References of "Takeda, Haruko"
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See detailDeep sequencing reveals abundant non-canonical retroviral microRNAs in B-cell leukemia/lymphoma
Rosewick, Nicolas; Momont, Mélanie ULg; Durkin, Keith ULg et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013)

Viral tumor models have significantly contributed to our understanding of oncogenic mechanisms. How transforming delta-retroviruses induce malignancy however remains poorly understood, especially as viral ... [more ▼]

Viral tumor models have significantly contributed to our understanding of oncogenic mechanisms. How transforming delta-retroviruses induce malignancy however remains poorly understood, especially as viral mRNA/protein are tightly silenced in tumors. Here, using deep sequencing of broad windows of small RNA sizes in the Bovine Leukemia Virus ovine model of leukemia/lymphoma, we provide in vivo evidence of the production of non-canonical Pol IIItranscribed viral microRNAs in leukemic B-cells in the complete absence of Pol II 5’ LTR-driven transcriptional activity. Processed from a cluster of five independent self-sufficient transcriptional units located in a proviral region dispensable for in vivo infectivity, BLV microRNAs represent ~ 40 % of all microRNAs in both experimental and natural malignancy. They are subject to strong purifying selection and associate with Argonautes, consistent with a critical function in silencing of important cellular and/or viral targets. BLV microRNAs are strongly expressed in preleukemic and malignant cells in which structural and regulatory gene expression is repressed, suggesting a key role in tumor onset and progression. Understanding how Pol III-dependent microRNAs subvert cellular and viral pathways will contribute in deciphering the intricate perturbations that underlie malignant transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailVariants modulating the expression of a chromosome domain encompassing PLAG1 influence bovine stature.
Karim, Latifa ULg; Takeda, Haruko ULg; Lin, Li et al

in Nature Genetics (2011), 43(5), 405-13

We report mapping of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) with a major effect on bovine stature to a approximately 780-kb interval using a Hidden Markov Model-based approach that simultaneously exploits ... [more ▼]

We report mapping of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) with a major effect on bovine stature to a approximately 780-kb interval using a Hidden Markov Model-based approach that simultaneously exploits linkage and linkage disequilibrium. We re-sequenced the interval in six sires with known QTL genotype and identified 13 clustered candidate quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) out of >9,572 discovered variants. We eliminated five candidate QTNs by studying the phenotypic effect of a recombinant haplotype identified in a breed diversity panel. We show that the QTL influences fetal expression of seven of the nine genes mapping to the approximately 780-kb interval. We further show that two of the eight candidate QTNs, mapping to the PLAG1-CHCHD7 intergenic region, influence bidirectional promoter strength and affect binding of nuclear factors. By performing expression QTL analyses, we identified a splice site variant in CHCHD7 and exploited this naturally occurring null allele to exclude CHCHD7 as single causative gene. [less ▲]

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See detailDemonstrating polymorphic miRNA-mediated gene regulation in vivo: application to the g+6223G->A mutation of Texel sheep.
Takeda, Haruko ULg; Charlier, Carole ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in RNA (New York, N.Y.) (2010), 16(9), 1854-63

We herein describe the development of a biochemical method to evaluate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in target genes on their regulation by microRNAs in vivo. The method is based on ... [more ▼]

We herein describe the development of a biochemical method to evaluate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in target genes on their regulation by microRNAs in vivo. The method is based on the detection of allelic imbalance in RNAs coimmunoprecipitated with AGO proteins from tissues of heterozygous individuals. We characterize the performances of our approach using a model system in a cell culture, and then apply it successfully to prove that the 3'UTR g+6223G-->A mutation operates by promoting RISC-dependent down-regulation of myostatin (MSTN) in skeletal muscle of Texel sheep. [less ▲]

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See detailMethylation analysis of the imprinted DLK1-GTL2 domain supports the random parental origin of the IGH-involving del(14q) in B-cell malignancies.
Katrincsakova, Beata; Takeda, Haruko ULg; Urbankova, Helena et al

in Epigenetics : Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society (2009), 4(7), 469-75

Leukemias/lymphomas with IGH-involving del(14q)(1) commonly lose the DLK1-GTL2 imprinted domain that comprises several paternally and maternally expressed genes, including a cluster of microRNAs. Given ... [more ▼]

Leukemias/lymphomas with IGH-involving del(14q)(1) commonly lose the DLK1-GTL2 imprinted domain that comprises several paternally and maternally expressed genes, including a cluster of microRNAs. Given that deletion of this region could lead to inactivation of a monoallelically expressed tumor suppressor gene, our study aimed at determination of the parental origin of del(14q/IGH). The designed allele-specific methylation study of the DLK1/GTL2 intergenic differentially methylated region allowed us to determine the parental origin of del(14q/IGH) in 9/20 analyzed cases. In six cases del(14q/IGH) was of the paternal origin and in three cases of the maternal origin. These findings argue against the concept that a TSG/anti-oncomir located in the imprinted region is systematically inactivated by a targeted deletion of its functional allele. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymorphic miRNA-target interactions : A Novel Source of Phenotypic Variation
Georges, Michel ULg; Clop, Alex; Marcq, Fabienne ULg et al

in Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology (2006, June), 71

Studying the muscular hypertrophy of Texel sheep by forward genetics, we have identified an A-to-G transition in the 3'UTRof the GDF8 gene that reveals an illegitimate target site for microRNAs miR-1 and ... [more ▼]

