References of "Vandenheede, Marc"
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See detailRider and horse salivary cortisol levels during competition and impact on performance.
Peeters, Marie ULg; Closson, Coline; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2013), 33(3), 155-160

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See detailRelationships between young stallions's temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations.
Peeters, Marie ULg; Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research (2012), 7(5), 311-321

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See detailIMPACT OF THE TEMPERAMENT OF YOUNG STALLIONS ON THEIR STRESS REACTIONS WHEN SUBJECTED TO A STANDARDISED VETERINARY EXAMINATION
Peeters, Marie ULg; Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research (2011, September), 6

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See detailLe stress du cavalier et du cheval en compétition
Peeters, Marie ULg; Closson, Coline ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

Poster (2011, February 24)

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See detailComparison between blood serum and salivary cortisol concentrations in horses using an adrenocorticotropic hormone challenge
Peeters, Marie ULg; Sulon, Joseph; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2011), 43(4), 487-493

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See detailLa relation entre peur et bien-être chez les animaux de production
Vandenheede, Marc ULg

in Beata, Claude (Ed.) La peur. De l'animal à l'humain, de l'éthologie à la pathologie. (2011)

Fear is a basic emotion shared by humans and most animals that meet veterinarians. This book gathers the proceedings of the "Zoopsy 2011" congress, where veterinarians and other health professionals ... [more ▼]

Fear is a basic emotion shared by humans and most animals that meet veterinarians. This book gathers the proceedings of the "Zoopsy 2011" congress, where veterinarians and other health professionals talked about fear. The article speaks about the relationships between fear and welfare in farmed animals. [less ▲]

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See detailCan we predict troubles during horse clinical examination by a simple test?
Peeters, Marie ULg; Godfroid, Sandra; Sulon, Joseph et al

Poster (2010, August 03)

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See detailAssessment of stress level in horses during competition using salivary cortisol: preliminary studies
Peeters, Marie ULg; Sulon, Joseph; Serteyn, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Behavior : Clinical Applications and Research (2010, July), 5(4), 216

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See detailGaseous emissions from group-housed gestating sows kept on deep litter and offered an ad libitum high-fibre diet
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Canart, Bernard; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2009), 132

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part in the global problem of ... [more ▼]

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part in the global problem of climate change. Ammonia (NH3) emissions are responsible of soil and water acidification and eutrophication and contribute also to indirect emissions of N2O. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-fibre diet offered ad libitum to gestating sows on gaseous emissions (NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and water vapour (H2O)). Four successive batches of 10 gestating sows were used for this trial. Each batch was divided into 2 homogeneous groups randomly allocated to a treatment: restricted conventional cereals based diet or high-fibre diet based on sugar beet pulp (42%). The groups were separately kept in two identical rooms equipped with a straw-bedded pen of 12.6 m². For restricted sows, meals were provided once a day in individual feeding stalls available only during the feeding time. In both rooms, ventilation was automatically adapted to maintain a constant ambient temperature. The gas emissions were measured by infrared photoacoustic detection during 6 consecutive days at the 6th, 9th and 12th weeks of gestation. Sows performance (body weight gain, backfat thickness, number and weight of piglets) was not significantly different according to the diet. With sows offered high-fibre diet and compared to sows offered restricted diet, gaseous emissions were significantly greater for NH3 (9.64 g NH3-N d-1 sow-1 vs. 5.37 g NH3-N d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001), CH4 (17.20 g d-1 sow-1 vs. 15.21 g d-1 sow-1; P < 0.01), CO2 (3.00 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 2.41 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and H2O (4.71 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 3.68 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and significantly lower for N2O (0.97 g N2O-N d-1 sow-1 vs. 2.48 g N2O-N d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001) and CO2 equivalents (0.88 kg d-1 sow-1 vs. 1.55 kg d-1 sow-1; P < 0.001). In conclusion, the effects of high-fibre diet offered to gestating sows on deep litter on environment seem ambiguous with an increase of NH3 emissions but a decrease of N2O and CO2 equivalent emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions associated to a high-fibre diet fed to gestating sows group-housed on deep litter
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Canart, B.; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Proceeding of the XIV ISAH Congress (2009)

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See detailEffects of space allowance on gas emissions from group-housed gestating sows
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Canart, Bernard et al

in Book of abstract of the 60th Annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2009)

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See detailGaseous emissions from weaned pigs raised on different floor systems
Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment (2009), 130

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part to the global problem of ... [more ▼]

