References of "1996"
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See detailLa surveillance de l'environnement à la F.U.L.
Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Environnement et Société (1996), (15/16), 17-30

L'article décrit les activités de recherche et d'enseignement en surveillance de l'environnement à la Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise à Arlon. Il présente le contexte historique qui a initié ces ... [more ▼]

L'article décrit les activités de recherche et d'enseignement en surveillance de l'environnement à la Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise à Arlon. Il présente le contexte historique qui a initié ces activités, intégrant plusieurs chercheurs de disciplines diverses. Travailler sur le milieu naturel impose des contraintes, mais celles-ci sont compensées par une exigence modérée en ce qui concerne la précision de certains résultats. L'approche de l'unité de recherche utilise le milieu comme source d'information pour développer des méthodes de mesure, en exploitant notamment les concepts de bio-capteurs et de bio-indicateurs. L'agrégation des variables en indicateurs globaux et l'utilisation de modèles comme outils de surveillance de l'environnement figurent également parmi les originalités de la démarche. [less ▲]

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See detailBronchopulmonary and Disseminated Granulomatous Disease Associated with Aspergillus Fumigatus and Candida Species Infection in a Golden Retriever
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Snaps, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association (1996), 32(2, Mar-Apr), 139-45

A seven-year-old, female golden retriever was referred for a paroxysmal, chronic cough and dyspnea, dysphagia, facial pruritus, anterior uveitis, and deteriorating general condition. A severe, mixed ... [more ▼]

A seven-year-old, female golden retriever was referred for a paroxysmal, chronic cough and dyspnea, dysphagia, facial pruritus, anterior uveitis, and deteriorating general condition. A severe, mixed interstitial and alveolar pattern, with poorly defined amorphous lesions, was seen on thoracic radiographs. Multiple, whitish nodules disseminated on the hyperemic respiratory mucosa were noted on bronchoscopy. Escherichia coli and Aspergillus fumigatus were cultured from the bronchoalveolar lavage. Granulomatous lesions in numerous organs were identified during necropsy, and Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida spp. were cultured from lung and kidney tissues. Microscopic granulomatous lesions were compatible with mycotic infection; however fungal organisms were not observed. [less ▲]

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See detailMutation analysis of the pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 alpha gene in eight patients with a pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency.
Lissens, W.; De Meirleir, L.; Seneca, S. et al

in Human mutation (1996), 7(1), 46-51

Most of the mutations causing deficiency of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex are in the X-linked E1 alpha gene. We have developed a rapid screening method for the detection of mutations in this ... [more ▼]

Most of the mutations causing deficiency of the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex are in the X-linked E1 alpha gene. We have developed a rapid screening method for the detection of mutations in this gene using reverse transcription of total RNA, polymerase chain reaction amplification of the whole coding region of the gene and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. With this method, we studied eight patients with a PDH complex deficiency, using cultured fibroblasts. In all patients, aberrant SSCP patterns were found and, after sequencing of the corresponding fragments, we were able to identify six new mutations and two mutations already described previously. The mutations are point mutations leading to amino acid substitutions (5) and direct repeat insertions (3). The presence of the mutations was confirmed in genomic fibroblast DNA. The 4 female patients were shown to carry both a normal and a mutated E1 alpha gene. [less ▲]

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See detailGospel Forum and Cajun Corner - News and Record Reviews
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (1996)

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See detailThe Perturbed Generalized Proximal Point Algorithm
Alexandre, Patrick; Nguyen, Van Hien; Tossings, Patricia ULg

E-print/Working paper (1996)

During the last years, different modifications were introduced in the proximal point algorithm developed by R.T. Rockafellar for searching a zero of a maximal monotone operator on a real Hilbert space. We ... [more ▼]

During the last years, different modifications were introduced in the proximal point algorithm developed by R.T. Rockafellar for searching a zero of a maximal monotone operator on a real Hilbert space. We combine these modifications to get a new version of this algorithm. We take simultaneously into account a variable metric, a perturbation and a kind of relaxation. Our work takes place in the context of the variational convergence theory. [less ▲]

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See detailCodon adjustment to maximise heterologous gene expression in Streptomyces lividans can lead to decreased mRNA stability and protein yield.
Lammertyn, E; Van Mellaert, L; Bijnens, A P et al

in Molecular & General Genetics [=MGG] (1996), 250(2), 223-9

The impact of the codon bias of the mouse tumour necrosis factor alpha (mTNF) gene cloned in Streptomyces lividans on the efficiency of expression and secretion was analysed. Minor codons occurring in the ... [more ▼]

The impact of the codon bias of the mouse tumour necrosis factor alpha (mTNF) gene cloned in Streptomyces lividans on the efficiency of expression and secretion was analysed. Minor codons occurring in the mTNF gene were therefore adapted to the codon bias of Streptomyces by site-directed mutagenesis. No improvement in mTNF yield could be detected. The stability of the transcript derived from the construct was shown to be more important for determining the final level of mTNF production. A strong correlation was observed between the yield of secreted biologically active mTNF and the amount of mTNF mRNA present in the cells. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of the monofrequency forced oscillation technique to measure changes in upper airway resistance in Friesian and blue Belgian calves
Reinhold, Petra; Genicot, Bruno; Close, Roland et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1996), 61(3), 227-230

