References of "2002"
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See detailSynthetic, structural, magnetic, and Mossbauer spectral study of {Fe[HC(3,5-Me(2)pz)(3)](2)}I-2 and its spin-state crossover behavior
Reger, D. L.; Little, C. A.; Smith, M. D. et al

in European Journal Of Inorganic Chemistry (2002), (5), 1190-1197

The complex {Fe[HC(3,5-Me(2)pz)(3)](2)}I-2 (1) has been prepared from the reaction of FeI2 and HC(3,5-Me(2)pz)(3) (pz = pyrazolyl ring) in a 1:2 ratio. The complex is high-spin in both the solid state and ... [more ▼]

The complex {Fe[HC(3,5-Me(2)pz)(3)](2)}I-2 (1) has been prepared from the reaction of FeI2 and HC(3,5-Me(2)pz)(3) (pz = pyrazolyl ring) in a 1:2 ratio. The complex is high-spin in both the solid state and in solution at ambient temperature, In the solid state, magnetic susceptibility and Mossbauer spectral studies indicate that samples of the complex that have been crystallized and dried change completely from high-spin to low-spin upon cooling below 195 K, with a substantial two-step thermal hysteresis in the transition, The spin-crossover properties of I are sample dependent: powder samples do not change to low-spin at low temperatures. Two crystalline forms of I have been identified by X-ray crystallography, one form containing no solvent of crystallization and the other containing solvent, In both, there is only one iron site, with average Fe-N bond lengths of 2.18 and 2.17 Angstrom, values that confirm that the complex is high-spin. Single crystals of the nonsolvated form shatter at low temperatures whereas single crystals of the solvated form can be cooled to 110 K with no loss of crystallinity and remain fully high spin at this temperature, Crystallographic information: nonsolvated form is triclinic, P (1) over bar, a = 8,8062(2) Angstrom, b = 10.3549(2) Angstrom, c = 11.3549(2) Angstrom, a = 104.0768(10), beta = 110.2473(10)degrees, gamma = 92.6385(11)degrees, Z = 1; solvated form is monoclinic P2(1)/c, a 10.3214(5) Angstrom, b = 12.7753(7) Angstrom, c = 20.1995(11) Angstrom, alpha = 90degrees, beta = 97.5380(10)degrees, gamma = 90degrees, Z = 2. [less ▲]

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See detailReplicon typing of the F18 fimbriae encoding plasmids of enterotoxigenic and verotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains from porcine postweaning diarrhoea and oedema disease
Fekete, PZs; Gérardin, J.; Jacquemin, E. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2002), 85

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See detailOxidative stress status in top soccer players
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Bonjean, K.; Cayeux, C. et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (2002), 33(Suppl. 1), 249-249

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See detailFeedbacks Via Internet (FVI)
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg; Pirson, Marc ULg

Software (2002)

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See detailRéanimation cardiopulmonaire chez la femme enceinte
Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation (Le) (2002), 6

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See detailIncreased binding and defective migration across fibronectin of cycling hematopoietic progenitor cells.
Giet, Olivier ULg; Van Bockstaele, Dirk R; Di Stefano, Ivano et al

in Blood (2002), 99(6), 2023-31

Engraftment of hematopoietic progenitor cells has been shown to decrease during cell cycle transit. We studied cell cycle-associated changes in adhesion and migration of mitotically activated cord blood ... [more ▼]

Engraftment of hematopoietic progenitor cells has been shown to decrease during cell cycle transit. We studied cell cycle-associated changes in adhesion and migration of mitotically activated cord blood CD34+ cells. Migration toward medium conditioned by the stromal-derived factor-1-producing cell line MS-5 was studied in bovine serum albumin- and fibronectin (Fn)-coated transwells. Migration was reduced in cycling CD34+ cells and long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) compared with their noncycling counterparts across Fn but not across bovine serum albumin. Conversely, Fn binding was higher in cycling CD34+ cells and LTC-ICs compared with noncycling progenitor cells, while adhesion of both subsets to bovine serum albumin was undetectable. The contribution of alpha4 and alpha5 integrins in mediating adhesion and migration of activated CD34+ cells onto Fn was analyzed by neutralization experiments. While alpha4-mediated Fn binding decreased during G(2)/M, alpha5 integrin-mediated adhesion increased during transit from G(0)/G(1) to S and G(2)/M phases. As for migration, the contribution of alpha4 integrin was similar in all phases, whereas alpha5-directed migration was lower in G(2)/M compared with G(0)/G(1) and S phases. Defective migration of cycling CD34+ cells was not due to differences in alpha5 integrin expression. In conclusion, chemotaxis across Fn is less efficient in cycling progenitor cells in correlation with an increased Fn binding capacity. In addition, alpha4 and alpha5 integrin functions are independently modulated during cell cycle transit. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular characterization of a specific thiamine triphosphatase widely expressed in mammalian tissues
Lakaye, Bernard ULg; Makarchikov, Alexander F; Antunes, Adelio F et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2002), 277(16), 13771-13777

