References of "Albert, Adelin"
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See detailInfluence de la densité osseuse généralisée en implantologie orale
PTAK, Jean ULg; Legrand, Roman; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Actualités Odonto-Stomatologiques (1995), 189

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See detailSurgery for Occlusive Renal Artery Disease: Immediate and Long-Term Results
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Lombet, P.; Creemers, Etienne ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1, Jan-Feb), 1-10

A retrospective study is presented concerning 115 patients submitted to renal artery surgery from 1978 to 1990, and observed during 2 to 15 years. Included are 69 men and 46 women, aged 14 to 84 years ... [more ▼]

A retrospective study is presented concerning 115 patients submitted to renal artery surgery from 1978 to 1990, and observed during 2 to 15 years. Included are 69 men and 46 women, aged 14 to 84 years (mean: 58.8 years). The underlying occlusive arterial disease was atherosclerosis in 87 patients, fibromuscular dysplasia in 21, and miscellaneous causes in 7 cases. One hundred and one patients (88%) were hypertensive. Some degree of impaired renal excretory function (serum creatinine level above 16 mg/l) was present in 30% (n = 42) of the patients, whereas 11 patients had severe renal insufficiency (creatinemia above 30 mg/l). Primary nephrectomy was performed in 11 patients as sole procedure and was associated with contralateral revascularization in another 9 patients. A variety of types of arterial reconstruction was performed, although more than half of the procedures were aortorenal bypass grafts. Bilateral procedures were performed in 19 cases. Simultaneous extrarenal operations included aortic reconstruction (n = 43), mesenteric arterial repair (n = 8), and carotid endarterectomy (n = 5). Operative mortality (9/115, 7.8%) varied considerably between the subgroups: 4% for group I (hypertension alone, n = 73), 15% for group II (renal impairment with or without hypertension, n = 34), and 12.5% for group III (acute renal failure, n = 8). There were 3 late non procedure-related in-hospital deaths. Preoperative renal insufficiency was the only independent predictive risk factor for operative death. The procedure was curative or led to improved blood pressure control in 79% (80/101) of hypertensive patients. The response rate was better for recent onset hypertension, compared to long-standing hypertension. Of the 42 azotemic patients, 78% had a benefit (improvement in 50%, stabilization in 28%) of renal revascularization. Associated longstanding hypertension had a negative prognostic value. Sequential clinical and functional follow-up evaluations are available on 99 of the 103 surviving patients. Cumulative 5-year survival is 87%. Cardiovascular causes account for most (11/15) of the late deaths.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailFactors regulating megakaryocyte progenitor commitment to polyploidization.
Paulus, Jean-Michel ULg; Grosdent, J C; Prenant, M et al

in Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. Série III. Sciences de la Vie (1995), 318(3), 381-6

Recognizable megakaryocytes are polyploid cells generated by a clonogenic, diploid progenitor, termed CFU-MKC (colony forming unit, megakaryocyte). In order to quantify polyploidization, ploidy histograms ... [more ▼]

Recognizable megakaryocytes are polyploid cells generated by a clonogenic, diploid progenitor, termed CFU-MKC (colony forming unit, megakaryocyte). In order to quantify polyploidization, ploidy histograms of megakaryocytes determined by microphotometric or flow cytometric measurements of megakaryocyte DNA have generally been used. However these techniques provide no information on the rate of commitment of CFU-MKC to polyploidy. Using a technique of clonal analysis determining the distributions of the number of doublings (NbD) undergone by CFU-MKC before committing to polyploidization, the polyploidization probability of CFU-MKC could be derived. This probability was found to be a constant independent from CFU-MKC mitotic history, since NbD distributions are exponential functions characterized by a constant rate of decay per doubling. By studying the effects of growth factors on polyploidization probability, it was also shown that: (1) this parameter is negatively regulated by growth factors contained in poke-weed or WEHI conditioned media, as well as by erythropoietin; (2) commitment to polyploidization does not require prior CFU-MKC division; (3) bipotent erythroid-megakaryocyte progenitors have a lower polyploidization probability than CFU-MKC; (4) determination of polyploidization probability reflects the activity of growth factors with greater accuracy than megakaryocyte colony count. [less ▲]

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See detailBone mineral density of the spine and the hip measured with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry: normal range and fracture threshold for western European (Belgian) postmenopausal females.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Janssen, C; DEROISY, Rita ULg et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1995), 14(1), 68-75

Bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine and the different regions of interest (ROI) of the hip were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in 278 healthy Belgian postmenopausal women and 93 ... [more ▼]

Bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine and the different regions of interest (ROI) of the hip were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in 278 healthy Belgian postmenopausal women and 93 postmenopausal type I osteoporotic females in order to: a) determine the normal range for lumbar and hip BMD values; b) define an "hypothetical" fracture threshold in this population; c) determine the preferential region to be considered for clinical use in type I osteoporosis. In the normal subjects, there is a negative relationship (< 0.001) between age or time elapsed since menopause (Tm) and BMD measured at the level of the spine or at the ROI of the hip. For the spine, evidence of a curvilinear relationship was assessed. Regressions of BMD at the hip as a function of age or time elapsed since menopause, were best fitted by a linear relationship. In the population of postmenopausal women who have experienced a vertebral crush fracture, no relationships were observed between spine BMD and age or Tm but the osteoporotic women had a spine BMD significantly lower compared to age-matched normal controls: Z-score = -1.2 +/- 0.6 (mean +/- SD) (p < 0.0001). Fracture threshold calculated as the 90th percentile of spine BMD measured in osteoporotic patients was 0.840 g/cm2, corresponding to the mean value -1 SD for a population of women aged 51 years. [less ▲]

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See detailPropofol Protects Cultured Rat Hippocampal Neurons against N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor-Mediated Glutamate Toxicity
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (1994), 6(4), 249-53

The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured ... [more ▼]

The effect of propofol on the toxicity induced by glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA), and amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) was investigated on cultured fetal rat hippocampal neurons. The degree of neuronal injury was quantified by measuring the release of the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) into the culture media. The toxicity induced by brief exposure to GLU (10(-4) M) or to NMDA (10(-4) M) was significantly reduced by propofol, whereas that elicited by KA, AMPA (10(-4) M), or long GLU exposure was unaffected. In conclusion, high concentrations of propofol significantly attenuate NMDA receptor-mediated glutamate neurotoxicity in vitro. Further studies are needed to confirm this beneficial effect in vivo and to evaluate propofol as a neuroprotective anesthetic agent in pathologies involving glutamate release and NMDA-mediated toxicity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 6-Kilobase C-Erbb2 Promoter Contains Positive and Negative Regulatory Elements Functional in Human Mammary Cell Lines
Grooteclaes, Madeleine; Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Dijkmans, Huguette et al

in Cancer Research (1994), 54(15), 4193-9

A 6-kilobase fragment extending at the 5'-end of the c-erbB2 protooncogene was isolated from a normal human lymphocyte genomic DNA library. The full-length fragment and five subfragments with identical 3 ... [more ▼]

A 6-kilobase fragment extending at the 5'-end of the c-erbB2 protooncogene was isolated from a normal human lymphocyte genomic DNA library. The full-length fragment and five subfragments with identical 3'-ends were obtained by progressive unidirectional deletion from the 5'-end and were cloned in front of the luciferase reporter gene. The hybrid genes were analyzed for transcriptional activity in human mammary cell lines synthesizing low (HBL-100 and T-47D), moderate (MDA-MB-453), or high (BT-474) amounts of the c-erbB2 mRNA and were also analyzed in HeLa cells. Gene-specific expression was observed, indicating the presence of multiple cis-acting sequences in the c-erbB2 promoter. A major negative element is located in the -2- to -4-kilobase region. It is flanked on both sides by positive elements that display enhanced transcriptional activity in the BT-474 tumor cells only. While predominant in the low-expressing cells, the effect of the repressor appears to be overcome by the distal transactivator in the high-expressing BT-474 cells, resulting in a 15 to 50 times increase in luciferase activity relative to the HBL-100 and T-47D cells, respectively. Cell-specific expression relies on the trans-acting factors present in the different cell lines. The formation of cell-specific protein-DNA complexes was demonstrated by gel retardation assay. [less ▲]

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See detailA 5-Year Controlled Randomized Study of Prevention of Postmenopausal Trabecular Bone Loss with Nasal Salmon Calcitonin and Calcium
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Meurmans, L.; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in European Journal of Clinical Investigation (1994), 24(8), 565-9

