References of "2002"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailLa Révision avant sa révision : réflexions sur une nouvelle formulation de l'article 195 de la Constitution belge
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Actualités du Droit (2002)

This article studies the current debate on whether a change of the amendment procedure of the Belgian Constution ought to be envisaged.

Detailed reference viewed: 184 (27 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLaat herstelrecht zich regelen? Wettelijke aanzetten binnen Europa
Lauwaert, Katrien ULg; Aertsen, Ivo

in Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht (2002), (4), 17-28

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychomotor retardation, spastic paraplegia, cerebellar ataxia and dyskinesia associated with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in cerebrospinal fluid: A novel neurometabolic condition responding to folinic acid substitution
Ramaekers, Vincent ULg; Häusler, M.; Opladen, T. et al

in Neuropediatrics (2002), 33(6), 301-308

Introduction: Normal brain development and function depend on the active transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. The folate receptor-1 (FR1) protein is localized at the basolateral surface of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Normal brain development and function depend on the active transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. The folate receptor-1 (FR1) protein is localized at the basolateral surface of the choroid plexus, which is characterized by a high binding affinity for circulating 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5- MTHF). Patients and Methods: We report on the clinical and metabolic findings among five children with normal neurodevelopmental progress during the first four to six months followed by the acquisition of a neurological condition which includes marked irritability, decelerating head growth, psychomotor retardation, cerebellar ataxia, dyskinesias (choreoathetosis, ballism), pyramidal signs in the lower limbs and occasional seizures. After the age of six years the two oldest patients also manifested a central visual disorder. Known disorders have been ruled out by extensive investigations. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis included determination of biogenic monoamines, pterins and 5-MTHF. Results: Despite normal folate levels in serum and red blood cells with normal homocysteine, analysis of CSF revealed a decline towards very low values for 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), which suggested disturbed transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. Genetic analysis of the FR1 gene revealed normal coding sequences. Oral treatment with doses of the stable compound folinic acid (0.5-1 mg/kg/day Leucovorin®) resulted in clinical amelioration and normalization of 5-MTHF values in CSF. Conclusion: Our findings identified a new condition manifesting after the age of 6 months which was accompanied by low 5-MTHF in cerebrospinal fluid and responded to oral supplements with folinic acid. However, the cause of disturbed folate transfer across the blood-brain barrier remains unknown. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Decouverte fortuite d'une fistule coronarienne
Gach, Olivier ULg; Legrand, Victor ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(12), 757-9

We report the case of a 54 year old man presenting atypical chest pain. The echocardiogram showed a dilatation of the coronary sinus. Subsequently the angiographic evaluation with cardiac catheterization ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a 54 year old man presenting atypical chest pain. The echocardiogram showed a dilatation of the coronary sinus. Subsequently the angiographic evaluation with cardiac catheterization demonstrated a coronary artery fistula between the circumflex artery and the coronary sinus and between a megaanevrysmal right coronary artery and the coronary sinus. No significant left to right shunt was discovered, however. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe FLES à l'aube d'une ère nouvelle ? Ebauche d'un bilan des formations en didactique du français langue étrangère et seconde en Communauté française
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Français 2000, Bulletin de la Société Belge des Professeurs de Français (2002), 181-182

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailVideo sequence analysis: motion detection and object tracking
Gabriel, Pierre F.; Verly, Jacques ULg; Genon, Alain

Conference (2002, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBiochemistry and comparative genomics of SxxK superfamily acyltransferases offer a clue to the mycobacterial paradox: Presence of penicillin-susceptible target proteins versus lack of efficiency of penicillin as therapeutic agent
Goffin, Colette ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Microbiology & Molecular Biology Reviews (2002), 66(4), 702-738

The bacterial acyltransferases of the SxxK superfamily vary enormously in sequence and function, with conservation of particular amino acid groups and all-alpha and alpha/beta folds. They occur as ... [more ▼]

