References of "Habraken, Anne"
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See detailModeling the vertical spincasting of large bimetallic rolling mill rolls
Studer, Léo ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Key Engineering Materials [=KEM] (2010, June), 443

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical ... [more ▼]

In order to take into account the dynamic effects of molten metal during solidification, a methodology is presented to interface a metal solidification solver (coupled thermal mechanical metallurgical finite elements solver) with a specifically developed flow dynamics solver. (flow dynamics and thermics finite volume solver) The numerical set of tools is designed to be used for the simulation of bimetallic hot rolling mill rolls vertical spincasting. Modeling the industrial process for these products imply certain specifications on the numerical methods used, mainly due to the size of the geometrical domain, low Rossby & Ekman numbers, and a high Reynolds number. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling of Crack Propagation in Weld Beam-to-Column Connection Submitted to Cyclic Loading with Cohesive Zone Model
Lequesne, Cédric ULg; Plumier, André ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg et al

in Journal of ASTM International (2010), 7(5),

During the earthquakes in Japan and California in the 1990s, cracks appeared in some weld beam-to-column connections of heavy rigid frame steel buildings. This prompted the necessary assessment of the ... [more ▼]

During the earthquakes in Japan and California in the 1990s, cracks appeared in some weld beam-to-column connections of heavy rigid frame steel buildings. This prompted the necessary assessment of the performance of weld connections in terms of rotation capacity and crack propagation. In the present study, experimental tests were performed where weld connections were submitted to cyclic loadings with increasing amplitude until a macro crack event was reached. However the crack phenomenon depends on many parameters: the geometry, the material, the welding process…. For this reason, it was interesting to develop a finite element modeling of these connections in order to complete these experiments and perform a parametric study. This paper describes the finite element model development, its material parameter identification and its comparison with experimental results. The weld connections were modeled by using three-dimensional mixed solid elements. The constitutive laws applied were elastoplastic with isotropic hardening identified for the base metal and the weld metal. Crack propagation was modeled by a cohesive zone model. The parameters of this cohesive zone model were identified by an inverse method with the modeling of three point bending tests of precracked samples performed on the base and weld metals. The fatigue damage generated by the cyclic loading was computed by the fatigue continuum damage model of Lemaitre and Chaboche, which was coupled with the cohesive zone model. [less ▲]

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See detailTemperature wrinkling prediction in metal/polymer multilayer coatings
Zhang, Lihong ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Amine ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in International Journal of Material Forming (2010, April), 3(supplement 1), 559-562

Two modeling approaches, analytical and numerical ones were carried out to simulate the mechanical behaviour of a coated metal steel sheet under thermo-mechanical loads. As the metallic film and the ... [more ▼]

Two modeling approaches, analytical and numerical ones were carried out to simulate the mechanical behaviour of a coated metal steel sheet under thermo-mechanical loads. As the metallic film and the polymer layer have different dilatation coefficients, temperature increase and/or humidity variation can result in a compressive state in the metallic film, and yield to bucking. This phenomenon is called wrinkling. It can be prevented by a stiff polymer layer or a stable film due to adapted thickness and mechanical properties. Wrinkling phenomenon has received increasing attention because of important uses of polymeric coating in many industrial applications. To better understand and predict this phenomenon, analytical and numerical models have been developed and compared. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Surface Effect On Nickel Micro Deep Drawing Process
Keller, Clément ULg; Afteni, Mitica; Banu, Mihaela et al

in Proceeding of the Numiform 2010 conference (2010)

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See detailSimulation of bending process of hardening metallic sheets using damage model. Part II: Numerical investigations
Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Lemoine, Xavier; Duchene, Laurent ULg et al

in Materials Science & Engineering : A (2010), 528(1), 442-448

In the first part of this paper, the theoretical aspects and the algorithmic developments related to the construction of the PBST (Pure Bending Simulation Tool) were provided. In this second part, this ... [more ▼]

