References of "Vermeulen, Cédric"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailNewsletter N° 3 - DACEFI
Meunier, Quentin ULg; Moumbogou, Carl; Ndoutoume, C. et al

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWill Elephants Soon Disappear from West African Savannahs?
Bouché, Philippe ULg; Douglas-Hamilton, Iain; Wittemyer, George et al

in PLoS ONE (2011), 6(6), 1-11

Precipitous declines in Africa’s native fauna and flora are recognized, but few comprehensive records of these changes have been compiled. Here, we present population trends for African elephants in the 6 ... [more ▼]

Precipitous declines in Africa’s native fauna and flora are recognized, but few comprehensive records of these changes have been compiled. Here, we present population trends for African elephants in the 6,213,000 km2 Sudano-Sahelian range of West and Central Africa assessed through the analysis of aerial and ground surveys conducted over the past 4 decades. These surveys are focused on the best protected areas in the region, and therefore represent the best case scenario for the northern savanna elephants. A minimum of 7,745 elephants currently inhabit the entire region, representing a minimum decline of 50% from estimates four decades ago for these protected areas. Most of the historic range is now devoid of elephants and, therefore, was not surveyed. Of the 23 surveyed elephant populations, half are estimated to number less than 200 individuals. Historically, most populations numbering less than 200 individuals in the region were extirpated within a few decades. Declines differed by region, with Central African populations experiencing much higher declines (276%) than those in West Africa (233%). As a result, elephants in West Africa now account for 86% of the total surveyed. Range wide, two refuge zones retain elephants, one in West and the other in Central Africa. These zones are separated by a large distance (,900 km) of high density human land use, suggesting connectivity between the regions is permanently cut. Within each zone, however, sporadic contacts between populations remain. Retaining such connectivity should be a high priority for conservation of elephants in this region. Specific corridors designed to reduce the isolation of the surveyed populations are proposed. The strong commitment of governments, effective law enforcement to control the illegal ivory trade and the involvement of local communities and private partners are all critical to securing the future of elephants inhabiting Africa’s northern savannas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 454 (52 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNewsletter n°1 - DACEFI
Meunier, Quentin; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProfil des vendeurs de viande de chasse et évaluation de la biomasse commercialisée dans les marchés municipaux de Brazzaville, Congo.
Mbete, Roger Albert; Banga-Mboko, Henri; Ngokaka, Christophe et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2011), 4(2), 203-217

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in ... [more ▼]

The consumption of wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban population in Congo. A survey on bushmeat trade was undertaken in 21 municipal markets during four weeks, in Brazzaville. The objective of this study was to define the traders’ profile and to evaluate the quantities of games and meat merchandised on the municipal markets. The study methodology combined two approaches: a quantitative one using a questionnaire as principal tool for collecting data, and a qualitative one associating informal survey methods via individual or group interviews. The results showed that women were the most involved in this trade (52%). Markets trader’s monthly income was estimated at 210,428 (US$420) ± 49,128 (US$98,256) FCFA. On average, the bushmeat traders’ were 39 ± 10 years old and 69% of them attended the two levels of secondary education. During four weeks, 3,711 animal carcasses were recorded on the 21 surveyed markets, representing almost 35,790 kg of biomass. Overall, 35 animal species were identified, including 9 the hunting of which was prohibited. The mammals constituted 93.8% of total number of hunted animals, with three dominant orders as the artiodactyls (49.2%), the rodents (22.6%) and the primates (17.7%), of which the Cephalophus, the Potamochoerus, the Atherurus and the Cercopithecus were the most represented. It was also noticed that trapping, an activity which leads to great losses, becomes very important, followed by be helpful alternatives to meet Congolese demand for bushmeat. For a sustainable management of the Congo’s faunic resources, this study suggests the introduction gun-hunting. The Congo-Ocean Railway and the National Road n°2 were used regularly in the transportation of game, to a 72% level. The district of Niari, Lekoumou, Sangha and Pool were the main sources of supply. At the present time, the meat quantities offered in Brazzaville markets don’t seem to be reduced because hunting areas extend always further, often to the detriment of protected areas. Despite the fact that such business squarely growths and shows evidence of overexploitation, activities promoting game farming and breeding of domestic species, in Brazzaville suburbs, are needed to mitigate the impact of bushmeat trade. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 123 (18 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe Noisetier d'Afrique (Coula edulis Baill.). Un produit forestier non ligneux méconnu
Moupela, Christian ULg; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Daïnou, Kasso ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 485-495

