References of "Adam, Stéphane"
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See detailRelation entre retraite et santé mentale de la personne âgée
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 05)

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See detailCognitive deficits in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome compared to those with major depressive disorder and healthy controls
Constant, Eric; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Gillain, Benoît et al

in Clinical Neurology & Neurosurgery (2011), 113(4), 295-302

Object: It is frequently reported that cognitive complaints accompany the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, studies on cognition in CFS have yielded conflicting results. The neuropsychological ... [more ▼]

Object: It is frequently reported that cognitive complaints accompany the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, studies on cognition in CFS have yielded conflicting results. The neuropsychological literature on this subject is plagued by methodological difficulties, including, for example, the existence of comorbid depression, which is also associated with cognitive impairments. Patients and Methods: Twenty-five patients with CFS, 25 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and 25 healthy control subjects were given standardized tests of attention, working memory, and verbal and visual episodic memory, and were also tested for effects related to lack of effort/simulation, suggestibility, and fatigue. Results: Patients with CFS had slower phasic alertness, and also had impaired working, visual and verbal episodic memory compared to controls. They were, however, no more sensitive than the other groups to suggestibility or to fatigue induced during the cognitive session. Cognitive impairments in MDD patients were strongly associated with depression and subjective fatigue; in patients with CFS, there was a weaker correlation between cognition and depression (and no correlation with fatigue). Conclusions: This study confirms the presence of an objective impairment in attention and memory in patients with CFS but with good mobilization of effort and without exaggerated suggestibility. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce que la maladie d'Alzheimer et comment prendre en charge ces patients?
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailL’âge du départ à la retraite comme question de politique de santé publique?
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailLa maladie d'Alzheimer: Rôle du psychologue pour le diagnostic précoce de cette pathologie.
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailNeural correlates of controlled memory processes in questionable Alzheimer’s disease
Bastin, Christine ULg; Kerrouche, Nacer; LEKEU, Françoise ULg et al

in Ashford, J. Wesson; Rosen, Allyson; Adamson, Maheen (Eds.) et al Advances in Alzheimer's Disease. Volume 2: Handbook of imaging the Alzheimer brain (2011)

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive loss of controlled cognitive processes (processes requiring mental effort and attentional resources), and functional neuroimaging at early stages ... [more ▼]

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by a progressive loss of controlled cognitive processes (processes requiring mental effort and attentional resources), and functional neuroimaging at early stages of AD provides an opportunity to tease out the neural correlates of controlled processes. Controlled and automatic memory performance was assessed with the Process Dissociation Procedure in 50 patients diagnosed with questionable Alzheimer’s disease (QAD). The patients’ brain glucose metabolism was measured using FDG-PET. After a follow-up period of 36 months, 27 patients had converted to AD, while 23 remained stable. Both groups showed a similar decrease in controlled memory processes but preserved automatic processes at entry into the study, suggesting that impairment of controlled memory would not be specific for AD. Patients who subsequently converted to Alzheimer type dementia showed significantly decreased brain metabolism at baseline compared to stable QAD in associative cortices known to be involved in AD (the left precuneus, the right inferior parietal lobule and bilateral middle temporal cortex).Voxel-based cognitive and metabolic correlations showed that a decrease in controlled memory processes was preferentially correlated with lower activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortices in very early AD patients. The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex would play a role in controlled memory processes as they relate to reflective and monitoring processes, while the posterior cingulate cortex is involved in the controlled access to previously encoded episodes. In stable QAD patients, reduced controlled performance in verbal memory correlated with impaired activity in the left anterior hippocampal structure, which would alter the reactivation of associations created at encoding. [less ▲]

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See detailVieillissement et mémoire épisodique : Implication des processus automatiques et contrôlés
Guerdoux, Estelle; Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Brouillet, Denis (Ed.) Le vieillissement cognitif normal: Maintenir l'autonomie de la personne âgée (2011)

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See detailMémoire déclarative et processus contrôlés
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2010, December 04)

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See detailApports de la neuropsychologie dans le diagnostic et la prise en charge de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Adam, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2010, October 15)

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See detailPersistance des troubles psychologiques et comportementaux de la démence
Squelard, Gilles ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Missotten, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2010, October)

est considérable. Actuellement, la sélection d’un traitement dépend de la nature du trouble et de son intensité. La connaissance de leur persistance s’avère importante pour la sélection et l’organisation ... [more ▼]

est considérable. Actuellement, la sélection d’un traitement dépend de la nature du trouble et de son intensité. La connaissance de leur persistance s’avère importante pour la sélection et l’organisation du traitement. Objectifs: Evaluer la persistance des troubles psychologiques et comportementaux dans une population de sujets déments suivis longitudinalement. Méthodes: Nous avons sélectionné 104 sujets déments issus de l’étude Qualidem (Paquay et al., 2004). Tous les sujets sont institutionnalisés et présentent des perturbations cognitives (score MMSE<20). Les troubles psychologiques et comportementaux ont été évalués à 12 mois d’intervalle avec le Neuropsychiatric Inventory (Cummings et al., 1997). Résultats: Les perturbations les plus persistantes sont les idées délirantes (62%), et l’agitation (67%). Le risque de rechute est moins important pour la dépression (54%), les hallucinations (44%), l’exaltation de l’humeur (43%), l’apathie (48%), l’irritabilité (52%), et le comportement moteur aberrant (52%). L’anxiété (38%), la désinhibition (39%), les troubles du sommeil (39%) et de l’appétit (38%) sont les moins persistants. Conclusion: La nature persistante de l’agitation et des idées délirantes suggère que le traitement de ces perturbations doit être prolongé. La nature ponctuelle de l’anxiété, la désinhibition et des troubles de l’appétit et du sommeil suggère qu’un traitement à court terme est plus approprié pour ces perturbations. Ces résultats sont à interpréter par rapport à la définition des troubles induite par le NPI. [less ▲]

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See detailOù ai-je posé mes clefs ? Les erreurs de glissement de mémoire dans le vieillissement normal et pathologique
Guerdoux, Estelle; Dressaire, Deborah; Martin, Sophie et al

Poster (2010, September 24)

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