Studying the muscular hypertrophy of Texel sheep by forward genetics, we have identified an A-to-G transition in the 3'UTRof the GDF8 gene that reveals an illegitimate target site for microRNAs miR-1 and miR-206 that are highly expressed in skeletal muscle. This causes the down-regulation of this muscle-specific chalone and hence contributes to the muscular hypertrophyof Texel sheep. We demonstrate that polymorphisms which alter the content of putative miRNA target sites are commonin human and mice, and provide evidence that both conserved and nonconserved target sites are selectively constrained. Wespeculate that these polymorphisms might be important mediators of phenotypic variation including disease. To facilitatestudies along those lines, we have constructed a database (www.patrocles.org) listing putative polymorphic microRNA–targetinteractions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe callipyge mutation enhances bidirectional long-range DLK1-GTL2 intergenic transcription in cis
Takeda, Haruko ULg; Caiment, Florian ULg; Smit, Maria et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (2006), 103(21), 8119-8124

The callipyge mutation (CLPG) is an A to G transition that affects a muscle-specific long-range control element located in the middle of the 90-kb DLK1-GTL2 intergenic (IG) region. It causes ectopic ... [more ▼]

The callipyge mutation (CLPG) is an A to G transition that affects a muscle-specific long-range control element located in the middle of the 90-kb DLK1-GTL2 intergenic (IG) region. It causes ectopic expression of a 327-kb cluster of imprinted genes in skeletal muscle, resulting in the callipyge muscular hypertrophy and its non-Mendelian inheritance pattern known as polar overdominance. We herein demonstrate that the CLPG mutation alters the muscular epigenotype of the DLK1-GTL2 IG region in cis, including hypomethylation, acquisition of novel DNase-I hypersentivite sites, and, most strikingly, strongly enhanced bidirectional, long-range IG transcription. The callipyge phenotype thus emerges as a unique model to study the functional significance of IG transcription, which recently has proven to be a widespread, yet elusive, feature of the mammalian genome. [less ▲]

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See detailA mutation creating a potential illegitimate microRNA target site in the myostatin gene affects muscularity in sheep.
Clop, Alex; Marcq, Fabienne ULg; Takeda, Haruko ULg et al

in Nature Genetics (2006), 38(7), 813-8

Texel sheep are renowned for their exceptional meatiness. To identify the genes underlying this economically important feature, we performed a whole-genome scan in a Romanov x Texel F2 population. We ... [more ▼]

Texel sheep are renowned for their exceptional meatiness. To identify the genes underlying this economically important feature, we performed a whole-genome scan in a Romanov x Texel F2 population. We mapped a quantitative trait locus with a major effect on muscle mass to chromosome 2 and subsequently fine-mapped it to a chromosome interval encompassing the myostatin (GDF8) gene. We herein demonstrate that the GDF8 allele of Texel sheep is characterized by a G to A transition in the 3' UTR that creates a target site for mir1 and mir206, microRNAs (miRNAs) that are highly expressed in skeletal muscle. This causes translational inhibition of the myostatin gene and hence contributes to the muscular hypertrophy of Texel sheep. Analysis of SNP databases for humans and mice demonstrates that mutations creating or destroying putative miRNA target sites are abundant and might be important effectors of phenotypic variation. [less ▲]

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See detailToward molecular understanding of polar overdominance at the ovine callipyge locus
Georges, Michel ULg; Charlier, Carole ULg; Smit, M. et al

in Stillman, B.; Stewart, D. (Eds.) "Epigenetics” Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology (2005)

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See detailHigh-Resolution, Human-Bovine Comparative Mapping Based on a Closed Yac Contig Spanning the Bovine Mh Locus
Pirottin, Dimitri ULg; Poncelet, D.; Grobet, Luc ULg et al

in Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society (1999), 10(3), 289-93

A closed YAC contig spanning the mh locus was assembled by STS content mapping with seven microsatellite markers, eight genes or EST, and nine STS corresponding to YAC ends. The contig comprises 27 YACs ... [more ▼]

A closed YAC contig spanning the mh locus was assembled by STS content mapping with seven microsatellite markers, eight genes or EST, and nine STS corresponding to YAC ends. The contig comprises 27 YACs, has an average depth of 4.3 YACs, and spans an estimated 1.2 Mb. A linkage map was constructed based on five of the microsatellite markers anchored to the contig and shown to span 7 cM, yielding a ratio of 160 kb/1 cM for the corresponding chromosome region. Comparative mapping data indicate that the constructed contig spans an evolutionary breakpoint connecting two chromosome segments that are syntenic but not adjacent in the human. Consolidation of human gene order by means of whole genome radiation hybrids and its comparison with the bovine order as inferred from the contig confirm conservation of gene order within segments. [less ▲]

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