References of "2003"
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See detailConceptual issues in 3D Urban GIS
Billen, Roland ULg; Zlatanova, Siyka

in GIM International (2003), 17(1), 33-35

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See detailSpeed of Sound Measurements of the Third Metacarpal Bone in Young Exercising Thoroughbred Racehorses
Carstanjen, B.; Lepage, O. M.; Hars, O. et al

in BONE (2003), 33

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See detailQuelle place accorder aux différentes dimensions de la discipline ? Questions et prise de position d’un géomorphologue
Petit, François ULg

in Quelle géographie enseigner demain à l'Université ? (2003)

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See detailDéverouiller le potentiel de l'eau en agriculture
Klohn, Wulf; Mollinga, Peter; Paranjape, K.J. Joy et Suhas et al

in Déverouiller le potentiel de l'eau en agriculture (2003)

A l’occasion du troisième Forum mondial de l’eau (WWF-3), qui se tient à Kyoto, au Japon, du 16 au 23 mars 2003, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) présente un ... [more ▼]

A l’occasion du troisième Forum mondial de l’eau (WWF-3), qui se tient à Kyoto, au Japon, du 16 au 23 mars 2003, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) présente un panorama des thèmes prioritaires que doivent aborder les responsables agricoles du monde entier en matière de mise en valeur des eaux en agriculture, et plus généralement de leurs répercussions sur la gestion des ressources en eau. La FAO a inscrit sa participation aux débats du WWF-3 de Kyoto sous le mot d’ordre «déverrouiller le potentiel de l’eau en agriculture». En effet, tous les renseignements statistiques confirment que l’agriculture est le secteur clé de la gestion de l’eau, pour le présent comme pour les décennies à venir. Pourtant, le secteur de la mise en valeur rurale des eaux se voit actuellement refuser un statut prioritaire dans les forums internationaux, par comparaison avec d’autres domaines concurrents. Il manque pour l’heure aux acteurs qui soutiennent ce secteur une stratégie valide et une présentation valorisante qui leur permettraient de maintenir l’attention sur ces questions. Des arguments nouveaux et puissants sont nécessaires pour remettre la mise en valeur rurale des eaux sur les rails. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of blood pepsinogen as a biomarker of the integrity of the porcine gastric mucosa. 2. Measurements of blood pepsinogen and its usefull in the detection of gastric diseases
Banga-Mboko, Henri; Godeau, Jean-Marie ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(2, APR-MAY), 95-104

Pepsinogen is one component of the gastric juice which participes in the digestion. This macromolecule enters the blood circulation in a small measurable quantities in healthy subjects. Therefore, blood ... [more ▼]

Pepsinogen is one component of the gastric juice which participes in the digestion. This macromolecule enters the blood circulation in a small measurable quantities in healthy subjects. Therefore, blood pepsinogen is claimed to be an indicator of the integrity of the gastric mucosa. This paper was written to review the use of porcine in the diagnostic of stomach ulcers and Hyostrongylus rubidus infection. The methods of measurement of blood pepsinogen and the diagnostic values are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes Export Controls Regimes could Contribute to Counter the Acquisition of WMD by Sub-national ?,
Michel, Quentin ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Sciences (2003)

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See detailStrontium ranelate phase 2 dose-ranging studies: PREVOS and STRATOS studies
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Meunier, P. J.

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(Suppl. 3), 56-65

The aim of the PREVOS study (PREVention Of early postmenopausal bone loss by Strontium ranelate) and the STRATOS study (STRontium Administration for Treatment of OSteoporosis) was to determine the minimum ... [more ▼]

