References of "1997"
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See detailTemporality and actionality in Egyptian (Middle and Late Egyptian)
Winand, Jean ULg

Scientific conference (1997, November 06)

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See detailAmélioration de l'efficacité de l'azote dan sla production fourragère et sa valorisation par les ruminants
Beckers, Yves ULg; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Decruyenaere, Virginie et al

Scientific conference (1997, November 05)

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See detailThe boundary of "life" for a self-organized critical evolution: the role of the interaction range
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (1997), 245(3-4), 494-502

The dynamics of a tree-like evolution is investigated as a function of the range ii of the interactions between competing entities which are located at the extremities of the branches. Speciation ... [more ▼]

The dynamics of a tree-like evolution is investigated as a function of the range ii of the interactions between competing entities which are located at the extremities of the branches. Speciation (branching) events are supposed to be driven by extremal dynamics. Extinction events are allowed and controlled by a parameter r. a transition between self-organized critical and frozen evolution occurs at some well-defined critical value r(c)(k). Surprisingly, the critical r(c) value behaves as a power of the range k(r(c) similar to k(-delta)) with an exponent S = -0.46+/-0.03. Moreover, the asymptotic case k = +infinity is herein exactly solved. The dynamics for k = +infinity is not critical and does not present any transition in contrast with finite k cases. [less ▲]

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See detailObserved Periods of Ap and Bp stars (Catalano+ 1998)
Catalano, F. A.; Renson, Pierre ULg

in VizieR Online Data Catalog (1997), 3199

A catalogue of all the periods published up to 31 October 1996 on 364 CP stars is presented; it supersedes the previous version (catalog <III/152>). The paper version (catalog.tex) is arranged in three ... [more ▼]

A catalogue of all the periods published up to 31 October 1996 on 364 CP stars is presented; it supersedes the previous version (catalog <III/152>). The paper version (catalog.tex) is arranged in three tables: the bulk of the data, i.e. those referring to CP2, CP3, and CP4 stars, are given in Table 1, while the data concerning He-strong stars are given in Table 2 and those for eclipsing or ellipsoidal variables are collected in Table 3. Notes are also provided at the end of each table, mainly about duplicities. The machine-readable version was arranged in two main parts: the main parameters of the 364 stars (identifiers and names, positions, spectral types, magnitudes and peculiarities) are tabulated in the file 'stars'; periods and the of the observed variations (light, spectrum, magnetic field, etc.) are listed in the 'periods' file. Two other files contains the notes and the references. (3 data files). [less ▲]

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See detailQuasar polarization (Hutsemekers 1998)
Hutsemekers, Damien ULg

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (1997)

The table contains optical polarization data for a sample of 170 moderate to high-redshift quasars (1 data file).

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See detailOptical Spectroscopy of EZ Canis Majoris: Indication for Large-Scale Structures in a Wolf-Rayet Wind
Morel, Thierry ULg; St-Louis, Nicole; Marchenko, Sergey V

in Astrophysical Journal (1997), 489

In the paper "Optical Spectroscopy of EZ Canis Majoris: Indication for Large-Scale Structures in a Wolf-Rayet Wind" by Thierry Morel, Nicole St-Louis, and Sergey V. Marchenko (ApJ, 482, 470 [1997]), there ... [more ▼]

In the paper "Optical Spectroscopy of EZ Canis Majoris: Indication for Large-Scale Structures in a Wolf-Rayet Wind" by Thierry Morel, Nicole St-Louis, and Sergey V. Marchenko (ApJ, 482, 470 [1997]), there are several errors that should be corrected. In the legends to Figures 3 and 6 and on page 483, 55% should read 99%. The revised version of Figure 12 given here replaces Figure 12 in the paper. [less ▲]

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See detailL'hyperaldostéronisme primaire. Mise au point et traitement raisonnés.
Baudoin, Béatrice ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg; Defechereux, Thierry et al

in Revue Française d'Endocrinologie Clinique, Nutrition, et Métabolisme (La) (1997), 38(6), 555-568

Depuis la découverte par Jérôme Conn, en 1954, de l'adénome sécréteur d'aldostérone (ou aldostéronome), neuf variétés ou associations particulières d'hyperaldostéronisme primaire ont été décrites. La ... [more ▼]

