References of "2002"
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See detailImportance of pedogenic factors in the spatial distribution of some soil properties in the Belgian loess belt: some loess-substratum contacts.
Colinet, Gilles ULg; Lacroix, Daniel; Bock, Laurent ULg

in Degryse, Patrick; Sintubin, Manuel (Eds.) Contributions to the Geology of Belgium and Northwest Europe. Proceedings of the first Geologica Belgica International Meeting (2002)

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See detailRecurrent fatal drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell's syndrome) after putative beta-lactam cross-reactivity: Case report and scrutiny of antibiotic imputability.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Jacob, Eric; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in Critical Care Medicine (2002), 30(11), 2580-3

OBJECTIVE: A series of antibiotics may be responsible for toxic epidermal necrolysis. We report two successive episodes of toxic epidermal necrolysis in the same patient. Drug imputability criteria ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: A series of antibiotics may be responsible for toxic epidermal necrolysis. We report two successive episodes of toxic epidermal necrolysis in the same patient. Drug imputability criteria designate a cross-reactivity between two antibiotics of different chemical classes but sharing the beta-lactam ring in common. DESIGN: Descriptive case report and review of the literature. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit in a university medical center. PATIENT AND MAIN RESULTS: A 75-yr-old woman developed a first episode of toxic epidermal necrolysis (involving 40% of the body surface) after intake of cefotaxime, a third-generation cephalosporin. Perfusions of high-dose immunoglobulins rapidly improved the lesions, followed by partial reepithelialization in 5 days. Sepsis required the administration of meropenem, which is a carbapenem antibiotic. The epidermal destruction immediately recurred, with extension to previously uninvolved skin areas and fatal consequences. CONCLUSIONS: The beta-lactam ring present in cephalosporins and carbapenems represents the putative chemical structure responsible for the presently reported cross-reactivity to two antibiotics of different classes. Drugs having any chemical similarity to the initial culprit compound should be strictly avoided when possible in the management of toxic epidermal necrolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailSpeed of sound measurements in the evaluation of bone properties in Holstein
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Guyot, Hugues ULg; Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the XXII World Buiatrics Congress (2002)

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See detailL’entomophagie : une question de culture ?
Mignon, Jacques ULg

in Tropicultura (2002), 20(3), 151-155

Entomophagy: How to Overcome our European Aversion? Entomophagy, the eating of insects, is not a curiosity but is practiced throughout the world, except in Europe and in North-America. For many Europeans ... [more ▼]

Entomophagy: How to Overcome our European Aversion? Entomophagy, the eating of insects, is not a curiosity but is practiced throughout the world, except in Europe and in North-America. For many Europeans, the consumption of insects is considered as a primitive and a repugnant comportment. An experiment, conducted in Belgium (Gembloux) has shown that, informed about the cultural, the nutritional and the ecological aspects of entomophagy, Westerners are able to surmount their aversion. Could insects become common dish in European and American restaurants? [less ▲]

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See detailA decision-maker point of view on uncertainties in spatial decisions
Cornélis, Bernard ULg; Brunet, Sébastien ULg

in Goodchild, Michael; Fisher, Peter; Shi, Wenzhong (Eds.) Spatial Data Quality (2002)

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See detailResults of a whole genome scan targeting QTL for growth and carcass traits in a Pietrain x Large White intercross
Nezer, C.; Moreau, L.; Wagenaar, D. et al

in Genetics, Selection, Evolution (2002), 34(3, May-Jun), 371-387

We herein report the results of a whole genome scan performed in a Pietrain x Large White intercross counting 525 offspring to map QTL influencing economically important growth and carcass traits. We ... [more ▼]

We herein report the results of a whole genome scan performed in a Pietrain x Large White intercross counting 525 offspring to map QTL influencing economically important growth and carcass traits. We report experiment-wide significant lod scores (> 4.6) for meatiness and fat deposition on chromosome SSC2, and for average daily gain and carcass length on chromosome SSC7. Additional suggestive lod scores (> 3.3) for fat deposition are reported on chromosomes SSC1, SSC7 and SSC13. A significant dominance deviation was found for the QTL on SSC1, while the hypothesis of an additive QTL could not be rejected for the QTL on SSC7 and SSC13. No evidence for imprinted QTL could be found for QTL other than the one previously reported on SSC2. [less ▲]

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See detailPositron emission tomography in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL): relationship between tracer uptake and pathological findings, including preliminary experience in the staging of low-grade NHL.
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Clinical Lymphoma (2002), 3(1), 56-61

Advances in imaging techniques have allowed more precise staging and better evaluation of the effect of new treatment modalities. The limitations of conventional morphologic imaging techniques are well ... [more ▼]

Advances in imaging techniques have allowed more precise staging and better evaluation of the effect of new treatment modalities. The limitations of conventional morphologic imaging techniques are well known. Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose is now routinely used for initial staging and re-evaluation during or after treatment of Hodgkin's disease and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), but not in low-grade NHL. In the first part of this review, the relationship between glucose metabolism as measured by PET, pathological findings including histological grade and proliferative activity, and prognosis are analyzed. In the second part, the potential role of PET in the staging and follow-up of low-grade NHL is discussed. Published data indicate that PET may contribute to the management of low-grade follicular NHL. [less ▲]

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See detailGene transcript quantitation by real-time RT-PCR in cells selected by immunohistochemistry-laser capture microdissection.
Lindeman, Neal; Waltregny, David ULg; Signoretti, Sabina et al

in Diagnostic Molecular Pathology : The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, Part B (2002), 11(4), 187-92