The aim of the PREVOS study (PREVention Of early postmenopausal bone loss by Strontium ranelate) and the STRATOS study (STRontium Administration for Treatment of OSteoporosis) was to determine the minimum dose at which strontium ranelate (SR) is effective in, respectively, the prevention of bone loss in early postmenopausal nonosteoporotic women and the treatment of postmenopausal vertebral osteoporosis. Both studies were randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding studies in parallel groups and lasted 2 years. In the PREVOS study, 160 early postmenopausal women were randomized to receive placebo, SR 125 mg/day, 500 mg/day or 1 g/day. In the STRATOS study, 353 osteoporotic postmenopausal women with at least one previous vertebral fracture and a lumbar T-score < -2.4 were randomized to receive placebo, SR 500 mg/day, 1 g/day or 2 g/day. In both studies, the primary efficacy parameter was lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Secondary efficacy criteria included incidence of new vertebral deformities (in the STRATOS study only) and biochemical markers of bone metabolism. In the PREVOS study, the increase in lumbar BMD from baseline in the 1 g/day group (+ 5.53%) was significantly different from the decrease in the placebo group (p < 0.001). In the STRATOS study, the annual increase in lumbar BMD in the 2 g/day group (+7.3% per year) was significantly higher than in the placebo group (p<0.001). There was a significant reduction in the number of patients experiencing new vertebral deformities in the second year of treatment in the 2 g/day group (relative risk: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.35, 0.89). In both studies, there was a significant increase in the bone formation marker (bone alkaline phosphatase) in the higher-dose group. Urinary excretion of the marker of bone resorption (cross-linked N-telopeptide) was lower with SR than with placebo in the STRATOS study. SR was very well tolerated in both studies. The minimum dose at which SR is effective in preventing bone loss in early postmenopausal nonosteoporotic women and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis is 1 g/day and 2 g/day, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailHerpèsvirus des ruminants
Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Lefèvre, P. C.; Blancou, Jean; Chermette, R. (Eds.) Principales maladies infectieuses et parasitaires du bétail, Europe et régions chaudes, généralités, maladies virales (2003)

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See detailPrediction of technological and organoleptic properties of beef Longissimus thoracis from near-infrared reflectance and transmission spectra
Leroy, Bernadette ULg; Lambotte, S.; Dotreppe, Olivier ULg et al

in Meat Science (2003), 66(1), 45-54

Technological and organoleptic properties of beef cuts were predicted by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Spectra were collected on 189 beef Longissimus thoracis muscle samples using, transmission (NIRT ... [more ▼]

Technological and organoleptic properties of beef cuts were predicted by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Spectra were collected on 189 beef Longissimus thoracis muscle samples using, transmission (NIRT) and reflectance with a probe. Quality assessment and NIR recordings were performed on sliced loin after 2 and 8 days ageing. Partial least squares regression yielded determination coefficients of cross-validation (R-cv(2)) of 0.12-0.25 for the prediction of Warner-Bratzler Peak Shear Force in reflectance and 0.15-0.41 in transmission. Higher R-cv(2) were obtained for L* parameter (0.83-0.85), a* (0.39-0.49) and b* (0.73-0.75) with reflectance. Predictions of drip loss and cooking loss were less accurate with a R-cv(2) range of 0.38 to 0.54 and 0.25 to 0.47, respectively. The NIR spectra collected on fresh meat show good potential to predict CIE L* and b* parameters in reflectance mode. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLe complexe Chrysoperla carnea en Belgique (Neuroptera : Chrysopidae)
Bozsik, Andras; Mignon, Jacques ULg; Gaspar, Charles

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2003), 50

De 1997 à 2002, près de 4000 Chrysoperla carnea sensu lato furent collectées dans quinze localités de Belgique, principalement dans la ville de Gembloux (Province de Namur). Le fauchage de la végétation à ... [more ▼]

De 1997 à 2002, près de 4000 Chrysoperla carnea sensu lato furent collectées dans quinze localités de Belgique, principalement dans la ville de Gembloux (Province de Namur). Le fauchage de la végétation à l’aide d’un filet représente le principal mode d’échantillonnage. Les individus capturés furent identifiés sur base des descriptions de Thierry et al. (1992), Duelli (1995, 1999 communication personnelle), ainsi que par comparaison, soit avec différents types morphologiques (de D. Thierry), soit à des individus identifiés sur base de leurs chants (par P. Duelli). Chrysoperla kolthoffi sensu Cloupeau (Ch.c.c.4. ou « motorboat » sensu Henry) constitue le taxon le plus représenté dans les différentes localités. Chrysoperla carnea sensu Cloupeau (« low motorboat » sensu Henry) est également souvent rencontrée abondamment, principalement en automne. Seule Chrysoperla lucasina Lacroix est observée plus rarement chaque année et dans chaque lieu. La fréquence saisonnière de Ch. carnea s.C. est variable. Ainsi, elle est relativement faible en été et elle augmente progressivement au cours de l’automne. A cette période, les proportions de Ch. kolthoffi diminuent tandis que le taux de Ch. lucasina reste stable. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign and methodology of the phase 3 trials for the clinical development of strontium ranelate in the treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis
Meunier, P. J.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(Suppl. 3), 66-76

