References of "1996"
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See detailCardiac Performance in Conscious Healthy Dogs During Dobutamine Infusion
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Pypendop, B. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1996), 61(3), 234-9

The aim of this study was to determine the cardiac performance of conscious healthy dogs during stimulation with dobutamine. Eight healthy unsedated beagle dogs were used. Cardiac output was measured by ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the cardiac performance of conscious healthy dogs during stimulation with dobutamine. Eight healthy unsedated beagle dogs were used. Cardiac output was measured by the thermodilution technique and blood pressures by extravascular pressure transducers. Dobutamine challenge at a dosage ranging from 27.5 to 50 micrograms kg-1 min-1 induced a significant rise in cardiac power index (CPI), cardiac index (CI), stroke index (SI) and heart rate (HR) and a significant decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR). The highest CPI was 2.05 times greater than its basal resting value. The CI was primarily responsible for this increase in CPI. The SI and HR contributed approximately 55 per cent and 45 per cent respectively of the maximal increase in CI. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine Herpesvirus 4: Genomic Organization and Relationship with Two Other Gammaherpesviruses, Epstein-Barr Virus and Herpesvirus Saimiri
Lomonte, P.; Bublot, M.; van Santen, V. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 79-89

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) belongs to the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. Although the whole sequence of BHV-4 genome is not known it was possible, based on random sequencing, to assume that its genomic ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) belongs to the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. Although the whole sequence of BHV-4 genome is not known it was possible, based on random sequencing, to assume that its genomic organization consists of genes clustered in blocks whose orientation and location in the genome are conserved within a herpesvirus subfamily. Between these blocks lie genes which are specific to either a particular virus or a virus subfamily. BHV-4 genome consists of 5 gene blocks conserved among the gammaherpesviruses and particularly within the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) genomes. Analysis of the regions located outside the gene blocks showed the presence of 12 open reading frames (ORFs). Protein database comparisons showed that no ORF translation products were similar to proteins encoded by alpha- or beta-herpesviruses. Nevertheless, 5 ORFs were homologous in amino acid sequences to proteins encoded by HVS and one was similar to a protein encoded by both HVS and EBV. On the basis of the molecular data BHV-4 is more closely related to HVS than to EBV. Genes homologous to cellular genes have been described in both HVS and EBV genomes. No genes homologous to presently sequenced cellular genes were found among those found in the BHV-4 genome to date. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrochemical synthesis and characterization of the electronic structure of new conjugated polymers from dithienylene vinylene derivatives
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Maertens, Christophe; Mertens, Marc et al

in Synthetic Metals (1996), 83(2), 103-109

Highly conjugated thiophene derivatives, based on thienylene vinylene and thienylene vinylene phenylene units, have been synthesized in order to examine: (i) the effect of such regular conjugated monomer ... [more ▼]

Highly conjugated thiophene derivatives, based on thienylene vinylene and thienylene vinylene phenylene units, have been synthesized in order to examine: (i) the effect of such regular conjugated monomer structures on polymer formation; and (ii) the optical and electrochemical properties of the corresponding macromolecules. The all-trans monomers have been prepared by a Wittig reaction. The polymers have then been synthesized electrochemically. The polymers are electrochromic and can be reversibly doped both oxidatively and reductively. Their electrochemical behavior and optical properties have been analyzed on the basis of a series of quantum-chemical calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of the 67-Kd Laminin Receptor, Galectin-1, and Galectin-3 in Advanced Human Uterine Adenocarcinoma
van den Brule, F. A.; Buicu, C.; Berchuck, A. et al

in Human Pathology (1996), 27(11), 1185-91

Alterations of tumor cell interactions with laminin, a basement membrane glycoprotein, are consistent features of the invasive and metastatic phenotype. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the ... [more ▼]