Non-timber forest product (NTFP) are of significant nutritional, economic and cultural importance for the people of central Africa. However, many products have not yet been the subject of scientific ... [more ▼]

Non-timber forest product (NTFP) are of significant nutritional, economic and cultural importance for the people of central Africa. However, many products have not yet been the subject of scientific studies; such is the case of Coula edulis. Although very little is known about this species, it has many uses and its fruits are regulary eaten and marketed by various communities. Cultivation of this tree species remains however very limited, mainly because of the low germination potentiel of its seeds. Its wood, renowned for its termite resistance, is used locally for construction. Mechanical tests conducted on the timber have put its technological aptitudes to the fore; it has indeed the potential to become one of the most sought-after commercial species. As in the future, Coula edulis could be managed for its wood as well as its non-timber forest product, in-depth studies aiming at the sustainable development of this natural ressource need to be implemented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 255 (53 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiversité faunique et distribution des activités de braconnage dans la Réserve de Biosphère de la Mare aux Hippopotames au Burkina Faso
Dibloni, Ollo Théophile; Millogo, Alfred Nicolas; Ouedraogo, Amadé Junior et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2011)

La faune sauvage dans la Réserve de Biosphère de la Mare aux Hippopotames du Burkina Faso est très peu connue. Cette étude vise à inventorier les différentes espèces de mammifères sauvages et à recenser ... [more ▼]

La faune sauvage dans la Réserve de Biosphère de la Mare aux Hippopotames du Burkina Faso est très peu connue. Cette étude vise à inventorier les différentes espèces de mammifères sauvages et à recenser les activités de braconnage rencontrées dans cette réserve. Des dénombrements pédestres ont été réalisés en 2004, 2005, 2006 et 2007 suivant la méthode de transect linéaire à largeur variable. Ils ont consisté à suivre l’évolution de l’effectif des mammifères sauvages selon les contacts et les indices de présence ainsi que les activités de braconnage dans la réserve. 24 espèces de mammifères dont les patas (Erythrocebus patas), les babouins (Papio anubis), les éléphants (Loxodonta africana), les hippotragues (Hippotragus equinus), les phacochères (Phacochoerus africanus) et les civettes (Civettictis civetta) ont été recensées dans la réserve. Les contacts avec ces mammifères sont passés de 17 en 2004 à 28 contacts en 2007 pour un effectif de 94 individus toutes espèces confondues. Les activités de braconnage ont connu une baisse d’intensité entre 2005 et 2007 car le taux de braconnage s’est réduit de 58,4%. L’accroissement de l’effectif des espèces de mammifères et la diminution du braconnage peuvent s’expliquer par la surveillance continue de la réserve. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes forêts communautaires du Gabon : processus d'attribution et activités communautaires
Meunier, Quentin; Moumbogou; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

Learning material (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNewsletter N°2-DACEFI
Meunier, Quentin; Grégoire, Bruno; Moumbogou, Carl et al

E-print/Working paper (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnjeux fonciers, exploitation des ressources naturelles et Forêts des Communautés Locales en périphérie de Kinshasa, RDC
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Dubiez, Emilien; Procès, Pierre et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(4), 535-544

Peri-urban forests are under strong anthropic pressure. Any activity needs a previous identification of stakeholders, landscape perception, socio-economic trends in local communities and their ... [more ▼]

