References of "2003"
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See detailBehavioral characterization of acetaldehyde in C57BL/6J mice: Anxiolytic, amnesic and hedonic effects
Tambour, Sophie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (2003), 14(Suppl. 1), 68-69

It has been postulated that a number of central effects of ethanol are mediated through the action of its first metabolite, acetaldehyde. In particular, acetaldehyde might be involved in the anxiolytic ... [more ▼]

It has been postulated that a number of central effects of ethanol are mediated through the action of its first metabolite, acetaldehyde. In particular, acetaldehyde might be involved in the anxiolytic and hedonic effects of ethanol and is therefore believed to play an important role in alcohol abuse. In agreement with this assumption, previous studies indicated that acetaldehyde is mainly reinforcing in rats, which have been shown to readily self-administer acetaldehyde both peripherally and centrally. However, the hedonic effects of acetaldehyde have never been tested in mice, and the possible amnesic and anxiolytic effects of acetaldehyde remain to be elucidated. Therefore, the present studies were aimed at characterizing the anxiolytic, hedonic and amnesic effects of acetaldehyde after its acute peripheral administration to C57BL/6J mice. The effects of intraperitoneal acetaldehyde (0-300 mg/kg) injections were assessed in several classical behavioral tests. The anxiolytic effects were tested with the elevated plus maze, the hedonic effects with the place conditioning procedure and the amnesic effects with the passive avoidance apparatus. Our results show that acetaldehyde dose-dependently altered memory consolidation as evidenced by a reduced performance in the passive avoidance test when acetaldehyde was injected immediately after training at doses between 100 and 300 mg/kg. The elevated plus-maze showed that acetaldehyde, in contrast to ethanol, does not possess anxiolytic properties. Finally, the results of the place conditioning experiment confirmed that acetaldehyde displays significant hedonic properties. The present results add further support to the role of acetaldehyde in ethanol amnesic and hedonic effects but interestingly suggest that acetaldehyde is not involved in ethanol anxiolytic effects. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des techniques végétales pour la stabilisation des berges : suivi de chantiers réalisés dans différents types de rivières wallonnes.
Hallot, Eric ULg; Petit, François ULg; Verniers, G. et al

in Evaluer le milieu - Journées des géographes belges (2003)

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See detailIl conflitto sulla regolarizzazione dei sans-papiers in Belgio
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Kagné, Bonaventure

in Basso, Pietro; Perocco, Fabio (Eds.) Gli immigrati in Europa. Disegualianze, razzismo, lotte (2003)

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See detailLignes de vie
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in APCVL (Ed.) Lycéens au cinéma en Région Centre - 2003 (2003)

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See detailViolence(s) politique(s), terrorisme(s) et logique(s) démocratique(s)
Matagne, Geoffroy ULg

in Beaufays, Jean (Ed.) La démocratie après le 11 septembre (2003)

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See detailL'isolation thermique des façades à structure bois - Guide pratique pour les architectes
Simon, Francy; Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Baltus, Catherine et al

Book (2003)

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See detailGeorges Simenon. Un romancier pour aujourd'hui ?
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

Book published by Labor (2003)

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See detailChromomycose autochtone chez une patiente immunodéprimée.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Dethier, F.; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatologie Actualité (2003), 74

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See detailUse of atropine to inhibit vagally mediated baroreceptor reflex in horses undergoing dobutamine stress test
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2003), 446(5), 4

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See detailUrban use of VHR images on Bukavu (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Binard, Marc ULg; De Man, J.; Séba, G. et al

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop of the EARSeL Special Interest Group on Remote Sensing for Developing Countries, Bonn, Germany September 18-20, 2002. EARSeL: Paris, France. (2003)

The main purpose of this study was to show potential uses of very high resolution (VHR) image in an urban analysis of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As for many of the Third-World cities ... [more ▼]

The main purpose of this study was to show potential uses of very high resolution (VHR) image in an urban analysis of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo. As for many of the Third-World cities, Bukavu grew up during the last decades and available topographical information on Bukavu dates back to the middle of the twentieth century. This lack of updated information can be compensated by an appropriate use of VHR images. In this study, IKONOS image recorded on the 14th February 2001 was used. Image registration are highly dependant on accurate Digital Elevation Models (DEM), these last ones are also useful in urban analyses. The range between the minimum and maximum altitudes observed in the image was more than 500 meters. Furthermore, the viewing inclination angle is more than 28 degrees. In this case, orthorectification is mandatory for correcting relief displacements. Nevertheless, the lack of good Ground Control Points (GPS’s) on the old topographic maps and the failure to collect field verification data in Bukavu explains the remaining global 2D RMSE of 10 meters. For easier image interpretation, multispectral (4m) and panchromatic (1m) images were fused together by means of the LMVM algorithm. Depending on the object, the Computer Aided Photo Interpretation (CAPI) uses or does not use the near infrared information (true or false colour composite). For a more detailed interpretation about the city morphology we draped the 1m multispectral fused image over the 1m resolution DEM grid. The Built-up Area Index (BAI) computed on the urban mask obtained by CAPI and classification of the vegetation, was compared with the 1954 situation interpreted from topographic maps. The present city shows higher BAI values and in the same time the centre of the city has clearly shifted southward. Statistical analyses are also done on built-up versus slope data. The lack of good GCP’s and the use of DEM produced inaccurate orthorectification which was not adequate for topographical features extraction. Nevertheless the present extensions of Bukavu built-up areas are more than the double of those observed at the beginning of the last half century. New constructions are located on steeper slopes where landslides are frequents. More features could be extracted from the Ikonos image if good GPS measurements were made and if verification by the city authorities was possible. Some practical applications of this study could involve determining better location of new Bukavu extensions. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution of pressure distribution during apple compression tests measured with tactile sensors
Kleynen, Olivier; de la Cierva, Sonia; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Acta Horticulturae (2003), (604),

The paper analyses the ability of thin-film tactile sensors in providing information during static compression tests of ‘Jonagold’ apples (Malus pumila) of different ripeness stages. Such sensors are able ... [more ▼]

The paper analyses the ability of thin-film tactile sensors in providing information during static compression tests of ‘Jonagold’ apples (Malus pumila) of different ripeness stages. Such sensors are able to measure the contact surface and the interfacial pressure distribution during compression of fruits, this latter being characterised by suitable mathematical parameters. Results of compression tests between two flat steel plates are presented. The differentiated evolution of the pressure distribution according to the fruit maturity is pointed out. Ability of the sensor in evaluating the firmness is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAgregation study of the pyropheophorbide- a metyl ester in ethanol aqueous solution and liposomes
Delanaye, L.; Heyne, B.; Hoebeke, Maryse ULg

Conference (2003)

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See detailMonitoring sanitaire des ongulés sauvages
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailSynthesis of [18F]fluorinated a-methyl-a-amino acids by phase transfer catalysis for potential PET application.
Wouters, L.; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (2003), 46

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See detailNombres et jeux enfantins
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Enquêtes du Musée de la Vie Wallonne (2003), XX

Children learn to count at school and also by singing and playing traditional games. This paper goes through the traditional Walloon repertory and shows how it fits the childish rhythmics defined by ... [more ▼]

Children learn to count at school and also by singing and playing traditional games. This paper goes through the traditional Walloon repertory and shows how it fits the childish rhythmics defined by ethnomusicologist Constantin Brailoiu [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation génotypique de souches invasives aviaires d'Escherichia coli isolées en Belgique
Stordeur, P.; Beaupain, N.; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4, AUG-SEP), 275-280

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