References of "2001"
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See detailGIS-based hydrogeological databases and groundwater modelling
Gogu, Radu Constantin; Carabin, Guy; Hallet, Vincent et al

in Hydrogeology Journal (2001), 9(6), 555-569

Reliability and validity of groundwater analysis strongly depend on the availability of large volumes of high-quality data. Putting all data into a coherent and logical structure supported by a computing ... [more ▼]

Reliability and validity of groundwater analysis strongly depend on the availability of large volumes of high-quality data. Putting all data into a coherent and logical structure supported by a computing environment helps ensure validity and availability and provides a powerful tool for hydrogeological studies. A hydrogeological geographic information system (GIS) database that offers facilities for groundwater-vulnerability analysis and hydrogeological modelling has been designed in Belgium for the Walloon region. Data from five river basins, chosen for their contrasting hydrogeological characteristics, have been included in the database, and a set of applications that have been developed now allow further advances. Interest is growing in the potential for integrating GIS technology and groundwater simulation models. A "loose-coupling" tool was created between the spatial-database scheme and the groundwater numerical model interface GMS (Groundwater Modelling System). Following time and spatial queries, the hydrogeological data stored in the database can be easily used within different groundwater numerical models. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation d'un navire LPG de 72000m3 (logiciel BR5)
Rigo, Philippe ULg

Report (2001)

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See detailGroup B Streptococcal infections in Belgium
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

Conference (2001, December)

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See detailLes cités et les mondes de Luc Boltanski
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Learning material (2001)

Le document approche les grands concepts de la théorie de la justification chez Boltanski et Thévenot : régimes d'action, épreuve (de force et de justification), cités et axiomatiques des cités, principes ... [more ▼]

Le document approche les grands concepts de la théorie de la justification chez Boltanski et Thévenot : régimes d'action, épreuve (de force et de justification), cités et axiomatiques des cités, principes supérieurs commun, mondes, litiges et différend. Il s'efforce d'en donner une présentation claire à partir d'exemples et en traduisant autant que possible le vocabulaire de la sociologie pragmatique dans le vocabulaire plus classique de la sociologie [less ▲]

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See detailRecherche sur l'apport de la parole des familles dans l'aide à la jeunesse
Renouprez, Christine; Levêque, Audrey ULg

Report (2001)

A travers l'analyse de dossiers de jeunes relevant de SAJ, ce rapport met en évidence le contenu de ces dossiers, le type d'informations y figurant ainsi que, au sein de celles-ci, la place de la parole ... [more ▼]

A travers l'analyse de dossiers de jeunes relevant de SAJ, ce rapport met en évidence le contenu de ces dossiers, le type d'informations y figurant ainsi que, au sein de celles-ci, la place de la parole des familles de ces jeunes. Cette recherche permet d'appréhender dans quelle mesure une trace de cette parole est présente dans les dossiers et quelle place la famille peut jouer dans ce type de dossier d'aide. [less ▲]

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See detailLa guerre et la medecine d'une culture de paix. 2. Synopsis des armes biologiques
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 850-4

Biological warfare has a long history. Despite the 1972 international convention and several attempts at biological weapon eradication, some countries and non governmental groups still retain some of ... [more ▼]

Biological warfare has a long history. Despite the 1972 international convention and several attempts at biological weapon eradication, some countries and non governmental groups still retain some of these agents. According to their potential use, they belong to bioterrorism or to massive destruction weapons. Any biological warfare put the civilian medical and paramedical assets at the frontline and at high risk for being rapidly contaminated. The prompt recognition of a bioterrorist attack and the swift identification of the agent can lead to implementation of vaccines, chemoprophylaxis, appropriate treatment and sanitary measures. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling of speleothems failure in the Hotton cave (Belgium). Is the failure earthquake induced?
Cadorin, Jean-François; Jongmans, Denis; Camelbeeck, Thierry et al

in Netherlands Journal of Geosciences - Geologie en Mijnbouw (2001), 80(3-4), 315-321

To provide quantitative information on the ground acceleration necessary to break speleothems, laboratory measurements on samples of stalagmite have been performed to study their failure in bending. Due ... [more ▼]

To provide quantitative information on the ground acceleration necessary to break speleothems, laboratory measurements on samples of stalagmite have been performed to study their failure in bending. Due to their high natural frequencies, speleothems can be considered as rigid bodies to seismic strong ground motion. Using this simple hypothesis and the determined mechanical properties (a minimum value of 0.4 MPa for the tensile failure stress has been considered), modelling indicates that horizontal acceleration ranging from 0.3 m/s(2) to 100 m/s(2) (0.03 to 10g) are necessary to break 35 broken speleothems of the Hotton cave for which the geometrical parameters have been determined. Thus, at the present time, a strong discrepancy exists between the peak accelerations observed during earthquakes and most of the calculated values necessary to break speleothems. One of the future research efforts will be to understand the reasons of the defined behaviour. It appears fundamental to perform measurements on in situ speleothems. [less ▲]

