References of "2002"
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See detailQuelques Névroptères d’un site de la région liégeoise (ru de Targnon, Theux, Belgique)
Mignon, Jacques ULg

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2002), 47

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See detailA multistage field test of wheelchair users for evaluation of fitness and prediction of peak oxygen consumption
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Francaux, M.; Colinet, Cédrik et al

in Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (2002), 39(6, Nov-Dec), 685-692

An incremental multistage field test (MFT) for wheelchair users was developed to evaluate physical fitness and predict peak oxygen consumption (VO2). Using auditory feedback, the participants (n = 37 ... [more ▼]

An incremental multistage field test (MFT) for wheelchair users was developed to evaluate physical fitness and predict peak oxygen consumption (VO2). Using auditory feedback, the participants (n = 37) were directed to wheel around an octagonal course, increasing their velocity every minute until exhaustion. Wheelchair velocity and metabolic parameters were recorded with the use of a speedometer and a portable spirometer system. The average number of exercise levels performed (MFT score) was 9.17 +/- 5.81, resulting in a peak heart rate (HR) of 99.0 +/- 13.9% of the theoretical maximum. A test-retest analysis (n = 10) showed that the MFT was reliable regarding MFT score, peak VO2, and peak HR reached. Stepwise multiple regression based on individual, wheelchair, propulsion technique, and physiological parameters revealed that the MFT score was the best and only predictor of peak VO2 (mL/min/kg) (= 18.03 + 0.78 MFT score, r(2) = 0.59). The MFT assesses wheelchair mobility and estimates peak VO2 encountered during the test. [less ▲]

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See detailPseudomonas aeruginosa displays an epidemic population structure.
Pirnay, Jean-Paul; De Vos, Daniel; Cochez, Christel et al

in Environmental microbiology (2002), 4(12), 898-911

Bacteria can have population structures ranging from the fully sexual to the highly clonal. Despite numerous studies, the population structure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is still somewhat contentious. We ... [more ▼]

Bacteria can have population structures ranging from the fully sexual to the highly clonal. Despite numerous studies, the population structure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is still somewhat contentious. We used a polyphasic approach in order to shed new light on this issue. A data set consisting of three outer membrane (lipo)protein gene sequences (oprI, oprL and oprD), a DNA-based fingerprint (amplified fragment length polymorphism), serotype and pyoverdine type of 73 P. aeruginosa clinical and environmental isolates, collected across the world, was analysed using biological data analysis software. We observed a clear mosaicism in the results, non-congruence between results of different typing methods and a microscale mosaic structure in the oprD gene. Hence, in this network, we also observed some clonal complexes characterized by an almost identical data set. The most recent clones exhibited serotypes O1, 6, 11 and 12. No obvious correlation was observed between these dominant clones and habitat or, with the exception of some recent clones, geographical origin. Our results are consistent with, and even clarify, some seemingly contradictory results in earlier epidemiological studies. Therefore, we suggest an epidemic population structure for P. aeruginosa, comparable with that of Neisseria meningitidis, a superficially clonal structure with frequent recombinations, in which occasionally highly successful epidemic clones arise. [less ▲]

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See detailLa recherche scientifique en Hautes-Fagnes
Streel, Maurice ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Sciences (2002), XIII(1-6), 55-65

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See detailL'exclusion de la réassurance des règles européennes de conflits de juridictions en matière de contrats d'assurance
Boularbah, Hakim ULg

in Bulletin des Assurances = Tijdschrift voor Verzekeringen (2002)

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See detail18F-fluoro-L-tyrosine : a potential tracer for whole-body tumor imaging with PET.
HUSTINX, Roland ULg; LEMAIRE, C.; JERUSALEM, Guy ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2002), 43

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See detailEarly pregnancy diagnosis in sheep by progesterone and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein tests.
Karen, A.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Sulon, J. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(1), 8

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See detailLes transports en commun ne sont plus très sûrs : un autre regard sur la sécurité
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2002), 27