In the first part of this paper, the theoretical aspects and the algorithmic developments related to the construction of the PBST (Pure Bending Simulation Tool) were provided. In this second part, this tool is used to simulate the pure bending process. The sensitivity of the bendability prediction to certain mechanical properties and phenomena (such as initial porosity and hardening parameters) is investigated by means of a parametric study. The efficiency and the performance of this tool (in terms of accuracy and computation time) compared to the FE method are shown through various numerical simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation of bending process of hardening metallic sheets using damage model. Part I: Theoretical development and numerical implementation.
Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Lemoine, Xavier; Duchene, Laurent ULg et al

in Materials Science & Engineering : A (2010), 528(1), 434-441

This paper deals with the pure bending of thin and thick metallic sheets under plane strain condition. Its main objective is to construct an efficient, robust, incremental numerical tool that can be used ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the pure bending of thin and thick metallic sheets under plane strain condition. Its main objective is to construct an efficient, robust, incremental numerical tool that can be used to simulate the bending process and predict the sheets’ bendability. In this investigation, the material constitutive law describing the mechanical behavior of the sheet is defined by an extended Gurson model. This model generalizes Gurson's original one to account for both plastic anisotropy and mixed (isotropic and kinematic) hardening of the matrix. In this model, only the growth phase of voids was considered (without taking into account nucleation). Here, the extended model was coupled with the kinematics of the pure bending process and with the equilibrium equations, and then implemented in an incremental numerical tool in order to predict the bendability of the sheets studied. This bendability was then verified using two different criteria. Part I of this paper focuses on the constitutive law, fulfillment of the force equilibrium, the thickness evolution and the shift of the neutral fiber, together with a comparison and discussion of the choices made by other authors regarding these parameters. The validation of the model developed in this paper will be carried out in Part II through simulations of the pure bending process. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale modeling of back-stress evolution in equal-channel angular pressing: from one pass to multiple passes
Chen, E.; Duchene, Laurent ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2010), 45(17), 4696-4704

Fine-grained materials produced by equalchannel angular pressing (ECAP) exhibit kinematic hardening due to the existence of a back-stress. This article presents a new dislocation-based model, which is ... [more ▼]

Fine-grained materials produced by equalchannel angular pressing (ECAP) exhibit kinematic hardening due to the existence of a back-stress. This article presents a new dislocation-based model, which is able to describe the tension/compression asymmetry of the ECAP processed commercial purity aluminum. By introducing strain relaxation, and relating the back-stress to the inhomogeneous dislocation density distribution in cell walls and in cell interiors, the model can accurately predict the evolution of the dislocation densities, the cell size, and the back-stress. Compared to the other back-stress models, it takes into account the microstructure evolution and gives a better prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailAccurate stress computation in plane strain tensile tests for sheet metal using experimental data
Flores, P.; Tuninetti Vásquez, Victor ULg; Gilles, Gaëtan ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2010), 210

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See detailEffect of a decrease in sample dimensions on plasticity: application to the micro-forming of nickel
Keller, Clément ULg; Afteni, Mitica; Banu, M. et al

in Steel Research International (2010), 81(9), 1173-1177

The mechanical behavior of polycrystalline nickel is investigated in tension as a function of the dimensions. Experimental tests and finite element simulations with a crystalline plasticity code are ... [more ▼]

The mechanical behavior of polycrystalline nickel is investigated in tension as a function of the dimensions. Experimental tests and finite element simulations with a crystalline plasticity code are carried out for samples with thicknesses ranging between 12.5 μm and 3.2 mm and grain size around 100 μm. Results show three different kinds of behavior depending on the number of grains across the thickness due to the apparition of stress and dislocation density gradients. Bulge tests are then used to study the formability of nickel polycrystals with thickness lower than 400 μm. [less ▲]

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See detailMiniaturization induced size effects: Experimental and numerical investigation of size effects linked to the miniaturization of metallic components
Keller, Clément ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Hug, E. et al

in Scale transition for plastic crystalline and microstructured materials: from experiment to numerical modeling (2010)