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found at low concentrations in most animal tissues, and recent data suggest that it may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of some proteins. In the mammalian ... [more ▼]

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found at low concentrations in most animal tissues, and recent data suggest that it may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of some proteins. In the mammalian brain, ThTP synthesis is rapid, but its steady-state concentration remains low, presumably because of rapid hydrolysis. In this report we purified a soluble thiamine triphosphatase (ThTPase; EC 3.6.1.28) from calf brain. The bovine ThTPase is a 24-kDa monomer, hydrolyzing ThTP with virtually absolute specificity. Partial sequence data obtained from the purified bovine enzyme by tandem mass spectrometry were used to search the GenBank(TM) data base. A significant identity was found with only one human sequence, the hypothetical 230-amino acid protein MGC2652. The coding regions from human and bovine brain mRNA were amplified by reverse transcription-PCR, cloned in Escherichia coli, and sequenced. The human open reading frame was expressed in E. coli as a GST fusion protein. Transformed bacteria had a high isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside-inducible ThTPase activity. The recombinant ThTPase had properties similar to those of human brain ThTPase, and it was specific for ThTP. The mRNA was expressed in most human tissues but at relatively low levels. This is the first report of a molecular characterization of a specific ThTPase. [less ▲]

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See detailOxygen Fluxes, Redox Processes and the Suboxic Zone in the Black Sea
Konovalov, S.; Murray, J.; Luther, G. et al

in International conference. Oceanography of the eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea. Similarities and differences of two interconnected basins, Zappeion international conference Centre (2002)

We use the results of numerical modeling, calibrated and verified againsthistorical data from 1960 to 1995 and the most recent data from the 2001 Knorr cruise,to investigate the redox budget of the Black ... [more ▼]

We use the results of numerical modeling, calibrated and verified againsthistorical data from 1960 to 1995 and the most recent data from the 2001 Knorr cruise,to investigate the redox budget of the Black Sea water column and the main processesgoverning this budget. The results can be summarized as follows: (1) Injection of Mediterranean water, through the Bosporus, into the Black Sea results in intrusions of oxygen in the suboxic and anoxic layers; (2) The intensity of ventilation of the CIL andthe export production of organic matter are the primary control on interannualvariations in the thickness of the suboxic zone; (3) The lateral influx of oxygen resultsin oxidation of sulfide inside the anoxic zone. Almost 70% of the total vertical flux of sulfide is oxidized by this oxygen, mainly through redox Mn(II) – Mn(III,IV) cycling;(4) Nitrate seams to be responsible for oxidation of dissolved Mn(II) in the suboxiczone and Mn(III,IV) hydroxides, the end-products of this oxidation, sink and oxidizeabout 25% of the total flux of sulfide; (5) The vertical flux of oxygen at the onset of sulfide may account for consumption of a small fraction (less than 1%) of the total fluxof sulfide; (6) The lateral flux of oxygen also appears to be the main reason for the presence of the suboxic layer. [less ▲]

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See detailThe potential of the beta-Microprobe, an intracerebral radiosensitive probe, to monitor the [(18)F]MPPF binding in the rat dorsal raphe nucleus.
Zimmer, L.; Pain, F.; Mauger, G. et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2002), 29(9), 1237-47

