References of "Radermecker, Maurice"
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See detailEffects of Acute Injection of Methylprednisolone in Man on Immunological and Non-Immunological Histamine Release from Leucocytes and Its Potentiation by Interleukin-3
Louis, Renaud ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (1994), 24(1), 60-5

We investigated the effects of intravenous injection of methylprednisolone (MPR) compared with placebo (saline) on ex vivo leucocytic histamine release in eight healthy volunteers. All subjects received ... [more ▼]

We investigated the effects of intravenous injection of methylprednisolone (MPR) compared with placebo (saline) on ex vivo leucocytic histamine release in eight healthy volunteers. All subjects received in a randomized and a single-blind manner the placebo and MPR, 20 mg and 125 mg, each injection given in 2 week intervals. On each occasion blood samples were taken just before and 24 h after the intravenous injection to determine circulating leucocyte counts and leucocytic histamine release induced by anti-IgE (1/2000) and FMP (Formyl-Methionyl-Phenylalanine) (10(-5) M) and its modulation by IL-3 (2 ng/ml). MPR 20 mg and 125 mg significantly increased circulating leucocyte counts (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001 respectively) but decreased leucocytic histamine content (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001 respectively) by 24 h. Placebo had no effect. As for circulating basophils, after 24 h they were decreased by 125 mg MPR (P < 0.05) but increased by 20 mg (P < 0.05). Anti-IgE-induced HR was significantly inhibited by 125 mg MPR (P < 0.05) but not by 20 mg MPR or by the placebo. In contrast, neither MPR (20 mg and 125 mg) nor placebo significantly reduced FMP-induced HR. The strong potentiation by IL-3 of HR evoked by anti-IgE and FMP at baseline (P < 0.001) persisted 24 h after injection of MPR or placebo (P < 0.001 except P < 0.05 for anti-IgE-induced HR after 125 mg MPR).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma Histamine and Bronchial Reactivity in Allergic Asthma
Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in Allergy (1993), 48(7), 547-9

Histamine is an important mediator of allergic inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), a hallmark of asthma. Studies on the relationship between plasma histamine and BHR in allergic ... [more ▼]

Histamine is an important mediator of allergic inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), a hallmark of asthma. Studies on the relationship between plasma histamine and BHR in allergic asthmatic patients have yielded controversial results. We therefore measured plasma histamine and bronchial reactivity in 30 nonsmoker volunteers taking no medication. Eleven were normal subjects; 19 were stable, mildly allergic asthmatic patients. Venous blood was taken to measure blood cells and basal plasma histamine by radioimmunoassay. After blood sampling, all subjects underwent a measurement of PC20M (concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1). Mean plasma histamine levels were 0.21 +/- 0.1 ng/ml and 0.44 +/- 0.3 ng/ml in normal and asthmatic subjects, respectively (P < 0.05). We found a significant increase of blood eosinophils and basophils in asthmatic patients, and a positive correlation between plasma histamine and circulating basophils. PC20M was greater than 16 mg in normal volunteers, and mean PC20M was 2.1 +/- 2 mg/ml in asthmatic patients. PC20M did not correlate with plasma histamine levels, but it did so negatively with blood eosinophils. The increased plasma histamine concentration in mildly atopic asthmatic patients might be a consequence of the high basophil releasability of atopics and the higher basophil counts in allergic asthma. Plasma histamine is thus unlikely to be a determinant of BHR in asthma. [less ▲]

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See detailErgospirométrie et pratique pneumologique
Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(9), 523-6

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See detailNo Increase in Plasma Histamine During Paf-Induced Airway Obstruction in Allergic Asthmatics
Louis, Renaud ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in CHEST (1993), 104(3), 806-10

To investigate the possible role of mast cell or basophil histamine release in mediating platelet-activating factor (PAF) airway obstruction, we studied the effect of inhaled PAF (30 micrograms, single ... [more ▼]

