References of "2000"
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See detailPaul van Ostaijen
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Brems, Hugo; Van Deel, Tom; Zuiderent, Ad (Eds.) Kritisch lexicon van de moderne Nederlandstalige literatuur (2000)

This is a survey of the life and work of the important Flemish expressionist poet Paul van Ostaijen.

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See detailInteractive tool aiding the actors involved in a building project, to sketch the envelope during the preliminary stages of the design, while taking into account their own objectives, in a multicriteria and multiactors approach
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg

in Mangin, Jean-Claude; Miramond, Marcel (Eds.) 2e conférence internationale sur l'Aide à la Décision dans le domaine Génie Civil et Urbain (2000, November)

The present study has for objective to introduce, during the sketch design, a rational method of aiding to design the envelope of a building, targeting the respect of costs (for the construction and in ... [more ▼]

The present study has for objective to introduce, during the sketch design, a rational method of aiding to design the envelope of a building, targeting the respect of costs (for the construction and in use of the building) and the improvement of the energy performance of the project. In respect of the multicriteria and multiactors context of any building project, an interactive tool is being developed, which is using decision-making aids, in order to improve the architectural response to the client’s and regulations requirements, while aiding; - the client: in the expression of his requirements and in his participation to the multiple partners negotiation; - the project authors: in their elaboration of the parametric and graphic forces of the architectural project, they can develop in accordance with the actors’ objectives. Permanently informed about the project performances, the user may go, as he pleases, in the parametric or in the graphic module, in order to reach the most preferred compromise. [less ▲]

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See detailMédias, finance et industrie : haro sur la démocratie
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Article for general public (2000)

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See detailProduction of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1-Seronegative Latent Carriers by Administration of a Live-Attenuated Vaccine in Passively Immunized Calves
Lemaire, Mylène; Meyer, Gilles; Baranowski, Eric et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2000), 38(11), 4233-8

The consequences of the vaccination of neonatal calves with the widely used live-attenuated temperature-sensitive (ts) bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated. The ts strain established acute ... [more ▼]

The consequences of the vaccination of neonatal calves with the widely used live-attenuated temperature-sensitive (ts) bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated. The ts strain established acute and latent infections in all vaccinated calves either with or without passive immunity. Four of seven calves vaccinated under passive immunity became clearly BHV-1 seronegative by different serological tests, as did uninfected control calves after the disappearance of maternal antibodies, and they remained so for long periods. A cell-mediated immune response was detected by a BHV-1 gamma interferon assay, but this test failed to detect the seronegative latent carriers (SNLCs). While they are not detected, SNLCs represent a threat for BHV-1-free herds or countries. This study demonstrates that SNLCs can be easily obtained by inoculation with a live-attenuated BHV-1 under passive immunity and that latent carrier animals without any antibody do exist. Consequently, this situation could represent a good model to experimentally produce SNLCs. [less ▲]

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See detailALPS/ULSAP Software for Ultimate Strength Design of Steel Grillages under Combined Loads
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Toderan, C.; Hughes et al

in SIMOUEST’2000, European Conference, Marine Technology (2000, November)

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See detailLBR-5, a Ship Hull Optimization Tool
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Hage, André ULg

in SIMOUEST’2000, European Conference, Marine Technology (2000, November)

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See detailAre Cities of Northern Europe at Risk ?
Plumier, André ULg; Jongmans, Denis

in Proceedings of the Workshop Mitigation of Seismic Risk - Support to recently Affected European Countries (2000, November)

A benchmark study on seimic risk has been realised on Liege, Belgium, at the request of the Regional Authority. Its main interest is that it deals with the seismic risk of a city in a low seismicity ... [more ▼]

A benchmark study on seimic risk has been realised on Liege, Belgium, at the request of the Regional Authority. Its main interest is that it deals with the seismic risk of a city in a low seismicity region. The work involves a hazard study based on the recently defined map of seismicity of Belgium, the definition of the individual vulnerability of buildings, the combination of hazard and vulnerability to define risk and static evaluations of connecting details in non engineered structures. For the evaluation of vulnerability, a simplified screening method has been defined. The main conclusion is that in regions where the Peak Ground Acceleration is higher than 0,1g and the building stock does not possess good structural quality, the seismic risk may be considered high. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic Resistant Composite Structures
Mazzolani, F.; Gioncu, V.; Akiyama, H. et al

in Mazzolani, F.; Gioncu, V. (Eds.) Seismic Resistant Steel Structures (2000)

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See detailReactive compatibilization of SAN/EPR blends: Effect of rubber content and reactivity of the SAN functional groups
Pagnoulle, Christophe; Martin, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2000), 201(16), 2181-2194

SAN containing 20 wt.-% reactive SAN-X was melt blended with EPDM containing 50 wt.-% maleic anhydride EPR grafted chains (EP-g-MA). The rubber content was changed from 15 to 80 wt.-%, and 2 types of ... [more ▼]

SAN containing 20 wt.-% reactive SAN-X was melt blended with EPDM containing 50 wt.-% maleic anhydride EPR grafted chains (EP-g-MA). The rubber content was changed from 15 to 80 wt.-%, and 2 types of reactive groups (X) were attached to SAN (0.028 mol X/ wt.-%), i. e. primary amines and carbamates which are primary amine precursors at the processing temperature. Phase morphology, tensile properties and impact strength depend not only on the rubber content but also on the relative reactivity of the amine and the carbamate groups towards maleic anhydride, in a strong dependence on the reaction rate and the reaction completeness. The dispersion mechanism has been discussed, including formation of sub-inclusions. Dependence of the impact resistance on the rubber phase content for non-reactive blends (□) and blends modified by SAN-NH2 (;) and SAN-carb (o), respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailHeavy Metals Contamination and Body Condition of Wintering Guillemots (Uria Aalge) at the Belgian Coast from 1993 to 1998
Debacker, Virginie ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Coignoul, Freddy ULg et al

in Environmental Research (2000), A84(3), 310-317

A sample of 166 common guillemots (Uria aalge) recovered from Belgian beaches during five wintering seasons, from 1993-1994 to 1997-1998, were examined. At necropsy, postmortem examination including body ... [more ▼]

