References of "1996"
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See detailLayout Optimization : A Mathematical Programming Approach
Duysinx, Pierre ULg

Conference (1996, August)

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See detailA new poly (ε-caprolactone) containing hybrid ceramer prepared by the sol-gel process
Tian, Dong; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (1996), 37(17), 3983-3987

A new inorganic-organic hybrid material, known as ceramer, has been prepared by the sol-gel process. α,ω-Hydroxyl poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) has been used as an organic reagent, as such or after ... [more ▼]

A new inorganic-organic hybrid material, known as ceramer, has been prepared by the sol-gel process. α,ω-Hydroxyl poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) has been used as an organic reagent, as such or after conversion of the hydroxyl end-groups into triethoxysilane end-groups. The novelty has to be found in the biocompatibility and biodegradability of the organic constitutive component. Since the hydroxyl end-groups of PCL are less reactive than the triethoxysilane counterparts, the preliminary reaction of the hydroxyl end-groups with 3-isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane is recommended for decreasing the gelation time and the amount of PCL extractable from the final hybrid material. In this respect, it has been observed that the amount of PCL incorporated into the network is limited by the early vitrification of the reactive system. This drawback can be alleviated by curing the sample at a high enough temperature (100°C). TEM observations have shown that the organic and inorganic phases are intimately mixed when the weight composition in SiO2 and PCL is close to 50%. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of the 67 Kd Laminin Receptor in Human Ovarian Carcinomas as Defined by a Monoclonal Antibody, Mluc5
van den Brule, F. A.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Menard, S. et al

in European Journal of Cancer (1996), 32A(9), 1598-602

Previous immunohistochemical data from our laboratory have demonstrated that expression of the 67 kD laminin receptor (67LR), a cancer-associated, high-affinity laminin-binding protein, is upregulated in ... [more ▼]

Previous immunohistochemical data from our laboratory have demonstrated that expression of the 67 kD laminin receptor (67LR), a cancer-associated, high-affinity laminin-binding protein, is upregulated in ovarian carcinoma cells compared with normal serosal cells, and that this increased expression in cancer cells could be related to patient outcome. The aim of this study was to validate MLuC5, a monoclonal antibody that recognises the 67LR, as a tool to perform future immunohistochemical studies on larger populations of ovarian carcinoma patients. Expression of the 67LR was determined in 51 primary human ovarian carcinoma samples using immunohistochemistry and MLuC5. The 67LR was detected in ovarian carcinoma cell clusters of variable extent. Analysis of the data determined that 67LR expression was significantly increased in the samples from patients with disease progression, compared with those with no evidence of disease after completion of primary therapy, and in pooled grade 2 and 3 tumours compared to borderline and grade 1 tumours (P < 0.05, chi-squared test). No other significant correlation between 67LR expression and other clinicopathological parameters could be established. These data suggest that the 67LR is correlated to ovarian tumour progression. Detection of the 67LR using this monoclonal antibody could constitute an interesting parameter in prognosis determination of ovarian cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailLight scattering study of salt-free "polyelectrolyte behaviour" of monotelechelic ionomers in a polar solvent
Kupperblatt, Gary; Hara, Masanori; Vanhoorne, Pierre ULg et al

in Polymer (1996), 37(16), 3741-3744

Salt-free polyelectrolyte behaviour which is typically observed at low polymer concentrations for polyelectrolyte aqueous solutions and random ionomer non-aqueous solutions (in polar solvents) (i.e ... [more ▼]

