References of "2002"
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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2002)

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See detailThe Glacial Carbon Cycle:Changing continental weathering and glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 variations.
Munhoven, Guy ULg

Conference (2002, December 12)

The role of continental weathering in the global carbon cycle is detailed and a quantitative analysis presented.

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See detailImmunisation against Theileria parva in eastern Zambia: influence of maternal antibodies and demonstration of the carrier status
Marcotty, T.; Brandt, J.; Billiouw, M. et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2002), 110(1-2), 45-56

Immunisation of calves by the infection and treatment method (I

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See detailStatistical derivation of the evolution equation of liquid water path fluctuations in clouds
Ivanova, K.; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres (2002), 107(D23),

[1] How to distinguish and quantify deterministic and random influences on the statistics of turbulence data in meteorology cases is discussed from first principles. Liquid water path (LWP) changes in ... [more ▼]

[1] How to distinguish and quantify deterministic and random influences on the statistics of turbulence data in meteorology cases is discussed from first principles. Liquid water path (LWP) changes in clouds, as retrieved from radio signals, upon different delay times, can be regarded as a stochastic Markov process. A detrended fluctuation analysis method indicates the existence of long range time correlations. The Fokker-Planck equation which models very precisely the LWP fluctuation empirical probability distributions, in particular, their non-Gaussian heavy tails is explicitly derived and written in terms of a drift and a diffusion coefficient. Furthermore, Kramers-Moyal coefficients, as estimated from the empirical data, are found to be in good agreement with their first principle derivation. Finally, the equivalent Langevin equation is written for the LWP increments themselves. Thus rather than the existence of hierarchical structures, like an energy cascade process, strong correlations on different timescales, from small to large ones, are considered to be proven as intrinsic ingredients of such cloud evolutions. [less ▲]

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See detailLes finances communales
Husson, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2002, December 10)

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See detailLa Belgique et le monde arabe : aspects socio-culturels
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December 10)

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See detailLa place de la phonologie et de la métaphonologie dans l’alphabétisation en langue seconde
Lucchini, Silvia ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2002)

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See detailActions de développement territorial et renouveau urbain
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2002, December 06)

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See detailPrincipes de base de la prise en charge des troubles mnésiques
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2002, December 04)

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See detailPd-Ag/SiO2 sol-gel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December 03)

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See detailResolution of the Photosystem I and Photosystem II contributions to chlorophyll fluorescence of intact leaves at room temperature
Franck, Fabrice ULg; Juneau, P.; Popovic, R.

in Biochimica & Biophysica Acta (2002), 1556(2-3), 239-246

Green leaves illuminated with photosynthetically active light emit red fluorescence, whose time-dependent intensity variations reflect photosynthetic electron transport (the Kautsky effect). Usually ... [more ▼]

Green leaves illuminated with photosynthetically active light emit red fluorescence, whose time-dependent intensity variations reflect photosynthetic electron transport (the Kautsky effect). Usually, fluorescence variations are discussed by considering only the contribution of PSII-associated chlorophyll a, although it is known that the fluorescence of PSI-associated chlorophyll a also contributes to the total fluorescence [Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 22 (1995) 13 1]. Because the fluorescence emitted by each photosystem cannot be measured separately by selecting the emission wavelength in in vivo conditions, the contribution of PSI to total fluorescence at room temperature is still in ambiguity. By using a diode array detector, we measured fluorescence emission spectra corresponding to the minimal (F-O) and maximal (F-M) fluorescence states. We showed that the different shapes of these spectra were mainly due to a higher contribution of PSI chlorophylls in the F-O spectrum. By exciting PSI preferentially, we recorded a reference PSI emission spectrum in the near far-red region. From the F-O and F-M spectra and from this PSI reference spectrum, we derived specific PSI and PSII emission spectra in both the F-O and F-M states. This enables to estimate true value of the relative variable fluorescence of PSII, which was underestimated in previous works. Accurate separation of PSI-PSII fluorescence emission spectra will also enable further investigations of the distribution of excitation energy between PSI and PSII under in vivo conditions. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailL’observation des animaux comme mode d’interrogation de l’homme
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2002)

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See detailDoppler Profiles of Proton Auroral Emissions Derived From High Resolution FUV Spectra
Chua, D. H.; Dymond, K. F.; Budzien, S. A. et al

Conference (2002, December 01)

In this paper we present new FUV observations of Doppler-shifted Lyman-ë± emissions from proton aurorae obtained from the High-resolution Ionospheric and Thermospheric Spectrograph (HITS) aboard the ... [more ▼]