The manufacturing of small metallic components for MEMS is a great challenge for industries. However, the lack of knowledge about the mechanical behavior of metals when they are employed in small ... [more ▼]

The manufacturing of small metallic components for MEMS is a great challenge for industries. However, the lack of knowledge about the mechanical behavior of metals when they are employed in small components can reduce the economical development of MEMS due to manufacturing and reliability issues. The objective of this work is to provide new scientific results to improve the understanding of the mechanical properties of micro-components. Experimental and numerical (strain gradient plasticity model) tensile tests are performed on thin nickel single crystals and polycrystals (thickness larger than 10 m) showing different size effects depending on the dimensions of the samples. These effects are then taken into account in new simplified numerical models for the prediction of micro-forming processes. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Surface Effect on Nickel Micro Deep Drawing Process
Keller, Clément ULg; Afteni, Mitica; Banu, M. et al

in NUMIFORM 2010, VOLS 1 AND 2 (2010)

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See detailForming Forces in Single Point Incremental Forming, Prediction by Finite Element Simulations
Henrard, Christophe; Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Eyckens, P. et al

in Computational Mechanics (2010)

The aim of this article is to study the accuracy of the nite element simulations to predict the tool force during the Single Point Incremental Forming process. The forming of two cones in soft aluminum ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to study the accuracy of the nite element simulations to predict the tool force during the Single Point Incremental Forming process. The forming of two cones in soft aluminum was studied with two Finite Element (FE) codes and several constitutive laws (an elastic-plastic model coupled with different hardening approaches). The parameters of these laws were identi ed using tensile and shear tests, as well as an inverse approach taking into account a test similar to the incremental forming process. Comparisons between measured and predicted force values are performed. This article shows that three factors have an in uence on the force prediction: the type of nite element, the constitutive law and the identi cation procedure for the material parameters. In addition, it con rms that a very detailed description of the behavior occurring across the thickness of the metal sheet is crucial for an accurate force prediction by FE simulations, even though a simple analytical formula could provide an otherwise acceptable answer. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterial parameter identification of Cazacu's model for Ti6Al4V using the simulated annealing algorithm
Gilles, Gaëtan ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg

in Materials Science Forum (2010), 636-637

Phenomenological yield criteria are generally described by many material parameters. A technique to identify these parameters is required to find the best fit to the results of the mechanical tests. The ... [more ▼]

Phenomenological yield criteria are generally described by many material parameters. A technique to identify these parameters is required to find the best fit to the results of the mechanical tests. The parameter identification by the classical simulated annealing technique is presented in this paper. This algorithm, based on Metropolis’ works [1,2], is a global optimization method that distinguishes between different local optima to reach the global optimum. The anisotropic model used in this study is the one proposed by [3]. To prove the efficiency of the proposed algorithm, the material parameters of Ti6Al4V titanium alloy are identified and compared with those obtained using different identification procedures and the same experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterial data identification to model the single point incremental forming process
Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Pouteau, P.; Duchene, Laurent ULg et al

in International Journal of Material Forming (2010), 3(Suppl. 1), 979-982

In this study, the Single Point Incremental Forming process (SPIF) is applied on a specific aluminium alloy used in the aerospace industry since this technique and material combine a low specific weight ... [more ▼]

In this study, the Single Point Incremental Forming process (SPIF) is applied on a specific aluminium alloy used in the aerospace industry since this technique and material combine a low specific weight, high strength and stiffness properties and high strain levels. To be able to optimize the process, a model and its material parameters are required. It was noticed that a simple isotropic hardening model was not sufficient to provide an accurate tool force prediction [1]. Therefore an elasto-plastic law with a mixed isotropic-kinematic hardening is investigated. The inverse method coupled with the Finite Element (FE) code: "Lagamine" [2] is used to fit the material data of this complex law. In order to validate the model and the material data, a Line test and a Cone test are used. [less ▲]

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