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See detailSelf-adapting time integration management in crash-worthiness and sheet metal forming computations
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Vehicle Design (2002), 30(1-2), 67-114

Variable step strategies are especially well suited to deal with problems characterized by high non-linearity and contact/impact, and resolved with an implicit scheme. Both phenomena are typical of ... [more ▼]

Variable step strategies are especially well suited to deal with problems characterized by high non-linearity and contact/impact, and resolved with an implicit scheme. Both phenomena are typical of dynamic simulations of contact-impact problems, as well as sheet metal forming. Constant step size strategies do not give a satisfactory answer for this kind of problem, since it is very difficult, if not impossible, for the user to find an appropriate time step that does not lead to divergence nor generate extremely costly computations. An automatic time stepping algorithm is proposed, which takes into account the recent history of accelerations in the deformable bodies under consideration. More precisely, the adaptation algorithm is based on estimators of the integration error of the differential dynamic balance equations. This allows for adaptation of the step size to capture correctly the transient phenomena, with characteristic times which can range from relatively long (after contact, or during sheet metal forming) to very short (during contact-impact). thus ensuring precision while keeping the computation cost to a minimum. Furthermore, we will see that this strategy can be used in explicit schemes. Additionally, the proposed algorithm automatically takes decisions regarding the necessity of updating the tangent matrix or stopping the iterations, further reducing the computational costs especially, when the Augmented Lagrangian method is used. As an illustration of the capabilities of this algorithm, several numerical simulations (shock absorber devices for vehicle crash-worthiness or sheet metal forming) problems will be presented. Other simulations pertaining to the sheet metal forming for vehicle structures will also be investigated, thus demonstrating the versatility, the capabilities and the efficiency of the proposed strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Hepatite cholestatique apres administration de piperacilline.
Dietze, M. A.; Martin, Pierre ULg; Schaaf-Lafontaine, Nicole ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(9), 571-4

We describe a patient suffering from infection of the upper respiratory tract, who was treated with a dose of 4 x 4 g of piperacillin over 10 days. Two days after the end of the treatment, she developed ... [more ▼]

We describe a patient suffering from infection of the upper respiratory tract, who was treated with a dose of 4 x 4 g of piperacillin over 10 days. Two days after the end of the treatment, she developed jaundice and had elevated alkaline phosphatase, gammaglutamyltransferase and transaminases. After exclusion of viral hepatitis, a vascular problem, and gall stone disease, the possibility of piperacillin-induced hepatitis was discussed. Lymphocyte transformation test for piperacillin was positive, suggesting an immunological mechanism for the observed hepatopathy. The patient was discharged a few days after in good clinical condition and with reduced liver values. Cholestasis gradually decreased but was detectable for several weeks. The patient had a full clinical and biochemical recovery after 2 months. We conclude that short-term therapy with piperacillin can lead to the same type of hepatopathy as described for amoxycillin/clavulanic acid or antistaphylococcal penicillins. Positive lymphocyte transformation is compatible with an immunological mechanism. [less ▲]

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See detailPain relief is not a confounder in joint space narrowing assessment of full extension knee radiographs
Pavelka, K.; Rovati, L. C.; Gatterova, J. et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2002), 10(SA), 16-17

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See detailIn situ nick translation at the electron microscopic level
Thiry, Marc ULg

in Didenko, V V (Ed.) Methods in molecular biology. In situ detection of DNA damage: methods and protocols (2002)

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See detailA Note on Painting in The Moor's Last Sigh
Maes-Jelinek, Hena ULg

in Collier, Gordon; Schulze-Engler, Frank (Eds.) Crabtracks: Progress and Process in Teaching the New Literatures in English (2002)

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See detailPrincipes généraux de la prothèse implantaire
Van Heusden, Alain ULg

Scientific conference (2002)

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See detailComptines de dentellières brugeoises (1730-1850): entre travail, école et jeu, colère et prière
Peere, Isabelle ULg

in Barna, Gabor, Kriza, Ildiko (Ed.) Folk Ballads, Ethics, Moral Issues (2002)

An investigation of the song corpus of Lootens and Feys's Chants populaires flamands, a published collection of Flemish popular songs transcribed from the lips of a middle-class lady born in Bruges in ... [more ▼]

An investigation of the song corpus of Lootens and Feys's Chants populaires flamands, a published collection of Flemish popular songs transcribed from the lips of a middle-class lady born in Bruges in 1795. [less ▲]

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See detailContrôle de l'hypertension artérielle: peut-on faire mieux?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal de Cardiologie [= JDC] = Tijdschrift voor Cardiologie [= TVC] (2002), 14(5), 180-181

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See detailMass transfer by free and forced convection from single spherical liquid drops
Waheed, M Adekojo; Henschke, Martin; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

in International Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer (2002), 45(22), 4507-4514

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See detailAre all glitazones the same?
Van Gaal, Luc; Scheen, André ULg

in Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Reviews (2002), 18 Suppl 2