Salt-free polyelectrolyte behaviour which is typically observed at low polymer concentrations for polyelectrolyte aqueous solutions and random ionomer non-aqueous solutions (in polar solvents) (i.e., negative angular dependence of the reciprocal scattering in static light scattering and an appearance of the fast mode in dynamic light scattering) has been observed for monotelechelic ionomer solutions in a polar solvent. This indicates that only single charge (per chain) is sufficient to produce intermolecular electrostatic interactions, which are responsible for such characteristic behaviour. However, the 'characteristic' behaviour, which is typically observed at higher concentrations for polyelectrolyte and random ionomer solutions (i.e., large positive apparent radius of gyration in static scattering and appearance of the slow mode in addition to the fast mode in dynamic scattering) has not been observed to date for monotelechelic ionomer solutions. The absence of high-concentration characteristics for the monotelechelic ionomer solutions gives additional insight as to the nature and structure of 'heterogeneities' in salt-free polyelectrolyte solutions, which is still controversial. [less ▲]

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See detailHerpesviridae granulomas. Letter
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in European Journal of Dermatology (1996), 6(5), 394

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See detailDaily and seasonal movements of radio-tagged trout (Salmo trutta) in the Belgian Ardennes: mobility versus residency
Ovidio, Michaël ULg

Conference (1996, August)

This study describes the mobility patterns of two trout (Salmo trutta L.) of different morphotypes (one typical brown trout and one intermediate between the sea and brown trout) telemetred during 172 ... [more ▼]

This study describes the mobility patterns of two trout (Salmo trutta L.) of different morphotypes (one typical brown trout and one intermediate between the sea and brown trout) telemetred during 172 consecutive days in the River Meuse Basin (Belgian Ardennes). The two trout behaved quite differently. The typical brown trout showed little mobility (home range < 1.1 km and longest net daily journey of 850 m) and a constant fidelity to a main area. The other trout was highly mobile (home range extending over 46 km, with net daily journeys as long as 14 km) with no apparent attachment to any particular residence. These results further question the colloquial belief that all freshwater trout are resident fish and support the idea that different ecotypes (i.e. stream and large river trout) would coexist in the same hydroecosystem. Due to small sample size, it is not permitted to affirm that these ecotypes would be associated to different morphotypes. [less ▲]

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See detailA critical review of surgery techniques for implanting telemetry devices into the body cavity of fish
Baras, Etienne; Birtles, Cymon; Westerloppe, Luc et al

Conference (1996, August)

Based on literature survey and personal experience, this paper presents a critical review of surgery procedures to implant telemetry devices (transmitters, transponders) into the body cavity of fish ... [more ▼]

Based on literature survey and personal experience, this paper presents a critical review of surgery procedures to implant telemetry devices (transmitters, transponders) into the body cavity of fish species. It debates on the relative adequacy of techniques which may compromise or enhance tagging success with respect to fish health and transmitter retention: anaesthesia, incision (position and length of incision), transmitter features (size and weight ratios, coating), ways of closing the incision (stitches, staples, adhesives), prophylaxy, pre- and postoperative care. Behavioural and physiological biases originating from tagging or internal presence of the transmitter are reviewed, evaluated and integrated to determine the actual duration of the post-operative perturbation and subsequent validation of telemetry data. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-Clinics. Comment je traite... un patient diabétique de Type 2 par régime
Paquot, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(8), 497-9

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See detailEvidence and purification of a novel bacterial dehydrogenase : a vanillin : NAD (P) oxydoreductase.
Bare, G.; Moukil, M.; Swiatkowski, Th. et al

Poster (1996, August)

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See detailLe texte dans l'apprentissage des langues
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (1996, August)

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See detailPregnancies, calves and calf viability after transfer of in vitro produced bovine embryos
Schmidt, T.; Greve, T.; Avery, B. et al

in Theriogenology (1996), 46(3), 527-539

Pregnancy, parturition and calf survival following the transfer of embryos produced in vitro were monitored. A total of 44 blastocysts was transferred in pairs to 1 uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus ... [more ▼]

