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See detailImplementation of a yield locus interpolation method in the finite element code LAGAMINE
Duchene, Laurent ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2000)

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See detailProgesterone Receptor Activation. An Alternative to SERMs in Breast Cancer
Desreux, Joëlle ULg; Kebers, F.; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in European Journal of Cancer (2000), 36(Suppl 4), 90-1

Data regarding the effects of progesterone and a progestagen on human normal breast epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis are presented here. In postmenopausal women, adding progesterone to ... [more ▼]

Data regarding the effects of progesterone and a progestagen on human normal breast epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis are presented here. In postmenopausal women, adding progesterone to percutaneously administrated oestradiol significantly reduces the proliferation induced by oestradiol. In vitro and in premenopausal women, stopping the administration of nomegestrol acetate triggers a peak of apoptosis. Fibro-adenoma and cancerous cells do not show this regulation of apoptosis. Progesterone seems to be important in normal breast homeostasis. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement de la maladie de Crohn de l'adulte par anticorps anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha)
Belaiche, Jacques ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(9), 827-32

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bowel characterized by segmental transmural inflammation and granulomatous changes. TNF alpha is a member of a large family of proteins and ... [more ▼]

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bowel characterized by segmental transmural inflammation and granulomatous changes. TNF alpha is a member of a large family of proteins and receptors that are involved in immune regulation. It is a proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokine synthesized by monocytes, macrophages, and T cells. TNF alpha plays an early central role in the cytokine cascade of the inflammatory process. Recently, chimeric monoclonal antibodies that inhibits TNF alpha have been used in the treatment of Crohn's disease. Infliximab has been the most largely used antibody. It is commercialized in the USA and has recently obtained an European marketing approvement. Infliximab is indicated for the treatment of moderately to severely active CD in patients having an inadequate response to conventional therapy. Clinical trials have demonstrated efficacy when the agent is initiated as a 5 mg/kg single intravenous infusion. In patients with fistulizing CD, administration of 2 subsequent 5 mg/kg doses 2 and 6 weeks after the initial dose appears to be efficacious. Limited clinical data also suggest that infliximab retreatment regimen restores response and maintains remission rates. Infliximab appears to be well tolerated. To date, very little is known about the potential for long-term toxicity with infliximab therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle de l'Eglise de Liège dans le développement du culte de la Trinité en Europe
Close, Florence ULg

Master's dissertation (2000)

Ce mémoire de licence consistait en une revue historiographique des travaux consacrés à l'histoire de la dévotion trinitaire dans le diocèse de Liège et en l'approfondissement de quelques questions nées ... [more ▼]

Ce mémoire de licence consistait en une revue historiographique des travaux consacrés à l'histoire de la dévotion trinitaire dans le diocèse de Liège et en l'approfondissement de quelques questions nées de ces lectures, notamment un passage en revue des sources liégeoises faisant allusions à la fête de la Trinité ou à la manifestation d'une dévotion particulière (consécration d'autels, iconographie, ...). La principale trouvaille de ce travail est probablement la démonstration de l'insertion dans le calendrier liturgique liégeois d'une octave anticipée de la Trinité. [less ▲]

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See detailL'épreuve du vide : Justice et démocratie
Herla, Anne ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2000)

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See detailObs.
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederecters (2000)

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See detailFracture and Bone Mineral Density in Hemodialysis Patients
Fontaine, M. A.; Albert, Adelin ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg et al

in Clinical Nephrology (2000), 54(3), 218-26

AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine in hemodialysis patients the pattern of low trauma fracture, the ability of dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to discriminate between patients ... [more ▼]

AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine in hemodialysis patients the pattern of low trauma fracture, the ability of dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to discriminate between patients with and without fracture, and the magnitude, distribution and mechanism of bone loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight patients were studied. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DXA at lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN) and 3 radius sites (UD, MID and 1/3R). In 11 patients (12.5%), 16 fractures occurred and were predominant at the distal forearm and ribs. RESULTS: Patients with fracture had a significatively lower BMD Z-score at LS (-1.34 +/- 1.66 vs -0.42 +/- 1.23), at FN (-1.58 +/- 1.25 vs -0.60 +/- 1.01), at MID radius (-2.59 +/- 1.34 vs -0.93 +/- 1.76) and 1/3 radius (-1.62 +/- 1.60 vs -0.39 +/- 1.32). They also had a longer history of dialysis (113 +/- 64 vs 53 +/- 65 months). Prevalence of osteoporosis varied from 23% at LS to 50% at MID radius. CONCLUSION: Multiple regression analysis showed that there was no influence of gender, age, parathormone status and primary renal disease on BMD. However, at FN, UD, MID and 1/3 radius, a significantly negative correlation was found between length of dialysis and BMD Z-score. By contrast at LS, there was a positive correlation between age at onset of dialysis and BMD Z-score. Despite occurrence of fracture at the fistula forearm, BMD levels were similar in both arms. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the influence of aluminium content on the stability of retained austenite in multiphase TRIP-assisted steels
Mertens, Anne ULg; Jacques, Pascal J.; Lazarova, Roumiana et al

Poster (2000, September)

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See detailL'Université au fil du temps. Fin de l'épopée Ulg.
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg

Article for general public (2000)

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See detailPathologie hypophysaire et NEM 1
Betea, Daniela ULg; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2000), 61(3), 214-223

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by neoplasia of the parathyroid glands, the endocrine pancreas and the anterior pituitary gland. Recently the ... [more ▼]

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by neoplasia of the parathyroid glands, the endocrine pancreas and the anterior pituitary gland. Recently the identification on chromosome 11 (locus q13) of the gene responsible for MEN 1 has allowed direct genetic diagnosis of MEN 1-affected family members. To date almost 300 families have been described and genetically characterized. The genetic etiology of most pituitary tumours remains unknown. Pituitary adenomas can develop sporadically or as a part of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. In this review, the recently published data on the pathology of the MEN 1 syndrome will be summarized. The clinical, morphological and genetic aspects of sporadic and MEN 1-associated pituitary adenomas will be outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailLeptin Effects on Pulsatile Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Secretion from the Adult Rat Hypothalamus and Interaction with Cocaine and Amphetamine Regulated Transcript Peptide and Neuropeptide Y
Parent, Anne-Simone ULg; Lebrethon, M. C.; Gerard, Arlette ULg et al

in Regulatory Peptides (2000), 92(1-3), 17-24

Leptin may act as a negative feedback signal to the hypothalamic control of appetite through suppression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) secretion and stimulation of cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript ... [more ▼]

Leptin may act as a negative feedback signal to the hypothalamic control of appetite through suppression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) secretion and stimulation of cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART). We aimed at studying the effects of leptin, CART and NPY on the hypothalamic control of the pituitary-gonadal system. Pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion was studied in vitro using retrochiasmatic hypothalamic explants from adult rats. In the female, GnRH pulse amplitude was significantly increased by leptin (10(-7) M) and CART (10(-6) M) irrespective of the estrus cycle phase while no such effects were seen in the male. The GnRH interpulse interval was not affected in both sexes. Passive immunoneutralization against CART caused a reduction in GnRH pulse amplitude in the female. A slight but significant increase in GnRH pulse amplitude was caused by NPY (10(-7) M) in the female. However, GnRH pulse amplitude was not affected by a Y5-receptor antagonist (10(-6) M) while the interpulse interval was significantly increased as shown previously in the male. The increase in GnRH pulse amplitude caused by leptin was totally prevented by coincubation with an anti-CART antiserum whereas it was not affected by coincubation with the NPY Y5-receptor antagonist (10(-7) M). In conclusion, leptin and NPY show separate permissive effects on GnRH secretion in the adult rat hypothalamus. In both sexes, NPY is prominently involved in the control of the frequency of pulsatile GnRH secretion through the Y5 receptor subtype. Leptin causes a female-specific facilitatory effect on GnRH pulse amplitude which is mediated by CART and which occurs irrespective of the estrus cycle phase. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of the Enantiomers of 3-Tert.-Butylamino-1,2-Propanediol by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled to Evaporative Light Scattering Detection
Toussaint, B.; Duchateau, A. L.; van der Wal, S. et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2000), 890(2), 239-49

