References of "2003"
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See detailLes compétences des jeunes de 15 ans en Communauté française en lecture, en mathématiques et en sciences : résultats de l'enquête PISA 2000
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg; Burton, Réginald et al

Book published by Université de Liège. Institut de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Education (2003)

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See detailA spectroscopic determination of singlet oxygen quantum yield of PPME in different solvents
Heyne, B.; Russo, C.; Delanaye, L. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailTime-dependent behaviour of oil reservoir chalk: A multiphase approach
De Gennaro, Vincenzo; Delage, Pierre; Cui, Yu Jun et al

in Soils and Foundations (2003), 43(4),

In the North Sea Ekofisk oilfield, oil is located in a 300 m thick layer of porous chalk (n = 40-50%) at a 3000 m depth. After the initial phase of depletion an enhanced oil recovery procedure was carried ... [more ▼]

In the North Sea Ekofisk oilfield, oil is located in a 300 m thick layer of porous chalk (n = 40-50%) at a 3000 m depth. After the initial phase of depletion an enhanced oil recovery procedure was carried out by injecting sea water (waterflooding). An unexpected consequence of this waterflooding has been the occurrence of a seafloor subsidence, corresponding up to now to a decrease of the seafloor level of approximately 10 m. It is now well recognised that hydro-mechanical coupling involving multiphase fluid interactions (oil and water) is determinant for the interpretation of the phenomenological aspects associated with the chalk compaction and the related subsidence observed in the North Sea oilfields (Ekofisk reservoir) when water flooded. The subsidence due to waterflooding is interpreted as a collapse phenomenon due to suction decrease, typical of loose and low plasticity unsaturated soils when wetted under load. On the other hand, time-dependent stress-strain behaviour of geomaterials is one of the major concerns in soil mechanics and, in effect, subsidence includes creep effects. A multiphase approach, including creep effects under controlled suction levels, is proposed in this paper; the preliminary results of this study are presented and discussed. Attention will be focused at first on the theoretical approach, supplying the essential elements for the work, and on the interpretation of the experimental results. This will provide secondly the base for formulation and validation of the constitutive law proposed for the description of the time-dependent mechanical behaviour of the chalk. [less ▲]

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See detailLe positionnement multidimensionnel : principes et applications
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (2003), (1), 1-32

This note describes some multidimensional scaling methods for two-way, one-mode tables and for three-way, two-mode tables. The methods are illustrated by an example processed by PROC MDS of SAS software.

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See detailPas vu, pas pris
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2003)

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See detailRezension zu Silke Schlichtmann: Geschlechterdifferenz in der Literaturrezeption um 1800? Zu zeitgenössischen Goethe-Lektüren
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Arbitrium: Zeitschrift fuer Rezensionen zur germanistischen Literaturwissenschaft (2003)

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See detailAssociation of milk traits with SSCP polymorphisms at the growth hormone gene in the serrana goat
Marques, P. X.; Pereira, M.; Marques, M. R. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2003), 50

The five exons and the 5' and 3'-untranslated regions (5'-UTR and 3'-UTR) of the oGH gene were screened for mutations using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) procedures in 523 Serra ... [more ▼]

The five exons and the 5' and 3'-untranslated regions (5'-UTR and 3'-UTR) of the oGH gene were screened for mutations using PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) procedures in 523 Serra da Estrela ewes and were found to be highly polymorphic. The region extending across and between the GH2-N and GH2-Z copies was sequenced allowing the design of primers for the specific PCR amplification of each copy. These were cloned and sequenced in 20 animals representative of all SSCP patterns. The corresponding genotypes were established for each copy following nucleotide sequencing of SSCP alleles. Twenty-four polymorphic sites were found at the GH2-N (or GH1) and fourteen at the GH2-Z copies. Eight amino acid substitutions were predicted at the GH2-N and six at the GH2-Z copies. Milk yield adjusted to 150 lactation days was analysed for the genotype of each oGH gene copy taken separately or together (associated genotypes) by restricted maximum likelihood (REML) through a univariate best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) animal model with repeated measures. Significant associations between genotypes and milk yield were observed. Within GH2-N genotypes there was a milk yield differential of 21.4+/-0.2 l/150 d between the most (N7) and the least (N5) productive ones. Within GH2-Z genotypes there was a differential of 21.6+/-0.2 l/150 d between the most (Z8) and the least (Z1) productive ones. The effect of associated GH2-N and GH2-Z genotypes revealed a differential of 39.6+/-0.3 l/150 d between the most (N1+Z7) and the least (N3+Z2) productive associated genotypes. The results show that GH2-N and GH2-Z genotypes significantly affect milk yield in Serra da Estrela ewes. Moreover, the apparent joint effect of GH2-N and GH2-Z genotype could improve milk yield in 25% as compared with the mean milk production of the analysed population. [less ▲]

