References of "Adam, Stéphane"
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See detailDémystifier la consultation démence
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailRéhabilitation cognitive en Centre de Jour: une démarche éthique
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailLa prise en charge de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailCognition in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome as compared with major depression
Gillain, B.; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Seron, Xavier et al

Poster (2008, May 21)

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See detailEtat actuel des connaissances sur le fonctionnement de la mémoire
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailPrise en charge neuropsychologique de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2008, March 13)

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See detailLes outils neuropsychologues sensibles pour le diagnostic de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailTalking while walking in multiple sclerosis: Increased difficulty of walking abilities, deficit of working memory, or both?
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; Gryglewicz, Céline; Leonard, Yves et al

Poster (2008, February 02)

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See detailDirected forgetting and aging: the role of retrieval processes, processing speed, and proactive interference.
Hogge, Michaël; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition (2008), 15(4), 471-91

The directed forgetting effect obtained with the item method is supposed to depend on both selective rehearsal of to-be-remembered (TBR) items and attentional inhibition of to-be-forgotten (TBF) items. In ... [more ▼]

The directed forgetting effect obtained with the item method is supposed to depend on both selective rehearsal of to-be-remembered (TBR) items and attentional inhibition of to-be-forgotten (TBF) items. In this study, we investigated the locus of the directed forgetting deficit in older adults by exploring the influence of recollection and familiarity-based retrieval processes on age-related differences in directed forgetting. Moreover, we explored the influence of processing speed, short-term memory capacity, thought suppression tendencies, and sensitivity to proactive interference on performance. The results indicated that older adults' directed forgetting difficulties are due to decreased recollection of TBR items, associated with increased automatic retrieval of TBF items. Moreover, processing speed and proactive interference appeared to be responsible for the decreased recall of TBR items. [less ▲]

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See detailTâche de Rappel Libre/Rappel Indicé à 16 items (RL/RI-16)
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Hugonot-Diener, L.; Barbeau, Emmanuel; Michel, Bernard (Eds.) et al GREMOIRE: Tests et échelles de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des syndromes apparentés (2008)

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See detailCalifornia Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) - Adaptation française
Hahn-Barma; Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Hugonot-Diener, Laurence; Barbeau, Emmanuel; Michel, Bernard (Eds.) et al GREMOIRE: Tests et échelles de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des syndromes apparentés (2008)

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See detailTâche de Rappel Indicé à 48 items (RI-48)
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Hugonot-Diener, L.; Barbeau, Emmanuel; Michel, Bernard (Eds.) et al GREMOIRE: Tests et échelles de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des syndromes apparentés (2008)

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See detailRetrieval induced forgetting in normal aging
Hogge, Michaël; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Journal of Neuropsychology (2008), 2

The retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) paradigm was used to assess the integrity of unintentional inhibitory functioning in normal aging. The paradigm was adapted to explore the RIF effect under ... [more ▼]

The retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) paradigm was used to assess the integrity of unintentional inhibitory functioning in normal aging. The paradigm was adapted to explore the RIF effect under conditions that allow us to differentiate the contribution of intentional and automatic retrieval processes to performance. The results showed the presence of equivalent and significant RIF effects in young and older adults, for both the controlled and automatic retrieval performance. These results suggest that unintentional inhibitory processes are spared in normal aging, and confirm that RIF effect is independent of the kind of memory processes needed to perform the task. [less ▲]

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See detailEpreuve de Rappel Libre à 15 items avec remémoration sélective - RLS-15
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Hugonot-Diener, L.; Barbeau, Emmanuel; Michel, Bernard (Eds.) et al GREMOIRE: Tests et échelles de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des syndromes apparentés (2008)

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See detailLes corrélats métaboliques des processus contrôlés en mémoire dans la maladie d'Alzheimer très débutante
Bastin, Christine ULg; Kerrouche, Nacer; Lekeu, Françoise ULg et al

in Ergis, Anne-Marie; Fiori, N.; Chaby, L. (Eds.) et al Xème colloque international sur le vieillissement cognitif (2008)

Les processus contrôlés et automatiques de récupération mnésique ont été évalués au moyen de la Procédure de Dissociation des Processus appliquée à une tâche de complètement de trigrammes chez 59 patients ... [more ▼]