The bacterial acyltransferases of the SxxK superfamily vary enormously in sequence and function, with conservation of particular amino acid groups and all-alpha and alpha/beta folds. They occur as independent entities (free-standing polypeptides) and as modules linked to other polypeptides (protein fusions). They can be classified into three groups. The group I SxxK D,D-acyltransferases are ubiquitous in the bacterial world. They invariably bear the motifs SxxK, SxN(D), and KT(S)G. Anchored in the plasma membrane with the bulk of the polypeptide chain exposed on the outer face of it, they are implicated in the synthesis of wall peptidoglycans of the most frequently encountered (4-->3) type. They are inactivated by penicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics acting as suicide carbonyl donors in the form of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). They are components of a morphogenetic apparatus which, as a whole, controls multiple parameters such as shape and size and allows the bacterial cells to enlarge and duplicate their particular pattern. Class A PBP fusions comprise a glycosyltransferase module fused to an SxxK acyltransferase of class A. Class B PBP fusions comprise a linker, i.e., protein recognition, module fused to an SxxK acyltransferase of class B. They ensure the remodeling of the (4-->3) peptidoglycans in a cell cycle-dependent manner. The free-standing PBPs hydrolyze D,D peptide bonds. The group II SxxK acyltransferases frequently have a partially modified bar code, but the SxxK motif is invariant. They react with penicillin in various ways and illustrate the great plasticity of the catalytic centers. The secreted free-standing PBPs, the serine beta-lactamases, and the penicillin sensors of several penicillin sensory transducers help the D,D-acyltransferases of group I escape penicillin action. The group III SxxK acyltransferases are indistinguishable from the PBP fusion proteins of group I in motifs and membrane topology, but they resist penicillin. They are referred to as Pen(r) protein fusions. Plausible hypotheses are put forward on the roles that the Pen(r) protein fusions, acting as L,D-acyltransferases, may play in the (3-->3) peptidoglycan-synthesizing molecular machines. Shifting the wall peptidoglycan from the (4-->3) type to the (3-->3) type could help Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae survive by making them penicillin resistant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 328 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCytokine production from sputum cells after allergenic challenge in IgE-mediated asthma
Bettiol, Jeanne; Sele, Jocelyne ULg; Henket, Monique ULg et al

in Allergy (2002), 57(12), 1145-1150

Background: Th2 cytokine production from airway cells is thought to govern the eosinophilic airways in ammation in allergic asthma. Induced sputum has become a widely used technique to assess airways in ... [more ▼]

Background: Th2 cytokine production from airway cells is thought to govern the eosinophilic airways in ammation in allergic asthma. Induced sputum has become a widely used technique to assess airways in ammation. Methods: By applying the technique of induced sputum to collect airways cells, we have assessed the spontaneous production of a set of cytokines, including interleukin-4, 6, 10, interferon-gamma and tumour necrosis factor-alpha 6 h after a bronchial allergenic hallenge with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dpt) in 12 sensitized asthmatics and compared the results obtained after inhalation of saline as control. A group of eight healthy non-allergic subjects was enrolled to control for any non-specific effect of Dpt. Cytokines were measured by a dynamic immunoassay during a 24-h sputum cell culture. Results: Allergen challenge in sensitized asthmatics caused an acute and a late bronchospasm together with a rise in sputum eosinophil counts. Afterwards allergen sputum cells from allergic asthmatics displayed a rise in their production of IL-4 (P < 0.01), IL-6 (P < 0.05) and IL- 10 (P < 0.05) when compared to saline. By this time sputum generation of IL- 4 in atopic asthmatics was greater than in healthy subjects (P < 0.001). Furthermore, in allergic asthmatics there was a strong correlation between the rise in interleukin-4 production from sputum cells and the rise in sputum eosinophils (r = 0.87, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Sputum cell culture is a useful model to assess cytokine production in allergic asthmatics who show a marked up-regulation of Th2 cytokines following acute allergen exposure. The rise in sputum eosinophil count following allergen challenge strongly correlates with the rise in IL-4 generation from sputum cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMotor and phosphene thresholds to transcranial magnetic stimuli: a reproducibility study
Fumal, Arnaud ULg; Bohotin, V.; Vandenheede, Michel et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2002), 102(4), 171-175

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: As repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is often applied on different days, it is of interest to know whether motor (MT) and phosphene (PT) thresholds are reproducible across time and whether the intensity determined on the first day can be used in subsequent sessions. METHODS: We studied MT and PT over 5 separate recordings in 10 healthy volunteers using a focal coil and a Magstim(Rapid stimulator. After the initial recording (session 1), the others (2 to 5) were performed respectively after 1 day, 7 days, 1 month and 4 months. RESULTS: Mean MT at rest were 65.30 +/- 5.54%, 65.7 +/- 7.18%, 60.4 +/- 4.27%, 61.8 +/- 4.34%, and 63 +/- 9.1% at sessions 1 to 5. Mean PT were 71.43 +/- 6.68%, 66.29 +/- 10.67%, 60.71 +/- 8.64%, 60.57 +/- 8.08%, and 68.71 +/- 15.48% at sessions 1 to 5. MT and PT were reproducible (ANOVA analysis), however, as shown by coefficients of variation, variability between the first 3 sessions exceeded 10% for MT in 3 subjects and in 4 subjects for PT. CONCLUSIONS: It seems preferable to determine thresholds and adapt output intensity of the stimulator at each rTMS session. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailBulletin de la Société Voltaire n°4
Tilkin, Françoise ULg