Pregnancy, parturition and calf survival following the transfer of embryos produced in vitro were monitored. A total of 44 blastocysts was transferred in pairs to 1 uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus luteum (CL) of 22 synchronized heifers. At Day 42 of development 14 recipients (64%) were pregnant; the calving rate was also 64%. The twinning rate was 9/14 at Day 42 and 7/14 at birth, for an overall fetal mortality rate of 9%. The average gestation length was 281 and 275 d for single and twin pregnancies, respectively. Blood samples from recipients were collected for determination of bovine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (bPAG) from 2 wk after transfer and throughout the pregnancy. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the bPAG concentration was significantly higher in twin than in single bearing heifers, and the perinatal increase in bPAG was correlated positively with the total weight of the fetus(es). The percentage of male calves was 43%. The birth weight of twin individuals was 25 ± 1 kg, which was 78% of the birthweight of the singletons (32 ± 2 kg). One singleton calf was oversized, weighing 58 kg (80% more than the median weight of the other singletons). Stillbirths occurred in 21% of the twins, butin none of the singletons. Calf mortality during the first 14 d was higher for twins (4/11) than for singletons (1/7) due to infections and cerebellar hypoplasia. Karyotyping the calves detected no cytogenetically recognizable abnormalities. All calves were negative for BVD virus and IBR antibodies. The results of this study showed that although the incidence of fetal loss was low, there was an unacceptable high perinatal mortality of the calves. Thus it is likely that the blood supply through the placenta of animals pregnant with twins was impaired or it is possible that these fetuses and calves had increased stress susceptibility caused by the in vitro conditions. Furthermore, the birth of 1 oversized calf, 2 calves with cerebellar hypoplasia and 5 calves succumbing to infections seems to indicate that a proportion of in vitro produced calves may suffer from factors inherent in the in vitro production system [less ▲]

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See detailDifunctional initiator based on 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene. 4. Synthesis and modification of poly(alkyl methacrylate-b-styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene-b-alkyl methacrylate (MSBSM) thermoplastic elastomers
Yu, Y. S.; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (1996), 34(11), 2221-2228

MSBSM five-block copolymers where B stands for butadiene, S for styrene, and M for either methyl methacrylate (MMA) or tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) have been synthesized by sequential anionic ... [more ▼]

MSBSM five-block copolymers where B stands for butadiene, S for styrene, and M for either methyl methacrylate (MMA) or tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA) have been synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization in an apolar solvent by using a difunctional anionic initiator derived from 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene. These block copolymers show improved mechanical properties and an extended service temperature compared to traditional SBS thermoplastic elastomers. Upon hydrolysis and further neutralization of the PolytBMA end-blocks, the upper glass transition temperature (Tg) of the five-block copolymers has been raised up to about 150°C. A further increase in this service temperature (up to ca. 160°C) has resulted from the blending of sPMMA-SBS-sPMMA five-block copolymers with isotactic poly(methacrylate) (iPMMA), due to the formation of a stereocomplex. The tensile properties of these modified five-block copolymers have remained essentially unchanged. [less ▲]

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See detailTelechelic ionomers studied by light scattering and dynamic mechanical measurements
Chassenieux, Christophe; Johannsson, Ragnar; Durand, Dominique et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (1996), 112(2-3), 155-162

The formation of a transient network by sulfonato polyisoprene and sulfonato polystyrene in toluene is studied using static and dynamic light scattering and dynamic mechanical analysis. It is shown that ... [more ▼]

The formation of a transient network by sulfonato polyisoprene and sulfonato polystyrene in toluene is studied using static and dynamic light scattering and dynamic mechanical analysis. It is shown that at low concentrations aggregates are formed with increasing molar mass and polydispersity as the polymer concentration is increased. Above a certain concentration well below the overlap concentration of the polymer chains (C*), a transient network is formed. This is characterised by a plateau modulus at high frequencies and a relatively narrow viscoelastic relaxation time distribution. The intensity auto-correlation function of the transient network shows two relaxational modes: a relatively fast diffusional mode close to the co-operative diffusional mode of semidilute solutions of the unfunctionalised polymers, and a slow broader mode which becomes independent of the scattering angle at concentrations close to C*. The relation between this slow mode and the viscoelastic relaxation is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailTriblock copolymer based thermoreversible gels. 2. Analysis of the sol-gel transition
Yu, Jian Ming; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Teyssié, Philippe et al

