References of "1990"
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See detailCrise, malaise : que veulent les enseignants ?
Seba, Jean-Renaud ULg

Article for general public (1990)

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See detailListe des étoiles Ap et Am dans les amas ouverts (Edition révisée)
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Bulletin d'Information du Centre de Données Stellaires (1990), 38

We give a revised, and more complete, version of the "Catalogue of Ap and Am stars in open clusters given elsewhere (Renson, 1988a).

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See detailMiscellaneous spectroscopic observations of quasars and quasar candidates
Veron, P.; Veron-Cetty, M.-P.; Djorgovski, S. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1990), 86

Spectroscopic observations are presented for 11 quasar candidates, as well as 19 quasars with uncertain redshift, three BL Lac candidates, and 11 objects located within a few arcsec of a quasar. The ... [more ▼]

Spectroscopic observations are presented for 11 quasar candidates, as well as 19 quasars with uncertain redshift, three BL Lac candidates, and 11 objects located within a few arcsec of a quasar. The spectra indicate than nine of the 11 quasar candidates are stars, while the remaining two are low-redshift galaxies. The individual objects studied and commented on include KPNO 1, CFHT 2, Q 0010+023, UM 232, UM 473, WEE 124, UM 644, PKS 1514+197, MC3 1639+155, and WEE 185. [less ▲]

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See detailCatalogue of Lambda Bootis Candidates
Renson, Pierre ULg; Faraggiana, R.; Boehm, C.

in Bulletin d'Information du Centre de Données Stellaires (1990), 38

Not Available

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See detailCharacterization of an Enterococcus Hirae Penicillin-Binding Protein 3 with Low Penicillin Affinity
Piras, Graziella; El Kharroubi, Aboubaker; van Beeumen, Jozef et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (1990), 172(12), 6856-6862

Enterococcus hirae S185, a clinical isolate from swine intestine, exhibits a relatively high resistance to penicillin and contains two 77-kDa penicillin-binding proteins 3 of high (PBP 3s) and low (PBP 3r ... [more ▼]

Enterococcus hirae S185, a clinical isolate from swine intestine, exhibits a relatively high resistance to penicillin and contains two 77-kDa penicillin-binding proteins 3 of high (PBP 3s) and low (PBP 3r) affinity to penicillin, respectively. A laboratory mutant S185r has been obtained which overproduces PBP 3r and has a highly increased resistance to penicillin. Peptide fragments specifically produced by trypsin and SV8 protease digestions of PBP 3r were isolated, and the amino acid sequences of their amino terminal regions were determined. On the basis of these sequences, oligonucleotides were synthesized and used as primers to generate, by polymerization chain reaction, a 233-bp DNA fragment the sequence of which translated into a 73-amino-acid peptide segment of PBP 3r. These structural data led to the conclusion that the E. hirae PBP 3r and the methicillin-resistant staphylococcal PBP 2' are members of the same class of high-Mr PBPs. As shown by immunological tests, PBP 3r is not related to PBP 3s but, in contrast, is related to the 71-kDa PBP 5 of low penicillin affinity which is responsible for penicillin resistance in E. hirae ATCC 9790 and R40. [less ▲]

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See detailLe "Plan d'affaire", premier pas vers une réflexion stratégique pour la petite et moyenne entreprise
Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in La Vie au Bureau (1990), 1990(Décembre), 17-23

This paper discusses the structure and the content of a "Business Plan" when this tool is dedicated to base strategic thinking in a SME

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See detailAn expert system for the real time control of a building heating plant
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg; Rivez, Jean-François et al

in Proceedings of the Third international conference on system simulation in buildings (1990, December)

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See detailResponse to Epidermal Growth Factor of Skin Fibroblasts from Donors of Varying Age Is Modulated by the Extracellular Matrix
Colige, Alain ULg; Nusgens, Betty ULg; Lapiere, ChM

in Journal of Cellular Physiology (1990), 145(3), 450-7

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the biosynthetic activity of skin fibroblasts from donors of varying age and the modulation of their response ... [more ▼]