Studying tissue-based gene expression in different cell populations often requires immunohistochemistry-guided microdissection. However, mRNA degradation occurs during long staining procedures. We ... [more ▼]

Studying tissue-based gene expression in different cell populations often requires immunohistochemistry-guided microdissection. However, mRNA degradation occurs during long staining procedures. We combined a novel rapid immunoperoxidase technique with laser capture microdissection (LCM) and real-time quantitative RT-PCR to compare p27 mRNA expression in prostatic basal/secretory cells. Eight frozen prostate sections were immunostained with antibody 34betaE12 (high-molecular-weight keratin). Secretory and basal cells were separately collected by LCM. p27 transcripts from each cell group were quantitated by real-time RT-PCR, with GAPDH as standard. Immunostaining took 22 minutes, with RNA extraction from approximately 40 dissected cells from each compartment initiated within 40 minutes. Qualitative RT-PCR gave a product of the expected size from each sample. Quantitative RT-PCR gave basal/secretory p27/GAPDH ratios of 0.99-16.24 (mean 5.53 +/- 0.643). Immunostaining for keratin 34betaE12 can be done on frozen sections in approximately 20 minutes, and mRNA from pure cell populations can be quantitated by RT-PCR. We used this technique to show that p27 transcript levels are greater in basal than in secretory prostate cells, suggesting, when combined with prior studies, that regulation of p27 occurs at the protein level in normal cells. This technique may have wide applicability to studies of gene expression in distinct cell populations in heterogeneous tissues. [less ▲]

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See detailAcromégalie : Diabète, intolérance au glucose et sensibilité à l'insuline
Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Vroonen, Laurent ULg; Betea, Daniela ULg et al

in XXème Congrès de la Société Française d'Endocrinologie - Abstract book (2002)

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See detailFirst-principles study of the dielectric and dynamical properties of lithium niobate
Veithen, M.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2002), 65

Using a first-principles approach based on density-functional theory, the electronic, dielectric, and dynamical properties of the two phases of lithium niobate are studied. In particular, the spontaneous ... [more ▼]

Using a first-principles approach based on density-functional theory, the electronic, dielectric, and dynamical properties of the two phases of lithium niobate are studied. In particular, the spontaneous polarization, the optical dielectric tensors, the Born effective charges, and the zone-center phonons are computed. The Born effective charges are found to be significantly larger than the nominal ionic charges of the ions, a feature similar to what is observed in related ABO(3) compounds and attributed to the hybridization between the O 2p and Nb 4d states. The analysis of the zone-center phonons in the paraelectric phase reveals an unstable A(2u) mode to be responsible for the phase transition. The origin of the structural instability is attributed to destabilizing long-range dipolar interactions, which are not fully compensated by stabilizing short-range forces. Finally, the identification of the E modes in the ferroelectric phase, which is still the cause for debates in spite of the numerous experimental and theoretical studies, is discussed and an assignation based on the analysis of the mode-oscillator strengths and the angular dispersion relation of extraordinary phonons is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailLa peinture de 1520 à 1580
Allart, Dominique ULg

in DaKosta-Kaufmann, Thomas (Ed.) L'art flamand et hollandais: Belgique et Pays-Bas 1520-1914 (2002)

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See detailLe prologue en blanc du Lancelot en prose
Combes, Annie ULg

in Baumgartner, Emmanuèle; Harf-Lancner, Laurence (Eds.) Seuils de l'œuvre dans le texte médiéval (2002)

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See detail'Pretty Happy!'
Delville, Michel ULg

in Literary Review (2002), 46(1), 196-199

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See detail- La bande dessinée muette et le texte
Paques, Frédéric ULg

in Art&Fact (2002), 21

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See detailEcology of Salmonella in slaughter pigs digestive tract and study of the contamination of carcasses
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Jacob, Benoit et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(6, DEC-JAN), 353-360

This article presents a study on the Salmonella asymptomatic carriage of finishing pigs and its consequences on the contamination of carcasses. Twenty finishing pigs were followed to determine the faecal ... [more ▼]

This article presents a study on the Salmonella asymptomatic carriage of finishing pigs and its consequences on the contamination of carcasses. Twenty finishing pigs were followed to determine the faecal shedding of Salmonella. No sample was positive but at the slaughterhouse, the analysis of tonsils and certain parts of the digestive tract (mesenterial lymph nodes, ileum and large intestine content) revealed that 70% of the pigs were positive. The strains isolated from the faecal samples of the large intestine and from tonsils were identical, which might indicate that there has been an oral contamination from pig to pig due to the shedding of Salmonella or a carriage of different strains in different organs. The mesenterial lymph nodes (40 % positive) were contaminated by strains which were different from those from the faecal samples and tonsils. Salmonella strains were only found on the swabs of one carcass. A complementary assay has shown the negative role played by the scalding step. This latter may contaminate the oral and rectal cavities of slaughtered animals. This entire study reveals the difficulty to predict the contamination risk at the slaughterhouse from the analysis of finishing pigs faecal samples. Therefore, a better knowledge of the carriage and the shedding of Salmonella during the finishing period and during the slaughter is necessary to minimise meat contamination. [less ▲]

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See detailLa guerre et la médecine d'une culture de paix. 5. Synopsis des armes non létales.
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(3), 176-8

Non lethal weapons may be harmful for people. The effects are accidental in some instances. For some weapons, they are clearly intentional. The eventuality of a fatal issue cannot be ruled out.

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See detailLésion du nerf interosseux postérieur liée à une randonnée prolongée en vélo-tout-terrain (VTT)
Zeevaert, Bernard; CRIELAARD, Jean-Michel ULg; WANG, François-Charles ULg

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2002)

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