References of "1993"
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See detailHyperfunctioning unilateral adrenal macronodule in three patients with Cushing's disease: hormonal and imaging characterization.
Abs, R.; Nobels, F.; Verhelst, J. et al

in Acta Endocrinologica (1993), 129(4), 284-90

We aimed to investigate the dynamics of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol secretion in pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome with bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia presenting as a single ... [more ▼]

We aimed to investigate the dynamics of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol secretion in pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome with bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia presenting as a single adrenal macronodule, and to determine the imaging characteristics of this syndrome. Three female patients were studied. Plasma ACTH and serum cortisol secretion were studied by determining their rhythmicity and pulsatility and their responses to the administration of ovine corticotropin-releasing factor, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, metyrapone, tetracosactrin, insulin and dexamethasone. Techniques used to localize the anatomical lesion were bilateral simultaneous inferior petrosal sinus sampling, magnetic resonance examination of the pituitary, computed tomography (CT) scanning and [75Se]cholesterol scintigraphy of the adrenal glands. Plasma ACTH and serum cortisol levels were measured using a commercial radioimmunoassay and an immunoradiometric assay. The ACTH and cortisol pulse number and amplitude were calculated using established computer software. In all three patients ACTH and cortisol secretory dynamics fulfilled the requirements for diagnosis of pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome. A close relationship between ACTH and cortisol pulses also favored a pituitary dependency. Study of the amplitude of cortisol pulses classified two patients in the group of hypopulsatile Cushing's disease. Adrenal CT scanning demonstrated the presence of a large single nodule. [75Se]Cholesterol scintigraphy showed bilateral radionuclide uptake, although mostly localized over the adrenal nodule. All patients underwent successful trans-sphenoidal hypophysectomy. Over a period of 1 year, a slow shrinkage of the adrenal nodule was observed in two patients, while no change in volume was observed in one patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailAn Enhanced Version of Timed LOTOS and its Application to a Case study
Léonard, Luc; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Tenney, R. L.; Amer, P. D.; Uyar, M. U. (Eds.) FORMAL DESCRIPTION TECHNIQUES, VI (1993, October)

We propose here ET-LOTOS, a timed extension of LOTOS. It is an enhancement of Timed LOTOS that we presented at FORTE 92. We show how some simple modifications allow us to improve the expressiveness of our ... [more ▼]

We propose here ET-LOTOS, a timed extension of LOTOS. It is an enhancement of Timed LOTOS that we presented at FORTE 92. We show how some simple modifications allow us to improve the expressiveness of our former formalism. To assess ET-LOTOS, we apply it to the specification of a small case study. Finally, we show how the semantics of ET-LOTOS could be modified to easily define more powerful operators, if one ever had to. [less ▲]

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See detailLes biopesticides
Heuze, V.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Kapalata, D. et al

Poster (1993, October)

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See detailAntigen microencapsulation using a spray-drying technique.
Zgoulli, S.; Gilsoul, J. J.; Gerard, J. et al

Poster (1993, October)

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See detailDevelopment of a combined mechanical and enzymatic method for the isolation of intact preantral follicles from fetal, calf and adult bovine ovaries
Figueiredo, José Ricardo; Hulshof, S. C. J.; Van den Hurk, R. et al

in Theriogenology (1993), 40(4), 789-799

The isolation of preantral follicles from the ovaries of bovine fetuses, calves and adult cows was performed using a simple, rapid mechanical and enzyme method. The ovaries were cut into small pieces with ... [more ▼]

The isolation of preantral follicles from the ovaries of bovine fetuses, calves and adult cows was performed using a simple, rapid mechanical and enzyme method. The ovaries were cut into small pieces with a tissue chopper. Then, the suspension was filtered successively through 500 and 100 μm nylon mesh filters. This simple mechanical procedure resulted in large numbers of isolated preantral follicles: 2,142 ± 254; 512 ± 92 and 298 ± 54 from the ovaries of bovine fetuses, calves and cows, respectively. In addition, the ovarian fragments between 100 and 500 μm were suspended in 10 ml of M199 Hepes medium plus 5% FCS and divided into 2 equal parts: one portion was used for collagenase treatment (200 U/ml) for 20 minutes, while the other served as a control. Collagenase treatment resulted in 841 ± 161; 216 ± 51 and 52 ± 17 preantral follicles from fetuses, calves and cows, respectively, compared with 312 ± 86; 52 ± 15 and 10 ± 2 in the control group. The use of collagenase with ovarian fragments selected by filtration as a method for increasing the rate of recovery of preantral follicles is described here. [less ▲]