A method for the separation and quantitation of the enantiomers of 3-tert.-butylamino-1,2-propanediol by high-performance liquid chromatography and evaporative light scattering detection has been ... [more ▼]

A method for the separation and quantitation of the enantiomers of 3-tert.-butylamino-1,2-propanediol by high-performance liquid chromatography and evaporative light scattering detection has been developed. Separation of the enantiomers was performed in normal-phase liquid chromatography on a Chiralpak AS chiral stationary phase. The influence of the gas nature, gas pressure and temperature of the drift tube of the evaporative light scattering detector on the detection sensitivity was investigated. The method was validated in terms of linearity, limit of quantitation, accuracy and precision. The enantiomeric excess of (S)-3-tert.-butylamino-1,2-propanediol, used for the industrial synthesis of (S)-timolol, was measured from 0 to 94%. [less ▲]

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See detailMathieu Crickboom en Espagne
Pirenne, Christophe ULg

Conference (2000, August 25)

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See detailLe toucher de notre voix
Servais, Christine ULg

Conference (2000, August 23)

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See detailSmall-angle neutron scattering studies of low-polarity telechelic ionomer solutions. 3. Temperature dependence of the ionic association
Karayianni, Eleni; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Cooper, Stuart L

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(17), 6473-6484

The effect of temperature on the structure and single chain conformation of associating solutions of carboxy−telechelic polystyrene ionomers has been investigated in the dilute to semidilute concentration ... [more ▼]

The effect of temperature on the structure and single chain conformation of associating solutions of carboxy−telechelic polystyrene ionomers has been investigated in the dilute to semidilute concentration regime using the technique of small-angle neutron scattering. By applying different labeling methods, the temperature dependence of both the total scattering and single chain scattering functions was obtained independently. It was observed that temperature has a significant impact on the structure of the ionomer aggregates. Increasing temperature results in dissociation of the aggregated particles and the formation of smaller size multimers. Interestingly, the extent to which the multimers dissociate at a specific temperature compared to their initial state at room temperature is independent of concentration or ionic level, which indicates that it is independent of the degree of aggregation of particles. This leads to the conclusion that the apparent degree of aggregation can be controlled independently by concentration and temperature. For all systems studied the multimers formed through the ionic association keep an extended configuration over all the temperatures investigated. The Flory−Huggins polymer−solvent interaction parameter of the ionomer solutions showed only a slight decrease with increasing temperature. Despite the significant effect of temperature on the multimer structure, temperature was not observed to influence the single chain dimensions of the ionomer solutions. It was observed that the single chain dimensions remained unchanged over the range of variables studied. On the basis of these results, it is proposed that dissociation of the multimers takes place by disruption of the configuration of only a small number of bridging chains which connect different ionic clusters without influencing the main architecture of the associating structure. [less ▲]

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See detailReactive compatibilization of SAN/EPR blends. 1. Dependence of the phase morphology development on the reaction kinetics
Pagnoulle, Christophe; Koning, Cor; Leemans, Luc et al

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(17), 6275-6283

SAN containing 20 wt % of reactive SAN-X has been melt blended with EPDM containing 50 wt % of EP chains grafted by maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA). Two types of reactive groups (X) have been attached to SAN ... [more ▼]

SAN containing 20 wt % of reactive SAN-X has been melt blended with EPDM containing 50 wt % of EP chains grafted by maleic anhydride (EP-g-MA). Two types of reactive groups (X) have been attached to SAN (2 mol % of X), i.e., a primary amine and a precursor of it at the processing temperature, i.e., a carbamate. The SAN/rubber weight composition was kept constant at 75/25. The development of the phase morphology from pellet-sized rubber particles to dispersed submicrometer droplets has been investigated during reactive mixing for the two types of reactive SAN and has been found to depend on the interpolymer reaction rate and thus on the relative reactivity of the amine and the carbamate groups attached to SAN toward the maleic anhydride function of EP. [less ▲]

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