References of "2018"
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See detailCreative Economy and Development: International Institution’s Perspectives
De Beukelaer, Christiaan; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in Labadi, Sophia (Ed.) The cultural turn in international aid: impacts and challenges for heritage and the creative industries' (2018)

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See detailNuovi culti eroici nell'alto Ellenismo: una riconsiderazione di destinatari, attori e contesti
Caneva, Stefano ULiege; Coppola, Alessandra

Conference (2018, November)

This paper explores the entanglement between social status and the bestowal of heroic honours upon deceased political leaders and elite members in the late-classical and early Hellenistic period ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the entanglement between social status and the bestowal of heroic honours upon deceased political leaders and elite members in the late-classical and early Hellenistic period. Epigraphic and literary sources shedding light on the establishment, justification and social impact of heroic honours practised by different social groups will be discussed, to investigate the implications of the social status of cult agents and recipients upon the definition of the position of honoured humans in relation to the superhuman sphere. This will also imply exploring the types of relationships existing between private heroic foundations and royal divine foundations in the studied period. Contrary to a generally accepted assumption, it will be argued that heroization was common for members of elite families, while it was not the primary option to reward local political leaders, since their honours were principally modelled after godlike honours. For instance, when they came into existence during the mid-Hellenistic period, cults for high-ranking civic leaders were largely modelled on godlike honours for monarchs, but were decreed after death – it will be argued – to preserve a hierarchical distinction between the social status of their recipients. The posthumous bestowal explains why honours for great civic benefactors also drew on typically heroic honours, such as public burial inside the city. However, similar contaminations of heroic and divine honours had already been exploited for the worshipped deceased kings of the early Hellenistic period (e.g. Alexander at Alexandria, Demetrius at Demetrias), so that a certain mixture of divine and heroic features could be said to have been directly transferred from royal to non-royal leaders. In neither case, however, did the presence of heroic features imply that cultic honours for Hellenistic political leaders would be commonly labelled as heroic. A revealing case is that of the Hellenistic leader Aratus, whose “fitting honours” decreed at Sicyon (Polyb. 8.12-7-8; Plut., Arat. 53) are labelled as heroic by moderns only because they were decreed posthumously. Similarly, at Megalopolis, the posthumous honours for the commander Philopoimen comprised a public tomb in the agora – a typically heroic honour – but were labelled as “honours equal to the gods”, not as heroic. We must wait for the late-Hellenistic and Imperial period to trace a significant multiplication of honours for political leaders explicitly labelled heroic. [less ▲]

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See detailRotational and continuous grazing does not affect the total net ecosystem exchange of a pasture grazed by cattle but modifies CO2 exchange dynamics
Gourlez de la Motte, Louis ULiege; Mamadou, Ossenatou; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2018), 253

Grassland carbon budgets are known to be greatly dependent on management. In particular, grazing is known to directly affect CO2 exchange through consumption by plants, cattle respiration, natural ... [more ▼]

Grassland carbon budgets are known to be greatly dependent on management. In particular, grazing is known to directly affect CO2 exchange through consumption by plants, cattle respiration, natural fertilisation through excreta, and soil compaction. This study investigates the impact of two grazing methods on the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) dynamics and carbon balance, by measuring CO2 fluxes using eddy covariance in two adjacent pastures located in southern Belgium during a complete grazing season. Rotational (RG) grazing consists of an alternation of rest periods and short high stock density grazing periods. Continuous grazing (CG) consists of uninterrupted grazing with variable stocking rates. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the impact of these grazing methods on total net ecosystem exchange and CO2 exchange dynamics using eddy covariance. The results showed that NEE dynamics were greatly impacted by the grazing method. Following grazing events on the RG parcel, net CO2 uptake on the RG parcel was reduced compared to the CG parcel. During the following rest periods, this phenomenon progressively shifted towards a higher assimilation for the RG treatment. This behaviour was attributed to sharp biomass changes in the RG treatment and therefore sharp changes in plant photosynthetic capacity. We found that differences in gross primary productivity at high radiation were strongly correlated to differences in standing biomass. In terms of carbon budgets, no significant difference was observed between the two treatments, neither in cumulative NEE, or in terms of estimated biomass production. The results of our study suggest that we should not expect major benefits in terms of CO2 uptake from rotational grazing management when compared to continuous grazing management in intensively managed temperate pastures. [less ▲]