In this paper we present new FUV observations of Doppler-shifted Lyman-ë± emissions from proton aurorae obtained from the High-resolution Ionospheric and Thermospheric Spectrograph (HITS) aboard the Advanced Research and Global Observation Satellite (ARGOS). The Doppler profiles of the Lyman-ë± auroral emissions serve as proxies for the energy spectra of precipitating protons in the ionosphere. These observations remedy two previous shortcomings in proton aurora studies. There have been few spectral measurements of Doppler-shifted H/H[SUP]+[/SUP] emission profiles with which to validate existing models of proton flux transport in the ionosphere. Even fewer are spectral measurements of this kind over large spatial scales that would extend our understanding of proton aurora to a global level. The HITS instrument observes the Doppler shifted H Lyman-ë± emissions from proton precipitation at 0.5 Ì· resolution over the width of the auroral oval traversed by the ARGOS spacecraft. The measured Doppler spectra of proton emissions are then modeled using a Monte Carlo simulation of proton flux transport. The model parameters which include the incoming proton energy, pitch angle, and energy flux distributions are adjusted until the predicted Lyman-ë± Doppler profiles match the observations. This technique allows us to quantify the evolution of proton precipitation during varying levels of auroral activity with both spectral information and large-scale spatial coverage. We present our analysis of proton auroral observations for an isolated substorm event as an example. [less ▲]

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See detailA Comparison of FUV Auroral Emissions During the April 2002 Events as seen by the IMAGE/FUV and TIMED/GUVI Instruments
Gladstone, G.; Retherford, K.; Solomon, S. et al

Conference (2002, December 01)

The auroral emissions that resulted from the series of solar particle events and magnetic storms during 14-24 April 2002 provide an excellent data set for the cross-comparison of the IMAGE/FUV and TIMED ... [more ▼]

The auroral emissions that resulted from the series of solar particle events and magnetic storms during 14-24 April 2002 provide an excellent data set for the cross-comparison of the IMAGE/FUV and TIMED/GUVI auroral imagers. The IMAGE/FUV instrument comprises the SI spectral imager (121.8 nm and 135.6 nm) and the WIC imaging photometer (LBH) and observes the entire Earth from high Earth orbit. The TIMED/GUVI spectral imager (121.6 nm, 130.4 nm, 135.6 nm, LBH short, and LBH long) scans a nadir-to-limb swath from low Earth orbit. Although there is a large difference in spatial resolution, preliminary comparison of simultaneously-observed diffuse auroral emissions indicates fairly good agreement between the calibrated brightnesses determined for common spectral features. We will present a detailed simulation of one or more of the April 2002 events as seen by each imager to determine if a single description of the auroral precipitation can self-consistently account for the proton- and electron-generated FUV emissions observed from the two spacecraft. [less ▲]

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See detailNear- and mid-infrared colours of star-forming galaxies in European Large Area ISO Survey fields
Vaisanen, Petri; Morel, Thierry ULg; Rowan-Robinson, M. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2002), 337

We present J- and K-band near-infrared (near-IR) photometry of a sample of mid-infrared (mid-IR) sources detected by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) as part of the European Large Area ISO Survey ... [more ▼]

We present J- and K-band near-infrared (near-IR) photometry of a sample of mid-infrared (mid-IR) sources detected by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) as part of the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS) and study their classification and star-forming properties. We have used the Preliminary ELAIS Catalogue for the 6.7-μm (LW2) and 15-μm (LW3) fluxes. All of the high-reliability LW2 sources and 80 per cent of the LW3 sources are identified in the near-IR survey reaching K~ 17.5 mag. The near-IR/mid-IR flux ratios can effectively be used to separate stars from galaxies in mid-IR surveys. The stars detected in our survey region are used to derive a new accurate calibration for the ELAIS ISOCAM data in both the LW2 and LW3 filters. We show that near- to mid-IR colour-colour diagrams can be used to classify galaxies further, as well as to study star formation. The ELAIS ISOCAM survey is found mostly to detect strongly star-forming late-type galaxies, possibly starburst-powered galaxies, and it also picks out obscured active galactic nuclei. The ELAIS galaxies yield an average mid-IR flux ratio LW2/LW3 = 0.67 +/- 0.27. We discuss the f[SUB]ν[/SUB](6.7 μ m)/f[SUB]ν[/SUB](15 μ m) ratio as a star formation tracer using ISO and IRAS data of a local comparison sample. We find that the f[SUB]ν[/SUB](2.2 μ m)/f[SUB]ν[/SUB](15 μ m) ratio is also a good indicator of activity level in galaxies and conclude that the drop in the f[SUB]ν[/SUB](6.7 μ m)/f[SUB]ν[/SUB](15 μ m) ratio seen in strongly star-forming galaxies is a result of both an increase of 15-μm emission and an apparent depletion of 6.7-μm emission. Near-IR together with the mid-IR data make it possible to estimate the relative amount of interstellar matter in the galaxies. [less ▲]

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See detailLa centrale positive des crédits aux particuliers
Biquet, Christine ULg; Dengis, Stéphanie ULg

in Actualité législative en droit immobilier (2000-2002) (2002)

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