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the long-term (5 years) efficacy of nasal salmon calcitonin in prevention of trabecular postmenopausal bone loss, which was a follow-up of a previously published ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper was to evaluate the long-term (5 years) efficacy of nasal salmon calcitonin in prevention of trabecular postmenopausal bone loss, which was a follow-up of a previously published study (3 years); a randomized, controlled group comparison. One hundred healthy postmenopausal women were randomly chosen from those (186) having completed the 3 year protocol. The 100 women were allocated to an additional 2 year period (total of 5 years) of treatment with either 500 mg d-1, 5 days week-1 of calcium or the same amount of calcium plus 50 IU d-1, 5 days per week of nasal salmon calcitonin, 87 (87%) women complied with the protocol throughout. The main outcome measures were the bone mineral density of the lumbar spine (1-BMD) (DPA) and biochemical parameters reflecting bone turnover (serum alkaline phosphatases, urinary calcium/creatinine and hydroxyproline/creatinine ratios). The women receiving calcium alone presented a significant decrease in 1-BMD after 6 months [-1.6 (0.5)%] [mean(SEM)] (P < 0.01) and this decrease remained significant after 36 months [-6.1(0.8)%] (P < 0.01) and until the end of the trial [-6.6(1.0)% at t60] (P < 0.01). In women receiving calcium and calcitonin, 1-BMD significantly increased after 36 months [+2(0.7%] (P < 0.01) and 42 months [+2.5(0.7)%] (P < 0.01 and was unchanged at the other times of investigation [+1.1 (1.1)% at t60] (NS). The evolution of BMD in the two groups was highly significantly different (P < 0.001) since the sixth month of the study and remained so until the end of the study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailFactors influencing between-laboratory variability of C-reactive protein results as evidenced by the Belgian External Quality Assessement (EQA) Scheme
Devleeschouwer, N.; Libeer, J. C.; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation (1994), 54(6), 435-40

Based on results from the Belgian External Quality Assessment (EQA) Scheme, we studied the main factors affecting the between-laboratory variation of C-reactive protein determination. Participants using ... [more ▼]

Based on results from the Belgian External Quality Assessment (EQA) Scheme, we studied the main factors affecting the between-laboratory variation of C-reactive protein determination. Participants using homogeneous systems with several calibration points generally achieved better performance. Working temperatures influenced the results to a lesser extent. The present study stresses the importance for EQA organizers to collect more detailed information about CRP analytical methods used by the participants. It also suggests that manufacturers should be more involved in the management of quality, in particular by striving for standardization of the material (kit and calibrator) they produce for CRP assay. [less ▲]

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See detailValeur semeiologique des examens de laboratoire: application multicentrique au depistage des metastases hepatiques.
Bourguignat, Alain; Albert, Adelin ULg; Dumont, Gilles et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (1994), 52(11), 787-97

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See detailLa mainmise administrative sur les systèmes d'information hospitaliers
Albert, Adelin ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(8), 465-72

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See detailL'age: un facteur limitant pour la chirurgie carotidienne?
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Declercq, I.; Smitz, Simon ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1993), 48(4), 195-206

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See detailNasal salmon calcitonin for prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss: a dose-ranging placebo controlled study
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; DEROISY, Rita ULg; Lecart, MP et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (1993), 8(S1), 340

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See detailL'âge est-il un facteur limitant pour la chirurgie carotidienne?
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Smitz, Simon ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Journal des Maladies Vasculaires (1993), 18(3), 245-53

To evaluate the role of carotid surgery in elderly patients 75 years and older, we reviewed 912 carotid endarterectomies performed on 806 patients between 1987 and 1990. There were 151 patients (19% of ... [more ▼]

To evaluate the role of carotid surgery in elderly patients 75 years and older, we reviewed 912 carotid endarterectomies performed on 806 patients between 1987 and 1990. There were 151 patients (19% of the whole series) aged 75 years and older (160 endarterectomies, group A), including 29 octogenarians, vs 655 patients under 75 years of age (group B). There were more women in the elderly age group (44%) than in the younger one (38%). Symptoms, risk factors, operative outcome and follow up data of the two groups were compared. The risk profile was similar for the two age groups, with exception for coronary heart disease, less frequent in the older patient group (25% had previous infarction vs 44%). Indication for carotid endarterectomy was different in the two age groups: 41% of group A underwent prophylactic thrombendarterectomy for high degree stenosis, while only 30% of group B had asymptomatic carotid disease. In group A, 6% of the patients had carotid endarterectomy after recovering from a mild stroke, vs 2% in group B. Angiography revealed bilateral carotid disease in 59% of the group A patients (including 15% with contralateral occlusion) vs 40% in group B. Operative mortality was 1.5% for the younger age group vs 2.5% for the older age group. The cause of death was cardiac in 60%. A follow up is available for all patients who benefited carotid endarterectomy since 1976, including 180 patients aged 75 years or older.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailMinimal Levels of Serum Estradiol Prevent Postmenopausal Bone Loss
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Sarlet, Nathalie ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1992), 51

Biochemical parameters reflecting bone resorption [urinary calcium/creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline/creatinine (OH/Cr)] were related to serum estrogens [estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2)] in 262 ... [more ▼]