To investigate the possible role of mast cell or basophil histamine release in mediating platelet-activating factor (PAF) airway obstruction, we studied the effect of inhaled PAF (30 micrograms, single dose) on plasma histamine, bronchial caliber, and leukocyte and platelet counts in six patients with mild or moderate allergic asthma (mean age, 27 +/- 1.3 years; mean FEV1, 95 +/- 5 percent of predicted; mean PC20 methacholine, 1.46 +/- 0.36 mg/ml). Specific conductance (SGaw) FEV1, FEF25-75 percent, differential leukocyte and platelet counts, and plasma histamine (radioimmunoassay) were measured before and 5, 10, 15, and 20 min after PAF inhalation. Mean basal plasma histamine level was 0.28 +/- 0.04 ng/ml. Inhalation of PAF caused a fall in SGaw peaking at 5 min (43 +/- 9 percent) and a fall in FEV1 and FEF25-75 peaking at 10 min (19 +/- 10 percent and 30 +/- 13 percent, respectively). There was also a rapid and transient fall in circulating neutrophils at 5 min (from 3,096 +/- 204/mm3 to 2,551 +/- 158/mm3, p < 0.05) followed by a rebound neutrophilia. In contrast, plasma histamine level did not change significantly at any time measured. Conversely in the same asthmatics, a rapid rise in plasma histamine level (from 0.29 +/- 0.03 ng/ml at baseline to 0.53 +/- 0.06 ng/ml at 5 min; p < 0.01) was observed after an allergenic challenge (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) causing a fall in FEV1 peaking at 10 min (22 +/- 4 percent). Thus, inhaled PAF may induce airway obstruction and neutropenia in asthmatics without any significant change of plasma histamine level. These results indicate that it is unlikely that lung mast cells or basophils degranulate during PAF-induced bronchoconstriction. [less ▲]

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See detailL'hyperréactivité bronchique non spécifique: données épidémiologiques et signification clinique
Louis, Renaud ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(4), 213-9

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See detailChylothorax: a rare complication of endoscopic variceal sclerotherapy.
Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (1993), 5

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See detailBasophil releasability in patients with hymenoptera venom allergy.
Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Leclercq, Maryse ULg; Mariz, S. D. et al

in International Archives of Allergy & Immunology (1993), 101(3), 283-7

Basophils in about 15% of subjects allergic to hymenoptera venom do not release histamine in the presence of antigen. Little is known on the basophil releasability in these patients. We therefore measured ... [more ▼]

Basophils in about 15% of subjects allergic to hymenoptera venom do not release histamine in the presence of antigen. Little is known on the basophil releasability in these patients. We therefore measured maximum percent leukocyte histamine release to antigen (Vespula venom), anti-IgE and formylmethionylphenylalanine (FMP) in 39 patients allergic to wasp venom and compared our results according to basophil responsiveness to antigen. Mean maximum percent histamine release was 39, 34 and 22%, respectively, for venom (100 ng/ml), anti-IgE (0.25 microgram/ml) and FMP (10(-4) M). The amount of histamine specifically released by venom correlated significantly with anti-IgE but not with FMP-induced histamine release. Leukocytes were unresponsive to antigen in 10 subjects. The clinical characteristics and anaphylactic symptoms of these patients were not different from those with antigen-responsive cells. Unresponsive leukocytes responded to FMP in all and to anti-IgE in 8 of the 10 subjects. Mean anti-IgE and FMP-induced histamine release were, respectively, lower and higher than those observed with leukocytes responsive to antigen (p < 0.05). In unresponsive basophils, there was a negative correlation between maximum percent anti-IgE and FMP-induced histamine release. We confirm that basophils of a minority of the subjects allergic to Vespula venom do not release histamine in the presence of antigen. The negative correlation between anti-IgE and FMP-induced histamine release in unresponsive basophils may suggest individual differences in the ratio of Fc epsilon RI and FMP receptors on the surface of basophils. [less ▲]

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See detailLy 186655, a Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor, Inhibits Histamine Release from Human Basophils, Lung and Skin Fragments
Louis, Renaud ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in International Journal of Immunopharmacology (1992), 14(2), 191-4

LY 186655 (Tibenelast, Lilly) is a new phosphodiesterase inhibitor, not derived from the xanthine, possessing bronchodilating activity in animals. The aim of this work was to study the effect of LY 186655 ... [more ▼]

LY 186655 (Tibenelast, Lilly) is a new phosphodiesterase inhibitor, not derived from the xanthine, possessing bronchodilating activity in animals. The aim of this work was to study the effect of LY 186655 and theophylline on histamine release from human leukocytes, skin and lung fragments. Histamine was measured using a spectrofluorometric method. Both drugs (3 x 10(-5)-3 x 10(-3) M) exhibited a dose-dependent inhibition on anti-IgE (1/2000)-induced histamine release from human leukocytes. At 3 x 10(-3) M, theophylline was significantly more effective than LY 186655 (mean inhibition 94 and 42%, respectively). On lung fragments, theophylline and LY 186655 (3 x 10(-5)-3 x 10(-3) M) caused strong and comparable inhibitory effects on anti-IgE (1/500)-induced histamine release with a mean inhibition reaching maximally 65%. Histamine release induced by compound 48/80 (1 mg/ml) on sliced human foreskin was reduced with both drugs (3 x 10(-3) M) by about 37%. We conclude that LY 186655 inhibits in vitro immunological histamine release from human lung and cutaneous mast cells as well as basophils with a similar pattern of activity to theophylline. [less ▲]