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See detailRiparian characterization from remote sensing in a multiple scale perspectives. A few examples
Piégay, Hervé; Michez, Adrien ULiege; Raepple, Bianca et al

Conference (2018, October 18)

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See detailA la table du souverain. Modération, excès et hiérarchie dans les banquets de cour hellénistiques et impériaux
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

Conference (2018, October 04)

A travers une sélection de sources littéraires grecques et latines, datant de l’époque d’Alexandre jusqu’à la haute période impériale, on se propose de discuter quelques aspects de la thématique ... [more ▼]

A travers une sélection de sources littéraires grecques et latines, datant de l’époque d’Alexandre jusqu’à la haute période impériale, on se propose de discuter quelques aspects de la thématique concernant l’existence (ou l’absence) de règles morales auxquelles la conduite des souverains devrait être sujette par rapport à la consommation de la nourriture et du vin. Plutôt que de prendre en considération l’aspect médical de la diète royale, l’étude se focalise sur ses implications sociales et symboliques : notamment, le rôle de la consommation sociale de la nourriture dans la définition d’une royauté qui accepte d’obéir à des règles partagées de modération et d’autocontrôle, promues et protégés par les élites, ou qui, par contre, prétend de manifester sa dimension charismatique à travers une conduite se plaçant consciemment au-delà des limites imposées aux sujets. Les textes analysés discutent le thème du rapport entre le souverain et la nourriture soit à travers les récits de banquets devenus célèbres dans la tradition historiographique et rhétorique, soit par le biais de scènes mythiques ou de banquets historiques imaginaires, où la fiction littéraire sert à thématiser le rapport entre le souverain et les élites ainsi que la mise en place d’une hiérarchie de cour. Un aspect crucial de cette analyse concerne l’identification des classes sociales appelées, dans les textes, à définir les règles du rapport entre le roi et la nourriture, ainsi qu’à exercer le rôle de contrôleurs du respect de ces règles. Un autre aspect à considérer est l’appartenance sociale des auteurs des textes qui prescrivent, approuvent ou stigmatisent certaines pratiques. Considérées ensemble, ces deux perspectives nous permettront de discuter les intérêts et l’agenda des groupes qui s’expriment à travers ces textes. Une attention particulière sera donnée à l’époque de transition entre la fin de la période hellénistique et le début du Principat, lorsque la réflexion sur la sobriété ou la tryphè (ou, selon une perspective critique, la débauche) du roi s’inscrit dans une discussion plus large sur le choix de continuité ou de rupture entre le modèle royal hellénistique et le type de pouvoir monarchique universel expérimenté par les premiers empereurs. [less ▲]

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See detailAby Warburg, Textes & Fragments (1926-1929) suivi de "Plasticité du visuel. Montages et usages critiques de l'image chez A. Warburg" (M. Hagelstein)
Hagelstein, Maud ULiege; Letawe, Céline ULiege

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2018)

Assorti d’une série de textes inédits, cet ouvrage monographique vise à faire connaître dans le milieu francophone les écrits d’Aby Warburg (1866-1929), en particulier ceux rédigés dans les dernières ... [more ▼]

Assorti d’une série de textes inédits, cet ouvrage monographique vise à faire connaître dans le milieu francophone les écrits d’Aby Warburg (1866-1929), en particulier ceux rédigés dans les dernières années de sa vie. Peu connus, ces textes datent de la période d’élaboration de l’Atlas d’images Mnemosyne – Atlas dont le succès grandissant auprès des artistes et des théoriciens de l’art n’est plus à démontrer . Mais si Mnemosyne attire de plus en plus les spécialistes des images de tous horizons, on accorde encore peu d’intérêt aux textes et aux notes rédigées par son auteur dans les années 1926-1929. Ces textes auraient du accompagner les planches de l’Atlas si le projet avait abouti. Or, les manuscrits inédits conservés au Warburg Institute (Londres) montrent la portée philosophique des recherches tardives d’Aby Warburg. Il y développe une théorie culturelle de l’image pour le moins originale et qui a profondément influencé certaines démarches plus contemporaines (dans les domaines de l’histoire de l’art, de l’anthropologie du visuel, de la Bildwissenschaft allemande ou des Visual Studies anglo-saxonnes). À l’occasion d’un débat avec les pensées de Nietzsche et de Burckhardt, Warburg élabore une conception nouvelle de la Kultur. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Adaptive Facades: A case study of the Swiss School in Dubai
Bilir, Senem; Attia, Shady ULiege

in Luible, Andreas (Ed.) Adaptive Facades (2018, October)