This supplement focuses on the benefits of targeting insulin resistance through therapy with a new class of oral antidiabetic agents, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) or 'glitazones'. There are important ... [more ▼]

This supplement focuses on the benefits of targeting insulin resistance through therapy with a new class of oral antidiabetic agents, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) or 'glitazones'. There are important differences between the three TZD class members that warrant discussion to enable physicians to make rational and informed therapeutic choices between the agents. Overall the TZDs appear to be similar in their effects on blood glucose, as all class members have demonstrated effective glycaemic control, both as monotherapy and in combination with sulphonylureas, metformin or exogenous insulin. The safety profiles of the three agents are more diverse, with what appear to be 'TZD class effects', (probably mediated via activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma [PPAR gamma]) and 'TZD-specific effects', which are unique to each agent and may be a consequence of differing chemical structures. While rosiglitazone and pioglitazone share some class effects with troglitazone, they have several characteristics that define them as unique agents. By tackling the control of type 2 diabetes through direct effects on insulin resistance, the TZDs represent an important new therapeutic tool for healthcare professionals. [less ▲]

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See detailProjet FIRST Europe Ojectif 1 (OLIPOL-Synthèse de nouveaux (co-polymères d'origine végétale par voir catalytique) Rapport I
Richel, Aurore ULg

Report (2002)

Le principal objectif visé par le présent travail est de mettre au point des catayseurs efficaces, capables de polymériser par voir radicalaire contrôlée des oléfines internes (peu réactionnelles) et ... [more ▼]

Le principal objectif visé par le présent travail est de mettre au point des catayseurs efficaces, capables de polymériser par voir radicalaire contrôlée des oléfines internes (peu réactionnelles) et, plus particulièrement, l'huile de lin.Nous tenterons aussi d'aborder la copolymérisation de l'huile de lin avec des monomères de grande consommation (styrène et (méth)acrylates) afin de mettre au point, au départ d'un produit naturel et renouvelable, des matériaux nouveaux. L'huile de lin est constituée d'un mélange complexe de triglycérides dont les chaînes pendantes sont porteuses de 2 ou 3 liaisons C=C doubles. Face à la diversité et à la complexité structurale de ces molécules, il nous parait évident d'aborder le problème de manière plus systématique en nous basant sur l'étude de la polymérisation d'oléfines internes et/ou fonctionnalisées qui serviront de "modèles" pour celles rencontrées dans l'huile de lin. Nous sommes en effet convaincus que la réussite de ce projet passe avant tout par une bonne compréhension des facteurs qui gouvernent la réactivité des oléfines internes et fonctionnalisées. [less ▲]

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See detailComputer simulation of liquid semiconductors
Bichara, C.; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg; Raty, Jean-Yves ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2002), 312

We discuss two examples of computer simulation of liquid semiconductors by two different techniques. Both examples are concerned with the relationship between thermodynamic properties and the atomic ... [more ▼]

We discuss two examples of computer simulation of liquid semiconductors by two different techniques. Both examples are concerned with the relationship between thermodynamic properties and the atomic structure in the liquid state. By means of ab initio molecular dynamics we analyze the atomic structure of liquid Ge15Te85 eutectic alloys. We show that the changes observed in the experimental total structure factor S(q) are located in the GeTe partial structure factor, the TeTe partial structure factor remaining essentially unaltered. Using a semi-empirical tight binding approach, coupled with Gibbs ensemble and constant pressure Monte Carlo calculations, we can calculate the liquid vapor equilibrium of selenium. We obtain a liquid-vapor equilibrium curve and a critical point in the correct range of magnitude and an atomic structure of the liquid phase in good agreement with the experimental data. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBulletin bibliographique de la Société Rencesvals, 2001-2002
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Bulletin bibliographique de la Société Rencesvals (2002), (33), 1-179

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See detailRate coefficient determination in charge transfer reactions
Vaeck, Nathalie; Baloïtcha, Ezinvy; Desouter, Michèle ULg et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2002), 3

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See detailEffect of deep digital flexor tendon orientation on magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity in isolated equine limbs - The magic angle effect
Busoni, Valeria ULg; Snaps, Frédéric ULg

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (2002), 43(5, Sep-Oct), 428-430

Ten normal equine isolated limbs were imaged using a knee coil in a 1.5 Tesla magnetic field, with short echo time sequences (TE < 15 ms). Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on each isolated limb in ... [more ▼]

Ten normal equine isolated limbs were imaged using a knee coil in a 1.5 Tesla magnetic field, with short echo time sequences (TE < 15 ms). Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on each isolated limb in different positions, with and without extension of the metacarpophalangeal joint. Deep digital flexor tendon orientation ranged from 20 to 60 degrees in relation to the static magnetic field. Increased intratendinous signal intensity was observed when the angle between the deep digital flexor tendon and the constant magnetic field approached 55 degrees ("magic angle"). The increased signal intensity was independent from extension of the metacarpophalangeal joint. Recognition of the magic angle phenomenon is essential for proper evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging studies of the equine foot. [less ▲]

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