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See detailFailure of Buserelin-Induced Medical Castration to Control Pulmonary Lymphangiomyomatosis in Two Patients
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Broux, R.; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in CHEST (1992), 101(6), 1724-6

Two women, aged 44 and 29 years, respectively, were admitted to the hospital in early 1987 for recurrent pneumothorax, dyspnea and a diffuse reticulonodular pattern evidenced on the chest x-ray film. Lung ... [more ▼]

Two women, aged 44 and 29 years, respectively, were admitted to the hospital in early 1987 for recurrent pneumothorax, dyspnea and a diffuse reticulonodular pattern evidenced on the chest x-ray film. Lung biopsy confirmed LAM in both patients. Both were treated sequentially with medroxyprogesterone and a LHRH agonist (buserelin) to achieve reversible medical castration. Neither subjective nor objective improvement was noted after 13 and 5 months, respectively, of buserelin therapy (900 micrograms/day, nasal spray) despite an effective suppression of the pituitary-gonadal axis. Medroxyprogesterone also was ineffective. Buserelin thus failed to control pulmonary LAM in these two patients, in spite of effective medical castration. [less ▲]

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See detailMédicaments anti-asthmatiques. De la pharmacologie à la clinique
Louis, Renaud ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1991), 46(2), 58-81

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See detailCutaneous and basophilic sensitivity to substance P and gastrin in non-atopic versus atopic subjects.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg

in Allergy (1991), 46(1), 30-4

We compared the cutaneous reaction to intradermal injection of substance P, gastrin and histamine in asymptomatic atopic subjects with a history of hay fever and/or asthma versus non-atopic healthy ... [more ▼]

We compared the cutaneous reaction to intradermal injection of substance P, gastrin and histamine in asymptomatic atopic subjects with a history of hay fever and/or asthma versus non-atopic healthy volunteers. We also studied in these two groups the basophilic histamine release induced by substance P and gastrin with that obtained with anti-human IgE and Con A. Intradermal injection of substance P (3-300 pM) and gastrin (3-30 pM) caused a wheal and flare reaction which was comparable in both groups of subjects. Substance P 10(-4)M caused a mean basophilic histamine release of about 15% in atopic and non-atopic subjects. Gastrin was not effective in this model. Anti-IgE and Con A-induced histamine release was significantly higher in atopic than in non-atopic volunteers. [less ▲]

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See detailSubstance P-induced histamine release from human basophils, skin and lung fragments: effect of nedocromil sodium and theophylline.
Louis, Renaud ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg

in International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology (1990), 92(4), 329-33

We compared histamine release induced by substance P with those obtained with classical secretagogues on human basophils, lung and skin fragments. We also tested the capacity of nedocromil sodium and ... [more ▼]

We compared histamine release induced by substance P with those obtained with classical secretagogues on human basophils, lung and skin fragments. We also tested the capacity of nedocromil sodium and theophylline to inhibit histamine release in these 3 experimental models. Substance P (10(-4) M) caused a noncytotoxic histamine release (about 10% of total) from basophils, lung and skin fragments. Substance P-induced histamine release was always smaller than that obtained with optimal doses of anti-IgE, formyl-methionine phenylalanine or compound 48/80. Nedocromil sodium did not prevent secretagogue-induced histamine release from basophils or sliced skin. In contrast, it significantly inhibited anti-IgE- or substance P-induced histamine release from human lung. Theophylline caused a dose-related inhibition on these 3 models. We conclude that substance P is a modest secretagogue for human basophils and mast cells, and that skin and lung mast cells are heterogeneous with respect to their response to nedocromil sodium. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurophysins as markers of ADH and oxytocin release
Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Carvelli, Thierry ULg et al

in Hormone Research (1990), 34

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See detailActivite serique de l'enzyme de conversion de l'angiotensine pendant la circulation extracorporelle chez l'homme.
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales (1983), 177(2), 252-8

Serum activity of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were measured during extra-corporeal circulation in five patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass surgery. We observed a significant decrease of ... [more ▼]

Serum activity of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were measured during extra-corporeal circulation in five patients undergoing aorto-coronary bypass surgery. We observed a significant decrease of serum ACE levels in the absence of pulmonary circulation, suggesting that in man the lungs were the major source of circulating ACE. An effective extra-pulmonary liberation of ACE could take place during cardiopulmonary bypass. The levels of serum ACE increased with pulmonary recirculation, but preoperative levels were not reached 24 h later. [less ▲]

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