A sample of 166 common guillemots (Uria aalge) recovered from Belgian beaches during five wintering seasons, from 1993-1994 to 1997-1998, were examined. At necropsy, postmortem examination including body mass, fat reserves, presence or not of intestinal contents, eventual status of oiling, and pathological changes (cachexia, acute hemorrhagic gastroenteropathy (GEAH)) was attributed to each individual. Mild to severe cachexia, a pathology characterized by moderate to severe atrophy of the pectoral muscle as well as reduced amounts or absence of subcutaneous and/or abdominal fat, was observed for most specimens (85.8%). Heavy metal analyses (Cu, Zn, Fe, Cd, Ni, Cr, and Pb) of the tissues (typically liver, kidney, and pectoral muscle) were performed, and total lipids were determined (liver and pectoral muscle). The guillemots collected at the Belgian coast exhibited higher Cu and Zn concentrations compared to individuals collected in more preserved areas of the North Sea such as the northern colonies. A general decrease of their total body mass as well as liver, kidney, and pectoral muscle mass was associated to increasing cachexia severity. Moreover, significantly increasing heavy metal levels (Cu and Zn) in the tissues as well as depleted muscle lipid contents were observed parallel to increasing cachexia severity. On the contrary the organs' total metal burden barely correlates to this status. These observations tend to indicate a general redistribution of heavy metals within the organs as a result of prolonged starvation and protein catabolism (cachectic status). Such a redistribution could well be an additional stress to birds already experiencing stressfull conditions (starvation, oiling). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Dppa Gene of Bacillus Subtilis Encodes a New D-Aminopeptidase
Cheggour, Abdelatif; Fanuel, Laurence; Duez, Colette ULg et al

in Molecular Microbiology (2000), 38(3), 504-13

Different strains of Bacillus were screened for their ability to hydrolyse D-alanyl-p-nitroanilide. Activity was detected in Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus licheniformis 749I and Bacillus ... [more ▼]

Different strains of Bacillus were screened for their ability to hydrolyse D-alanyl-p-nitroanilide. Activity was detected in Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus licheniformis 749I and Bacillus subtilis 168. The last strain was the best producer and was selected for the production and purification of the enzyme. The determination of the N-terminal sequence identified the enzyme as the product of the dppA gene (previously named dciAA) belonging to the dipeptide ABC transport (dpp) operon expressed early during sporulation. Open reading frames (ORFs) encoding putative related proteins were found in the genomes of a variety of Archaea and both sporulating and non-sporulating bacteria. The enzyme behaves as a D-aminopeptidase and represents the prototype of a new peptidase family. Among the tested substrates, the highest activities were found with D-Ala-D-Ala and D-Ala-Gly-Gly. The active enzyme behaves as an octamer of identical 30 kDa subunits. It exhibits a broad pH optimum, extending between pH 9 and 11. It is reversibly inhibited in the presence of Zn2+ chelators, and the sequence comparisons highlight the conservation of potential Zn-binding residues. As it has been shown by others that null mutations in the dpp operon do not inhibit spore formation, the physiological role of DppA is probably an adaptation to nutrient deficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailPowerful Alternative Asymmetric Catalytic Dihydroxylation of Olefins
Colaux, Catherine ULg; Krief, Alain

Poster (2000, November)

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See detailMorbidité de l'acromégalie
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2000, November)

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See detailRacismo y fascismo en la Europa de Hoy
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2000, November)

The development of new far right movements in Europe is an phenomenon that can be linked whith the weakened economic and political position of Europe in the world and with the progressive withdrawal of ... [more ▼]

The development of new far right movements in Europe is an phenomenon that can be linked whith the weakened economic and political position of Europe in the world and with the progressive withdrawal of material protections that offered the social state [less ▲]

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See detailTransition report 2000: Employment, skills and transition
Artige, Lionel ULg

Report (2000)

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See detailSerotype Distribution of Invasive Streptococcus agalactiae Isolated from Neonates and Adults in Belgium over a 4-years Period (1995-1999)
Melin, Pierrette ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg

in Martin, Diana R; Tagg, John R (Eds.) Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases - Entering the New Millenium", Proceedings of the XIV Lancefield International Symposium on Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases (2000)

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See detailAntimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococcus agalactiae Isolated from Patients in Belgium through 1989-1991 and 1996-1999
Melin, Pierrette ULg; Rodriguez Cuns, Grisel; Vicentino Fernandez, Walter et al

in Martin, Diana R; Tagg, John R (Eds.) Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases - Entering the New Millenium", Proceedings of the XIV Lancefield International Symposium on Streptococci and Streptococcal Diseases (2000)

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See detailCan modelling approaches be helpful for karst vulnerability assessment?
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Popescu, Ileana Cristina ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg

Conference (2000, November)

L'objectif de l'exposé était de discuter des possibilité de recourir à la modélisation mathématique des écoulements et du transport des polluants en milieu souterrain pour l'évaluation de la vulnérabilité ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de l'exposé était de discuter des possibilité de recourir à la modélisation mathématique des écoulements et du transport des polluants en milieu souterrain pour l'évaluation de la vulnérabilité des eaux souterraines [less ▲]

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