References of "Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailLa disponibilité et le prix du foncier à vocation économique: quel impact sur le développement économique en Wallonie?
Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline ULg

Doctoral thesis (2016)

This doctoral dissertation concerns the policy of land production related to economic land in Wallonia. This policy corresponds to the development of economic estates by public authorities, through ... [more ▼]

This doctoral dissertation concerns the policy of land production related to economic land in Wallonia. This policy corresponds to the development of economic estates by public authorities, through economic development agencies, to accommodate businesses. It is based on the argument according to which the availability of land – cheap if possible – is an essential factor in territorial attractiveness and competitiveness. The reflections presented in this dissertation originate from the discrepancy between this argument and the scientific literature devoted to regional development. Indeed, unlike elected representatives and economic development agencies, scholars active in the field of regional sciences only very rarely refer to the impact of the land markets on levels of development. Rather than focusing on the theme of land prices and land availability, regional scientists underline the importance of intangible factors such as innovation, education, integration into networks, territorial identity, strategic management or governance. In view of this difference, it seems appropriate to assess the spatial and economic effectiveness of the Walloon policy of land production. To do this, our wish is to objectify the real role of the availability and the price of economic land on territorial development. The first part of the dissertation develops a reflection on the literature dedicated to the relationships between land and property markets and regional development. It leads to highlight the need to develop knowledge on the impact of land and property markets on business competitiveness, regional attractiveness and economic development. The second part is devoted to the study of the availability of economic land and aims to assess the spatial effectiveness and the economic effectiveness of policies which offer an important quantity of economic land. To do this, statistical analyses were conducted on two study areas: the Northwest Europe and Belgium. As regards spatial effectiveness, the results underline significant national differentials in terms of land consumption on the one hand, while highlighting the economic sprawl that characterises France and Belgium on the other hand. As regards economic effectiveness, our results show that the impact of the development of economic estates on growth depends largely on regional contexts. Our analyses identified three regional profiles. First, urban regions, where land availability only plays a marginal role, most likely owing to the presence of numerous activities that are not very extensive spatially, yet very productive in terms of added value. Secondly, intermediate regions, where the availability of economic land has a real impact on development. However, it would appear that the profile of these regions is adapted to the presence of activities which, like logistics, generate a limited amount of jobs and added value per surface unit. Thirdly, rural regions, where the opening of land to urbanisation does not deliver the desired results. In these regions, the availability of land is not a sufficient condition for economic growth and job creation. However, we have to precise that the Belgian rural regions are rather similar to intermediate regions, probably thanks to their good connectivity. The third part concerns the study of the economic land prices. It tends to assess the impact of these prices on company property costs. The developed statistical analysis is based on annual accounts of companies with one reporting unit localised in Walloon economic estates. Results suggest that property costs are rather low. On average, they represent 1.4% of all their operational costs and 5.4% of their added-values. By contrast, labour costs are eight times higher. In addition, our analyses suggest that an increase in land prices would have a limited impact on property costs. These results tend to invalidate the hypothesis that low land prices are a key determinant of regional development. Although, property costs are highly dependent on the business sector and the size of firms. For instance, for logistic companies and small firms, property costs represent more than 10% of their added-values and 2% to 5% of their operational costs. These results tend to highlight the fact that high land prices can have a negative impact on the development of these companies. As a final point, our conclusion discusses the recommendation that economic land supply policies must be adapted according to both, the profile of the territories and the profile of the firms. Indeed, in urban regions, land supply policies aiming to supply an important land supply at low price is probably inefficient from an economic standpoint. By contrast, economic development can be expected in intermediate regions with active land policies dedicated to land-intensive activities. Moreover, a specific attention should be paid to small companies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 196 (34 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEconomic Land Consumtion and Regional Developement in North-West Europe
Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'impact de la gestion de la mobilité par les entreprises wallonnes sur les déplacements domicile-travail
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg; Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline ULg

in Recherche - Transports - Securité (2014), 2014(2-3), 83-100

Although mobility management by employers is an increasingly common practice, literature is scarce on the real impact of the applied measures. In this perspective, the objective of this paper is to assess ... [more ▼]

Although mobility management by employers is an increasingly common practice, literature is scarce on the real impact of the applied measures. In this perspective, the objective of this paper is to assess the impact on car use of the measures adopted by employers located in Wallonia. In order to achieve this objective, the article develops simulations that put forward the impact of the measures based on their interrelations with other modal choice factors. Our assessment leads to the conclusion that measures promoting public transport and car-pooling can reduce solo car driving between 7,2 % and 8,4 %. In contrast to our assumption, measures promoting public transport are less effective in central areas than in urban outskirts. Regarding measures promoting the use of bicycle, the findings suggest that the modal shift occurs from other modes rather than from car use. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 199 (76 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe rôle de l'immobilier d'entreprise dans la compétitivité des territoires : le cas de la Wallonie
Vandermeer, Marie-Caroline ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Urbia (2013)

La recherche doctorale en relation avec cet article vise à préciser les liens entre la compétitivité territoriale, l’immobilier d’entreprise et le sujet des parcs d’activités économiques. Le terrain ... [more ▼]

La recherche doctorale en relation avec cet article vise à préciser les liens entre la compétitivité territoriale, l’immobilier d’entreprise et le sujet des parcs d’activités économiques. Le terrain empirique investigué est celui de la Wallonie, une région où la disponibilité en terrains à vocation économique est considérée comme un levier essentiel du redéploiement économique. L’objectif de cet article est de rendre compte des grands questionnements ayant conduit à structurer notre projet de thèse. Afin de répondre à cet objectif, nous avons organisé l’article en trois chapitres. Le premier vise à présenter le contexte investigué. Nous y dressons un bref état des lieux quant à la problématique des parcs d’activités en Wallonie. Au deuxième chapitre, nous synthétisons notre état de l’art, en précisant comment la compétitivité territoriale s’articule au domaine de l’immobilier d’entreprise. Enfin, en troisième partie, nous présentons les principales étapes de notre projet doctoral, dont l’objectif opérationnel est d’aider les autorités wallonnes à mieux préciser leur stratégie en matière de terrains à vocation économique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 237 (47 ULg)