Algebraic programming in general relativity and cosmology
De Rop, Yves ; ; et al
in The Big Bang and Georges Lemaître (1984)
Some algebraic programs which can be used for the computer calculation of the explicit forms of analytic expressions and equations in general relativity and cosmology are briefly described. These programs ... [more ▼]
Some algebraic programs which can be used for the computer calculation of the explicit forms of analytic expressions and equations in general relativity and cosmology are briefly described. These programs apply to field equations for Bianchi cosmological models, the Hamiltonian formalism is general relativity, and the application of that formalism to some vacuum inhomogeneous space-times with stationary axisymmetric metrics. These programs are written in the algebraic languages REDUCE 2 and 3 and in LISP. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (5 ULg)
Value of Sulmazol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
; D'Orio, Vincenzo ;
in Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics (1984), 35
Immunoreactive trypsin in the adult respiratory distress syndrome
Deby, Ginette ; ; Pincemail, Joël et al
in Intensive Care Medicine (1984), 10Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Active-site-directed inactivators of the Zn2+-containing D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase of Streptomyces albus G.
Charlier, Paulette ; ; et al
in Biochemical Journal (1984), 219(3), 763-772
Several types of active-site-directed inactivators (inhibitors) of the Zn2+-containing D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase were tested. (i) Among the heavy-atom-containing compounds examined ... [more ▼]
Several types of active-site-directed inactivators (inhibitors) of the Zn2+-containing D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase were tested. (i) Among the heavy-atom-containing compounds examined, K2Pt(C2O4)2 inactivates the enzyme with a second-order rate constant of about 6 X 10(-2)M-1 X S-1 and has only one binding site located close to the Zn2+ cofactor within the enzyme active site. (ii) Several compounds possessing both a C-terminal carboxylate function and, at the other end of the molecule, a thiol, hydroxamate or carboxylate function were also examined. 3-Mercaptopropionate (racemic) and 3-mercaptoisobutyrate (L-isomer) inhibit the enzyme competitively with a Ki value of 5 X 10 X 10(-9)M. (iii) Classical beta-lactam compounds have a very weak inhibitory potency. Depending on the structure of the compounds, enzyme inhibition may be competitive (and binding occurs to the active site) or non-competitive (and binding causes disruption of the protein crystal lattice). (iv) 6-beta-Iodopenicillanate inactivates the enzyme in a complex way. At high beta-lactam concentrations, the pseudo-first-order rate constant of enzyme inactivation has a limit value of 7 X 10(-4)S-1 X 6-beta-Iodopenicillanate binds to the active site just in front of the Zn2+ cofactor and superimposes histidine-190, suggesting that permanent enzyme inactivation is by reaction with this latter residue. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)
Le nombre grammatical et son incidence sur l'injonction rituelle. Une discussion de Shabara et Kumârila à Mîmâmsâ-sûtra III 1 13-14-15
in Acta Iranica. Orientalia J.Duchesne-Guillemin oblata (1984), IX
Exemple d’un débat entre deux adeptes de la philosophie rituelle (mīmāṃsā), d’un genre quasi inconnu en occident. A propos de la phrase « il essuie la coupe (à soma) avec le filtre à dix franges » et d’un ... [more ▼]
Exemple d’un débat entre deux adeptes de la philosophie rituelle (mīmāṃsā), d’un genre quasi inconnu en occident. A propos de la phrase « il essuie la coupe (à soma) avec le filtre à dix franges » et d’un trio de règles liturgiques à ce sujet (Śabarabhāṣya III 1 13-14-15), deux adversaires font assaut de subtilité pour résoudre deux problèmes imbriqués l’un dans l’autre : où est le mot principal dans cet énoncé : la coupe ou l’essuyage (le filtre n’intervient plus) ? l’essuyage se limite-t-il à une seule coupe puisque le mot graha est au singulier ou vaut-il pour toute coupe (= toutes les coupes employées en cette occasion) ? D’une discussion longue et touffue, retenons que la coupe, qui appartient au « déjà là », est le but de l’acte « à venir » (l’essuyage) car elle est son objectif et a donc primauté sur lui. La seconde question est bien plus complexe. En bref, on pose que le singulier dénote ici la classe des coupes et non une seule d’entre elles. L’existence de la « coupéité » qui appartient aux coupes individuelles n’est pas sans rappeler la querelle des universaux en occident. Mais pour nos ritualistes la question est autre : si la phrase ordonnait qu’on essuie la coupe et aussi que cette coupe soit seule, elle donnerait deux injonctions, elle enverrait deux messages. Ce qui créerait une rupture de phrase (vākyabheda), faute grave selon la Mīmāṃsā. Au nom donc du principe sacro-saint que chaque phrase n’a qu’un seule message à délivrer, on déduit que le nombre de coupes à essuyer n’a pas à être tranché. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
A rare complication of ophtalmic zona: spreading cerebral arteritis
; ; Fillet, Georges et al
in Acta Clinica Belgica (1984), 39(3), 159-162Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Large Scale Structural Optimization by Finite Elements
in Atrek, E.; Zienkiewicz, O. C.; Ragsdell, K. M. (Eds.) et al New Directions in Optimum Structural Design (1984)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Etude du mécanisme d'action du cis-dichlorodiammineplatine (II) aux niveaux moléculaire et cellulaire, libre ou lié à des transporteurs.
De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire
Doctoral thesis (1984)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Isolation of follicular dendritic cells from human tonsils and adenoids. I. Procedure and morphological characterization.
; ; Heinen, Ernst et al
in Journal of Immunological Methods (1984), 66(2), 235-44
Follicular dendritic cells have been isolated from human tonsils and adenoids and characterized at the ultrastructural level. Follicles were dissected and digested with different hydrolytic enzymes. The ... [more ▼]
Follicular dendritic cells have been isolated from human tonsils and adenoids and characterized at the ultrastructural level. Follicles were dissected and digested with different hydrolytic enzymes. The cells were separated by sedimentation at unit gravity. By this procedure we obtained follicular dendritic cells enveloping lymphocytes with their cytoplasmic extensions in a way analogous to that described for isolated thymic nurse cells. The ultrastructural features of isolated follicular dendritic cells are similar to those observed in situ. Prolonged enzymatic action caused loss of the enveloped lymphocytes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (2 ULg)
Isolation of follicular dendritic cells from human tonsils and adenoids. II. Immunocytochemical characterization.
Heinen, Ernst ; Lilet, Chantal ; et al
in European Journal of Immunology (1984), 14(3), 267-73
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are specialized cells found only within lymphoid follicles. They bind immune complexes and play a role in the presentation of antigen to follicular B cells and in the ... [more ▼]
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are specialized cells found only within lymphoid follicles. They bind immune complexes and play a role in the presentation of antigen to follicular B cells and in the generation of B cell memory. In the present report the isolation of FDC from human tonsils and adenoids is described. These isolated cells have an unusual spherical arrangement and enclose lymphocytes within extensions of their membranes. Their ultrastructural features are similar to those observed in situ. The reactivity of isolated FDC with a number of monoclonal antibodies was analyzed by immunofluorescence and by immunostaining (at the electron microscopic level) with colloidal gold. In keeping with the results of previous investigations on tissue sections IgM, IgG and IgA (but not IgD) can be detected on the surface of isolated FDC, as can C3b receptors and the FDC-associated antigen detected by monoclonal antibody R4/23. The immunoglobulins associated with FDC are mostly embedded in an electron-dense material. The majority of the lymphoid cells enclosed within the membrane extensions of FDC are of B cell type. These results suggest that isolated FDC may be suitable for further in vitro investigation of their role in the humoral immune response. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
L’édition et le livre populaires : apparition, contenu, avatars.
Conference given outside the academic context (1984)Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Testosterone metabolism and testosterone-dependent characteristics in Japanese quail.