The phase 3 program for strontium ranelate, a new oral agent in the treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, was aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the daily oral dose of 2 g. This ... [more ▼]

The phase 3 program for strontium ranelate, a new oral agent in the treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, was aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the daily oral dose of 2 g. This program was conducted in 12 countries, involved 75 centers, and was structured in 3 studies: FIRST (Fracture International Run-in for Strontium ranelate Trial), SOTI (Spinal Osteoporosis Therapeutic Intervention study) and TROPOS (TReatment Of Peripheral OSteoporosis). FIRST, a run-in open study, was designed to start the normalization of the calcium and vitamin D status of the patients, check all entry criteria, and ensure inclusion of a sufficient number of well-motivated patients in either one of the two therapeutic intervention protocols, SOTI or TROPOS: FIRST included 9,196 patients. SOTI and TROPOS were prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trials comparing, in two parallel groups, the daily oral dose of 2 g of strontium ranelate with placebo, the patients of both groups receiving calcium and vitamin D according to their own deficiencies. The main objective of SOTI and TROPOS was to demonstrate a reduction in the incidence of postmenopausal women experiencing a new osteoporotic fracture (vertebral fracture in SOTI and nonvertebral fracture in TROPOS) over a 3-year treatment period, the total duration of the studies being 5 years. SOTI included 1,649 women with at least one osteoporotic vertebral fracture at inclusion and a lumbar BMD less than or equal to 0.840 g/cm(2). TROPOS included 5,091 women with a femoral neck BMD less than or equal to 0.600 g/cm(2). The phase 3 program for the clinical development of strontium ranelate in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis is a long-term program with the main statistical analysis after 3 years of treatment. Its aim is to demonstrate the effect of strontium ranelate on the axial and appendicular skeleton as well as its tolerability in osteoporotic patients with replete calcium and vitamin D stores. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerus clausus en fin de troisieme candidature en medecine: mort annoncee d'une heresie?
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Boniver, Jacques ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(7-8, Jul-Aug), 508-14

Owing to the establishment of a procedure aiming at a reduction of the medical supply (numerus clausus), the French Community of Belgium had decided to introduce, at the end of the third year of medical ... [more ▼]

Owing to the establishment of a procedure aiming at a reduction of the medical supply (numerus clausus), the French Community of Belgium had decided to introduce, at the end of the third year of medical studies (third candidature), a procedure of selective attribution of the certificate allowing for a unlimited medical practice. We assessed the predictive value of the results obtained during and at the end of the first candidature (first year of medicine) for the attribution of this certificate. We studied the results of the 225 students enrolled in the first candidature in medicine at the University of Liege during the academic year 1997-1998, and we correlated them to the subsequent attribution (1999-2000- and 2000-2001) of the certificate. The success of the first candidature in the first or second session is an important predicting factor towards the reception of the certificate. A non-authorization to continue the studies in medicine in case of failure in the first session or a non-authorization to repeat the first candidature in case of failure in the second session would have, respectively, a negative predictive value (NPV) of 91.9% and 97.4% and would allow to restream 111 students at the end of the first session or 39 students at the end of the first candidature. The results of the preliminary assessments mode during the month of January are also highly predictive of the chances to get the certificate. Among the 160 students who have not successfully passed a minimum of 3 exams, only 14 students obtained the certificate. The restreaming of those students would correspond to a NPV of 91.2%. Students who were not successful in a minimum of 2 exams would have less than 5% chance to obtain the certificate. In this case, 109 students would be restreamed (NPV = 95.4%). In conclusion, the selection of the students who will obtain, at the end of the third year of medicine, the certificate allowing them for an unlimited medical practice is obtained, in a large proportion, during the first candidature and especially after the session of January. In view of those results and considering the decree abolishing the selection at the end of the third year of medical studies, one could argue about the appropriateness of the current procedure, chosen by the French Community of Belgium, compared to other solutions prioritising an earlier selection of the future doctors. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des techniques végétales pour la stabilisation des berges : suivi de chantiers réalisés dans différents types de rivières wallonnes.
Hallot, Eric ULg; Petit, François ULg; Verniers, G. et al

in Evaluer le milieu - Journées des géographes belges (2003)

