References of "1995"
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See detailFeed restriction and IGFBP in bulls: effects of increasing starving period lengths.
Massart, Serge; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Renaville, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1995), 73(suppl 1), 225

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See detailGlucose inhibits human placental GH secretion, in vitro
Patel, N.; Alsat, E.; Igout, Ahmed ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1995), 80(5), 1743-6

Human placenta specifically expresses the GH-V gene leading to the production of placental Growth Hormone (PGH). During pregnancy, PGH levels increase progressively in maternal blood, but its regulation ... [more ▼]

Human placenta specifically expresses the GH-V gene leading to the production of placental Growth Hormone (PGH). During pregnancy, PGH levels increase progressively in maternal blood, but its regulation remains unknown. In this study the effect of glucose on PGH secretion by human term placenta was tested, in vitro, by means of two different experimental models: organ culture of villous tissue and primary culture of isolated cytotrophoblasts. PGH was assayed in the culture medium by an immunoradiometric assay using a specific PGH monoclonal antibody. The presence of glucose (25 mmol/L) in the culture medium significantly inhibited (p < 0.001) the secretion of PGH by either placental villous explants or by cultured trophoblast cells. This inhibitory effect of glucose on PGH secretion was dose-dependent. More than 50% inhibition being observed with 5.5 mmol/L. In the same conditions, the daily production of hPL and hCG, were unmodified. Furthermore, the glucose-induced inhibition of PGH secretion was more effective when cultured trophoblast cells are differentiated into syncytiotrophoblast. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that among the gestational polypeptide hormones secreted by the human placenta, only PGH secretion is modulated by glucose, suggesting a key metabolic role for this hormone during pregnancy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the Zairian Health Services in the Rwandan refugee crisis.
Porignon, Denis ULg; Noterman, J. P.; Hennart, P. et al

in Disasters (1995), 19(4), 356-60

In July 1994, a stream of Rwandan refugees entered the southern part of North Kivu Region, Zaire. The public health consequences of this crisis for the host population and health services have not been ... [more ▼]

In July 1994, a stream of Rwandan refugees entered the southern part of North Kivu Region, Zaire. The public health consequences of this crisis for the host population and health services have not been analysed up to now. The lack of human and financial resources did not prevent Zairian health structures and personnel from taking care of the many refugees settled outside the camps, following their arrival. The public health consequences of the crisis for the local population should be considered an integral part of the disaster. [less ▲]

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See detailRat embryo fibroblasts immortalization by bovine leukemia virus Tax protein
Willems, Luc ULg; Heremans, H.; Burny, A. et al

in Methods in Cell Science : An Official Journal of the Society for in Vitro Biology (1995)

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See detailAnesthetic management of laparoscopy: new developments
Joris, Jean ULg

in Miller, Ronald D (Ed.) Anesthesia (1995)

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See detailPneumothorax during laparoscopic fundoplication: diagnosis and treatment with positive end-expiratory pressure.
Joris, Jean ULg; Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (1995), 81(5), 993-1000

Pneumothorax can develop during laparoscopy, particularly during laparoscopic fundoplication, since the left parietal pleura is exposed and can be torn during dissection in the diaphragmatic hiatus. Such ... [more ▼]

Pneumothorax can develop during laparoscopy, particularly during laparoscopic fundoplication, since the left parietal pleura is exposed and can be torn during dissection in the diaphragmatic hiatus. Such an event will result in specific pathophysiologic changes, since CO2, under pressure in the abdominal cavity, will pass into the pleural space. The aim of this study was to document the pathophysiologic changes induced by pneumothorax, and to evaluate the benefit of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to treat pneumothorax. Forty-six ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for laparoscopic fundoplication were monitored extensively; heart rate, mean arterial pressure, end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2), oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (Spo2), minute ventilation, tidal volume, dynamic total lung thorax compliance, and airway pressures were recorded. In 25 patients, oxygen uptake, CO2 elimination and arterial blood gases were also measured. Pneumothorax was diagnosed in seven patients. It resulted in the following pathophysiologic changes: decrease in total lung thorax compliance, increase in airway pressures, and increase in CO2 absorption. Consequently, PACO2 and PETCO2 also increased. Spo2, however, remained normal. The use of PEEP largely corrected these respiratory changes. None of these pneumothoraces required drainage. These data suggest that pneumothorax is common during laparoscopic fundoplication. Early diagnosis is possible by simultaneous monitoring of PETCO2, total lung thorax compliance, and airway pressures. Finally, treatment with PEEP provides an alternative to chest tube placement when pneumothorax is secondary to passage of peritoneal CO2 into the interpleural space. [less ▲]