Adaptive facades are performance based envelopes that are able to respond dynamically to climatic conditions. One of the recognized adaptive façade technologies is electrochromic glazing. However, very ... [more ▼]

Adaptive facades are performance based envelopes that are able to respond dynamically to climatic conditions. One of the recognized adaptive façade technologies is electrochromic glazing. However, very few studies evaluated the performance of electrochromic glazing on the building level. Therefore, we selected a case study of a certified educational building with a nearly zero energy building performance that includes an electrochromic facade. The overall aim of the research is to understand the performance requirements of electrochromic glazing and its overall contribution to energy saving s and thermal and visual comfort improvement. The performance of the Swiss International School in Dubai was analyzed based on interviews with the design and build team, monitored data and post occupancy evaluation. A systematic process mapping took place to review the performance indicators, simulation tools and team responsibilities during the design, construction and operation stages of the building. The paper identifies the key performance criteria of electrochromic glazing in relation to energy and comfort. Finally, we assess the significance of using electrochromic glazing from a technical point of view and share the learned lessons for architects and facade engineers [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Facades Performance Assessment, interviews with facade experts
Attia, Shady ULiege; Bilir, Senem; Safy, Taha

Report (2018)

Adaptive facades can ensure step-change progresses in the energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy while improving the comfort of the occupants. Therefore, the purpose of this structured ... [more ▼]

Adaptive facades can ensure step-change progresses in the energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy while improving the comfort of the occupants. Therefore, the purpose of this structured interview is to assess advantages, disadvantages and future expectations considering the adaptive facades. This work is a part of actions of The COST Action TU1403 Adaptive Façade Network. The objective of this report is to gain an understanding of how experts currently define adaptive façade systems, which simulation tools they use, the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and treats of adaptive façade systems, key performance indicators they use and their vision for the future of adaptive facades. With this information gathered, it is anticipated that adaptive façade professionals will carry on assessment of adaptive facades. A qualitative study design was employed, using semi-structured interviews. Interviewees working in academia and practice were selected. The interviewees represented the range of possible adaptive facade professionals, from researchers and designers considered optimization in the assessment of adaptive facades. Also, every interviewed expert was asked to approve their responses and add any additional comment to their answers. [less ▲]

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See detailAmerican Literature and the Toxic Sublime
Lombard, David ULiege

Book published by Quodlibet (2018)

According to Jennifer A. Peeples, the “toxic sublime” refers to “the tensions that arise from recognizing the toxicity of a place, object or situation, while simultaneously appreciating its mystery ... [more ▼]