Biochemical parameters reflecting bone resorption [urinary calcium/creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline/creatinine (OH/Cr)] were related to serum estrogens [estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2)] in 262 healthy women including 158 patients receiving estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) for at least 6 months, 49 eugonadal women, and 55 untreated postmenopausal women. A significant (P < 0.001) correlation exists between serum E2 and Ca/Cr: Ca/Cr (mg/dl) = -0.00044 E2 (pg/ml) + 0.129 (n = 262; r = -0.37), serum E2 and OH/Cr: (OH/Cr (mg/g) = -0.049 E2 (pg/ml) + 18.76 (n = 262; r = -0.36), serum E1 and Ca/Cr: Ca/Cr (mg/dl) = -0.0003 E1 (pg/ml) + 0.127 (n = 261; r = -0.28) but not between serum E1 and OH/Cr. Women with circulating levels of E2 between 60 and 90 pg/ml have a significant (P < 0.01) reduction of Ca/Cr and OH/Cr when compared with those with lower levels of E2. Higher values of E2 do not provide additional benefit. We conclude that in postmenopausal women receiving an estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), a significant reduction of bone resorption is achieved when circulating levels of estradiol reach a value (60 pg/ml) corresponding to the one measured, in eugonadal women, during the last days of the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. We suggest that oral or percutaneous ERT should induce a minimal value of 60 pg/ml to prevent postmenopausal bone loss. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous Production of Specific Antibodies Does Not Decrease Hypocalcemic Response to Calcitonin in Young Rabbits
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Azria, M.; Lismonde, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1992), 50

In order to evaluate the potential inhibition of the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of salmon calcitonin (SCT) by specific antibodies (Ab), we compared the SCT-induced hypocalcemic effect in young male ... [more ▼]

In order to evaluate the potential inhibition of the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of salmon calcitonin (SCT) by specific antibodies (Ab), we compared the SCT-induced hypocalcemic effect in young male rabbits with significant titers of high affinity Ab and in matched animals without Ab. Immunization of rabbits was performed by repetitive s.c. injections of SCT and Freund adjuvant. Ab were present in four-fifths of SCT-treated rabbits (Ab+). Their titer varied from 0.8 x 10(-9) to 30 x 10(-9) M/liter and their constant of affinity from 0.97 x 10(9) to 4.2 x 10(9) L/M. Intravenous injection of 1 IU/kg SCT to Ab+ rabbits induced a significant decrease (P less than 0.01) of ionized serum calcium (Ca2+) after 30 minutes (mean +/- SD: -9 +/- 0.6%) and until the 240th minute of the test (-16.7 +/- 4.7%), with a maximum after 120 minutes (-22.6 +/- 2%). This was not significantly different from the hypocalcemic effect measured after the same procedure performed in matched animals without Ab (Ab-): significant decrease in Ca2+ (P less than 0.01) after 30 minutes (-8.2 +/- 2.2%), maximal after 150 minutes (-23.2 +/- 4.9%), and lasting until 210 minutes (-14.5 +/- 3.7%). We conclude that, in the particular model of the male young rabbit, specific anti-SCT Ab do not block or reduce the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of SCT. [less ▲]

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See detailPredictors of Spontaneous Predischarge Ischemia Following Acute Myocardial Infarction
PIERARD, Luc ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Kulbertus, H. E.

in Clinical Cardiology : International Journal for Cardiovascular Diseases (1992), 15(4), 260-4

To determine if the occurrence and the consequences of spontaneous predischarge postinfarction ischemia could be predicted early after hospital admission, a consecutive series of patients with acute ... [more ▼]

To determine if the occurrence and the consequences of spontaneous predischarge postinfarction ischemia could be predicted early after hospital admission, a consecutive series of patients with acute myocardial infarction was studied and followed for 3 years. No patient was treated by thrombolysis. Spontaneous predischarge ischemia was defined as angina that occurred at rest before hospital discharge, at least 3 days after the acute event, and that was accompanied by electrocardiographic changes, but not by an increase in cardiac enzymes. Patients who died within the first 3 days were excluded from analysis. Among the 943 patients who survived at least 3 days, 165 (17.5%) had spontaneous ischemia before discharge. They had a higher 1-year post-hospital mortality (16 vs. 10%), but did not have significantly higher total 3-year mortality rates. Four independent, early available variables predictive of the occurrence of spontaneous ischemia were selected from a stepwise logistic discriminant analysis: history of angina before infarction, non-Q-wave infarct, absence of smoking, and higher age. Among the 165 patients with spontaneous ischemia, 3 independent variables predictive of 3-year mortality were selected stepwise: left ventricular function score, history of previous infarction, and absence of smoking. [less ▲]

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See detailEstrogen replacement therapy and inhibition of bone resorption
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Sarlet, N; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires (1992), 59

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See detailLong-term precision of quantitative digital radiology
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; DEROISY, Rita ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires (1992), 59

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