References of "1996"
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See detailTnp-470 (Agm-1470): Mechanisms of Action and Early Clinical Development
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Belotti, D.

in European Journal of Cancer (1996), 32A(14), 2520-7

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See detailGliomatosis Cerebri: Clinical, Radiological and Pathological Report of a Case with a Stroke-Like Onset
Schoenen, Jean ULg; de Leval, L.; Reznik, M.

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(4), 294-300

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and ... [more ▼]

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and both CT scan and MRI irregular white matter lesion suggesting a leucoencephalopathy. His neurological deficit regressed, and he was discharged after 2 weeks. He was readmitted 6 months later because of mental confusion. MRI revealed diffuse white matter lesions extending up to the frontal lobes, these were hyperintense on T2 weighted images and suggested the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri (GC). The patient became progressively comatose and died 6 weeks later. At autopsy the brain looked diffusely swollen with irregular greyish areas of the white matter of both centrum ovale and brain stem. On microscopic examination the cerebrum and brain stem were diffusely and asymmetrically infiltrated by numerous neoplastic glial cells without angiogenesis or disruption of architectonic boundaries. There were no mitoses nor necrosis. Many tumour cells were GFAP- and S100-positive. A high proportion of cells contained the leucocyte antigen Leu-7. This case of gliomatosis cerebri is compared to the 9 published cases of GC with an initial focal neurological deficit and to the 19 publications reporting MRI results. The controversial nosological boundaries and etiopathogenetic hypotheses of this peculiar neoplastic disease are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLa CEI entre mythes et réalités
Bachkatov, Nina ULg

in Monde Diplomatique (Le) : Journal des Cercles Diplomatiques et des Grandes Organisations Internationales (1996)

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See detailEffet des tanins de chataignier sur la digestion in sacco et in vivo des matieres azotees chez les ruminants.
Decruyenaere, Virginie; Remond, D.; Zimmer, N. et al

in Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants (1996, December)

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See detailScreening and characterization of specific anti-lipopolysaccharide antibodies in Belgian blood donors by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays
Nys, Monique ULg; Laub, R.; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in European Journal of Clinical Investigation (1996), 26(12), 1134-1142

The goal of this project was to find and collect high concentrations of endotoxin-specific antibodies for therapeutic IgG- or IgM-enriched preparations. Various enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs ... [more ▼]

The goal of this project was to find and collect high concentrations of endotoxin-specific antibodies for therapeutic IgG- or IgM-enriched preparations. Various enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were developed to perform longitudinal studies of the serological response to a large panel of smooth and rough purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracts in a population of healthy blood donors. To accomplish this, 1612 human serum samples from volunteer blood donors collected by seven different blood banks in Belgium were screened and specific IgM and IgG activities were measured. Approximately 17% of the donors had anti-LPS concentrations higher than 40 mg L-1. Of these, 10.9% had anti-smooth LPS antibodies, 3.7% had anti-rough LPS antibodies and 2.8% were found to be positive towards both types of LPS. The mean anti-LPS antibody concentration was 8 mg L-1 for rough LPS and 14 mg L-1 for smooth LPS. Age- and sex-related distributions of the activities indicated that the greatest prevalence of high anti-LPS concentration was in women aged 40-49 years and in men older than 60 years. Differential absorption experiments showed that the pooled serum of selected blood donors contained a mixture of specific and cross-reacting antibodies. We detected predominantly anti-LPS activities due to the IgG1 and IgG2 subclasses. The range of specificities to different LPS was increased by the pooling of selected sera. It was concluded that pools of naturally occurring specific anti-LPS immunoglobulin antibodies may be obtained in Belgium by screening blood donors using ELISAs that we have developed. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction in Requirements for Allogeneic Blood Products: Pharmacologic Methods
Janssens, Marc ULg; Hartstein, Gary ULg; David, Jean-Louis ULg

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (1996), 62(6), 1944-50

BACKGROUND: Numerous articles describe the reduction of perioperative bleeding by the therapeutic or prophylactic administration of drugs such as prostacyclin, desmopressin, and natural or synthetic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Numerous articles describe the reduction of perioperative bleeding by the therapeutic or prophylactic administration of drugs such as prostacyclin, desmopressin, and natural or synthetic antifibrinolytics. METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out to help the reader define the indications of these drugs during cardiopulmonary bypass operations, highlight the questions that remain concerning their indications and modes of action, and suggest future studies to answer these remaining questions. RESULTS: Prostacyclin reduces platelet trauma induced by extracorporeal circulation but does not effectively reduce postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements. Desmopressin acts as a "glue," improving platelet adhesion, and may be effective when postoperative bleeding is excessive, but its routine use in cardiac operations cannot be recommended. Natural and synthetic antifibrinolytics inhibit plasmin and plasmin-induced platelet dysfunction. These agents have been shown to decrease bleeding and the need for allogeneic transfusions after open heart operations. However, with antifibrinolytic drugs, the risk of thromboembolic phenomena cannot be neglected. With aprotinin, this risk appears to be minimal when the drug is used at concentrations high enough to inhibit plasma kallikrein also. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic antifibrinolytics are efficacious, but their routine use remains controversial, both for economic reasons and for fear of thromboembolic complications. [less ▲]

