References of "Adam, Stéphane"
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See detailFace-name association learning in early Alzheimer's disease: a comparison of learning methods and their underlying mechanisms.
Bier, Nathalie; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Gagnon, Lise et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2008), 18(3), 343-71

This study compared the efficacy of five learning methods in the acquisition of face-name associations in early dementia of Alzheimer type (AD). The contribution of error production and implicit memory to ... [more ▼]

This study compared the efficacy of five learning methods in the acquisition of face-name associations in early dementia of Alzheimer type (AD). The contribution of error production and implicit memory to the efficacy of each method was also examined. Fifteen participants with early AD and 15 matched controls were exposed to five learning methods: spaced retrieval, vanishing cues, errorless, and two trial-and-error methods, one with explicit and one with implicit memory task instructions. Under each method, participants had to learn a list of five face-name associations, followed by free recall, cued recall and recognition. Delayed recall was also assessed. For AD, results showed that all methods were efficient but there were no significant differences between them. The number of errors produced during the learning phases varied between the five methods but did not influence learning. There were no significant differences between implicit and explicit memory task instructions on test performances. For the control group, there were no differences between the five methods. Finally, no significant correlations were found between the performance of the AD participants in free recall and their cognitive profile, but generally, the best performers had better remaining episodic memory. Also, case study analyses showed that spaced retrieval was the method for which the greatest number of participants (four) obtained results as good as the controls. This study suggests that the five methods are effective for new learning of face-name associations in AD. It appears that early AD patients can learn, even in the context of error production and explicit memory conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the impact of the explicit knowledge of sequence regularities on both deterministic and probabilistic serial reaction time task performance?
Stefaniak, Nicolas ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg et al

in Memory & Cognition (2008), 36(7), 1283-98

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic sequence. The results confirm that, with a deterministic sequence, preliminary explicit learning improves SRT performance. On the other hand, with a probabilistic sequence, the results show no advantage for SRT performance in explicit-learning conditions. In addition, by using the process dissociation procedure (Jacoby, 1991), we show that performance on a subsequent generation task was more sustained by controlled processes for participants in the explicit-learning conditions than for those in the incidental condition. On the whole, these results, showing that the influence of explicit knowledge can be suppressed in certain specific conditions, are consistent with the intervention of both implicit and explicit mechanisms in SRT tasks, and the results also show that their relative influence can be modulated by the particular demands of the task. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude d'un cas d'aphasie progressive primaire
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2007, November 27)

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See detailThe ecological validity of traditional memory evaluation in relation with controlled memory processes and routinization
Dubreuil, P.; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Bier, N. et al

in Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology (2007), 22(8), 979-989

The neuropsychological evaluation of memory by traditional tests raises questions about their ecological validity, as the results on these tests often have little relation to the memory complaints. In an ... [more ▼]

The neuropsychological evaluation of memory by traditional tests raises questions about their ecological validity, as the results on these tests often have little relation to the memory complaints. In an attempt to explain this lack of relationship, the present study had two objectives: (1) explore the ecological superiority of the Process Dissociation Procedure (PDP) over traditional memory tests and (2) explore the effects of routinization on the relationship between memory complaints and memory tests. Thirty-three participants aged 55-86 years were given the PDP (memory evaluation), two questionnaires evaluating daily memory complaints (QAM and CDS) and a questionnaire evaluating routinization (EPR). The results indicate that the PDP, with its measure of controlled processes, is more ecological than traditional memory tests for elderly people. As well, the participants' lifestyle (routinized versus non-routinized) influenced their results on memory tests. The results are discussed in relation to neuropsychological evaluation and rehabilitation. (C) 2007 National Academy of Neuropsychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe nature and evolution of working memory deficits in multiple sclerosis
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; Caps, Emilie; Gryglewicz, Céline et al

Poster (2007, October 12)

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See detailLa réserve cognitive: impact des activités de loisirs, professionnelles et physiques
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2007, October 04)