E-print/Working paper (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExploring the effect of action familiarity on SPTs recall performance in Alzheimer's disease
Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Moonen, Gustave ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology (2002), 24(8), 1057-1069

This study examined the performance of normal controls (NC) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients on free recall, semantic cued recall and object cued recall of both subject-performed tasks (SPTs) and ... [more ▼]

This study examined the performance of normal controls (NC) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients on free recall, semantic cued recall and object cued recall of both subject-performed tasks (SPTs) and verbal descriptions of actions, by controlling familiarity of actions associated to objects. The results showed that both groups performed better after SPT encoding than after verbal encoding. in all three types of recall. In addition, this SPT advantage was greater for AD patients than for NC in the object cued recall test, emphasizing AD patients' sensibility to the congruence of cues between encoding and retrieval conditions. Following verbal encoding. NC showed a better recall for less familiar actions than for highly familiar actions, whereas AD patients exhibited the opposite pattern. These results reflect that AD patients did not benefit from a distinctiveness effect at encoding for improving subsequent retrieval of verbal information, probably due to a reduced level of elaboration during encoding. However, there was no effect of action familiarity on recall performance by both groups following SPT encoding. These results suggest that memory for verbal actions and SPTs is governed by different principles. In addition. they demonstrate the robustness of the SPT effect in AD patients, who were able to improve memory performance in the SPT condition not only with highly familiar actions but also with less familiar actions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (1 ULg)
See detailLittérature et Louisiane - Racisme, sexe, violence et magouilles au Pays des Bayous , pt 3
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2002)

Kenneth ABEL - Ace ATKINS - John CONNOLLY - Robert CRAIS - Don J. DONALDSON - Anthony P. DUNBAR - Sophie DUNBAR - Jeff GULVIN - Barbara HAMBLY -Martin HEGWOOD - Greg ILES - Elmore LEONARD - David Lozell ... [more ▼]

Kenneth ABEL - Ace ATKINS - John CONNOLLY - Robert CRAIS - Don J. DONALDSON - Anthony P. DUNBAR - Sophie DUNBAR - Jeff GULVIN - Barbara HAMBLY -Martin HEGWOOD - Greg ILES - Elmore LEONARD - David Lozell MARTIN - Robert SKINNER - Julie SMITH - Penn WILLIAMSON - Daniel WOODRELL [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
See detailShemekia Copeland - Talking to Strangers
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailLivres de Photographies
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2002)

"Delta Land" by Maude Schuyler ( University Press of Mississippi , 1999) - "Sacred Space- Photographs from the Mississippi Delta" ( Univ. Press of MS,1993) - "Eudora Welty Photographs " (Univ. Press of MS ... [more ▼]

"Delta Land" by Maude Schuyler ( University Press of Mississippi , 1999) - "Sacred Space- Photographs from the Mississippi Delta" ( Univ. Press of MS,1993) - "Eudora Welty Photographs " (Univ. Press of MS, 1989) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailJohn P. "Bobo" JENKINS - recordings
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailIs it possible to obtain a coherent image of the texture of porous materials?
Noville, Francis; Gommes, Cédric ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

Poster (2002, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAsthénie et troubles visuels chez un peintre de 48 ans
Pirenne, Danièle ULg; Mairiaux, Philippe ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(12), 785-8

Tiredness is a common complaint which may have multiple causes, sometimes difficult to ascertain. As occupational activities can play a major role in the incidence of various diseases, failure to ... [more ▼]

Tiredness is a common complaint which may have multiple causes, sometimes difficult to ascertain. As occupational activities can play a major role in the incidence of various diseases, failure to investigate the patient's work history may hinder an adequate patient care. In the clinical case described hereafter, the patient symptoms could eventually be ascribed to a psycho-organic syndrome (POS) caused by the chronic exposure to organic solvents in the painting material used. This syndrome is non specific, evolves with time in an insidious manner, and, in its last stages, may cause non reversible brain damages. When facing non typical neurological symptoms in a working age adult, one has thus to consider the possibility of this diagnosis since the workers populations exposed to solvents are large in several occupations, and because the recent legal recognition in Belgium of this syndrome as an occupational disease does provide some interesting means for a better follow-up and protection of the patients concerned. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 105 (7 ULg)