; ; et al
in Physiology & Behavior (1984), 33(5), 817-23
In 2 independent experiments, we measured and correlated in maturing male Japanese quail the individual variations in sexual and aggressive behavior, cloacal gland size, testes weight, plasma testosterone ... [more ▼]
In 2 independent experiments, we measured and correlated in maturing male Japanese quail the individual variations in sexual and aggressive behavior, cloacal gland size, testes weight, plasma testosterone concentrations and intracellular testosterone metabolism by hypothalamus and cloacal gland. Cloacal gland area was only weakly related to plasma testosterone levels but was positively correlated with the production of active androgenic metabolites and negatively related to the production of 5 beta-reduced androgens (inactive) in the glandular tissue. Several measures of behavior were correlated with aspects of the testosterone metabolism in the anterior hypothalamus. In both experiments, the behavior of the birds was also strongly correlated with their testes weight and their cloacal gland area but weakly or not at all with their plasma testosterone levels. These studies suggest that testosterone metabolism is involved in the control of hormone action in maturing animals. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Shape optimal-design using B-splines
; Fleury, Claude
in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics & Engineering (1984), 44(3), 247-267
Shape optimal design of an elastic structure is formulated using a design element technique. It is shown that Bezier and B-spline curves, typical of the CAD philosophy, are well suited to the definition ... [more ▼]
Shape optimal design of an elastic structure is formulated using a design element technique. It is shown that Bezier and B-spline curves, typical of the CAD philosophy, are well suited to the definition of design elements. Complex geometries can be described in a very compact way by a small set of design variables and a few design elements. Because of the B-splines flexibility, it is no longer necessary to piece design elements together in order to agree with the shape complexity, nor to restrict the shape variations. Moreover, the additional optimization constraints that are most often needed to avoid unrealistic designs when the shape variables are the nodal coordinates of a finite element mesh, are automatically taken into account in the new formulation. An analytical derivation of the sensitivity analysis will be established, giving rise to numerical efficiency. It will be seen that the resulting optimization problem does not involve highly nonlinear functions with respect to the shape variables, so that simple mathematical programming algorithms can be applied to solve it. Some numerical examples are offered to demonstrate the power and generality of the new approach presented in this paper. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 92 (5 ULg)
Precise localization of antigens on follicular dendritic cells.
; Heinen, Ernst ; et al
in Cell & Tissue Research (1984), 235(2), 267-74
Horse-spleen ferritin or bovine serum albumin conjugated to colloidal gold (BSA-gold) were injected subcutaneously in preimmunized mice. In draining lymph nodes both antigens were located in macrophages ... [more ▼]
Horse-spleen ferritin or bovine serum albumin conjugated to colloidal gold (BSA-gold) were injected subcutaneously in preimmunized mice. In draining lymph nodes both antigens were located in macrophages or between the cytoplasmic processes of follicular dendritic cells (FDC). Some of the antigens remained trapped on FDC until day 31 after injection. Simultaneous injection of both antigens showed that they were located between the infoldings of the same FDC. These cells are thus able to retain at least two different antigens on their surface. The peculiar arrangement of ferritin between the cytoplasmic infoldings suggests that this antigen is fixed on both cell membranes by specific antibodies. The trapped immune complexes could thus stabilize the FDC membrane system. The antigen retention requires the presence of specific antibodies since BSA-gold or ferritin injected without preimmunization were not found between FDC processes. Nonantigenic materials, such as colloidal gold or carbon particles, are not trapped by FDC, except when injected in large amounts. The antigens were trapped on the surface of FDC, however unfrequently in close contact with lymphocytes. FDC might protect lymphocytes against an excess of immune complexes and act as regulators of contacts between lymphocytes and immune complexes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Le statut anthropologique du Nègre dans le Dictionnaire d’Histoire Naturelle de Valmont de Bomare.
Conference (1984)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Intérêt de la mesure de la fonction du récepteur Fc des monocytes circulants et des macrophages spléniques dans les néphropathies glomérulaires de l'enfant
; ; Malaise, Michel et al
in Revue Médicale de Liège (1984), 39(8), 332-334Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)