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See detailVALIDATION OF ENVISAT-1 LEVEL-2 PRODUCTS RELATED TO LOWER ATMOSPHERE O3 AND NOy CHEMISTRY BY A FTIR QUASI-GLOBAL NETWORK
De Mazière, M.; Coosemans, T.; Barret, B. et al

Scientific conference (2002, December)

A coordinated action involving eleven stations of the ground-based Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC) equipped with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) instruments was conducted to ... [more ▼]

A coordinated action involving eleven stations of the ground-based Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC) equipped with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) instruments was conducted to contribute to the validation of the three atmospheric chemistry instruments onboard ENVISAT, that are MIPAS, SCIAMACHY and GOMOS. The target products for validation are total columns of O3, CH4, CO and some important NOy species (NO2, HNO3, NO) and the source gas N2O. Together the eleven stations cover the latitudes between 79 °N and 78°S, including polar, mid -latitude and subtropical and tropical locations. The goal is to contribute to the assessment of the data quality of the aforementioned ENVISAT instruments, from a quasi-global perspective. The period of intensive ground-based data collection for the benefit of the ENVISAT Validation Commissioning Phase that is dealt with in the present paper is July 15 to December 1, 2002. The FTIR network involved collected a data set corresponding to an equivalent of approximately 400 days of measurements; about three quarter of the data have already been submitted to the ENVISAT Calval database and are included in the present work. Unfortunately, the distribution of ENVISAT data has been slow and limited. Only a limited number of coincidences has been found for making data inter-comparisons. Therefore, the conclusions drawn in this paper are very preliminary and cover only a limited set of data products from SCIAMACHY only. Our findings up to now concerning the above mentioned target products are the following: (1) SCIAMACHY near infrared operational products (CO, CH4, N2O) have no scientific meaning yet, (2), the operational SCIAMACHY total vertical O3 column product derived in the ultraviolet window has undergone some improvements with changing versions of the processor(s) but it still underestimates the column by about 5 – 10 %, (3), the operational SCIAMACHY total vertical O3 column product derived in the visible window is unrealistically large, and (3), the operational NO2 total column product from SCIAMACHY seems to largely overestimate the real column, but very few coincidences and large dispersions of the data do inhibit any further conclusion at present. In a next phase, the same ground-based correlative data set will be exploited to further validate the ENVISAT data as soon as more and reprocessed data will be distributed. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term Elasticity in the Continental Lithosphere; Modelling the Aden Ridge Propagation and the Anatolian Extrusion Process
King, G; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2002, December), 83

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See detailHyperpaysages - Sensibiliser à l'aménagement du territoire par les nouvelles technologies
Partoune, Christine ULg; Pirenne, Marie; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Point sur la Recherche en Education (Le) (2002)

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See detailRapport de recherche F.R.F.C. n° 2.4601.00 F (rapport final d’activités scientifiques : années 2000-2001 et 2002): Utilisation des techniques d’imagerie numérique pour l’étude de profils comportementaux de poissons d’eau douce (Salmonidés, Cyprinidés), d’eau de mer (Labridés) en fonction de leur environnement physique, chimique, biologique et social
Ylieff, Marc ULg

Report (2002)

Dans de nombreux secteurs axés sur les recherches comportementales, l'imagerie numérique (I.N.) apparaît aujourd'hui comme un outil dont la précision descriptive, les capacités à appréhender, à analyser ... [more ▼]

