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See detailMid-term follow-up after multiple system organ failure following cardiac surgery in children.
Heying, R.; SEGHAYE, Marie-Christine ULg; Grabitz, R. G. et al

in Acta Paediatrica (1999), 88(11), 1238-43

Multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children is a severe complication with unknown mid- and long-term sequelae. We therefore evaluated 11 children (aged 20-126 mo, median: 67 mo) having ... [more ▼]

Multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children is a severe complication with unknown mid- and long-term sequelae. We therefore evaluated 11 children (aged 20-126 mo, median: 67 mo) having survived multiple system organ failure after cardiac operations for congenital cardiac defects in a cross-sectional follow-up study 12-76 mo (median: 32 mo) after surgery. Clinical and laboratory examinations included cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurological and psychological function tests. All patients had adequate cardiac function. Lung mechanics were abnormal in three children and glomerular renal function was abnormal in two patients. Slight elevation of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and coagulation factor deficiency was present in six and seven patients, respectively (five of whom had undergone the Fontan operation). Severe neurological sequelae such as diplegia (n = 1) and mental retardation (n = 1) were observed in two patients. In addition, five children presented delayed motor, graphomotor and/or speech development. Two children were found to have abnormal intelligence. We conclude that with the exception of neurological impairment, mid-term sequelae of multiple system organ failure after cardiac surgery in children are mild. However, longer follow-up using an appropriate control group is mandatory. [less ▲]

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See detailLa "culture médiatique" au XIXe siècle
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Les Dossiers de l'ORM (1999), 6

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See detailInfluence of Silicon and Aluminium Contents on the Phase Transformations During the Heat-Treatment of TRIP-assisted Multiphase Steels
Jacques, Pascal; Girault, Etienne; Mertens, Anne ULg et al

in Mideat, S. J.; Pfaffmann, G. D. (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium in honor of Prof. G. Krauss, 19th Heat Treating Society Conference (1999, November)

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See detailApproche cognitive de la mémoire de travail
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Scientific conference (1999, November)

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See detailLa PME et l'entreprise familiale
Van Caillie, Didier ULg

Scientific conference (1999, October 29)

This seminar proposes a detailed overview of the basic management principles that are emerging when managing a SME and, more specifically, a family business. The importance of SMEs in the Belgian economy ... [more ▼]

This seminar proposes a detailed overview of the basic management principles that are emerging when managing a SME and, more specifically, a family business. The importance of SMEs in the Belgian economy, the role of the entrepreneur as an indiividual, the role of the family within the firm and key problems emerging in the day-to-day management of the firm are successively discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe field laboratory in the sugar industry
Melard, François ULg

Conference (1999, October 29)

Abstract for the thematic stream « Disciplines & Instruments » The aim of my intervention concern the implication of a scientific instrument inside an industrial context of usage. The latter takes the ... [more ▼]

Abstract for the thematic stream « Disciplines & Instruments » The aim of my intervention concern the implication of a scientific instrument inside an industrial context of usage. The latter takes the form of various little laboratories situated in the countryside. More precisely, those laboratories are generally situated in the area surronding fields and have the objective to evaluate the weight and the content of saccharose of the sugar beets deliveries ; and this for contractual purposes. The beet testing laboratories constitute a social and technical mediator by which a mode of coordination is temporarly crafted between two groups of actors : the growers and the sugar manufactuers. The instruments of measurment, and more specifically the polariscope, which compose this technological system have the interesting particularities to be submited to the contradictory supervision of both parties. Instead of just being a private place for secret industrial practices, the beet testing laboratory is widely open to public scrutiny. The perpetual negociations that take place inside the laboratories are done according to the « correct » application of a chemical protocol. In that respect, modes of visualisation are produced in order to give form to general values like efficacity, soundness or equity inside concrete procedures. The contradictory control that make the testing of sugar beets operational is conceived here as a dynamic pattern through which the reality of both a natural resource and the commited economical actors, is produced. Measurement as form of coordination is one of the central subjects in the field of the sociology of metrological practices. I will treat some aspects of industrial practices inside those beet testing laboratories in the light of the many ethnographical works done about scientific laboratories. [less ▲]

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See detailSéminaire de thèse
Grodent, Denis ULg

Scientific conference (1999, October 29)

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See detailAlimentation de la vache laitière en début de lactation
Beckers, Yves ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1999)

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See detailControl of pneumonia in calves
Lekeux, Pierre ULg

(1999, October 22)