According to Jennifer A. Peeples, the “toxic sublime” refers to “the tensions that arise from recognizing the toxicity of a place, object or situation, while simultaneously appreciating its mystery, magnificence and ability to inspire awe”. As an alternative to the “technological sublime”, which creates awe through the contemplation of human efforts to master the environment, it urges us to consider the negative and noxious aspects of such endeavours. Through her analysis of Edward Burtynsky’s “Manufactured Landscapes”, Peeples introduces a new form of sublime aesthetics, which may also be used as a valuable trope in the study of the relationship between literature and our physical environment. My goal in this study is to extend such considerations to the recent history of American literature, using examples such as Rachel Carson’s “A Fable for Tomorrow” (1962), which describes the invisible “lethal film” made of “systemic insecticides” that converts natural species into carcinogenic poison, thus depicting landscapes as intoxicated “places of beauty” that no longer symbolise human abilities to dominate the environment but rather their lack of control over it. Likewise, in Don DeLillo’s novel White Noise (1985), the protagonist Jack Gladney experiences his daughter’s “utterance” of the car brand “Toyota Celica” as “beautiful and mysterious”, which “str[ikes] [him] with the impact of a moment of splendid transcendence”. Gladney then proceeds to relate his family’s “garbage” to his relatives’ selves as it is a “sign[] of [their] deepest nature”. Jack’s approach to human waste shows that what Cynthia Deitering defines as the “toxic consciousness”—the general awareness of the existence of toxicity in the landscape—is to be associated with the protagonist’s idea of “consumer consciousness”. Indeed, the term toxicity can also metaphorically refer to the “poisoned” nature of our relationship to and perception of specific places, objects, or situations. The viewer in national parks, for instance, tends to see the “sublime landscape” as a “series of picturesque scenes”, which allows him to consume the scene as an “object of artistic consumption”. Such examples point to different but related ways of examining distinct forms of toxicity that characterise our relationship with our physical environment. They also prompt us to examine the problematic nature of technology and progress while dealing with the elusive and paradoxical nature of the technological sublime. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersubjectivité et anomalies de l’expérience dans la schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege; Valentiny, Caroline

Scientific conference (2018, June 13)

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See detailEU post-crisis economic and financial market regulation: embedding Member States’ interests within ‘more Europe’
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

in Varju, Marton (Ed.) Between compliance and particularism: Member State interests and European Union law (2018)

In the wake of financial and economic crises, the European Union took unprecedented steps to build an institutional framework accompanying financial market governance. This chapter will outline the EU law ... [more ▼]

In the wake of financial and economic crises, the European Union took unprecedented steps to build an institutional framework accompanying financial market governance. This chapter will outline the EU law techniques used to integrate Member States’ interests in the set-up and functioning of that framework. Following a brief overview and recapitulation of the ‘more Europe’ developments having taken shape in the wake of crisis, the chapter will proceed in summarising how Member States’ interests have been embedded directly within the post-crisis EU regulation framework. It will be submitted that two different and complementary kinds of ‘interest inclusion’ techniques can be distilled, more or less explicitly, within the newly created financial market supervision frameworks. The inclusion and presumed safeguarding of Member States’ interests by virtue of administrative law tools is not entirely unproblematic. The final section of the chapter highlights challenges associated with such interest-inclusion approach and questions whether the a modest way forward in an attempt better to legitimate the current interest inclusion techniques by the EU institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailMededingingsrecht: do's and don'ts voor Belgische ondernemingen
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

Book published by Intersentia (2018)

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See detailTable ronde autour de "Schizophrénie, conscience de soi, intersubjectivité"
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, May 03)

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See detailNet Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation
Attia, Shady ULiege

Book published by Elsevier (2018)

Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation the author provide readers elements to understand, combine and contextualize their design ... [more ▼]

Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB): Concepts, Frameworks and Roadmap for Project Analysis and Implementation the author provide readers elements to understand, combine and contextualize their design decisions on Net Zero Energy Buildings. The book is based on learned lessons from NZEB design, construction, operation and integrating the most relevant topics such as Multidisciplinarity, Climate Sensitivity, Comfort requirements, Carbon footprint, Technology, Construction Quality, and Evidence Based Design. Chapter one introduces the context of high performance buildings, chapter two overviews the definition of NZEB, chapter tree covers the performance thresholds for efficient buildings, chapter four covers the design process and its tools, chapter five covers comfort and indoor environmental quality, chapter six covers materials, chapter seven covers systems and building automation, chapter eight covers micro-grid and smart grid, chapter nine discusses construction quality, chapter ten discusses performance monitoring and post occupancy evaluation, chapter eleven brings case studies and the final chapter covers NZEB Roadmap and tools. Professionals in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction industries will benefit of the definitions of the fundamental concepts of the area as well as from the practical approach to evaluating energy efficient building projects. Researchers and students in the area will find particularly interesting the worldwide case studies and articulation of concepts into an evaluation framework. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of urban pattern on inundation flow in floodplains of lowland rivers
Bruwier, Martin ULiege; Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed El Saeid ULiege; Aliaga, Daniel G. et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2018), 622–623