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See detailTreatment of Excessive Mediastinal Bleeding after Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Hartstein, Gary ULg; Janssens, Marc ULg

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (1996), 62(6), 1951-4

BACKGROUND: Excessive mediastinal bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass is one of the most frequently reported complications of cardiac operations. Appropriate treatment requires a rapid and effective ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Excessive mediastinal bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass is one of the most frequently reported complications of cardiac operations. Appropriate treatment requires a rapid and effective diagnostic work-up, based on the knowledge of the pathophysiology induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Possible causes, diagnostic methods available, and therapeutic approaches are reviewed in the light of the literature published on excessive bleeding after cardiac operations. RESULTS: When bleeding is massive (> 250 to 300 mL/h for the first 2 hours, > 150 mL/h thereafter), immediate surgical reexploration is mandatory. When bleeding is less important (50 to 150 mL/h), the decision to reoperate should be based on the presence of hemodynamic compromise or a suspected surgical cause. Otherwise, coagulation testing should allow the correction of hemostatic defects as appropriate with protamine, platelet concentrates, fresh frozen plasma, desmopressin, or antifibrinolytics. Hypothermia and hypotension should be corrected and a trial of positive end-expiratory pressure may be considered if diffuse mediastinal oozing (especially from the bed of the mammary artery) is suspected. CONCLUSIONS: A protocol is suggested to guide treatment, taking into account the rapidity of blood loss and the suspected underlying cause. [less ▲]

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See detailL’apport de l’anthropologie juridique pour l’étude des sociétés maghrébines
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

Scientific conference (1996, December)

L'anthropologie juridique et l’étude de la justice dans les sociétés maghrébines

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See detailPrévision de la dégradabilité in situ des matières azotées des fourrages par une méthode enzymatique.
Kamoun, Mohammed; Beckers, Yves ULg; Lecomte, Philippe et al

in 3èmes Rencontres autour de la Recherche sur les Ruminants, Paris, France, 4-5 décembre 1996 (1996, December)

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See detailStress coupling between Earthquakes in Northwest Turkey and the North Aegean Sea
Suleyman, N; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; King, GCP

in EOS (American Geosciences Union abstract) (1996, December), 77

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See detailUtilisation d'un index urinaire pour quantifier la fourniture en protéines microbiennes digestibles dans l'intestin chez le taurillon en croissance.
Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Mahouachi, Mokhtar et al

in 3èmes Rencontres autour de la Recherche sur les Ruminants, Paris, France, 4-5 décembre 1996 (1996, December)

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See detailConservation de la nature: un combat sns cesse renouvelé
Libois, Roland ULg

Learning material (1996)

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See detailOverweight and obesity : a major problem among belgian adolescents issued from a high risk population.
Paulus, Dominique; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Jeanjean, Marcelle ULg et al

Conference (1996, December)

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See detailStaging of the Mediastinum: Value of Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Bury, Thierry ULg; Paulus, P.; Dowlati, A. et al

in European Respiratory Journal : Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology (1996), 9(12), 2560-4

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical imaging features, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) depends mainly on the metabolic characteristics of a tissue for the diagnosis of disease. We have performed a prospective study comparing FDG-PET and CT of the thorax in the presurgical assessment of the mediastinum in 50 patients with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CT and PET scans were interpreted separately, and results were compared to pathological staging obtained during thoracotomy. Hilar or mediastinal lymph node involvement was present in 58%. In staging for lymph node involvement, CT had a sensitivity of 72% and specificity of 81%, whereas PET had a sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 86%, respectively. When the PET study was compared to histological results, there were four cases showing more advanced mediastinal involvement with PET and four cases showing less involvement with PET. From our preliminary results, we conclude that positron emission tomography with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose is significantly more accurate than computed tomography in the mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation de la méthodologie des langues étrangères aux styles d'apprentissage des élèves : un nouveau miroir aux alouettes ?
Simons, Germain ULg

in Etudes et Travaux (1996), (1), 19-38

Selon certains spécialistes de l'apprentissage d'une langue étrangère, le style d'apprentissage d'un individu fonctionne comme un "filtre à input" et exerce, de ce fait, une influence considérable sur le ... [more ▼]

Selon certains spécialistes de l'apprentissage d'une langue étrangère, le style d'apprentissage d'un individu fonctionne comme un "filtre à input" et exerce, de ce fait, une influence considérable sur le processus d'apprentissage de la langue étrangère et sur le niveau de performance atteint par les différents types d'apprenants. Cette conception des styles d'apprentissage conduit naturellement à supposer que l'enseignement optimal d'une langue étrangère est celui dont la méthodologie est en adéquation avec le style d'apprentissage des élèves. Selon G. Simons, il convient d'aborder ce type de recherche avec la plus grande prudence si on ne veut pas qu'elle devienne un miroir aux alouettes, un de plus. Pour éviter ce piège, G. Simons analyse quelques problèmes sous-jacents à ce domaine de recherche et tente d'y apporter des solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of ageing time on some meat characteristics in quality of double-muscled Belgian Blue White bulls.
Nicolay, Laurence; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Frere, Pol ULg et al

Poster (1996, November 28)

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See detailInfluence de l'alimentation sur la qualité organoleptique de la viande Blanc Bleu Belge.
Willem, Georges; Nicolay, Laurence; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

Poster (1996, November 28)

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