References of "Willet, Nicolas"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailSingle molecule interactions of bio-adhesive-inspired polymers with inorganic and organic surfaces
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Giamblanco, Nicoletta ULg; Faure, Emilie ULg et al

Conference (2010, July)

Numerous living creatures have developed adhesion strategies to stick to inorganic or organic surfaces in wet environments. A classic example of permanent bioadhesion is exemplified by mussels, which ... [more ▼]

Numerous living creatures have developed adhesion strategies to stick to inorganic or organic surfaces in wet environments. A classic example of permanent bioadhesion is exemplified by mussels, which secrete adhesive proteins containing a high concentration of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) 1, 2. The catechol species of DOPA are thought to be responsible for the strong adhesion to inorganic surfaces, whereas the oxidized o-quinone species trigger the cross-linking of the glue, ensuring cohesion. The unoxidized form of DOPA is known to adhere to a large variety of inorganic surfaces, although the adhesion mechanism is not yet fully understood.3, 4 A clear understanding is however essential for the design of synthetic adhesive polymers required in many surface science applications. Here we investigate at the single-molecule level the interaction forces between AFM tips coated with bio-inspired polymers and a variety of inorganic and organic surfaces. We prepared polymers bearing several amounts of DOPA units and covalently attached them to AFM tips following our previously published strategy.5, 6 They were homo-or co-polymers and were cross-linked or not. These original bio-inspired tips were used to perform single-molecule force spectroscopy on a range of model, as well as industrial such as stainless and galvanized steel, substrates. The specific interaction forces measured in water were compared with the ones exerted by the same polymers without DOPA. It was found that, depending on the nature of the substrate, the presence of DOPA strongly, or only slightly, increases the interaction forces with the surface. We also investigated the influence of the oxidation state of the catechol species on the intensity of the interaction forces. Again, this influence is strongly related to the nature of the substrate. Finally, we studied the effect of polymer cross-linking on the adhesive interactions. 1. Waite, J. H.; Tanzer, M. L. Science 1981, 212, 1038. 2. Waite, J. H.; Housley, T. J.; Tanzer, M. L. Biochemistry 1985, 24, 5010. 3. Lee, H.; Scherer, N. F.; Messersmith, P. B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2006, 103, 12999. 4. Wang, J.; Nawaz Tahir, M.; Kappl, M.; Tremel, W.; Metz, N.; Barz, M.; Theato, P.; Butt, H.-J. Adv. Mater. 2008, 20, 3872. 5. Gabriel, S.; Jérôme, C; Jérôme, R.; Fustin, C.-A.; Pallandre, A.; Plain, J.; Jonas, A. M.; Duwez, A.-S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 8410. 6. Cecchet, F.; Lussis, P.; Jérôme, C.; Gabriel, S.; Silva-Goncalves, E.; Jérôme, R.; Duwez, A.-S. Small 2008, 4, 1101. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA green and refillable antibacterial coating for stainless steel
Faure, Emilie ULg; Charlot, Aurélia; Sciannaméa, Valérie et al

Poster (2010, June 29)

Because of its resistance to corrosion and chemicals, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel (SS) is widely used in the daily life (food industry, household appliances, surgery … ... [more ▼]

Because of its resistance to corrosion and chemicals, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel (SS) is widely used in the daily life (food industry, household appliances, surgery …). However, SS is unable to prevent bacteria from adhering, proliferating and forming a resistant biofilm when ageing. Therefore, surface modification is needed for providing durable antibacterial properties. We report here on an all-in-one approach to prepare refillable antimicrobial films using the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes. Specifically designed biocidal multilayered polyelectrolyte films that bear 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), known as a promoter of adhesion to inorganic surfaces, were deposited onto SS. DOPA was incorporated in the polycationic chains by radical copolymerisation of N-methacrylated DOPA with the quaternary ammonium salt of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA+). In order to boost the antibacterial activity of the polycationic layer, AgNO3 was added to the aqueous solution of P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+), which resulted in the in-situ formation of silver based nanoparticles, sources of biocial Ag+. The layer-by-layer deposition of aqueous P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+)/AgCl/Ag0 suspension and aqueous solution of poly(styrene sulfonate) provides high antibacterial activity against Gram-negative E. Coli bacteria. Moreover, after silver depletion, films retain some antimicrobial activity, thanks to ammonium groups of the copolymer. We also show that the antibacterial activity of the films can then be easily re-boosted. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (16 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA robust antibacterial coating for stainless steel
Faure, Emilie ULg; Charlot, Aurélia; Sciannaméa, Valérie et al

