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See detailEffects of Brain Testosterone Implants on Appetitive and Consummatory Components of Male Sexual Behavior in Japanese Quail
Riters, L. V.; Absil, Philippe ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Brain Research Bulletin (1998), 47(1), 69-79

Aromatization of testosterone (T) into an estrogen is necessary for the activation of consummatory and appetitive sexual behavior in male Japanese quail. T action within the medial preoptic nucleus (POM ... [more ▼]

Aromatization of testosterone (T) into an estrogen is necessary for the activation of consummatory and appetitive sexual behavior in male Japanese quail. T action within the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) is necessary and sufficient to activate consummatory behavior, and some evidence suggests that POM might be involved in the control of appetitive behavior, but other brain regions, such as the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST), an area that contains a dense population of aromatase-immunoreactive neurons, are also likely to be involved. This study was performed to assess the effects of stereotaxic T implants targeting either the POM or the BST on the activation of both components of sexual behavior in castrated male quail. Appetitive sexual behavior was measured by an acquired social proximity response in which a male will approach a window providing visual access to a female after the window has been repeatedly paired with physical access to a female and the possibility to freely interact with her. Rhythmic cloacal sphincter movements that are produced by the male when given visual access to a female were used as another measure of appetitive sexual behavior that does not appear to depend on sexual learning. The experiments confirmed that copulation is necessary for males to develop the social proximity response that is used to measure the appetitive sexual behavior. T implants in the POM activated both components of sexual behavior, suggesting that these components cannot be completely dissociated. In contrast, T implants located within the BST did not affect either component, but because implants in the BST did not activate copulatory behavior, these results do not preclude a role for BST in the expression of a previously acquired appetitive sexual behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectrophotometric Monitoring of Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp): Pre- and Post-Perihelion
Rauer, H.; Helbert, J.; Arpigny, Claude ULg et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (1998, September 01)

Spectrophotometric observations of comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) were performed at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Chile. From April to September 1996 its gaseous activity was monitored over a ... [more ▼]

Spectrophotometric observations of comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) were performed at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), Chile. From April to September 1996 its gaseous activity was monitored over a heliocentric distance range from 4.6 AU to 2.9 AU. The monitoring is continued on Hale-Bopp's outbound path since September 1997 and covers up to now 3 AU to 5 AU heliocentric distance. Medium resolution spectra in the optical wavelength range from about 350 nm to 700 nm were taken at the 1.54m Danish and the 1.52m ESO telescope. Emission bands of the CN, C_3, C_2 and NH_2 radicals can be followed over the comet's orbit. We will present a first analysis of the post-perihelion activity evolution and compare to the pre-perihelion path. Currently, at 4.7 AU on the outbound path, we still see emission of CN, C_3, C_2 and NH_2. The production rate of CN showed a sudden increase around this heliocentric distance pre-perihelion (Rauer et al., Science 275, 1909). The post-perihelion activity evolution of CN and the other observed radicals in this distance range will be evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailCytokines in the feto-maternal relationship
Geenen, Vincent ULg

Conference (1998, September)

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See detailEffective Iterative Solvers for Highly Non-Linear & Large Deformation Pressure Dependent Problems
Boman, Romain ULg; Colantonio, Laurent; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Van Keer, R.; Verhegghe, B.; Hogge, M. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of ACOMEN'98, Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering, part 2: Contributed papers (1998, September)

In this paper, we present a stress update scheme for non-deviatoric elastoviscoplastic models, which can be considered as an extension of the radial return method for classical plasticity. We use the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present a stress update scheme for non-deviatoric elastoviscoplastic models, which can be considered as an extension of the radial return method for classical plasticity. We use the unconditionally stable backward Euler scheme to obtain the viscoplastic solution at each increment. To solve the large sparse non symmetric iteration matrix, we use the GMRES method. This fast iterative solver, in conjunction with an appropriate preconditioner, can save a lot a memory and CPU time when 3D problem are considered. A comparison between direct and iterative solvers will be discussed on two applications of cold compaction of powders. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel 2-oxo-2H-benzopyran derivatives as inhibitors of human leukocyte elastase
Pochet, L.; Doucet, C.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (1998, September)

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See detailTransglutaminase-Mediated Oligomerization of Galectin-3 Modulates Human Melanoma Cell Interactions with Laminin
van den Brule, F. A.; Liu, F. T.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg

in Cell Adhesion and Communication (1998), 5(6), 425-35

Tumor cell adhesion and migration to laminin are important events during invasion and metastatic spread. Galectin-3, a multifunctional member of the galectin family, binds specifically the poly-N ... [more ▼]

