthodes d'organisation rationnelle du travail et, après l'étape concluante d'expérimentation, le point de diffusion de ces méthodes vers d'autres services de la société, mais aussi vers les constructeurs belges de matériel roulant. L'introduction du système de rémunération Rowan à l'atelier central de Malines (principal atelier du matériel du réseau belge) peut être tenu pour le point de départ de l'adoption de méthodes d'organisation rationnelle, dans la mesure où elle impliquait une première forme d'étude systématique du travail ouvrier. Au lendemain de la Première Guerre, une nouvelle organisation du travail d'inspiration taylorienne et son corollaire indispensable - une comptabilité industrielle - vont être introduits dans les ateliers de moyenne réparation des locomotives. Associée initialement à une concentration des ateliers, la taylorisation ne va cesser de progresser. L'adoption du travail à la chaîne pour le placement de freins à air sur ses wagons a constitué une des innovations majeures dans l'organisation du travail à la SNCB. Forte de cette expérience, la SNCB va étendre le travail à la chaîne à d'autres travaux exécutés par le service du Matériel, puis à certaines activités d'autres services. Ainsi cette technique, adoptée pour une opération ponctuelle, va être appliquée aux travaux récurrents de réparation et d'entretien du matériel roulant. Au service de l'Exploitation, la recherche d'un équilibre optimal entre les tâches successives, déterminant majeur du rendement dans le travail à la chaîne, va fournir le principe d'une organisation nouvelle du triage des wagons; de même, les travaux d'entretien des voies vont être réorganisés de manière à les faire exécuter suivant certains principes du travail à la chaîne. La baisse du trafic de marchandises et la dégradation de ses résultats financiers au début des années '30 vont amener la SNCB à approfondir la rationalisation des différents travaux, par une combinaison de techniques déjà éprouvées et de procédures nouvelles; la gestion très centralisée des ateliers va s'appuyer sur deux techniques particulières: les plannings et le contrôle budgétaire. Par une modification de ses principes d'adjudication, la société va aussi imposer le travail à la chaîne, puis le planning, à ses fournisseurs de matériel roulant, amenant ainsi une modernisation de leurs méthodes de travail. L'adoption et la diffusion des méthodes d'organisation a impliqué une très forte centralisation des structures administratives, dont une illustration est donnée par le service d'entretien des wagons, où tous les ateliers sont dirigés par le service central des wagons de la direction du Matériel. Au début de la Seconde Guerre, les limites de cette centralisation vont être perçues par les fonctionnaires dirigeants qui avaient introduit les méthodes d'organisation tayloriennes. Il en résultera une décentralisation des responsabilités; son abandon au lendemain du conflit marque toutefois le retour à une centralisation taylorienne dont les effets se feront sentir pendant plusieurs décennies. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de "La parola al testo. Scritti per Bice Mortara Garavelli"
Benzoni, Pietro ULg

in Stilistica e metrica italiana (2003), III(3), 316-320

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See detailFloriant et Florete, édition bilingue établie, traduite, présentée et annotée
Combes, Annie ULg; Trachsler, Richard

Book published by Honoré Champion (2003)

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See detailL'immersion linguistique dans l'enseignement fondamental en Communauté française de Belgique
Blondin, Christiane ULg

in Journal de l'Immersion (2003), 25(2), 19-31

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See detailBases neurobiologiques et psychopharmacologiques
Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Van den Berghe, Marc

in Dierick, Michel; Ansseau, Marc; D'Haenen, Hugo (Eds.) et al Manuel de Psychopharmacothérapie (2003)

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