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of a recently developed beta(+)-range sensitive intracerebral probe (beta-Microprobe) to measure the binding kinetics of [(18)F]MPPF, a well-documented ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of a recently developed beta(+)-range sensitive intracerebral probe (beta-Microprobe) to measure the binding kinetics of [(18)F]MPPF, a well-documented 5-HT(1A) serotoninergic receptor ligand, in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) of the anaesthetised rat. This midbrain nucleus presents a high concentration of 5-HT(1A) receptors known to be implicated in the effects of antidepressants. The difficulty confronting this study lay in the fact that the dimensions of the DRN are smaller than the detection volume of the beta-Microprobe. In the first part of the study, we studied the feasibility of this measurement from a theoretical point of view by autoradiography and a Monte Carlo simulation. We determined the optimal beta-Microprobe location close to the DRN and verified that this configuration allowed accurate determination of [(18)F]MPPF specific binding in the nucleus. In the second part of our study, we measured the in vivo time-concentration curves of [(18)F]MPPF binding in the DRN in comparison with the cerebellum. The specificity of [(18)F]MPPF binding in the DRN was confirmed by its displacement after non-labelled 5-HT(1A)antagonist injection (MPPF or WAY-100635). Moreover, we verified the feasibility of using beta-Microprobe monitoring and simultaneous validation by microdialysis to study the effect of an increase in extracellular serotonin, induced by fenfluramine injection, on [(18)F]MPPF binding in the DRN. Our theoretical simulations, confirmed by our experimental results, demonstrate the ability of this new device to monitor in vivo the binding of [(18)F]MPPF in the DRN of anaesthetised rodents. [less ▲]

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See detailMPEG: Standards for Digital Video MPEG Activities in Belgium
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Revue HF (2002), 2

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See detailA. Gacek: The Arabic manuscript tradition: A glossary of technical terms and bibliography
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Journal of the American Oriental Society (2002), 122(3), 658-659

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See detailCommented bibliography on Belgium
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Dubois-Taine, G. (Ed.) Outskirts of European cities – state of the art report (2002)

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See detailAn Overview of Paul Smeyers' Career
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Bedding, Timothy R; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen

in Aerts, Conny (Ed.) Radial and nonradial pulsations as probes of stellar physics : IAU 185th coloquium (2002)

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See detailPhylogeny of the genus Apodemus with a special emphasis on the subgenus Sylvaemus using the nuclear IRBP gene and two mitochondrial markers: cytochrome b and 12S rRNA.
Michaux, Johan ULg; Chevret, P.; Filippucci, M*-G et al

in Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution (2002), 23(2), 123-36

Phylogenetic relationships among 17 extant species of Murinae, with special reference to the genus Apodemus, were investigated using sequence data from the nuclear protein-coding gene IRBP (15 species ... [more ▼]

Phylogenetic relationships among 17 extant species of Murinae, with special reference to the genus Apodemus, were investigated using sequence data from the nuclear protein-coding gene IRBP (15 species) and the two mitochondrial genes cytochrome b and 12S rRNA (17 species). The analysis of the three genes does not resolve the relationships between Mus, Apodemus, and Rattus but separates Micromys from these three genera. The analysis of the two mitochondrial regions supported an association between Apodemus and Tokudaia and indicated that these two genera are more closely related to Mus than to Rattus or Micromys. Within Apodemus, the mitochondrial data sets indicated that 8 of the 9 species analyzed can be sorted into two main groups: an Apodemus group, with A. agrarius, semotus, and peninsulae, and a Sylvaemus group, with uralensis, flavicollis, alpicola, sylvaticus, and hermonensis. The position of Apodemus mystacinus is ambiguous and might be either included in Sylvaemus or considered a distinct subgenus, Karstomys, more closely related to Sylvaemus than to Apodemus. Estimation of the divergence time for these taxa suggests a separation between 7 and 8 My ago for the three groups (mystacinus and the two subgenera Apodemus and Sylvaemus). Within each subgenus, divergence times are between 5.4 and 6 My for Apodemus and between 2.2 and 3.5 My for Sylvaemus and mystacinus. [less ▲]

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See detailWeight loss does not influence energy expenditure or leucine metabolism in obese cats
Nguyen, Patrick; Dumon, Henri; Martin, Lucile et al

in Journal of Nutrition (2002), 132(6, Suppl. 2), 1649-1651

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