The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the biosynthetic activity of skin fibroblasts from donors of varying age and the modulation of their response to this growth factor by culture in a three-dimensional extracellular matrix. When cultured in monolayer on plastic or at the surface of a collagen gel, EGF specifically inhibited collagen synthesis whatever the age of the donor (from 17 to 84 years, n = 11). This inhibition was paralleled by a significant decrease in the steady-state level of procollagen type I mRNAs. When embedded in a three-dimensional floating collagen lattice, EGF stimulated the non-collagen protein (NCP) synthesis in fibroblasts from younger donors (5 out of 6) while fibroblasts from the older ones were not affected. Collagen production by fibroblasts from younger donors was not inhibited as in monolayer (some being even stimulated) while that of the older donors was inhibited as observed in monolayer. The steady-state level of procollagen type I mRNA was not modified by EGF in the three-dimensional culture. No significant difference was observed in the affinity and the number of EGF receptors of the fibroblasts on plastic or embedded in a collagen lattice between young and aged donors. Our results suggest that the environment of the cells can modulate the reactivity to EGF and reveal differences related to in vivo aging. [less ▲]

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See detailDiurnal Rhythmicity in the Pattern of Mrnas in the Leaves of Sinapis Alba
Cremer, Frédéric ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg; Van de Walle, Claude ULg et al

in Plant Physiology (1990), 94(4), 1590-1597

Previous studies have shown that certain specific leaf mRNAs exhibit a diurnal rhythmicity in their quantity in higher plants. To determine whether this situation is restricted to a few mRNAs, or affects ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have shown that certain specific leaf mRNAs exhibit a diurnal rhythmicity in their quantity in higher plants. To determine whether this situation is restricted to a few mRNAs, or affects a large number, we have used in vitro translation and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to analyze the mRNA complement in leaves of Sinapis alba at different times during an 8-hour/16-hour day/night cycle. A method for the visual analysis of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was also developed. This method selected, at each sampling time, spots that were significant. It then selected, between two sampling times, intensity changes that were significant at the 0.02 confidence level. During a day/night cycle, complex rhythmic changes affected about 10% of the mRNAs. Nineteen different rhythm patterns were found. These 19 patterns fell into four main classes: mRNAs that increase during the light period and decrease during the dark, mRNAs that increase and then decrease during the light period, mRNAs that decrease during the light period and increase during the dark period, and mRNAs that increase and then decrease during the dark period. [less ▲]

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See detailHeparin-induced thrombocytopenia: A case report
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg; David, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Angiology (1990), 41(12), 1075-1081

The authors report a case of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, in whom massive pulmonary embolism occurred in spite of heparin anticoagulation. Successful pulmonary thrombectomy was carried out under ... [more ▼]

The authors report a case of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, in whom massive pulmonary embolism occurred in spite of heparin anticoagulation. Successful pulmonary thrombectomy was carried out under cardiopulmonary bypass, with limitation of platelet clumping during bypass by aggregation inhibitors. This report is a comprehensive contribution to a better understanding of this rare immunoallergic complication of heparin administration, with a high incidence of serious thromboembolic events. The optimal management for cases of unavoidable reexposure to heparin is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma renin activity and urine beta 2-microglobulin during and after cardiopulmonary bypass: pulsatile vs non-pulsatile perfusion
Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in European Heart Journal (1990), 11(12), 1079-1082

Fourteen patients with normal preoperative renal function underwent aortocoronary bypass graft using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with pulsatile (P;n = 7) or non pulsatile (NP;n = 7) perfusion. In the two ... [more ▼]

Fourteen patients with normal preoperative renal function underwent aortocoronary bypass graft using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with pulsatile (P;n = 7) or non pulsatile (NP;n = 7) perfusion. In the two groups prebypass values of plasma renin activity (PRA) and urine beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M) were within normal limits. PRA increased significantly during CPB and the first 6 h after CPB only in the non-pulsatile group. In both groups, the urine beta 2-M level increased significantly during and after CPB; however, there was no significant difference in urine beta 2-M levels between the two groups. Also, the amount of beta 2-M excreted in urines per unit of time increased significantly in both groups during and after CPB; there was no significant difference between the two groups. [less ▲]

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See detailAn automatic remeshing technique for finite element simulation of forming processes
Habraken, Anne ULg; Cescotto, Serge ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (1990), 30(8), 1503-1525

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See detailAn automatic remeshing processor
Habraken, Anne ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1990), 24