Tumor cell adhesion and migration to laminin are important events during invasion and metastatic spread. Galectin-3, a multifunctional member of the galectin family, binds specifically the poly-N-acetyllactosamine residues of laminin and has been implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis. Galectin-3 is multimerized by transglutaminase, an enzyme that catalyzes cross-linking between glutamine and other aminoacid residues. In this study, we examined the consequences of transglutaminase-mediated galectin-3 oligomerization on the interactions between cancer cells and laminin. We first demonstrated that human galectin-3 is cross-linked by guinea pig liver transglutaminase, forms oligomers, and incorporates the marker 5-(biotinamido) pentylamine. Expression of transglutaminase activity in the A375 and A2058 human melanoma cell extracts was revealed by its ability to induce galectin-3 oligomerization and 5-(biotinamido) pentylamine incorporation. Transglutaminase-treated galectin-3 did not affect adhesion or migration of the melanoma cells to laminin but consistently induced a significant increase of the percentage of cell spreading compared to the control (23.5 +/- 2.3%, vs. 10.6 +/- 1.9% at 180 min, p < 0.05), or to untreated galectin-3 or transglutaminase alone. Our study is the first demonstration that human galectin-3 is oligomerized by transglutaminase with, as a consequence, a specific effect of melanoma cell spreading on laminin. This phenomenon could be of significance in the modulation of cancer cell interactions with laminin during tumor invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailSystème d'Information Multimédia de Gestion Environnementale des Communes
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Navez, J.-C.

Report (1998)

The principal goal of the study is to equip the small ones and common averages, of the computer tools of which they miss as regards management of the environment, and in particular in the following fields ... [more ▼]

The principal goal of the study is to equip the small ones and common averages, of the computer tools of which they miss as regards management of the environment, and in particular in the following fields: - the quality of the built medium, public spaces and the landscapes; - the consumption of energy of heating in the public buildings and the management of public lighting; - draining, the cleansing, the management of the cycle of water; - the waste harvest and processing. [less ▲]

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See detailSensus communis
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in De Vlaamse Gids (1998), 82(4), 13-15

This article is a critical reflection on the literary views held by the Dutch postwar poet Rutger Kopland.

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See detailAttachment but Not Penetration of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Is Necessary to Induce Apoptosis in Target Cells
Hanon, Emmanuel; Meyer, Gilles; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Virology (1998), 72(9), 7638-41

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and B-lymphoma cells. Using a BHV-1 glycoprotein H null mutant, we have demonstrated that although ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and B-lymphoma cells. Using a BHV-1 glycoprotein H null mutant, we have demonstrated that although penetration of BHV-1 is not required, attachment of BHV-1 viral particles is essential for the induction of apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailMixed monolayers of gluten-emulsifiers at the air-water interface.
Balla, A.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Razafindralambo, Hary ULg et al

Poster (1998, September)

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See detailSupramolecular organization of model liquid crystalline ionomers
Gohy, Jean-François; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Van den Bossche, Guy ULg et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1998), 199(9), 1791-1799

A mesogenic cation was associated with low molecular weight carboxylato- and sulfonato(se-mi)telechelic polymers. These compounds were prepared by ion-exchange of the quaternary ammonium group attached to ... [more ▼]

A mesogenic cation was associated with low molecular weight carboxylato- and sulfonato(se-mi)telechelic polymers. These compounds were prepared by ion-exchange of the quaternary ammonium group attached to the mesogen for the metal counterion of the halato(semi)telechelic polymer. The accordingly formed liquid crystalline halato(semi)telechelic polymers (LC H(S)TP's) were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized-light optical microscopy (POM), and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). On the basis of these experimental results, a model for the supramolecular organization of the LC H(S)TP's is proposed. The final morphology results from the interplay of two competitive effects: the dipolar interaction of the ion-pairs known for multiplet formation and the propensity of the mesogenic moiety to form mesophases. The outcome of this competition depends on the mobility of the mesogenic counterion, i.e., on the strength of the dipolar interactions, the mobility of the polymer backbone and the mesogen/poly-mer ratio which is controlled by the molecular weight of the polymer. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration isocinétique de la relation tension longueur musculaire
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Camus, Gérard; Ledent, M. et al

in Archives of Physiology & Biochemistry (1998, September), 106(Suppl B), 128

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See detailOcclusion dentaire : retentissement sur la force musculaire
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Jalali, R.; Fernandez-Moreno, S. et al

in Archives of Physiology & Biochemistry (1998, September), 106(Suppl B), 154

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (1 ULg)