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See detailPain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: characteristics and effect of intraperitoneal bupivacaine.
Joris, Jean ULg; Thiry, E.; Paris, P. et al

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (1995), 81(2), 379-84

Although pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less intense than after open cholecystectomy, some patients still experience considerable discomfort. Furthermore, the characteristics of ... [more ▼]

Although pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less intense than after open cholecystectomy, some patients still experience considerable discomfort. Furthermore, the characteristics of postlaparoscopy pain differ considerably from those seen after laparotomy. Therefore, we investigated the time course of different pain components after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the effects of intraperitoneal bupivacaine on these different components. Forty ASA physical status grade I-II patients were randomly assigned to receive either 80 mL of bupivacaine 0.125% with epinephrine 1/200,000 (n = 20) or the same volume of saline (n = 20) instilled under the right hemidiaphragm at the end of surgery. Intensity of total pain, visceral pain, parietal pain, and shoulder pain was assessed 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24, and 48 h after surgery. Analgesic consumption was also recorded. Patient data were similar in the two groups. In the saline group, visceral pain was significantly more intense than parietal pain at each time point; visceral and parietal pain were greater than shoulder pain during the first 8 h postoperatively. Intraperitoneal bupivacaine did not significantly affect any of the different components of postoperative pain. Analgesic consumption was similar in the two groups. This study demonstrates that visceral pain accounts for most of the pain experienced after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Intraperitoneal bupivacaine is not effective for treating any type of pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction et élimination du gaz carbonique
Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Scherpereel, Philippe; Lamy, Maurice (Eds.) Physiologie en anesthésiologie (1995)

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See detailInhaled nitric oxide for hemodynamic support after postpneumectomy ARDS
Chiche, Jean-Daniel; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (1995), 21(8), 675-678

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See detailOpioids in intensive care
Lamy, Maurice ULg; Joris, Jean ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in Lawin, P.; Von Loewenich, V.; Schuster, H.-P. (Eds.) et al Intensivmedizin notfallmedizin anästhesiologie (1995)

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See detailHypnosis as adjunct therapy in conscious sedation for plastic surgery
Faymonville, Marie ULg; Fissette, Jean ULg; Mambourg, P.-H. et al

in Regional Anesthesia (1995), 20(2), 145-151

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See detailMediators in critical illness
Deby, Ginette ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Current Anaesthesia and Critical Care (1995), 6(1), 3-9

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See detailEffectiveness of a video training programme used to improve error identification and feedback processes by physical education student teachers
Cloes, Marc ULg; Premuzak, Jean

in International Journal of Physical Education (1995), 32(3), 4-10

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See detailInter-individual variability of teachers' feedback: Study in simulated teaching conditions
Cloes, Marc ULg; Denève, Alain; Piéron, Maurice ULg

in European Physical Education Review (1995), 1(1), 83-93

Dans l'enseignement des activités physiques, les réactions de l'enseignant à la prestation des élèves (feedback) constituent l'une des variables déterminantes dans la réussite pédagogique. Les réactions à ... [more ▼]