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See detailEffects of the Nonsteroidal Inhibitor R76713 on Testosterone-Induced Sexual Behavior in the Japanese Quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica)
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Evrard, L.; Surlemont, C.

in Hormones & Behavior (1990), 24(4), 510-31

A new triazole derivative, R76713 (6-[4-chlorophenyl)(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]-1-methyl-1H- benzotriazole), was recently shown to inhibit aromatase selectively without affecting other steroid ... [more ▼]

A new triazole derivative, R76713 (6-[4-chlorophenyl)(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]-1-methyl-1H- benzotriazole), was recently shown to inhibit aromatase selectively without affecting other steroid-metabolizing enzymes and without interacting with estrogen, progestin, or androgen receptors. This compound was tested for its capacity to intefere with the induction of copulatory behavior by testosterone (T) in castrated Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). In a first experiment, R76713 inhibited (range 0.01 to 1 mg/kg) the activation of sexual behavior by T silastic implants and hypothalamic aromatase activity in castrated male quail in a dose-dependent manner. The 5 alpha- and 5 beta- reductases of T were not systematically affected. Stereotaxic implantation of R76713 in the medial preoptic area similarly blocked the behavior activated by systemic treatment with T, demonstrating that central aromatization of androgen is implicated in the activation of behavior. These inhibiting effects of R76713 on behavior were observed when implants were placed in the medial part of the nucleus preopticus medialis, confirming the implication of this brain area in the control of male copulatory behavior. Finally, the behavioral inhibition produced by R76713 could be reversed by simultaneous treatment with a dose of estradiol, which was not behaviorally effective by itself. This suggests that the behavioral deficit induced by the inhibitor was specifically due to the suppression of estrogen production. This also shows that the activation of copulatory behavior probably results from the interaction of androgens and estrogens at the brain level, as the two treatments separately providing these hormonal stimuli (T with the aromatase inhibitor on one hand and a low dose of estradiol on the other hand) had almost no behavioral effects but they synergized to activate copulation when given concurrently. These data confirm the critical role of preoptic aromatase in the activation of reproductive behavior and demonstrate that R76713 is a useful tool for the in vivo study of estrogen-dependent processes. [less ▲]

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See detailAspects pratiques de l'utilisation des antidépresseurs
Pitchot, William ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg; Franck, Georges ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1990), 45(12), 597-613

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See detailMalouf's Great Divide
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Australian Book Review (1990), (127), 1743

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See detailAccuracy in Early Prediction of Prognosis of Patients with Septic Shock by Analysis of Simple Indices: Prospective Study
D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg; Mendes, P.; Saad, G. et al

in Critical Care Medicine (1990), 18(12), 1339-45

In 26 consecutive septic shock patients, we analyzed the clinical, hemodynamic, and metabolic data before and during volume infusion to test their circulatory reserve in response to fluid repletion. These ... [more ▼]

In 26 consecutive septic shock patients, we analyzed the clinical, hemodynamic, and metabolic data before and during volume infusion to test their circulatory reserve in response to fluid repletion. These patients were investigated to identify early variables that could predict outcome. There were 15 survivors (group A) and 11 nonsurvivors (group B). As a mean, group A patients were hemodynamically evaluated 2.3 h after onset of the sepsis syndrome, whereas group B patients underwent cardiac catheterization after a 12-h interval. At the initial evaluation, both groups demonstrated similarly decreased mean arterial pressure, mean heart rate, and mean cardiac filling pressure. Only group A patients evidenced elevated cardiac index (CI) (greater than 4 L/min.m2) associated with low systemic vascular resistance index (less than 7400 dyne.sec/cm5.m2), which is generally recognized as hyperdynamic cardiac state. However, none of the initial cardiovascular variables could serve as a predictor for survival. Fluid challenge increased left ventricular preload from 6 to 12.4 and from 7.8 to 12.7 mm Hg in group A and group B, respectively. The increases were associated with significant increases in CI from 4.4 to 6.9 and from 3 to 3.8 L/min.m2. However, at the end of fluid challenge, only group A patients exhibited normal cardiac response, as evidenced by the change in left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) for a given increase in the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (WP) that was referred to as left cardiac preload.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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