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See detailShort-term effect on plasma and milk selenium and blood glutathion peroxydase oh feeding selenium-enriched haylage to Holstein-Friesian cows
de Behr, V.; Coenen, M.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of 7th Conference of the European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutrition (2003)

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See detailAdaptation of the Heilongjiang Province Institute of Meteorological Sciences “Crop Growth Dynamic Model” to the Belgian conditions.
Weinzaepflen, Emmanuelle; Ozer, Pierre ULg; Tychon, Bernard ULg

in Tychon, Bernard (Ed.) Belgian and Chinese Crop Growth Monitoring Systems: comparison, adaptation and improvement (2003)

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See detailChants populaires flamands (1879): A Scholarly Field Collection and an Early Individual Repertoire
Peere, Isabelle ULg

in McKean, Thomas A. (Ed.) The Flowering Thorn (2003)

This article introduces the study of the individual song repertoire of Lootens and Feys's collection entitled Chants populaires flamands (1879) by investigating the collectors' biography, the genesis of ... [more ▼]

This article introduces the study of the individual song repertoire of Lootens and Feys's collection entitled Chants populaires flamands (1879) by investigating the collectors' biography, the genesis of the collection, its publication and reception, the collectors' approach and the corpus' contents. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulations of tissue ingrowth and differentiation around a loaded titanium implant in a bone chamber
Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Vander Sloten, Jos et al

in Proceedings of the symposium on integrated systems in dental healthcare (2003)

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See detailHow do paedomorphic newts cope with lake drying?
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Ecography (2003), 26(4), 405-410

Paedomorphosis, in which adult individuals retain larval traits, is widespread in newts and salamanders. Most evolutionary models predict the maintenance of this life-history trait in favourable aquatic ... [more ▼]

Paedomorphosis, in which adult individuals retain larval traits, is widespread in newts and salamanders. Most evolutionary models predict the maintenance of this life-history trait in favourable aquatic habitats surrounded by hostile terrestrial environments. Nevertheless, numerous ponds inhabited by paedomorphic individuals are unpredictable and temporary. In an experimental framework, I showed that paedomorphic newts were able to metamorphose and thus survive in the absence of water. However, the mere decrease of water level or the life space do not seem to induce metamorphosis in paedomorphs. On the contrary, drying up induces almost all individuals to move on land and after that to colonize other aquatic sites located nearby. Such terrestrial migrations allow survival in drying conditions without metamorphosis as long as the distances of terrestrial migration are short. These results are consistent with the presence of paedomorphs in drying ponds and are in favor of classic optimality models predicting metamorphosis in unfavorable environments. [less ▲]

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See detailMédecins et vétérinaires célestes d’Ardenne
Donneau, Olivier ULg

in Guérisseurs d’hier et d’aujourd’hui (2003)

Short history of the evolution of the cults devoted to the healing saints in the Ardenne (Belgium).