Peri-urban forests are under strong anthropic pressure. Any activity needs a previous identification of stakeholders, landscape perception, socio-economic trends in local communities and their relationships with land and natural resources. Kinshasa (capital of Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC) is a 10 millions inhabitants city with rapid growth and increasing impacts on surrounding villages linked with forest natural resources. This paper describes the relationship amongst local communities stakeholders and their relations with land areas and wood resources. Two areas surrounding Kinshasa (Bas-Congo and Bateke Plateaux) are considered as major fuel-wood and charcoal supply zones for the city. Those two areas are different in terms of land pressure (very high in Bas-Congo and focused on riparian forests on Bateke Plateaux), but show the same pattern of overuse of the forest and woody natural resources. In both areas, local management of forest resources by the traditional authorities (heads of village or lineage) has failed. Local population willingness for reforestation and forest restoration activities is much more important in Bas-Congo than on Bateke Plateaux. In both areas, shifting cultivation due to slash and burn practices for agricultural and charcoal practices are more and more quick. This has strong negative impact on the potential of regeneration process with local forest species. Sustainability of forest natural resources management by communities is discussed in regard to the on going negotiations on community based forest management regulations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 340 (31 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailManagement conflicts in Cameroonian community forests
Ezzine de Blas, Driss; Ruiz Perez, Manuel; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Ecology and Society : A Journal of Integrative Science for Resilience and Sustainability (2011), 16(1),

Cameroonian community forests were designed and implemented to meet the general objectives of forest management decentralisation for democratic and community management. The spread of management conflicts ... [more ▼]

Cameroonian community forests were designed and implemented to meet the general objectives of forest management decentralisation for democratic and community management. The spread of management conflicts all over the country have shown that these broad expectations have not been met. We describe conflicts occurring in 20 community forests by types of actors and processes involved. We argue that a number of external (community vs. external actors) and internal (intra-community) conflicts are part of the causes blocking the expected outcome of Cameroonian community forests, fostering bad governance and loss of confidence. Rent appropriation and control of forest resources appear as systemic or generalised conflicts. While community forest support projects have tended to focus on capacity building activities, less direct attention has been given to these systemic problems. We conclude that some factors like appropriate leadership, and spending of logging receipts on collective benefits (direct and indirect) are needed to minimise conflicts. Government and development agencies should concentrate efforts on designing concrete tools for improving financial transparency while privileging communities with credible leaders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe first community forests of Gabon : towards sustainable local forest management ?
Meunier, Quentin ULg; Federspiel, Michèle; Moumbogou, Carl et al

in Nature et Faune (2011), 25(2), 40-45

Forest resources abound in Gabon. Species diversity and quality of trees in the Gabonese forests make it a very lucrative production niche. Even though international forest operators are well established ... [more ▼]

Forest resources abound in Gabon. Species diversity and quality of trees in the Gabonese forests make it a very lucrative production niche. Even though international forest operators are well established there and are making profit, the Gabonese rural communities have not yet developed their own operations. In view of their remoteness from decision-making centers, villagers often unlawfully lose, without being aware of it, a great deal of the riches in their villages. Today, the rural socio-economic component is not sufficiently integrated in the management factors of the resource, even though populations that depend on them daily are supposedly the best placed individuals to make wise use of them. In this sense, community forestry helps to promote sustainable use of forest resources at a scale that is at par with the needs of the community, and seeks to guarantee that profits are shared at village level. In Gabon, the process of legalization of community forests is ongoing since 2001. Pilot projects such as DACEFI (Development of Community Alternatives to Illegal Logging) strive to assist communities in securing their community forest. However their legalization is slow in coming, while logging activities in the rural forest estate are increasing, and the quality of the species is deteriorating continually. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 152 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHousehold bushmeat consumption in Brazzaville, the Republic of the Congo.
Mbete, Roger Albert; Banga-Mboko, Henri; Racey, Paul et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2011), 4(2), 187-202

Wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban populations in Congo. Quantitative and qualitative surveys on the consumption of bushmeat were undertaken in Brazzaville in 2006 ... [more ▼]

Wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban populations in Congo. Quantitative and qualitative surveys on the consumption of bushmeat were undertaken in Brazzaville in 2006, in about 1,050 urban households. The main objective was to establish the profiles of consumers and of species concerned. The results showed that 88.3% of the surveyed households consumed bushmeat. Their average size was 5.7 ± 3.2 persons. The average monthly income of an urban consumer with a permanent job was 98,334 (US$197) ± 84,306 (US$169) FCFA. It appeared that households preferred to consume bushmeat for two major reasons: the taste or flavor (67.8%) and food habits (14.7%). Meat from mammals was preferred, the top three orders of this class being artiodactyls (48.3%), rodents (28.3%), and primates (13.0%). Some of them are listed as threatened in Congo Brazzaville and are included in the IUCN Red List. The results showed that in Brazzaville, bushmeat consumption remains important and is determined by socio-economic parameters. The promotion of game farming, and breeding of domestic species such as poultry and fish, in the Brazzaville suburbs could help to meet Congolese demand for bushmeat. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 278 (28 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDes forêts africaines à gérer durablement
Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Journal des Ingénieurs (Le) (2011), (132), 18-21