Conference (2010, March 23)

Because of corrosion, chemical resistance, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel is widely used in the daily life, not only in the building industry but also in the food industry ... [more ▼]

Because of corrosion, chemical resistance, relevant mechanical and esthetical properties, stainless steel is widely used in the daily life, not only in the building industry but also in the food industry, the appliances or in the medical field, including implants in orthopedic surgery. However, stainless steel is unable to prevent bacteria from adhering, proliferating and forming a resistant biofilm. Therefore, surface modification is needed for providing the metal surface with antibacterial properties. The scientific literature is very rich in describing various methods for imparting antibacterial properties to different inorganic supports. However, the activity of the coating is generally time limited by the diffusion of the biocide in the environment. Novel robust and stable antibacterial coatings on stainless steel are thus highly desirable for the durability of the functionality. In this communication, we report on an all-in-one approach to prepare robust antimicrobial films on stainless steel using the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes. Novel biocidal multilayered polyelectrolyte films in which the polycationic layer is silver loaded and bears 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), known as a promoter of adhesion to inorganic surfaces, were deposited onto stainless steel. DOPA was incorporated in the polycationic chains by radical copolymerisation of N-methacrylated DOPA with the commercially available quaternary ammonium salt of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA+). Polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) was the polyanionic constituent of the films. In order to boost the antibacterial activity of the polycationic layer, AgNO3 was added to the aqueous solution of P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+), which resulted in the in-situ formation of silver based nanoparticles (Ag° and AgCl) that are sources of biocial Ag+. The layer-by-layer deposition of aqueous P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+)/AgCl/Ag0 suspension and aqueous solution of PSS provides stainless steel with high antibacterial activity against Gram-negative E. Coli bacteria. Moreover, after silver depletion, films retain some antimicrobial activity, thanks to the ammonium groups of the copolymer. We will also show how the antibacterial activity of the films can then be easily re-boosted. The multi-functionality of the P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+) is a key issue in this process (i) the DOPA co-units are anchored to stainless steel, (ii) these co-units reduce partly AgNO3 into Ag0 nanoparticles and stabilize them by chelation, (iii) the chloride counter-anions react with AgNO3 by ionic exchange, leading to the in situ formation of AgCl particles, and (iv) the ammonium groups are responsible for permanent antibacterial activity. Besides the advantage of the all-in-one process, another major advantage of the approach proposed here is the implementation of the whole process of film formation, including the synthesis of P(DOPA)-co-P(DMAEMA+), in aqueous media under very mild conditions. It makes the strategy very attractive for industrial scaling-up and sustainability applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 147 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPoly(acrylic acid) with disulfide bond for the elaboration of pH-responsive brush surfaces
Van Camp, Wim; Du Prez, Filip E; Alem, Halima et al

in European Polymer Journal (2010), 46(2), 195-201

We report on a new route for the facile prepn. of pH-responsive tethered brushes on metallic surfaces, starting from poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) contg. a disulfide (S-S) bond (PAA-S-S-PAA). First, atom ... [more ▼]

We report on a new route for the facile prepn. of pH-responsive tethered brushes on metallic surfaces, starting from poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) contg. a disulfide (S-S) bond (PAA-S-S-PAA). First, atom transfer radical polymn. (ATRP) of 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate (EEA) with a disulfide-contg. initiator was performed to obtain the poly(EEA) precursor polymer (PEEA-S-S-PEEA). Deprotection of PEEA by a heating step resulted in the desired PAA chains without any further purifn. The brushes, obtained by the grafting to' of PAA-S-S-PAA onto gold, were then characterized by at. force microscopy in water at various pH values. The results evidence a large collapsing/swelling capacity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAll-in-one strategy for the fabrication of antimicrobial biomimetic films on stainless steel
Charlot, Aurélia; Sciannamea, Valérie; Lenoir, Sandrine et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2009), 19