Les processus contrôlés et automatiques de récupération mnésique ont été évalués au moyen de la Procédure de Dissociation des Processus appliquée à une tâche de complètement de trigrammes chez 59 patients diagnostiqués comme « questionable Alzheimer’s disease » (QAD ou Mild Cognitive Impairment). Par ailleurs, le métabolisme cérébral du glucose des patients a été mesuré par FDG-PET. Comparativement à des volontaires âgés sains appariés, le profil mnésique des patients QAD était caractérisé par un déficit des processus contrôlés, mais une préservation des processus automatiques. Après un suivi de 30 mois, 27 des patients ont développé une maladie d’Alzheimer, tandis que 23 patients restèrent des QAD stables (9 sujets n’ont pas complété le suivi ou ont reçu un autre diagnostic au terme de celui-ci). Les deux sous-groupes présentaient le même degré de déclin des processus de mémoire contrôlés. Des corrélations cognitivo-métaboliques, ainsi qu’une analyse en composantes principales, ont permis de montrer que les corrélats métaboliques des processus contrôlés (à l’entrée dans l’étude) n’étaient les mêmes chez les patients qui allaient développer la maladie d’Alzheimer et chez les patients qui allaient rester stables. Chez les patients qui développaient ultérieurement une maladie d’Alzheimer, l’utilisation correcte des processus contrôlés était positivement corrélée à l’activité du cortex préfrontal dorsomédian, qui pourrait jouer un rôle dans les processus réflexifs de monitoring agissant sur les produits de la récupération. L’activité du cortex préfrontal dorsomédian était corrélée à l’activité métabolique des régions frontales bilatérales et du cortex cingulaire postérieur. Par contraste, chez les patients QAD stables, nous avons trouvé une corrélation avec la formation hippocampique antérieure, une région qui intervient dans la réactivation de l’épisode d’encodage des événements. [less ▲]

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See detailNew learning in dementia: transfer and spontaneous use of learning in everyday life functioning. Two case studies.
Bier, Nathalie; Provencher, Veronique; Gagnon, Lise et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2008), 18(2), 204-35

The purpose of these two case studies was to explore the effectiveness of learning methods in dementia when applied in real-life settings and the integration of new skills in daily life functioning. The ... [more ▼]

The purpose of these two case studies was to explore the effectiveness of learning methods in dementia when applied in real-life settings and the integration of new skills in daily life functioning. The first participant, DD, learned to look at a calendar with the spaced retrieval method to answer his repeated questions about the current date and calls made to family. Progressive cuing was used by his wife to increase spontaneous use of the calendar, but DD had difficulty integrating the calendar into his routine. The second patient, MD, relearned a leisure activity (listening to music on a cassette radio) and how to participate in a social activity (saying the rosary in a group) with a combination of learning methods. Transfer of these skills in similar contexts was difficult for MD. She never integrated the cassette radio into her daily life routine but she went regularly to the rosary activity, which was cued by an alarm clock. In sum, the learning methods used were very effective with these patients but transfer and spontaneous use were difficult. Since these aspects are essential to rehabilitation, they should be further explored in order to increase the effectiveness of cognitive interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailFace-name association learning in early Alzheimer's disease: a comparison of learning methods and their underlying mechanisms.
Bier, Nathalie; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Gagnon, Lise et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2008), 18(3), 343-71

This study compared the efficacy of five learning methods in the acquisition of face-name associations in early dementia of Alzheimer type (AD). The contribution of error production and implicit memory to ... [more ▼]

This study compared the efficacy of five learning methods in the acquisition of face-name associations in early dementia of Alzheimer type (AD). The contribution of error production and implicit memory to the efficacy of each method was also examined. Fifteen participants with early AD and 15 matched controls were exposed to five learning methods: spaced retrieval, vanishing cues, errorless, and two trial-and-error methods, one with explicit and one with implicit memory task instructions. Under each method, participants had to learn a list of five face-name associations, followed by free recall, cued recall and recognition. Delayed recall was also assessed. For AD, results showed that all methods were efficient but there were no significant differences between them. The number of errors produced during the learning phases varied between the five methods but did not influence learning. There were no significant differences between implicit and explicit memory task instructions on test performances. For the control group, there were no differences between the five methods. Finally, no significant correlations were found between the performance of the AD participants in free recall and their cognitive profile, but generally, the best performers had better remaining episodic memory. Also, case study analyses showed that spaced retrieval was the method for which the greatest number of participants (four) obtained results as good as the controls. This study suggests that the five methods are effective for new learning of face-name associations in AD. It appears that early AD patients can learn, even in the context of error production and explicit memory conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the impact of the explicit knowledge of sequence regularities on both deterministic and probabilistic serial reaction time task performance?
Stefaniak, Nicolas ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg et al

in Memory & Cognition (2008), 36(7), 1283-98

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic sequence. The results confirm that, with a deterministic sequence, preliminary explicit learning improves SRT performance. On the other hand, with a probabilistic sequence, the results show no advantage for SRT performance in explicit-learning conditions. In addition, by using the process dissociation procedure (Jacoby, 1991), we show that performance on a subsequent generation task was more sustained by controlled processes for participants in the explicit-learning conditions than for those in the incidental condition. On the whole, these results, showing that the influence of explicit knowledge can be suppressed in certain specific conditions, are consistent with the intervention of both implicit and explicit mechanisms in SRT tasks, and the results also show that their relative influence can be modulated by the particular demands of the task. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude d'un cas d'aphasie progressive primaire
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2007, November 27)

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