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See detailTONI MORRISON, le griot africain américain de " La quête dre l'identité et des racines"
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (1993)

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See detailEnd-attaching copolymer adsorption: kinetics and effects of chain architecture
Dogan, J. R.; Stamm, Manfred; Toprakcioglu, C. et al

in Macromolecules (1993), 26(20), 5321-5330

In this study we report on the adsorption behavior of end-attaching triblock and diblock copolymers. The triblock copolymers consist of relatively short PEO end blocks and a much longer PS middle block or ... [more ▼]

In this study we report on the adsorption behavior of end-attaching triblock and diblock copolymers. The triblock copolymers consist of relatively short PEO end blocks and a much longer PS middle block or, in one case, of zwitterionic end groups with a PS middle block. The diblock materials consist of a PEO block of fixed length and varying polystyrene lengths. A silicon wafer with an oxide layer is used as the surface, and adsorption takes place from toluene; only the end groups adsorb, leaving the polystyrene block dangling in solution. We find that diblock copolymers which range from symmetric to moderately symmetric obey the scaling law for the surface coverage which was proposed in the theory of Marques and Joanny (i.e., sigma is-proportional-to 1/N(A), where N(A) is the number of segments in the adsorbing block). However, we find that for triblock copolymers of comparable asymmetry the surface coverage scales according to the relationship sigma is-proportional-to 1/beta2, where beta is the ratio of the size of the nonadsorbing block to that of the adsorbing block. This implies that moderately symmetric triblock copolymers behave like highly asymmetric diblock copolymers; the adsorption behavior is dominated by the nonadsorbing block size. Our experiments demonstrate the observation of extremely long-lived nonequilibrium states. On the basis of these observations we propose a simplified version of a recent theory of adsorption which is capable of qualitatively describing much of the experimentally observed phenomena. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface composition of poly(styrene-d8-styrene) random copolymers studied by static secondary ion mass spectroscopy
Affrossman, S.; Hartshorne, M.; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1993), 26(20), 5400-5404

The surface compositions of a series of random copolymers of styrene and deuteriostyrene have been determined by SIMS. The mechanism of fragmentation during the SIMS process is examined, and the ... [more ▼]

The surface compositions of a series of random copolymers of styrene and deuteriostyrene have been determined by SIMS. The mechanism of fragmentation during the SIMS process is examined, and the contribution from naturally occurring isotopes is evaluated. The data are shown to fit a model of a completely random copolymer system if they are corrected for the effects of impurities introduced in the syntheses and for the contribution from C-13. [less ▲]

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See detailStabilité du rachis cervical lors de l'abord antérieur des myélopathies cervicarthrosiques
Lenelle, Jacques ULg; Bex, V.; Dubuisson, Annie ULg et al

Conference (1993, September 24)

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See detailThe national question and the political participation of immigrant ethnic communities in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1993, September 24)

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See detailLa presbyphonie, mesures objectives et proposition thérapeutique.
Remacle, Marc; Boucquey, Donatienne; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

Conference (1993, September 23)

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See detailFate of nitrogen fertilizer applied on two main arable crops, winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) in the loam region of Belgium.
Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Francois, E.; Guiot, Joseph et al

in Plant and Soil (1993, September 21), 155/156

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See detailFoi et Modernité aux XIXe-XXe s. : quelle(s) transaction(s) ?
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg

Scientific conference (1993, September 15)

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See detailMonosomy 11q: Report of Two Familial Cases and Review of the Literature
Hustinx, Roland ULg; Verloes, Alain ULg; Grattagliano, B. et al

in American Journal of Medical Genetics (1993), 47(3), 312-7

We present four children from two families with the typical 11q- phenotype resulting from an unbalanced segregation of a parental translocation. In the first family, the father had a 46,XY,t(5;11)(q24;q23 ... [more ▼]

We present four children from two families with the typical 11q- phenotype resulting from an unbalanced segregation of a parental translocation. In the first family, the father had a 46,XY,t(5;11)(q24;q23.3) constitution. The father of the three other children had a 46,XY,t(11;17)(q23;p13) translocation. Despite associated partial deletion, three of the children had a typical 11q- phenotype. The fourth one, whose pregnancy was terminated in the second trimester, had a hypoplastic left heart but no other considered gross anomalies. A review of 36 previous cases, including 5 due to translocations (4 familial rearrangements, and 1 of unknown origin) is given with emphasis on the relationships between break-points and phenotype. Undescribed manifestations in our patients include agenesis of corpus callosum adactyly and malrotation of the gut. [less ▲]

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See detailErgospirométrie et pratique pneumologique
Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(9), 523-6