Here we report on an all-in-one approach to prepare robust antimicrobial films on stainless steel. The strategy is based on the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes. A polycationic copolymer ... [more ▼]

Here we report on an all-in-one approach to prepare robust antimicrobial films on stainless steel. The strategy is based on the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolytes. A polycationic copolymer bearing 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine units (DOPA, a major component of natural adhesives) was synthesized and co-deposited with precursors of silver nanoparticles as the first layer. The presence of DOPA units ensures a strong anchoring on the stainless steel substrate, and the silver nanoparticles are sources of biocidal Ag+, providing stainless steel with antimicrobial activity. We show that multilayered films, obtained by alternating this nanoparticle-loaded polycationic copolymer with polystyrene sulfonate, a commercial polyanion, results in stainless steel with high antibacterial activity against Gram-negative E. coli bacteria. The polycationic layers are a reservoir of Ag+ that can be reactivated after depletion. The whole process of film formation, including the synthesis of the copolymer, is conducted in aqueous media under very mild conditions, which makes it very attractive for industrial scale-up and sustainable applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (28 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGold-loaded carbon nanoparticles from poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) non-shell-cross-linked micelles
Bryaskova, Rayna; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

in Chemistry : An Asian Journal (2009), 4(8), 1338-1345

Herein we show that a new amphiphilic poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) block copolymer dispersed in water can be easily loaded with gold nanoparticles by addition of chlorauric acid followed by ... [more ▼]

Herein we show that a new amphiphilic poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) block copolymer dispersed in water can be easily loaded with gold nanoparticles by addition of chlorauric acid followed by reduction by sodium borohydride. After deposition of the so-loaded micelles onto a silicon wafer, followed by an appropriate thermal treatment, the poly(acrylonitrile) core of the micelles is carbonized, while the poly(vinyl alcohol) shell is completely decomposed and volatilized, leading to gold encapsulated in carbon nanoparticles. The morphology of the micelles is maintained during thermal treatment without requiring shell-cross-linking of the micelles prior to pyrolysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (36 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCore-Shell-Corona Micelles by PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO Copolymers: Focus on the Water-Induced Micellization Process
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Gohy, Jean-François; Auvray, Loïc et al

in Langmuir (2008), 24(7), 3009-3015

It is now well established that amphiphilic PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO linear triblock copolymers can form multilayered assemblies, thus core-shell-corona (CSC) micelles, in water. Micellization is triggered by ... [more ▼]

It is now well established that amphiphilic PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO linear triblock copolymers can form multilayered assemblies, thus core-shell-corona (CSC) micelles, in water. Micellization is triggered by addition of a small amount of water into a dilute solution of the PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO copolymer in a non-selective organic solvent. However, the phenomena that take place at the very beginning of this process are poorly documented. How these copolymer chains are perturbed by addition of water was investigated in this work by light and neutron scattering techniques and transmission electron microscopy. It was accordingly possible to determine the critical water concentration (CWC), the compactness of the nano-objects in solution, their number of aggregation, and their hydrodynamic diameter at each step of the micellization process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (18 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA Chemical Platform for the Design of Versatile AFM Probes
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Hinterdorfer, Peter; Schütz, Gerhard; Pohl, Peter (Eds.) Proceedings of the IX. Linz Winter Workshop 2007 (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFast multiresponsive micellar gels from a smart ABC triblock copolymer
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Gohy, Jean-François; Lei, Liangcai et al

in Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) (2007), 46(42), 7988-7992

The triblock copolymer PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO undergoes simultaneous micellization and gelation, leading to high-storage-modulus materials that have fast responses to pH value, temperature, ionic strength, and ... [more ▼]

The triblock copolymer PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO undergoes simultaneous micellization and gelation, leading to high-storage-modulus materials that have fast responses to pH value, temperature, ionic strength, and shearing. The gel has a hierarchical structure with spherical core-shell-corona micelles, which, in turn, pack closely into an ordered cubic structure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAmphiphilic poly(vinyl acetate)-b-poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) and novel double hydrophilic poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) block copolymers prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2007), 40(20), 7111-7118

Well-defined amphiphilic block copolymers of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) and poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP) were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP). The NVP polymerization ... [more ▼]