L'article utilise conjointement des exemples vécus et une enquête pour montrer, à partir du cas des transports en commun, à quel point la notion d'insécurité peut se construire socialement : un même ... [more ▼]

L'article utilise conjointement des exemples vécus et une enquête pour montrer, à partir du cas des transports en commun, à quel point la notion d'insécurité peut se construire socialement : un même contexte apparaîtra ainsi comme sécurisant ou insécurisant en fonction des interprétations et réactions des acteurs. L'article conclut en se demandant si une réponse ostentatoire mais symbolique à la possibilité d'événements insécurisants ne produit finalement pas plus d'insécurité encore. Ce qui demanderait un "changement de logiciel" dans certaines politiques publiques destinées à lutter contre l'insécurité. [less ▲]

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See detailEinsatz der quantitativen Ultrasonometrie in der Knochendiagnostik beim Pferd
Carstanjen, B; Lepage, OM; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

Poster (2002)

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See detailLes racines de l'arc-en-ciel
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2002), 26

L'article explore les fondements idéologiques qui ont présidé à la construction de la coalition libérale-socialiste-écologiste qui a dirigé la Belgique de 1999 à 2003. Si les écologistes se sont imposés ... [more ▼]

L'article explore les fondements idéologiques qui ont présidé à la construction de la coalition libérale-socialiste-écologiste qui a dirigé la Belgique de 1999 à 2003. Si les écologistes se sont imposés in extremis à la faveur de la crise de la dioxine en 1999, cela faisait un certain temps qu'un accord entre socialistes et libéraux pour mettre les partis chrétiens dans l'opposition était "dans l'air" : il s'agissait d'en finir avec un certain nombre de "verrous moraux" venus du monde catholique (notamment autour des valeurs familiales), qui apparaissaient de moins en moins en phase avec l'opinion publique. Cette mise à l'arrière-plan du clivage gauche/droite au profit du clivage laïque/clérical a sans doute bousculé plus durablement que prévu le paysage idéologique. [less ▲]

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See detailProcédures et gestion budgétaires au niveau des collectivités locales
Husson, Jean-François ULg

Report (2002)

Budgeting is not only a technical process but also a highly political one because technique and discretionary judgement are intertwined, and different actors have different interests. Budgetary procedures ... [more ▼]

Budgeting is not only a technical process but also a highly political one because technique and discretionary judgement are intertwined, and different actors have different interests. Budgetary procedures can and should help to reduce various types of information imbalance and help local authorities to deliver services more effectively. This study highlights certain sensitive areas in the budgeting process, analyses the solutions tried by the different Council of Europe member states and identifies practices that seem particulary worthwhile. It suggest finally conclusions and guidelines for central governments and for local and regional authorities. [less ▲]

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See detailDu Fantastique réel au réalisme magique
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2002), (21),

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See detailEvaluation de l'exactitude du capteur de glucose CGMS chez des patients hospitalisés
RADERMECKER, Régis ULg; Djakouré, C.; Reach, G. et al

in Diabète & Métabolisme (2002), 28

Evaluation d'un capteur de glucose

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See detailEuclidean and fractal computer-assisted corneofungimetry: a comparison of 2% ketoconazole and 1% terbinafine topical formulations.
Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Fogouang, L.; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2002), 204(3), 222-7

BACKGROUND: The corneofungimetry bioassay was designed as a unique model predicting the efficacy of topical and oral antifungals in dermatomycoses. OBJECTIVE: In this 2-step study performed in two groups ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The corneofungimetry bioassay was designed as a unique model predicting the efficacy of topical and oral antifungals in dermatomycoses. OBJECTIVE: In this 2-step study performed in two groups of 15 volunteers, corneofungimetry was used to compare the effect of 5-day b.i.d. treatments with 2% ketoconazole and 1% terbinafine creams. METHODS: The bioassay was performed using 10 isolates of each of the 3 fungi Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale and Candida albicans put to grow on human stratum corneum. Controls were stratum corneum either untreated or enriched in propylene glycol contained in an unmedicated vehicle. Quantitative assessments were made using both Euclidean and fractal geometry parameters. RESULTS: In comparison with untreated stratum corneum, the fungitoxic activity of the 2% ketoconazole and 1% terbinafine formulations was obvious and similar against dermatophytes. By contrast, 2% ketoconazole was significantly more active against C. albicans than 1% terbinafine. The propylene-glycol-containing vehicle did not exhibit a significant effect upon the dermatophyte growth. Positive linear correlations were yielded between the extent area and the fractal dimension D of dermatophyte mycelia. By contrast, D appeared unrelated to the relative area of dermatophyte growth compared to controls. CONCLUSION: The combination of Euclidean and fractal analyses improves the information provided by the corneofungimetry bioassay. Creams containing 2% ketoconazole and 1% terbinafine appear equally effective against dermatophytes while the former is more potent against Candida albicans. [less ▲]