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See detailA general method for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled or unlabeled nucleoside 5 '-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Nghiem, Hoang O; Wins, Pierre et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (2003), 322(2), 190-197

Several methods for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled and unlabeled nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) have been described. They often proved unsatisfactory because of ... [more ▼]

Several methods for the chemical synthesis of gamma-P-32-labeled and unlabeled nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) have been described. They often proved unsatisfactory because of low yield, requirement for anhydrous solvents, procedures involving several steps or insufficient specific radioactivity of the labeled triphosphate. In the method described here, all these drawbacks are avoided. The synthesis of [gamma-P-32]TbTP was carried out in one step, using 1,3-dicyclohexyl carbodiimide as condensing agent for thiamine diphosphate and phosphoric acid in a dimethyl sulfoxide/pyridine solvent mixture. Anhydrous solvents were not required and the yield reached 90%. After purification, [gamma-P-32]ThTP had a specific radioactivity of 11 Ci/mmol and was suitable for protein phosphorylation. The method can also be used for the synthesis Of [gamma-P-32]ATP of the desired specific radioactivity. It can easily be applied to the synthesis of unlabeled ThTP or ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates. In the latter case, inexpensive 5'-monophosphate precursors can be used as reactants in a 20-fold excess of phosphoric acid. Deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates were obtained in 6 h with a yield of at least 70%. After purification, the nucleotides were found to be suitable substrates for Taq polymerase during polymerase chain reaction cycling. Our method can easily be scaled up for industrial synthesis of a variety of labeled and unlabeled triphosphoric derivatives from their mono- or diphosphate precursors. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFattening of young bulls: comparaison of three breeds and two managements
Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Book of absracts of the 54th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2003)

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See detailAge, sex, and weight at weaning influence organ weight and gastrointestinal development of weanling pigs
Pluske, J. R.; Kerton, D. J.; Cranwell, P. D. et al

in Australian Journal of Agricultural Research (2003), 54(5), 515-527

The present study was designed to determine the interrelationships between sex, weaning age, and weaning weight on aspects of physiological and gastrointestinal development in pigs. Forty-eight Large ... [more ▼]

The present study was designed to determine the interrelationships between sex, weaning age, and weaning weight on aspects of physiological and gastrointestinal development in pigs. Forty-eight Large White x Landrace pigs were used in a factorial arrangement with the respective factors being: age at weaning ( 14 or 28 days), weight at weaning ( heavy or light), sex ( boar or gilt), and time after weaning ( 1, 7, and 14 days). At weaning, 48 pigs were removed from the sow; 16 pigs were then fasted for 24 h before euthanasia for determination of organ weights, gut histology, and enzymology, and 32 pigs were offered a high quality pelleted weaner diet ad libitum for subsequent assessment of organ weights, histology, and enzymology at 7 and 14 days after weaning. On Day 6 and 13 after weaning, 2 pigs from each group had their feed removed, and 24 h later were euthanased and similar measurements were taken. In general, the data highlighted the overall gastrointestinal underdevelopment of pigs weaned at 2 weeks of age and of pigs weaned light-for-age at either 2 or 4 weeks. Heavier body organs, gastrointestinal organs, and accessory digestive organs observed after weaning, except for the spleen, presumably reflected the increase in substrates available for cellular growth as feed intake increased after weaning, and the development of organs required to process this feed. Interestingly, the relative weights (% of liveweight) of the stomach and small intestine and, to a lesser extent, the caecum and colon, were greater in the light, 14-day-old weaned pigs, but these differences diminished with increasing time after weaning. Consistent effects due to age, weight, and sex were not observed for villous height and crypt depth, or for the specific activities of the brush-border and pancreatic enzymes measured. However, increases (P < 0.001) in the activities of maltase (P < 0.001), glucoamylase ( P < 0.001), and sucrase (P = 0.020) ( all expressed per gram of mucosa), and that of trypsin ( per gram of pancreas), occurred by 14 days after weaning. This most likely reflected the inducible nature of these enzymes in response to the increasing intake of substrates provided in the diet. In contrast, the specific activity of lactase declined (P = 0.012) in the first 14 days after weaning. These data suggest that pigs weaned at 2 weeks of age and pigs weaned light-for-age at either 2 or 4 weeks have a less developed gastrointestinal tract, and that its development after weaning might proceed differently to that of pigs weaned older and heavier. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de l'ouvrage de S. Dawans : Le spectre de la honte
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Archives de Philosophie (2003), 66(2), 340-342

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