Well-defined amphiphilic block copolymers of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) and poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PNVP) were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP). The NVP polymerization initiated by poly(vinyl acetate) end-capped by the cobalt(II)acetylacetonate complex met the criteria of controlled polymerization, i.e., first-order kinetic in NVP, increase of the molar mass with the NVP conversion, and narrow molar mass distribution. Therefore, the length of the two blocks can be tuned by the [VAc]/[Co(acac)(2)] and the [NVP]/[PVAc] ratios for the synthesis of the macroinitiator and the polymerization of the second monomer, respectively. These amphiphilic PVAc-b-PNVP block copolymers were easily converted into the double hydrophilic PVOH-b-PNVP counterparts by selective methanolysis of the PVAc block. These two types of copolymers were prone to self-association into micelles in appropriate solvents. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSynthesis, characterization and applications of pH-responsive core-shell-corona micelles in water
Willet, Nicolas ULg

Doctoral thesis (2007)

ABC triblock copolymers self-organize into a wide variety of supramolecular structures in the bulk. However, their associative behavior in selective solvents has scarcely been studied. Within the search ... [more ▼]

ABC triblock copolymers self-organize into a wide variety of supramolecular structures in the bulk. However, their associative behavior in selective solvents has scarcely been studied. Within the search for new stimuli-responsive supramolecular architectures, our attention focused on a pH-responsive polystyrene-b-poly(2-vinylpyridine)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO) triblock copolymer. In addition to the synthesis of monodisperse spherical core-shell-corona (CSC) micelles, the reversibility and the cooperativity of the response to pH variations were studied, morphological transitions were induced and multi-responsive micellar gels were prepared. The micellization mechanism, the structure, the responsiveness and the internal organization of these new nanomaterials were investigated using a combination of transmission electronic microscopy, atomic force microscopy, light scattering, small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance and rheology. Finally, efforts were geared towards potential applications. The ability of PS-b-P2VP-b-PEO CSC micelles to encapsulate and release hydrophobic species was probed and gold nanoparticles were successfully synthesized within the P2VP layer of spherical and cylindrical micelles, which acted as nanoreactors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (99 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCopolymerization of vinyl acetate with 1-octene and ethylene by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Bryaskova, Rayna ULg; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Degée, Philippe et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2007), 45(12), 2532-2542

The cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate was extended to copolymerization with I-alkenes (ethylene or 1-octene). In agreement with the low amount of I-alkene that could be incorporated ... [more ▼]

The cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate was extended to copolymerization with I-alkenes (ethylene or 1-octene). In agreement with the low amount of I-alkene that could be incorporated into the copolymer, a gradient structure was predictable, but a. rather low polydispersity was observed. A poly(vinyl acetate)-b-poly(octene) copolymer was also successfully synthesized, leading to a poly (vinyl alcohol)-b-poly(octene) amphiphilic copolymer upon the methanolysis of the poly (vinyl acetate) block. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of poly(vinyl acetate)-b-polystyrene and poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization
Bryaskova, Rayna ULg; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2007), 45(1), 81-89

Well-defined poly(vinyl acetate) macroinitiators, with the chains thus end-capped by a cobalt complex, were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and used to initiate styrene ... [more ▼]

Well-defined poly(vinyl acetate) macroinitiators, with the chains thus end-capped by a cobalt complex, were synthesized by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and used to initiate styrene polymerization at 30 degrees C. Although the polymerization of the second block was not controlled, poly(vinyl acetate)-b-polystyrene copolymers were successfully prepared and converted into amphiphilic poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers by the methanolysis of the ester functions of the poly(vinyl acetate) block. These poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene copolymers self-associated in water with the formation of nanocups, at least when the poly(vinyl alcohol) content was low enough. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailpH-responsive micelles in dilute and gel-like media
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Gohy, Jean-François et al

Conference (2006, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailpH-Responsive diblock copolymers prepared by the dual initiator strategy
Bernaerts, Katrien V.; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Van Camp, Wim et al

in Macromolecules (2006), 39(11), 3760-3769

Diblock copolymers poly(tetrahydrofuran-b-tert-butyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PtBA) and poly(tetrahydrofuranb- 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PEEA) were successfully synthesized by the dual initiator 4 ... [more ▼]