Alterations of tumor cell interactions with laminin, a basement membrane glycoprotein, are consistent features of the invasive and metastatic phenotype. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the expression of cell surface laminin-binding proteins have been correlated with the ability of cancer cells to cross basement membranes during the metastatic cascade. Such phenotypic modifications are usually associated with poor prognosis. In this study, the authors examined the possibility that expression of three laminin-binding proteins, the 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR), galectin-1, and galectin-3, is altered in human endometrial cancer in a fashion similar to that reported in other carcinomas, such as breast, colon, and ovarian cancer. Twenty advanced uterine adenocarcinomas were analyzed for expression of these three molecules using immunoperoxidase staining and specific antibodies. The authors found a significant increase in the expression of the 67LR and galectin-1 in cancer cells compared with normal adjacent endometrium (P = .0004 and .0022, respectively). As observed in other carcinomas, a significant down-regulation of galectin-3 expression was found in endometrial cancer cells compared with normal mucosa (P = .02). In the galectin-3 positive tumors, galectin-3 was detected in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus of cancer cells. Interestingly, tumors in which galectin-3 was detected only in the cytoplasm were characterized by deeper invasion of the myometrium than lesions where galectin-3 was found both in nucleus and cytoplasm (P = .02). This study shows an alteration of nonintegrin laminin-binding protein expression in advanced human endometrial cancer. Further studies on larger populations should determine the prognostic value of the detection of these laminin-binding proteins in endometrial carcinoma. Inverse modulation of the 67LR and galectin-3 appears to be a phenotypical feature of invasive carcinoma. [less ▲]

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See detailFORUM : un système d'animation et d'évaluation de grands groupes universitaires
Jans, Véronique; Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg

in Colloque de l'Association Internationale de Pédagogie Universitaire (AIPU) (1996, November)

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See detailPolyimide foams derived from a high Tg polyimide with grafted poly(α-methylstyrene)
Hedrick, James L; DiPietro, R.; Plummer, C. J. G. et al

in Polymer (1996), 37(23), 5229-5236

A new route to high-Tg, thermally stable polyimide foams has been developed. Foams were prepared by casting microphase-separated graft copolymers comprising a thermally stable main chain, polyimide, and a ... [more ▼]

A new route to high-Tg, thermally stable polyimide foams has been developed. Foams were prepared by casting microphase-separated graft copolymers comprising a thermally stable main chain, polyimide, and a thermally labile graft, poly(α-methylstyrene). The copolymer compositions were designed so that the thermally labile block would be the dispersed phase. This can unzip to its monomer upon heating, and the decomposition product diffuses out of the film, leaving pores embedded in a matrix of the thermally stable component. The copolymers were synthesized through either the poly(amic acid) precursor, followed by chemical cyclodehydration to the imide form, or the poly(amic alkyl ester) precursor followed by thermal imidization. The decomposition of the α-methylstyrene in the block copolymer was studied by thermogravimetric, dynamic mechanical and thermomechanical analyses. Mild decomposition conditions were required to avoid rapid depolymerization of the α-methylstyrene and excessive plasticization of the polyimide matrix. The foams showed pore sizes with diameters ranging from less than 20 nm to over 1 µm, depending upon the synthetic route employed, and the reduction in the mass density was generally consistent with the starting composition. [less ▲]

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See detailStructural and Functional Analysis of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Minor Glycoproteins
Baranowski, Eric; Keil, Günther; Lyaku, Japhet et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 91-101

This paper focuses on the structure and functions of bovine herpesvirus 1 minor glycoproteins gH, gE, gG and gp42. It reviews the progress which has been made in their identification and characterization ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the structure and functions of bovine herpesvirus 1 minor glycoproteins gH, gE, gG and gp42. It reviews the progress which has been made in their identification and characterization, in the study of their temporal expression and processing in infected cells, and finally in the understanding of their biological activities. In addition, aspects discussed include a comparison with two other alphaherpesviruses, namely herpes simplex virus and pseudorabies virus. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Role of Glycoproteins gC, gE, gI and gG in the Induction of Cell-Mediated Immune Responses to Bovine Herpesvirus 1
Denis, M.; Hanon, E.; Rijsewijk, F. A. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 121-32

Mutant viruses with deletions in genes encoding non-essential glycoproteins are considered as promising bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) vaccine candidates. The present study compared the influence of various ... [more ▼]