Dans de nombreux secteurs axés sur les recherches comportementales, l'imagerie numérique (I.N.) apparaît aujourd'hui comme un outil dont la précision descriptive, les capacités à appréhender, à analyser et à quantifier des paramètres comportementaux échappant aux méthodes éthométriques classiques ouvrent des perspectives originales et très prometteuses. En effet, par la puissance de calcul offerte par ces nouvelles techniques, les sciences du comportement et de l’environnement peuvent profiter de systèmes permettant de prendre en compte un grand nombre de variables qui habituellement ne peuvent être mesurées par les méthodes d'observation directe. Les travaux de recherche poursuivis dans le cadre de ce programme F.R.F.C., exploitant de nouvelles techniques éthométriques basées sur l’I.N., ont porté sur plusieurs problématiques ayant comme fil conducteur l’influence des facteurs environnementaux sur les profils comportementaux chez les poissons. Nous avons ainsi adapté, validé et exploité des techniques complémentaires d’I.N. au cours de travaux effectués sur le terrain et en laboratoire. Objectifs de la recherche Dans notre domaine de recherche, les techniques s’appuyant sur l’I.N. concernent deux approches méthodologiques distinctes : l'une concerne la création d'images numériques (donc modifiables à l'envi) à partir de bases de données topographiques (techniques de modélisation numérique de terrain ou MNT) ; l'autre concerne le traitement informatisé d'images numérisées, procédé permettant la reconnaissance d'objets caractéristiques par rapport à un modèle de référence (Computer Vision System ou Visionique). Le principe de base de nos recherches, réalisées tant en milieu naturel qu’en laboratoire, se résume en trois points : • Premièrement, définir de manière numérique l'habitat naturel (côte rocheuse méditerranéenne), semi-naturelle (aquarium de grande capacité ou mésocosme) ou artificiel (aquariums expérimentaux de petites tailles) des poissons étudiés : variables environnementales physiques, chimiques, biologiques et sociales (variables indépendantes) ; • Deuxièmement, décrire qualitativement puis quantitativement les profils comportementaux des poissons choisis, selon la nature, l'intensité et la répartition temporelle des activités ciblées : territorialité, construction de nids, comportements sexuels, compétition et agressivité, déplacements, vitesses de nage, interactions sociales (variables dépendantes) ; • Troisièmement, mettre en relation les variables des deux premières phases, c'est-à-dire celles des profils comportementaux et celles de l'environnement, par le biais de techniques de modélisations numériques et d’outils statistiques et graphiques. Ainsi, en mesurant sur le terrain ou en manipulant en laboratoire des variables environnementales abiotiques et biotiques, il est possible d’extraire, via le paradigme de l'imagerie numérique, les conditions idéales d'environnement dans lequel l'animal (ici les poissons) trouve son ou ses équilibre(s) psycho-physiologique(s). On est alors en mesure de pouvoir déterminer ses limites de tolérance à des perturbations de son milieu : uniformisation de l'habitat, densités excessives entraînant le stress, pollution, etc. Commencées concrètement en mai 1997 et poursuivies jusqu’en janvier 2002, nos recherches ont eu pour objectif d’adapter, de valider et d’exploiter, dans notre domaine, des techniques basées sur les deux pôles de l'imagerie numérique. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of unification of suboptimum methods applied to STAP radars
de Grève, Sébastien; Lapierre, Fabian D.; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2002, December)

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See detailNovel bioresorbable and bioactive composites based on bioactive glass and polylactide foams for bone tissue engineering
Roether, J. A.; Gough, J. E.; Boccaccini, Aldo R. et al

in Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine (2002), 13(12), 1207-1214

Bioresorbable and bioactive tissue engineering scaffolds based on bioactive glass (45S5 Bioglass®) particles and macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams were fabricated. A slurry dipping technique in ... [more ▼]

Bioresorbable and bioactive tissue engineering scaffolds based on bioactive glass (45S5 Bioglass®) particles and macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams were fabricated. A slurry dipping technique in conjunction with pretreatment in ethanol was used to achieve reproducible and well adhering bioactive glass coatings of uniform thickness on the internal and external surfaces of the foams. In vitro studies in simulated body fluid (SBF) demonstrated rapid hydroxyapatite (HA) formation on the surface of the composites, indicating their bioactivity. For comparison, composite foams containing Bioglass® particles as filler for the polymer matrix (in concentration of up to 40 wt%) were prepared by freeze-drying, enabling homogenous glass particle distribution in the polymer matrix. The formation of HA on the composite surfaces after immersion in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) was investigated to confirm the bioactivity of the composites. Human osteoblasts (HOBs) were seeded onto as-fabricated PDLLA foams and onto PDLLA foams coated with Bioglass® particles to determine early cell attachment and spreading. Cells were observed to attach and spread on all surfaces after the first 90 min in culture. The results of this study indicate that the fabricated composite materials have potential as scaffolds for guided bone regeneration. (C) 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation de la résistance au Sénégal d'Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lépidoptère, Noctuidae) par bioessai et méthodes moléculaires
Moreira, Christine; Schiffers, Bruno ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in AFPP - 6ème Conférence Internationale sur les Ravageurs en Agriculture (2002, December)

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See detailAlkali cation attachment to derivatized fullerenes studied by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization
Fati, D.; Leeman, V.; Vasil'ev, Y. V. et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (2002), 13(12), 1448-1458

The complexation of alkali metal ions with amphiphilic fullerene derivatives has been investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. The ... [more ▼]

The complexation of alkali metal ions with amphiphilic fullerene derivatives has been investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. The formation of analyte ions occurs via two competing mechanisms including electron transfer from matrix-derived ions and metal ion attachment. The interplay of these processes has been examined by laser fluence dependent sample activation and by variation of the target composition. The attachment of metal ions has been established as the gentler and thus more efficient route towards the formation of intact analyte ions. Investigations into the metal ion complexation have been conducted to reveal the reactivity order of the alkali metals in these reactions and to elucidate the influence of structural differences of the analytes, as well as to unravel effects caused by the anionic counter ion of the metal. The experimental data have been derived by two complementary approaches. Competing reactants were either studied simultaneously, so that the product distribution would provide direct insight into the reactivity pattern, and/or product distributions were obtained in a large variety of separate experiments and normalized for reliable comparison. It has been found that the extent to which complexation is observed follows the charge density order of the alkali metal ions. The structural features of the fullerene-attached ligands were of profound influence on the attachment of the metal ion, inducing enhanced selectivity for the complexation with less reactive metals. The metal ion attachment is reduced with the use of smaller anionic counter ions. Rationalization of these findings is provided within the framework of the mechanisms of ion formation in MALDI. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiographic, computed tomographic, magnetic resonance and rhinoscopic findings in dogs with nasal aspergillosis
Saunders, J.; Clercx, Cécile ULg; CABAY, Jean-Evrard ULg et al

in Annual Meeting of ACVR - Chicago, Illinois - USA - Décembre 2002 (2002, December)