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See detailLe controle du reseau vasculaire cutane
Damas, Jacques ULg; Garbacki, Nancy ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 846-9

In man, three kinds of sympathetic neurons reach the skin. Some cholinergic neurons stimulate the sweat glands, they are excited by temperature-regulating centers. Adrenergic neurons release noradrenaline ... [more ▼]

In man, three kinds of sympathetic neurons reach the skin. Some cholinergic neurons stimulate the sweat glands, they are excited by temperature-regulating centers. Adrenergic neurons release noradrenaline and ATP to reduce cutaneous blood flow while cholinergic neurons release acetylcholine and a co-transmitter to dilate skin blood vessels. The excitation of both latter types of nerve cells depends on influences from temperature-regulating centers, baroreceptors and exercise. Moreover, in cutaneous blood vessels, a synthesis of NO is enhanced by an increase of body temperature and overall by direct heating of the skin. Burns are associated with axon reflexes and release of inflammatory mediators. The involvement of these various influences is described. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunication interventriculaire et infarctus récent du myocarde
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Moonen, Martial et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 823-829

Rupture of the interventricular septum is a classical complication of acute myocardial infarction. The diagnosis should be evoked when the patient's hemodynamic condition deteriorates in the presence of a ... [more ▼]

Rupture of the interventricular septum is a classical complication of acute myocardial infarction. The diagnosis should be evoked when the patient's hemodynamic condition deteriorates in the presence of a new systolic murmur. A transthoracic or, preferably, transesophageal echocardiography confirms the diagnosis. Early surgical correction constitutes the best treatment. Despite recent progresses, mortality remains high but long term results are encouraging. The risk factors conditioning prognosis, the surgical options and the question of simultaneous coronary bypass will be discussed after a thorough review of the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailUltrasonographic abnormalities of the palmar aspect of the fetlock and pastern
Busoni, Valeria ULg

in Ippologia (2001), 12(4), 5-11

Ultrasonography is necessary to diagnose and differentiate soft tissues injuries of the palmar aspect of fetlock and pastern and completes the examination in cases with radiographic abnormalities on the ... [more ▼]

Ultrasonography is necessary to diagnose and differentiate soft tissues injuries of the palmar aspect of fetlock and pastern and completes the examination in cases with radiographic abnormalities on the proximal sesamoid bones. This paper reviews some of the injuries which can involve the anatomical structures of the palmar fetlock and pastern regions. [less ▲]

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See detailLa demence en Belgique: taux de prevalence chez les sujets ages consultant en medecine generale
Kurz, X.; Scuvee-Moreau, J.; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 835-9

Early detection of dementia is an important element for the efficacy of therapies currently proposed to slow down disease progression. This detection mainly relies on general practitioners. In order to ... [more ▼]

Early detection of dementia is an important element for the efficacy of therapies currently proposed to slow down disease progression. This detection mainly relies on general practitioners. In order to estimate the impact of dementia on health services, we have estimated from the data of the NAtional Dementia Economic Study (NADES) the prevalence rate of dementia in patients aged > or = 65 years living at home and consulting in general practice. The study population was based on the sampling of consecutive patients consulting a general practitioner, irrespective of the reason and location of the consultation. The diagnosis of dementia was based on the CAMDEX performed at home in patients presenting > or = 3 warning signs of dementia. The prevalence rate of dementia among 2.234 registered patients living at home was 14.3% (CI95: 12.6-16.0). In age groups 65-74, 75-84 and > or = 85 years, it was 7.0%, 17.5% and 18.5%, respectively, in men, and 6.1%, 15.8% and 25.2%, respectively, in women. The percentage of demented with mild, mild to moderate, moderate and severe dementia was 35.0%, 38.8%, 13.1% and 13.1%, respectively. After adjusting for the age and sex distribution of the Belgian population, the prevalence rate in patients aged > or = 65 years was estimated at 11.3%. A diagnosis of dementia had already been made by a specialist in 41.5% of patients with dementia, with figures of 19.3%, 34.3%, 41.9% and 60.9% according to the severity of disease (mild, mild to moderate, moderate, severe). The onset of first symptoms had preceded the diagnosis by an average of 1 year. Our results show a high prevalence rate of dementia in the elderly living at home consulting in general practice, and less than half of the patients had previously been diagnosed. It is possible that a systematic detection will not be performed as long as specific treatments are not made widely available. [less ▲]