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See detailSnowball Earth and basaltic traps
Godderis, Y.; Nedelec, A.; Donnadieu, Y. et al

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2002), 66(15A), 281-281

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See detailExercise-induced pulmonary perfusion redistribution in heaves
Harmegnies, N. F.; Duvivier, D. H.; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2002), 34(suppl), 478-484

This study aimed to compare exercise-induced pulmonary perfusion redistribution in healthy vs. 'heavey' horses using scintigraphy, a minimally invasive technique. Six healthy (A) and 5 'heavey' horses in ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to compare exercise-induced pulmonary perfusion redistribution in healthy vs. 'heavey' horses using scintigraphy, a minimally invasive technique. Six healthy (A) and 5 'heavey' horses in remission (B(I)) and during clinical signs of disease (B(II)) were investigated. Dimensions of the exercising pulmonary perfusion (QE) images were expressed in percent of the resting perfusion (QR) images. Computed QE to QR ratios (QE/QR) images enabled the definition of the region more perfused at exercise than at rest (R1). In all groups, exercise induced a major enlargement of the Q image but a larger increase of the lung height was found in 'heavey' horses. Compared to A, 'heavey' horses showed a larger R1 region with a significantly higher QE/QR. Location of R1 pointed out the dorsal lung region as a major site of pulmonary perfusion redistribution for all groups. This work demonstrated (1) the feasibility of using scintigraphy for studying exercise-induced pulmonary perfusion redistribution; (2) perfusion redistribution to the dorsal lung with exercise and (3) an intensified redistribution in 'heavey' horses, either clinically affected or not. [less ▲]

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See detailRelaxant effect of K+ATP channel openers on the uterine smooth muscle: pharmacological in vitro models
De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Boverie, S.; Dewalque, Daniel ULg et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2002)

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See detailEffect of omp10 or omp19 deletion on Brucella abortus outer membrane properties and virulence in mice.
Tibor, Anne; Wansard, Valerie; Bielartz, Valery et al

in Infection and Immunity (2002), 70(10), 5540-6

The distinctive properties of Brucella outer membrane have been considered to be critical for Brucella sp. virulence. Among the outer membrane molecules possibly related to these properties, Omp10 and ... [more ▼]

The distinctive properties of Brucella outer membrane have been considered to be critical for Brucella sp. virulence. Among the outer membrane molecules possibly related to these properties, Omp10 and Omp19 are immunoreactive outer membrane lipoproteins. Moreover, these proteins of Brucella could constitute a new family of outer membrane proteins specifically encountered in the family RHIZOBIACEAE: We evaluated the impact of omp10 or omp19 deletion on Brucella abortus outer membrane properties and virulence in mice. The omp10 mutant was dramatically attenuated for survival in mice and was defective for growth in minimal medium but was not impaired in intracellular growth in vitro, nor does it display clear modification of the outer membrane properties. Significantly fewer brucellae were recovered from the spleens of mice infected with the omp19 mutant than from those of mice infected with the parent strain at 4 and 8 weeks postinfection. The omp19 mutant exhibited an increase in sensitivity to the polycation polymyxin B and to sodium deoxycholate. These results indicate that inactivation of the omp19 gene alters the outer membrane properties of B. abortus. [less ▲]

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