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See detailMise au point et traitement des traumatismes pancreatiques chez l'enfant
Devoitille, A.; Dominé, Françoise; De Roover, Arnaud ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(12), 760-4

Pancreatic injury after trauma can occur in the child as an isolated lesion after a minor injury. The consequences can be severe in the absence of prompt diagnosis and treatment. Determination of ... [more ▼]

Pancreatic injury after trauma can occur in the child as an isolated lesion after a minor injury. The consequences can be severe in the absence of prompt diagnosis and treatment. Determination of mechanism of injury, clinical examination, blood amylase levels and abdominal CT-scan are first line steps for the evaluation of the injury. ERCP and MRI can be useful tools to further document injury to the pancreatic duct. In the absence of duct injury, conservative treatment can be applied. For the other cases, the treatment is surgical although newer techniques may be applied in selected cases. [less ▲]

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See detailThe neural substrates of the central executive: Exploration of the updating and shifting processes
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Delchambre, Marie et al

Conference (2002, December)

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See detailLa microchirurgie cordale, chez qui et comment?
FINCK, Camille ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December)

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See detailPercutaneous stereotactic en bloc excision of nonpalpable breast carcinoma: a step in the direction of supraconservative surgery
Lifrange, Eric ULg; Dondelinger, Robert ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland ) (2002), 11(6), 501-508

Recently, the advanced breast biopsy instrumentation (ABBI) system has been introduced as an alternative to conventional breast biopsy techniques. This study was prospectively conducted to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

Recently, the advanced breast biopsy instrumentation (ABBI) system has been introduced as an alternative to conventional breast biopsy techniques. This study was prospectively conducted to evaluate the potential of the ABBI method in locoregional management of a consecutive series of patients with nonpalpable mammographically detected breast carcinomas. Sixty-one consecutive patients underwent an ABBI procedure as a first step before possible surgery for nonpalpable breast lesions that would in any case require complete excision. For the 27 patients in whom the ABBI biopsy revealed malignancy further surgery was recommended, including re-excision of the biopsy site and axillary dissection in cases of infiltrating carcinoma. We calculated the probabilities that the ABBI specimen would have tumor-free margins and that a definitely complete excision had been achieved as a function of the mammographic or pathological diameter of the cancer. For cancer with a pathological diameter less than 10 mm, measured on the ABBI specimen, the probability (92%) of obtaining complete resection was significantly better than for larger lesions (P = 0.01, Fisher's exact test). Although the therapeutic perspectives for the ABBI method are limited at present, we suggest that this approach is a first step in the direction of a surgical strategy that is better adapted to the pathological characteristics peculiar to these small tumors, whose incidence is increasing. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBrain function in the vegetative state
Laureys, Steven ULg; Antoine, S.; Boly, Mélanie ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2002), 102(4), 177-185

Positron emission tomography (PET) techniques represent a useful tool to better understand the residual brain function in vegetative state patients. It has been shown that overall cerebral metabolic rates ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) techniques represent a useful tool to better understand the residual brain function in vegetative state patients. It has been shown that overall cerebral metabolic rates for glucose are massively reduced in this condition. However, the recovery of consciousness from vegetative state is not always associated with substantial changes in global metabolism. This finding led us to hypothesize that some vegetative patients are unconscious not just because of a global loss of neuronal function, but rather due to an altered activity in some critical brain regions and to the abolished functional connections between them. We used voxel-based Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) approaches to characterize the functional neuroanatomy of the vegetative state. The most dysfunctional brain regions were bilateral frontal and parieto-temporal associative cortices. Despite the metabolic impairment, external stimulation still induced a significant neuronal activation (i.e., change in blood flow) in vegetative patients as shown by both auditory click stimuli and noxious somatosensory stimuli. However this activation was limited to primary cortices and dissociated from higher-order associative cortices, thought to be necessary for conscious perception. Finally, we demonstrated that vegetative patients have impaired functional connections between distant cortical areas and between the thalami and the cortex and, more importantly, that recovery of consciousness is paralleled by a restoration of this cortico-thalamo-cortical interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailTraducción/minorías: iluminaciones mutuas
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Lenguas Vivas (2002), (2), 136-138

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See detailExploration de l’administrateur central de la mémoire de travail au moyen de la TEP
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December)

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See detailInformation et désinformation : le dessous des cartes
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Article for general public (2002)

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See detailImages de la nuit. Photographie de l'altérité et altérité de la photographie
Havelange, Carl ULg

in VOIR (barré) (2002), 24-25

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See detailFigures de la nuit
Havelange, Carl ULg

Book published by Ligue Braille (2002)

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