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See detailBehaviour of Crohn's Disease According to the Vienna Classification: Changing Pattern over the Course of the Disease
Louis, Edouard ULg; Mathieu, Anne ULg; Oger, A. F. et al

in Gut (2001), 49(6), 777-82

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with both a genetic and environmental aetiology. Clinical classifications of the disease, such as the newly proposed Vienna classification, may help ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with both a genetic and environmental aetiology. Clinical classifications of the disease, such as the newly proposed Vienna classification, may help to define subgroups of patients suitable for studying the influence of specific genetic or environmental factors. AIM: To assess the stability over the course of the disease of its location and behaviour, as determined according to the Vienna classification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The notes of 297 Crohn's disease patients regularly followed up at our institution were carefully reviewed retrospectively. The behaviour and location of the disease according to the Vienna classification were determined at diagnosis and after 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 years of follow up. The proportions of the different behaviours and locations of the disease were calculated at these time points. A statistical analysis of the evolution of these characteristics over 10 years was performed on a subgroup of 125 patients with at least 10 years of follow up. The influence of age at diagnosis on location and behaviour of the disease was assessed as well as the influence of location on the behaviour of the disease. RESULTS: The location of the disease remained relatively stable over the course of the disease. Although the proportion of patients who had a change in disease location became statistically significant after five years (p=0.01), over 10 years only 15.9% of patients had a change in location (p<0.001). We observed a more rapid and prominent change in disease behaviour, which was already statistically significant after one year (p=0.04). Over 10 years, 45.9% of patients had a change in disease behaviour (p<0.0001). The most prominent change was from non-stricturing non-penetrating disease to either stricturing (27.1%; p<0.0001) or penetrating (29.4%; p<0.0001) disease. Age at diagnosis had no influence on either location or behaviour of disease. Ileal Crohn's disease was more often stricturing, and colonic or ileocolonic Crohn's disease was more often penetrating: this was already the case at diagnosis and became more prominent after 10 years (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Location of Crohn's disease, as defined by the Vienna classification, is a relatively stable phenotype which seems suitable for phenotype-genotype analyses. Behaviour of Crohn's disease according to the Vienna classification varies dramatically over the course of the disease and cannot be used in phenotype-genotype analyses. The potential influence of genes on the behaviour of Crohn's disease should be studied in subgroups of patients defined by their disease behaviour after a fixed duration of disease. [less ▲]

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See detailRecommandations pour la redaction de notices d'information pour les patients
Delvenne, Catherine ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg; Pasleau, Françoise ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 840-5

With Evidence-Based Medicine, shared decision making is attracting considerable interest as a means by which patient preferences can be incorporated into clinical decisions. Patients cannot express ... [more ▼]

With Evidence-Based Medicine, shared decision making is attracting considerable interest as a means by which patient preferences can be incorporated into clinical decisions. Patients cannot express informed preferences unless they are given sufficient and appropriate information, including a detailed explanation concerning their condition, the different therapeutic options and the likely outcomes with and without treatment. A patient education leaflet is a potentially powerful tool for communicating information to patients, who will be able to participate in the process of decision making. The present article is a review of available guides for the writing of patient information materials. It also includes criteria for evaluating their quality. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological distress of surgical patients after orthotopic heart transplantation
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg; Wauthy, Jacques ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Transplant International (2001), 14(6), 391-395

Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychological problems after OHT have been described in many studies. Little is known, however, about ... [more ▼]

Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychological problems after OHT have been described in many studies. Little is known, however, about the relationship between the psychological state of the patient and time after surgery. The present study involved 41 consecutive OHT patients that underwent transplantation from January 1991 to December 1992, with a retrospective review of pretransplant psychiatric evaluations to define a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edn., revised (DSM III-R) Axis I diagnosis. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), Spielberger's State Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) between 1 and 41 months after transplantation. For comparison, 29 presumably healthy volunteers were given the same questionnaires. The study confirms the occurrence of abnormal psychological scores in the OHT group as compared to the reference population. Psychological scores, however, do not appear to be related to the time they were recorded after surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailLe syndrome du marteau
Denoel, C.; Collignon, L.; Dardenne, C. B. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(12), 830-4

The hypothenar hammer syndrome is an uncommon but underestimated lesion of the cubital artery caused by repetitive trauma at the level of the hamate bone. It characteristically occurs in patients with a ... [more ▼]

The hypothenar hammer syndrome is an uncommon but underestimated lesion of the cubital artery caused by repetitive trauma at the level of the hamate bone. It characteristically occurs in patients with a history of manual work as metal workers, carpenters and motor mechanics. We present a case of a patient who developed this syndrome following intensive use of a dig. Clinical finding, diagnosis and treatment are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailOsmium (VI) – selenoxyde and selenide – osmium (VIII) : A Perfect Couple of Reagents
Colaux, Catherine ULg; krief, Alain

Poster (2001, December)

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See detailAttention et Alzheimer
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Scientific conference (2001, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (8 ULg)