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See detailOptimisez votre maison
Guillemeau, Jean-Marc ULg; Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Wagelmans, Paul ULg

Book (2003)

A comfortable house, limited costs of heating and reduced CO2 emissions… Three opposite objectives? Nothing is less true! The thermal regulation in Walloon region indeed aims at reconciling them. The ... [more ▼]

A comfortable house, limited costs of heating and reduced CO2 emissions… Three opposite objectives? Nothing is less true! The thermal regulation in Walloon region indeed aims at reconciling them. The great principles in the middle of this regulation relate to the good orientation, the good insulation and the good ventilation of the dwelling as well as the choice of a system of adequate heating. This booklet explains these principles and invaluable councils into practice to put them at the moment design or restoration of your house gives you. [less ▲]

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See detailViolence(s) politique(s), terrorisme(s) et logique(s) démocratique(s)
Matagne, Geoffroy ULg

in Beaufays, Jean (Ed.) La démocratie après le 11 septembre (2003)

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See detailSalmonella contamination of pigs and pork in an integrated pig production system
Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Jacob, Benoit; Groven, Bénédicte et al

in Journal of Food Protection (2003), 66(7), 1126-1133

This paper describes the monitoring of Salmonella in a closed pig production system in Belgium over a 2-year period. A sampling scheme including animal feeds and carcasses was designed to cover the entire ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the monitoring of Salmonella in a closed pig production system in Belgium over a 2-year period. A sampling scheme including animal feeds and carcasses was designed to cover the entire chain of production from farrow to finishing pigs. Salmonella was detected by a method based on the use of semisolid Rappaport-Vassiliadis as a selective medium. The serotypes of the isolated strains were determined, and the antibiotic resistance of these strains to six antibiotics was also investigated. Feeds were found to be more contaminated than expected (10.2%, 34 of 332 samples). The percentage of positive fecal samples for pregnant sows (8.1%, 11 of 135 samples) was significantly higher than that for young and lactating sows (2.9%, 11 of 378 samples) (P<0.05). The percentage of positive samples for colon contents collected at the slaughterhouse (47.3%, 88 of 186 samples) was significantly higher than that for feces collected during the fattening stage (5.6%, 18 of 320 samples) (P<0.001). For carcass swab samples, the observed prevalence was 11.2% (17 of 152 samples). On farms, Salmonella recovery levels were higher for overshoe samples than for fecal samples, except for pregnant sows. Salmonella Typhimurium was the most frequently isolated serotype (32.2%, 55 of 171 samples), while Salmonella Brandenburg was predominant in the colon contents collected at the abattoir (21.4%, 18 of 84 samples). Feeds harbored a wide diversity of serotypes of minor epidemiological significance. Of 55 isolated strains of Salmonella Typhimurium, 11 (20%) were resistant to tetracycline, ampicillin, choramphenicol, streptomycin, trimethoprim, and nalidixic acid (R Type TeAmCSNa), while 12 (21.8%) were resistant to all of these antibiotics except nalidixic acid (R Type TeAmCS). The majority of Salmonella Typhimurium strains that exhibited resistance to more than four antimicrobial agents were characterized as Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 or as being closely related to Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 (7 of 12 isolates). In conclusion, our system of surveillance is effective in identifying most points of contamination in the production chain and will be useful in ongoing efforts to develop a Salmonella-free production system. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential valorization of the fine light fraction of automotive shredder residues (ASR)
Bareel, Pierre-François; Bastin, David ULg; Frenay, Jean ULg

in Proceedings of the International Symposium of Metals and Energy Recovery (2003)

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