Depuis la découverte par Jérôme Conn, en 1954, de l'adénome sécréteur d'aldostérone (ou aldostéronome), neuf variétés ou associations particulières d'hyperaldostéronisme primaire ont été décrites. La manifestation principale de ce désordre endocrinien est l'hypertension artérielle, réfractaire aux thérapeutiques habituelles. Cependant, certains types d'hyperaldostéronisme sont sensibles à la chirurgie qui éradique cette hypertension et ses conséquences. Il importe donc de distinguer ces différentes variétés grâce aux moyens d'investigations actuellement à notre disposition afin d'appliquer le traitement le plus judicieux dans chaque cas. [less ▲]

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See detailOceanological applications of stable isotope ratios
Dauby, Patrick ULg

Scientific conference (1997, November)

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See detailHsv-1 Thymidine Kinase Gene Therapy for Colorectal Adenocarcinoma-Derived Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
Lechanteur, Chantal ULg; Princen, Frédéric; Lo Bue, S. et al

in Gene Therapy (1997), 4(11), 1189-94

Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a common clinical situation which, in most cases, cannot be eradicated by surgery or chemotherapy. The feasibility of an HSV-TK-based suicide gene therapy for peritoneal ... [more ▼]

Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a common clinical situation which, in most cases, cannot be eradicated by surgery or chemotherapy. The feasibility of an HSV-TK-based suicide gene therapy for peritoneal carcinomatosis induced by DHD/K12 colon carcinoma cells was investigated. DHD/K12 cells stably expressing the tk gene were killed in vitro in the presence of low concentrations of ganciclovir, they exhibited a 'bystander effect' when mixed with TK-negative cells. BD-IX rats injected intraperitoneally, either directly or after surgical peritoneal irritations, with DHD/K12 cells developed peritoneal carcinomatosis within 2 weeks. Ganciclovir treatment of animals injected with DHD/K12-TK cells allowed a significant reduction of the tumor volume as well as a prolonged survival. Of these animals 35-40% showed a long-term disease-free survival after ganciclovir therapy. Residual or relapsing tumors could be explained by a low expression of the transgene as demonstrated by RT-PCR. [less ▲]

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See detailPredegenerated Nerve Allografts Versus Fresh Nerve Allografts in Nerve Repair
Dubuisson, A. S.; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Reznik, Michel ULg et al

in Experimental Neurology (1997), 148(1), 378-87

This study reevaluated the possibility of using predegenerated nerves as donor nerve allografts for nerve repair and compared the results of functional recovery to those obtained after standard, fresh ... [more ▼]

This study reevaluated the possibility of using predegenerated nerves as donor nerve allografts for nerve repair and compared the results of functional recovery to those obtained after standard, fresh nerve allograft repair. Twenty donor rats underwent a ligature/ section of the left sciatic nerve 4 weeks before nerve graft harvesting. Forty recipient rats underwent severing of the left sciatic nerve leaving a 15-mm gap between the nerve stumps. Graft repair was undertaken using either the predegenerated left sciatic nerve of the 20 donor rats (predegenerated group, 20 recipient rats) or the normal right sciatic nerve of the 20 donor rats (fresh group, 20 recipient rats). Recovery of function was assessed by gait analysis, electrophysiologic testing and histologic studies. Walking tracks measurements at 2 and 3 months, electromyography parameters at 2 and 3 months, peroperative nerve conduction velocity and nerve action potential amplitude measurements at 3 months, as well as assessments of myelinated nerve fiber density and surface of myelination showed that fresh and predegenerated nerve grafts induced a comparable return of function although there was some trend in higher electrophysiologic values in the predegenerated group. The only slight but significant difference was a larger mean nerve fiber diameter in the nerve segment distal to a predegenerated nerve graft compared to a fresh nerve graft. Although our study does not show a dramatic long-term advantage for predegenerated nerve grafts compared to fresh nerve grafts, their use as prosthetic material is encouraging. [less ▲]

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See detailSciatic Nerve Regeneration through Venous or Nervous Grafts in the Rat
Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Dubuisson, Annie ULg; Lejeune, André ULg et al

in Experimental Neurology (1997), 148(1), 236-46

This study analyses the interest of isologous venous grafts filled with saline or with Schwann cells versus nerve grafts as guides for regeneration of the sciatic nerve in 35 Wistar rats ... [more ▼]