Respiratory disease is the principal cause of loss of young cattle worldwide. The syndrome arises from a number of factors, including Chose involving the animal, e.g., age, general condition and immune ... [more ▼]

Respiratory disease is the principal cause of loss of young cattle worldwide. The syndrome arises from a number of factors, including Chose involving the animal, e.g., age, general condition and immune statue; ifs environment, e.g., changes in food, temperature and humidity that lead to stress; and the presence of infections agents, e.g., bacteria, viruses and mycoplasmas. The syndrome, in a method preferred by the author, can be classified into four grades: Grade 1, subclinical disease;Grade 2, compensated clinical disease (at this stage, the inflammatriry reaction generated tends to lirait the impact of the disease on thi animal); Grade 3, noncompensated clinical disease (at this stage, the inflamniattxy reaction is excessive and must be controlled); and Grade 4, irrevertibk clinical disease (which threatens the animal's survival). The increase in frequency and economic impact of bovine respiratory disease complex can be correlated with the escalating industrialisation of cattle production. In intensive operations, commingling of animale from multiple sources, exposure to many organisme, stress and management practicgs are all factors that can lead to disease. - The predisposition of cattle, especially beef calves, to respiratory problems is related to their lack of functional pulmonary hardiness. Selection of breeds that demonstrate adequate pulmonary function and sufficient ventilatory reserve may help in the control of the bovine respiratory disease complex, but this approach is difficult to implement and slow to produce results. Prophylactic measures, including vaccination programmes and modifying management practices to reduce stress, also have a place in preventing the bovine respiratory disease complex. Unfortunately, these measures are not always easy to put into operation and cannot completely eradicate the problem. Therapeutic strategies to minimise the economic impact of the syndrome include use of appropriate antibacterial therapy, modulation of the pulmonary inflammatory reaction and correction of mechanical disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailA common mutation (epsilon1267delG) in congenital myasthenic patients of Gypsy ethnic origin
Abicht, A.; Stucka, R.; Karcagi, V. et al

in Neurology (1999), 53(7), 1564-9

OBJECTIVE: Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). BACKGROUND: The nicotinic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). BACKGROUND: The nicotinic AChR of skeletal muscle is a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel that mediates synaptic transmission at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction. Mutations in its gene may cause congenital myasthenic syndromes. A recently described mutation in exon 12 of the AChR epsilon subunit (epsilon1267delG) disrupts the cytoplasmic loop and the fourth transmembrane region (M4) of the AChR epsilon subunit. METHODS: Forty-three CMS patients from 35 nonrelated families were clinically classified as sporadic cases of CMS (group III according to European Neuromuscular Centre consensus) and were analyzed for epsilon1267delG by PCR amplification and sequence analysis. RESULTS: The authors report the complete genomic sequence and organization of the gene coding for the epsilon subunit of the human AChR (accession number AF105999). Homozygous epsilon1267delG was identified in 13 CMS patients from 11 independent families. All epsilon1267delG families were of Gypsy or southeastern European origin. Genotype analysis indicated that they derive from a common ancestor (founder) causing CMS in the southeastern European Gypsy population. Phenotype analysis revealed a uniform pattern of clinical features including bilateral ptosis and mild to moderate fatigable weakness of ocular, facial, bulbar, and limb muscles. CONCLUSIONS: The mutation epsilon1267delG might be frequent in European congenital myasthenic syndrome patients of Gypsy ethnic origin. In general, patients (epsilon1267delG) were characterized by the onset of symptoms in early infancy, the presence of ophthalmoparesis, positive response to anticholinesterase treatment, and the benign natural course of the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLe schéma de développement de l'espace régional
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (1999), 18

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See detailTraçabilité dans la filière animale
Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Haezebroeck, Valérie; Mortiaux, Frédéric et al

Conference (1999, October 20)

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See detailLa loi du 4 mai 1999 instaurant la responsabilité pénale des personnes morales: une extension du filet pénal modalisée
Masset, Adrien ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (1999), 5940(1999), 653-660

Le droit pénal belge, après plus de 130 années de fidélité au principe de l’irresponsabilité pénale des sociétés, vient de bouleverser cette question en adoptant la loi du 4 mai 1999 instaurant la ... [more ▼]

Le droit pénal belge, après plus de 130 années de fidélité au principe de l’irresponsabilité pénale des sociétés, vient de bouleverser cette question en adoptant la loi du 4 mai 1999 instaurant la responsabilité pénale des personnes morales: les sociétés et groupements peuvent être sanctionnés de peines en cumul ou non avec les personnes physiques au travers desquelles ils ont agi. [less ▲]

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