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See detailEffects of Dobutamine on Isovolumic and Ejection Phase Indices of Cardiac Contractility in Conscious Healthy Dogs
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Pypendop, B. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1998), 64(1, Jan-Feb), 45-50

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was recorded together with left ventricular pressure and volume which were measured using a conductance catheter with an integrated microtip pressure sensor. Eight indices of left ventricular systolic performance were derived from these records. Measurements were realised under basal conditions and during an incremental dobutamine challenge. The maximal rate of rise in ventricular pressure (max dP/dt), max dP/dt divided by the developed pressure and the mean systolic ejection rate were the most sensitive indices to detect dobutamine induced changes in contractility with maximal percentage changes of 122+/-11 per cent, 130+/-7 per cent and 102+/-24 per cent respectively. Ejection fraction increased significantly during dobutamine infusion (maximal percentage change of 43+/-9 per cent) whereas the pre-ejection period (PEP) and the left ventricular ejection time (LVET) decreased significantly (maximal percentage change of -41+/-2 per cent and -28+/-3 per cent respectively). All these six indices were significantly correlated with each other. Conversely, the ratio PEP/LVET and the LVET corrected for heart rate dependency showed a maximal percentage change of only -10+/-1 per cent and -16+/-7 per cent, respectively, during the dobutamine infusion and were not significantly correlated with the other contractility indices. This study demonstrated the feasibility of the conductance method to determine cardiac contractility in conscious healthy dogs submitted to a pharmacological stress testing and provides control values for eight indices of left ventricular contractility during dobutamine infusion at increasing dosages. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for behavioral sensitization to cocaine in preweanling rat pups
Wood, R. D.; Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Snyder, K. J. et al

in Psychopharmacologia (1998), 138(2), 114-123

Sought to determine whether promoting context-dependent sensitization might facilitate expression of sensitization in preweanlings. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected daily from postnatal day 14 to ... [more ▼]

Sought to determine whether promoting context-dependent sensitization might facilitate expression of sensitization in preweanlings. Sprague-Dawley rats were injected daily from postnatal day 14 to postnatal day 20 with 0, 5, 15, or 30 mg/kg cocaine hydrochloride and placed for 30 min in either the experimental chamber or home cage. On postnatal day 21 (test day), Ss were challenged with either 15 mg/kg cocaine or saline prior to placement in the experimental chamber. Significant sensitization of cocaine-induced stereotyped head movements was evident in animals given 15 or 30 mg/kg chronically in the experimental chamber, but not when these same doses were given in the home cage. Less consistent evidence for cocaine-induced sensitization was seen when examining locomotion, although trends for sensitization of this behavior were seen in animals chronically injected in either the test chamber or home cage. Thus, preweanlings can exhibit cocaine sensitization, particularly in terms of stereotypy, when tested shortly after the chronic exposure period, with expression of this sensitization being facilitated by pairing the chronic injections with the test context. ((c) 1998 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved) [less ▲]

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See detailLe Robinier faux acacia.
Jourez, Benoît ULg

in Courrier du Bois (1998), 38(120), 13-20

Le Robinier est une essence méconnue en Belgique dont l’emploi se limite bien souvent à la fixation des talus ou à l’ornementation des parcs et avenues. Cette espèce présente, cependant, de multiples ... [more ▼]

Le Robinier est une essence méconnue en Belgique dont l’emploi se limite bien souvent à la fixation des talus ou à l’ornementation des parcs et avenues. Cette espèce présente, cependant, de multiples caractéristiques susceptibles de rencontrer un grand intérêt auprès des sylviculteurs et des utilisateurs de bois. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Ketoprofen on Paf-Induced Bovine Platelet Aggregation
Bastos da Silva, Miriam; Gustin, Pascal ULg; Herion, Francine ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (1998), 155(2), 201-203

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See detailThe radial glial cell antigen recognized by the RC2 antibody is an intermediate-filament associated protein
Chanas-Sacré, G; Leprince, P; Lewin, M et al

Poster (1998)

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See detailPleidooi voor en civilistische aanpak van overeenkomsten gesloten in het kader van overheidsopdrachten
Boularbah, Hakim ULg; Ronse, K.

in Chroniques de Droit Public = Publiekrechtelijke Kronieken (1998)

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See detailImpact of different environmental managements on spatial distribution of ventilation in COPD horses
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg et al

in Plügers Archives European Journal of Physiology (1998)

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See detailPour des services d'accueil de qualité : quel accompagnement ?
Thirion, Anne-Marie; Pirard, Florence ULg

in Accompagnement - a milestone toward quality. Differents ways of providing mentoring support in Europe (1998)

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See detailTraitement ultime du diabete de type 2: insulinotherapie intensive ou chirurgie bariatrique?
Scheen, André ULg; Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Triches, K. et al

in Journées Annuelles de Diabetologie de l'Hôtel-Dieu (1998)