Diblock copolymers poly(tetrahydrofuran-b-tert-butyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PtBA) and poly(tetrahydrofuranb- 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PEEA) were successfully synthesized by the dual initiator 4-hydroxybutyl-2- bromoisobutyrate (HBBIB). The isobutyrate and alcohol function of HBBIB were used for the atom transfer radical polymerization of tBA ( or EEA) and the living cationic ring-opening polymerization of THF, respectively. Hydrolysis or thermolysis of the aforementioned diblock copolymers results in amphiphilic pH-responsive copolymers PTHF-b-poly( acrylic acid) ( PTHF-b-PAA). Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1 NMR) were used to analyze the PTHF macroinitiator, while clear evidence for the formation of well-defined block copolymer structures was obtained by 1H NMR, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The amorphous PtBA block in PTHF-b-PtBA resulted in a decrease of the crystallinity and the melting point of PTHF, as shown by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Self-assembly of PTHF-b-PAA copolymers in water into aggregates and micelles when exposed to specific pH values was confirmed by dynamic light scattering, infrared, and NMR spectroscopies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDependence of the structure of core-shell-corona micelles on the composition of water/toluene mixtures
Lei, Liangcai; Gohy, Jean-François; Willet, Nicolas ULg et al

in Polymer (2006), 47(8), 2723-2727

The poly(styrene)-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly(ethyleile oxide) triblock copolymer. PS200-b-P2VP(140)-b-PEO590, where the subscripts refer to the average degrees of polymerisation of the ... [more ▼]

The poly(styrene)-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly(ethyleile oxide) triblock copolymer. PS200-b-P2VP(140)-b-PEO590, where the subscripts refer to the average degrees of polymerisation of the constitutive blocks, has been dissolved in water/toluene mixtures with a large range of composition, i.e. in (i) toluene added with a small amount of water. (ii) water-in-toluene emulsion forming mixtures, (iii) toluene-in-water emulsion forming mixtures, and (iv) water added with a small amount of toluene. These Solutions have been cast on a carbon-coated copper grid, and the morphology of the dried copolymer deposition has been observed by transmission electron microscopy. Rod-like aggregates with a core-shell-corona micellar structure are formed in cases (i) and (iv). Nevertheless, PEO is the core and PS is the corona in case (i). whereas the reverse situation prevails in case (iv). When an emulsion is the precursor of the dried copolymer aggregates, either onion-like structures (case ii) or vesicles mixed with more complex aggregates are formed (case iii). These structures are thought to reflect the self-organization of the PS200-b- P2VP(140)-b-PEO590 copolymer at the water/toluene interface of the water-in-toluene and toluene-in-water emulsions. respectively. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of poly(vinyl acetate) and poly(vinyl alcohol) containing block copolymers by combination of cobalt-mediated radical polymerization and ATRP
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Caille, Jean-Raphaël; Willet, Nicolas ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2005), 38(23), 9488-9496

Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) chains of a low polydispersity (Mw/Mn similar to 1.1-1.2) have been prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate (VAc). They have been end-capped by an ... [more ▼]

Poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) chains of a low polydispersity (Mw/Mn similar to 1.1-1.2) have been prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl acetate (VAc). They have been end-capped by an activated bromide by addition of an alpha-bromoester or an alpha-bromoketone containing nitroxide and converted into effective macroinitiators for the atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene (Sty), ethyl acrylate, and methyl methacrylate. Because each block is formed by a controlled process, well-defined PVAc containing diblock copolymers are easily prepared. The PVAc-b-PS copolymers synthesized from alpha-bromoketone end-capped PVAc can be converted into well-defined poly(vinyl alcohol)-b-polystyrene amphiphiles by methanolysis of the poly(vinyl acetate) block. Self-association of an amphiphilic poly(vinyl alcohol)(3500)-b-polystyrene(16 600) in a (4/1) water/tetrahydrofuran mixture results in the formation of vesicles as observed by transmission electron microscopy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCore-shell-corona micelles: focus on the pH-responsive shell
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Gohy, Jean-François; Jérôme, Robert ULg

Conference (2005, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)