Dans l'enseignement des activités physiques, les réactions de l'enseignant à la prestation des élèves (feedback) constituent l'une des variables déterminantes dans la réussite pédagogique. Les réactions à la prestation se caractérisent par une grande variabilité interindividuelle. Leur émission fait suite à un processus comportant deux phases: le diagnostic et la prescription. Afin de mettre en évidence le rôle exercé par les facteurs liés aux caractéristiques de l'enseignant sur celles de leurs interventions, nous avons comparé les réactions à la prestation émises par 12 éducateurs physiques lors d'une séance d'enseignement simulé. Grâce à cette technique vidéo, les sujets réagissent à partir de performances motrices identiques. Les feedback ont été comparés entre quatre groupes de sujets caractérisés par des niveaux d'expérience sportive et pédagogique similaires. Une analyse factorielle par correspondance a permis d'identifier des classes de sujets émettant des feedback de même type. Les résultats tendent à souligner que (1) le niveau d'expertise dans la pratique de l'activité enseignée exerce une influence sur la première de ces phases; (2) le degré d'expertise pédagogique contribue à améliorer l'émission du message. [less ▲]

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See detailCultura, pensamiento y escritura
Bottéro, Jean; Vandermeersch, Léon; Lapacherie, Jean-Gérard et al

Book published by Editorial Gedisa (1995)

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See detailIndications et sélection du candidat aux implants
Geerts, Sabine ULg

in Actualités Dentaires de l'Université de Liège (1995), 17

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See detailApproche thérapeutique du cancer épithélial de l'ovaire au CHU Sart Tilman : Conclusions de la réunion interdisciplinaire du 22 mars 1995
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Detroz, Bernard ULg; Herman, Philippe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50

Notre but est de définir une approche multidisciplinaire permettant d'offrir les meilleures chances de guérison ou de survie prolongée aux patientes. Nous nous sommes basés sur notre expérience ... [more ▼]

Notre but est de définir une approche multidisciplinaire permettant d'offrir les meilleures chances de guérison ou de survie prolongée aux patientes. Nous nous sommes basés sur notre expérience personnelle et les données actuelles de la littérature, tout en intégrant les approches innovatrices (ex : chimiothérapie intrapéritonéale précoce). Pour certaines patientes, le pronostic reste trop sombre avec un traitement standard et il nous semble important de leur proposer un traitement potentiellement plus efficace. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of quantitative shape analysis techniques in sedimentology
Pirard, Eric ULg; Hoyez, Bernard

in Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie. Teil I, Allgemeine, Angewandte, Regionale und Historische Geologie (1995), 1(H11/12), 1061-1066

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See detailPhysiological measurements in horses after strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 20

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15 degrees C; relative humidity: 55%), or in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30 degrees C; relative humidity: 75%) and 2) to follow the recovery of the same horses during 1 h after both tests. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 days interval, in TC and in HHC. Some measurements were made during a standardised treadmill exercise test (SET), others during a 1 h recovery period. The SET consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise. During the SET, respiratory airflow and O2 and CO2 fraction in the respiratory gases were continuously recorded, using 2 ultrasonic pneumotachographs connected to a face mask and a mass spectrometer. Oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide output, respiratory quotient and expired minute volume (VE) were obtained on a breath-by-breath basis. The maximal values obtained during the highest intensity of the SET and the values obtained 2 min after the end of the test were used for the comparison between both tests. Heart rate (HR) and skin temperature were continuously recorded, using a heart rate recording system and a real time infrared thermographic unit, respectively. After both SETs in TC and HHC, the horses recovered in TC. Heart rate, respiratory frequency (f) and rectal temperature were regularly measured during 1 h after the test. Venous blood was sampled after the completion of the test for biochemical analysis, namely plasma electrolytes and enzymatic activities. Exercising in HHC induced a reduction of the aerobic metabolism to the total energy requirement, i.e. a 20% decrease of VO2 and 55% increase in lactate, as well as a decrease in VE. The increase in rectal and skin temperature, the dehydration and the weight loss were higher in HHC than in TC. During the recovery period the HR and f remained higher up to 30 min after the end of the SET in HHC while the rectal temperature remained higher up to 60 min after the end of this test. Therefore, despite the fact that our horses recovered in TC after exercising in HHC, there were significant differences between their physiological parameters measured during the recovery. This means that the recovery in air-conditioned unit would probably be an insufficient measure to ensure an adequate cooling of the horses and justify consequently the adaptations proposed by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI), i.e. the decrease of the distance of the run and the increase of the time devoted to the halt between phases [less ▲]

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