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(16), 5384-5391

Syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA)−polybutadiene (PBD)−sPMMA triblock copolymers of various chemical compositions and different molecular weights have been studied in the presence of o-xylene ... [more ▼]

Syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA)−polybutadiene (PBD)−sPMMA triblock copolymers of various chemical compositions and different molecular weights have been studied in the presence of o-xylene, which is a selective solvent for the central PBD block. Thermoreversible gels can be formed in a suitable curing temperature range (<35 °C) and at a high enough concentration (>1 wt %). The time dependence of the storage (G‘) and the loss (G‘‘) moduli has been measured in a frequency range of 0.08−1 Hz. The static and dynamic properties of the gels have been discussed on the basis of the scaling theory. At the gel point, where the loss angle (tan δc = G‘‘/G‘) is independent of frequency, typical power laws G‘(ω) G‘‘(ω) ωΔ have been observed. The scaling exponent Δ has been found equal to 0.70 ± 0.02 independently of the PBD and PMMA molecular weight, i.e., 36 000 < Mn (PBD) < 100 000 and 20 000 < Mn (PMMA) < 51 000. This exponent is also independent of the copolymer concentration and temperature in the investigated range, i.e., 2−7 wt % and 8−24 °C, respectively. This value of Δ agrees with theoretical predictions as well as with experimental values reported for some chemical gels; it is however different from the experimental values published for most physical gels. A PBD−PMMA diblock copolymer also forms a gel in o-xylene, although at higher concentration and lower temperature compared to the parent triblock copolymer. The scaling exponent Δ is then somewhat smaller, i.e., 0.61. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition metal aerogel-supported catalyst
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; Pirard, René ULg

Patent (1996)

A process for preparing a supported catalyst comprising a transition metal selected from palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt or copper on an aerogel support, which includes the steps of providing a ... [more ▼]

A process for preparing a supported catalyst comprising a transition metal selected from palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt or copper on an aerogel support, which includes the steps of providing a mixture containing an alkoxide precursor of the aerogel, a chelate complex of the transition metal with a chelating agent having Si(OR)3 anchor groups, and an organic solvent in which the chelate complex is soluble; hydrolyzing the mixture by admixing it with water to form a gel; and converting the gel under supercritical conditions into the transition metal aerogel-supported catalyst. The supported catalyst has an especially homogeneous distribution of the metal component and is suitable, for example, for use as a hydrogenation catalyst. [less ▲]

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See detailA Global Understanding of Transient Surface Flows Applied to Hydrology and River Processes
Pirotton, Michel ULg

in XI International Conference on Computational Methods in Water Resources (1996, July 22)

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See detailTraining the rehearsal strategy in Down syndrome and normal children. Effects on memory span, word-length and phonological similarity effect
Comblain, Annick ULg

Poster (1996, July 18)

Verbal short-term memory skills of Down's syndrome subjects are very poor. As in normal children, it seems possible to increase memory span by using a rehearsal training strategy. Memory span tasks have ... [more ▼]

Verbal short-term memory skills of Down's syndrome subjects are very poor. As in normal children, it seems possible to increase memory span by using a rehearsal training strategy. Memory span tasks have been proposed to two experimental groups (Down's syndrome subjects / normally developping children) and two control groups (Down's syndrome subjects / normally developping children). The experimental groups were intensively trained to rehearse during 8 weeks. Two post-tests were proposed to the subjects: 1] directly after the training session and 2] six weeks after the training session. We observe an increase of the experimental groups' memory span. The weak modifications of word-length effect and phonological similarity effect seem to confirm that these effects are not due to the rehearsal strategy use. [less ▲]

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