Gaseous emissions from agriculture contribute to a number of environmental effects. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are greenhouse gases taking part to the global problem of climate change. Ammonia (NH3) emissions are responsible of soil acidification and eutrophication and contribute also to indirect emissions of N2O. This work evaluated the influence of the type of floor on the emissions of these gases in the raising of weaned pigs. Two trials were carried out. In the first trial, the animals were kept either on fully slatted floor or on straw-based deep litter and, in the second one, either on fully slatted floor or on sawdust-based deep litter. For each trial and on each type of floor, 2 successive batches of weaned pigs were raised without changing the litter or emptying the slurry pit between the 2 batches. The rooms were automatically ventilated to maintain a constant ambient temperature. The performance of the animals was not significantly different according to the floor type. In trial 1, the nitrogen contents of the straw deep litter (including the substrate) and slurry were respectively 276 and 389 g pig-1. In trial 2, the sawdust deep litter and slurry nitrogen contents were respectively 122 and 318 g pig-1. Raising pigs on straw deep litter produced proportionately around 100% more NH3 than raising pigs on slatted floor (0.61 vs. 0.31 g NH3-N d-1 per pig; P<0.05). Differences in CO2, H2O and CH4 emissions were not significant between systems. Raising pigs on sawdust deep litter produced also proportionately more NH3 (+52%; 0.55 vs. 0.36 g NH3-N d-1 per pig; P<0.01) but also more CO2 (+25%; 427 vs. 341 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) and H2O (+65%; 981 vs. 593 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) and less CH4 (-40%; 0.52 vs. 0.86 g d-1 per pig; P<0.001) than raising pigs on slatted floor. Practically no N2O emission was observed from rooms with slatted floor while the N2O emissions were 0.03 and 0.32 g N2O-N d-1 per pig for the straw and sawdust deep litter respectively. The warming potential of the greenhouse gases (N2O + CH4), were about 22, 34 and 168 g CO2 equivalents per day and per pig on fully slatted floor, straw or sawdust deep litter respectively. In conclusion, pollutant gas emissions from rearing of weaned pig seem lower with fully slatted plastic floor system than with deep litter systems [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse des modalités d'utilisation d'un distributeur automatique de concentré (DAC)
Wavreille, José; Remience, Virginie; Canart, Bernard et al

in Compte-rendu des 41ème Journées de la Recherche Porcine en France (2009)

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See detailAnalyse des modalités d'utilisation d'un distributeur automatique de concentré (DAC) par des truies gestantes logées en groupe dynamique
Wavreille, José; Remience, Virginie; Canart, Bernard et al

in 41èmes Journées de la Recherche porcine (2009)

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See detailLe cortisol salivaire comme indicateur du bien-être chez la truie gestante lors de regroupement.
Wavreille, José; Planchon, V.; Remience, Virginie et al

in 41èmes Journées de la Recherche porcine (2009)

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See detailEffect of feed-, nitrogen-, fibres- and water-intakes on emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and water vapour of grouped gestating sows kept on straw-based deep litter
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Canart, Bernard; Laitat, Martine ULg et al

in 13th RAMIRAN International Conference, Potential for simple technology solutions in organic management (2008)

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See detailEffects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder
Remience, Virginie; Wavreille, José; Canart, Bernard et al

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (2008), 112(3-4), 284-296

The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m(2)/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups ... [more ▼]

The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m(2)/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of respectively 102 m(2) (3 m(2)/sow) and 76.5 m(2) (2.25 m(2)/sow). Each sow lived there for 15 weeks. Sows were fed through an electronic sow feeder. According to the dynamic system, one third of each group (i.e. 11 or 12 nearly parturient sows) was replaced every 5 weeks by the same number of recently inseminated sows. Welfare indicators were collected during six of these 5 week-periods: performance, agonistic behaviour, skin lesion score and salivary cortisol. No differences were observed for production parameters, or for fighting activity. However, the mean number of one-way aggressions, when observed during 2 h-periods at 3 and 8 days after grouping, was significantly lower in the large pen than in the small one (respectively 16 +/- 2 versus 26 +/- 3, p < 0.01, and 10 +/- 2 versus 20 +/- 5, p < 0.05). The mean number of injuries was also lower with the 3 m(2) space allowance, when collected on the introduced sows one, 2 and 3 weeks after grouping. Some contradictory differences in salivary cortisol were noted 2 and 26 h after mixing, but without reaching statistical significance. An available area 33% higher than the EU legal minimum reduced agonistic behaviour and consecutive wounds and thus induced better welfare conditions for sows living in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder. The impact on productivity and social physiological stress need further research. [less ▲]

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