Monofrequency forced oscillometry (MFO) using a sinusoidal test signal of one frequency (10 Hz) was compared with the classical pulmonary function technique (using an oesophageal balloon with airflow ... [more ▼]

Monofrequency forced oscillometry (MFO) using a sinusoidal test signal of one frequency (10 Hz) was compared with the classical pulmonary function technique (using an oesophageal balloon with airflow measurements) in two breeds of cattle which differ in their respiratory physiology, particularly to assess changes in upper airway resistance. Six healthy male Friesian calves (mean [SD] bodyweight 131 [12] kg) and six healthy male blue Belgian calves (mean [SD] bodyweight 137 [13] kg) were examined successively with their heads either in a normal position or held vertically, using a cross-over study design. In the normal position, higher resistances, a higher respiratory impedance, and lower values of the dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) were measured in the blue Belgian than in the Friesian calves. In the vertical head position, total pulmonary resistance (RL) increased and Cdyn decreased significantly (P < 0.05). The changes in MFO-derived parameters were in accordance with the changes in classical parameters, and for both methods, the percentage changes were markedly higher in the blue Belgian calves. [less ▲]

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See detailA Salute to Malaco Records - Interview with Tommy Couch
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (1996)

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See detailL'entreprise d'insertion en Wallonie: premières leçons de 7 projets-pilotes
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Van Pachterbeke, Isabelle; Simon, Michel

Book published by Fondation Roi Baudouin (1996)

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See detailWolf-Rayet stars in the framework of stellar evolution.
Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Detal, Alain ULg; Fraipont-Caro, D. et al

Book (1996)

The following topics were dealt with: evolution of massive stars - theory; observational characteristics of Wolf-Rayet stars and related objects; evidences for evolutionary links - transition objects ... [more ▼]

The following topics were dealt with: evolution of massive stars - theory; observational characteristics of Wolf-Rayet stars and related objects; evidences for evolutionary links - transition objects; analysis of the observations - the models and their results; massive stars in starburst. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pivotal role of cross-calibration and quality control in an international clinical trial of the strontium salt S-12911 involving multiple DXA brands
Slosman, DO; Meunier, PJ; Delmas, PD et al

in Osteoporosis International (1996), 6(S1), 168

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See detailA Tribute to Dave Clark
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (1996)

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See detailThe nucleolus during the cell cycle.
Thiry, Marc ULg; Goessens, Guy ULg

Book published by R.G. Landes Company, Chapman and Hall (1996)

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See detailImprint and Brush Cytology in the Diagnosis of Canine Intranasal Tumours
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Wallon, J.; Gilbert, S. et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (1996), 37(9), 423-7

Fifty-four dogs with nasal tumours were included in this study. Based on histopathology 52 tumours were malignant (36 epithelial and 16 mesenchymal) and two were benign (one oncocytoma and one ... [more ▼]

Fifty-four dogs with nasal tumours were included in this study. Based on histopathology 52 tumours were malignant (36 epithelial and 16 mesenchymal) and two were benign (one oncocytoma and one pleiomorphic adenoma). Malignancy was significantly more frequently diagnosed by imprint cytology (81 per cent of the cases) than by brush cytology (56 per cent). Brush cytology was a significantly more sensitive technique in epithelial than in mesenchymal tumours, while the sensitivity of imprint cytology was not affected by the histological type. Brush cytology determined an epithelial origin in 88 per cent of epithelial tumours, and imprint cytology in 90 per cent. In mesenchymal tumours, the scores were significantly lower, the histological type being determined in only 20 per cent and 50 per cent, using brush and imprint cytology, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailLes chemins de la compréhension : brochure d'accompagnement au film éponyme de Terwagne et Widart
Terwagne, Serge; Widart, Nicole; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

Report (1996)

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See detailCabergoline, a new long-acting dopamine agonist, in the treatment of acromegaly
Abs, R.; Verhelst, J.; Verbessem, G. et al

in 10th international Congress of Endocrinology - Abstract book (1996)

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See detailDifférenciatio, génétique et morphologique du mulot, Apodemus sylvaticus, dans le bassin méditerranéen occidental
Michaux, J.R.; Libois, Roland ULg; Fons, Roger

in Vie et milieu (1996), 46(3-4), 192-203

Many questions are still unanswered about the biogeography and the origin of the wood mouse in the Mediterranean area, namely on the islands where some giant forms are described. In order to characterize ... [more ▼]

Many questions are still unanswered about the biogeography and the origin of the wood mouse in the Mediterranean area, namely on the islands where some giant forms are described. In order to characterize the genetic structure of these insular populations and the level of morphological differentiation, 232 animals originating from 30 localities situatid on several wester Mediterranean islands and on the continent, either along the sea coast or more inlabd, were trapped. Their skulls were measured and their mtDNA purified and analysed by RFLP techniques. The wood mice living on small islands are generally bigger than their relatives living on the continent whereas the size of those living on larger islands is quite the same. This kind of insular gigantism ought to be more an adaptive response to peculiar insular environmental conditions (particularly a lower predation pressure) than a consequence of a founder effect. The mtDNA of the wood mice from north eastern Spain belongs to the previously identified northwestern group. Consequently, the Pyrenees are not a biogeographic barrier to the wood mouse. The Sicilian mice, which are genetically different from all the other west European or north African animals, are morphologically similar to the Sardinia and Italian ones. [less ▲]

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