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See detailComparison of inhibitory functioning in mild Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Amieva, Hélène; Adam, Stéphane ULg et al

in Cortex : A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System & Behavior (2007), 43(7), 866-874

Executive dysfunction is frequently reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). More specifically, inhibitory dysfunction is observed early in AD and ... [more ▼]

Executive dysfunction is frequently reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). More specifically, inhibitory dysfunction is observed early in AD and inhibitory deficits are also prominent in patients with FTD. However, few studies have simultaneously explored and compared inhibitory abilities in both degenerative diseases. Consequently, the aim of this study was to compare verbal and motor inhibitory processes in the initial stages of AD and the frontal variant of FTD. Stroop and Go/No-go tasks were administered. The results demonstrate that, on the Go/No-go task, AD and FTD patients do not produce more errors than control subjects. However, both groups are impaired on the Stroop task (mainly with regard to the error score) but do not differ from each other. These results indicate that AD and FTD patients do not present a general impairment of their inhibitory abilities. Moreover, these two kinds of dementia present similar quantitative and qualitative inhibitory impairments on the two tasks, although their patterns of structural and functional cerebral impairments are known to be different. The presence of similar inhibitory deficits despite very different patterns of brain damage is in agreement with the hypothesis that inhibitory dysfunction in the two groups of patients depends on a disconnection process between anterior and posterior cerebral areas, rather than on the presence of focal metabolism decreases in different regions. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of encoding specificity for the diagnosis of early AD: The RI-48 task
Adam, Stéphane ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Ivanoiu, A. et al

in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology (2007), 29(5), 477-487

The aim of this study was to evaluate the discriminant validity of the RI-48 test, a shorter French version of the Category Cued Recall portion of the Double Memory Test developed initially by Buschke and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the discriminant validity of the RI-48 test, a shorter French version of the Category Cued Recall portion of the Double Memory Test developed initially by Buschke and colleagues (1997), in the diagnosis of mild and very mild Alzheimer disease (AD). The distinctive feature of the RI-48 task is that encoding specificity was increased by adding an immediate cued recall stage at the encoding phase. The results show that the RI-48 task seems to be well adapted to the clinical context and to have good psychometric properties, in particular a lack of a ceiling effect. Moreover, this task appears to be especially well suited for the diagnosis of both mild and very mild AD (sensitivity of 93% and 83.8%). From a more theoretical point of view, this study confirms the importance of optimizing the encoding specificity for the diagnosis of very mild AD, since the more encoding specificity is accentuated, the more discriminating power is increased for the diagnosis of very mild AD. [less ▲]

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See detailLes outils neuropsychologiques sensibles pour le diagnostic précoce de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailMémoire procédurale et maladie d'Alzheimer: Rôle des fonctions exécutives
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2007, May 11)

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See detailControlled processes account for age-related decrease in episodic memory
Vanderaspoilden, Valérie; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Acta Psychologica (2007), 125(1), 20-36

A decrease in controlled processes has been proposed to be responsible for age-related episodic memory decline. We used the Process Dissociation Procedure, a method that attempts to estimate the ... [more ▼]

A decrease in controlled processes has been proposed to be responsible for age-related episodic memory decline. We used the Process Dissociation Procedure, a method that attempts to estimate the contribution of controlled and automatic processes to cognitive performance, and entered both estimates in regression analyses. Results indicate that only controlled processes explained a great part of the age-related variance in a word recall task, especially when little environmental support was offered. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLes outils neuropsychologiques sensibles pour le diagnostic précoce de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailL'effort cognitif
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2007, April 11)

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See detailApport de la neuropsychologie dans le cadre du diagnostic précoce de la maladie d’Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailL’approche neuropsychologique de la prise en charge de la maladie d’Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailLes outils de screening de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailMémoire de travail et maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Vallat-Azouvi, Claire; Aubin, Ghislaine; Coyette, Françoise (Eds.) et al Neuropsychologie de la mémoire de travail (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 306 (16 ULg)