The objective of this paper is to investigate the respective influence of various urban pattern characteristics on inundation flow. A set of 2,000 synthetic urban patterns were generated using an urban ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is to investigate the respective influence of various urban pattern characteristics on inundation flow. A set of 2,000 synthetic urban patterns were generated using an urban procedural model providing locations and shapes of streets and buildings over a square domain of 1 x 1 km². Steady two-dimensional hydraulic computations were performed over the 2,000 urban patterns with identical hydraulic boundary conditions. To run such a large amount of simulations, the computational efficiency of the hydraulic model was improved by using an anisotropic porosity model. This model computes on relatively coarse computational cells, but preserves information from the detailed topographic data through porosity parameters. Relationships between urban characteristics and the computed inundation water depths have been based on multiple linear regressions. Finally, a simple mechanistic model based on two district-scale porosity parameters, combining several urban characteristics, is shown to capture satisfactorily the influence of urban characteristics on inundation water depths. The findings of this study give guidelines for more flood-resilient urban planning. [less ▲]

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See detailHellenistic cultic foundations for the dead: Civic, royal, individual, and groups' initiatives in interaction
Caneva, Stefano ULiege

Conference (2018, May)

The paper explores the interaction between different kinds of social agents in the funding and management of cult foundations for the dead in the late-classical and Hellenistic period. Textual and ... [more ▼]

The paper explores the interaction between different kinds of social agents in the funding and management of cult foundations for the dead in the late-classical and Hellenistic period. Textual and archaeological dossiers will be discussed in order to 1) investigate the occupation of sacred space in existing sanctuaries and other public spaces as well as the creation of new sacred places, specifically meant to host ritual practice for dead individuals or groups; 2) provide a comparative analysis of the patterns of establishment, funding and management of cult foundations pertaining to civic, royal, individual or groups' initiatives; 3) explore the forms of interaction between various agents involved, e.g. between civic and private initiative in funding and management. When possible, these considerations will also be integrated with an evaluation of the religious status attributed to the honoured persons, with particular attention to the semantic fields of heroization and deification. Thus an attempt will be made at tracking down possible general trends of religious administration beyond local particularities, and at schematizing these configurations in a model taking into account four factors: the social status of ritual agents and recipients; the religious status acknowledged to cult recipients; the methods of funding and management; the degree of monumentalization and social impact of the cult foundations. [less ▲]

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See detailBehavior of steel frame structures under natural fire and collapse mechanisms during cooling
Gernay, Thomas ULiege; Gamba, Antonio; Elhami Khorasani, Negar

Conference (2018, April 20)

Structural fire engineering has long relied on a prescriptive approach based on isolated member behavior under continuously heating standard fire. By definition, this approach does not allow comprehending ... [more ▼]

Structural fire engineering has long relied on a prescriptive approach based on isolated member behavior under continuously heating standard fire. By definition, this approach does not allow comprehending the effects of interaction between members of a complete structure nor the effects of real fire exposure. Yet, such effects can have a significant influence on the response of real buildings to fire. Notably, when a structure has survived a fully developed fire, the cooling phase that inevitably follows generates effects that may endanger the structure stability. This has been attested by real structural collapses and poses a specific threat to firefighters. However, the behavior of structures under natural fire and the causes of failure during cooling are still not well understood. This research investigates the response of steel-framed structures to natural fires with the aim to analyze the possible collapse mechanisms during cooling. Numerical simulations by nonlinear finite element method are conducted for different fire scenarios and structural designs. The simulations model the thermo-mechanical behavior of the frames accounting for the interaction between members during the entire fire duration until burnout. Different collapse mechanisms during cooling are highlighted and discussed, including connection failure and progressive collapse under localized fire. In the latter case, collapse of members not directly affected by the fire occurs during the cooling phase. These mechanisms result from a complex combination of several factors, such as the recovery of thermal elongation, the recovery of stiffness, and the prior development of permanent strains in the heated members. The results show that steel-framed structures are subject to collapse during the cooling phase of natural fires. Therefore, natural fires with heating-cooling sequences represent a loading case that should be considered in structural fire analyses and could lead to specific design provisions to prevent the occurrence of collapse during cooling. [less ▲]

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