This study analyses the interest of isologous venous grafts filled with saline or with Schwann cells versus nerve grafts as guides for regeneration of the sciatic nerve in 35 Wistar rats. Electrophysiological parameters (conduction velocities and distal latencies of motor responses) and the functional index of De Medinacelli were measured several times from 1 month to 1 year after surgery. An histological analysis was performed on 2 control rats and on 3 rats killed 6 or 12 months after surgery: the total number of fibers was counted on a montage photoprint of the whole nerve, and the diameters of axons and the thickness of the myelin sheath were measured on digitized images. With a portion of nerve as guide, the regeneration is faster than with a vein. However, regeneration after 6 months is at least as good with a venous graft filled with Schwann cells, as assessed by electrophysiological, functional, and histological analysis. The addition of Schwann cells in grafted veins allows the nerve to regenerate through longer gaps than previously described (25 vs 15 mm). In order to assess the quality of nerve regeneration, functional, electrophysiological, and histological analysis are complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailL'aorte thoracique, source sous-estimée d'accidents ischémiques cérébraux
Hoffer, E.; Appeltants, H.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(11), 736-7

See detailDifunctional initiator based on 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene. 7. Mechanical and thermal properties of new butadiene-based thermoplastic elastomers
Yu, Y. S.; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Rubber Chemistry and Technology (1997, November), 70(5), 820-838

Mechanical and thermal properties of SBS thermoplastic elastomers, in which S stands for polystyrene and B for polybutadiene, can be remarkably improved through end-capping by syndiotactic poly(methyl ... [more ▼]

Mechanical and thermal properties of SBS thermoplastic elastomers, in which S stands for polystyrene and B for polybutadiene, can be remarkably improved through end-capping by syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) sequences. Furthermore, the upper service temperature of these sPMMA teleblock copolymers can also be enhanced by blending with isotactic PMMA so that the rubbery PBD soft segments are connected to high-melting stereocomplexed hard segments. The factors which affect the mechanical and thermal properties of these novel thermoplastic elastomers have been extensively investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailNew polybutadiene-based thermoplastic elastomers: synthesis, morphology and mechanical properties
Dubois, Philippe ULg; Yu, Y. S.; Teyssié, Philippe et al

in Rubber Chemistry and Technology (1997, November), 70(5), 714-726

Well defined poly[styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene] block copolymers (SBS) end-capped with poly(t-butyl methacrylate) (PtBMA) and poly(methacrylic acid) (PMA) outer blocks, respectively, have been ... [more ▼]

Well defined poly[styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene] block copolymers (SBS) end-capped with poly(t-butyl methacrylate) (PtBMA) and poly(methacrylic acid) (PMA) outer blocks, respectively, have been synthesized by the sequential anionic polymerization of butadiene, styrene and tBMA, followed by the selective hydrolysis of the PtBMA blocks into the corresponding PMA blocks. The structure-property relationships of these new thermoplastic elastomers have been investigated, with a special emphasis on the effect of the ester or acid outer blocks on the bulk properties. As a rule, tensile strength is improved by increasing the length of the ester or acid outer blocks from 0 to 140 methacrylic units. Dipole-dipole intermolecular interaction of the PtBMA blocks and hydrogen bonding of the PMA blocks may account for enhanced mechanical properties. However, too high a degree of strong intermolecular interactions can constitute a deterrent to good phase separation. This is supported by morphological observations and loss in tensile properties when the relative content of the ester or acid outer blocks exceeds some critical value. In the case of a high acid content, DSC analysis shows two thermal transitions at -70 ??C and 230 ??C for PBD and PMA blocks, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Perfluorocarbon Emulsions on Cultured Human Endothelial Cells
Mathy-Hartert, M.; Krafft, M. P.; Deby, Christiane ULg et al

in Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, & Immobilization Biotechnology (1997), 25(6), 563-75

Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and their emulsions (PFCEs) were used in organ preservation before transplantation, but not in organ perfusion. Our purpose was to achieve organ perfusion with a PFCE at room ... [more ▼]

Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and their emulsions (PFCEs) were used in organ preservation before transplantation, but not in organ perfusion. Our purpose was to achieve organ perfusion with a PFCE at room temperature or at 37 degrees C, i. e. with oxygenation, to prevent damages related to reoxygenation after hypoxia. Therefore, we first investigated the effect of such emulsions on endothelial cells, the first cells to be in contact with the emulsion. A stem emulsion was prepared from perfluorooctyl bromide (90% w/v), emulsified with egg yolk phospholipids (2% w/v) and stabilized with a mixed fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon "molecular dowel" (1.4% w/v) (droplets of ca 0.2 micron in diameter). This emulsion was found to be stable when diluted with cell culture media or organ preservation fluids. Endothelial cells from human umbilical vein (HUVECs) were cultured in multiwell plates in M199 medium (with growth factors, 10% foetal calf serum and 5% human serum). Confluent cells were incubated overnight with 51Cr, washed and overlayed with M199 (control) or the above PFCE diluted 2x or 4x with M199 (test). After incubation, the cytotoxicity of the PFCEs was estimated by measuring 51Cr release and observing cell morphology by electron and light microscopy. The percentages of released 51Cr were identical to those of the control cells for the 2x, 3x or 4x diluted PFCEs at 4, 25 or 37 degrees C. After return to the M199 medium, the cells grew and multiplied normally. We conclude that the diluted PFCEs were devoid of cytotoxicity. The 2x diluted PFCE was however partially taken up by the cells: by microscopy, we observed intracellular PFC droplets and by density gradient analysis we found a slight increase in cellular density. The diluted PFCEs were compared to classical organ preservation solutions : HUVECs were incubated with UW (University of Wisconsin) or EC (EuroCollins) solutions at +4 and 37 degrees C (3, 17 or 24 h of incubation). The solutions were observed to be toxic to the cells under these conditions, with cell mortality after return to the M199 medium. This cytotoxicity may be attributed to the high K+ concentration of UW and EC, since similar assays performed on HUVECs with Hank's solution adjusted to 100 mM K+ showed a similar % of 51Cr release. UW and EC are therefore not acceptable as dilution media for PFCEs. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple Redox Regulation in Nf-Kappab Transcription Factor Activation
Piette, Jacques ULg; Piret, Bernard; Bonizzi, Giuseppina et al

in Biological Chemistry (1997), 378(11), 1237-45

The well-known Rel/NF-kappaB family of vertebrate transcription factors comprises a number of structurally related, interacting proteins that bind DNA as dimers and whose activity is regulated by ... [more ▼]

The well-known Rel/NF-kappaB family of vertebrate transcription factors comprises a number of structurally related, interacting proteins that bind DNA as dimers and whose activity is regulated by subcellular location. This family includes many members (p50, p52, RelA, RelB, c-Rel, ...), most of which can form DNA-binding homo- or hetero-dimers. All Rel proteins contain a highly conserved domain of approximately 300 amino-acids, called the Rel homology domain (RH), which contains sequences necessary for the formation of dimers, nuclear localization, DNA binding and IkappaB binding. Nuclear expression and consequent biological action of the eukaryotic NF-kappaB transcription factor complex are tightly regulated through its cytoplasmic retention by ankyrin-rich inhibitory proteins known as IkappaB. The IkappaB proteins include a group of related proteins that interact with Rel dimers and regulate their activities. The interaction of a given IkappaB protein with a Rel complex can affect the Rel complex in distinct ways. In the best characterized example, IkappaB-alpha interacts with a p50/RelA (NF-kappaB) heterodimer to retain the complex in the cytoplasm and inhibit its DNA-binding activity. The NF-kappaB/IkappaB-alpha complex is located in the cytoplasm of most resting cells, but can be rapidly induced to enter the cell nucleus. Upon receiving a variety of signals, many of which are probably mediated by the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), IkappaB-alpha undergoes phosphorylation at serine residues by a ubiquitin-dependent protein kinase, is then ubiquitinated at nearby lysine residues and finally degraded by the proteasome, probably while still complexed with NF-kappaB. Removal of IkappaB-alpha uncovers the nuclear localization signals on subunits of NF-kappaB, allowing the complex to enter the nucleus, bind to DNA and affect gene expression. Like proinflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL-1, TNF), various ROS (peroxides, singlet oxygen, ...) as well as UV (C to A) light are capable of mediating NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, while the sensor molecules which are sensitive to these agents and trigger IkappaB-alpha proteolysis are still unidentified. We also show that a ROS-independent mechanism is activated by IL-1beta in epithelial cells and seems to involve the acidic sphingomyelinase/ceramide transduction pathway. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Rise Navigation Locks - Feasibility Study of 80 m and 113 m Rise Locks
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Marchal, Jean ULg; Rodriguez, S.

in VII Congreso Nacional de Hidraulica (1997, November)

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See detailEvaluation isocinétique concentrique du genou chez le patient gonarthrosique
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Dumont, R. et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires (1997, November), 11

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See detailIntérêt de l'effort excentrique dans la rééducation des tendinopathies
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Actes du colloque «La pathologie du tendon d'Achille» (1997, November)

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