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (31 ULg)
Full Text
See detailForesterie sociale ou communautaire? Des approches complémentaires au Gabon
Gregoire, Bruno; Biswas, Suparna; Federspiel, Michèle et al

in Green Heart of Africa Bulletin (2011), (March), 12

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (18 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes premières forêts communautaires du Gabon sont-elles condamnées d'avance?
Meunier, Quentin; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Moumbogou, Carl

in Parcs & Réserves (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 183 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtat actuel de la sécondarisation de la forêt en périphérie nord de la Réserve de biosphère du Dja (Sud-est Cameroun) : influences des facteurs anthropiques passés et des éléphants
Nguenang, Guy-Merlin; Nkongmeneck, Bernard Aloys; Gillet, Jean-François et al

in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2010), 4(5), 1766-1781

Plusieurs études récentes révèlent une proportion importante de formations secondaires au sein des forêts tropicales africaines. La présente étude a pour but, de caractériser les différents faciès de ... [more ▼]

Plusieurs études récentes révèlent une proportion importante de formations secondaires au sein des forêts tropicales africaines. La présente étude a pour but, de caractériser les différents faciès de végétation de la forêt du Dja (Sud-est Cameroun) en ressortant l’état et les causes de sa secondarisation. L’étude a été menée dans deux sites en périphérie nord de la Réserve de biosphère du Dja, l’un situé hors de la Réserve (Mimpala) et l’autre à l’intérieur (Dingué). Un total de 104 km de transects a été parcouru. La caractérisation de la végétation a été faite le long de transects en relevant les différents faciès de végétation traversés. Les marques visibles d’anciennes présences humaines et les réseaux de pistes d’éléphants rencontrés ont été comptabilisés. Les chiffres révèlent une prédominance des formations secondarisées aussi bien dans le site situé à l’extérieur de la Réserve, que dans celui se trouvant dans la Réserve: soit respectivement 52% et 58%. Notre étude permet de montrer que l’état actuel de la secondarisation de la forêt du Dja est fortement lié à l’action anthropique traditionnelle dans un passé plus ou moins récent et à celle des éléphants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (50 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHas the final countdown to wildlife extinction in Northern Central African Republic begun ?
Bouché, Philippe ULg; Renaud, Pierre-Cyril; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

in African Journal of Ecology (2010), 48(4), 1-10

The wildlife populations of Northern Central African Republic experienced precipitous declines during the 1970s and 1980s. While anecdotes coming out of the region indicate that the wildlife populations ... [more ▼]

The wildlife populations of Northern Central African Republic experienced precipitous declines during the 1970s and 1980s. While anecdotes coming out of the region indicate that the wildlife populations remain under serious threat, little is known about their status. An aerial sample count was carried out in the Northern Central African Republic at the end of the dry season in June 2005 and covered an 85,000 km2 complex landscape containing national parks, hunting reserves and community hunting areas. Results show a dramatic decline of wildlife since the previous survey in 1985. In 20 years, large mammals’ numbers decreased by 65%, probably <br />because of poaching and diseases brought by illegal cattle transhumance. Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and Buffon kob (Kobus kob) populations showed the greatest decline (over 80% each), while buffalo (Syncerus caffer), roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) and Giant Lord’s Derby Eland (Taurotragus derbianus) populations seem stable or increasing over these last 20 years. The analysis of the wildlife population distribution by status of the different types of protected areas (national parks, hunting areas) showed that individual encounter rates of elephant and buffalo were lower in national parks than in neighbouring hunting areas, while those for roan, giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) and Buffon kob were higher in the national parks. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 179 (62 ULg)