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See detailA pore mutation in a novel KQT-like potassium channel gene in an idiopathic epilepsy family.
Charlier, Carole ULg; Singh, N. A.; Ryan, S. G. et al

in Nature Genetics (1998), 18(1), 53-5

Epileptic disorders affect about 20-40 million people worldwide, and 40% of these are idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs; ref. 1). Most of the IGEs that are inherited are complex, multigenic diseases ... [more ▼]

Epileptic disorders affect about 20-40 million people worldwide, and 40% of these are idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs; ref. 1). Most of the IGEs that are inherited are complex, multigenic diseases. To address basic mechanisms for epilepsies, we have focused on one well-defined class of IGEs with an autosomal-dominant mode of inheritance: the benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC; refs 2,3). Genetic heterogeneity of BFNC has been observed. Two loci, EBN1 and EBN2, have been mapped by linkage analysis to chromosome 20q13 (refs 5,6) and chromosome 8q24 (refs 7,8), respectively. By positional cloning, we recently identified the gene for EBN1 as KCNQ2 (ref. 9). This gene, a voltage-gated potassium channel, based on homology, is a member of the KQT-like family. Here we describe an additional member, KCNQ3. We mapped this new gene to chromosome 8, between markers D8S256 and D8S284 on a radiation hybrid map. We screened KCNQ3 for mutations in the large BFNC family previously linked to chromosome 8q24 in the same marker interval. We found a missense mutation in the critical pore region in perfect co-segregation with the BFNC phenotype. The same conserved amino acid is also mutated in KVLQT1 (KCNQ1) in an LQT patient. KCNQ2, KCNQ3 and undiscovered genes of the same family of K+ channels are strong candidates for other IGEs. [less ▲]

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See detailTumour necrosis factor (TNF) gene polymorphism influences TNF-alpha production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated whole blood cell culture in healthy humans.
Louis, Edouard ULg; Franchimont, D.; Piron, Anne ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (1998), 113(3), 401-406

TNF-alpha is involved in infectious and immuno-inflammatory diseases. Different individuals may have different capacities for TNF-alpha production. This might determine a predisposition to develop some ... [more ▼]

TNF-alpha is involved in infectious and immuno-inflammatory diseases. Different individuals may have different capacities for TNF-alpha production. This might determine a predisposition to develop some complications or phenotypes of these diseases. The aims of our study were to assess the inter-individual variability of TNF-alpha production and to correlate this variability to a single base pair polymorphism located at position -308 in TNF gene. We studied 62 healthy individuals. TNF-alpha production after LPS stimulation was evaluated using a whole blood cell culture model. The TNF gene polymorphism was studied by an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. Other cytokines produced in the culture, soluble CD14 concentrations and expression of CD14 on blood cells were also measured. Among the 62 individuals, 57 were successfully genotyped. There were 41 TNF1 homozygotes and 16 TNF1/TNF2 heterozygotes. TNF-alpha production after LPS stimulation of whole blood cell culture was higher among TNF2 carriers than among TNFI homozygotes (929pg/ml (480-1473pg/ml) versus 521 pg/ ml (178-1307 pg/ml); P<0.05). This difference was even more significant after correction of TNF-alpha production for CD14 expression on blood cells. In conclusion, the single base pair polymorphism at position -308 in the TNF gene may influence TNF-alpha production in healthy individuals. [less ▲]

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See detailLes thiazolidinediones : quel avenir dans le traitement du diabète de type 2 ?
SCHEEN, André ULg; PAQUOT, Nicolas ULg; LETIEXHE, Michel ULg et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (1998), 56

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See detailEffects of regular or lispro insulin on glucose metabolism after an oral glucose load in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
PAQUOT, Nicolas ULg; Schneiter, Ph; Ruiz, J. et al

in Diabetes (1998), 47(suppl 1), 3

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See detailLes bâtiments de l’abbaye du Val-Dieu
Eeckhout, Jérôme ULg

in Le Val-Dieu. Une abbaye, un ordre, une histoire (1998)

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See detailConstruction de tarifs de cubage d'arbres pour l’aulne glutineux (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.).
Thibaut, André; Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1998), 2(3), 203-213

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See detailLe grattoir-herminette dans le Groupe de Blicquy : approche expérimentale
Caspar, Jean-Paul; Burnez-Lanotte, Laurence; Rots, Veerle ULg

in INTERNEO (1998), 2

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See detailScale relativity and quantization of the solar system - Orbit quantization of the planet's satellites
Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Schumacher, G.; Guyard, R.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1998), 335(1), 281-286

In a first paper Nottale, Schumacher and Gay have given the bases of the Scale Relativity theory applied to the gravitational field, which leads to the quantization of the solar system. In the present ... [more ▼]

In a first paper Nottale, Schumacher and Gay have given the bases of the Scale Relativity theory applied to the gravitational field, which leads to the quantization of the solar system. In the present paper we show that one more class of objects of the solar system satisfy the rule of quantization, this class including the main satellites and rings of the outer planets. We also give a classification of the satellites by rank, showing that one can predict the existence of certain orbits that are not occupied, or whose objects are not yet discovered. [less ▲]

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