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See detailOn the linearity of ESO CCD#9 at CAT+CES.
Gosset, Eric ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg

in The Messenger (1993), 73

Not Available

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See detailPrognosis of human chorionic gonadotropin-producing seminoma treated by postoperative radiotherapy
Mirimanoff, R-O; Sinzig, M; Krüger, M et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1993), 27(1), 17-24

To clarify the controversy about the management and prognosis of human chorionic gonadotropin-producing seminoma, the records of 132 patients with abnormal human chorionic gonadotropin values treated with ... [more ▼]

To clarify the controversy about the management and prognosis of human chorionic gonadotropin-producing seminoma, the records of 132 patients with abnormal human chorionic gonadotropin values treated with radiotherapy were analyzed. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The records of 1169 patients with pure seminoma treated in 10 institutions were screened for serum or urinary human chorionic gonadotropin. One hundred and thirty two patients with elevated human chorionic gonadotropin were found: 96 Stage I, 20 IIA, 7 IIB, 8 III and 1 IV. Median age was 34 y., mean follow-up was 5.0 years [range 1-12 y]. All received infradiaphragmatic radiotherapy (median dose 30 Gy), 25 (2 Stage I, 11 IIA, 5 IIB and 7 III) supradiaphragmatic radiotherapy (median dose: 28.5 Gy) and 10 had also initial chemotherapy (3 Stage IIB 6 III and 1 IV). Patients were allocated to three groups according to human chorionic gonadotropin values: (a) moderate elevation: up to 10 times (104 pts), (b) high elevation: 10 to 100 times (20 pts), (c) very high elevation: over 100 times the upper limit of normal value (8 pts). RESULTS: The proportion of Stage I, II and III was 76%, 19%, 5% in the ME group versus 50%, 35%, 15% in the high elevation group (p < 0.05). In the very high elevation group there were 7 Stage I and 1 Stage IV. Of 132 patients, six died (three dead of disease, two suicides, one acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The 5 years overall survival probability was 94%. There were seven recurrences (initial stage: 1 Stage I, 2 IIB, 3 III and 1 IV). Of these, there were one in-field recurrence, 3 out of field and 3 in both sites. In 5 of 7, the human chorionic gonadotrophin level was again elevated at recurrence. The 5 years recurrence-free-survival probability was 94% (98% for Stage I, 100% for Stage IIA and 65% for Stage IIB and III [p < 0.001 between I and IIB + III, p < 0.05 between IIA and IIB + III]). Four of the 7 recurrences were salvaged by chimiotherapy +/- radiotherapy. In the high elevation and very high elevation groups, the 5 years recurrence-free-survival was 88%, vs. 96% for the moderate elevation group (p = 0.10). CONCLUSION: Based on this series of patients, human chorionic gonadotropin production is not an unfavorable prognostic factor in pure seminoma. Even in the subgroups with high or very high human chorionic gonadotropin levels (who had a higher proportion of advanced stages), the prognosis remained excellent. In Stage I and IIA seminoma with abnormal human chorionic gonadotropin levels, recurrence rate after post-operative radiotherapy alone is extremely low. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for Free Radical Formation During Human Kidney Transplantation
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Franssen, Christine ULg et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (1993), 15(3), 343-8

Fourteen patients undergoing kidney transplantation were studied for evidence of the production of free radicals as assessed by the measurement of vitamin E (an index of lipid peroxidation) and of ... [more ▼]

Fourteen patients undergoing kidney transplantation were studied for evidence of the production of free radicals as assessed by the measurement of vitamin E (an index of lipid peroxidation) and of myeloperoxidase (a marker of neutrophil activation) in the systemic blood. Early (2 min) and late revascularization (30 min) of the kidney were respectively associated with a significant decrease of 35.5 and 40% of the initial level of plasma vitamin E. This consumption paralleled to the decrease of the vitamin E/total lipids ratio, a better indicator of vitamin E status. Heparin administration preceding renal artery clamping resulted in a twofold significant increase of baseline plasma myeloperoxidase (MPO) level (523 +/- 214 ng/ml). At kidney reperfusion, MPO concentration rose again and reached a maximum value of 1,653 +/- 882 ng/ml, indicating the presence of considerable neutrophil activation. A return to the baseline value was observed after 30 min of reperfusion. A short discussion about the possible origin of this MPO increase is given. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that free radical production, leading to lipid peroxidation phenomena, can occur within the early phase of kidney revascularization. Preliminary data using electron spin resonance with the spin-trapping technique strengthen this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular alterations in breast cancers : deregulation of c-erbB2 gene expression.
Gol-Winkler, Rose; Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Grooteclaes, Madeleine et al

Conference (1993, September)

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