Mutant viruses with deletions in genes encoding non-essential glycoproteins are considered as promising bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) vaccine candidates. The present study compared the influence of various gene deletions (gC, gE, gI, gG) on the induction of cell-mediated immune responses against the virus. The highest BHV1 specific lymphoproliferative response was observed in the group of calves inoculated with the gC- mutant. However, in all groups of inoculated calves, limiting dilution analysis showed marked individual variability in the number of BHV1 specific T lymphocytes that were stimulated. The same animals were then challenged with wild-type BHV1. In these animals, limiting dilution analysis did not reveal gE, gI nor gG as a major T lymphocyte antigen. However, further analysis suggested the T cell antigenicity of gE in a low number of BHV1 hyperimmunized calves. Stimulation of MHC unrestricted cytotoxicity was also evaluated after inoculation with the various deletion mutants. Cytotoxicity in gC- inoculated calves was as high as in BHV1 inoculated calves. In conclusion, among the BHV1 deletion mutants that were tested, the gC- mutant stimulated the best cell-mediated immune responses. [less ▲]

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See detailLes adénome gonadotropes : Stratégie diagnostique et thérapeutique
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (1996, November)

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See detailNarrowband versus broadband for tele-education : a critical evaluation
Van Tomme, Emmanuel; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg; Debie, Peter

in International Conference on Technology Supported Learning, Proceedings (1996, November)

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See detailOrigin of Proterozoic anorthosites by fusion of the lower crust
Longhi, John; Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULg; Fram, Miranda

in Eos (1996, November), 77(46), 760

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See detailSamuel Beckett
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 30-40

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See detailUmberto Eco
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 87-91

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See detailSubset-Specific Analysis of Calcium Fluxes in Murine Aids
Moutschen, Michel ULg; Trebak, M.; Greimers, Roland ULg et al

in International Immunology (1996), 8(11), 1715-27

Infection of susceptible strains of mice with the Duplan strain of murine leukemia viruses induces a syndrome called MAIDS (murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) characterized by immunodeficiency and ... [more ▼]

Infection of susceptible strains of mice with the Duplan strain of murine leukemia viruses induces a syndrome called MAIDS (murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) characterized by immunodeficiency and lymphoproliferation. In addition to a complete refractoriness of most subsets of lymphocytes to mitogen stimulation, the development of phenotypic abnormalities occurs such as the appearance of an abnormal CD4+ T cell subset lacking membranes Thy-1. This study was performed to compare the calcium responses during the early stages of MAIDS (week 9 or earlier) between T cells and B cells and between CD4+Thy-1- and CD4+Thy-1+ T cells. B cells were strikingly less affected than T cells: their baseline [Ca2+]i did not significantly increase, and their calcium response to anti-IgM antibody and concanavalin A (Con A) was partially maintained. In contrast, the response to Con A was completely abolished in T cells. Interestingly, calcium mobilization in response to membrane receptor-independent stimuli such as ionophores and thapsigargin was strongly inhibited in T cells, while no such inhibition was found in B cells. In comparison with their CD4+Thy-1+ counterparts, CD4+Thy-1- T cells had blunted calcium responses in controls, as well as in infected mice. However, CD4+Thy-1+ T cells were also strikingly altered, suggesting that the loss of membrane Thy-1 could be associated with, but not directly responsible for abnormalities of calcium responses in CD4+ T cells from RadLV-Rs-infected mice. [less ▲]

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See detailJorge Luis Borges
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 43-50

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See detailProduction et conditionnement des bactéries lactiques isolées du Lben Tunisien.
Hamdi, M.; Cornelius, C.; Ben Amor, K. et al

Poster (1996, November)

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See detailEvaluation des potentialités aromatisantes des lactocoques isolées du Lben Tunisien.
Mahjoub, A.; Ben Amor, K.; Cornelius, C. et al

Poster (1996, November)

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See detailPour une didactique de la textualité
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Scientific conference (1996, November)

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See detailLes prions, aspects moleculaires
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 700-705

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